Hongik University regarded as the best architecture and art school in South Korea, was founded by an independence activist in 1946. It is located in South Korea with a second campus in Sejong. Hongik University has design in South Korea; however the university offers a comprehensive range of undergraduate and graduate programs, with its fine arts college of 11 departments and architecture department most renowned and prestigious in Korea. As of 2007, the university was home to 14,500 undergraduate students and 2,600 graduate students, the undergraduate school is consisted of College of Fine Arts, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Liberal Arts, College of Architecture, College of Law, College of Economics and Business Administration; the graduate school provides research-based and practice-based programs in comprehensive fields including liberal arts, fine arts and design, economics, performing arts, urban planning, architecture and photography. The shortened term for Hongik University, "Hongdae," serves as a metonym for the neighborhood.
The main campus of the school is in west central Seoul, the second in Sejong. The neighborhood of the Seoul campus has been renowned for Korean indie music and art culture since the 1980s; until the 2000s, the district remained as an original indie hipster area for young adults, due to the incursion and expansion of corporate brands and real estate development, gentrification has become a serious issue for many years. As an outcome, the neighborhood has expanded to adjacent areas, it is a crowded and commercial district full of young adults who would like to enjoy hip restaurants, bars and night clubs, art galleries including alternative art spaces. The university was established shortly after Korean independence; the Daejongkyo founders, upon returning to Korea following Japanese surrender after years of exile in China, prioritized the establishment of an educational institution. As a result, in 1946, they founded the school named Hongmoon-daehakgwan. Lee Hung Soo, a wealthy Korean independent activist, donated the initial funds from which the university found its beginnings.
In August 1948, Hongik University and Hongik Foundation was approved by the Korean government. By 1950, the school had expanded to accommodate departments in law, liberal arts, political science, science; the school was forced to move to Busan during the Korean War. Upon its return to Seoul in 1953, the university continued its growth. In Seoul, the university continued to expand academic programs, including departments of business and economics, engineering, fine arts, handicrafts, as well as a Graduate School; the foundation established Hongik Junior Technical College, Hongik Junior and Senior High Schools, Hongik Girls' Junior and Senior High Schools, Hongik Elementary School. In 1971 Hongik College attained a new status, merging with Soo-Do Engineering College to form Hongik University, with twenty departments in the College of Business and Economics and Fine Arts, it was in 1971 that the Graduate School of Industrial Arts came into being. Evening classes and the College of Education were added in 1973, respectively.
In 1981-82, the Ministry of Education authorized the establishment of the College of Liberal Arts, the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, the Graduate School of Education. In keeping pace with the growing student enrollment, a program of physical expansion was pursued; the Liberal Arts Building and the Computer Center were completed in 1983 and 1985 and the construction of the Gymnasium was completed at the end of 1985. Two student dormitories were constructed: the first one, a six-story building of 122 square meters, was built in 1988, the other, a six-story building of 263 square meters with two underground floors, was built in 1989. In the same year, the auditorium, damaged by a fire, was remodeled, resulting in a three-story building of 282 square meters. 1989 saw the opening of a second campus at Sejong known as Jochiwon, Chungcheongnam-do. On April 23, 1988, the first phase of construction, including the lecture buildings, gymnasium and dormitories started. Sports facilities for baseball and tennis were added.
All these efforts culminated into 11 buildings as of March 1991. Further expansion took place from 1991 to 1994, with more departments and colleges being added to the university; the years 1986 through 1988 marked a period of further expansion in Hongik's educational programs. The Graduate School of International Business Administration and the College of Law & Economics were established; the Department of Art Science, the Department of Printmaking, the Department of Visual Design were added to the College of Fine Arts. In addition, the Institute of Fine Arts & Design Education was set up to provide continuing education for adults. In keeping pace with the growing student enrollment, a program of physical expansion was pursued; the Liberal Arts Building and the Computer Center were completed in 1983 and 1985 and the construction of the Gymnasium was completed at the end of 1985. Two student dormitories were constructed: the first one, a six-story building of 122 square meters, was built in 1988, the other, a six-story building of 263 square meters with two underground floors, was built in 1989.
In the same year, the auditorium, damaged by a fire, was remodeled, resulting in a three-story building of 282 square meters. In 1989 the College of Industrial Sciences, with eleven departments, was established at the second campus in Sejo
Hapjeong Station is a subterranean station of Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 6. The station is located just north of the Han River in Mapo-gu; the name of the subway station comes from its local name. The name of the area means clam well; the station is the southern end of Hongdae area, the mecca of urban arts and indie music culture of Seoul. It is closest to the historical site of Jeoldu-san, a place where over 10,000 Koreans of the Roman Catholic faith were beheaded in 1866 under the orders of Daewon-gun. Yanghwajin Foreigners' Cemetery and the Holt International Children's Services are located near the station; the northern end of Yanghwa Bridge is near the gates of the station
Jipyeong Station is a station on the Jungang Line in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. It is the eastern terminus of the commuter railway, running from Seoul to Yangpyeong County. Mugunghwa trains stop at this station, it was built in 1940 and serves the Gyeongui–Jungang Line of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway since 2017
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea
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Dongdaemun History & Culture Park station
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2, Line 4 and Line 5. The huge Dongdaemun Market district is centered on this station and Dongdaemun Station, located to the north across Cheonggyecheon; the Line 2 station is located in Euljiro-7-ga, Jung-gu, the Line 4 and 5 stations are located in Gwanghui-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul. This station is known to have the highest train-platform gap related accidents in the entire country of South Korea with the total of 365 feet accidents each year; this station's Line 5 Transfer passageway was closed between 18 July 2018 to 20 September 2018 because under construction. Exit 1: Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park Exit 2: Hanyang Middle & Technical High Schools Exit 13: National Medical Center Exit 14: CheonggyecheonThe headquarters of South Korean food company CJ Cheil Jedang is in the CJ Cheiljedang Building in Ssangnim-dong, Jung-gu, nearby to the station