The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment
Brian Thomas Grazer is an American film and television producer. He co-founded Imagine Entertainment in 1986, with Ron Howard; the films they produced have grossed over $13 billion. The movies include four for which Grazer was nominated for an Academy Award: Splash, Apollo 13, A Beautiful Mind, Frost/Nixon, his films and TV series have been nominated for 43 Academy Awards, 187 Emmys. In 2002, Grazer won an Oscar for Best Picture for A Beautiful Mind. In 2007, he was named one of Time's "100 Most Influential People in the World". Grazer was born in Los Angeles, California, to Arlene Becker Grazer and criminal defense attorney Thomas Grazer, he is the older brother of actor/director Gavin Grazer. He was raised in Los Angeles's San Fernando Valley. Grazer's father was Catholic and his mother is Jewish, he described himself in 2000 as "half-Jewish". Raised secular, today Grazer is a practicing Christian, his parents divorced. Grazer said "My best buddy, the most important person in my growing up, was my little 4-foot-10 Jewish grandmother, she'd say,'In order to get it, you got to do it.
No one's going to get it for you, Brian.'"His nephew is actor Jack Dylan Grazer. Grazer won a scholarship to the University of Southern California as a psychology major, he graduated from USC's School of Cinema-Television in 1974. He attended USC Law School for one year, but quit in 1975 to pursue a life in Hollywood. Grazer began his career as a producer developing television projects. While executive-producing TV pilots at Paramount Pictures in the early 1980s, he met current long-time friend and business partner Ron Howard, he produced Night Shift, in 1982, directed by Howard. Grazer and Howard teamed up again for Splash in 1984, which Grazer co-wrote. Splash earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Original Screenplay of 1984. In 1986, Grazer and Howard co-founded Imagine Entertainment, which became one of Hollywood's most prolific and successful production companies. Over the years, Grazer's films and TV shows have been nominated for a total of 43 Academy Awards, 195 Emmys. At the same time, his movies have generated more than $13.5 billion in worldwide theatrical and video grosses.
Grazer's early film successes include Backdraft. He produced Apollo 13, for which he won the Producers Guild of America’s Daryl F. Zanuck Motion Picture Producer of the Year Award, as well as an Oscar nomination for Best Picture of 1995. In 1998, he earned two major honors: he was given his own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, made a cameo appearance on the animated series The Simpsons. In 2001, Grazer won an Academy Award for Best Picture for A Beautiful Mind, which took home Oscars for Best Supporting Actress, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay. In 2002, Grazer's 8 Mile was released, it proved not only to be a huge box office hit, but the first film with a rap song to win a Best Original Song Oscar, for Eminem's "Lose Yourself". Grazer produced the film adaptation of Peter Morgan's play Frost/Nixon. Frost/Nixon was nominated including Best Picture. Grazer's productions span over a quarter-of-a-century, the full spectrum of movie genres, his comedies include Boomerang, The Nutty Professor, How the Grinch Stole Christmas, Intolerable Cruelty and The Dilemma.
He has produced many dramatic thrillers including Inside Man, The Da Vinci Code, American Gangster, Angels & Demons, Robin Hood, Cowboys & Aliens. His released films include J. Edgar, the Clint Eastwood-directed biopic of J. Edgar Hoover, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Tower Heist, starring Ben Stiller and Eddie Murphy, Restless, directed by Gus Van Sant. Grazer's Imagine Entertainment's television series include Sports Night, Arrested Development, 24 with Kiefer Sutherland, Friday Night Lights, Lie to Me, Empire. Grazer's recent productions included the 2017 Grammy awarding winning Best Music Film The Beatles: Eight Days a Week, American Made, directed by Ron Howard, starring Chris Hemsworth and Daniel Brühl, Made in America. Grazer produced Get on Up, a biopic of the legendary "Godfather of Soul" James Brown, In the Heart of the Sea, directed by Ron Howard and starring Chris Hemsworth, about the American whaleship the Essex. In 2015, Grazer published his book A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life, in which he discusses conversations with interesting people, many of whom inspired his work.
Grazer has been married four times and divorced three times: to Theresa McKay, Corki Corman, novelist and screenwriter Gigi Levangie. In April 2014, Grazer became engaged to Veronica Smiley, chief marketing officer of SBE, a hotel management company, they married on February 20, 2016. Grazer resides in Santa Monica, California, he has a home in Hawaii on Sunset Beach, on the Banzai Pipeline on O'ahu's North Shore. 1998 – Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries for From the Earth to the Moon 2001 – Producers Guild of America's David O. Selznick Lifetime Achievement Award in Theatrical Motion Pictures 2003 – ShoWest Lifetime Achievement Award 2004 – Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series for Arrested Development 2006 – Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series for 24 2007 – Named one of Time Maga
Goldfinger (Shirley Bassey song)
"Goldfinger" is the title song from the 1964 James Bond film Goldfinger. Composed by John Barry and with lyrics by Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, the song was performed by Shirley Bassey for the film's opening and closing title sequences, as well as the soundtrack album release; the single release of the song gave Bassey her only Billboard Hot 100 top forty hit, peaking in the Top 10 at No. 8 and No. 2 for four weeks on the Adult Contemporary chart, in the United Kingdom the single reached No. 21. The song finished at No. 53 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema. In 2008, the single was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley were asked to create the lyrics for the song, but when its composer John Barry played them the first three notes and Newley looked at each other and sang out: "... wider than a mile," to the melody of "Moon River," the popular theme song from Breakfast at Tiffany's. Barry was not amused. One source of inspiration was the song "Mack the Knife", which director Guy Hamilton showed Barry, thinking it was a "gritty and rough" song that could be a good model for what the film required.
Bricusse and Newley were not shown any film footage or script excerpts, but were advised of the fatal gilding suffered by the Jill Masterson character, played by Shirley Eaton. Bricusse would recall that once he and Newley hit upon utilizing "the Midas touch" in the lyric, the pattern of the song became evident and the lyrics were completed within at most a couple of days; the first recording of "Goldfinger" was made by Newley in a May 14, 1964 recording session, with Barry as conductor, which produced two completed takes. Barry would recall that Newley gave a "very creepy" performance which he, Barry considered "terrific". Newley's recording, was made purely as a demo for the film's makers. According to Barry, Newley "didn't want to sing it in the movie as they thought the song was a bit weird". Shirley Bassey was Barry's choice to record the song. Barry had played Bassey an instrumental track of the song, she agreed to sing the song whatever the lyrics might be. Bassey recorded the track on August 20, 1964 at London's CTS Studios in Wembley: the track's producer credit named Bassey's regular producer George Martin, but the session was in fact overseen by Barry.
Vic Flick, Jimmy Page and Big Jim Sullivan are all said to have been at the sessions. Page recalls attending the sessions, however the session musicians on the Bond films were separately relegated to the instrumental score versions of songs, while the main musicians were given the main film theme song to record, to be featured at the beginning of the film. Leaving Page as a background acoustic contributor to Flick on the instrumental version of the song; the recording of "Goldfinger" lasted all night as Barry demanded repeated takes due to musicians' or technical glitches, not any shortcomings in Bassey's vocal. Bassey did have issues with the climactic final note which necessitated her slipping behind a studio partition between takes to remove her bra. Bassey would recall of the final note: "I was holding it and holding it - I was looking at John Barry and I was going blue in the face and he's going - hold it just one more second; when it finished, I nearly passed out." The iconic two-note phrase, the basis for the song's introduction was not in the original orchestration, but occurred to Barry during a tea-break, following an hour and a half of rehearsal.
By the time the musicians returned, twenty minutes he had written the figure into the orchestration. The hit single was released in mono, with the album stereo issues using an alternate mix in which the instrumental take is the same, but Bassey's vocal is different. Newley's version was released in 1992 to mark the 30th Anniversary of James Bond on film, in a compilation collector's edition: The Best of Bond... James Bond. Bassey's title theme was taken out of the film because producer Harry Saltzman hated it, saying, "That's the worst *** song I've heard in my *** life". Saltzman would dislike Bassey's subsequent Bond theme, that for Diamonds Are Forever. However, there was not enough time for a replacement song to be recorded; the release on vinyl of Bassey's version, UA 790, sold more than a million copies in the United States, it reached No. 1 in Japan, No. 4 in Australia, the Top 10 of many European countries including Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway. A No. 24 hit in France, Bassey's "Goldfinger" was not one of Bassey's biggest hits in her native UK, its No. 21 peak being far lower than that of the nine Top 10 hits she'd scored, but despite Bassey subsequently returning to the UK Top 10 three more times, "Goldfinger" would become her signature song in the UK as well as the rest of the world.
In 2002 poll in which BBC Radio 2 solicited listeners' favourite piece of popular music from the last fifty years performed by a British act, "Goldfinger" by Shirley Bassey ranked at No. 46. Bassey re-recorded "Goldfinger" for her 2014 album Hello Like Before. In doing so she addressed two notes. In 1964, Billy Strange recorded a version, which charted along with Bassey's original. In 1965, The Ho
The Simpsons (season 10)
The Simpsons' tenth season was broadcast on the Fox network in the United States between August 23, 1998, May 16, 1999. It contains twenty-three episodes, starting with "Lard of the Dance"; the Simpsons is a satire of a middle class American lifestyle epitomized by its family of the same name, which consists of Homer, Bart and Maggie. Set in the fictional city of Springfield, the show lampoons American culture, society and many aspects of the human condition; the showrunner for the tenth season was Mike Scully. Before production began, a salary dispute between the main cast members of The Simpsons and Fox arose. However, it was soon settled and the actors' salaries were raised to $125,000 per episode. In addition to the large Simpsons cast, many guest stars appeared in season ten, including Phil Hartman in his last appearance before his death. Despite winning an Annie Award for "Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program", season 10 has been cited by several critics as the beginning of the series' decline in quality.
It ranked twenty-fifth in the season ratings with an average of 13.5 million viewers per episode. The tenth season DVD boxset was released in the United States and Canada on August 7, 2007, it is available in two different packagings. The tenth season was the second; as show runner and executive producer, Scully headed the writing staff and oversaw all aspects of the show's production. However, as he told UltimateTV in January 1999, he did not "make any decisions without the staff's input. We have great staffs in all the departments from animation to writing. So I don't want to make it sound like a dictatorship." Scully was popular with the staff members, many of whom have praised his organization and management skills. Writer Tom Martin has said that he was "quite the best boss I've worked for" and "a great manager of people". Scully's aim while running The Simpsons was to "not wreck the show". In addition to his role as show runner during the tenth season, he co-wrote the episode "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday".
In 1999, there were around sixteen staff writers working on The Simpsons. Many of them had written for the show for several years, including John Swartzwelder and George Meyer; the third episode of the tenth season, "Bart the Mother", was the last full-length episode written by David S. Cohen, a longtime writer on the show, he left to team up with The Simpsons creator Matt Groening to develop Futurama, a series on which he served as executive producer and head writer. The tenth season marked the full-time return of staff member Al Jean, who had departed from the show after the fourth season to create the animated series The Critic. Between seasons four and ten, he had only worked periodically on the show; the main cast of the season consisted of Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer. Up until the production of season ten in 1998, these six main voice actors were paid $30,000 per episode. In 1998, a salary dispute between them and the Fox Broadcasting Company arose, with the actors threatening to go on a strike.
Fox went as far as preparing for casting of new voices, but an agreement was soon made and the actors' salaries were raised to $125,000 per episode. Groening expressed his sympathy for the cast members in an issue of Mother Jones a while after the salary dispute had been settled, he told the magazine: "They are talented, they deserve a chance to be as rich and miserable as anyone else in Hollywood. It looked for a while there like we might not have a show, because everyone was holding firm on all sides. That's still my attitude: Hold out for as much money as you can get, but do make the deal."Other cast members of the season included Pamela Hayden, Tress MacNeille, Maggie Roswell, Russi Taylor, Karl Wiedergott. Season ten featured a large number of guest stars, including Phil Hartman in his final appearance on the show in the episode "Bart the Mother" that aired in September 27, 1998. Hartman was shot to death by his wife four months before the episode aired and it was dedicated to his memory.
Rather than replacing Hartman with a new voice actor, the production staff retired two of his recurring characters, Troy McClure and Lionel Hutz, from the show. However, Hutz and McClure still appear in various Simpsons comics, because a voice actor is not needed; the tenth season of The Simpsons was broadcast in the United States on the Fox network between August 23, 1998 and May 16, 1999. Although "Lard of the Dance" aired on August 23 to increase ratings for the early premieres of That'70s Show by serving as a lead-in, "The Wizard of Evergreen Terrace" was the official premiere of the tenth season; the season aired in the 8:00 p.m. time slot on Sundays. It ranked twenty-fifth in the ratings for the 1998–1999 television season with an average of 13.5 million viewers per episode, dropping twelve percent in number of average viewers from the last season. The Simpsons was Fox's third highest-rated show of the television season, following The X-Files and Ally McBeal; the tenth season has been cited by some critics and fans as the beginning of the series' decline in quality.
By 2000, some long-term fa
The Simpsons Archive
The Simpsons Archive known by its previous domain name snpp.com or SNPP, is a Simpsons fan site, online since 1994. Maintained by dozens of volunteers from—amongst other places—the newsgroup alt.tv.simpsons and Simpsons-related forums, the site features information on every aspect of the show, from detailed guides to upcoming episodes and merchandise, to the episode capsules, for which the site is well known. In a bid to steer clear of Fox's legal department after a conflict in 1996, the site contains no multimedia or interactive features, preferring to focus on documenting the show through textual material; as of October, 2005, the site receives 1.2 million hits per month. In 2013, it was moved from snpp.com to simpsonsarchive.com. The Archive began in 1994, the brainchild of Gary Goldberg, with extensive help from the members of alt.tv.simpsons at the time, including Raymond Chen, the first to compile the episode capsules, Dave Hall, one of the first online Simpsons fans to champion list-compiling.
The site based on the Widener archive set up by Brendan Kehoe in 1989, featured a bright yellow and black design until 1998, when it was revamped to the more subdued style. FAQs, Guides and Lists FAQs, character files, merchandise information, broadcast history and, as the name would suggest, various lists Upcoming Episodes Guides to upcoming national schedules in the countries of USA, UK, New Zealand, Russia, as well as details on episodes in production. Episode Guide Brief episode synopsis for each episode, including guest stars and first character appearances. Episode Capsules Probably the site's most well-known feature: comprehensive text files documenting quotes and scene summaries, freeze-frame jokes, animation errors and any other insight necessary; the capsules are compiled from documentation posted to alt.tv.simpsons. The episode capsule is a convention that has since crossed over to many other TV show fansites and newsgroups, including co-Matt Groening animation Futurama. Episodes featured are up to and including thirteenth season's "The Bart Wants What It Wants".
Miscellaneous A collection of both internal and external copies of academic papers, articles and the like relating to the show, dating back as far as 1987. Simpsons-L The site's own e-mail-based discussion group, having over 1000 members; this list was moderated to prevent spam. The mailing list was shut down in 2010. Web links A comprehensive list of links to hundreds of other related sites, from fansites and character sites to the homepages of the cast and official sites; the Springfield Times A news page, home to articles on new Simpsons-related information and products, as well as to the two sub-sections of DVD News and Movie News. In addition to this, the site offers a search facility and an About the Archive page which allows you to contact any of the various maintainers and check which new pages and episode capsules have been added since your last visit; the site has been featured in many publications, including the UK magazine WebUser, in which the site ranked #3 in their list of the "Top 100 TV Websites" back in 2002, several unofficial Simpsons books including the analytical Planet Simpson by Chris Turner and the UK-issued episode guides The Pocket Essentials: The Simpsons by Peter Mann and I Can't Believe It's A Bigger, Better Updated Unofficial Simpsons Guide by Warren Martyn and Adrian Wood.
In Planet Simpson, Turner thanks the Simpsons Archive, saying that the book would have been impossible without it. Matt Groening, creator of the show, was once quoted in the Argentinian newspaper La Nación as saying: "Sometimes we have to look at fan sites to remember: one of the best is www.snpp.com. I have no idea what those initials mean. Though for them, every episode is the worst ever." Reviews from the site's episode capsules have been mentioned in the DVD commentaries by various members of the show's staff. In 2007, it was ranked number five on Entertainment Weekly's list of "25 essential fansites"; the Simpsons Archive
Miami Vice is an American television crime drama series created by Anthony Yerkovich and executive produced by Michael Mann for NBC. The series starred Don Johnson as James "Sonny" Crockett and Philip Michael Thomas as Ricardo "Rico" Tubbs, two Metro-Dade Police Department detectives working undercover in Miami; the series ran for five seasons on NBC from 1984 to 1989. The USA Network began airing reruns in 1988, broadcast an unaired episode during its syndication run of the series on January 25, 1990. Unlike standard police procedurals, the show drew upon 1980s New Wave culture and music; the show became. It has been called one of the "Top 50 TV Shows". People magazine stated that Miami Vice was the "first show to look new and different since color TV was invented". Michael Mann directed a film adaptation of the series, released July 28, 2006. Vin Diesel and Chris Morgan are working on a TV series reboot that could be part of the NBC 2018–19 TV season. Legend has it that the head of NBC's Entertainment Division, Brandon Tartikoff, wrote a brainstorming memo that read "MTV cops", presented it to series creator Anthony Yerkovich a writer and producer for Hill Street Blues.
Yerkovich, indicates that he devised the concept after learning about asset forfeiture statutes that allowed law enforcement agencies to confiscate the property of drug dealers for official use. The initial idea was for a movie about a pair of vice cops in Miami. Yerkovich turned out a script for a two-hour pilot, titled Gold Coast, but renamed Miami Vice. Yerkovich was drawn to South Florida as a setting for his new-style police show. In keeping with the show's namesake, most episodes focused on combating drug trafficking and prostitution. Episodes ended in an intense gun battle, claiming the lives of several criminals before they could be apprehended. An undercurrent of cynicism and futility underlies the entire series; the detectives reference the "Whac-A-Mole" nature of drug interdiction, with its parade of drug cartels replacing those that are apprehended. Co-executive producer Yerkovich explained: Even when I was on Hill Street Blues, I was collecting information on Miami, I thought of it as a sort of a modern-day American Casablanca.
It seemed to be an interesting socio-economic tide pool: the incredible number of refugees from Central America and Cuba, the extensive Cuban-American community, on top of all that the drug trade. There is a fascinating amount of service industries that revolve around the drug trade—money laundering, bail bondsmen, attorneys who service drug smugglers. Miami has become a sort of Barbary Coast of free enterprise gone berserk; the choice of music and cinematography borrowed from the emerging New Wave culture of the 1980s. As such, segments of Miami Vice would sometimes use music-based stanzas, a technique featured in Baywatch; as Lee H. Katzin, one of the show's directors, remarked, "The show is written for an MTV audience, more interested in images and energy than plot and character and words." These elements made the series into an instant hit, in its first season saw an unprecedented fifteen Emmy Award nominations. While the first few episodes contained elements of a standard police procedural, the producers soon abandoned them in favor of a more distinctive style.
Influenced by an Art Deco revival, no "earth tones" were allowed to be used in the production by executive producer Michael Mann. A director of Miami Vice, Bobby Roth, recalled: There are certain colors you are not allowed to shoot, such as red and brown. If the script says'A Mercedes pulls up here,' the car people will show you three or four different Mercedes. One will be white, one will be black, one will be silver. You will not get a brown one. Michael knows. Miami Vice was one of the first American network television programs to be broadcast in stereophonic sound, it was mixed in 4 channel stereo for its entire run. Nick Nolte and Jeff Bridges were considered for the role of Sonny Crockett, but since it was not lucrative for film stars to venture into television at the time, other candidates were considered. Mickey Rourke was considered for the role, but he turned down the offer. Larry Wilcox, of CHiPs, was a candidate for the role of Crockett, but the producers felt that going from one police officer role to another would not be a good fit.
After dozens of candidates and a twice-delayed pilot shooting, Don Johnson and Philip Michael Thomas were chosen as the vice cops. For Johnson, by 34 years old, NBC had particular doubts about the several earlier unsuccessful pilots in which he had starred. After two seasons, Johnson threatened to walk from the series as part of a publicized contract dispute; the network was ready to replace him with Mark Harmon, who had departed St. Elsewhere, but the network and Johnson were able to resolve their differences and he continued with the series until its end. Jimmy Smits played Crockett's partner in the pilot episode. Before production started, the idea was to do all or most of the exterior filming in Los Angeles, pass it off to viewers as urban Miami—an approach put into practice two decades during the filming of CSI: Miami, but instead, nearly all filming, both exterior and interior, was done in Florida. Many episodes of Miami Vice were filmed in the South Beach section of Miami Beach, an area which, at the time, was blighted by poverty and crime, with its demographic so deteriorated that there "simply weren't many people on the street.
Ocean Drive's hotels were filled with elderly Jewish retirees, many of them frail, subsisting on
Goldfinger is a 1964 British spy film and the third installment in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is based on the novel of the same name by Ian Fleming; the film stars Honor Blackman as Bond girl Pussy Galore and Gert Fröbe as the title character Auric Goldfinger, along with Shirley Eaton as the iconic Bond girl Jill Masterson. Goldfinger was produced by Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman and was the first of four Bond films directed by Guy Hamilton; the film's plot has Bond investigating gold smuggling by gold magnate Auric Goldfinger and uncovering Goldfinger's plans to contaminate the United States Bullion Depository at Fort Knox. Goldfinger was the first Bond blockbuster, with a budget equal to that of the two preceding films combined. Principal photography took place from January to July 1964 in the United Kingdom and the United States; the release of the film led to a number of promotional licensed tie-in items, including a toy Aston Martin DB5 car from Corgi Toys which became the biggest selling toy of 1964.
The promotion included an image of gold-painted Shirley Eaton as Jill Masterson on the cover of Life. Many of the elements introduced in the film appeared in many of the James Bond films, such as the extensive use of technology and gadgets by Bond, an extensive pre-credits sequence that stood alone from the main storyline, multiple foreign locales and tongue-in-cheek humour. Goldfinger was the first Bond film to win an Academy Award and opened to favourable critical reception; the film was a financial success. In 1999, it was ranked #70 on the BFI Top 100 British films list compiled by the British Film Institute. After destroying a drug laboratory in Latin America, MI6 agent James Bond travels to Miami Beach for a vacation, he receives instructions from his superior, M, via CIA agent Felix Leiter to observe bullion dealer Auric Goldfinger at the hotel there. Bond sees Goldfinger cheating at gin rummy and stops him by distracting his employee, Jill Masterson, blackmailing Goldfinger into losing.
After Bond and Jill consummate their new relationship, Bond is knocked out by Goldfinger's Korean manservant Oddjob. When Bond awakens, he finds Jill dead, covered in gold paint, having died from "skin suffocation". In London, the governor of the Bank of England and M explain to Bond that gold prices vary across the world, allowing one to profit by selling bullion internationally, his objective is determining how Goldfinger does it by smuggling. To help in his mission, Bond is given a modified Aston Martin DB5 and two radar trackers by Q. Bond arranges to meet Goldfinger at his country club in Kent, wins a high-stakes golf game against him with a recovered Nazi gold bar at stake. Aware of Bond’s ulterior motives, Goldfinger warns Bond not to interfere in his affairs, reinforcing the threat by having Oddjob demonstrate his steel-rimmed derby as a deadly weapon. Bond follows Goldfinger to Switzerland, where Tilly, Jill's sister, attempts to avenge her sister by assassinating Goldfinger with a rifle and fails.
Bond sneaks into Goldfinger's plant and discovers Goldfinger smuggles gold by melting it down and incorporating it into the bodywork of his Rolls-Royce Phantom III, which he takes with him whenever he travels. Bond overhears Goldfinger talking to Chinese nuclear physicist Mr. Ling about "Operation Grand Slam". Leaving, Bond encounters Tilly as she tries to kill Goldfinger again, but trips an alarm in the process. Oddjob kills Tilly with his hat, Bond is captured and tied to a cutting table underneath an industrial laser, which begins to slice a large sheet of gold in half, with Bond lying over it, he lies to Goldfinger that MI6 knows about Grand Slam, causing Goldfinger to spare Bond's life to mislead MI6 into believing Bond has things in hand. Bond is transported by Goldfinger's private jet, piloted by Pussy Galore, to his stud farm in Lexington, Kentucky. Bond escapes and witnesses Goldfinger's meeting with American mafiosi, who have brought the materials he needs for Operation Grand Slam.
Goldfinger reveals that his plan is to rob the U. S. Bullion Depository at Fort Knox by releasing Delta 9 nerve gas into the atmosphere. After Bond is recaptured by Pussy, Goldfinger has the mafiosi killed using the gas. Bond points out to Goldfinger that his plan to rob the depository will not work, as he will not have enough time to move the gold before the Americans intervene. Goldfinger hints he does not intend to steal the gold, Bond deduces that Goldfinger will detonate a dirty bomb inside the vault, designed to render the gold useless for 58 years; this will increase the value of Goldfinger's own gold and give the Chinese an advantage from the potential economic chaos. Goldfinger subtly threatens that should the Americans attempt to locate the bomb or interfere with his plan, he will have it detonated somewhere else of significance in the United States. Operation Grand Slam begins with Pussy Galore's Flying Circus spraying the gas over Fort Knox killing all of the military and government personnel nearby including Felix.
Goldfinger's private army breaks into Fort Knox and accesses the vault as Goldfinger arrives in a helicopter with the atomic device. In the vault, his henchman Kisch handcuffs Bond to the bomb. Unbeknownst to Goldfinger however, Bond has convinced Galore to alert the Americans and replace the gas with a harmless substance; the troops attack, killing many of Goldfinger's men. Seeing this, Goldfinger locks the vault, takes off his coat, revealing a US Army colonel's uniform, kills Mr. Ling and several troops, before escaping. Kisch realizes they are trapped and attempts to stop the bomb. Bond