The Honda Accord is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, best known for its four-door sedan variant, one of the best-selling cars in the United States since 1989. The Accord nameplate has been applied to a variety of vehicles worldwide, including coupes, hatchbacks, a crossover. Since initiation, Honda has offered several different car body styles and versions of the Accord, vehicles marketed under the Accord nameplate concurrently in different regions differ quite substantially, it debuted in 1976 as a compact hatchback, though this style only lasted through 1989, as the line-up was expanded to include a sedan and wagon. By the Accord's sixth generation at the end of the 1980s, it evolved into an intermediate vehicle, with one basic platform but with different bodies and proportions to increase its competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets. For the eighth generation of the Accord released for the North America market in 2007, Honda had again chosen to move the model further up-scale and increase its size.
This pushed the Accord sedan from the upper limit of what the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency defines as a mid-size car to just above the lower limit of a full-size car, with the coupe still rated as a mid-size car. In 2012, the ninth-generation Accord sedan, with smaller exterior dimensions, was once again classified as a mid-size car at 119 cubic feet, falling just shy of the "Large Car" classification. However, the current 10th-generation Accord, with similar exterior dimensions, returned to full-size car status with its combined interior space of 123 cubic feet; the coupe has since been discontinued. After a period of developing idiosyncratic automobiles such as the Honda 1300 that met a lukewarm response in both Japan and North America, Honda considered pulling out of automobile manufacturing altogether by the early 1970s. However, Honda released a more conventional automobile in 1972 called the "Civic" which reversed their flagging fortunes due to its economy and low cost in an era of rising fuel prices.
The Civic utilized Honda's CVCC technology used in the Accord, to help Honda meet emission standards of the 1970s and early 1980s without the added expense of a catalytic converter. Buoyed by their success with the Civic, Honda turned their sights to developing a larger companion model. For the new model, Honda chose the name "Accord", reflecting "Honda's desire for accord and harmony between people and the automobile."Soichiro Honda was the owner of a 1969 Pontiac Firebird, to which the Accord's predecessor, the Honda 1300, bore a striking frontal resemblance. Initial planning done by Honda for what would become the Accord was for a sporty competitor in the pony car market, at the size of a contemporary Ford Mustang, powered by a six-cylinder engine. With the continuing fuel crisis and tighter emissions regulations surrounding the automotive market, Honda engineers changed their focus on the Accord as a Mustang competitor, built upon the Civic's successful formula of economy, fuel efficiency and a front-wheel drive layout in a larger package.
A December 1975 issue of Motor Trend Magazine had a drawing of a new Honda automobile, similar in shape to the Volkswagen Scirocco but powered with a CVCC engine used in the Civic. In reality, the design of the Accord was finalized in the fall of 1973 weeks prior to the debut of the Scirocco, which debuted in January 1974. In 1982, the Accord became the first car from a Japanese manufacturer to be produced in the United States when production commenced in Marysville, Ohio at Honda's Marysville Auto Plant; the Accord has achieved considerable success in the United States, where it was the best-selling Japanese car for sixteen years, topping its class in sales in 1991 and 2001, with around ten million vehicles sold. Numerous road tests and present, rate the Accord as one of the world's most reliable vehicles; the Accord has been on the Driver 10Best list a record 30 times. In 1989, the Accord was the first vehicle sold under an import brand to become the best-selling vehicle in the United States.
The first generation Honda Accord was launched on 7 May 1976 as a three-door hatchback with 68 hp, a 93.7-inch wheelbase, a weight of about 2,000 pounds. Japanese market cars claimed 80 PS JIS, while European and other export markets received a model without emissions control equipment, it was a platform expansion of the earlier Honda Civic at 4,125 mm long. To comply with enacted emission regulations enacted in Japan, the engine was fitted with Honda's CVCC technology; the Accord sold well due to great fuel economy. It was one of the first Japanese sedans with features like cloth seats, a tachometer, intermittent wipers, an AM/FM radio as standard equipment. In 1978 an LX version of the hatchback was added which came with air conditioning, a digital clock, power steering; until the Accord, the related Prelude, power steering had not been available to cars under two liters. Japanese buyers were liable for more annual road tax over the smaller Civic, which had a smaller engine. On 14 October 1977, a four-door sedan was added to the lineup, power went to 72 hp when the 1,599 cc EF1 engine was supplemented and in certain markets replaced by the 1,751 cc an EK-1 unit.
In 1980 the optional two-speed semi-automatic transmission of previous years became a three-speed automatic gearbox (a four-speed automatic transaxle was not used in the Accord un
Honda Motor Company, Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft and power equipment. Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda became the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer in 2001. Honda was the eighth largest automobile manufacturer in the world in 2015. Honda was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to release a dedicated luxury brand, Acura, in 1986. Aside from their core automobile and motorcycle businesses, Honda manufactures garden equipment, marine engines, personal watercraft and power generators, other products. Since 1986, Honda has been involved with artificial intelligence/robotics research and released their ASIMO robot in 2000, they have ventured into aerospace with the establishment of GE Honda Aero Engines in 2004 and the Honda HA-420 HondaJet, which began production in 2012.
Honda has three joint-ventures in China. In 2013, Honda invested about 5.7 % of its revenues in development. In 2013, Honda became the first Japanese automaker to be a net exporter from the United States, exporting 108,705 Honda and Acura models, while importing only 88,357. Throughout his life, Honda's founder, Soichiro Honda, had an interest in automobiles, he worked as a mechanic at the Art Shokai garage, where he entered them in races. In 1937, with financing from his acquaintance Kato Shichirō, Honda founded Tōkai Seiki to make piston rings working out of the Art Shokai garage. After initial failures, Tōkai Seiki won a contract to supply piston rings to Toyota, but lost the contract due to the poor quality of their products. After attending engineering school without graduating, visiting factories around Japan to better understand Toyota's quality control processes, by 1941 Honda was able to mass-produce piston rings acceptable to Toyota, using an automated process that could employ unskilled wartime laborers.
Tōkai Seiki was placed under control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry at the start of World War II, Soichiro Honda was demoted from president to senior managing director after Toyota took a 40% stake in the company. Honda aided the war effort by assisting other companies in automating the production of military aircraft propellers; the relationships Honda cultivated with personnel at Toyota, Nakajima Aircraft Company and the Imperial Japanese Navy would be instrumental in the postwar period. A US B-29 bomber attack destroyed Tōkai Seiki's Yamashita plant in 1944, the Itawa plant collapsed in 13 January 1945 Mikawa earthquake. Soichiro Honda sold the salvageable remains of the company to Toyota after the war for ¥450,000, used the proceeds to found the Honda Technical Research Institute in October 1946. With a staff of 12 men working in a 16 m2 shack, they built and sold improvised motorized bicycles, using a supply of 500 two-stroke 50 cc Tohatsu war surplus radio generator engines.
When the engines ran out, Honda began building their own copy of the Tohatsu engine, supplying these to customers to attach to their bicycles. This was the Honda A-Type, nicknamed the Bata Bata for the sound. In 1949, the Honda Technical Research Institute was liquidated for ¥1,000,000, or about US$5,000 today. At about the same time Honda hired engineer Kihachiro Kawashima, Takeo Fujisawa who provided indispensable business and marketing expertise to complement Soichiro Honda's technical bent; the close partnership between Soichiro Honda and Fujisawa lasted until they stepped down together in October 1973. The first complete motorcycle, with both the frame and engine made by Honda, was the 1949 D-Type, the first Honda to go by the name Dream. Honda Motor Company grew in a short time to become the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles by 1964; the first production automobile from Honda was the T360 mini pick-up truck, which went on sale in August 1963. Powered by a small 356-cc straight-4 gasoline engine, it was classified under the cheaper Kei car tax bracket.
The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car, which followed the T360 into production in October 1963. Its chain-driven rear wheels pointed to Honda's motorcycle origins. Over the next few decades, Honda worked to expand its product line and expanded operations and exports to numerous countries around the world. In 1986, Honda introduced the successful Acura brand to the American market in an attempt to gain ground in the luxury vehicle market; the year 1991 saw the introduction of the Honda NSX supercar, the first all-aluminum monocoque vehicle that incorporated a mid-engine V6 with variable-valve timing. CEO Tadashi Kume was succeeded by Nobuhiko Kawamoto in 1990. Kawamoto was selected over Shoichiro Irimajiri, who oversaw the successful establishment of Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc. in Marysville, Ohio. Irimajiri and Kawamoto shared a friendly rivalry within Honda. Following the death of Soichiro Honda and the departure of Irimajiri, Honda found itself being outpaced in product development by other Japanese automakers and was caught off-guard by the truck and sport utility vehicle boom of the 1990s, all which took a toll on the profitability of the company.
Japanese media reported in 1992 and 1993 that Honda was at serious risk of an unwanted and hostile takeov
Acura is the American luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda. The brand was launched in the United States and Canada on 27 March 1986, marketing luxury and high-performance vehicles, it was introduced to Hong Kong in 1991, Mexico in 2004, China in 2006, Russia in 2014 and Kuwait in 2015, is sold in Ukraine. Honda's plan to introduce Acura to the Japanese domestic market in 2008 was delayed, due to economic reasons, withheld as a result of the 2008 financial crisis. Acura holds the distinction of being the first American-Japanese automotive luxury brand; the creation of Acura coincided with the introduction of a JDM Honda dealership sales channel, called Honda Clio, which sold luxury vehicles, joining established Honda Verno, followed by Honda Primo the following year. In its first few years of existence, Acura was among the best-selling luxury marques in the US. Though sales were down in the mid-to-late 1990s, the brand experienced a revival in the early 2000s, due to drastic redesigns and the introductions of new models.
In the late 1980s, the success of the company's first flagship vehicle, the Legend, inspired fellow Japanese automakers Toyota and Nissan to launch their own luxury brands and Infiniti, respectively. The 1990 launch of the NSX, a mid-engine exotic sports car, offered a reliable and practical alternative to exotic European sports cars, introduced Honda's VTEC variable valve timing system to the North American market; the 1993 Legend coupé featured Honda's first use of a six-speed manual transmission, mated to a Type II engine. In the late 1990s, Acura produced a Type R version of its compact Integra coupé, which featured a reduced curb weight, a stiffer and lower suspension, a high-output VTEC engine. In the early 2000s, Acura introduced new models, including the company's first all-original SUV, the MDX, two models which replaced the Integra coupé and sedan, the RSX and TSX, respectively. Type-S versions of the RSX, CL, TL were added to the brand's lineup during that decade. Acura's 2005 RL flagship introduced a torque-vectoring all-wheel drive system.
The 2007 RDX, a crossover SUV, featured the first North American use of a turbocharged Honda engine. In the 2010s, Acura debuted more new models, including the ILX, TLX, RLX, the latter of which introduced Acura's Jewel Eye LED headlights. A second generation NSX was launched in 2016 and features a twin-turbocharged mid-engine, a nine-speed dual-clutch transmission, Sport Hybrid SH-AWD; the brand was created around the same time as Japanese rivals Nissan and Toyota developed their Infiniti and Lexus premium brands respectively. The Japanese government imposed voluntary export restraints for the U. S. market, so it was more profitable for Japanese automakers to export more expensive cars to the U. S. Following a decade of research, Honda opened 60 new dealerships in North America by 1986, to support its Acura automobile division. Acura was the first Japanese luxury brand, introduced under the slogan, "Acura. Precision Crafted Automobiles." Its initial offering consisted of two models: the executive class Legend and the compact class Integra, available as a five-door and three-door hatchback.
The Legend was the result of Project XX, a joint venture Honda entered into with the UK's Austin Rover Group. It was mechanically related to the Rover 800 series, while the Integra was an improvement of the Honda Quint hatchback; the success of these models the Legend, led to competing Japanese luxury brand ventures. The goal of the Legend was to compete with rivals Toyota Crown and the Nissan Cedric and Gloria, but due to its 1986 introduction worldwide, Toyota and other companies like Lincoln took notice of the markets reaction to the Legend and the Vigor and offered vehicles that addressed the executive size car. Toyota introduced the Lexus ES, Nissan introduced the Infiniti J30 and Ford utilized the Taurus platform and named their new sedan the Lincoln Continental. In 1987, Acura's first full year of sales, they sold 109,000 cars with the flagship Legend sedan accounting for 55,000 sales and the rest were of the smaller Integra. By 1990, Acura was selling 138,000 vehicles, including 54,000 Legends, compared to Mercedes-Benz's 78,000 cars and 64,000 each for BMW and Lexus.
In 1990, five years after the debut of the Legend and Integra, Acura introduced the NSX, a midship V6 powered, rear-wheel-drive sports car. The NSX, an acronym for "New Sports eXperimental", was billed as the first Japanese car capable of competing with Ferrari and Porsche; this vehicle served as an "image car" for both the Honda and Acura brands, heralding the introduction of Honda's VTEC technology. The NSX was the world's first all-aluminum production car, was marketed and viewed by some as the "Everyday Supercar" thanks in part to its ease of use and reliability, traits that were unheard of in the supercar segment at the time. With the release of the NSX, Acura introduced the "A-badge", a stylized pair of calipers—a tool used for exacting measurements to imply that Acura vehicles are built to precise and demanding standards. Despite a strong start in market acceptance for the Acura brand, sales suffered in the mid-to-late 1990s; some critics attributed this decline in part to less inspiring designs, which were re-branded Japanese-spec Hondas, such as the Acura Vigor in 1992.
Additionally, during this time Acura switched to an alphanumeric nomenclature formula, dropping the Legend and Integra titles, following the lead of the NS
A starter is a device used to rotate an internal-combustion engine so as to initiate the engine's operation under its own power. Starters can be pneumatic, or hydraulic. In the case of large engines, the starter can be another internal-combustion engine. Internal-combustion engines are feedback systems, once started, rely on the inertia from each cycle to initiate the next cycle. In a four-stroke engine, the third stroke releases energy from the fuel, powering the fourth stroke and the first two strokes of the next cycle, as well as powering the engine's external load. To start the first cycle at the beginning of any particular session, the first two strokes must be powered in some other way than from the engine itself; the starter motor is used for this purpose and is not required once the engine starts running and its feedback loop becomes self-sustaining. Before the advent of the starter motor, engines were started by various methods including wind-up springs, gunpowder cylinders, human-powered techniques such as a removable crank handle which engaged the front of the crankshaft, pulling on an airplane propeller, or pulling a cord, wound around an open-face pulley.
The hand-crank method was used to start engines, but it was inconvenient and dangerous. The behavior of an engine during starting is not always predictable; the engine can kick back. Many manual starters included a one-directional slip or release provision so that once engine rotation began, the starter would disengage from the engine. In the event of a kickback, the reverse rotation of the engine could engage the starter, causing the crank to unexpectedly and violently jerk injuring the operator. For cord-wound starters, a kickback could pull the operator towards the engine or machine, or swing the starter cord and handle at high speed around the starter pulley. Though cranks had an overrun mechanism, when the engine started, the crank could begin to spin along with the crankshaft and strike the person cranking the engine. Additionally, care had to be taken to retard the spark in order to prevent backfiring. Although users were advised to cup their fingers and thumb under the crank and pull up, it felt natural for operators to grasp the handle with the fingers on one side, the thumb on the other.
A simple backfire could result in a broken thumb. Moreover larger engines with higher compression ratios made hand cranking a more physically demanding endeavour; the first electric starter was installed on an Arnold, an adaptation of the Benz Velo, built in 1896 in East Peckham, England, by electrical engineer H. J. Dowsing. In 1903, Clyde J. Coleman invented and patented the first electric starter in America U. S. Patent 0,745,157. In 1911, Charles F. Kettering, with Henry M. Leland, of Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company and filed U. S. Patent 1,150,523 for an electric starter in America. One aspect of the invention lay in the realization that a small motor, driven with higher voltage and current than would be feasible for continuous operation, could deliver enough power to crank the engine for starting. At the voltage and current levels required, such a motor would burn out in a few minutes of continuous operation, but not during the few seconds needed to start the engine; the starters were first installed by Cadillac on production models in 1912, with the same system being adopted by Lanchester that year.
These starters worked as generators once the engine was running, a concept, now being revived in hybrid vehicles. Although the electric starter motor was to come to dominate the car market, in 1912, there were several competing types of starter, with the Adams, S. C. A. T. and Wolseley cars having direct air starters, Sunbeam introducing an air starter motor with similar approach to that used for the Delco and Scott-Crossley electrical starter motors. The Star and Adler cars had spring motors, which used the energy stored in a spring driving through a reduction gear. If the car failed to start, the starter handle could be used to wind up the spring for a further attempt; the Ford Model T relied on hand cranks until 1919. It was still common for cars to be supplied with starter handles into the 1960s, this continued much for some makes. For the first examples of production German turbojet engines in World War II, Norbert Riedel designed a small two-stroke, opposed-twin gasoline engine to start both the Junkers Jumo 004 and BMW 003 aircraft gas turbines as a form of auxiliary power unit to get the central spindle of each engine design rotating — these were installed at the front of the turbojet, were themselves started by a pull-rope to get them running during the startup procedure for the jet engines they were fitted to.
Before Chrysler's 1949 innovation of the key-operated combination ignition-starter switch, the starter was operated by the driver pressing a button mounted on the floor or dashboard. Some vehicles had a peda
Honda Civic Si
The Honda Civic Si is a sport compact trim of Civic by Honda. The Si trim was introduced for the third generation of Honda Civics in both North America. In Canada and elsewhere the trim became known as the SiR for the sixth and seventh generations, the Si trim was equivalent to the USDM EX model. For the Japanese and European markets, the Civic Type R was adopted as the high-performance variant of the Civic, starting with the EK9 hatch for Japan in 1996 and with the EP3 hatch for Europe in 2001. In North America the Type R name was never used until the 2017 model year with the launch of the Honda Civic Type R. Previous to this the Si label was the highest in North America; the Civic Si contrasts with the more track-oriented and spartan Type R, which has less sound deadening and amenities in return for better performance. The Civic Si has been positioned as more of a full-featured sport trim, featuring luxury options such as a sunroof and a seven speaker audio system. Honda first adopted the Si badge for the Japanese domestic market third-generation Civic in November 1984.
Japanese and European Si's received a 120 PS DOHC engine, while US and Canadian cars were powered by a 91 hp, 12-valve SOHC engine. The Civic Si appeared in New Zealand and Australia in 1987, with specifications similar to those of the American-market Si; the Civic Si hatchback was absent from the 1988 Civic lineup, with only the CRX Si offered this model year. In 1989, the Civic Si hatchback was reintroduced to the US market; the 1992-1995 Civic Si model featured disc brakes, a power moonroof with tilt, cruise control, a dashboard clock, a 9,000 rpm tachometer with a 7,200 rpm redline, plastic wheel covers on 14 inch wheels, power side mirrors, body-coloured door handles, a 125 hp 1.6 L single-overhead cam D16Z6 VTEC engine with manual transmission. It enabled the car to hit 0 -- a quarter-mile time of 16.3 seconds at 86 mph. VTEC activated on the intake side and not the exhaust side, the result of the spark plug blocking the area where the cam follower would be. In 1994, rear speakers and optional ABS were added.
The Honda Civic Si was not sold in the US during model years 1996-1998. It started production again for the 2000 model years. After this brief hiatus, the Civic Si reappeared for 1999, available as a coupé only. With the adoption of the VTi badge in Europe and the SiR and Type R badges in Japan for the sports variants of Civics, the Si became a US-specific badge, a branding trend that would continue in subsequent Civic generations; the EP3 Civic Si of the USA and EP3 Civic SiR of Canada was marketed as the North American versions of the European EP3 Honda Civic Type R, manufactured in Swindon, England. Unlike other generations of the Civic Si, it does not share a body style or interior with the regular USDM Civic The Civic Si continued to be the sportiest Civic on offer in North America, although the badge was used on a somewhat sporting model in Europe; the US model has a 197 hp version of the K20 engine, a 6-speed manual transmission, sport seats, different styling. The Civic Si coupe debuted a few months after the initial launch of the 2006 models, with the Civic Si sedan following in 2006.
In addition to being built at Honda's Alliston, Ontario plant, it was manufactured at Sumaré, São Paulo, Brazil by Honda Brazil from January 2008. The 9th generation was the first generation to use a different engine than other models of the Honda Civic; the 9th generation Civic Si is available as a Sedan. Honda uses a new 2.4L K-Series which has increased displacement through longer piston stroke than the K20Z3 from the 8th generation Civic Si, yet the K24Z7 retains the 11.0:1 compression used in the K20Z3. The K24Z7 produces 170 lb ⋅ ft of torque. Honda retuned the exhaust system in early 2014, increasing the output to 205 hp and 174 lb⋅ft of torque; the K24Z7 is different than the K24Z7 found in the Honda CR-V. The redline of the K24Z7 is 7,000 rpm with a fuel cut at 7,200 rpm. A 6 speed manual transmission with a helical LSD is still offered as the only available transmission option for the Civic Si; the wing spoilers are different from the 8th generation, the interior of the car received slight updates with the addition of a rev limit indicator and a power meter displayed in the new i-MID.
Sway bars have been changed to F18mm/R15mm from the F28mm/R17mm in 8th generation. The chassis is more rigid, the curb weight is lower than the 8th generation. Announced at the 2011 SEMA Show in Las Vegas a HFP Version of the Civic was made available in a limited production of dealer installed performance parts which included: Lowered Suspension 18" HFP Diamond Cut Alloy Wheels Michelin Pilot Super Sport tires sized in 215/40-18 Full body Kit including front and side skirts HFP Badging HFP Branded Floor matsIn Canada the production was limited to 400. In the USA the production was limited to 500 available in all of the colors Honda Offered the Civic Si Coupe in. After the 2015 model year Honda did not produce the Civic Si for 2016; the 2017 Honda Civic Si was revealed in a live YouTube broadcast on April 6, 2017. It is powered by a more powerful version of the turbocharged 1.5L turbocharged four-cylinder engine used in other Civics. It went on sale d
Dongfeng Honda Automobile Co. Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, a 50:50 joint-venture between Dongfeng Motor Group and Honda Motor Company. It produces a variety of Honda models available in other markets and a handful of China-only products; the company sells vehicles under the Ciimo marques. According to Honda, the total production capacity for the two plants of Dongfeng Honda in Wuhan, were 480,000 units, yearly. However, Dongfeng Motor Group reported that 713,840 units were produced by Dongfeng Honda in 2017. Dongfeng Honda was established in July 2003 and began automobile production in April 2004 with the Honda CR-V sport utility vehicle. In February 2006, Dongfeng Honda completed a 2.8 billion yuan expansion of its production facility quadrupling production capacity to 120,000 units. In May 2008, it announced plans to double production capacity to 240,000 vehicles a year with an investment of 10 billion RMB; as of 2011, product part-content included parts manufactured in Japan.
As of 2016, Dongfeng Honda has a third planned. The as-yet-unbuilt factory will be situated near its 2012 production bases in Wuhan, Hubei, its product line has included the below vehicles: Honda Civic. Honda Gienia, a compact hatchback. List of Honda assembly plants Guangqi Honda Official site of Dongfeng-Honda
Honda Civic Type R
The Honda Civic Type R is the highest performance version of the Honda Civic manufactured by Honda Motor Company of Japan. It features specially tuned engine and upgraded brakes and chassis. Red is used in the Honda badge background to give it a special sporting distinction and to separate it from other models; the first Civic to receive the'Type R' name plate was based on the 6th-generation of the fan-base'EK' Civic. The contributing base model was the JDM Civic 3-door hatchback called the SiR. Like its sibling, the Integra Type R DC2/JDM DB8, the Civic SiR's transformation into a Type R was achieved by working on the base model and improving it to Honda's idea of a car capable of high performance on the circuit; the first Civic to receive the Type R badge was introduced in August 1997, as the EK9. The EK9 shared many characteristics with the Integra Type R DC2/JDM DB8 such as omission of sound deadening and other weight reduction measures, a hand-ported B16B engine, front helical limited-slip differential and a Close-ratio transmission.
The B16B engine boasted one of the highest power output per litre of all time for a aspirated engine with 185 PS at 8,200 rpm and 160 N⋅m at 7,500 rpm of torque from 1.6 L of displacement. For the first time, a strategically seam welded monocoque chassis was used to improve chassis rigidity; the interior featured red RECARO bucket seats, red door cards, red Type R floor mats, a titanium shift knob, a Momo leather-wrapped steering wheel. The EK9 was only available for sale in Japan. Performance figures include a 0–97 km/h acceleration time of 6.7 seconds and a quarter-mile time of 15.3 seconds. In 1998, the Civic Type R Motor Sports edition was introduced, it came without any creature comforts. Type Rx model was given a CD player, body coloured retractable electric door mirrors, power windows, auto air conditioning, keyless entry unlock system, aluminium sports pedals, a carbon type centre panel. In 1999, Honda tuning company Spoon Sports designed a N1 racing version of the Type R that had the B16B redline increased from 8,400 rpm to 11,000 rpm.
In 2001, Honda introduced the next generation of the Civic Type R as a unique 3-door hatchback to the UK market, manufactured in Swindon, England. This European Domestic Market Civic Type R featured a 200 PS 2.0-litre i-VTEC engine and the regular Type R treatment of seam welding, close ratio 6-speed transmission and upgraded brakes, but did not include some of the other higher-end features, such as the helical LSD and red Recaro race-seats, that were standard on the EK9. However, Honda marketed a JDM version of the EP3, which retained the renowned helical LSD similar to that of the EK9 and red Recaro race-seats. Other differences of the JDM model included a more track-oriented chassis/undercarriage settings as compared to the European model as well as a more powerful engine having a power output of 215 PS had a balanced crankshaft assembly with different intake manifold, exhaust manifold, higher-lift camshafts, higher-compression pistons, chrome-moly flywheel and ECU programming. All of the Japan-spec K20A Type R powertrains were built in Japan and shipped to the Swindon plant to be installed in the Japan-spec Type-R EP3.
The JDM EP3 was available in the traditional Type R championship white while the EDM was not. The EDM has more relaxed gear ratios and some high rpm torque traded for low rpm torque compared to the JDM. In 2003, the EP3 was updated with many improvements – revised EPS with quicker steering, revised suspension settings, projector headlamps, lighter clutch and flywheel assembly etc. Based on Honda literature, this facelifted model was targeted at addressing customers' and critics' feedback such as understeer on the limit, numb steering response and lack of low end torque. Performance 0–97 km/h in 5.8/6.5 seconds, 5.8/6.4 seconds 0–161 km/h in 15.1/16 secs Top speed 227 km/h and 235 km/h Note: JDM, EDM. Mugen Motorsports developed an upgraded version of the JDM Civic Type R, with a sport exhaust system and engine tuning, special Mugen Grille, anti-roll bars for pro racing activities. In 2003 Honda celebrated 30 years of the Civic badge by offering a special edition 30th Anniversary Civic Type R.
This special edition features red bucket seats from Recaro, air conditioning, privacy glass on the rear windows, a leather MOMO steering wheel, red interior carpet and door cards. The 30th Anniversary models in the UK were available in Nighthawk Black, Satin Silver and Milano Red. Only 300 of these models were produced, 100 in each colour. In 2005 towards the end of the EP3's production run, Honda introduced the Civic Type R Premier edition which had Recaro Trendline seats, a darker shade of fabric on the rear seat centre sections, a MOMO Steering Wheel, Red Carpet, Door Linings, "Type R" embossed into the front brake calipers and black privacy glass on the rear windows. Air conditioning was an option, they were available in Nighthawk Black, Cosmic Grey and Satin Silver. In 2004 Honda introduced the "C Package" option to Japan's Civ