Horace Lecoq de Boisbaudran

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Horace Lecoq de Boisbaudran

Horace Lecoq de Boisbaudran (May 14, 1802 – August 7, 1897) was a French artist and teacher.

He was born in Paris. Boisbaudran was admitted in 1819 to the École des Beaux-Arts where he studied under Peyron and Guillon Lethière, he exhibited at the Salon in 1831 and 1840, and became a professor at the academy.

As a drawing instructor he became known for his innovative method which emphasized memorization,[1] his students were instructed to visit the Louvre, where they were to carefully study a painting in order to reproduce it from memory later, in the studio. This exercise was intended to help the student to discover his own visual language.[1]

Among Lecoq de Boisbaudran's best-known students were Rodin, Fantin-Latour, and Alphonse Legros.[2] Others who studied with him include Jules Chéret, Léon Lhermitte, Jean-Charles Cazin, Jules Dalou and Oscar Roty. Lecoq de Boisbaudran died in Paris on August 7, 1897.

Books by Lecoq de Boisbaudran[edit]

  • Éducation de la mémoire pittoresque, Paris, 1848.
  • Éducation de la mémoire pittoresque, application aux arts du dessin, 2e éd. augmentée, Paris, Bance, 1862.
  • Lettres à un jeune professeur, Paris, Morel, 1876.
  • Un Coup d'œil à l'enseignement aux Beaux-Arts, Paris, Morel, 1879.
  • L'Éducation de la mémoire pittoresque et la formation de l'artiste, publié par L.D. Luard, Paris, Laurens, 1920 (compilation of the preceding titles).
  • The Training of the Memory in Art, and the Education of the Artist (English translation of preceding titles , 1914)


  1. ^ a b McConkey and Robin 1995, p. 11.
  2. ^ State University of New York at Binghamton 1974, p. 34.


  • McConkey, Kenneth, and Anna Gruetzner Robin. 1995. Impressionism in Britain. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-06334-2.
  • State University of New York at Binghamton. 1974. Strictly academic : life drawing in the nineteenth century : a loan exhibition organized by the University Art Gallery, State University of New York at Binghamton. Binghamton: The Gallery.