Jennifer Tilly is an American-Canadian actress, voice actress, poker player. She is most recognised as Tiffany Valentine in the Child's Play franchise, her first notable acting role was on the sitcom Shaping Up, which she followed with her film debut in No Small Affair the same year. She is known for comedic timing. Tilly is a World Series of Poker Ladies' Event bracelet winner, the first celebrity to win a World Series tournament, she is the older sister of actress Meg Tilly. Tilly came to prominence when she received an Academy Award nomination for her portrayal of Olive Neal in Woody Allen's 1994 film Bullets over Broadway, she earned further acclaim, as well as Saturn Award and MTV Award nominations, for her performance in the Wachowskis' 1996 neo-noir thriller Bound. Her other film appearances include Let It Ride; the Haunted Mansion, Home on the Range, Terry Gilliam's Tideland. She is recognised as an "icon" in the horror film community for her portrayal of Tiffany Valentine in the Child's Play franchise.
She is known for providing the voice of Bonnie Swanson on the animated television series Family Guy. Tilly was the recipient of a Theatre World Award in 1993 for her performance in the Off-Broadway play One Shoe Off, her other stage credits Don't Dress for Dinner. Tilly was born Jennifer Ellen Chan in Los Angeles, she is the first daughter of Harry Chan, a used car salesman, Patricia, a Canadian schoolteacher and former stage actress. Her father was of Chinese descent and her mother was of Irish, First Nations and Finnish ancestry, she has an older brother and two younger sisters and Rebecca. Following her parents' divorce when she was five, Tilly was raised by her mother and stepfather, John Ward, on rural Texada Island, British Columbia, her mother divorced again when Tilly was 16, moved to Victoria, where Tilly attended Belmont High School. Tilly holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Theater from Stephens College in Missouri. In 1983, Tilly had small roles and had a recurring guest role on Hill Street Blues as Gina Srignoli, a mobster's widow who becomes romantically involved with detective Henry Goldblume.
She played Frasier Crane's seductive-but-ditzy date Candi Pearson on an episode of the fourth season of Cheers and appeared as a similar character on the eleventh season of Frasier. She appeared, she was cast as a high-end prostitute on the short-lived comedy Key West, alongside Fisher Stevens. In 1989, she had a prominent role in the comedy Let It Ride. Tilly's breakthrough film role was as a singing waitress in The Fabulous Baker Boys in a role, written specially for her by Steve Kloves, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as a hopelessly bad actress in Woody Allen's Bullets over Broadway but she lost to her co-star Dianne Wiest. In 1994, she had a small role in The Getaway with Alec Baldwin and Kim Basinger. Tilly starred in Bound, directed by The Wachowskis, which portrays a lesbian relationship her character has with Gina Gershon, she played Samantha Cole in the Jim Carrey comedy Liar Liar. In Dancing at the Blue Iguana, she played part-time dominatrix.
She portrayed gossip columnist Louella Parsons in the Peter Bogdanovich historical drama The Cat's Meow. She gained additional popularity around that time for her portrayal of serial killer Tiffany Valentine in several of the Child's Play horror movie series; the character was first introduced in the fourth installment of the franchise, Bride of Chucky, subsequently appeared in Seed of Chucky, Curse of Chucky, the most recent film, Cult of Chucky. In Seed of Chucky, she plays a dual role, providing the voice for Tiffany and playing an exaggerated version of herself; the performance earned her nominations for the Fangoria Chainsaw Award for Best Actress and the MTV Movie Award for Best Scared-As-Shit Performance. In 2001, she starred as Crystal Allen in the Broadway revival of The Women. In 2002 she played Fanny Minafer in the made-for-TV remake of Orson Welles' The Magnificent Ambersons, she is a semi-regular cast member on Family Guy, voicing the Griffin family's neighbor, Bonnie Swanson. She has done voice-over work for the films Monsters, Inc.
Stuart Little and Home on the Range, as well as the children's series Hey Arnold!. In Disney's The Haunted Mansion, she portrays Madame Leota, she has been active in the theatre, winning a Theater World Award for her performance in the off-Broadway play One Shoe Off. She had a starring role on the sitcom Out of Practice, which starred Henry Winkler and Stockard Channing; the series was cancelled in May 2006. About this time, Tilly started dividing her time between professional poker. By the end of 2008, she returned to her television career. In 2009, Tilly made her Chinese film debut in the Christina Yao film Empire of Silver playing Mrs. Landdeck. In 2012, she returned to Broadway in Don't Dress for Dinner, garnering an Audience Choice Award nomination for her portrayal of mistress Suzanne. In 2013, she starred in the Wallace Shawn/Andre Gregory collaboration Grasses of a Thousand Colors which premiered at the Royal Court Theatre in London in 2009 and moved to the Joseph Pa
Dorothy Ann Willis Richards was an American politician and 45th Governor of Texas. A Democrat, she first came to national attention as the Texas State Treasurer, when she delivered the keynote address at the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Richards was the second female governor of Texas and was noted in the media for her outspoken feminism and her one-liners. Born in McLennan County, Ann Richards became a schoolteacher after graduating from Baylor University, she won election to the Travis County Commissioners' Court in 1976 and took office as Texas State Treasurer in 1983. She delivered a nominating speech for Walter Mondale at the 1984 Democratic National Convention and the keynote address at the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Richards won the 1990 Texas gubernatorial election, defeating Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox in a Democratic primary run-off election and businessman Clayton Williams in the general election, she was defeated in the 1994 Texas gubernatorial election by George W. Bush.
She remained active in public life until her death in 2006. To date, Richards remains the last Democrat to serve as Governor of Texas. Richards was born Dorothy Ann Willis in Lakeview, in McLennan County, the only child of Robert Cecil Willis and Mildred Iona Warren, she grew up in Waco, participated in Girls State, graduated from Waco High School in 1950. She attended Baylor University on a Debate team scholarship, earned a bachelor's degree. After marrying high school sweetheart David "Dave" Richards, she moved to Austin, where she earned a teaching certificate from the University of Texas. David and Ann Richards had four children Cecile, Daniel and Ellen. Richards taught social studies and history at Fulmore Junior High School in Austin from 1955 to 1956, she campaigned for Texas liberals and progressives such as Henry B. Gonzalez, Ralph Yarborough, future U. S. District Judge Sarah T. Hughes. By the 1970s, Richards was an accomplished political worker, having worked to elect liberal Democrats Sarah Weddington and Wilhelmina Delco to the Texas Legislature, having presented training sessions throughout the state on campaign techniques for women candidates and managers.
She supported ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, presenting the amendment to the delegates of the National Women's Conference, held in Houston in 1978, but the amendment was never ratified by enough states to become part of the Constitution. In 1976, Richards ran against and defeated a three-term incumbent on the four-member Travis County, Texas Commissioners' Court. During this time, her marriage ended. Richards' drinking became more pronounced, she sought and completed treatment for alcoholism in 1980. Richards and her ex-husband were estranged after the divorce. After incumbent Texas State Treasurer Warren G. Harding became mired in legal troubles in 1982, Richards won the Democratic nomination for that post. Winning election against a Republican opponent in November that year, Richards became the first woman elected to statewide office in more than fifty years. In 1986, she was re-elected treasurer without opposition. Richards was a popular and proactive treasurer who worked to maximize the return of Texas state investments.
Richards said that when she took office, the Treasury Department was run something like a 1930s country bank, with deposits that didn't earn interest. At the 1984 Democratic National Convention, Richards delivered one of the nominating speeches for nominee Walter Mondale, she campaigned for the Mondale/Ferraro ticket in Texas though President Ronald Reagan enjoyed great popularity in her state. Richards' keynote address to the 1988 Democratic National Convention put her in the national spotlight; the speech was critical of the Reagan Administration and then-Vice President George H. W. Bush, her address was notable for including several humorous remarks displaying her down-home Texas charm such as: "I'm delighted to be here with you this evening, because after listening to George Bush all these years, I figured you needed to know what a real Texas accent sounds like", "Poor George, he can't help it. He was born with a silver foot in his mouth", "…two women in 160 years is about par for the course.
But if you give us a chance, we can perform. After all, Ginger Rogers did everything, she just did it backwards and in high heels." And "When we pay billions for planes that won't fly, billions for tanks that won't fire, billions for systems that won't work, that old dog won't hunt. And you don't have to be from Waco to know that when the Pentagon makes crooks rich and doesn't make America strong, that it's a bum deal." Richards' convention address has been cited by rhetorical experts as a significant speech. The speech set the tone for her political future. In 1989, with co-author Peter Knobler, she wrote her autobiography, Straight from the Heart: My Life in Politics and Other Places. In 1990, Texas' Republican governor, Bill Clements, decided not to run for re-election to a third nonconsecutive term. Richards painted herself as a sensible progressive, won the Democratic gubernatorial nomination against Attorney General Jim Mattox of Dallas and former Governor Mark White of Houston. Mattox ran a abrasive campaign against Richards, accusing her of having had drug problems beyond alcoholism.
The Republicans nominated colorful multi-millionaire rancher Clayton W. Williams, Jr. of Fort Stockton and Midland. Republican political activist Susan Weddington of San Antonio, a William
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, are most classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat, for milk, for hides, which are used to make leather, they are used as riding animals and draft animals. Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to create fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. Cattle small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets. Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a mapped genome; some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, cattle raiding one of the earliest forms of theft. Cattle were identified as three separate species: Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle.
The aurochs is ancestral to both taurine cattle. These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Bos taurus primigenius, Bos taurus indicus, Bos taurus taurus. Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other related species. Hybrid individuals and breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu, but between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks and gaur. Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well; the hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious – for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle and yak. However, cattle cannot be hybridized with more distantly related bovines such as water buffalo or African buffalo; the aurochs ranged throughout Europe, North Africa, much of Asia. In historical times, its range became restricted to Europe, the last known individual died in Mazovia, Poland, in about 1627.
Breeders have attempted to recreate cattle of similar appearance to aurochs by crossing traditional types of domesticated cattle, creating the Heck cattle breed. The noun cattle encompasses both sexes; the singular, technically means the female, the male being bull. The plural form cows is sometimes used colloquially to refer to both sexes collectively, as e.g. in a herd, but that usage can be misleading as the speaker's intent may indeed be just the females. The bovine species per se is dimorphic. Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals, it was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale'principal sum of money, capital', itself derived in turn from Latin caput'head'. Cattle meant movable personal property livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property; the word is a variant of chattel and related to capital in the economic sense. The term replaced earlier Old English feoh ` property', which survives today as fee; the word "cow" came via Anglo-Saxon cū, from Common Indo-European gʷōus = "a bovine animal", compare Persian: gâv, Sanskrit: go-, Welsh: buwch.
The plural cȳ became ki or kie in Middle English, an additional plural ending was added, giving kine, but kies and others. This is the origin of the now archaic English plural, "kine"; the Scots language singular is coo or cou, the plural is "kye". In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. "Wild cattle" may refer to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. Today, when used without any other qualifier, the modern meaning of "cattle" is restricted to domesticated bovines. In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world, but with minor differences in the definitions; the terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British-influenced parts of the world such as Canada, New Zealand and the United States. An "intact" adult male is called a bull. A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. An unbranded bovine of either sex is called a maverick in the Canada.
An adult female that has had a calf is a cow. A young female before she has had a calf of her own and is under three years of age is called a heifer. A young female that has had only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. Young cattle of both sexes are called calves until they are weaned weaners until they are a year old in some areas. After that, they are referred to as stirks if between one and two years of age. A castrated male is called a steer in the United States.
Richard Charles Rodgers was an American composer of music, with over 900 songs and 43 Broadway musicals, leaving a legacy as one of the most significant composers of 20th century American music. He is best known for his songwriting partnerships with the lyricists Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II, his compositions have had a significant impact on popular music. Rodgers was the first person to win what are considered the top American entertainment awards in television, recording and Broadway – an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, a Tony Award — now known collectively as an EGOT. In addition, he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize, making him one of only two people to receive all five awards. Born into a prosperous German Jewish family in Arverne, New York City, Rodgers was the son of Mamie and Dr. William Abrahams Rodgers, a prominent physician who had changed the family name from Abrahams. Richard began playing the piano at age six, he attended P. S. 166, Townsend Harris Hall and DeWitt Clinton High School.
Rodgers spent his early teenage summers in Camp Wigwam. Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, collaborator Oscar Hammerstein II all attended Columbia University. At Columbia, Rodgers joined the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity. In 1921, Rodgers shifted his studies to the Institute of Musical Art. Rodgers was influenced by composers such as Victor Herbert and Jerome Kern, as well as by the operettas his parents took him to see on Broadway when he was a child. In 1919, Richard met Lorenz Hart, thanks to a friend of Richard's older brother. Rodgers and Hart struggled for years in the field of musical comedy, they made their professional debut with the song "Any Old Place With You", featured in the 1919 Broadway musical comedy A Lonely Romeo. Their first professional production was the 1920 Poor Little Ritz Girl, which had music by Sigmund Romberg, their next professional show, The Melody Man, did not premiere until 1924. When he was just out of college Rodgers worked as musical director for Lew Fields. Among the stars he accompanied.
Rodgers was considering quitting show business altogether to sell children's underwear, when he and Hart broke through in 1925. They wrote the songs for a benefit show presented by the prestigious Theatre Guild, called The Garrick Gaieties, the critics found the show fresh and delightful. Only meant to run one day, the Guild knew they allowed it to re-open later; the show's biggest hit — the song that Rodgers believed "made" Rodgers and Hart — was "Manhattan". The two were now a Broadway songwriting force. Throughout the rest of the decade, the duo wrote several hit shows for both Broadway and London, including Dearest Enemy, The Girl Friend, Peggy-Ann, A Connecticut Yankee, Present Arms, their 1920s shows produced standards such as "Here in My Arms", "Mountain Greenery", "Blue Room", "My Heart Stood Still" and "You Took Advantage of Me". With the Depression in full swing during the first half of the 1930s, the team sought greener pastures in Hollywood; the hardworking Rodgers regretted these fallow years, but he and Hart did write some classic songs and film scores while out west, including Love Me Tonight, which introduced three standards: "Lover", "Mimi", "Isn't It Romantic?".
Rodgers wrote a melody for which Hart wrote three consecutive lyrics which either were cut, not recorded or not a hit. The fourth lyric resulted in one of their most famous songs, "Blue Moon". Other film work includes the scores to The Phantom President, starring George M. Cohan, Hallelujah, I'm a Bum, starring Al Jolson, and, in a quick return after having left Hollywood, starring Bing Crosby and W. C. Fields. In 1935, they returned to Broadway and wrote an unbroken string of hit shows that ended only with Hart's death in 1943. Among the most notable are Jumbo, On Your Toes, Babes in Arms, I Married an Angel, The Boys from Syracuse, Pal Joey, their last original work, By Jupiter. Rodgers contributed to the book on several of these shows. Many of the songs from these shows are still sung and remembered, including "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World", "My Romance", "Little Girl Blue", "I'll Tell the Man in the Street", "There's a Small Hotel", "Where or When", "My Funny Valentine", "The Lady Is a Tramp", "Falling in Love with Love", "Bewitched and Bewildered", "Wait till You See Her".
In 1939, he wrote the ballet Ghost Town for the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, with choreography by Marc Platoff. Rodgers' partnership with Hart began having problems because of the lyricist's unreliability and declining health. Rodgers began working with Oscar Hammerstein II, with whom he had written songs, their first musical, the groundbreaking hit Oklahoma!, marked the beginning of the most successful partnership in American musical theatre history. Their work revolutionized the musical form. What was once a collection of songs and comic turns held together by a tenuous plot became a integrated piece; the team went on to create four more hits. Each was made into a successful film: Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, The Sound of Music. Other shows include the minor hit Flower Dru
DreamWorks Animation LLC is an American animation studio, a subsidiary of Universal Pictures, a division of Comcast through its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. It is based in Glendale and produces animated feature films, television programs and online virtual games; the studio has released a total of 36 feature films, including ones from the Shrek, Kung Fu Panda, How to Train Your Dragon, The Croods and The Boss Baby franchises. Formed under the banner of DreamWorks Pictures in 1994 by some of Amblin Entertainment's former animation branch Amblimation alumni, it was spun off into a separate public company in 2004. DreamWorks Animation maintains its Glendale campus, as well as satellite studios in India and China. On August 22, 2016, NBCUniversal acquired DreamWorks Animation for $3.8 billion, making it a division of the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group as an acquisition for the animation studio. As of October 2017, its feature films have grossed $14.457 billion worldwide, with a $417.8 million average gross per film.
Shrek 2 is among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, being the fiftieth, fourteen of the other films produced by the studio are among the 50 highest-grossing animated films. Although the studio made traditionally animated films in the past, as well as stop-motion co-production with Aardman Animations, all of their films now use computer animation; the studio has earned three Academy Awards, as well as 41 Emmy Awards and numerous Annie Awards, multiple Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations. In recent years, the animation studio has acquired and created new divisions in an effort to diversify beyond the high-risk movie business. Films produced by DreamWorks Animation were distributed worldwide by DreamWorks Pictures from 1998 to 2005, Paramount Pictures from 2006 to 2012, 20th Century Fox from 2013 to 2017. Universal Pictures now distributes subsequent DreamWorks Animation films, which began on February 22, 2019 with the release of How to Train Your Dragon: The Hidden World, as well as now owning the rights to its back catalogue.
On October 12, 1994, a trio of entertainment players, film movie and producer Steven Spielberg, former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg, music executive David Geffen, founded DreamWorks SKG. To build the talent base, Spielberg brought over artists from his London-based studio, while Katzenberg recruited some of the top animation staff from Disney; some of Amblimation's artists came to DreamWorks in 1995, when the studio's last feature was completed, with the rest doing so following the studio's closure in 1997. In 1995, DreamWorks signed a co-production deal with Pacific Data Images to form subsidiary PDI, LLC; this new unit would produce computer-generated feature films, beginning with Antz in 1998. In the same year DreamWorks SKG produced The Prince of Egypt, which used both CGI technology and traditional animation techniques. In 1997, DreamWorks partnered with Aardman Animations, a British stop-motion animation studio, to co-produce and distribute Chicken Run, a stop-motion film in pre-production.
Two years they extended the deal for an additional four films. With Aardman doing stop-motion, they covered all three major styles, besides traditional and computer animation; this partnership had DreamWorks participating in the production of stop-motion films in Bristol, had Aardman participating in some of the CGI films made in the United States. Three years DreamWorks SKG created DreamWorks Animation, a new business division that would produce both types of animated feature films; the same year DW acquired majority interest in PDI, reformed it into PDI/DreamWorks, the Northern California branch of its new business division. In 2001, Shrek was released and went on to win the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film. Due to the success of CGI animated films, DWA decided the same year to exit hand-drawn animation business after the next two of total four hand-drawn films. Beginning with Shrek 2, all released films, other than some co-produced with Aardman, were expected to be produced with CGI.
The releases of Shrek 2 and Shark Tale made DWA the first studio to produce two CGI animated features in a single year. The animation division was spun off into a publicly traded company named DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. on October 27, 2004, traded via the New York Stock Exchange. Katzenberg headed the new division, while Spielberg and Geffen remained on board as investors and consultants. DWA inherited interests in PDI/DreamWorks, they made an agreement with their former parent to distribute all of their films until they deliver twelve new films, or December 12, 2010, whichever came last. On January 31, 2006, DWA entered into a distribution agreement with Paramount Pictures, which acquired DWA's former parent and distribution partner, DreamWorks SKG; the agreement granted Paramount the worldwide rights to distribute all animated films, including released films, until the delivery of 13 new animated feature films or December 31, 2012, whichever came last. DWA's partnership with Aardman ended after the release of Flushed Away in November 2006, having delivered three out of five films.
The announcement was made before the film's release, on October 3, citing "creative differences". DWA retained the co-ownership of rights to all films co-produced with Aardman, with an exception being Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, for which they only kept the worldwide distribution rights. On March 13, 2007, DreamWorks Animation announced it would release all of its films, b
Dame Judith Olivia Dench is an English actress. Dench made her professional debut in 1957 with the Old Vic Company. Over the following few years, she performed in several of Shakespeare's plays, in such roles as Ophelia in Hamlet, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, Lady Macbeth in Macbeth. Although most of her work during this period was in theatre, she branched into film work and won a BAFTA Award as Most Promising Newcomer, she drew strong reviews for her leading role in the musical Cabaret in 1968. Over the next two decades, Dench established herself as one of the most significant British theatre performers, working for the National Theatre Company and the Royal Shakespeare Company, she received critical praise in television during this period, in the series A Fine Romance from 1981 until 1984, As Time Goes By from 1992 until 2005, in which she held a starring role. Her film appearances were infrequent, included supporting roles in major films, such as A Room with a View, before she rose to international fame as M in GoldenEye, a role she continued to play in James Bond films until Spectre.
A seven-time Oscar nominee, Dench won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Queen Elizabeth I in Shakespeare in Love, has received nominations for her roles in Mrs Brown, Iris, Mrs Henderson Presents, Notes on a Scandal, Philomena. She has received many other accolades for her acting in theatre and television, she has received the BAFTA Fellowship in 2001, the Special Olivier Award in 2004. In June 2011, she received a fellowship from the British Film Institute. Dench is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Dench was born in North Riding of Yorkshire, her mother, Eleanora Olive, was born in Ireland. Her father, Reginald Arthur Dench, a doctor, was born in Dorset and moved to Dublin, where he was brought up, he met Dench's mother while he was studying medicine at Dublin. Dench attended the Mount School, a Quaker independent secondary school in York, became a Quaker, her brothers, one of whom was actor Jeffery Dench, were born in Lancashire. Her niece, Emma Dench, is a historian of ancient Rome and professor at Birkbeck, University of London, at Harvard University.
In Britain, Dench has developed a reputation as one of the greatest actresses of the post-war period through her work in theatre, her forte throughout her career. She has more than once been named number one in polls for Britain's best actor. Through her parents, Dench had regular contact with the theatre, her father, a physician, was the GP for the York theatre, her mother was its wardrobe mistress. Actors stayed in the Dench household. During these years, Judi Dench was involved on a non-professional basis in the first three productions of the modern revival of the York Mystery Plays in 1951, 1954 and 1957. In the third production she played the role of the Virgin Mary, performed on a fixed stage in the Museum Gardens. Though she trained as a set designer, she became interested in drama school as her brother Jeff attended the Central School of Speech and Drama, she applied and was accepted by the School based at the Royal Albert Hall, where she was a classmate of Vanessa Redgrave and being awarded four acting prizes, including the Gold Medal as Outstanding Student.
In September 1957, she made her first professional stage appearance with the Old Vic Company, at the Royal Court Theatre, Liverpool, as Ophelia in Hamlet. According to the reviewer for London Evening Standard, Dench had "talent which will be shown to better advantage when she acquires some technique to go with it." Dench made her London debut in the same production at the Old Vic. She remained a member of the company for four seasons, 1957–1961, her roles including Katherine in Henry V in 1958, as directed and designed by Franco Zeffirelli. During this period, she toured the United States and Canada and appeared in Yugoslavia and at the Edinburgh Festival, she joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in December 1961, playing Anya in The Cherry Orchard at the Aldwych Theatre in London and made her Stratford-upon-Avon debut in April 1962 as Isabella in Measure for Measure. She subsequently spent seasons in repertory both with the Playhouse in Nottingham from January 1963, with the Playhouse Company in Oxford from April 1964.
In 1964, Dench appeared on television as Valentine Wannop in Theatre 625's adaptation of Parade's End, shown in three episodes. That same year, she made her film debut in The Third Secret, before featuring in a small role in the Sherlock Holmes thriller A Study in Terror with her Nottingham Playhouse colleague John Neville, she performed again on BBC's Theatre 365 in 1966, as Terry in the four-part series Talking to a Stranger, for which she won a BAFTA Television for Best Actress. The 1966 BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles was made to Dench for her performance in Four in the Morning and this was followed in 1968 by a BAFTA Television Best Actress Award for her role in John Hopkins' 1966 BBC drama Talking to a Stranger. In 1968, she was offered the role of Sally Bowles in the musical Cabaret; as Sheridan Morley reported: "At first she thought they were joking. She had never done a musical and she has an unusual croaky voice which sounds as if she has a p
Cuba Gooding Jr.
Cuba Michael Gooding Jr. is an American actor. After his breakthrough role as Tre Styles in Boyz n the Hood, he appeared in A Few Good Men, The Tuskegee Airmen and Jerry Maguire, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, he gained attention for his roles in Men of Honor as Carl Brashear, in Michael Bay's World War II epic Pearl Harbor as Doris Miller. His other notable films include As Good as It Gets, the ensemble farce Rat Race, American Gangster, Lee Daniels' The Butler, Selma, playing civil rights attorney Fred Gray. In 2016, he portrayed O. J. Simpson in the FX drama series The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story, co-starred in the sixth season of the FX anthology series American Horror Story, subtitled Roanoke. Gooding was born on January 1968, in The Bronx, New York City, his mother, Shirley, is a singer with the Sweethearts, his father, Cuba Gooding Sr. was a lead vocalist of the soul group The Main Ingredient. Gooding has three siblings: April and Thomas.
His paternal grandfather, Dudley MacDonald Gooding, was a native of Barbados. His family moved to Los Angeles in 1972 after his father's music group had their hit single "Everybody Plays the Fool". Gooding himself was raised by his mother and attended four different high schools: North Hollywood High School, Tustin High School, Apple Valley High School, John F. Kennedy High School in Granada Hills in Los Angeles, he served as class president in three of them. He became a born-again Christian at the age of 13. Gooding's first job as an entertainer was as a breakdancer, performing with singer Lionel Richie at the closing ceremonies of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. After high school, Gooding studied Japanese martial arts for three years, before turning his focus toward acting. Early on, he landed guest starring roles on shows like Hill Street Blues and MacGyver and had a tiny part in the popular comedy Coming to America. Gooding's first major role was in John Singleton's inner-city crime drama Boyz n the Hood, in which he played the lead, Tre Styles.
The film was a box office surprise and critical hit, is considered a modern classic. He followed this success with supporting roles in major films such as A Few Good Men, Judgment Night, Lightning Jack, Outbreak. In 1996, Gooding reached a new level of prominence when he was cast as an arrogant yet charismatic football player in Cameron Crowe's blockbuster dramatic sports comedy Jerry Maguire with co-star Tom Cruise, a major critical and commercial success and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Most it earned Gooding an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor, his exuberant "Show me the money!" Line in the film became a nationwide catch phrase. Additionally, his Oscar acceptance speech has been cited for its enthusiasm. In 1997, Gooding followed his breakout with a notable supporting role in the acclaimed Academy Award-winning comedy As Good as It Gets, but in the following years his career was inconsistently successful; some of his best received performances include turns in films such as the mystical drama What Dreams May Come and the US Naval drama Men of Honor, in which he played the lead role and co-starred with Robert De Niro.
Gooding received attention for his roles in the epic Pearl Harbor as Doris Miller, the ensemble farce Rat Race, musical dramedy The Fighting Temptations, the football drama Radio, in which he played the title role. Additionally, though not well received critically, the family comedy Snow Dogs was a commercial success. Other roles of note during this time include Theo Caulder in the psychological thriller Instinct and the voice of Buck in the Disney animated film Home on the Range. However, during this stage of his career, he appeared in a series of films which were not critically or commercially successful, such as Chill Factor, Boat Trip and Daddy Day Camp, all of which had received negative reviews and, with the exception of Norbit, performed poorly at the box office. On top of this, Gooding had turned down roles in successful films such as Amistad in the aftermath of his Oscar win. Neither his earlier successes nor his leading roles in a couple of smaller independent films, including Lee Daniels' directorial debut Shadowboxer, were able to offset these failures.
Since in great contrast to earlier stages of his acting career, Gooding has appeared in many more gritty, critically ignored, direct-to-DVD films than theatrical or television releases. A well-received performance as Ben Carson in Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story and a small supporting role in Ridley Scott's American Gangster, both proved to be exceptions to this trend. Gooding's next major film role was in the 2012 World War II film Red Tails, produced by George Lucas. In 2013, Gooding had roles in several theatrical release films, including a well received supporting performance in Lee Daniels' The Butler and brief appearances in Don Jon and Machete Kills, he made his Broadway theatre debut alongside Cicely Tyson and Vanessa Williams in a Tony Award-nominated production of The Trip to Bountiful. In 2014, he appeared as Civil Rights Movement attorney Fred Gray in the acclaimed historical drama Selma, he has since appeared much more on television than in the past, including performances as Samuel Fraunces in the miniseries The Book of Negroes, as a comedically embellished version of himself