Homer V. M. Miller

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Homer Virgil Milton Miller
Homer Virgil Milton Miller.jpg
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
February 24, 1871 – March 3, 1871
Preceded byRobert Toombs
Succeeded byThomas M. Norwood
Personal details
Born(1814-04-29)April 29, 1814
Pendleton, South Carolina
DiedMay 31, 1896(1896-05-31) (aged 82)
Atlanta, Georgia
Political partyDemocratic
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Homer Virgil Milton Miller (April 29, 1814 – May 31, 1896) was an American physician and politician from the U.S. state of Georgia, who practiced medicine for the Confederacy in the American Civil War and served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia for seven days in 1871.

Born in Pendleton, South Carolina on April 29, 1814, Miller moved with his parents to Rabun County, Georgia in 1820. He attended the common schools and graduated from the Medical College of South Carolina in 1835. He continued medical studies in Paris and commenced practice in Cassville, Georgia, in 1838. Miller was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for election as a U.S. Representative to the twenty-ninth United States Congress in 1844.

Miller was a slave owner. In 1840, he owned 10 slaves.[1] In 1850, he owned 3 slaves.[2] In 1860, he owned 20 slaves.[3]

During the Civil War, Miller served in the Confederate army as a surgeon and as a medical director, surgeon of posts, and inspector of hospitals in Georgia. He resumed the practice of medicine in Rome, Georgia and was a member of the faculty of the Atlanta Medical College.[4] Subsequently, he was trustee of the University of Georgia in Athens.

Miller was a member of the state Reconstruction convention in 1867. Upon the restoration of Georgia's congressional representation, Miller was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate on July 28, 1868. However, he did not qualify (and thus was not seated) until February 24, 1871. He served until the end of his term on March 3, 1871.

Miller's tenure in the Senate, at a mere seven days long, ranks (as of 2017) as the second-shortest in American history. The shortest Senate tenure belongs to Sen. Louis C. Wyman from New Hampshire, who served for only three days from his appointment on December 31, 1974, to the end of his term on January 3, 1975. (The second tenure of Sen. Salmon P. Chase from Ohio is shorter, lasting two days from the beginning of his term on March 4, 1861, to his resignation on March 6, 1861; however, Chase had previously already served a full term from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1855, so he is not the shortest-serving senator.) The third-shortest Senate tenure belongs to Sen. Alva M. Lumpkin from South Carolina, who served three days longer than Miller; he served for ten days from his appointment on July 22, 1941, to his death on August 1, 1941.[5]

Miller died in Atlanta on May 31, 1896, and was interred in Myrtle Hill Cemetery in Rome, Georgia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1840 United States Census, United States Census, 1840; District 828, Cass County, Georgia;. Retrieved on 6 March 2016.
  2. ^ "1850 United States Census, Slave Schedules", United States Census, 1850; Subdivision 30, Floyd, Georgia;. Retrieved on 6 March 2016.
  3. ^ 1860 United States Census, United States Census, 1860; Rome, Floyd, Georgia; page 29 County, 478 Collected,. Retrieved on 6 March 2016.
  4. ^ Spalding, Phinizy (1987). The History of the Medical College of Georgia. Athens: University of Georgia Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780820340401. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  5. ^ "United States Senators" (PDF). Senate.gov.

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Robert Toombs(1)
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
February 24, 1871 – March 3, 1871
Served alongside: Joshua Hill
Succeeded by
Thomas M. Norwood
Notes and references
1. Because of Georgia's secession, the Senate seat was vacant for ten years before Miller succeeded Toombs.