Bruce Arthur Johnston is an American singer and record producer best known as a member of The Beach Boys. In 1965, Johnston joined the band for performances, filling in for the groups co-founder Brian Wilson. Johnston became a member on subsequent albums. He is known for his early 1960s collaborations with Terry Melcher as Bruce & Terry and with the band the Rip Chords. As a child Johnston was adopted by William and Irene Johnston of Chicago and grew up on the West side of Los Angeles in Brentwood and his adoptive father was president of the Owl Rexall Drug Company in Los Angeles after moving from Walgreens in Chicago. Johnston attended the private Bel Air Town and Country School in Los Angeles, in high school, Johnston switched to contemporary music. He performed in a few beginning bands during this time and moved on to working with musicians such as Sandy Nelson, Kim Fowley. Soon Johnston began backing people such as Ritchie Valens, the Everly Brothers, in 1959, while still in high school, Johnston arranged and played on his first hit record, Teen Beat by Sandy Nelson.
The single reached the Billboard Top Ten, the same year, Johnston made his first single under his own name, Take This Pearl on Arwin Records as part of the Bruce & Jerry duo. In 1960, Johnston started his production career at Del-Fi Records, producing five singles. In 1963 came the first collaboration with his friend Terry Melcher, the first artist the pair produced was a group called the Rip Chords. The two of them made a few recordings as Bruce & Terry and the Rogues, but Melcher began to more on his production career. On April 9,1965, Johnston joined the Beach Boys, replacing Glen Campbell, Johnston did not start playing bass until his first tenure with the Beach Boys, and the very first vocal recording Johnston made as one of the Beach Boys was California Girls. Johnston is frequently credited as one of the original greatest supporters of the Beach Boys 1966 signature album Pet Sounds and he flew to London in May 1966 and played the album for John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Keith Moon, who was a Beach Boys fan.
Johnston sang lead on three songs from the 1970 Beach Boys album Sunflower, Tears in the Morning, and At My Window. Johnston left the Beach Boys in 1972 to embark on a solo career, I Write the Songs has been recorded by over two hundred artists, and it currently has a cumulative singles/albums worldwide sales figure of twenty-five million copies. Johnston returned to the fold in 1978 at Brian Wilsons request to appear on the album L. A, the following year he was credited as sole producer on the follow-up LP, Keepin the Summer Alive. Johnston has remained with the Beach Boys ever since and was the member to continue touring with Mike Love as The Beach Boys after the death of Carl Wilson
California Saga: California
California Saga, California is a song written by Al Jardine for American rock band the Beach Boys. It was released on their 1973 album Holland, the song was inspired by and makes mention of the Big Sur Folk Festival in which the band played in 1970. The song reached #84 in Billboard, but performed better in the UK, jan & Dean covered California Saga, California on their album Live In Concert, Surf City and retitled the song Cool Clear Water
Thomas Earl Tom Petty is an American musician, songwriter, multi instrumentalist and record producer. He is best known as the singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, but is known as a member and co-founder of the late 1980s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys. Petty has recorded a number of hit singles with the Heartbreakers and as a solo artist, many of which are mainstays on adult contemporary and his music has been classified as rock and roll, heartland rock, and even stoner rock. His music has become popular among younger generations, in his career, Petty has sold more than 80 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. In 2002, Petty was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, thomas Earl Petty was born and raised in Gainesville and attended Gainesville High School. His interest in rock and roll music began at age ten when he met Elvis Presley. In the summer of 1961, his uncle was working on the set of Presleys film Follow That Dream in nearby Ocala and invited Petty to come down and watch the shoot.
He instantly became an Elvis Presley fan, and when he returned that Saturday, he was greeted by his friend Keith Harben, and soon traded his Wham-O slingshot for a collection of Elvis 45s. In a 2006 interview on the National Public Radio program Fresh Air, the minute I saw the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan Show — and its true of thousands of guys — there was the way out. There was the way to do it and you get your friends and youre a self-contained unit. And it looked like so much fun and it was something I identified with. I had never been hugely into sports, I had been a big fan of Elvis. But I really saw in the Beatles that heres something I could do and it wasnt long before there were groups springing up in garages all over the place. One of his first guitar teachers was Don Felder, a fellow Gainesville resident, as a young man, Petty worked briefly on the grounds crew for the University of Florida, but never attended as a student. An Ogeechee lime tree that he planted while employed at the University is now called the Tom Petty tree and he worked briefly as a gravedigger.
Petty was extremely close to his mother, and remains close to his brother, shortly after embracing his musical aspirations, Petty started a band known as the Epics, to evolve into Mudcrutch. Although the band, which featured future Heartbreakers Mike Campbell and Benmont Tench, were popular in Gainesville and their only single, Depot Street, remains popular among fans. The original Mudcrutch included guitarist Danny Roberts who was replaced by bassist Charlie Souza
Carl Dean Wilson was an American musician, singer and record producer who co-founded the Beach Boys. He is best remembered as their lead guitarist and as the youngest brother of bandmates Brian, unlike other members of the band, he often played alongside the studio musicians employed during the groups critical and commercial peak in the mid 1960s. During the 1980s, he attempted to launch a career, releasing the albums Carl Wilson. Shortly before his death, he recorded material with Gerry Beckley and Robert Lamm, in 1988, Carl was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Beach Boys. Carl Dean Wilson was born in Hawthorne, the youngest son of Audree Neva, from his pre-teens he practiced harmony vocals under the guidance of his brother Brian, who often sang in the family music room with his mother and brothers. Inspired by country star Spade Cooley, at the age of 12, Carl asked his parents to buy him a guitar, for which he took some lessons. In 1982, Carl remembered from this time, The kid across the street, David Marks, was taking lessons from John Maus, so I started.
David and I were about 12 and John was only three years older, but we thought he was a shit-hot guitarist and his sister Judy did fraternity gigs together as a duo. Later John moved to England and became one of the Walker Brothers and he showed me some fingerpicking techniques and strumming stuff that I still use. When I play a solo, hes still there, while Brian perfected the bands vocal style and keyboard base, Carls Chuck Berry-esque guitar became an early Beach Boys trademark. While in high school, Carl studied saxophone, turning 15 as the groups first hit, broke locally in Los Angeles, Carls father and manager, bought him a Fender Jaguar guitar. Dave Marsh, in The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll, Carls lead vocals in the bands first three years were infrequent. Although all members of the played on their early recordings. Unlike the other members of the band, Carl often played alongside session musicians and he recorded his individual guitar leads during the Beach Boys vocal sessions, with his guitar plugged directly into the soundboard.
His playing can be heard on tracks like 1965s Girl Dont Tell Me, after Brians retirement from touring in 1965, Carl became the musical director of the band onstage. Contracts at that time stipulated that promoters hire Carl Wilson plus four other musicians, following his lead vocal performance on God Only Knows in 1966, Carl was increasingly lead vocalist for the band, a role previously dominated by Mike Love and Brian. He sang leads on the singles Good Vibrations, starting with the album Wild Honey, Brian requested that Carl become more involved in the Beach Boys records. In 1969, the Beach Boys rendition of I Can Hear Music was the first track produced solely by Carl Wilson, by then, he had effectively become the bands in-studio leader, producing the bulk of the albums during the early 1970s
Rolling Stone is an American biweekly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the publisher. It was first known for its coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content, Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner and Ralph Gleason. To get it off the ground, Wenner borrowed $7,500 from his own family and from the parents of his soon-to-be wife, Jane Schindelheim. The first issue carried a date of November 9,1967. Some authors have attributed the name solely to Dylans hit single, At Gleasons suggestion, Rolling Stone initially identified with and reported the hippie counterculture of the era. In the very first edition, Wenner wrote that Rolling Stone is not just about the music, in the 1970s, Rolling Stone began to make a mark with its political coverage, with the likes of gonzo journalist Hunter S.
Thompson writing for the magazines political section. Thompson first published his most famous work Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas within the pages of Rolling Stone, where he remained a contributing editor until his death in 2005. In the 1970s, the magazine helped launch the careers of prominent authors, including Cameron Crowe, Lester Bangs, Joe Klein, Joe Eszterhas, Patti Smith. It was at point that the magazine ran some of its most famous stories. One interviewer, speaking for a number of his peers, said that he bought his first copy of the magazine upon initial arrival on his college campus. In 1977, the magazine moved its headquarters from San Francisco to New York City, editor Jann Wenner said San Francisco had become a cultural backwater. During the 1980s, the magazine began to shift towards being an entertainment magazine. Music was still a dominant topic, but there was increasing coverage of celebrities in television, the magazine initiated its annual Hot Issue during this time. Rolling Stone was initially known for its coverage and for Thompsons political reporting.
In the 1990s, the changed its format to appeal to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors
Brian Douglas Wilson is an American musician, singer and record producer best known for being the multi-tasking leader and co-founder of the rock band the Beach Boys. After signing with Capitol Records in 1962, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen Top 40 hits for the group, in the mid-1960s, Wilson composed and produced Pet Sounds, considered one of the greatest albums ever made. The intended follow-up to Pet Sounds, was canceled for various reasons, as he suffered repeated nervous breakdowns, Wilsons contributions to the Beach Boys diminished, and his erratic behavior led to tensions with the band. He remains a member of the Beach Boys corporation, Brother Records Incorporated, Wilsons work with the Beach Boys helped raise pop music to the level of high art. Wilson effectively set a precedent that allowed bands and artists to enter a recording studio and his songs became inextricably tied with the zeitgeist of the early 1960s, and he helped develop the sound of the wistful Flower Power era that proceeded.
In years, Wilson was regarded as a godfather to an era of musicians who were inspired by his melodic sensibilities, chamber pop orchestrations. His honors include being inducted into the 1988 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and winning Grammy Awards for Brian Wilson Presents Smile and The Smile Sessions. In lists published by Rolling Stone, Wilson ranked 52 for the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time in 2008 and 12 for the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time in 2015. In 2012, music publication NME ranked Wilson number 8 in its 50 Greatest Producers Ever list and he is an occasional actor and voice actor, having appeared in television shows and other artists music videos. His life was portrayed in the 2014 biopic Love & Mercy, Brian Douglas Wilson was born on June 20,1942, at Centinela Hospital in Inglewood, the son of Audree Neva and Murry Wilson. He was the eldest of three boys, his brothers were Dennis and Carl. He has English, Dutch and Irish ancestry, when Brian was two, the family moved from Inglewood to 3701 West 119th Street in nearby Hawthorne, California.
Murry Wilson said, He was very clever and quick, I just fell in love with him. At about age two, Brian heard George Gershwins Rhapsody in Blue, which had an emotional impact on him. A few years later, he was discovered to have diminished hearing in his right ear. The exact cause of hearing loss is unclear, though theories range from him simply being born partially deaf to a blow to the head from his father, or a neighborhood bully. While Brians father Murry was ostensibly a reasonable provider, he was often abusive, a minor musician and songwriter, he encouraged his children in this field in numerous ways. At an early age, Brian was given six weeks of lessons on a toy accordion and, at seven and eight, at Hawthorne High School, Brian was on the football team as a quarterback, played baseball and was a cross-country runner in his senior year
An extended play is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is usually unqualified as an album or LP. EPs generally do not contain as many tracks as albums, and are considered less expensive, an EP originally referred to specific types of vinyl records other than 78 rpm standard play and LP, but it is now applied to mid-length CDs and downloads as well. Ricardo Baca of The Denver Post said, EPs—originally extended-play single releases that are shorter than traditional albums—have long been popular with punk, in the United Kingdom, the Official Chart Company defines a boundary between EP and album classification at 25 minutes of length or four tracks. EPs were released in various sizes in different eras, the earliest multi-track records, issued around 1919 by Grey Gull Records, were vertically cut 78 rpm discs known as 2-in-1 records. These had finer than usual grooves, like Edison Disc Records, by 1949, when the 45 rpm single and 33 1⁄3 rpm LP were competing formats, seven-inch 45 rpm singles had a maximum playing time of only about four minutes per side.
Partly as an attempt to compete with the LP introduced in 1948 by rival Columbia, RCA Victor introduced Extended Play 45s during 1952. Their narrower grooves, achieved by lowering the levels and sound compression optionally. These were usually 10-inch LPs split onto two seven-inch EPs or 12-inch LPs split onto three seven-inch EPs, either separately or together in gatefold covers. This practice became less common with the advent of triple-speed-available phonographs. Some classical music albums released at the beginning of the LP era were distributed as EP albums—notably the seven operas that Arturo Toscanini conducted on radio between 1944 and 1954. These opera EPs, originally broadcast on the NBC Radio network and manufactured by RCA, in the 1990s, they began appearing on compact discs. During the 1950s, RCA published several EP albums of Walt Disney movies and these usually featured the original casts of actors and actresses. Each album contained two seven-inch records, plus an illustrated booklet containing the text of the recording, so that children could follow along by reading.
Some of the titles included Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and what was a recent release, because of the popularity of 7 and other formats, SP records became less popular and the production of SPs in Japan was suspended in 1963. In the 1950s and 1960s, EPs were usually compilations of singles or album samplers and were played at 45 rpm on seven-inch discs. Record Retailer printed the first EP chart in 1960, the New Musical Express, Melody Maker and Music Echo and the Record Mirror continued to list EPs on their respective singles charts. The Beatles Twist and Shout outsold most singles for some weeks in 1963, when the BBC and Record Retailer commissioned the British Market Research Bureau to compile a chart it was restricted to singles and EPs disappeared from the listings. In the Philippines, seven-inch EPs marketed as mini-LPs were introduced in 1970, with tracks selected from an album and this mini-LP format became popular in America in the early 1970s for promotional releases, and for use in jukeboxes
Van Dyke Parks
Van Dyke Parks is an American composer, record producer, singer-songwriter and actor. He is known for his collaborations with the musician Brian Wilson, in addition to producing records by other artists, Parks has released several studio albums of his own recordings, Song Cycle, Discover America, Clang of the Yankee Reaper, Jump. Tokyo Rose, Orange Crate Art, Songs Cycled, and one album, Moonlighting. He has established himself in motion pictures and over the years has directed, produced, on occasion, he has taken small acting roles. Born in 1943 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, as the youngest of four children, he was raised in Lake Charles and his older brothers played brass instruments. His father Richard Hill Parks III was a doctor who served as chief officer in the Dachau liberation reprisals. Having studied with Karl Menninger, Richards specific medical specialties were neurology and psychiatry, Richard was a part-time clarinetist and had a dance band to get through med school, Dick Parks and His White Swan Serenaders.
Van Dykes mother was a Hebraic scholar, growing up, there were two grand pianos nestled in the family living room, and at age 4, Parks began studying the clarinet. He attended the American Boychoir School in Princeton, New Jersey, studying voice and piano, Parks was a street urchin in La Bohème at the Metropolitan Opera and sang the title role of Amahl and the Night Visitors at New York City Opera. During his childhood, Parks became extremely fond of old-style American music and this interest in Depression-era songwriting would correlate heavily with his artistic goals and interests during the 1960s and beyond. He was affected by musicians Spike Jones and Les Paul. Parks has said that the first record he ever purchased may have been Dean Martins Memories Are Made of This and he began his professional career as a child actor. Between 1953 and 1958 he worked steadily in films and television, including the 1956 movie The Swan and he appeared as Ezio Pinzas son Andrew Bonino on the NBC television show Bonino.
One of his costars on Bonino was 14-year-old Chet Allen, who appeared as Jerry Bonino and Allen were roommates at the Boychoir School. Parks had a role as Little Tommy Manicotti on Jackie Gleasons The Honeymooners. Parks majored in music at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1962, Parks began studying acoustic guitar. According to Parks, he learned 50 requinto solos of Mexican boleros, the group included future RCA Records producer and recording artist Rick Jarrard. Parks said of decision, Going to California meant I escaped John Cage
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961. The groups original lineup consisted of brothers Brian and Carl Wilson, their cousin Mike Love, distinguished by their vocal harmonies and early surf songs, they are one of the most influential acts of the rock era. The Beach Boys began as a band managed by the Wilsons father Murry. Emerging at the vanguard of the California Sound, they performed material that reflected a southern California youth culture of surfing, cars. After 1964, they abandoned the surfing aesthetic for more personal lyrics, in 1966, the Pet Sounds album and Good Vibrations single vaulted the group to the top level of rock innovators and established the band as symbols of the nascent counterculture era. Following Smiles dissolution, Brian gradually ceded production and songwriting duties to the rest of the band, reducing his input because of mental health and substance abuse issues. The continued success of their greatest hits albums during the mid 1970s precipitated the transition into an oldies act.
Since the 1980s, much-publicized legal wrangling over royalties, songwriting credits, Dennis drowned in 1983 and Carl died of lung cancer in 1998. After Carls death, many live configurations of the band fronted by Mike Love, Even though Wilson and Jardine have not performed with Love and Johnstons band since their one-off 2012 reunion tour, they remain a part of the Beach Boys corporation, Brother Records Inc. The Beach Boys are one of the most critically acclaimed, commercially successful, the group had over eighty songs chart worldwide, thirty-six of them US Top 40 hits, four reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. They received their only Grammy Award for The Smile Sessions, the core quintet of the three Wilsons and Jardine were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. At the time of his birthday on June 20,1958, Brian Wilson shared a bedroom with his brothers and Carl – aged thirteen and eleven. He had watched his father, Murry Wilson, play piano, after dissecting songs such as Ivory Tower and Good News, Brian would teach family members how to sing the background harmonies.
For his birthday that year, Brian received a tape recorder. He learned how to overdub, using his vocals and those of Carl, Brian played piano with Carl and David Marks, an eleven-year-old longtime neighbor, playing guitars they had each received as Christmas presents. Soon Brian and Carl were avidly listening to Johnny Otis KFOX radio show, inspired by the simple structure and vocals of the rhythm and blues songs he heard, Brian changed his piano-playing style and started writing songs. His enthusiasm interfered with his studies at school. Family gatherings brought the Wilsons in contact with cousin Mike Love, Brian taught Loves sister Maureen and a friend harmonies
Album, is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records, vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used from the late 1970s through to the 1990s alongside vinyl, an album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. Recording may take a few hours to years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed live, the majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc. With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, the term album was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format.
In musical usage the word was used for collections of pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, the LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. It was adopted by the industry as a standard format for the album. Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, the term album had been carried forward from the early nineteenth century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, as part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as mini-albums or EPs, Albums such as Tubular Bells, Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield, and Yess Close to the Edge, include fewer than four tracks.
There are no rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as albums. These are known as box sets, material is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track is a song or instrumental recording. The term is associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks. When vinyl records were the medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves
Baambrugge is a village on the river Angstel in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is a part of the municipality of De Ronde Venen, in 2001 the village of Baambrugge had 925 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.21 km², the statistical area Baambrugge, which can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 1000. The village used to be a municipality, under the name Abcoude-Baambrugge. In 1941, it merged with Abcoude-Proosdij to form the municipality Abcoude, the Beach Boys recorded their album Holland in Baambrugge, using a reconstructed studio sent from California. J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, Baambrugge
Camper Van Beethoven
Camper Van Beethoven is an American rock band formed in Redlands, California in 1983 and located in Santa Cruz and San Francisco. Their style mixes elements of pop, punk rock, alternative country, the band initially polarized audiences within the hardcore punk scene of Californias Inland Empire before finding wider acceptance and, eventually, an international audience. Their strong iconoclasm and emphasis on do-it-yourself values proved influential to the indie rock movement. The bands first three independent records were released within an 18-month period and their debut single was Take the Skinheads Bowling. They disbanded the year due to internal tensions. Lead singer David Lowery formed Cracker, David Immerglück joined Counting Crows, beginning in 1999, the former members reunited and made several new records. Camper Van Beethoven was preceded by several related garage bands based in Redlands, including Sitting Duck and these bands included future Camper Van Beethoven members bassist and vocalist David Lowery and multi-instrumentalist Chris Molla, and often drummer Bill McDonald as well.
At the same time, Lowery and Krummenacher were studying in Santa Cruz at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and were musically active there as well. The former two played in the Santa Cruz-based Box O Laffs, which included future Camper Van Beethoven members Richie West, Anthony Guess. While on summer break in 1983, Lowery and Molla returned to Redlands and formed a new band, Camper Van Beethoven, when Lowery and Krummenacher returned to college in Santa Cruz and Molla resumed playing with Box O Laffs. After meeting violinist and guitarist Jonathan Segel, they decided to re-form Camper Van Beethoven, in 1985, the band reduced its name to Camper Van Beethoven, replaced West with Anthony Guess, and recorded their debut album, Telephone Free Landslide Victory. Shortly after this record was released, lead guitarist Greg Lisher joined the group, the band recorded a set of songs with an expanded version of the lineup that recorded the debut, with Lisher playing lead on some songs. Guess departed shortly thereafter, leaving Lowery and Molla briefly to take turns swapping drumming duties and this incarnation recorded a second set of songs, with Molla handling the drums.
At the end of the sessions, in 1986, long-term drummer Chris Pedersen was added, the bands second album, II & III, was culled from both recording sessions. Segel played mandolin and sitar in addition to violin, and Molla played pedal steel guitar on some tracks, the album featured a noticeably expanded sound, with influences of country music and Americana mixed in with faux Indian or Arabic music and psychedelia. On the album, the elements of psychedelia on the album came to the fore. The album featured some satirical commentary on songs like Good Guys and Bad Guys and Joe Stalins Cadillac. Krummenacher, Lisher and Molla formed the side project Monks of Doom, released in November 1987, the EP Vampire Can Mating Oven preceded a major label bidding war