Desperadoes is a Weird West-style comic book series written by Jeff Mariotte. It is published by IDW Publishing. Gideon Brood Abby DeGrazia Race Kennedy Jerome Alexander Betts Clay Parkhurst Each story arc is a limited series, collected in a number of volumes: Desperadoes: A Moment's Sunlight Desperadoes: Epidemic! Desperadoes: Quiet of the Grave Desperadoes: Banners of Gold Desperadoes: Buffalo Dreams Jonah Hex Deadlands Deadwood High Moon Western genre in other media Weird West IDW page Unpublished script 2002 interview about Quiet of the Grave October 2006 interview and preview of upcoming series "Buffalo Dreams"
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Warren Girard Ellis is an English comic-book writer and screenwriter. He is best known as the co-creator of several original comics series, including Transmetropolitan, Global Frequency, Red —adapted into the feature films Red and Red 2 —Trees, Injection. Ellis is the author of the novels Crooked Little Vein and Gun Machine, the novella Normal. A prolific comic-book writer, he has written several Marvel series, including Astonishing X-Men, Moon Knight, the "Extremis" story arc of Iron Man, the basis for the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Iron Man 3. Ellis created The Authority and Planetary for WildStorm, wrote a run of Hellblazer for Vertigo, James Bond for Dynamite Entertainment. Ellis wrote the video games Hostile Waters, Cold Winter, Dead Space. Ellis is well known for sociocultural commentary, both through his online presence and through his writing, which covers transhumanist and folkloric themes in combination with each other, he is a patron of a charity focused on promoting humanism and advancing secularism.
He is a resident of England. Ellis was born in Essex in February 1968, he has stated. He was a student at the South East Essex Sixth Form College known as SEEVIC, he contributed comic work to the college magazine, along with Richard Easter, who later followed a career in writing. Before starting his career as a writer, he ran a bookstore, ran a pub, worked in bankruptcy, worked in a record shop, lifted compost bags for a living. Ellis's writing career started in the British independent magazine Deadline with a six-page short story published in 1990. Other early works include a Doctor Who one-pager, his first ongoing work, Lazarus Churchyard with D'Israeli, appeared in Blast!, a short-lived British magazine. By 1994, Ellis had begun working for Marvel Comics, where he took over the series Hellstorm: Prince of Lies with issue number 12, which he wrote until its cancellation after issue number 21, he did some work on the Marvel 2099 imprint, most notably in a storyline in which a futuristic Doctor Doom took over the United States.
Other notable early Marvel work is a run on a superhero series set in Britain. He wrote a four-issue arc of Thor called "Worldengine", in which he revamped both the character and book, tackled Wolverine with then-rising star Leinil Francis Yu. Ellis started working for DC Comics, Caliber Comics, Image Comics' Wildstorm studio, where he wrote the Gen¹³ spin-off DV8 and took over Stormwatch, a action-oriented team book, to which he gave a more idea- and character-driven flavor, he wrote issues 37–50 with artist Tom Raney, the 11 issues of volume two with artists Oscar Jimenez and Bryan Hitch. Hitch and he followed that with the Stormwatch spin-off The Authority, a cinematic super-action series for which Ellis coined the term "widescreen comics". In 1997, Ellis started Transmetropolitan, a creator-owned series about an acerbic "gonzo" journalist in a dystopian future America, co-created with artist Darick Robertson and published by DC's Helix imprint; when Helix was discontinued the following year, Transmetropolitan was shifted to the Vertigo imprint, remained one of the most successful nonsuperhero comics DC was publishing.
Transmetropolitan ran for 60 issues, ending in 2002, the entire run was collected in a series of trade paperbacks. It remains Ellis's largest work to date. Planetary, another Wildstorm series by Ellis and John Cassaday, launched in 1999, as did Ellis's short run on the DC/Vertigo series Hellblazer, he left that series when DC announced, following the Columbine High School massacre, that it would not publish "Shoot", a Hellblazer story about school shootings, although the story had been written and illustrated prior to the Columbine massacre. Planetary concluded in October 2009 with the release of issue 27. Ellis returned to Marvel Comics as part of the company's "Revolution" event, to head the "Counter-X" line of titles; this project was intended to revitalise the X-Men spin-off books Generation X, X-Man, X-Force, but it was not successful, Ellis stayed away from mainstream superhero comics for a time. In 2002, Ellis started Global Frequency, a 12-issue limited series for Wildstorm, continued to produce work for various publishers, including DC, Avatar Comics, AiT/Planet Lar and Homage Comics.
In 2004, Ellis came back to mainstream superhero comics. He took over Ultimate Fantastic Four and Iron Man for Marvel under a temporary exclusive work for hire contract. Toward the end of 2004, Ellis released the "Apparat Singles Group", which he described as "An imaginary line of comics singles. Four imaginary first issues of imaginary series from an imaginary line of comics, even"; the Apparat titles carried only the Apparat logo on their covers. In 2006, Ellis worked for DC on Jack Cross, not well received and was subsequently cancelled. For Marvel, he worked on a 12-issue limited series, he worked on the Ultimate Galactus trilogy. Ellis took over the Thunderbolts monthly title, which deals with the aftermath of the Marvel Civil War crossover. In honour of the 20th anniversary of Marvel's New Universe in 2006, Ellis and illustrator Salvador Larroca created a new series that reimagines the New Universe under the title newuniversal; the firs
Kurt Busiek is an American comic book writer. His work includes the Marvels limited series, his own series titled Astro City, a four-year run on The Avengers. Busiek was born in Massachusetts, he grew up in various towns in the Boston area, including Lexington, where he befriended future comic book creator Scott McCloud. Busiek did not read comics as his parents disapproved of them, he began to read them around the age of 14, when he picked up a copy of Daredevil #120. This was the first part of a continuity-heavy four-part story arc. Throughout high school and college, he and McCloud practiced making comics. During this time, Busiek had many letters published in comic book letter columns, originated the theory that the Phoenix was a separate being who had impersonated Jean Grey, that therefore Grey had not died — a premise which made its way from freelancer to freelancer, and, used in the comics. Busiek explains, "A couple of years after I’d broken in, I attended my first convention as a pro, in Ithaca, New York, I stayed at Roger Stern's house.
And we were talking about how much we liked the new X-Men, he said,'It's just a pity there's no way to bring Jean Grey back,' and I said,'Sure there's a way, there's always a way.'" During the last semester of his senior year, Busiek submitted some sample scripts to editor Dick Giordano at DC Comics. None of them sold, but they did get him invitations to pitch other material to DC editors, which led to his first professional work, a back-up story in Green Lantern #162. After writing four fill-in issues of Power Man and Iron Fist, he was given the series as his first regular assignment. Busiek was a fan of the work his predecessor, Mary Jo Duffy, had done on Power Man and Iron Fist, emulated her lighthearted, humorous approach, not knowing that the editorial staff disapproved of this approach and had taken Duffy off the series because of it, he was fired from the series for the same reasons as Duffy, after only six issues as its regular writer. In 1985, he wrote a Red Tornado limited series. In 1993, Busiek and artist Alex Ross produced the Marvels limited series which, as comics historian Matthew K.
Manning notes, "reinvigorated painted comics as a genre, went on to become an acclaimed masterpiece, spawned more than its own fair share of imitators." Busiek and Pat Olliffe crafted the Untold Tales of Spider-Man series beginning in September 1995. He created the Thunderbolts, a group of super-villains disguised as super-heroes, with the final page of the first issue of the series revealing that the Thunderbolts were the Masters of Evil, a surprise twist guarded by Marvel. In February 1998, Busiek launched The Avengers vol. 3 with penciler George Pérez and Iron Man vol. 3 with artist Sean Chen. Busiek and Carlos Pacheco collaborated on the Avengers Forever limited series in 1998–1999; this replaced the Avengers: World in Chains series which the two had planned to work on. Busiek continued as writer of The Avengers through 2002, collaborating with artists such as Alan Davis and Kieron Dwyer, his tenure culminated with the "Kang Dynasty" storyline. In 2003, Busiek re-teamed with Pérez to create the JLA/Avengers limited series.
Busiek has worked on a number of different titles in his career, including Arrowsmith, The Liberty Project, The Power Company, Superman: Secret Identity, JLA, the award-winning Kurt Busiek's Astro City. In the 1990s, work on some of Busiek's more challenging, less mainstream projects, most notably Astro City, was delayed by health problems brought about by mercury poisoning. In 2004, Busiek began a new Conan series for Dark Horse Comics. In December 2005, he signed a two-year exclusive contract with DC Comics. During DC's Infinite Crisis event, he teamed with Geoff Johns on a "One Year Later" eight-part story arc titled "Up, Up and Away!" that encompassed both Superman titles. In addition, he began writing the DC title Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis from issues #40–49. Busiek became the sole writer of the Superman series with issue #654 and Carlos Pacheco became the series' artist. Busiek and Pacheco developed an extended storyine featuring Arion coming into conflict with Superman; the plotline concluded in Superman Annual #13.
Busiek wrote a 52-issue weekly DC miniseries titled Trinity, starring Batman and Wonder Woman. Each issue except for the first featured a 12-page main story by Busiek, with art by Mark Bagley, a ten-page backup story co-written by Busiek and Fabian Nicieza, with art from various artists, including Tom Derenick, Mike Norton and Scott McDaniel. Busiek teamed with Alex Ross on Dynamite Entertainment's Kirby: Genesis, an eight-issue miniseries which debuted in 2011; the series, their first full collaboration since Marvels 17 years previous, featured a large group of Jack Kirby's creator-owned characters, the rights to which were acquired by Dynamite, such as Silver Star, Captain Victory, Galaxy Green, Tiger 21 and the Ninth Men. Ross co-plotted, handled designs, oversaw the series overall with Busiek, who scripted the story. In June 2013, Busiek relaunched his Astro City series as part of DC's Vertigo line. Busiek commented that "Astro City's always been aimed at a more sophisticated reader, which I think suits Vertigo.
Plus our backlist sales are closer to a Vertigo pattern than DCU." The ongoing Astro City series concluded as of issue #52 in 2018. Busiek is married to Ann Busiek. Both Kurt and Ann Busiek were rendered by Alex Ross as New Yorkers who react to the invasion of Silver Surfer and Galactus on page 17 of Marvels #3. Kurt is used as the model for a wandering drunk on page 33 o
Elseworlds was the publication imprint for American comic books produced by DC Comics for stories that took place outside the DC Universe canon. The Gotham by Gaslight graphic novel, featuring Batman, is considered to be the first official Elseworlds story; the "Elseworlds" name was trademarked in the same year as the first Elseworlds publication. From 1942 to the mid-1980s during the 1960s — the Silver Age of Comic Books era — DC Comics began to make a distinction between the continuity of its fictional universe and stories with plots that did not fit that continuity; these out-of-continuity stories came to be called Imaginary Stories. The title page of "Superman, Cartoon Hero!" Stated that the story was "Our first imaginary story", continued to say: "In 1942, a series of Superman shorts started showing throughout the U. S.! So, with tongue in cheek, the DC team turned out this story of what might have happened if Lois Lane had decided to see... Superman, Cartoon Hero!". The story opens with Lois determined to learn Superman's secret identity and going to the theater to see the Max Fleisher Superman short "Mad Scientist" in hopes of seeing the animated Man of Steel reveal his secret identity.
In addition to other things, when the opening credits roll and state that the cartoons are based on DC Comics, Lois Lane states that she has never heard of DC Comics. Clark Kent wonders if the people there are clairvoyant. In the final panel, Clark Kent exchanges a knowing wink with the image of himself as Superman on the movie screen. Craig Shutt, author of the Comics Buyer's Guide column Ask Mr. Silver Age, states that true imaginary stories differed from stories that were dreams and hoaxes. Dreams and hoaxes were "gyps" on account of "not having happened", whilst true imaginary stories were canonical at least unto themselves. Since they were "just" imaginary and thus had no bearing on the characters’ regular stories, imaginary stories could show things like people dying and the victory of evil. In the optimistic and hopeful Silver Age of Comics, such stories would not be told. Most of these imaginary stories featured alternate histories of characters, such as "The Amazing Story of Superman-Red and Superman Blue!".
There, readers did not happen. One such story has Superman being raised by apes in imitation of Tarzan, an idea that would be recycled into a Elseworlds tale where Tarzan and Superman were switched at birth. Possible present times were shown, such as one story where Jonathan and Martha Kent, touched by pity, adopt a orphaned Bruce Wayne and raise him along with their own son, Clark. Thus, the present shows Superman and Batman as brothers, with Clark protecting Gotham and working for the Gotham Gazette instead of living in Metropolis, Batman inviting his foster parents, the Kents, to live with him in Wayne Manor. In keeping with the fact that imaginary stories allowed for much grimmer stories than usual, the story ended with Lex Luthor killing the Kents and Batman trying to murder him in revenge. Possible futures that "could well happen" were explored, such as Clark Kent revealing to Lois Lane his secret identity and marrying her. Futures that "perhaps never will" happen were examined, such as the permanent death of Superman.
Imaginary Stories appeared enough that some comics – such as Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane #15, the cover of which appears to depict Superman marrying Lois Lane – had to assure readers that their contents were not "imaginary". The cover of Lois Lane #59, by contrast, promised that its depiction of Lois as romantic rival of Lara, Jor-El's girlfriend and future mother of Superman, was "real--not imaginary!". A few Imaginary Stories appeared in other DC publications. Batman editor Jack Schiff supervised stories in which the Dark Knight starts a family or loses his identity, though these were revealed at the end of the story to be stories written by Alfred. Schiff's stories were notable for the first appearance of the original Bruce Wayne Junior. Writer/editor Robert Kanigher supervised Wonder Woman's own series of Imaginary Stories called Impossible Tales which featured the same principle. There, Wonder Woman appeared along with Wonder Girl and Wonder Tot. However, the majority of Imaginary Stories were published in various Superman comics under the guidance of Superman editor Mort Weisinger, the "King of Imaginary Stories".
This was in part because, according to Shutt, Weisinger aimed for younger readers instead of older ones. Editors such as Julius Schwartz used the Imaginary Stories concept. Alan Moore's "Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?" two-part story in Superman #423 and Action Comics #583 in 1986 was the last pre-Crisis story to use the Imaginary Stories label. The first Elseworlds title was Gotham by Gaslight, written by Brian Augustyn and drawn by Mike Mignola, which featured a Victorian Age version of the superhero Batman hunting Jack the Ripper, who had come to Gotham City; the title was not published as an Elseworlds comic, but its success led to the creation of the Elseworlds imprint and this title was retroactively declared the first Elseworlds story. The first book to feature the Elseworlds logo was Batman: Holy Terror in 1991. In 1994, the Elseworlds imprint was used as the theme for the annual edition comic books of that summer. DC sporadically published various Elseworlds titles from 1989 to 2003.
In August 2003, editor Mike Carlin mentioned that DC had scaled back the production of Elseworlds books in order to "put the luster back on them." Several titles that were announced as Elseworlds bo
James Robinson (writer)
James Dale Robinson is a British writer of American comic books and screenplays, known for his interest in vintage collectibles and memorabilia. Some of his best known comics are series focusing on the Justice Society of America, in particular the Starman character he co-created with Tony Harris. James Robinson has been writing for over two decades, with an early comics work, "Grendel: The Devil's Whisper", appearing in the 1989 series of the British anthology A1; the series for which he is arguably most renowned is the DC Comics series Starman, where he took the aging Golden Age character of the same name and revitalized both the character and all those who had used the name over the decades, weaving them into an interconnected whole. In 1997, Robinson's work on the title garnered him an Eisner Award for "Best Serialized Story", he is known for his The Golden Age limited series, despite being an Elseworlds story, established much of the backstory he would use in Starman. He has written the Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight series, served as a consultant and co-writer in the first year of JSA and its subsequent spin-off Hawkman.
Other work for DC includes the Sandman spin-off Witchcraft for Vertigo. Robinson wrote a brief run of Wildcats, teamed with artist Travis Charest, that further developed the book's mythology, along with a spinoff mini-series called Team One, he served as a transitional writer on the Marvel Comics titles and Generation X in 1997–1998 including the "Operation: Zero Tolerance" crossover event. He wrote several issues of the "Heroes Reborn" version of Captain America Leave It to Chance, created by Robinson with penciller Paul Smith, won Robinson two more Eisner Awards in 1997, for "Best New Series" and "Best Title for Younger Readers", his other work includes Ectokid, one of the series created by horror/fantasy novelist Clive Barker for Marvel Comics' Razorline imprint, Firearm for Malibu Comics' Ultraverse line. In 2006, Robinson wrote Batman and Detective Comics, penning the eight-issue "Face The Face" storyline, as part of the "One Year Later" project. In 2008–2010, Robinson was the writer of Superman.
This run included the storyline "The Coming of Atlas". He wrote the 2009–2010 mini-series Justice League: Cry for Justice and began writing Justice League of America in October 2009 with art by Mark Bagley. Robinson was joined by artist Brett Booth on Justice League of America in February 2011. In May 2010, Robinson and Sterling Gates co-wrote, with artist Eddy Barrows, War of the Supermen, a Superman-based event, the culmination of two years of story starting from Superman: New Krypton, he concluded his work on Superman with issue #700. Robinson wrote a twelve-issue series starring The Shade, a character identified with his Starman series and recreated Earth 2 in an eponymous ongoing series for DC's The New 52 initiative in 2011 and 2012. One of the revisions which Robinson introduced was making the Earth Two Green Lantern gay. In May 2013, Robinson ended his long relationship with DC Comics, his last issue of Earth 2 was #16. Many observers found the departure abrupt, since Robinson had teased of long term plans for Earth 2.
Despite the abrupt nature of Robinson's departure from DC, Robinson's relationship with the company remains amicable. Robinson took new assignments from Marvel Comics after then, his first announced project for Marvel was a collaboration with co-writer Mark Waid and illustrator Gabriele Dell'Otto on an original graphic novel titled Spider-Man: Family Business. A second announced project for Marvel was All-New Invaders, an ongoing monthly comic series with artist Steve Pugh, he and Leonard Kirk launched a new Fantastic Four series in February 2014. The Saviors was released in December 2013 by Image Comics; this story described what happens when Tomas Ramirez, a man working at a gas station stumbles upon an extraterrestrial plot that could mean the end of the Earth. Dynamite Entertainment will publish a monthly series by Robinson, his description of the series is "Grand Passion is a departure from what I've been doing in the last few years. This series is about two wayward characters Doc and Mabel – one a cop, the other a crook – who are fated to fall in love at first sight as Mabel swears she'll kill Doc if it's the last thing she does.
It marries elements of a Harlequin romance with hard-boiled crime and takes it off in a direction that's surprising, funny and sexy. I'm excited to roll up my sleeves and immerse myself in writing this tale."He wrote an ongoing Scarlet Witch series for Marvel which began in late 2015. Robinson explained that he has been influenced by the work of Matt Fraction and David Aja on the Hawkeye title stating "How they managed to stay true to the character in the Avengers while taking it in a fresh direction, so it wasn't just that same Avengers character doing solo things, which I don't think really works for any sustained period of time for any of those second-tier characters."Robinson returned to DC Comics in late 2017 to write Wonder Woman. He completed his run on the series as of issue #50. In addition to his work in comics, Robinson wrote the screenplay for the 1993 direct-to-video film Firearm, wrote and directed the 2002 feature Comic Book Villains, starring Cary Elwes and Michael Rapaport, as well as producing the screenplay for the 1995 film Cyber Bandits with Martin Kemp, Alexandra Paul, Grace Jones and singer Adam Ant.
His best known screenplay was for the 2003 movie version of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. This last script caused some controversy among fans of the original work, many of whom were disappointed an established comics writer's take on Alan Moore's and Kevin O'Neill's
Multiverse (DC Comics)
The Multiverse, within DC Comics publications, is a "cosmic construct" collecting many of the fictional universes in which the published stories take place. The worlds in this multiverse share a space and fate in common, its structure has changed several times in the history of DC Comics; the concept of a universe and a multiverse in which the fictional stories take place was loosely established during the Golden Age. With the publication of All-Star Comics #3 in 1940, the first crossover between characters occurred with the creation of the Justice Society of America, which presented the first superhero team with characters appearing in other publications to bring attention to less-known characters; this established the first shared "universe". Prior to this publication, characters from the different comic books existed in different worlds. Wonder Woman #59 presented DC Comics' first story depicting a parallel "mirror" world. Wonder Woman is transported to a twin Earth where she meets Tara Terruna, like her.
Tara Terruna means "Wonder Woman" in the native language of that world. Wonder Woman describes this world as being a twin world existing alongside Earth with duplicates of everyone but with a different development; the concept of different versions of the world and its heroes was revisited in the pages of Wonder Woman a few times later. Led by editor Julius Schwartz and writer Gardner Fox, DC Comics' super heroes were given a "reboot" with the publication of Showcase #4 in 1956, where a new version of the Flash made his first appearance; the success of this new Flash led to the creation of new incarnations of the Golden Age characters who only shared the names and powers but had different secret identities and stories. New versions of other heroes, Superman and Wonder Woman, were restarted by retelling their origins but keeping their secret identities. Gardner Fox, who worked before in the creation of the JSA, where other heroes met for the first time, created the story "Flash of Two Worlds" in The Flash #123, where Barry Allen, the new Flash, is transported to the Earth where the original Flash, Jay Garrick, existed.
To Allen, Jay Garrick's world was a work of fiction. This story not only presented the encounter of two worlds and the existence of the Multiverse for the first time, it presented key features of the Multiverse: all the universes vibrate at a specific frequency which keeps them separated; because people could "tune-in" these worlds in dreams, some people wrote comic books with the stories from those worlds they dreamed, which explained why Barry Allen knew about Jay Garrick as a fictional character. The success of this story led to the first team crossover between the new Justice League of America and the Golden Age JSA, in the stories "Crisis on Earth-One" and "Crisis on Earth-Two"; this story arc started the tradition of a yearly crossover between the JLA and the JSA, established the concept of a Multiverse and the designation of names, Earth-One being the JLA reality and Earth-Two the JSA reality. The success of these crossovers spawned publications telling the further stories of the Golden Age heroes in the present day parting from many of the stories told, establishing a more defined continuity for every universe.
This concept of parallel Earths with differences in locations and historical events became a important ingredient within DC Comics' publications. It helped to explain continuity errors, to retell and retcon stories, to incorporate foreign elements that could interact with everything else and allow them to have an "existence". Continuity flaws between the established Earth-Two and several stories from the Golden Age were given separate Earths. "Imaginary" stories and some time divergences of Earth-One were given separate realities. In addition to the stories appearing in the pages of JLA that created new Earths, the acquisition of other comic book companies and characters by DC Comics incorporated these new properties as Earths in the Multiverse which would interact several times with the "main" Earths and Two. By the 1970s, everything, published or related to DC Comics' titles could become part of the Multiverse, although much of it remained uncatalogued; the names of the worlds were in the format Earth, spelled numeral/letter/name.
In the case of worlds with numerals, the "rule" of spelling the number was not always followed within the pages of the same issue. As the 50th anniversary of DC Comics drew near, major events were proposed for the celebration: an encyclopedia and a crossover of the ages and worlds appearing in DC's comics; as told in the letter section of Crisis On Infinite Earths #1, as the research started in the late 1970s, it became evident that there were many flaws in continuity. The way used to circumvent some of these errors was the "Multiple Earths", which showed a chaotic nature that brought more continuity problems that were not explained or were left unexplained. Examples of this included: 1) Black Canary of Earth-One being the daughter of the original Black Canary of WWII though the original Black Canary was a resident of Earth-Two, 2) the existence of Golden Age comic books on Earth-One and the people not noticing that some of the characters i