Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service
Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service responsible for fire protection, prevention and emergency rescue in the county of Staffordshire and unitary authority of Stoke-on-Trent. The county covers a total area of 2,260 sq km. Staffordshire shares the majority of its border with Derbyshire, West Midlands and Shropshire; the fire service functions under the control of the Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Authority, a joint authority made up of councillors from several areas of the county. The county provides considerable risks to its firefighters; these include the industrial city of Stoke-on-Trent and the large industrial towns of Burton-upon-Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Cannock. The busiest stretch of motorway in Europe runs through the county; the main'A‘ roads the A5, A50, A34 and A38 cross the county. These well-used routes are the scene of numerous road traffic accidents, vehicle fires and chemical incidents. There are many significant rural risks in Staffordshire: The medieval hunting grounds of Cannock Chase is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is made up of heathland and forest that stetches between Stafford, Cannock and Chase Terrace.
In the north of the county the Staffordshire Moorlands is an area of remote wilderness where The Pennines spill over the Derbyshire and Cheshire borders, has an area of around 576 square kilometres. These areas pose a considerable risk of wildfires, keep firefighters exteremely busy during hot dry spells; the moorlands offer their own logistical difficulties during harsh winters to the residents of the towns and villages dotted thoroughout the hills - towns like Leek and Biddulph, the villages of Ipstones and Longnor amongst others. The Staffordshire Moorlands is home to Flash, the highest village in Britain, it stands 463 metres above sea level. The service is run under the command of the Chief Fire Officer and an executive board, provides emergency response from 33 strategically located fire stations, divided into three delivery groups: Northern Eastern WesternStaffordshire Fire & Rescue Service has its headquarters and training school at Pirehill near the town of Stone in mid-Staffordshire.
Their fire control centre used to be at Pirehill, but was closed after its amalgamation with fire control of the West Midlands Fire Service in March 2014. So now both brigades operate under a joint control centre situated in Birmingham; the county's maintenance workshops are located at Hanley fire station in central Stoke-on-Trent. Of the thirty-three strategically located fire stations, only Stafford, Tamworth Belgrave and Sandyford operate on a wholetime 24-hour crewing basis. Longton, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Burton-upon-Trent operate as wholetime/retained stations, which means, along with a 24-hour station-based complement of firefighters, they have retained on-call "back-up" personnel that, when required, crew the second fire engine housed at the fire station, as well as some of the specialist appliances stationed there. All wholetime firefighters work the four "watch" system; this produces an eight-day week, with crews operating on a "two-days-on, two-nights-on, four-days-off" system. The eight-day week means that a firefighter's duty shifts and their days off "rotate" by one day week-to-week.
Leek and Lichfield fire stations are day-crewed/retained: firefighters respond from the fire station as wholetime firefighters between the hours of 9:00am and 6:00pm with a retained on-call crew available if needed to crew other appliances based at the station. After 6:00pm the stations become retained on-call only, the fire appliances are crewed by the same firefighters but not from the station itself. All other Staffordshire fire stations are retained on-call only. All retained firefighters respond from home or work, are notified by a pager, therefore, have to live or work within five minutes driving time of their station to meet strict Home Office response times. PRT - Pump Rescue Tender: P1 PRL - Pump Rescue Ladder: P1/P2 WrT - Water Tender: P1/P2 RRP - Rural Response Pump: P1/P2 WrT/ARU - Water Tender/Animal Rescue Unit: P2 TRV - Targeted Response Vehicle: L1 HAR - Unimog All-Terrain Heathland Pump/Animal Rescue Unit: R3 ALP - Aerial Ladder Platform: A1 RT - Rescue Tender: R1 F/WC - Foam/Water Carrier: W1 WRU - Water Rescue Unit: R2 RRU - Rope Rescue Unit: R5 ICU - Incident Control Unit: C1 L4V - Light 4x4 Vehicle: M1 WFU - Welfare Unit: S1 PM+HVP - Prime Mover + High Volume Pump: T8 PM - Prime Mover: T9 VSU - Victim Support Unit: S7 Environmental Damage Limitation Unit Welfare Support Unit Detection, Identification & Monitoring Unit: H8 Incident Response Unit: H9 Prime Mover + Mass Decontamination Disrobe Unit: T9 2x prime movers + high-volume-pumping unit and high-volume-pump hose-laying pod: T8 During the 1970s, Staffordshire Fire Brigade operated a mixed fleet of fire appliances built on Ford D, Bedford TK, Thornycroft and Dennis F chassis.
The'80s saw the fleet become dominated by several SSs with bodywork by Dennis. During the late'80s and early'90s, remaining faithful to Dennis, Staffordshire purchased Dennis Sabres with bodywork by John Dennis Coachbuilders, but after the demise of Dennis as a chassis provider the fleet purchasers at Staffordshire Fire & Rescue service opted for Scania P94Ds with construction responsibilities sh
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Buxton is a spa town in Derbyshire, in the East Midlands region of England. It has the highest elevation – about 1,000 feet above sea level – of any market town in England. Close to the county boundary with Cheshire to the west and Staffordshire to the south, Buxton is described as "the gateway to the Peak District National Park". A municipal borough until 1974, Buxton was merged with other localities lying to the north, including Glossop, to form the local government district and borough of High Peak within the county of Derbyshire. Despite being in the East Midlands, economically Buxton is within the sphere of influence of Greater Manchester; the population of the town was 22,115 at the 2011 Census. Buxton landmarks include Poole's Cavern, an extensive limestone cavern open to the public, St Ann's Well, fed by the geothermal spring bottled and sold internationally by Buxton Mineral Water Company. In the town is the Buxton Opera House, which hosts several music and theatre festivals each year.
The Devonshire Campus of the University of Derby is housed in one of the town's historic buildings. Buxton is twinned with Bad Nauheim in Germany; the Romans developed a settlement known as Aquae Arnemetiae. The discovery of coins indicates; the origins of the town's name are uncertain. It may be derived for Rocking Stone; the town grew in importance in the late 18th century when it was developed by the Dukes of Devonshire, with a resurgence a century as the Victorians were drawn to the reputed healing properties of the waters. Built on the River Wye, overlooked by Axe Edge Moor, Buxton has a history as a spa town due to its geothermal spring which rises at a constant temperature of 28 °C; the spring waters are piped to St Ann's Well opposite the Crescent near the town centre. The Dukes of Devonshire have been involved with Buxton since 1780, when the 5th Duke used the profits from his copper mines to develop the town as a spa in the style of Bath, their ancestor Bess of Hardwick had taken one of her four husbands, the Earl of Shrewsbury, to "take the waters" at Buxton shortly after he became the gaoler of Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1569, they took Mary there in 1573.
She called Buxton "La Fontagne de Bogsby", stayed at the site of the Old Hall Hotel. The area features in the poetry of W. H. Auden and the novels of Jane Austen and Emily Brontë. Instrumental in the popularity of Buxton was the recommendation by Erasmus Darwin of the waters at Buxton and Matlock to Josiah Wedgwood I; the Wedgwood family went to Buxton on holiday and recommended the area to their friends. Two of Charles Darwin's half-cousins, Edward Levett Darwin and Reginald Darwin, settled there; the arrival of the railway in 1863 stimulated the town's growth: the population of 1,800 in 1861 had grown to over 6,000 by 1881. Although outside the National Park boundary, Buxton is geologically in the Peak District and built between the Lower Carboniferous limestone of the White Peak and the Upper Carboniferous shale and gritstone of the Dark Peak; the early settlement was of limestone construction while the present buildings, of locally quarried sandstone date from the late 18th century. At the southern edge of the town the River Wye has carved an extensive limestone cavern, known as Poole's Cavern.
More than 330 yards of its chambers are open to the public. The cavern contains Derbyshire's largest stalactite and there are unique'poached egg' stalagmites. A notorious local highwayman called. At about 1,000 feet above sea level, Buxton is the highest market town in England. Due to this high elevation, Buxton tends to be cooler and much wetter than surrounding towns, with daytime temperature around 2 °C lower than Manchester. A Met Office weather station has collected climate data for the town since 1867, with digitised data from 1959 available online. In June 1975, the town was hit by a freak snowstorm. In the 2011 census, Buxton was 0.6 % Asian, 0.2 % Black, 0.8 % Mixed/multiple. With the increasing popularity of Buxton's thermal waters in the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of buildings were commissioned to provide for the hospitality of tourists retreating to the town; the Old Hall Hotel is one of the oldest buildings in Buxton. It was owned by 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, he and his wife, Bess of Hardwick, were the "gaolers" of Queen of Scots.
She came to Buxton several times to take the waters, the last time in 1584. The present building has a five-bay front with a Tuscan doorway; the Crescent was built between 1780 and 1784, modelled on Bath's Royal Crescent by John Carr along with the neighbouring irregular octagon and colonnade of the Great Stables. The Crescent features a grand assembly room with a fine painted ceiling. Nearby stands the elegant and imposing monument to Samuel Turner, treasurer of the Devonshire Hospital and Buxton Bath Charity, built in 1879 and accidentally lost for the latter part of the 20th century during construction work before being found and restored in 1994; the Crescent has been unoccupied for many years, but plans were in place in 2012 for it to be converted into a hotel. The neighbouring Great Stables were completed in 1789, but in 1859 were converted to a charity hospital for the'sick poor' by Henry Currey, architect to William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire and of St Thomas' Hospital in London.
It became known as the Devonshire Roya
Tamworth is a large market town and borough in Staffordshire, England, 14 miles northeast of Birmingham and 103 miles northwest of London. Bordering Warwickshire to the south and east, Lichfield to the north and west, Tamworth takes its name from the River Tame, which flows through it. In 2015, it had a population of 77,157. Tamworth is the home of the historic Tamworth Castle, Church of St Editha and Moat House, was the capital of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Mercia; the town's main industries include logistics, clothing, brick and paper manufacture. Until 2001 it was home to the Reliant car company, which produced the three-wheeled Robin and the Scimitar sports car; the Snowdome, the UK's first full-sized real-snow indoor ski slope is in Tamworth, only a short distance away is Drayton Manor Theme Park. When the Romans arrived in Britain, the Trent Valley was home to the British Coritani tribe. Evidence of Roman activity in the area of Tamworth consists of fragments of Roman building materials found near Bolebridge Street.
Tamworth was situated near the Roman road, Watling Street and a few miles from the Roman town of Letocetum. Following the end of Roman rule, the area around the Tame valley was occupied by Anglo-Saxons from northern Germany and Jutland. Stephen Pollington states that the settlers that reached Tamworth were Angles, who left their homelands after rising sea-levels flooded much of the land. Britain offered an attractive option as its landscape was similar to their homelands, but was more fertile and had a more moderate climate; the Angles arrived from the north, navigating inland via the River Humber, River Trent and the River Tame. The settlers established themselves in "an open meadow by the Tame" which they called "Tomworðig". Nearby they established an "enclosed estate" called "Tomtun" – Tame-town – fortified with a palisade wall; these people called themselves the "Tomsaete": Tame-settlers. Tomtun was "not much more than a fortified manor"; the settlement straddled the River Anker and contained a "large hall for public gatherings" as well as individual homes and agricultural buildings such as stables and granaries.
The Lords of Tame-Settlers became wealthy and Tamworth was thus able to be fortified further. The Tomsaete were a military tribe, when soldiers "reached the age of majority" they retired from military duty and were allotted parcels of land to farm and defend. Fertile lands surrounding the rivers allotted first the hill lands; the Tomsaete were one of countless tribes "all vying for power and influence", however the Lords of the Tomsaete came to control and to "dominate" the area known as English Midlands. The tribes ruled through unions and alliances of leading families and there is evidence of contact with families across England and back in the Anglo-Saxon homelands. However, this "warlord" form of government developed and the Tomsaete's lands became a Kingdom with a single leader; the Tomsaete lived in the heartland of Mercia, Tamworth was the "royal centre" under King Penda. The King would not have a single residence. Tamworth however, was home to the King's household and children. In the reign of King Offa it was the capital of Mercia the largest of the kingdoms in what is now England.
It was by far the largest town in the English Midlands when today's much larger city of Birmingham was still in its infancy. This is due to its strategic position at the meeting point of the rivers Tame and Anker, placing the town as a centre of trade and industry; the town was sacked by the Danes in 874. It remained a ruin until 913, when Æthelflæd, daughter of King Alfred the Great and Lady of the Mercians, rebuilt the town and constructed a burh to defend it against further Danish invaders, she made Tamworth her principal residence and died there in 918. In Tamworth church in 926, a sister of King Æthelstan Saint Edith of Polesworth, was married to Sitric Cáech, the squint-eyed Norse King of York and Dublin. In the 11th century, a Norman castle was built on the probable site of the Saxon fort which still stands to this day as an important tourist attraction. Grants of borough privileges, including rights to a third additional fair in 1588 consolidated Tamworth's historic importance as'the seat of Saxon kings'.
In the Middle Ages Tamworth was a small market town. However the king gave it charters in 1319. In 1337 Tamworth was granted the right to hold two annual fairs. In the Middle Ages fairs were like markets but they were held only once a year and they attracted buyers and sellers from great distances. In 1345 Tamworth suffered a disastrous fire, much of the town burned. However, the town grew in size. Queen Elizabeth granted Tamworth another charter in 1560. Tamworth suffered from outbreaks of plague in 1563, 1579, 1597–98, 1606 and 1626. Many died but each time the population recovered. James I, the first Stuart king of England, visited Tamworth in 1619 and was accommodated by Sir John Ferrers at Tamworth Castle; the Prince of Wales was entertained by William Comberford at the Moat House. Tamworth castle was besieged by parliamentarian forces during the English Civil War in 1643. An order was issued for the castle to be destroyed but this was not carried out. Tamworth continued to grow and remained one of the most populous towns in the Midlands by 1670, when the combined hearth tax returns from Warwickshire and Staffordshire list a total of some 320 households.
Its strategic trade advantage lay w
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty agencies; these are known as a fire and rescue service, the term used in modern legislation and by government departments. The older terms of fire brigade and fire service survive in informal usage and in the names of a few organisations. England and Wales have local fire services which are each overseen by a fire authority, made up of representatives of local governments. Fire authorities have the power to raise a Council Tax levy for funding, with the remainder coming from the government. Scotland and Northern Ireland have centralised fire services, so their authorities are committees of the devolved parliaments; the total budget for fire services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. Central government maintains national standards and a body of independent advisers through the Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser, created in 2007, while Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services provides direct oversight.
The devolved government in Scotland has HMFSI Scotland. Firefighters in the United Kingdom are allowed to join unions, the main one being the Fire Brigades Union, while chief fire officers are members of the National Fire Chiefs Council, which has some role in national co-ordination; the fire services have undergone significant changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process, propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational procedures in the light of terrorism attacks and threats. See separate article History of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom Comprehensive list of recent UK fire and rescue service legislation: Fire services are established and granted their powers under new legislation which has replaced a number of Acts of Parliament dating back more than 60 years, but is still undergoing change. 1938: Fire Brigades Act 1938. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain and made it mandatory for local authorities to arrange an effective fire service.
1947: Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004. 1959: Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act. It was repealed in Wales along with the 1947 Act. 1999: Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of national fire strikes, with much of the discontent caused by the aforementioned report into the fire service conducted by Prof Sir George Bain. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the industrial action still ongoing. Bain's report led to a change in the laws relating to firefighting. 2002: Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004: Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 only applying to England and Wales. 2006: The Regulatory Reform Order 2005 This piece of secondary legislation or statutory instrument replaces several other acts that dealt with fire precautions and fire safety in premises, including the now defunct process of issuing fire certificates.
It came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises: 2006: The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on "Fire and rescue services. Promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation." But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries. There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association, its website outlines future changes, specific projects: "The aim of the Fire Modernisation Programme is to adopt modern work practices within the Fire & Rescue Service to become more efficient and effective, while strengthening the contingency and resilience of the Service to react to incidents. " The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee. In June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report.
Committee report The committee's brief is described on its website: The Communities and Local Government Committee is appointed by the House of Commons to examine the expenditure and policy of the Department for Communities and Local Government and its associated bodies. Government response This document, the subsequent government response in September 2006, are important as they outlined progress on the FiReControl, efforts to address diversity and the planned closure of HMFSI in 2007 among many issues. Both documents are interesting as they refer back to Professor Bain's report and the many recommendations it made and continue to put forward the notion that there is an ongoing need to modernise FRSs. For example, where FRSs were inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office. Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Governm
Dovedale is a valley in the Peak District of England. The land is owned by the National Trust, annually attracts a million visitors; the valley was cut by the River Dove and runs for just over 3 miles between Milldale in the north and a wooded ravine near Thorpe Cloud and Bunster Hill in the south. In the wooded ravine, a set of stepping stones cross the river, there are two caves known as the Dove Holes. Dovedale's other attractions include rock pillars such as Ilam Rock, Viator's Bridge, the limestone features Lovers' Leap and Reynard's Cave; the limestone rock that forms the geology of Dovedale is the fossilised remains of sea creatures that lived in a shallow sea over the area during the Carboniferous period, about 350 million years ago. During the two ice ages, the limestone rock was cut into craggy shapes by glacial meltwater, dry caves such as Dove Holes and Reynard's Kitchen Cave were formed; the caves were used as shelters by hunters around 13,000 BCE, Dovedale has seen continuous human activity since.
Around 4,500 years ago Neolithic farmers used the caves as tombs. There is evidence from Reynard's Cave of Bronze Age activity, artifacts found there are displayed at Buxton Museum and Art Gallery. Vikings settled in the area around 800 CE. Local place names such as Thorpe are of Scandinavian origin; these settlements became permanent, Thorpe is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. Viator's Bridge, a packhorse bridge in Milldale has been in use since the medieval period when silks and flax were transported from nearby Wetton and Alstonefield. Tourism started in the 18th century, Dovedale is now one of the most visited natural tourist sites in Britain. In July 2014 it was announced that a hoard of Late Iron Age and Roman coins has been discovered in Reynard's Kitchen Cave; the 26 coins discovered, which have been declared as "treasure", included three Roman coins that pre-date the Roman invasion of Britain, 20 other gold and silver pieces of Late Iron Age date and thought to derive from the Corieltavi tribe.
National Trust archaeologist Rachael Hall said: "The coins would suggest a serious amount of wealth and power of the individual who owned them." The coins were scheduled to go on display at Buxton Museum in late 2014. The River Dove is 45 miles in length. Charles Cotton's Fishing House, the inspiration for Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler, stands in the woods by the river. From Hartington to its confluence with the River Manifold at Ilam the River Dove flows through the scenic limestone valley known as Dove Valley, or Dovedale. From Hartington south to Ilam, a distance of eight miles, the Dove flows through Beresford Dale, Wolfscote Dale and Dovedale. Much of the dale is in the ownership of the National Trust's South Peak Estate. Dovedale was acquired in 1934, with successive properties added until 1938, Wolfscote Dale in 1948. Dovedale became a National Nature Reserve in 2006 in recognition that it is "one of England's finest wildlife sites" with diverse plant life and interesting rock formations.
The National Trust became embroiled in controversy in 2010, when in conjunction with Derbyshire County Council it oversaw the renovation of Dovedale's iconic stepping stones. It involved topping all but one of the stones with layers of limestone slabs. At the southern end of Dovedale, at grid reference SK151510 between the villages of Thorpe and Ilam, stands Thorpe Cloud, 942 ft, an isolated limestone hill known as a reef knoll, it provides a viewpoint north up the dale and south across the Midlands plain. Its name "cloud" is a derivation of the Old English word clud which means "hill". On the opposite bank, at grid reference SK141516, is the higher but less isolated Bunster Hill, 1,079 ft, a reef knoll, they were acquired by the National Trust in 1934 for the South Peak Estate. Milldale is a village of stone cottages at the northern end of Dovedale and the main access point to the dale from the north. A corn mill existed until the mid-19th century, its stables are now used as an information hut by the National Trust.
The ancient, narrow packhorse bridge at Milldale had no side walls so that horses with panniers could cross the bridge without being impeded. Izaak Walton, who refers to himself as "Viator", Latin for "traveller", wrote about it in The Compleat Angler: "What’s here, the sign of a bridge? Do you travel in wheelbarrows in this country? This bridge was made for nothing else – why a mouse can hardly go over it, tis not two fingers broad!" From this the bridge acquired the name Viator's Bridge. The bridge has been in use since the medieval period, for packhorses transporting silks and flax from nearby Wetton and Alstonefield, it is listed as an ancient monument. Dovedale is notable for its numerous limestone formations; the most southerly named formation, Dovedale Castle, is a short distance along the river from the stepping stones at Thorpe Cloud. The limestone promontory called; the steps were built by Italian prisoners of war captured in the Second World War and are now maintained by the National Trust and the National Park Authority.
At Lover's Leap, a young woman who believed her lover had been killed in the Napoleonic Wars threw herself from the promontory. Her skirt caught in the branches of a tree as she saved her life; when she got home, she heard. There are other similar legends about Lover's Leap, including one that places the same story in World War II. Opposite Lover's Leap is a limestone formation called the [[Twelve Apostles; the rock spires have been created from hard reef limestone. The National Trust c
Staffordshire Moorlands is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. Its council, Staffordshire Moorlands District Council, is based in Leek and is located between the city of Stoke-on-Trent and the Peak District National Park; the 2001 census recorded the population as 94,489. Principal industries are agriculture and tourism; the area's three towns are Leek and Biddulph. Visitor attractions include the National Trust property Biddulph Grange, the Churnet Valley Railway, the UK's largest and number one theme park Alton Towers Resort, the annual Leek Arts Festival. There are a variety of outdoor pursuits such as rock climbing and cycling; the district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the urban districts of Biddulph and Leek, along with Cheadle and Leek Rural Districts. Staffordshire Moorlands is the local UK Parliament constituency, its boundaries do not match up with the District Council area. The MP since 2010 has been a Conservative, she served as Secretary of State for Culture and Sport from 14 July 2016 until 8 January 2018, when she was appointed Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas showed that housing in Staffordshire Moorlands produced the 11th-highest average carbon emissions in the country at 7,192 kilograms of carbon dioxide per dwelling. Most of the Staffordshire Moorlands district is in the southern end and foothills of the Pennines, with the northern part of the district lying in the Peak District National Park; the terrain is rolling hills and valleys across forests and lakes, with high gritstone moorlands in the north west from where the district name derives from, some of, abandoned for farming, limestone landscape in the north east. The highest point in both the district and Staffordshire is Cheeks Hill, rising up to 520m on Axe Edge Moor; the district includes parts of the Dark White Peak in the Peak District. The area between Axe Edge Moor and the Churnet Valley is in the Dark Peak and includes the Roaches, a series of gritstone outcrops which rises to 505m and where several wallabies roamed free for many years.
On the other hand, the western half of Dovedale and the Manifold Valley, including Thor's Cave, Wetton Mill and Butterton, are in the White Peak. The Churnet Valley is a steep-sided, wooded valley in the south of the district, running between Cheddleton and Rocester known as "The Rhineland of Staffordshire" or Staffordshire's "Little Switzerland"; the Staffordshire Moorlands is home to the highest village in Britain, Flash. The village stands at 463m above sea level; this record was confirmed in 2007 by the Ordnance Survey after Wanlockhead in Scotland claimed the record. The BBC's The One Show investigated the case in a bid to settle the argument and Flash turned out to be the higher of the two; the council maintains a number of local nature reserves including Biddulph Valley Way, Brough Park Fields, Cecilly Brook, Hales Hall Pool, Hoften's Cross Meadows, Ladderedge Country Park and Marshes Hill Common. The present day Staffordshire Moorlands District was contained in the Hundred of Totmonslow, except for the parish of Biddulph, in Pirehill Hundred.
The District makes up the majority of the area of the now obsolete Totmonslow Hundred, with the remaining area of the Hundred now falling in East Staffordshire District. The Hundred was named after a small hamlet of Totmonslow in the parish of Draycott in the Moors, within Staffordshire Moorlands District. In July 2007 it was announced that Staffordshire Moorlands District Council was the best-performing council in Staffordshire and the wider West Midlands region, after achieving'excellent' status in an independent report by the Audit Commission; this means. Staffordshire Moorlands has "twinning" agreements with: Olkusz, Poland Staffordshire Moorlands District Council Collection of Staffordshire Moorlands Scenes