The Simpsons (season 3)
The Simpsons' third season aired on the Fox network between September 19, 1991 and August 27, 1992. The showrunners for the third production season were Al Jean and Mike Reiss who executive produced 22 episodes for the season, while two other episodes were produced by James L. Brooks, Matt Groening, Sam Simon. An additional episode, "Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?", aired on August 27, 1992 after the official end of the third season and is included on the Season 3 DVD set. Season three won six Primetime Emmy Awards for "Outstanding Voice-Over Performance" and received a nomination for "Outstanding Animated Program" for the episode "Radio Bart"; the complete season was released on DVD in Region 1 on August 26, 2003, Region 2 on October 6, 2003, in Region 4 on October 22, 2003. Al Jean and Mike Reiss, who had written for The Simpsons since the start of the show, took over as showrunners this season, their first episode as showrunners was "Mr. Lisa Goes to Washington" and they felt a lot of pressure about running the show.
They ran the following season and Jean would return as executive producer in season 13. There were two episodes, "Kamp Krusty" and "A Streetcar Named Marge", that were produced at the same time, but aired during season four as holdover episodes. Two episodes that aired during this season, "Stark Raving Dad" and "When Flanders Failed", were executive produced during the previous season by James L. Brooks, Matt Groening and Sam Simon. Carlos Baeza and Jeffrey Lynch received their first directing credits this season. Alan Smart, an assistant director and layout artist, would receive his only directing credit. One-time writers from this season include Howard Gewirtz, Ken Levine and David Isaacs. Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein, who would become executive producers, became a part of the writing staff to replace Jay Kogen and Wallace Wolodarsky both of whom had decided to leave the next season; the current arrangement of the theme song was introduced during this season. A crossover episode with the live-action sitcom Thirtysomething, titled "Thirtysimpsons", was written by David Stern for this season, but was never produced because it "never seemed to work".
The crossover would involve Homer hanging out with them. The season premiere episode was "Stark Raving Dad", which guest starred Michael Jackson as the speaking voice of Leon Kompowsky. One of Jackson's conditions for guest starring was. While he recorded the voice work for the character, all of his singing was performed by Kipp Lennon, because Jackson wanted to play a joke on his brothers. Michael Jackson's lines were recorded at a second session by Brooks; the January 30, 1992 rerun of the episode featured a brief alternate opening, written in response to a comment made by then-President of the United States George H. W. Bush. On January 27, 1992 Bush made a speech during his re-election campaign where he said, "We are going to keep on trying to strengthen the American family, to make American families a lot more like The Waltons and a lot less like The Simpsons." The writers decided that they wanted to respond by adding a response to the next broadcast of The Simpsons, a rerun of "Stark Raving Dad" on January 30.
The broadcast included a new tongue-in-cheek opening. Bart replies, "Hey, we're just like the Waltons. We're praying for an end to the Depression, too"."Homer at the Bat" is the first episode in the series to feature a large supporting cast of guest stars. The idea was suggested by Sam Simon, who wanted an episode filled with real Major League Baseball players, they did manage to get nine players who agreed to guest star and they were recorded over a period of six months. Several new characters were introduced this season, including Lunchlady Doris, Fat Tony and Louie, Rabbi Hyman Krustofski, Lurleen Lumpkin, Kirk and Luann Van Houten; this season's production run was the last to be animated by Klasky Csupo, before the show's producers Gracie Films opted to switch domestic production of the series to Film Roman. Sharon Bernstein of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Gracie executives had been unhappy with the producer Csupo had assigned to The Simpsons and said the company hoped to obtain better wages and working conditions for animators at Film Roman."
Klasky Csupo co-founder Gábor Csupó had been "asked if they could bring in their own producer," but declined, stating "they wanted to tell me how to run my business." The season remains popular among the show's fanbase. In 2003, Entertainment Weekly published a list of its 25 favorite episodes and placed "Homer at the Bat", "Flaming Moe's" and "Radio Bart" at 15th, 16th and 20th positions, respectively. IGN.com made a list of the best guest appearances in the show's history, placed Aerosmith at 24, Spinal Tap at 18, the "Homer at the Bat" baseball players at 17, Jon Lovitz at eight, Michael Jackson at number five. IGN would name "Flaming Moe's" the best episode of the third season. Chris Turner, the author of the book Planet Simpson, believes that the third season marks the beginning of "the Golden Age" of The Simpsons and pinpoints "Homer at the Bat" as the first episode of the era. Bill Oakley has described the season as "the best season of any TV show of all time", pinpointing its success to the fact that "a lot of the stories were pretty grounded, but they took a couple of crazy leaps out into space with like, ‘Homer at the Bat’", stating that he and Josh Weinstein used the season as a model when they were The Simpsons' showrunners for seasons 7 and 8.
1992 was The Simpsons' most successful year at the Primetime Emmy Awards, with the series receiving six Emmys, all for "Out
The Simpsons (season 4)
The Simpsons' fourth season aired on the Fox network between September 24, 1992 and May 13, 1993, beginning with "Kamp Krusty". The showrunners for the fourth production season were Mike Reiss; the aired season contained two episodes which were hold-over episodes from season three, which Jean and Reiss ran. Following the end of the production of the season, Jean and most of the original writing staff left the show; the season was nominated for two Primetime Emmy Awards and Dan Castellaneta would win one for his performance as Homer in "Mr. Plow"; the fourth season was released on DVD in Region 1 on June 15, 2004, Region 2 on August 2, 2004 and in Region 4 on August 25, 2004. The season was executive produced by Al Jean and Mike Reiss, who had run the previous season. Several of the show's original writers, with the show since the first season left following the completion of the season's production run. "Cape Feare", the final episode to be produced by the "original team", aired during season five as a holdover.
Jay Kogen, Wallace Wolodarsky and Jeff Martin wrote their final episodes for the season four production run. David M. Stern and Jon Vitti left but returned to write episodes for seasons. Reiss and Jean left to produce their own series, The Critic, but returned to produce several more The Simpsons episodes, Jean again became the showrunner starting with season thirteen. Rich Moore, one of the show's original directors left to work on The Critic, but returned years to assist with animation on The Simpsons Movie. George Meyer and John Swartzwelder stayed on, while Conan O'Brien, Frank Mula and future show runners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein received their first writing credits. One-time writers for the season include Adam I. Lapidus and the team of Gary Apple and Michael Carrington, although Carrington returned to voice characters in "Simpson Tide" and "Million Dollar Abie". Sam Simon, showrunner for the show's first two seasons, had assembled the original writing team, had been the series' creative supervisor from its inception, has been credited as "developing sensibility", departed at the end of season four.
Simon was involved in a series of creative disputes with the show's creator Matt Groening, producer James L. Brooks and production company Gracie Films. Simon commented that he "wasn't enjoying it anymore," and "that any show I've worked on, it turns me into a monster. I go crazy. I hate myself." Before leaving, he negotiated a deal that saw him receive a share of the show's profits every year and an executive producer credit despite not having worked on the show since until his death. This season's production run was the first to be animated by Film Roman, after Gracie Films opted to switch domestic production of the series from Klasky Csupo. Sharon Bernstein of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Gracie executives had been unhappy with the producer Csupo had assigned to The Simpsons and said the company hoped to obtain better wages and working conditions for animators at Film Roman." Klasky Csupo co-founder Gábor Csupó had been "asked if they could bring in their own producer," but declined, stating "they wanted to tell me how to run my business."
Simon commented that: "There won't be any change in the look of the show. We're not going to compromise the quality of the show, key creative personnel will continue on the show.""A Streetcar Named Marge" and "Kamp Krusty" were holdovers from the previous season and so were the last of the Klasky Csupo produced episodes to air. Brooks suggested that the script for "Kamp Krusty" be expanded and produced as a feature-length theatrically released film. However, the episode ran short reaching the minimum length allowed, with the episode's musical number having to be lengthened by a number of verses; the episode had been selected to be the season's premiere. As Jean told Brooks, "First of all, if we make it into the movie we don't have a premiere, second if we can't make 18 minutes out of this episode how are we supposed to make 80?" 1993 marked the first year that the producers of The Simpsons did not submit episodes for the "Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program". Prior to this season, the series had only been allowed to compete in the animation category, but in early 1993 the rules were changed so that animated television shows would be able to submit nominations in the "Outstanding Comedy Series" category.
The producers submitted "A Streetcar Named Marge" and "Mr. Plow" but the Emmy voters were hesitant to pit cartoons against live action programs, The Simpsons did not receive a nomination. Several critics saw the show's failure to gain a nomination as one of the biggest snubs of that year. Dan Castellaneta was awarded an Emmy for "Outstanding Voice-Over Performance". "Treehouse of Horror III" was nominated for Emmys for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series" and "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special". The series won several other awards this season, including an Annie Award for "Best Animated Television Program", a Genesis Award for "Best Television Prime Time Animated Series" for the episode "Whacking Day" and a Saturn Award for "Best Television Series"; the DVD boxset for season four was released by 20th Century Fox in the United States and Canada on June 15, 2004, eleven years after it had completed broadcast on television.
As well as every episode from the season, the DVD release features bonus material including deleted scenes and commentaries for every episode. The menus are a different format than the
Mark Kirkland is an American animation director. He has directed 83 episodes of The Simpsons since 1990, more than any other director. At the age of 13, Kirkland began making super 8 films and working for his father, noted photographer and filmmaker Douglas Kirkland, creating “making of” films for major production companies; this exposure to Hollywood sparked Kirkland’s desire to seek a career in the entertainment industry. Kirkland developed an interest in drawing at an early age. At the age of 17, he began studying in the Experimental Animation Program at the California Institute of the Arts for four years, earning a BFA degree. There, he was mentored by people such as Jules Engel, A. Kendall O'Connor, Ollie Johnston and Moe Gollub. In 1976, he won the Student Academy Award for animation along with fellow student, Richard Jefferies, for their graphically animated film made to the song "Fame" by David Bowie. After finishing up his degree, he applied to Disney, but he was not accepted and instead began working for Hanna-Barbera.
He began working on The Simpsons from season two onwards and has directed 82 episodes, more than any other director. In season 18, he became. Kirkland has won three Primetime Emmy Awards, two Environmental Media Awards and a Pioneer in Television Animation Award from the Burbank International Film Festival for his work on The Simpsons. An active member of the Television Academy of Arts and Sciences, Kirkland served as the Animation Peer Group Governor from 2012-2013; as an independent filmmaker, Kirkland has written and produced award-winning short films which have been shown at film festivals around the world and screened at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. During a 5 year period, Kirkland participated in 25 festivals screening his films: "A Letter from Home," "The Moving Picture Co. 1914," "The Audition," and "Bud's Odyssey." Kirkland is an accomplished still photographer whose images have been published in the US and People magazines. He created photo essays on the behind-the-scenes making of The Simpsons, A Visit with Ollie about legendary Disney animator Ollie Johnston.
Season 2"Dancin' Homer" "Bart Gets Hit by a Car" "Principal Charming" "The War of the Simpsons"Season 3"Homer Defined" "Burns Verkaufen der Kraftwerk" "Homer Alone" "Colonel Homer"Season 4"Kamp Krusty" "Lisa the Beauty Queen" "Lisa's First Word" "Last Exit to Springfield"Season 5"Homer's Barbershop Quartet" "Marge on the Lam" "Homer and Apu" "Burns' Heir"Season 6"Lisa's Rival" "Sideshow Bob Roberts" "Fear of Flying" "Homer vs. Patty and Selma" "The Springfield Connection"Season 7"Lisa the Vegetarian" "Team Homer" "A Fish Called Selma" "Summer of 4 Ft. 2"Season 8"The Homer They Fall" "Mountain of Madness" "The Old Man and the Lisa"Season 9"Treehouse of Horror VIII" "Bart Carny" "Girly Edition"Season 10"The Wizard of Evergreen Terrace" "D'oh-in in the Wind" "Marge Simpson in: "Screaming Yellow Honkers"" "The Old Man and the "C" Student"Season 11"Brother's Little Helper" "Little Big Mom" "Pygmoelian" "Behind the Laughter"Season 12"The Computer Wore Menace Shoes" "Simpson Safari"Season 13"The Parent Rap" "Sweets and Sour Marge" "Gump Roast"Season 14"Helter Shelter" "The Dad Who Knew Too Little" "Three Gays of the Condo"Season 15"The Regina Monologues" "Diatribe of a Mad Housewife" "My Big Fat Geek Wedding"Season 16"All's Fair in Oven War" "Mommie Beerest" "Don't Fear the Roofer"Season 17"Bonfire of the Manatees" "The Italian Bob" "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore"Season 18"Moe'N'a Lisa"Season 19"He Loves to Fly and He D'ohs" "That'90s Show"Season 20"The Burns and the Bees" "No Loan Again, Naturally"Season 21"Bart Gets a'Z'" "Postcards from the Wedge" "To Surveil with Love"Season 22"Elementary School Musical" "Homer the Father" "Homer Scissorhands"Season 23"Replaceable You" "Politically Inept, with Homer Simpson" "Beware My Cheating Bart"Season 24"Penny-Wiseguys" "Homer Goes to Prep School" "Dark Knight Court"Season 25"Four Regrettings and a Funeral" "The Kid Is All Right" "You Don't Have to Live Like a Referee"Season 26"Super Franchise Me" "I Won't Be Home for Christmas" "Peeping Mom"Season 27"Love Is in the N2-O2-Ar-CO2-Ne-He-CH4"Season 28"Fatzcarraldo"Season 29"No Good Read Goes Unpunished"Season 30"101 Mitigations"
Bartholomew JoJo Simpson is a fictional character in the American animated television series The Simpsons and part of the Simpson family. He is voiced by Nancy Cartwright and first appeared on television in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Cartoonist Matt Groening created and designed Bart while waiting in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on his comic strip, Life in Hell, but instead decided to create a new set of characters. While the rest of the characters were named after Groening's family members, Bart's name is an anagram of the word brat. After appearing on The Tracey Ullman Show for three years, the Simpson family received its own series on Fox, which debuted December 17, 1989. At ten years old, Bart is the eldest child and only son of Homer and Marge, the brother of Lisa and Maggie. Bart's most prominent and popular character traits are his mischievousness and disrespect for authority, he has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons – including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride and comic books – and inspired an entire line of merchandise.
In casting, Nancy Cartwright planned to audition for the role of Lisa, while Yeardley Smith tried out for Bart. Smith's voice was too high for a boy. Cartwright found that Lisa was not interesting at the time, so instead auditioned for Bart, which she thought was a better role. Hallmarks of the character include his chalkboard gags in the opening sequence. Who the hell are you?". Although, with the exception of "Ay, caramba!", they have been retired or not used. During the first two seasons of The Simpsons, Bart was the show's breakout character and "Bartmania" ensued, spawning Bart Simpson-themed merchandise touting his rebellious attitude and pride at underachieving, which caused many parents and educators to cast him as a bad role model for children. Around the third season, the series started to focus more on the family as a whole, though Bart still remains a prominent character. Time named Bart one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century, he was named "entertainer of the year" in 1990 by Entertainment Weekly.
Nancy Cartwright has won several awards for voicing Bart, including a Primetime Emmy Award in 1992 and an Annie Award in 1995. In 2000, along with the rest of his family, was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, he has appeared in every Simpsons episode except "Four Great Women and a Manicure". The Simpsons uses a floating timeline in which the characters do not age or age little, as such, the show is always assumed to be set in the current year. In several episodes, events have been linked to specific times, though sometimes this timeline has been contradicted in subsequent episodes. Bart's year of birth was stated in "I Married Marge" as being in the early 1980s. In "Simpsorama" Bart states his birthday as February 23, he lived with his parents in the Lower East Side of Springfield until the Simpsons bought their first house. When Lisa was born, Bart was at first jealous of the attention she received, but he soon warmed to her when he discovered that "Bart" was her first word. Bart's first day of school was in the early 1990s.
His initial enthusiasm was crushed by an uncaring teacher and Marge became worried that something was wrong with Bart. One day during recess, Bart met Milhouse and started entertaining him and other students with various gestures and rude words. Principal Skinner told him "you've just started school, the path you choose now may be the one you follow for the rest of your life! Now, what do you say?" In his moment of truth, Bart responded, "eat my shorts". The episode "That'90s Show" contradicted much of the backstory's time frame. Bart's hobbies include skateboarding, watching television, reading comic books, playing video games and causing mischief, his favorite movies are the Star Wars Trilogy. For the duration of the series, Bart has attended Springfield Elementary School and has been in Edna Krabappel's fourth grade class. While he is too young to hold a full-time job, he has had occasional part-time jobs, he works as a bartender at Fat Tony's social club in "Bart the Murderer". Matt Groening first conceived of Bart and the rest of the Simpson family in 1986, while waiting in the lobby of producer James L. Brooks' office.
Groening had been called in to pitch a series of animated shorts for The Tracey Ullman Show, had intended to present an adaptation of his Life in Hell comic strip. When he realized that animating Life in Hell would require him to rescind publication rights, Groening decided to go in another direction, he hurriedly sketched out his version of a dysfunctional family, naming the characters after members of his own family. For the rebellious son, he substituted "Bart", an anagram of the word brat, for his own name, as he decided it would have been too obvious for him to have named the character'Matt'. Bart's middle initial J is a "tribute" to animated characters such as Bullwinkle J. Moose and Rocket J. Squirrel from The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, who received their mid
Homer Jay Simpson is a fictional character and one of the main protagonists of the American animated sitcom The Simpsons. He is voiced by Dan Castellaneta and first appeared on television, along with the rest of his family, in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Homer was created and designed by cartoonist Matt Groening while he was waiting in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on his comic strip Life in Hell but instead decided to create a new set of characters, he named the character after Homer Groening. After appearing for three seasons on The Tracey Ullman Show, the Simpson family got their own series on Fox that debuted December 17, 1989; as the patriarch of the eponymous family and his wife Marge have three children: Bart and Maggie. As the family's provider, he works at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant as safety inspector. Homer embodies many American working class stereotypes: he is crude, incompetent, clumsy, dim-witted, hot-tempered and addicted to beer, junk food and watching television.
However, he tries his hardest to be a decent man and is fiercely devoted to his family when his wife and children need him the most. Despite the suburban blue-collar routine of his life, he has had a number of remarkable experiences, including going to space, climbing the tallest mountain in Springfield by himself, fighting former President George H. W. Bush and winning a Grammy Award as a member of a barbershop quartet, named the b sharps. In the shorts and earlier episodes, Castellaneta voiced Homer with a loose impression of Walter Matthau, he has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons—including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride and comic books—and inspired an entire line of merchandise. His signature catchphrase, the annoyed grunt "D'oh!", has been included in The New Oxford Dictionary of English since 1998 and the Oxford English Dictionary since 2001. Homer is one of the most influential characters in the history of television, is considered to be an American cultural icon.
The British newspaper The Sunday Times described him as "The greatest comic creation of time". He was named the greatest character "of the last 20 years" in 2010 by Entertainment Weekly, was ranked the second-greatest cartoon character by TV Guide, behind Bugs Bunny, was voted the greatest television character of all time by Channel 4 viewers. For voicing Homer, Castellaneta has won four Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance and a special-achievement Annie Award. In 2000, Homer and his family were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Homer Jay Simpson is the bumbling husband of Marge and father of Bart and Maggie Simpson, he is the son of Abraham "Grampa" Simpson. Homer held over 188 different jobs in the first 400 episodes of The Simpsons. In most episodes, he works as the Nuclear safety Inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position he has held since "Homer's Odyssey", the third episode of the series. At the plant, Homer is ignored and forgotten by his boss Mr. Burns, falls asleep and neglects his duties.
Matt Groening has stated that he decided to have Homer work at the power plant because of the potential for Homer to wreak havoc. Each of his other jobs has lasted only one episode. In the first half of the series, the writers developed an explanation about how he got fired from the plant and was rehired in every episode. In episodes, he began a new job on impulse, without any mention of his regular employment; the Simpsons uses a floating timeline in which the characters never physically age, and, as such, the show is assumed to be set in the current year. In several episodes, events in Homer's life have been linked to specific time periods. "Mother Simpson" depicts Homer's mother, Mona, as a radical who went into hiding in 1969 following a run-in with the law. However, the episode "That'90s Show" contradicted much of this backstory, portraying Homer and Marge as a twentysomething childless couple in the early 1990s. Homer's age has changed as the series developed. During Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein's period as showrunners, they found that as they aged, Homer seemed to become older too, so they increased his age to 38.
His height is 5'9". Naming the characters after members of his own family, Groening named Homer after his father Homer Groening, who himself had been named after ancient Greek poet Homer. Little else of Homer's character was based on him, to prove that the meaning behind Homer's name was not significant, Groening named his own son Homer. According to Groening, "Homer originated with my goal to both amuse my real father, just annoy him a little bit. My father was an athletic, intelligent filmmaker and writer, the only thing he had in common with Homer was a love of donuts." Although Groening has stated in several interviews that Homer was named after his father, he claimed in several 1990 interviews that a character in the 1939 Nathanael West novel The Day of the Locust was the inspiration for naming Homer. Homer
All in the Family
All in the Family is an American sitcom TV-series, broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from January 12, 1971 to April 8, 1979. The following September, it was continued with the spin-off series Archie Bunker's Place, which picked up where All in the Family had ended and ran for four more seasons. All in the Family was produced by Bud Yorkin, it starred Carroll O'Connor, Jean Stapleton, Sally Struthers, Rob Reiner. The show revolves around the life of his family; the show broke ground in its depiction of issues considered unsuitable for a U. S. network television comedy, such as racism, infidelity, women's liberation, religion, abortion, breast cancer, the Vietnam War and impotence. Through depicting these controversial issues, the series became arguably one of television's most influential comedic programs, as it injected the sitcom format with more dramatic moments and realistic, topical conflicts; the show was an American version of an earlier British show, the BBC sitcom Till Death Us Do Part, with Archie Bunker modeled after his British counterpart, Alf Garnett.
All in the Family is regarded in the United States as one of the greatest television series of all time. Following a lackluster first season, the show soon became the most watched show in the United States during summer reruns and afterwards ranked number one in the yearly Nielsen ratings from 1971 to 1976, it became the first television series to reach the milestone of having topped the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive years. The episode "Sammy's Visit" was ranked number 13 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time. TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time ranked All in the Family as number four. Bravo named the show's protagonist, Archie Bunker, TV's greatest character of all time. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked All in the Family the fourth-best written TV series and TV Guide ranked it as the fourth-greatest show of all time. All in the Family is about a typical working-class Caucasian family living in New York, its patriarch is Archie Bunker, an outspoken, narrow-minded man prejudiced against everyone, not like him or his idea of how people should be.
Archie's wife Edith is understanding, though somewhat naïve and uneducated. Their one child, Gloria, is kind and good-natured like her mother, but displays traces of her father's stubbornness and temper. Gloria is married to college student Michael Stivic – referred to as "Meathead" by Archie – whose values are influenced and shaped by the counterculture of the 1960s; the two couples represent the real-life clash of values between the Greatest Generation and Baby Boomers. For much of the series, the Stivics live in the Bunkers' home to save money, providing abundant opportunity for them to irritate each other; the show is set in the Astoria section of Queens, with the vast majority of scenes taking place in the Bunkers' home at 704 Hauser Street. Occasional scenes take place in other locations during seasons, such as Kelsey's Bar, a neighborhood tavern where Archie spends a good deal of time and purchases, the Stivics' home after Mike and Gloria move to the house next door; the house seen in the opening is at 89-70 Cooper Avenue near the junction of the Glendale, Forest Hills, Rego Park sections of Queens.
Supporting characters represent the demographics of the neighborhood the Jeffersons, a black family, who live in the house next door in the early seasons. Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker: Frequently called a "lovable bigot", Archie was an assertively prejudiced blue-collar worker. A World War II veteran, Archie longs for better times when people sharing his viewpoint were in charge, as evidenced by the nostalgic theme song "Those Were the Days". Despite his bigotry, he is portrayed as loving and decent, as well as a man, struggling to adapt to the changing world, rather than someone motivated by hateful racism or prejudice, his ignorance and stubbornness seem to cause his malapropism-filled arguments to self-destruct. He rejects uncomfortable truths by blowing a raspberry. Former child actor Mickey Rooney was Lear's first choice to play Archie, but Rooney declined the offer because of the strong potential for controversy, in Rooney's opinion, a poor chance for success. Scott Brady of the Western series Shotgun Slade declined the role of Archie Bunker, but appeared four times on the series in 1976 in the role of Joe Foley.
O'Connor appears in all but seven episodes of the series' run. Jean Stapleton as Edith Bunker, née Baines: Edith is Archie's kind-hearted wife. Archie tells her to "stifle" herself and calls her a "dingbat", although Edith defers to her husband's authority and endures his insults, on the rare occasions when Edith takes a stand, she proves to have a simple but profound wisdom. Despite their different personalities, they love each other deeply. Stapleton developed Edith's distinctive voice. Stapleton decided to leave at that time. During the first season of Archie Bunker's Place, Edith was seen in five of the first 14 episodes in guest appearances. After that point, Edith was written out as having suffered a stroke and died off-camera, leaving Archie to deal with the death of his beloved "dingbat". Stapleton appeared in all but four episodes of All in the Family. In the series' first episode, Edith is portrayed as being less of a ding
Finding Nemo is a 2003 American computer-animated adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Written and directed by Andrew Stanton with co-direction by Lee Unkrich, the film stars the voices of Albert Brooks, Ellen DeGeneres, Alexander Gould, Willem Dafoe, it tells the story of the overprotective ocellaris clownfish named Marlin who, along with a regal blue tang named Dory, searches for his abducted son Nemo all the way to Sydney Harbour. Along the way, Marlin comes to terms with Nemo taking care of himself. Finding Nemo was released on May 30, 2003. Finding Nemo became the highest-grossing animated film at the time and was the second-highest-grossing film of 2003, earning a total of $871 million worldwide by the end of its initial theatrical run; the film is the best-selling DVD title of all time, with over 40 million copies sold as of 2006, was the highest-grossing G-rated film of all time before Pixar's own Toy Story 3 overtook it. The film was re-released in 3D in 2012.
In 2008, the American Film Institute named it the 10th greatest animated film made as part of their 10 Top 10 lists. In a 2016 poll of international critics conducted by BBC, Finding Nemo was voted one of the 100 greatest motion pictures since 2000. A sequel, Finding Dory, was released on June 2016 in the United States. Nemo is a young and cheerful clownfish who lives with his father, Marlin in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and is destined to explore life around the ocean, but Marlin appears to be too overprotective of him, due to a barracuda attack on his wife and his clutch of eggs. On the first day of school, Marlin embarrasses Nemo during a field trip; when Marlin talks to the teacher, Mr. Ray, Nemo sneaks away from the reef and is captured by a scuba diver, who puts him on a boat. Marlin meets Dory, a blue tang who suffers from short term memory loss; the pair encounter three sharks named Bruce and Chum. While at their meeting, Marlin sees the diver's mask that fell from the boat that took Nemo and sees strange writing on it.
However and Dory fight over the mask, giving Dory a nose bleed. The blood sends Bruce into a feeding frenzy, attacks Marlin and Dory, who narrowly escape. Meanwhile, Nemo is placed in an aquarium in a dentist's office, where he meets the Tank Gang, including yellow tang Bubbles, sea star Peach, cleaner shrimp Jacques, blowfish Bloat, royal gramma Gurgle, blue and white humbug Deb, led by Gill, a Moorish idol; that night, Nemo learns he is to be given to the dentist's niece, who has killed previous fish given to her, including a goldfish named Chuckles. Gill devises a plan to escape by having a random fish in the aquarium jam the aquarium's filter with a pebble so the dentist will have to put the fish into plastic bags while the tank gets cleaned roll out the window and into the harbor. Nemo volunteers to do it, Gill lets him do it. Nemo attempts to jam the filter but fails, everybody saves him; the mask falls into a trench in the deep sea, where Dory reads the address as "P. Sherman, 42 Wallaby Way, Sydney".
She remembers it despite her short term memory loss. Dory and Marlin receive directions from a school of moonfish, they are supposed to swim through a trench, but they end swimming over it, where they encounter a forest of jellyfish that stings them, but they remain okay. Marlin and Dory find themselves on the East Australian Current and have a good time with Crush, a green sea turtle, his son and all the turtles there. Marlin tells the story of his journey to the turtles. News of his quest spreads across the ocean. A pelican named Nigel flies to the dentist's office and brings news of Marlin's efforts to find Nemo, who makes another attempt to jam the filter, succeeds get the aquarium covered in green algae. Marlin and Dory are engulfed by a blue whale. Dory communicates with the whale, who carries them to Sydney Harbor and expels them through his blowhole. There, they meet Nigel the pelican, who help the pair escape from a group of seagulls and takes them to the dentist's office. Meanwhile, the dentist has installed a new high-tech filter and the Tank Gang fail to escape.
Darla arrives, the dentist hands Nemo to her. Nemo plays dead to save himself as Nigel arrives, terrifying Darla and throwing the office into chaos. After the dentist throws Nigel out, Gill helps Nemo escape into a drain. Thinking that Nemo is dead, Marlin goes home, causing her to forget. However, she meets Nemo when he has lost her memory. Dory's memory returns, she is caught in a net with a school of grouper. Nemo enters the net and orders the fish to swim down in order to break the net and they escape. After returning home to the reef and Dory watch Mr Ray take Nemo and his friends on a field trip. Meanwhile, the dentist's new filter breaks down, the Tank Gang escape unnoticed into Sydney Harbour; the inspiration for Nemo sprang from multiple experiences, going back to director Andrew Stanton's childhood, when he loved going to the dentist to see the fish tank, assuming that the fish were from the ocean and wanted to go home. In 1992, shortly after his son was born, he and his family took a trip to Six Flags Discovery Kingdom.
There, after seeing the shark tube and various exhibits, he felt that the underwater world could be done beautifully in computer animation. In 1997, he took his son for a walk in the park, but realized