HSN Home Shopping Network, is an American free-to-air television network owned by the Qurate Retail Group, which owns catalog company Cornerstone Brands. Based in the Gateway area of St. Petersburg, United States, the home shopping channel has former and current sister channels in several other countries. HSN has an online outlet at HSN.com. The forerunner of HSN was launched by Lowell "Bud" Paxson and Roy Speer in 1982 as the Home Shopping Club, a local cable channel seen on Vision Cable and Group W Cable in Pinellas County, Florida, it expanded into the first national shopping network three years on July 1, 1985, changing its name to the Home Shopping Network, pioneering the concept of a televised sales pitch for consumer goods and services. Its competitor and future owner QVC was launched the following year; the idea for HSN had its roots in a radio station managed by Paxson. Due to an advertiser's liquidity problem in 1977, the company was paid in can openers. Left with having to raise the funds, on-air personality Bob Circosta went on the radio and sold the can openers for $9.95 each.
The can openers sold out, an industry was born. Circosta became the new network's first home shopping host and would sell 75,000 different products in over 20,000 hours of live television. In 1986, HSN began a second network that broadcast free-to-air on a number of television stations it had acquired under the name Silver King Broadcasting. In 1999, the stations were sold to IAC founder Barry Diller and changed its name to USA Broadcasting, with a few of them ending HSN programming outside of overnight hours and taking on a local programming format equivalent to Toronto's Citytv. HSN continues to air on low-power stations. Ventana Television has the same street address as HSN, is the holding company for its broadcast licenses. In 1997, HSN formally launched its second nationwide electronic retail venture, a 24-hour network under the America's Store name. In April 2007, America's Store ceased operating permanently. Most of the America's Store hosts were absorbed into the HSN programming schedule.
In 1998, Home Shopping Network launched a Spanish-language service Home Shopping en Español on the Univision-owned Galavision subscription network. In 2000, the Spanish version rebranded itself as HSE and began broadcasting on low-power stations in the U. S. and Puerto Rico. It ceased to broadcast through Galavision. In June 2002, HSE ceased to operate. In 1999, the company launched HSN.com. In an attempt to engage with younger consumers in 2009, HSN produced a 14-episode online video series, Faces of Beautiful You, which follows three young women who find solutions to many of life's problems through HSN's beauty products; the campaign included a Facebook widget, character blogs, profiles for the three main characters on Twitter, MySpace, Facebook. In September 2000, Home Shopping Network changes its name to HSN. Mindy Grossman became CEO of HSN in 2006, aggressively reinvented and relaunched the brand, she took HSN public in 2008, has overseen its multibillion-dollar retail portfolio and multimedia expansion.
Grossman left HSNi in May 2017 to helm Weight Watchers. On August 19, 2012, HSN co-founder Roy Speer died after a long illness. Bud Paxson died on January 9, 2015. In April 2017, HSN CEO Mindy Grossman stepped down to assume the CEO position at Weight Watchers. On July 6, 2017, Liberty Interactive announced it would buy the remaining 62% of HSN stock it did not own in order to acquire the company for its QVC Group. QVC CEO Mike George would be CEO of the combined company. In September 2018, HSN had partnered with Pickler & Ben talk show for a "shop the show" feature that allows viewers to buy featured items From HSN via the show's website and HSN.com. On Friday, June 14, 2019, HSN ceased its 24/7 live broadcasting model. Live programming was rescheduled to be from 7am to 2am EST daily, with the midnight hour being repeated on a loop throughout the night. In August 2009, HSN launched a high definition simulcast feed, which broadcasts in the 1080i resolution format. At launch, it was carried by Time Warner Cable and Verizon FiOS, like the SD feed, is now carried by most pay-TV providers.
HSN2: HSN launched a companion channel, HSN2, on August 1, 2010, which acts as a timeshift channel carrying tape-delayed presentations of products and programming. Dish Network has carried it since launch. America's StoreAmerica's Store began in 1988 as the Home Shopping Club Overnight Service, which aired on broadcast stations around the United States from midnight to 9 a.m. and, in particular, on WWOR-TV from 3 to 6 a.m. in the New York City metropolitan area, along with its national superstation feed. In 1989, HSN purchased a number of low-power television stations and began operating the service 24 hours a day as Home Shopping Spree. In 1997, the name was changed again to America's Jewelry Store to reflect a switch to selling jewelry; this incarnation met with limited success, as a result, in 1998, the selection was expanded to include all of HSN's inventory categories, with the word "Jewelry" being removed from the network's name. In 2003, America's Store began to be carried on DirecTV.
The network went off the air in April 2007. HSN's U. S. operations are based in St. Petersburg, which houses its corporate headquarters and broadcasting facilities. Additional call center facilities are located in Ohio. Distribution centers are situated in Roanoke, Piney Flats and Fontana, California. In October, 2018 Quar
HCP Z1 - is a series of train carriages constructed by H. Cegielski in Poznań, which meet the UIC-Z1 standard for passenger train carriages. Several types of the wagons in the standard have been built, with over 100 units built; the main user of the carriages is PKP Intercity. The HCP Z1 is used by the Belarusian Railway and the Polski Tabor Szynowy. At the end of the 1970s, the first plans have been drawn up for passenger carriages with increased comfort which have the form of the UIC-Z2; the first two units of the carriage have been built by PaFaWag in 1980. The structure and use of the carriages have been drawn up by the H. Cegielski company to build the upcoming Z2. With the use of the plans of the 127A in Poznań warehouses to house the manufacture have been built where the 134Aa/b have been built; the first Z1 carriages in Poland were built by Adtranz/ABB. In the third quarter of 1996 the first 15 carriages of the ABB Z1A standard class have been delivered to PKP 35 carriages of the ABB Z1B have been delivered to Poland.
All of which were German production. These were the first carriages. At the same time three projects have been created for passenger carriages which were able to travel at the speed of 200 km/h - these were the 150A, 152A and 154A; the first 150A were built by the Pafawag company in Wrocław, which were built for the Polish 11ANa, which were presented in 1996 at the MTP. The carriages were converted into the 150C type and were designed to test the carriages - 11ANa first the 11ANc; the first serial producer of the UIC-Z1 in Poland became H. Cegielski. In the beginning it was believed the Polish company would register the carriages under the ABB Henschel company, but they decided to build the carriages with their own structure of the 145A and 145Ab. On the 31 December 1997 the company had completed their first 6 units of the 152A type and not long after the open saloon second class carriages 154A have been built. In 2000 two business class carriages of the 145Ac have been built and the first sleep carriage of the Z1 of the 305Ab.
At the Poznań International Fair the passenger carriages of the 152A and 305Ad have both won golden medals. The 154A won the Second Grand Prix at the International Railway Fair Kolej'98 in Bydgoszcz. In 2008 H. Cegielski delivered the first two units of the 305Ad2 sleeper carriages to the Belarusian Railway. 10 June 2010 another order for two similar types was signed for the transportation company. The Belarusian 305Ad2 which are based in Minsk travel through Poland to reach Basel and Amsterdam. Signed on the 8 April 2008 H. Cegielski signed a contract with PKP Intercity to deliver 17 passenger carriages in which included the 3×156A, 3×157A, 3×158A i 8×159A carriages; the deliveries began in 2010 with three 158A passenger carriages. In the same year the company delivered three 159A. On the 4 October 2010, due to a lateness in delivery a three-page agreement was signed between the manufacturer and the insurance company; this agreed to give back to PKP Intercity 21 million zł, in which the delivery ended at 14 carriages instead of the 17 ordered, the client had cancelled the 157A.
The new passenger carriages were given the use for Express EuroCity. On the 18 October 2012 PKP Intercity signed a contract with H. Cegielski for 25 new passenger carriages with a minimum speed of 160 km/h for the use for PKP Intercity from Wrocław to Gdynia. H. Cegielski suggested 164A, 165A, 166A and 167A, passenger carriages with a maximum speed of 200 km/h which agree with the UIC for the type Z1. H. Cegielski began the deliveries at the beginning of January 2014 delivering four units of 166A and two 167A. After delivering 167A the PKP Intercity Mieszko route began operating their route in the half of June 2014. Another 3 167A passenger carriages were delivered in July 2014, which made the second depot for the PKP Intercity Przemysław. Altogether 4 batches of passenger carriages have been delivered which included an additional buffet carriage
Gumi is the second largest city in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea. It is located on the Nakdong River, halfway between Daegu and Gimcheon lies on the Gyeongbu Expressway and Gyeongbu Line railway which are the principal traffic routes of the country; the city is an industrial center of the country with many companies, including Samsung Electronics and LG Display, having a manufacturing presence there. The primary industries are electronics, fibers, rubber and metal products. In Gumi, 1,772 companies employ over 80,000 workers, it is the largest scale in Korea. In 2009, the city exported the largest amount in the country and accounted for 96.9% of trade surplus of Korea in 2000 to 2009. The former President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, was born in the city. In the Three Kingdoms period, Gumi was part of the territory of the Silla Kingdom; the first Silla temple, Dori Temple, was constructed here. More the town was the birthplace of the South Korean president Park Chung-Hee. Not coincidentally, it was during his administration that the South Korean government selected Gumi as a site for major industrial development.
His birth home is a museum today. Gumi developed during the 1960s, growing from a small rural town into a large city thanks to huge infusions of development money from the government, it was selected for development for some practical reasons such as its easy access to transportation infrastructure, its location in the industrialized Yeongnam region. The city center of Gumi is divided into neighborhood units; the hinterland is divided into 6 myeon, or rural areas, 2 eup, or large villages: Seonsan-eup and Goa-eup. Famous people from Gumi include former South Korean president Park Chung-hee, his daughter Park Geun-hye, singer and I Am A Singer 4 finalist Hwang Chi-yeul, H. O. T. member Jang Woo-hyuk, singer and g.o.d member Kim Tae-woo, e-sports player Lee Yun-Yeol-known as "Genius Terran", girl group member AOA's Kim Chanmi, Kim Hyo Suk who obtained her doctoral degree in Art Therapy as the first person in Korea, as well as Ju Hyung Ahn, a world-renowned expert. Population: At present, the population of Gumi is 427,770.
Gumi was the homeground of the KB Insurance Stars volleyball team until July 2017, when the club relocated to Uijeongbu. The team played at the Park Chung-hee Gymnasium. Geumo Mountain Provincial Park is a popular hiking destination; the peak at 976 m above sea level is one of the eight famous spots in the Yeongman area and is the location of the start of the nature preservation campaign in Korea. The park has an amusement area called the Geumo reservoir. There are several interesting sites on the mountain that include:Doesan Cave named after the Buddhist monk Doesan who attained a state of nirvana in the cave, he was a master of the theory of "divination based on topography" in the Shilla dynasty. Daehye Waterfall is 27 m high and is beautiful during the rainy season when there is a lot of water flowing over it, it can be dry during periods without rain and is frozen in winter. The HaeUn Buddhist Temple is near the top of the cable car route; the Doesan Cave, Daehye Waterfall and HaeUn Buddhist Temple are reached by taking the cable car from the entrance of the park and hiking a short distance.
The YakSa Temple is an active Buddhist temple and is said to have been created to commemorate Saint Ulsang's attainment of nirvana. It is sited near the top of the mountain and can be reached both from the peak and by a trail from the bottom, it has a unique bell. The Ma Ae Cliff Buddha is carved into the corner of a cliff face and is thought to have been created during the Goryeo dynasty; the YakSa Temple and the Ma Ae cliff Buddha statue are both near the summit of Geumo Mountain and require about one to two hours of hiking to reach them. On September 27, 2012 workers at the Hube Global plant in Gumi were unloading hydrofluoric acid from a tanker when an explosion occurred causing about 8 tonnes of the acid to leak into the surrounding area; the leak caused 5 deaths and prompted more than 3000 people to seek medical attention at local hospitals. Local rice and grape crops were ruined. 3,200 livestock were exposed. The acid, which can etch glass and is used in the electronics industry, caused damage to at least 1,000 vehicles.
Total damage costs as of October 10, 2012 were about 16 million USD. Plano, United States Zhongli District, Taiwan Otsu, Japan Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Shenyang, People's Republic of China Changsha, People's Republic of China Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico Eindhoven, Netherlands Weinan, People's Republic of China Bangalore, India Geography of South Korea List of cities in South Korea Gumi travel guide from Wikivoyage City government website City government website City government website
Sumathi En Sundari is a 1971 Indian Tamil-language romantic comedy film, directed by C. V. Rajendran; the film stars Sivaji Jayalalithaa in lead roles. The film had musical score by M. S. Viswanathan, it is a remake of the 1967 Bengali film Nayika Sangbad. Sivaji Ganesan as Madhu Jayalalithaa as Sumathi / Sundari V. Gopalakrishnan as Chinnasamy K. A. Thangavelu as Rathnasamy Nagesh as Mannangatti Sundaram Sachu as Sachu / Saraswathi Thengai Srinivasan as Paramanandam Senthamarai as the station master Venniradai Moorthy as Moorthy Jayakumari as Dancer Sudarshan as Gundu Karuppaiah as Iyer S. N. Parvathy as Parvathi B. Vasantha Gemini Maali The music was composed by M. S. Viswanathan. Sumathi En Sundari was released on 14 April 1971. T. G. Vaidyanathan of Film World appreciated the film. Sumathi En Sundari on IMDb Sumadhi En Sundhari on YouTube
The Yorkshire Sculpture Park is an open-air gallery in West Bretton near Wakefield in West Yorkshire, showing work by British and international artists, including Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth. The park's collection of works by Moore is one of the largest open-air displays of his bronzes in Europe; the sculpture park occupies the 500-acre parkland of Bretton Hall and straddles the border of West Yorkshire and South Yorkshire. The Yorkshire Sculpture Park, opened in 1977, was the UK's first sculpture park based on the temporary open air exhibitions organised in London parks from the 1940s to 1970s by the Arts Council and London County Council. The'gallery without walls' has a changing exhibition programme, rather than permanent display as seen in other UK sculpture parks such as Grizedale Forest; the park is situated in the grounds of Bretton Hall, an 18th-century estate, a family home until the mid 20th century when it became Bretton Hall College. Follies, landscape features and architectural structures from the 18th century can be seen around the park including the deer park and deer shelter, an ice house, a camellia house.
Artists working at YSP, such as Andy Goldsworthy in 2007, take their inspiration from its architectural, historical or natural environment. Since the 1990s, Yorkshire Sculpture Park has made use of indoor exhibition spaces a Bothy Gallery and a temporary tent-like structure called the Pavilion Gallery. After an extensive refurbishment and expansion, YSP has added an underground gallery space in the Bothy garden, exhibition spaces at Longside, its programme consists of modern sculpture. British sculpture is well represented in the past exhibition programme and semi-permanent installations. Many British sculptors prominent in the 1950s and 1960s have been the subject of solo exhibitions at YSP, including Lynn Chadwick, Austin Wright, Phillip King, Eduardo Paolozzi, Hans Josephsohn, Kenneth Armitage. Exhibitions tend to be monographic -- rather than thematic; the redundant Grade II* listed St Bartholomew's Chapel, West Bretton built by William Wentworth in 1744 has been restored as gallery space.
Longside Gallery is a space for sculpture overlooking Yorkshire Sculpture Park. The Arts Council Collection and Yorkshire Sculpture Park share Longside Gallery for an alternating programme of exhibitions. Between exhibitions, Longside Gallery is used for outreach activities and events. In July 2019, the new visitor centre housing a gallery and shop, made the shortlist for the Stirling Prize for excellence in architecture. List of sculpture parks Yorkshire Sculpture Park website Arts Council case study on the Yorkshire Sculpture Park
WGTL was a radio station licensed to Kannapolis, North Carolina. It operated on 870 kHz with a power of 1000 watts, non-directional; the call letters were chosen to represent a common slogan for its city of license, "World's Greatest Textile Land." WGTL has been off the air since 1992. The 870 frequency in the Charlotte market first went on the air with the call letters WGTL in 1946, it was owned and operated by Fred H. Whitley. From 1946 to 1948, the station had studios in downtown Concord at the Hotel Concord. From 1948 to 1992, the studios were co-located with the transmitter on Highway 29 across from the Carolina Mall; the 960 frequency in the market first went on the air with the call letters WAAK in the town of Dallas, North Carolina on January 1, 1963. The station was applied for by Wayne M. Nelson and was to be licensed in Concord with 1000 watts daytime and nighttime. In 1960. Fred Whitley, owner of WGTL applied for the frequency as a daytime-only station in Dallas in order to keep new competition out of his market.
He won the construction permit for the station in Dallas, took the call letters WAAK off the top of the Federal Communications Commission call letter list, refurbished WGTL's studio and put the old WGTL console in Dallas. WGTL was built for Whitley by Foy T. Hinson, a local radio repair shop owner who developed an interest in broadcast electronics during his service in World War II. Hinson was the Chief Engineer for the station until December 1961. During the previous year, he had applied for a station of his own, had constructed the facilities without the knowledge of WGTL's owner, Mr. Whitley. Hinson resigned from WGTL the last week of November, signed on WRKB-AM 1460 in Kannapolis the next week. William E. Rumple became the Chief Engineer of the station from that time until it went dark in 1992. Although licensed to Kannapolis, North Carolina, both studio and transmitter were within the corporate limits of Concord, North Carolina, for the last 15 years of its existence; the station was able to do this because Kannapolis was an unincorporated city until 1984, lacking definite city boundaries allowed the station to be built closer to the commercial center of Cabarrus County than would be allowed.
From 1948 until 1992, WGTL was known as a Big Band and Easy Listening format, but had blocks of its day set aside for Country music and religious programming. Each day began and ended with "The Lord's Prayer," which the station played when it first signed on. WGTL was most remembered for playing all Christmas music between Thanksgiving and Christmas Day, doing it decades before it became fashionable for Charlotte-area FM stations to do so and earning significant advertising business during the season. Following bankruptcy and an extensive eviction proceeding, WGTL signed off for good at sunset, December 25, 1992; the tower was dismantled two years later. Fred H. Whitley moved to Nevada. Radio station WGHC licensed in Clayton, changed its community of license to Mount Holly, North Carolina, in 2009; when the move occurred, the station changed broadcast frequencies from 1370 kHz to 870 kHz, the dial position occupied by WGTL. The new call letters for the relocated station are WTCG; the WGTL call letters are unassigned, but not available for assignment, by the Federal Communications Commission