Benjamin Griffey, better known by his stage name Casper, is a German American rapper signed to the German music label Sony Music. Casper was born in Extertal in North Rhine-Westphalia to a German mother and an American father, Arlen Griffey, a soldier stationed in Extertal, his family moved to Augusta, Georgia, in the United States, when he was two weeks old, where he lived in a trailer park. At the age of 11, he moved back to Germany and settled in Bielefeld with his mother and younger sister. Despite his mother being German, he had not been raised bilingually and therefore struggled at school initially. Casper was involved in many studio recordings such as Abroo and Separate. Together they founded the hip-hop group Kinder des Zorns. In 2004 they released their first and only album. In 2006 he released a mixtape called Die Welt Hört Mich with the label 667 - One More Than The Devil. In the two years following the release of Die Welt Hört Mich, he toured through Germany and on 9 May 2008 he released his first album, Hin Zur Sonne with the 667 record label.
In February 2009, he signed a contract with Selfmade Records. Together with Kollegah and Shiml, who were signed to Selfmade Records, they released Chronik 2 in April 2009. In October 2010 Casper signed a new contract with Four Music, his second album, XOXO, was released on 8 July 2011. Casper is known for his hoarse sounding voice: this was as a result of him having played in punk/hardcore bands in the early days of his music career which resulted in some damage to his vocal cords. Casper has been labelled as an "emo rapper", which he uses to describe himself, stating that he was fed up of being asked about his style, his lyrics are autobiographical, in particular in the song "Hin zur Sonne", describing his early life in America. Albums2008: Hin zur Sonne 2011: XOXO 2013: Hinterland 2017: Lang lebe der Tod 2018: 1982 together with MarteriaMixtapes2006: Die Welt hört mich 2007: Exclusive Mixtape EPs2003: Grundstein 2011: Auf und davon - EPFreetracks2006: Kann nicht verlieren 2006: Sie lieben mich jetzt 2007: Party wie die Rockstars 2008: Nie wieder 2011: Nie Wieder 2012: Nie Auf 2012: Halbe MilleCollaborations2004: Rap Art War 2009: Chronik 2 - Sampler with Kollegah and Favorite 2018: 1982 - Album with MarteriaSingles2009: Herz aus Holz 2009 2009: Mittelfinger hoch feat.
Kollegah and Favorite 2011: So perfekt 2011: Michael X 2011: Auf und davon 2013: Im Ascheregen 2013: Hinterland 2013: Jambalaya 2014: Alles endet 2016: Lang lebe der Tod feat. Blixa Bargeld, Dagobert & Sizarr 2017: Keine Angst feat. Drangsal 2017: Alles ist erleuchtet 2018: Champion Sound with Marteria 2018: Supernova with Marteria 2018: Chardonnay & Purple Haze with Marteria 2011: 1LIVE Krone - Best Album 2012: Gold Record for XOXO 2012: ECHO Award - Hip-Hop/Urban category Casper is a fan of the football club Arminia Bielefeld, his song "Eines Tages" is dedicated to Arminia Bielefeld. In the 1LIVE Schulduell, the winning school, Geschwister-Scholl-Gymnasium in Düsseldorf won an exclusive concert with Casper
Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets
Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets is a 1991 book written by Baltimore Sun reporter David Simon describing a year spent with detectives from the Baltimore Police Department Homicide Unit. The book received the 1992 Edgar Award in the Best Fact Crime category; the book was subsequently fictionalized as the NBC television drama Homicide: Life on the Street, on which Simon served as a writer and producer. Many of the key detectives and incidents portrayed in the book provided inspiration for the first two seasons of the show, with other elements surfacing in seasons as well, it also provided inspiration for the HBO television series The Wire. David Simon, a reporter for The Baltimore Sun, spent four years on the police beat before taking a leave of absence to write this book, he had persuaded the Baltimore Police Department to allow him access to the city's Homicide Unit for calendar year 1988, throughout that year he shadowed one shift of detectives as they investigated cases, conducted interrogations, executed search and arrest warrants, testified at trials.
Baltimore recorded 234 murders during the year Simon spent with the Homicide Unit. A total of 567 murders occurred in the city for the years 1989 and 1990 combined, the period during which Simon wrote Homicide; the book was published in 1991. Simon said he was interested in the demythification of the American detective. Although detectives are portrayed as noble characters who care about their victims, Simon believed real detectives regarded violence as a normal aspect of their jobs. Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets provides a sympathetic but unromantic portrait of crime fighting in a major American city at the height of the late 1980s crime epidemic; the book is notable for the detailed look it gives into the professional lives of police detectives and the mix of quirky and sometimes tragic cases they investigated. The case of Latonya Kim Wallace, a young girl, sexually assaulted and murdered, is the most notable case in the book. Tom Pellegrini was the primary detective on the case; the Adena Watson case in Homicide: Life on the Street was based on this case, the travails on it of new Detective Tim Bayliss were based on Pellegrini's experiences.
Simon described it as "the spine of the book". The case of Geraldine Parrish, a woman who took out insurance policies on her five husbands and relatives, arranged for them to be murdered. One would-be victim was her three-year-old niece; the Black Widow received concurrent life sentences. The primary detective on the case was Donald Waltemeyer, his experiences would involve a memorable exhumation scene, with two attempts resulting in the wrong man being dug up; the case of character of Calpurnia Church, in the original and third episodes of Homicide: Life on the Street, was based on Geraldine Parrish. Cassidy, a patrolman and close friend of detective sergeant Terry McLarney, was shot in the head at point blank range with a.357 Magnum handgun. Although expected to die or be left disabled by his injuries, Cassidy made a full mental recovery but was left blind and without his sense of smell or taste. A drug dealer named Butchie Frazier was convicted of attempted murder in the first degree; the case inspired the character of Blind Butchie on The Wire, a blind Baltimore drug dealer, soft-spoken and not vicious.
The Cassidy story was worked into the first season of Homicide: Life on the Street and was the largest storyline for the Det. Steve Crosetti character, where a cop played by Lee Tergesen was left blinded by a shooting in the line of duty and Crosetti moved mountains to put the assailant in prison. McLarney felt a great deal of disillusionment by the way that the BPD seemed unable to understand or help Cassidy in the aftermath of the shooting; the jury's actions became the basis for a Season 4 storyline where Bruce Campbell played a cop whose father, a retired officer, was strangled to death by a suspect, acquitted by a disinterested jury. A young car thief fleeing officers was fatally shot in the back. Of the officers in pursuit, only one had fired a round from his weapon, this accidental shot was found embedded in the asphalt. With no clear murder weapon and facing silence from the uniforms on the scene, detective Donald Worden was unable to close the case, making it the only unsolved police-related shooting in the Department's history.
The book notes several officers, including a primary suspect, were reassigned to administrative positions. Minor friction results between Worden and his sergeant on this case. A civilian suspect was a possibility, but the exposure of this development by a reporter shut down that investigative alley, infuriated Worden and Rick James, his partner, as they knew that information could only have come from a police officer; this story was worked into a Homicide: Life on the Street story where Det. Frank Pembleton investigated a police-involved shooting. Unlike the real case, the fictional story ended with a police officer being arrested and charged with the shooting. Gary Tuggle, an officer seconded to the homicide unit to help with the investigation, went on to serve in the Drug Enforcement Administration, he returned to Baltimore in March 2018 to take the post of Deputy Police Commiss
Cameron Jibril Thomaz, known professionally as Wiz Khalifa, is an American rapper, singer and actor. He released his debut album and Prove, in 2006, signed to Warner Bros. Records in 2007, his Eurodance-influenced single, "Say Yeah", received urban radio airplay, charting on the Rhythmic Top 40 and Hot Rap Tracks charts in 2008. Khalifa parted with Warner Bros. and released his second album, Deal or No Deal, in November 2009. He released the mixtape Kush and Orange Juice as a free download in April 2010, he is well known for his debut single for Atlantic, "Black and Yellow", which peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. His debut album for the label, Rolling Papers, was released on March 29, 2011, he followed that album with O. N. I. F. C. On December 4, 2012, backed by the singles "Work Hard, Play Hard" and "Remember You". Wiz released his fifth album Blacc Hollywood on August 18, 2014, backed by the lead single "We Dem Boyz". In March 2015, he released "See You Again" for the soundtrack of the film Furious 7 and the song peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for 12 non-consecutive weeks.
Khalifa was born Cameron Jibril Thomaz on September 8, 1987 in Minot, North Dakota, to parents serving in the military. His parents divorced, he is a military brat with his parents' military service causing him to move regularly. Khalifa lived in Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan before settling in Pittsburgh with his mother in around 1996 where he attended Taylor Allderdice High School. Soon after moving to Pittsburgh, Khalifa began to write and perform his own lyrics before he was a teenager, his stage name is derived from Khalifa, an Arabic word meaning "successor", wisdom, shortened to Wiz when Khalifa was a young boy. Khalifa stated to Spinner.com that the name came from being called "young Wiz'cause I was good at everything I did, my granddad is Muslim, so he gave me that name. He got a tattoo of his stage name on his 17th birthday. By the age of 15 he was recording his music in a studio called I. D. Labs; the management of the studio was so impressed by his lyrics that they allowed Khalifa to record for free.
This allowed him to receive professional grade studio time at no cost to him. This allowed him to receive more exposure at such a young age than other artists. Rostrum Records president Benjy Grinberg first heard about Wiz Khalifa in 2004 when the rapper's contribution to a mixtape of various new Pittsburgh artists attracted his interest; when Grinberg met the 16-year-old artist, he decided he wanted to work with him telling HitQuarters: "Even though he wasn't all the way developed you could just tell that he was a diamond in the rough, that with some polishing and backing he could become something special." Khalifa began a seven-year period of artist development. Khalifa released his first mixtape, Prince of the City: Welcome to Pistolvania, in 2005; the mixtape paved the way for his first full-length album entitled Show and Prove in 2006. Khalifa was declared an "artist to watch" that year in Rolling Stone magazine. In 2007, Khalifa signed to Warner Bros. Records and released two mixtapes through Rostrum Records: Grow Season, hosted by DJ Green Lantern and released on July 4, 2007, Prince of the City 2, released on November 20, 2007.
His debut Warner Bros. single "Say Yeah" reached number 25 on the Billboard Rhythmic Top 40 music chart and number 20 on Billboard's Hot Rap Tracks. The song samples "Better Off Alone" by Alice Deejay. Khalifa's vocals from "Say Yeah" appear near the end of Pittsburgh mash up producer Girl Talk's 2008 album, Feed the Animals, over music from Underworld's "Born Slippy", Usher's "Love in This Club", the Cure's "In Between Days". Khalifa appeared with The Game, David Banner and Play-n-Skillz at U92's Summer Jam at the USANA Amphitheatre in West Valley City, Utah on August 2, 2008. Khalifa released the mixtapes Star Power in September 2008, Flight School in April 2009 on Rostrum Records. Khalifa parted ways with Warner Bros. Records in July 2009 after numerous delays in releasing his planned debut album for the label, First Flight. Khalifa stated to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that, "I learned a lot during my time there and matured as an artist during the process. I'm happy to be moving on with all of my material and having the chance to be in control of my next moves".
Khalifa appeared with Girl Talk, Modey Lemon, Grand Buffet, Don Caballero at the Amphitheatre at Station Square in Pittsburgh on July 31, 2009, where he announced that his relationship with Warner Bros. was over. Continuing his association with Rostrum Records, Khalifa released the single "Teach U to Fly", the mixtape How Fly, a collaboration with New Orleans rapper Curren$y, on August 9, 2009. Khalifa introduced a more melodic style on the mixtape, alternating between rapping, he opened for Wu-Tang Clan member U-God at the 2009 CMJ Music Marathon in New York City. Khalifa released the mixtape Burn After Rolling on November 2, 2009, where he raps over familiar beats from other artists, including the songs "If I Were A Boy" and "Diva" by Beyoncé, "Walking on a Dream" by Empire of the Sun, "Luchini AKA This Is It" by Camp Lo, "Best I Ever Had" by Drake. Khalifa released his second album, Deal or No Deal, on November 24, 2009. Khalifa performed at Emo's in Austin, Texas in March 2010 as part of the 2010 South by Southwest Music Festival.
He appeared on the cover of XXL magazine that same month, for the magazine's annual list of Top 10 Freshman, which included Donnis, J. Cole, Freddie Gibbs, Fashawn. Wiz Khalifa was named 2010 "Ro
Homicide: Life on the Street
Homicide: Life on the Street is an American police procedural television series chronicling the work of a fictional version of the Baltimore Police Department's Homicide Unit. It ran for seven seasons on NBC from January 31, 1993 to May 21, 1999, was succeeded by Homicide: The Movie, which served as the de facto series finale; the series was based on David Simon's book Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets. Many of the characters and stories used throughout the show were based on events depicted in the book. While Homicide featured an ensemble cast, Andre Braugher emerged as a breakout star through his portrayal of Detective Frank Pembleton; the show won Television Critics Association Awards for Outstanding Achievement in Drama in 1996, 1997, 1998. It became the first drama to win three Peabody Awards for drama in 1993, 1995, 1997, it received recognition from the Primetime Emmy Awards, Satellite Awards, Image Awards, Viewers for Quality Television, GLAAD Media Awards and Young Artist Awards.
In 1997, the episode "Prison Riot" was ranked No. 32 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time. In 2007, it was listed as one of TIME magazine's "Best TV Shows of All-TIME." In 1996, TV Guide named the series'The Best Show You're Not Watching'. The show placed #46 on Entertainment Weekly's "New TV Classics" list. In 2013, TV Guide ranked it #55 on its list of the 60 Best Series of All Time. Homicide: Life on the Street was adapted from Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets, a non-fiction book by Baltimore Sun reporter David Simon, based on his experience following a Baltimore Police Department homicide unit. Simon, who became a consultant and producer with the series, said he was interested in the demythification of the American detective. While detectives are portrayed as noble characters who care about their victims, Simon believed real detectives regarded violence as a normal aspect of their jobs. Simon sent the book to film director and Baltimore native Barry Levinson with the hopes that it would be adapted into a film, but Levinson thought it would be more appropriate material for television because the stories and characters could be developed over a longer period of time.
Levinson believed a television adaptation would bring a fresh and original edge to the police drama genre because the book exploded many of the myths of the police drama genre by highlighting that cops did not always get along with each other, that criminals got away with their crimes. Levinson approached screenwriter Paul Attanasio with the material, Homicide became Attanasio's first foray into television writing. Subsequently, all episodes of Homicide display the credit, "Created by Paul Attanasio" at the end of their opening sequence, a credit which both Eric Overmyer and James Yoshimura dispute on the DVD audio commentary to the season 5 episode, "The Documentary", claiming instead the show was created by Tom Fontana and Yoshimura; the series title was Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets, but NBC changed it so that viewers would not believe it was limited to a single year. Levinson was indifferent to the change, asserting that viewers would casually refer to the series as "Homicide" in either case.
The opening theme music was composed by Baltimore native Lynn F. Kowal, a graduate of the Peabody Institute of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Homicide's purpose was to provide its viewers with a no-nonsense, police procedural-type glimpse into the lives of a squad of inner-city detectives; as opposed to many television shows and movies involving cops, Homicide opted for a bleak sort of realism in its depiction of "The Job", portraying it as repetitive, spiritually draining, an existential threat to one's psyche glamour- and glory-free—but, nonetheless, a social necessity. In its attempt to do so, Homicide developed a trademark feel and look that distinguished itself from its contemporaries. For example, the series was filmed with hand-held 16 mm cameras entirely on-location in Baltimore, it regularly used music montages, jump cut editing, the three-times-in-a-row repetition of the same camera shot during crucial moments in the story. The episodes were noted for interweaving as many as three or four storylines in a single episode.
NBC executives asked the writers to focus on a single homicide case rather than multiple ones, but the show producers tended to resist this advice. Despite premiering in the coveted post-Super Bowl time slot, the show opened to lackluster ratings, cancellation was an immediate threat. However, the show's winning of two Emmy Awards and the success of another police drama—the more sensational NYPD Blue—helped convince NBC to give it another chance beyond the truncated, nine-episode-long first season. Homicide ranked behind ABC's 20/20 and CBS's Nash Bridges in the Nielsen ratings. Despite the poor ratings, reviews were strong from the beginning of the series. Commentators were impressed with the high number of strong, well-developed and non-stereotypical African American characters like Pembleton and Giardello; the police department scenes were shot at the historic City Recreation Pier in the Fells Point neighborhood in Baltimore. Although NBC pressured the show's producers to write happy endings to the homicide cases, the network gave an unusual amount of freedom for the writers to create darker stories and non-traditional detective story elements, like unsolve
Homicide (1949 film)
Homicide is a 1949 American crime drama directed by Felix Jacoves and written by William Sackheim. The film stars Robert Douglas, Helen Westcott, Robert Alda, Monte Blue, Warren Douglas and John Harmon; the film was released by Warner Bros. on April 2, 1949. Police Lt. Michael Landers suspects that a suicide at a local flop house isn't what it appears to be; when he boss doesn't share his suspicions, Landers takes a leave of absence and travels to a desert spa town in order to investigate the death. Robert Douglas as Police Lt. Michael Landers Helen Westcott as Jo Ann Rice Robert Alda as Andy Monte Blue as Sheriff George Warren Douglas as Brad Clifton John Harmon as Pete Kimmel James Flavin as Det. Lt. Boylan According to Warner Bros records the film earned $334,000 domestically and $172,000 foreign. Homicide on IMDb
Nelson Erazo is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Homicide. He is signed to Impact Wrestling, where he is a former one-time X Division Champion and three-time World Tag Team Champion, having won the NWA World Tag Team Championship twice and the TNA World Tag Team Championship once with tag team partner Hernandez, he is known from his time in Ring of Honor, where he held the World Championship once, as well as Pro Wrestling Guerrilla, where he is a one-time World Tag Team Champion and winner of the Tango & Cash Invitational tournament alongside B-Boy, Jersey All Pro Wrestling, where he has held both the Heavyweight Championship and the Tag Team Championship seven times each. A native of Brooklyn, Erazo was a wrestling fan from the age of five and decided that he wanted to become a wrestler at the age of fifteen. After amassing a series of athletic qualifications including football and amateur wrestling, he was offered a scholarship to the University of Miami, which he rejected, preferring to pursue "fast money".
Erazo trained himself as a wrestler in a bodega, debuting on March 5, 1993. After wrestling for three years without any formal training, Erazo attended a professional wrestling school in New Jersey operated by Manny Fernandez. Erazo worked on the independent circuit throughout the 1990s. In 1997, Erazo was part of faction called The Wrecking Crew in Bobby Lombardi's Long Island Wrestling Federation. While on a year-long hiatus from wrestling, he operated a training school in Cypress Hills New York known as LIWF's "The Doghouse" along with Laithon and Lowlife Louie; the Doghouse/LIWF produced 22 graduates, including a number of ROH wrestlers, such as Low Ki. Erazo formed a tag team called The Natural Born Sinners with Boogalou. Homicide joined Jersey All Pro Wrestling on September 7, 1997 and became a mainstay of the promotion, he formed a tag team with Kane D known as The Nation of Immigration, on March 22, 1998, The N. O. I. Defeated The Sickness and The Blood Angels in a three-way tag match for the JAPW Tag Team Championship in Newark, New Jersey.
They lost the title to The Skin Head Express on May 20, but regained them on August 25, defeating Russ and Charlie Haas in a weapons match. Their second reign lasted until January 29. Homicide would hold the title twice more, with Don Montoya and with B-Boy. Homicide won the JAPW Heavyweight Championship for the first time on July 9, 1999 by defeating Don Montoya in Bayonne, New Jersey, he lost the title to Chino Martinez on August 29. His second reign began when the champion, vacated the title on November 18, 2000 by no-showing the event. Homicide defeated Jay Lover for the vacant title that same night in the ECW Arena in Philadelphia, he lost the title to one of his students, Low Ki, on July 7, 2001. Three more Heavyweight Championship reigns followed in 2001 and 2002, with Homicide establishing himself as a dominant player in JAPW. Homicide's increasing commitments, including tours of Japan with Big Japan Pro Wrestling and ZERO-ONE, led to a decline in his involvement in JAPW after late-2002.
Dan Maff, another student of Homicide's, won the JAPW Heavyweight Championship on December 13, 2003. He held the title throughout 2004. In March 2005, however and Maff had a legitimate falling-out, with Homicide announcing that Maff had betrayed him, that he would refuse to work for any promotion which employed Maff; this led to Maff being blacklisted from the professional wrestling indy circuit. As a result, the JAPW Heavyweight Championship was vacated. Jay Lethal had pursued the JAPW Heavyweight Championship for several months and was expected to be the next champion; the title was put on the line in a match between Lethal and an undisclosed opponent on March 26. The opponent was revealed to be the returning Homicide, who defeated Lethal for an unparalleled sixth JAPW Heavyweight Championship, his reign lasted until May 21, when Lethal won the belt in a four-way match. The following week, Homicide announced that he was temporarily leaving JAPW, but promised to go on a "murdering spree" and become a seven-time JAPW Heavyweight Champion when he returned.
On October 22, 2005, Homicide teamed with his long-term nemesis Teddy Hart to defeat the Backseat Boyz for the JAPW Tag Team Championship. Their reign lasted until November 12 of that year, when Acid regained the title. On June 9, 2007, Homicide and his Latin American Xchange partner Hernandez defeated Jay Lethal and Azrieal to win the JAPW Tag Team titles, which they would hold for over a year before dropping them to The Full Blooded Italians of Little Guido and Tracy Smothers on November 15, 2008. On October 27, 2007, Homicide made good on his word when he defeated Low Ki to win the JAPW Heavyweight Title for a record–setting seventh time, he would, lose the title back to Low Ki that same night when Teddy Hart attacked him during a tag team match between LAX and BLKOUT, where both the Heavyweight and the Tag Team titles were on the line. On May 22, 2010, Homicide wrestled one of his biggest matches in JAPW, defeating Japanese legend Jushin Thunder Liger in the main event of the show. Homicide returned to JAPW on April 14, 2012, when he and Eddie Kingston defeated Philly's Most Wanted to win the vacant JAPW Tag Team Championship.
Homicide's first main independent exposure came in 2002 when he was recruited by the upstart Ring of Honor promotion. He and Boogalou wrestled on the first ROH show, The Era of Honor Begins, on February 23, were defeated by the Boogie Knights, by way of DQ; the Natural Born Sinners were a dominant tag team in RO
Homicide is the act of one human killing another. A homicide requires only a volitional act by another person that results in death, thus a homicide may result from accidental, reckless, or negligent acts if there is no intent to cause harm. Homicides can be divided into many overlapping legal categories, including murder, justifiable homicide, killing in war and capital punishment, depending on the circumstances of the death; these different types of homicides are treated differently in human societies. Criminal homicide takes many forms including purposeful murder. Criminal homicide is divided into two broad categories and manslaughter, based upon the state of mind and intent of the person who commits the homicide. Murder is the most serious crime. In many jurisdictions, homicide may be punished by life in prison or capital punishment. Although categories of murder can vary by jurisdiction, murder charges fall under two broad categories: First degree murder: the premeditated, intentional killing of another person.
Second degree murder: The intentional, unlawful killing of another person, but without any premeditation. In some jurisdictions, a homicide that occurs during the commission of a dangerous crime may constitute murder, regardless of the actor's intent to commit homicide. In the United States, this is known as the felony murder rule. In simple terms, under the felony murder rule a person who commits a felony may be guilty of murder if someone dies as a result of the commission of the crime, including the victim of the felony, a bystander or a co-felon, regardless their intent—or lack thereof—to kill, when the death results from the actions of a co-defendant or third party, reacting to the crime. Manslaughter is a form of homicide in which the person who commits the homicide either does not intend to kill the victim, or kills the victim as the result of circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to become or mentally disturbed to the point of losing control of their actions; the distinction between murder and manslaughter is sometimes said to have first been made by the ancient Athenian lawmaker Draco in the 7th century BC.
The penalty for manslaughter is less than the penalty for murder. The two broad categories of manslaughter are: Voluntary manslaughter: the intentional, unpremeditated killing of another person as the result of a disturbed state of mind, or heat of passion. Involuntary manslaughter: the unintentional killing of another person through an act of recklessness that shows indifference to the lives and safety of others, or an act of negligence that could reasonably be foreseen to result in death; the act that results in death may be intentional, such as pushing somebody in anger, but their death is not. Another form of manslaughter in some jurisdictions is constructive manslaughter, which may be charged in the event that a person causes a death without intention, but as the result of violating an important safety law or regulation. Not all homicides are crimes, or subject to criminal prosecution; some are privileged, meaning that they are not criminal acts at all. Others may occur under circumstances that provide the defendant with a full or partial defense to criminal prosecution.
Common defenses include: Self-defense: while most homicides by civilians are criminally prosecutable, a right of self-defense is recognized, including, in dire circumstances, the use of deadly force. Mental incapacity: A defendant may attempt to prove that they are not criminally responsible for a homicide due to a mental disorder. In some jurisdictions, mentally incompetent killers may be involuntarily committed in lieu of criminal trial. Mental health and development are taken into account during sentencing. For example, in the United States, the death penalty cannot be applied to convicted murderers with intellectual disabilities.if the defendant in a capital case is sufficiently mentally disabled in the United States they cannot be executed. Instead, the individual is placed under the category of "insane". Defense of infancy - Small children are not held criminally liable before the age of criminal responsibility. A juvenile court may handle defendants above this age but below the legal age of majority, though because homicide is a serious crime some older minors are charged in an adult justice system.
Age is sometimes taken into account during sentencing if the perpetrator is old enough to have criminal responsibility. Justifiable homicide or privilege: Due to the circumstances, although a homicide occurs, the act of killing is not unlawful. For example, a killing on the battlefield during war is lawful, or a police officer may shoot a dangerous suspect in order to protect the officer's own life or the lives and safety of others; the availability of defenses to a criminal charge following a homicide may affect the homicide rate. For example, it has been suggested that the availability of "stand your ground" defense has resulted in an increase in the homicide rate in U. S. jurisdictions. Killing by governments and the agents thereof may be considered lawful or unlawful according to: Domestic law International law to which the government has agreed by treaty Peremptory norms which are de facto enforced as obligatory on all countries, such as prohibitions against genocide and slaveryTypes of state killings include: Capital