Hop-o'-My-Thumb, or Hop o' My Thumb known as Little Thumbling, Little Thumb, or Little Poucet, is one of the eight fairytales published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou Contes du temps passé, now world-renowned. It is Aarne-Thompson type 327B; the small boy defeats the ogre. This type of fairytale, in the French oral tradition, is combined with motifs from the type 327A, similar to Hansel and Gretel; the story was first published in English as Little Poucet in Robert Samber's 1729 translation of Perrault's book, "Histories, or Tales of Past Times". In 1764, the name of the hero was changed to Little Thumb. In 1804, William Godwin, in "Tabart's Collection of Popular Stories for the Nursery", retitled it Hop o' my Thumb, a term, common in the 16th century, referring to a tiny person. Hop-o'-My-Thumb is the youngest of seven children in a poor woodcutter's family, his greater wisdom compensates for his smallness of size. When the children are abandoned by their parents, he finds a variety of means to save his life and the lives of his brothers.

After being threatened and pursued by an ogre, Poucet steals his magic seven-league boots while the monster is sleeping. The parents are no longer able to intend to abandon them. Hop-o' - My-Thumb, overhearing his parents, collects small white pebbles from a river, he uses the stones to mark a trail that enables him to lead his brothers back home. However, the second time round, he uses breadcrumbs instead; the brothers are lost in the wood. Hop-o' - My-Thumb spots a distant light; the boys walk towards it. They come at last to a house, learn that it belongs to an ogre. Hop-o'-My-Thumb, fearing the wolves, decides to take the risk of staying in the monster's residence; the ogre allows the boys to sleep for the night, provides a bed for them in his daughters' room. But the ogre wakes up not too long after, prepares to kill them in their slumber. Hop-o'-My-Thumb, who anticipated the possibility planned ahead and replaced the daughters' gold crowns with the bonnets worn by him and his brothers; as a result, the ogre kills his daughters instead, goes back to bed.

Once he is snoring, Hop-o'-My-Thumb directs his siblings out of the house. The ogre wakes up in the morning to discover his grave mistake, puts on his seven-league boots, races after the boys, they spot the ogre while walking. Hop-o' - My-Thumb once again thinks hides in a small nearby cave; the ogre, tired, happens to rest close to their hiding spot. Hop-o'-My-Thumb instructs his brothers to make their way home, meanwhile, removes the boots from the sleeping ogre, he puts them on, the boots, being magical, resize to fit him. Hop-o'-My-Thumb uses the boots to make a fortune, returns to his family's home, where they live ever after; the French folktale was first published by Charles Perrault as Le petit Poucet in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697. The French name for the hero, "Poucet" /puse/, derives from the French word "pouce" /pus/, which means "thumb", "big toe", or "inch"; the suffix "-t" gives it an affectionate touch, given the morphemes of the language. The beginning mentions. However, it seems that for the remainder of the story, the protagonist is just a small child, the tale bears no resemblance to Tom Thumb.

As is the nature of traditional stories, passed on orally, the beginning passage might be a remnant from an older tale, ancestral to both Hop-o'-My-Thumb and Tom Thumb. The first half of Hop-o'-My-Thumb is similar to Hansel and Gretel; the woodcutter parents are no longer able to abandon them. The hero lays a trail of breadcrumbs; such laying of trail is found in one of the oldest being Theseus and the Minotaur. The second half of the story involves an ogre, it bears resemblance to Sweetheart Themisto. Hop-o'-My-Thumb, his brothers, the ogre appear in the final act of Tchaikovsky's ballet The Sleeping Beauty, he is portrayed in Ravel's Ma mère l'oye. Jean-Claude Mourlevat adapted the Hop-o'-My-Thumb character in the award-winning children's novel The Pull of the Ocean published in France under the title L'enfant Ocean. Hop o' My Thumb... The Story Retold. Laura E. Richards. London: Blickie & Son, 1886. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1886; the short story "Little Poucet" by Steve Rasnic Tem appears in the adult fairy-tale collection Snow White, Blood Red, 2000.

An animated adaptation, Hop-o'-My-Thumb, was made in 1938 in the Soviet Union. Hop o' My Thumb" 11/26/1913 - 1/03/1914 Broadway musical. Gustave Doré contributed 11 illustrations to an 1862 edition of Perrault's book, Les Contes de Perrault. Heinrich Leutemann and Carl Offterdinger illustrated a German fairytale collection, Mein erstes Märchenbuch, published at the end of the 19th century. Another German illustrator was Alexander Zick. Thumbling Tom Thumb Molly Whuppie Momotarō Hansel and Gretel Buttercup The Flea Works related to Little Thumb at Wikisource Media related to Hop o' My Thumb at Wikimedia Commons Sur la Lune: "Little Tom Thumb" by Charles Perrault

HMS Lady Shirley

HMS Lady Shirley known as HMT Lady Shirley, was a fishing trawler requisitioned by the Royal Navy in 1940 and converted for anti-submarine warfare duties. She sank U-111 on 4 October 1941. Lady Shirley was sunk herself on 11 December 1941, by a single torpedo from U-374 Lady Shirley was a fishing trawler of 472 tons displacement based at Hull, she was built at Beverley in the UK by Cook, Welton & Gemmell and launched in 1937. She was 164 feet long and 27 feet in the beam, she had a 120 horsepower engine giving a top speed of 12 knots. She was converted into an anti-submarine trawler. Conversion included fitting a 4-inch naval gun and depth charges, she had a complement of 33. Lady Shirley went into service in January 1941 and served with the 31st Anti-Submarine Group based at Gibraltar, she was under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Henry Callaway. On 4 October 1941, while searching for the damaged Silverbelle, Lady Shirley encountered German submarine U-111 engaged in a similar mission south-west of Tenerife, at position 27°15′N 20°27′W.

Mistaking the trawler for the damaged freighter the U-boat was caught at periscope depth when Lady Shirley closed, was depth charged. Forced to the surface, U-111 was engaged with gunfire until she was sunk. Of the U-boat crew of 52, eight were killed, including Wilhelm Kleinschmidt. Lady Shirley had several injured in the battle; this was the first time that prisoners of war were captured from a U-boat operating in the South Atlantic. German survivors claimed. On 11 December 1941, a torpedo from U-374 hit Lady Shirley, sinking her in the Straits of Gibraltar at position 35°59′N 5°17′W. All 33 crew were lost with their ship. U 111 versus Lady Shirley

Julia Ebner

Julia Ebner is an Austrian terrorism and extremism researcher, author, based in London. She has written the books The Rage: the Vicious Circle of Islamist and Far-Right Extremism and Going Dark: the Secret Social Lives of Extremists. Ebner has a BSc in international business, she holds an MSc in international history from the London School of Economics and an MSc in international relations from Peking University. Ebner is based in London, she has worked as a senior researcher at the counter-extremism organisation Quilliam. She is a resident research fellow at the counter-extremism organisation Institute for Strategic Dialogue, where she specialises in far-right extremism, reciprocal radicalisation and European terrorism prevention initiatives, she has written for The The Independent. Going Dark: the Secret Social Lives of Extremists documents Ebner's experiences over two years spent undercover, infiltrating far-right networks such as Generation Identity and Reconquista Germanica, both on-line and in person.

The Rage: the Vicious Circle of Islamist and Far-Right Extremism. London: I. B. Tauris, 2017. ISBN 978-1788310321. Radikalisierungsmaschinen: Wie Extremisten die neuen Technologien nutzen und uns manipulieren = radicalization machines. Berlin: Suhrkamp Nova, 2019. ISBN 978-3-518-47007-7. Going Dark: the Secret Social Lives of Extremists. London: Bloomsbury, 2020. ISBN 9781526616784. Education and Extremisms: Rethinking Liberal Pedagogies in the Contemporary World. Edited by Farid Panjwani, Lynn Revell, Reza Gholami, Mike Diboll. Routledge, 2017. ISBN 9781138236110. Routledge, 2019. ISBN 9780367198718. Ebner contributes a chapter. Julia Ebner on Twitter