Honorary titles in academia may be conferred on persons in recognition of contributions by a non-employee or by an employee beyond regular duties. This practice exists in the UK and some universities and colleges in the United States, Hong Kong, China, New Zealand, Japan and Canada. Examples of such titles are Honorary Professor, Honorary Fellow, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Honorary Reader, Honorary Lecturer, Visiting Fellow, Industrial Fellow. In the UK, this is the highest title to be awarded to individuals whom the university wish to appoint, to work with; these individuals are not university staffs nor employees. An external person is recommended by an internal university academic staff, recommended for approval by the head of department, for which the documents are forwarded to faculty dean, vice president and president for approval. Examples of UK universities who award honorary professorships are University of Essex, University of Manchester, Brunel University, Middlesex University, University of Bristol, Leicester University, University of Exeter, etc.
Procedures for evaluation and approval are overseen by university personnel or registrar office. Appointment is made formally by an appointment letter, for a fixed period of time and renewal is possible. Honorary professors are expected to contribute to the department of the university through giving seminars and joint research with university staffs. Requirements vary from university to university but contributions are expected from the appointee. In Taiwan, more titles are used to recognize different levels of individuals, they are: Honorary Distinguished Chair Professor Honorary Chair Professor Honorary Distinguished Professor Honorary Professor Honorary Associate Professor Honorary Assistant ProfessorIn China, top universities like Fudan University, Tsinghua University and Peking University have awarded Honorary Professorships. Recent recipients include Prof. Peter Bruce from Oxford, Prof. Reinhart Poprawe from Aachen Germany and Professor Thomas Sargent, Nobel Memorial Prize winner in Economics in 2011.
In Australia, Australian Catholic University, University of Queensland, RMIT, University of Western Australia, University of Wollongong, University of Canberra and Macquarie University all allow the appointment of honorary professors. In New Zealand, University of Otago, University of Waikato, University of Auckland have provisions for the appointment of honorary professors. Sir Richard Taylor was appointed honorary professor at Massey University. Prof. Mike Murphy of the Mitochondrial Biology Unit at University of Cambridge was appointed to honorary professor at University of Otago in 2016. In Denmark, the honorary professor title is conferred in recognition of a person's special contribution to the subject area associated with faculty's activities. Honorary professors are expected to: participate in research partnerships give lectures participate in PhD co-supervision or PhD examination committeeAlthough honorary professors are not paid a salary, the following expenses are compensated: travel and accommodation during visits to university daily expenses such as cost of meals a lecture feeAarhus University is an example university in Denmark that confers honorary professorship.
Persons of lower prestige and academic achievements are appointed at ranks other than professor. Honorary readers are viewed higher than honorary senior lecturer and honorary lecturer. A person can be promoted to the next higher honorary rank on recommendation by the internal university staff and department. Once approved at the university level, the title is changed. In certain UK universities, the title of Honorary Fellow is awarded to people from industry, whom the university wish to recognize and collaborate with. For example, Imperial College London, University College London and Queen Mary College London all have provisions for the award of honorary fellow; the University of Hong Kong awards Honorary Fellow and a recent award was made to Harry Shum from Microsoft Corporation. Various professional bodies, such as the Royal Institute of British Architects and IET UK have honorary fellowships; this is confused with honorary academic titles. A visiting professor or reader or senior lecturer or lecturer is someone who has taken time off his primary institution of employment to visit and collaborate with staff from another university.
Hence, the visiting appointment is for a short period of time, ranging from 3 months up to 1 year. This is not the same as an honorary appointment held in UK universities. However, in Germany, visiting lecturers and private lecturers can be conferred the titles of "Honorarprofessor" or "Außerplanmäßiger Professor" after several semesters of successful teaching. In addition to the honor and recognition, an honorary title sometimes permits non-employees to enjoy the privileges available to regular staff members, such as access to facilities and libraries, temporary stay in university housing, entitlement to a university business card, an email account, to receive a parking permit
This article addresses materialism in the economic sense of the word. For information on the philosophical and scientific meanings, see materialism. Materialism is a personal attitude which attaches importance to acquiring and consuming material goods; the use of the term materialistic tends to describe a person's personality or a society tends to have a negative or critical connotation. Called acquisitiveness, it is associated with a value system which regards social status as being determined by affluence, as well as the belief that possessions can provide happiness. Environmentalism can be considered a competing orientation to materialism. Materialism can be considered a pragmatic form of enlightened self-interest based on a prudent understanding of the character of market-oriented economy and society. Consumer research looks at materialism in two ways: one as a collection of personality traits. Russell W. Belk conceptualizes materialism to include three original personality traits. Nongenerosity – an unwillingness to give or share possession with others.
Envy – desire for other people's possessions. Possessiveness – concern about loss of possessions and a desire for the greater control of ownership. Acquisition centrality is when acquiring material possession functions as a central life goal with the belief that possessions are the key to happiness and that success can be judged by a person's material wealth and the quality and price of material goods she or he can buy. In the western world, there is a growing trend of increasing materialism in reaction to discontent. Research conducted in the United States shows that recent generations are focusing more on money and fame than before since the generations of Baby Boomers and Generation X. In one survey of Americans, over 7% said they would murder someone for $3 million and 65% of respondents said they would spend a year on a deserted island to earn $1 million. A survey conducted by the University of California and the American Council on Education on 250,000 new college students found that their main reason for attending college was to gain material wealth.
From the 1970s to the late 1990s, the percentage of students who stated that their main reason for going to college was to develop a meaningful life philosophy dropped from more than 80% to about 40%, while the purpose of obtaining financial gain rose from about 40% to more than 75%. A series of studies have observed a correlation between unhappiness. Studies in the United States have found that an increase in material wealth and goods in the country has had little to no effect on the well-being and happiness of its citizens. Tibor Scitovsky called this a "joyless economy" in which people endlessly pursue comforts to the detriments of pleasures. Using two measures of subjective well-being, one study found that materialism was negatively related to happiness, meaning that people who tended to be more materialistic were less happy; when people derive a lot of pleasure from buying things and believe that acquiring material possessions are important life goals, they tend to have lower life satisfaction scores.
Materialism positively correlates with more serious psychological issues like depression and paranoia. However, the relationship between materialism and happiness is more complex; the direction of the relationship can go both ways. Individual materialism can cause diminished well-being or lower levels of well-being can cause people to be more materialistic in an effort to get external gratification. Instead, research shows that purchases made with the intention of acquiring life experiences such as going on a family vacation make people happier than purchases made to acquire material possessions such as an expensive car. Just thinking about experiential purchases makes people happier than thinking about material ones. Anti-consumerism Capitalism Consumerism Greed Material feminism Post-materialism
The 2010 OFC Champions League Final was played over two legs between the winner of Group A Waitakere United from New Zealand and the winner of Group B PRK Hekari United from Papua New Guinea in the 2009–10 OFC Champions League. PRK Hekari United were crowned champions after defeating Waitakere United 4–2 on aggregate, ending New Zealand's dominance in the tournament since its inception in 2007. Throughout the opening round, Waitakere United had been in a two-horse race between themselves and fellow NZFC club Auckland City FC who had won the previous seasons Champions League. An early slip up against New Caledonian club AS Magenta saw the club slip to third in the group, however a strong performance in the return leg saw Waitakere win 4–1 at home and a 5–1 thrashing of Tahiti's AS Manu-Ura saw them draw level once more with Auckland City; the final game of the group drew them against their Auckland rivals away from home. A draw for Waitakere would see them progress to the final on goal difference, the game finished 2–2, knocking favourites Auckland out of the competition.
Like Waitakere United, Hekari started poorly in their group. A 3–3 draw against Tafea FC and a 2–1 loss at home to Lautoka F. C. saw them languishing at the bottom of the table. However their luck would change, defeating Tafea FC 4–0 in the return leg would see Hekari move back up the table and in contention to qualify for the final. Wins against Lautoka F. C. and a 4–1 thrashing of Solomon Islands team Marist FC would see Hekari progress through to the final, a point above Lautoka. Referee:Gerard ParsonsAssistant referees:Murray WilsonAlex GlasgowFourth official:John Saohu Referee:Norbert HauataAssistant referees:Ashwin KumarMichael JosephFourth official:Rakesh Varman Oceania Football Confederation Waitakere United
"Confusion" is the second song from the 1979 Electric Light Orchestra album Discovery. It features 12-string acoustic vocoder, it was released in the UK as a double A-side single with "Last Train to London". It peaked at number 8 in the UK Singles Chart making it the fourth consecutive top 10 single to be taken from the Discovery album. In the United States the song was released as a single with "Poker" on the B-side becoming a more modest hit, reaching number 37 on the Billboard Hot 100. Jeff Lynne – lead vocals and backing vocals, 12 string acoustic guitar, vocoder Bev Bevan – drums, timpani, bell-tree, backing vocals Richard Tandy – piano, synthesizer Kelly Groucutt – bass, backing vocals Louis Clark – orchestra arranger and conductor Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
The New Commandment is a term used in Christianity to describe Jesus's commandment to "love one another" which, according to the Bible, was given as part of the final instructions to his disciples after the Last Supper had ended, after Judas Iscariot had departed in John 13:30. Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come. 34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another. 35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. —John 13:33–35 This commandment appears thirteen times in twelve verses in the New Testament. Theologically, this commandment is interpreted as dual to the Love of Christ for his followers; the commandment can be seen as the last wish in the Farewell Discourse to the disciples. The statement of the new commandment by Jesus in John 13:34–35 was after the Last Supper, after the departure of Judas; the commandment was prefaced in John 13:34 by Jesus telling his remaining disciples, as little children, that he will be with them for only a short time will leave them.
In the commandment Jesus told the disciples: "Love one another. Just after the commandment, before the Farewell Discourse the first reference to Peter's Denials took place, where Jesus predicted that Peter would deny him three times before the cock crow. Two similar statements appear in chapter 15 of the Gospel of John: John 15:12: This is my commandment, that ye love one another as I have loved you. John 15:17: These things I command you, that ye may love one another; the Johannine writings include other, similar passages. 1 John 3:11: For this is the message which ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another 1 John 3:23: And this is his commandment, that we should believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ, love one another as he gave us commandment. 1 John 4:7: let us love one another: for love is of God. The Second Epistle of John states: 2 John 5: not as though I wrote to thee a new commandment, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another; the Pauline Epistles contain similar references.
Romans 13:8: Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled the law. 1 Thessalonians 4:9:... for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another. The First Epistle of Peter has a similar statement: 1 Peter 1:22:...to love brotherly without feigning, love one another with a pure heart fervently. The "New Commandment" concerns the love for neighbor and is similar to the second part of the Great Commandment, which comprises two commands: love for God and love for neighbor; the first part of the Great Commandment alludes to Deuteronomy 6:4-5, a section of the Torah, recited at the beginning of the Jewish prayer known as The Shema. The second part of the Great Commandment, similar to the "New Commandment", commands love for neighbor and is based on Leviticus 19:18. According to Scott Hahn, while the Torah commanded human love, Jesus commands divine love for one another, modeled on his own acts of charity; the "New Commandment", the Wycliffe Bible Commentary states, "was new in that the love was to be exercised toward others not because they belonged to the same nation, but because they belonged to Christ... and the love of Christ which the disciples had seen... would be a testimony to the world".
One of the novelties introduced by this commandment – justifying its designation as New – is that Jesus "introduces himself as a standard for love". The usual criterion had been "as you love yourself". However, the New Commandment goes beyond "as you love yourself" as found in the ethic of reciprocity and states "as I have loved you", using the Love of Christ for his disciples as the new model; the First Epistle of John reflects the theme of love being an imitation of Christ, with 1 John 4:19 stating: "We love, because he first loved us.". Great Commandment Love of Christ New Covenant Ten Commandments The Law of Christ
Blanchette Ferry Hooker was the wife of John D. Rockefeller III and mother of Jay Rockefeller, she was twice president of the Museum of Modern Art. Blanchette Ferry Hooker was born in Manhattan, New York on October 2, 1909, she was the daughter of Elon Huntington Hooker, founder of Hooker Chemical Company, his wife, Blanche Ferry. She graduated from Miss Chapin's School in 1927, she graduated from Vassar College in 1931 with a B. A. in music. On November 11, 1932, she married John D. Rockefeller III, a scion of the prominent Rockefeller family, at Riverside Church in New York City, they had four children: John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV Hope Aldrich Rockefeller Sandra Ferry Rockefeller Alida Ferry RockefellerBlanchette devoted her time to community service and the arts - in particular the collection of Asian and American art. "She had been active in the affairs of the Museum of Modern Art since 1949 and was elected a member of the Board of Trustees in December 1952. In 1958, at a time when many Americans derided modern art or thought it communist and subversive, Rockefeller lent her support to the International Program that helped send The New American Painting, the first major exhibition of Abstract Expressionism, to eight European cities."
In 1948, Blanchette Rockefeller commissioned a guest house by architect Philip Johnson. Located at 242 East 52nd Street next to the Turtle Bay Music School, it was one of the first residential buildings in New York City to reflect the influence of the Modern movement; the 1950 guest house was a place in which she could display her modern art collection and entertain friends. The Rockefellers donated the house to the Museum of Modern Art in 1955."Blanchette Rockefeller provided enlightened leadership to MoMA as president of the museum from 1972 through 1985. Two of her most important gifts were Willem de Kooning’s Woman II and Clyfford Still’s Painting, an Abstract-Expressionist landscape; the Abstract Expressionist galleries on the second floor are named in her honor. In 1979 Rockefeller accepted an Oscar on behalf of MoMA’s work in film."The Rockefellers maintained homes in New York City and at "Fieldwood Farm" in the expansive Rockefeller family estate of Pocantico (see Kykuit in Westchester County, New York.
She died in her home near Briarcliff Manor, New York of pneumonia, a complication of Alzheimer's Disease, on November 29, 1992, at the age of 83. Blanchette was buried at Sleepy Hollow, New York; the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia is named in her honor. Rockefeller family John D. Rockefeller III Kykuit Blanchette H. Rockefeller Archives