Interstate 70 is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the United States that runs from I-15 near Cove Fort, Utah, to I-695 near Baltimore, Maryland. I-70 traces the path of U. S. Route 40 east of the Rocky Mountains. West of the Rockies, the route of I-70 was derived from multiple sources; the Interstate runs through or near many major cities, including Denver, Kansas City, St. Louis, Columbus and Baltimore; the sections of the interstate in Missouri and Kansas have laid claim to be the first interstate in the United States. The Federal Highway Administration has claimed the section of I-70 through Glenwood Canyon, completed in 1992, was the last piece of the Interstate Highway system, as planned, to open to traffic; the construction of I-70 in Colorado and Utah is considered an engineering marvel, as the route passes through the Eisenhower Tunnel, Glenwood Canyon, the San Rafael Swell. The Eisenhower Tunnel is the highest point along the Interstate Highway system, with an elevation of 11,158 ft. Interstate 70 begins at an interchange with Interstate 15 near Cove Fort.
Heading east, I-70 crosses between the Tushar and Pahvant ranges via Clear Creek Canyon and descends into the Sevier Valley, where I-70 serves Richfield, the only town of more than a few hundred people along I-70's path in Utah. Upon leaving the valley near Salina, I-70 crosses the 7,923 ft Salina Summit and crosses a massive geologic formation called the San Rafael Swell. Prior to the construction of I-70, the swell was inaccessible via paved roads and undiscovered. Once this 108 mi section was opened to traffic in 1970, it became the longest stretch of interstate highway with no services and the first highway in the U. S. built over a new route since the Alaska Highway. It became the longest piece of interstate highway to be opened at one time. Although opened in 1970, this section was not formally complete until 1990, when a second steel arch bridge spanning Eagle Canyon was opened to traffic. Since I-70's construction, the swell has been noted for its desolate beauty; the swell has since been nominated for National Park or National Monument status on multiple occasions.
If the swell is granted this status, it arguably would be the first time a National Park owes its existence to an interstate highway. Most of the exits in this span are rest areas, brake check areas, runaway truck ramps with few traditional freeway exits. I-70 exits the swell near Green River. From Green River to the Colorado state line, I-70 follows the southern edge of the Book Cliffs. Entering from Utah, I-70 descends into the Grand Valley, where it meets the Colorado River, which provides its path up the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. Here I-70 serves the Grand Junction metro area before traversing more mountainous terrain; the last section of I-70 to be completed was the 15-mile Glenwood Canyon. This stretch was completed in 1992 and was an engineering marvel, due to the difficult terrain and narrow space in the canyon, which requires corners that are sharper than normal Interstate standards. Construction was delayed for many years due to environmental concerns; the difficulties in building the road in the canyon were compounded by the fact the Denver & Rio Grande Western railroad occupied the south bank, many temporary construction projects took place to keep US 6 open, at the time the only east–west road in the area.
Much of the highway is elevated above the Colorado River. The speed limit in this section is due to the limited sight distance and sharp corners; the Eisenhower–Johnson Memorial Tunnel, the highest vehicular tunnel in North America and the longest tunnel built under the Interstate program, passes through the Continental Divide. Because of the rugged and narrow terrain of the Rocky Mountains, I-70 is one of few roads connecting Colorado's ski resorts with Denver. Descending through the eastern foothills of the Rocky Mountains, one can see the Denver skyline on a clear day; this can fool truckers and other unsuspecting drivers, because one must still traverse 10 miles of steep grade road before reaching the city. A series of signs warns truckers of the steep grade; as I-70 leaves the foothills, it goes through Denver and intersects Interstate 25, serving as the central east-west artery through the city. Leaving Denver, I-70 levels out and traverses the wide plains through eastern Colorado. East of Denver, I-70 makes a broad turn to the south-southeast for 30 miles before reaching Limon and resuming its eastward journey toward Kansas.
Coming from Colorado, I-70 enters the prairie and rolling hills of Kansas. This portion of I-70 was the first segment to start being paved and to be completed in the Interstate Highway System, it is given the nickname "Main Street of Kansas", as the interstate extends from the western border to the eastern border of the state, covering 424 miles and passing through most of the state's principal cities in the process. In Salina, I-70 intersects with I-135, the longest "spur" route in the Interstate system, forming the latter's northern terminus. In Topeka, I-70 intersects I-470, twice. At the eastern intersection, the Kansas Turnpike merges, with I-70 becoming a toll road; this is one of only two sections of I-70. I-70 carries this designation from Topeka to the eastern terminus of the turnpike. About halfway between Topeka and Kansas City, Kansas, I-70 passes through Lawrence; the tolled portion of the turnpike ends near Bonner Springs, just west of Kansas City. There is a third child route in Topeka, I-335, which runs from I-470 south to meet up wit
Denali is the highest mountain peak in North America, with a summit elevation of 20,310 feet above sea level. With a topographic prominence of 20,156 feet and a topographic isolation of 4,629 miles, Denali is the third most prominent and third most isolated peak on Earth, after Mount Everest and Aconcagua. Located in the Alaska Range in the interior of the U. S. state of Alaska, Denali is the centerpiece of Preserve. The Koyukon people who inhabit the area around the mountain have referred to the peak as "Denali" for centuries. In 1896, a gold prospector named it "Mount McKinley" in support of then-presidential candidate William McKinley. In August 2015, following the 1975 lead of the State of Alaska, the United States Department of the Interior announced the change of the official name of the mountain to Denali. In 1903, James Wickersham recorded the first attempt at climbing Denali, unsuccessful. In 1906, Frederick Cook claimed the first ascent, proven to be false; the first verifiable ascent to Denali's summit was achieved on June 7, 1913, by climbers Hudson Stuck, Harry Karstens, Walter Harper, Robert Tatum, who went by the South Summit.
In 1951, Bradford Washburn pioneered the West Buttress route, considered to be the safest and easiest route, therefore the most popular in use. On September 2, 2015, the U. S. Geological Survey announced that the mountain is 20,310 feet high, not 20,320 feet, as measured in 1952 using photogrammetry. Denali is a granitic pluton lifted by tectonic pressure from the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North American Plate; the forces that lifted Denali cause many deep earthquakes in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. The Pacific Plate is seismically active beneath Denali, a tectonic region, known as the "McKinley cluster". Denali has a summit elevation of 20,310 feet above sea level, making it the highest peak in North America and the northernmost mountain above 6,000 meters elevation in the world. Measured from base to peak at some 18,000 ft, it is among the largest mountains situated above sea level. Denali rises from a sloping plain with elevations from 1,000 to 3,000 ft, for a base-to-peak height of 17,000 to 19,000 ft.
By comparison, Mount Everest rises from the Tibetan Plateau at a much higher base elevation. Base elevations for Everest range from 13,800 ft on the south side to 17,100 ft on the Tibetan Plateau, for a base-to-peak height in the range of 12,000 to 15,300 ft. Denali's base-to-peak height is little more than half the 33,500 ft of the volcano Mauna Kea, which lies under water. Denali has two significant summits: the South Summit is the higher one, while the North Summit has an elevation of 19,470 ft and a prominence of 1,270 ft; the North Summit is sometimes counted as sometimes not. Five large glaciers flow off the slopes of the mountain; the Peters Glacier lies on the northwest side of the massif, while the Muldrow Glacier falls from its northeast slopes. Just to the east of the Muldrow, abutting the eastern side of the massif, is the Traleika Glacier; the Ruth Glacier lies to the southeast of the mountain, the Kahiltna Glacier leads up to the southwest side of the mountain. With a length of 44 mi, the Kahiltna Glacier is the longest glacier in the Alaska Range.
The Koyukon Athabaskans who inhabit the area around the mountain have for centuries referred to the peak as Dinale or Denali. The name is based on a Koyukon word for "high" or "tall". During the Russian ownership of Alaska, the common name for the mountain was Bolshaya Gora, the Russian translation of Denali, it was called Densmore's Mountain in the late 1880s and early 1890s after Frank Densmore, an Alaskan prospector, the first European to reach the base of the mountain. In 1896, a gold prospector named it McKinley as political support for then-presidential candidate William McKinley, who became president the following year; the United States formally recognized the name Mount McKinley after President Wilson signed the Mount McKinley National Park Act of February 26, 1917. In 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson declared the north and south peaks of the mountain the "Churchill Peaks", in honor of British statesman Winston Churchill; the Alaska Board of Geographic Names changed the name of the mountain to Denali in 1975, how it is called locally.
However, a request in 1975 from the Alaska state legislature to the United States Board on Geographic Names to do the same at the federal level was blocked by Ohio congressman Ralph Regula, whose district included McKinley's hometown of Canton. On August 30, 2015, just ahead of a presidential visit to Alaska, the Barack Obama administration announced the name Denali would be restored in line with the Alaska Geographic Board's designation. U. S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell issued the order changing the name to Denali on August 28, 2015, effective immediately. Jewell said the change had been "a long time coming"; the renaming of the mountain received praise from Alaska's senior U. S. senator, Lisa Murkowski, who had introduced legislation to accomplish the name change, but it drew criticism from several politicians from Pres
Brasstown Bald is the highest point in the U. S. state of Georgia. Located in northeast Georgia, the mountain is known to the native Cherokee people as Enotah, it is the highest ground for 15.86 miles. The name in English is derived from a mistaken translation of the term for the nearby Cherokee village of Brasstown, located along the upper Brasstown Creek feeding the Hiawassee River. Across the North Carolina state line north of the mountain, are other places named in that error of English settlers: Brasstown, a community in the Brasstown township of Clay County, North Carolina. Brasstown Bald is in both Towns and Union counties, the peak being divided by the county line; the mountain is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains, within the borders of the Blue Ridge Ranger District of the Chattahoochee National Forest. The mountain consists of soapstone and dunite. On a clear day, it is possible to see the tall buildings of Atlanta from the summit; the U. S. Forest Service has webcams atop the observation tower, a RAWS weather station further down the mountain.
The public can drive to the top via Georgia State Route 180 Spur. According to the two Georgia historical markers, the area surrounding Brasstown Bald was settled by the Cherokee people. English-speaking settlers derived the word "Brasstown" from a translation error of the Cherokee word for its village place. Settlers confused the word Itse'yĭ, which the Cherokee used for their village, with Ûňtsaiyĭ, referred to the settlement as Brasstown; the Cherokee gave the locative name, Itse'yĭ, to several distinct areas in their territory, including an area nearby in what is considered present-day North Carolina. According to Cherokee legend about Itse'yĭ, a great flood swept over the land. All the people died except a few Cherokee families; the canoe ran aground at the summit of a forested mountain. As there was no wild game for the people to hunt and no place for them to plant crops, the Great Spirit killed all the trees on the top of the mountain so that the surviving people could plant crops, they lived from their crops until the water subsided.
Other transliterated spellings of the Cherokee name for the mountain include Echia, Echoee and Enotah. The term "Bald" is common terminology in the southern Appalachians describing mountaintops that have 360-degree unobstructed views. Former Georgia Supreme Court Judge Thomas S. Candler is memorialized with a stone monument at Brasstown Bald, it was erected in 1971 three months before he died in recognition of his efforts to support getting more visitors to the mountain and establishing a visitors center there for them. From the northeast, starting at the intersection of Owl Creek Road and the concurrent Georgia 17 and Georgia 75 near Mountain Scene, the climb is 13.5 kilometers long, gaining 828 meters. From the southeast, starting at the intersection of Georgia 180 and Georgia 17/75 near Sooky Gap, the climb is 13.1 kilometers long, gaining 790 meters, an average of 6.0% grade. From the west, starting at the intersection of Georgia 180 and Georgia 348 near Choestoe, the climb is 14.9 kilometers, gaining 856 meters, an average of 5.7% grade.
From the intersection of Route 180 and Route 180 Spur at Jacks Gap the climb is 4.9 kilometers at an average gradient of 11.2%. An additional route to the summit is the Wagon Train Trail, starting at Young Harris College; the trail is traditionally hiked by graduating students and their families on the evening before graduation. In the 2005 through 2008 editions of the Tour de Georgia, a long-distance bicycle race, Brasstown Bald was the site of an hors categorie "King of the Mountains stage" finish. NOAA Weather Radio station KXI22 transmits from atop the mountain, simulcasting with KXI75 from Blue Ridge, Georgia; the programming originates from NWSFO Peachtree City. Georgia Public Broadcasting had or has construction permits from the Federal Communications Commission for two low-power broadcast translator stations at the summit; the digital TV station on channel 12 is the direct replacement for analog TV station W04BJ in nearby Young Harris, covers for W50AB in nearby Hiawassee. New station WBTB FM 90.3 will transmit at just 97 watts, equivalent to several hundred watts because of the height above average terrain of over 700 meters, or more than 2,300 feet.
Both stations will have Young Harris as the city of license. Brasstown Valley Resort Brasstown Wilderness List of U. S. states by elevation List of mountains in Georgia Media related to Brasstown Bald at Wikimedia Commons
Wayne County, Indiana
Wayne County is a county located in east central Indiana, United States on the border with Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,917; the county seat is Richmond. Wayne County comprises the Richmond, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Richmond hosts a small private liberal arts college; the first settlers in the area were Quakers from North Carolina. They settled near the east fork of the Whitewater River, including what is today the city of Richmond about 1806. Wayne County was formed in 1811 from portions of Dearborn counties, it was named for Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, an officer during the Revolutionary War. Wayne is remembered for his service in the 1790s in the Northwest Indian War, which included many actions in Indiana and Ohio; the first county seat was Salisbury, Indiana, a town which no longer exists and moved to Centerville, Indiana in 1818, where it remained until a move to Richmond in 1873. In the 1920s, Indiana had the strongest Ku Klux Klan organization in the country under Grand Dragons D. C. Stephenson and Walter F. Bossert, with control over the state legislature and an ally in Governor Ed Jackson.
At its height, national membership during the second Klan movement reached 1.5 million, with 300,000 from Indiana. Records show that Wayne County was home to Whitewater Klan No. 60. Robert Lyons, of Richmond, was national chief of staff for the Klan. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 404.34 square miles, of which 401.74 square miles is land and 2.60 square miles is water. Wayne County includes Hoosier Hill, at 1,257 feet. Randolph County Darke County, Ohio Preble County, Ohio Union County Fayette County Henry County In recent years, average temperatures in Richmond have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 100 °F was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.27 inches in February to 4.41 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county.
Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms, they are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 68,917 people, 27,551 households, 18,126 families residing in the county. The population density was 171.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 31,242 housing units at an average density of 77.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 5.0% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.4% were German, 11.8% were Irish, 11.0% were English, 10.9% were American. Of the 27,551 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.2% were non-families, 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $51,155. Males had a median income of $40,644 versus $30,194 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,789. About 12.6% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over. Oliver P. Morton, 14th Governor of Indiana, born in Wayne County Walter R. Stubbs, 18th Governor of Kansas Ralph Teetor, inventor Levi Coffin, lived in Indiana Jim Jones, cult leader, attended school in Wayne County Timothy S. Jordan, Wisconsin politician, born in Wayne County Marcus Mote, early Indiana artist Richmond Community Schools, Richmond Western Wayne Schools, Cambridge City Northeastern Wayne Schools, Fountain City Nettle Creek Schools, Hagerstown Centerville-Abington
Index of Indiana-related articles
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U. S. state of Indiana..in.us – Internet second-level domain for the state of Indiana 19th state to join the United States of America Adjacent states: Commonwealth of Kentucky State of Illinois State of Michigan State of Ohio Agriculture in Indiana Airports in Indiana Amusement parks in Indiana Arboreta in Indiana commons:Category:Arboreta in Indiana Archaeology of Indiana Category:Archaeological sites in Indiana commons:Category:Archaeological sites in Indiana Architecture of Indiana commons:Category:Buildings in Indiana Art museums and galleries in Indiana commons:Category:Art museums and galleries in Indiana Astronomical observatories in Indiana commons:Category:Astronomical observatories in Indiana Attorney General of the State of Indiana Birds of Indiana Botanical gardens in Indiana commons:Category:Botanical gardens in Indiana Bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Indiana Buildings and structures in Indiana commons:Category:Buildings and structures in Indiana Canyons and gorges of Indiana commons:Category:Canyons and gorges of Indiana Capital of the State of Indiana Capital punishment in Indiana Capitol of the State of Indiana commons:Category:Indiana State Capitol Casinos in Indiana Caves of Indiana commons:Category:Caves of Indiana Census statistical areas of Indiana Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Combined Statistical Area Cincinnati Arch Cities in Indiana commons:Category:Cities in Indiana Climate of Indiana Colleges and universities in Indiana commons:Category:Universities and colleges in Indiana Communications in Indiana commons:Category:Communications in Indiana Companies in Indiana Congressional districts of Indiana Constitution of the State of Indiana Convention centers in Indiana commons:Category:Convention centers in Indiana Corydon, Indiana and state capital 1813-1825 Counties of the state of Indiana commons:Category:Counties in Indiana Courts of Indiana Crime in Indiana Culture of Indiana commons:Category:Indiana culture Demographics of Indiana Economy of Indiana Category:Economy of Indiana commons:Category:Economy of Indiana Education in Indiana Category:Education in Indiana commons:Category:Education in Indiana Elections in the State of Indiana Category:Indiana elections commons:Category:Indiana elections Electoral reform in Indiana Environment of Indiana commons:Category:Environment of Indiana Festivals in Indiana commons:Category:Festivals in Indiana Flag of the state of Indiana Flyover state Former state highways in Indiana Forts in Indiana Category:Forts in Indiana commons:Category:Forts in Indiana Geography of Indiana Category:Geography of Indiana commons:Category:Geography of Indiana Geology of Indiana commons:Category:Geology of Indiana Ghost towns in Indiana Category:Ghost towns in Indiana commons:Category:Ghost towns in Indiana Golf clubs and courses in Indiana Government of the state of Indiana website Category:Government of Indiana commons:Category:Government of Indiana Governor of the State of Indiana List of Governors of Indiana Great Seal of the State of Indiana Gun laws in Indiana Heritage railroads in Indiana commons:Category:Heritage railroads in Indiana High schools of Indiana Higher education in Indiana Highway routes in Indiana Hiking trails in Indiana commons:Category:Hiking trails in Indiana History of Indiana Historical outline of Indiana Category:History of Indiana commons:Category:History of Indiana Hoosier Hospitals in Indiana House of Representatives of the State of Indiana Images of Indiana commons:Category:Indiana IN – United States Postal Service postal code for the state of Indiana Indiana website Category:Indiana commons:Category:Indiana commons:Category:Maps of Indiana Indiana Air National Guard Indiana Code Indiana Court of Appeals Indiana Day Indiana Department of Administration Indiana Department of Education Indiana Department of Natural Resources Indiana Department of Transportation Indiana E-Learning Academy Indiana Free Library Indiana General Assembly Indiana Humanities Indiana Judicial Nominating Commission Indiana National Guard Indiana Office of Community & Rural Affairs Indiana Philosophical Association Indiana State Auditor Indiana State Museum Indiana State Police Indiana State Treasurer Indiana State University Indiana Statehouse Indiana Superintendent of Public Instruction Indiana Toll Road Indiana Township Trustee Indiana University Indiana University Cinema Indianapolis, state capital since 1825 Indianapolis 500-Mile Race Interstate highway routes in Indiana Islands in Indiana Kankakee Arch Kentland crater Lakes of Indiana Lake Michigan commons:Category:Lakes of Indiana Landmarks in Indiana commons:Category:Landmarks in Indiana Lieutenant Governor of the State of Indiana Lists related to the state of Indiana: List of airports in Indiana List of birds of Indiana List of Carnegie libraries in Indiana List of 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Mount Sunflower, although not a true mountain, is the highest natural point in the state of Kansas. At 4,039 feet, it is 3,300 feet above the state's topographic low point, which lies on the opposite side of the state. Located in Wallace County, it is less than half a mile from the Colorado state border and close to the lowest point in Colorado. Mount Sunflower is located on private land owned by Ed and Cindy Harold, who encourage visitors to the site. Amenities include a picnic table, a little free library, a sunflower sculpture made from railroad spikes, a plaque on the site stating, "On this site in 1897, nothing happened." As of 2015, that sign is missing, evidently stolen. Additionally, there is a mailbox on site with a registration book inside where you can write your name, where you are from, how many in your party. Access is via county dirt roads to the edge of the property across a cattle guard and onto a private dirt road through a cattle grazing pasture to the summit; the State of Kansas increases in elevation from the east to the west.
As such, "Mount" Sunflower, while the highest point in the state in terms of elevation, is indistinguishable from the surrounding terrain. Kansas portal Outline of Kansas Index of Kansas-related articles List of U. S. states by elevation "Mount Sunflower". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2008-12-21. "Mount Sunflower". ListsOfJohn.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. "Mount Sunflower". KansasTravel.org. Retrieved 2012-11-08. "Mount Sunflower". Peakery.com. Archived from the original on 2011-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-08
Richmond is a city in east central Indiana, United States, bordering on Ohio. It is the county seat of Wayne County, in the 2010 census had a population of 36,812. Situated within Wayne Township, its area includes a non-contiguous portion in nearby Boston Township, where the Richmond Municipal Airport is located. Richmond is sometimes called the "cradle of recorded jazz" because the earliest jazz recordings, records were made at the studio of Gennett Records, a division of the Starr Piano Company. Gennett Records was the first to record such artists as Bix Beiderbecke. Jelly Roll Morton, Hoagy Carmichael, Lawrence Welk, Gene Autry, among others; the city has twice received the All-America City Award, most in 2009. Richmond is located at 39°49′49″N 84°53′26″W. According to the 2010 census, Richmond has a total area of 24.067 square miles, of which 23.91 square miles is land and 0.157 square miles is water. Richmond is located about 12 miles S of the highest point in Indiana; as of the census of 2010, there were 36,812 people, 15,098 households, 8,909 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,539.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 17,649 housing units at an average density of 737.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 83.9% White, 8.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population. There were 15,098 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.0% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 39,124 people, 16,287 households, 9,918 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,685.3 people per square mile. There were 17,647 housing units at an average density of 760.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.78% White, 8.87% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.03% of the population. There were 16,287 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,210, the median income for a family was $38,346. Males had a median income of $30,849 versus $21,164 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,096. About 12.1% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. In 1806 the first European Americans in the area, Quaker families from North Carolina, settled along the East Fork of the Whitewater River; this was part of a general westward migration in the early decades after the American Revolution. John Smith was one of the earliest settlers. Richmond is still home to several Quaker institutions, including Friends United Meeting, Earlham College and the Earlham School of Religion; the first post office in Richmond was established in 1818 with Robert Morrison as the first postmaster. The town was not incorporated until 1840 with John Sailor being elected as the first mayor.
Early cinema and television pioneer Charles Francis Jenkins grew up on a farm north of Richmond, where he began inventing useful gadgets. As the Richmond Telegram reported, on June 6, 1894, Jenkins gathered his family and newsmen at Jenkins' cousin's jewelry store in downtown Richmond and projected a filmed motion picture for the first time in front of an audience; the motion picture was of a vaudeville entertainer performing a butterfly dance, which Jenkins had filmed himself. Jenkins filed for a patent for the Phantoscope projector in November 1894 and it was issued in March 1895. A modified version of the Phantoscope was sold to Thomas Edison who named it Edison's Vitascope and began projecting motion pictures in New York City vaudeville theaters, raising the curtain on American cinema. Richmond is believed to have been the smallest community in the United States to have supported a professional opera company and symphony orchestra; the Whitewater Opera has since closed but the Richmond Symphony Orchestra has continued.
In 1899 Will Earhart formed the first complete high school orchestra in the nation. A high school orchestra director, Joseph E. Maddy, went on to found what is now known as the Interlochen Center for the Arts in Michigan. In the 1920s during the national revival of the Ku K