Exhibition Place is a publicly owned mixed-use district in Toronto, Canada, located by the shoreline of Lake Ontario, just west of downtown. The 197-acre site includes exhibit and banquet centres and music buildings, parkland, sports facilities, a number of civic and national historic sites; the district's facilities are used year-round for exhibitions, trade shows and private functions, sporting events. From mid-August through Labour Day each year, the Canadian National Exhibition, from which the name Exhibition Place is derived, is held on the grounds. During the CNE, Exhibition Place encompasses 260 acres, expanding to include nearby parks and parking lots; the CNE uses the buildings for exhibits on agriculture, food and crafts, government and trade displays. For entertainment, the CNE provides a midway of rides and games, music concerts at the Bandshell, featured shows at the Coliseum, the Canadian International Air Show; the fair is one of the largest and most successful of its kind in North America and an important part of the culture of Toronto.
The buildings on the site date from the 1700s to recent years. Five buildings on the site, were designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1988; the grounds have seen a mix of protection for heritage buildings along with new development. The site was set aside for military purposes and given over to exhibition purposes. One military building remains. Exhibition Place is a rectangular site located length-wise along the north shoreline of Lake Ontario to the west of downtown Toronto; the site is flat ground sloping down to the shoreline. It was forested land, was cleared for military use. Sections east of south were filled in the early part of the 20th century. Today, the district is paved, with an area of parkland remaining in its western section. There is a large open paved area in the southern central section, used for parking and the temporary amusements of the Canadian National Exhibition; the site has a variety of open spaces and monuments. The eastern entrance to Exhibition Place is marked by the large ceremonial Princes' Gates, named for Edward, Prince of Wales, his brother, Prince George, who visited in 1927.
The roads are all named after Canadian provinces and territories except for Princes' Boulevard, the main street east-west. Several of the roads are used for the annual Honda Indy Toronto car race. South of the grounds is Ontario Place, a theme park built in 1971 on landfill in Lake Ontario, operated by the government of Ontario; the site has a long history of sports facilities on the site, starting with an equestrian track and grandstand. The grandstand was converted for use by music concerts, major league baseball and football teams; the newest sports facility to be built is BMO Field. There is an arena, the Coliseum, home to professional ice hockey; the site was used for several sports venues of the 2015 Pan American Games. The site is administered by the Board of Governors of Exhibition Place, appointed by the City of Toronto; as of 2014, the organization had 133 full-time employees, up to 700 during major events, contributed $11 million annually to the City of Toronto, attracted 5.3 million visitors annually to the site.
The grounds are 192 acres in area. The small fort Fort Rouillé was built by French fur traders in 1750–1751 as a trading post on the site of today's grounds; the area was an important portage route for Native Americans, the French wanted to capture their trade before they reached British posts to the south. It was burned by its garrison in 1759; when York, the predecessor of Toronto was inaugurated in the 1790s, the land to the west of the garrison was reserved for military purposes. This includes all of today's Exhibition Place. Years the British military decided to replace Fort York with a new fort, to be located at the eastern end of the reserve. In 1840 -- 1841, they constructed a series of several smaller ones. Elaborate defensive works were never built and the buildings were turned over to the Canadian military in 1870, which named it Stanley Barracks in 1893; the Provincial Agricultural Association and the Board of Agriculture for Canada West inaugurated the Provincial Agricultural Fair of Canada West in 1846, to be held annually in different localities.
For the 1858 fair, to be held in Toronto, a permanent "Palace of Industry" exhibition building, based on London's Crystal Palace, was built at King and Shaw Streets in what is now Liberty Village. The site held four more fairs until the 1870s, when the City of Toronto decided the exhibition had outgrown the site; the City signed a lease with the Government of Canada for a section of the western end of the reserve in April 1878. The Palace of Industry was moved to a site on the reserve near today's Horticulture Building and expanded; the City sold the Shaw site to the Massey Manufacturing Company. The 1878 Provincial Agricultural Fair was held on the grounds; when Ottawa was chosen to host the 1879 fair, Toronto decided to hold its own fair. First called the Toronto Industrial Exhibition, it was held in the Crystal Palace and temporary buildings. At first, the eastern part of the site was still reserved for military purposes, the exhibition held on the western part of the reserve, where many of the oldest exhibit buildings are located.
As time went by, more and more of the reserve was taken over for exhibition purp
Government Building (Toronto)
The Government Building known as the Arts and Hobbies Building, is a heritage exhibition building at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada. Built in 1911 for the annual Canadian National Exhibition, the building has been used since 1993 as the Toronto location of the Medieval Times chain of dinner theatres; the building is a one-storey building with an "E" floorplan. At the intersection is a large dome; the architectural style is Beaux-Arts, designed by George W. Gouinlock; the building was used for government displays at the CNE. The building became the host of the "Arts, Crafts & Hobbies" exhibit at the CNE, it was not used during the rest of the year, except for storage. During World War I, the building was used as barracks for Canadian soldiers. In 1959, the Government Building was used for town hall meetings on the planned Bloor-Danforth Toronto Transit Commission subway project. In the 1990s, Toronto City Council sought to increase revenues from Exhibition Place during a time of government downloading.
Medieval Times, a theatre company putting on recreations of medieval jousting, won a contract to operate the building. A support building and stable was constructed at the rear of the building
Coca-Cola Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada, used for agricultural displays, ice hockey and trade shows. It was built for the Canadian National Exhibition and the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair in 1921. Known as the Coliseum, it was known as the CNE Coliseum and Ricoh Coliseum, since 1997 it has been part of the "National Trade Centre" exhibition complex, it serves as the home arena of the Toronto Marlies ice hockey team, the American Hockey League farm team of the Toronto Maple Leafs. For the 2015 Pan American Games the venue hosted the gymnastics competitions and was known as the Toronto Coliseum. On January 1, 1920, Toronto voters approved by plebiscite a proposal by the Royal Agricultural Fair Association to construct, at a maximum cost of CA$1 million, a new arena for livestock; the City of Toronto made a call for tenders in the fall of 1920 but the lowest tender was CA$1.9 million, exceeding the mandate approved by plebiscite. The size of the planned building was reduced by half in an attempt to get the cost under CA$1 million and a new call for tenders was done.
The lowest tender received was from Anglin-Norcross Ltd. of Montreal for CA$892,000 to build the building to City Architect F. W. Price's specifications. There was reticence to hire a Montreal firm, the city held off on awarding the contract while Price sought out construction offers from local firms to do the work using day labour, although the legality of this was questioned. Another issue raised was that the revised arena design needed to be expanded to meet the fair's needs. Anglin-Norcross offered to do the work at a further CA$31,000, it took two City Council votes, but Council approved the awarding of the contract to Anglin-Norcross on May 26, 1921. Demolition of existing buildings on the site commenced a few days and arena work commenced in June 1921; the cornerstone was laid by Toronto Mayor Thomas Church on July 27, 1921 and Robert Fleming, President of the Canadian National Exhibition declared that the building would be the largest of its kind in the world, with a floor space of 8.5 acres.
The Fair Association had hoped for the arena to be open by the fall of 1921 to inaugurate the new fair, but it was not ready. The CA$1 million building had its official public opening on December 16, 1921, attended by 5,000 persons to see an athletic meet put on by the "Sportsmen Patriotic Association." Upon completion, the building was billed as the largest of its kind in North America. The name "Coliseum" was given to the building in 1922, in time for the opening of the CNE; the main entrance was along Manitoba Drive. The southern side of the building was along the main TTC streetcar rail lines serving the CNE, which separated the Coliseum and Industry Buildings to the north, the Engineering and Electrical Building to the south. In 1926, additions were built and the complex was claimed to be the largest structure of its kind under one roof in the world. In 1931, the Horse Palace was built next door to provide a permanent building for the stables of the Winter Fair. From 1942 to 1945, the building was used as a training base for the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II and known as the'Manning Depot'.
A photo of it as the RCAF Manning Depot is in the New Westminster Museum and Archives # IHP9562-003. After the war, it hosted equestrian events for the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, the CNE and other events; the arena was used as a horse barn. In time for the 1963 CNE, the southern facade was reconstructed; as part of the renovation, the southern facade was recladded with black and white siding and a new front plaza was built, with a large "COLISEUM" sign on top. The CNE spent CA$3 million from 1960 until 1963 on "face-lifting" the Coliseum. In 1997, the National Trade Centre exhibition complex was built; the new project removed the 1963 entrance and cladding, restoring the original facade, although the cupola towers on the southern facade had been removed in the 1963 renovation. Access to the Coliseum was moved to the western entrance of the exhibition complex through a hall known as Heritage Court. In November 2002, the City of Toronto agreed to an extensive renovation of the Coliseum to attract a professional ice hockey team to the arena.
At a cost of CA$38 million, the arena's capacity was expanded from 6,500 to 9,700 by building a new higher roof, lowering the floor, adding new seats in the expanded area and the installation of 38 private suites. Borealis Infrastructure contributed CA$9 million up front and CA$20 million of borrowed funds in return for a 49-year lease to the arena; the City of Toronto invested CA$9 million in the project and guaranteed Borealis' loans, while remaining the owner of the building. In 2003, Japanese office supply company Ricoh purchased the naming rights to the new facility for CA$10 million over ten years, with an optional five-year extension. During the summer of 2015, a new scoreboard was installed at the Air Canada Centre, the old scoreboard was installed at the Coliseum. In 2018, MLSE announced that the Toronto Argonauts football operations offices and weight rooms would be relocated to the Coliseum in late June of that year. On July 11, 2018, at the end of Ricoh's partnership with the building, Coca-Cola purchased the naming rights to the facility for ten years, re-naming it the "Coca-Cola Coliseum".
Since November 1922, the Coliseum has been used by the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair held in November annually except during the years of World War II. The Fair uses the arena for the annual "Royal Horse Show" equestrian competition, as well as animal presentations; each year in August, the Coliseum is used by the CN
The Enercare Centre known as the Direct Energy Centre and National Trade Centre, is an exhibition complex located at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada. It is used by the Canadian National Exhibition and Royal Agricultural Winter Fair and various trade shows. In 2015, it hosted several sport competitions as well as the broadcasting centre for the 2015 Pan American Games; the complex is named after Enercare, a portfolio company of Brookfield Asset Management which specializes in home services, commercial services, energy solutions. Located just to the west of the Princes' Gates at the eastern end of Exhibition Place, it was the site of a streetcar loop and open space; the new building took over the frontage along Prince's Boulevard and connected to the existing Coliseum and Industry Buildings, creating a large inter-connected exhibition complex. The existing southern entrance of the Coliseum was integrated into the new complex; the streetcar loop was moved to the north of the complex. The open space was the site of the Engineering and Electrical Building, opened in 1928 and torn down in 1972.
In 2005, the CNE Board of Directors entered into a ten-year agreement with Direct Energy Inc. to sponsor the name of the centre, effective in March 2006. The agreement pays fees to a reserve fund, used to keep the centre in a state of good repair. In 2014, part of Direct Energy was sold to EnerCare Inc. including the name-in-title of the centre. The agreement was extended for another ten years to end in 2026, at a value of $7.5 million. At the 2015 Pan American Games the venue hosted the sports of volleyball in Hall A, handball and roller sports figure skating in Hall B, racquetball and squash in Hall C and gymnastics in the adjoining Ricoh Coliseum. Pan American Games organizers referred to the centre as the "Exhibition Centre"; the building was the location of the Main Press and Broadcasting Centre for the Games. The CNE Board of Governors and the City of Toronto intend to study an expansion of the facility; the proposed expansion would add an additional hall connected to the west end of the main building.
Designed by architectural teams Zeidler Partnership Architects and Dunlop-Farrow Architects, the building opened on April 3, 1997, with its first show being the National Home Show. It has seven exhibit halls with one million square feet of exhibition space. Four of the halls are separated by removable walls to create configurable space. Additionally, the Coliseum and Horse Palace can be integrated into an exhibition, it is the largest indoor exhibition centre in Canada. The project cost CA$180 million; the cost was shared by the Toronto and Canadian governments. The entire southern frontage is a long hall. Most of the southern wall of the hall is glass, providing light to the entrances to the exhibit halls which have no windows. At the eastern end of the hall is a small open exhibition space, sometimes used as an art gallery, used by the CNE for cat and dog shows. At the eastern end of the hall is a "living wall." Under the main exhibit space is an underground parking garage, providing 1,300 spaces, connected to the Beanfield Centre in the Automotive Building to the south by an underground tunnel.
Along the top of the hall at towers above entrances are four rotating spotlights which are illuminated when shows are being held at the Centre. The external southern frontage differs along its length; the eastern section mimics the building style of the Automotive Building, using masonry and columns, while the western section is steel and glass, described as "flamboyant futurism". To the north of the new addition is the "Heritage Court" hall, oriented west-east, which links the Coliseum, the Annex and the new addition, it is 50,000 square feet in size. The western entrance to the complex is at the western end of the hall and serves as the main entrance to the Coliseum; the entrance is glass and has a canopy extending to the west, where a canopy extends to the north, between the Horse Palace and the Coliseum, providing cover to those persons arriving from the TTC loop to the north. The original southern exteriors of the Coliseum and Industry Building, dating back to the 1920s, are preserved inside the hall.
The Heritage Court is situated on the site of the TTC rail lines that separated the Coliseum and Industry buildings from the Engineering and Electrical Building. Four of the original "Statues of Industry" which adorned the facade of the Electrical and Engineering Building are mounted in the Heritage Court; the Annex building is used to store cattle and small livestock during the Winter Fair and the CNE. Judging is done in small rings within the Annex, in the Coliseum and in a temporary judging area in the new addition; the area is used by trade shows for demonstration space. As well as being used as part of the Canadian National Exhibition, it hosts the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair annually. Trade shows such as the Toronto International Boat Show, the National Home Show and the One of A Kind Show are held annually in the complex; the Honda Indy Toronto IndyCar race uses the hall for exhibit space. The City of Toronto uses various rooms for public meetings. Architecture and Urban Design Awards 2000, Award: Large Place or Street International Centre Metro Toronto Convention Centre Toronto Congress Centre Venues of the 2015 Pan American and Parapan American Games Official website Category talk:Handball venues in Canada
Scadding Cabin is a 1794 log cabin in Toronto, Canada. It is the oldest known surviving house in Toronto; the cabin was built on the property of John Scadding, an immigrant from Devonshire, in order to fulfill his settlement duties to the Crown. The cabin stood at the east side of the Don River on a 253-acre land grant that stretched north from Lake Ontario to present day Danforth Avenue. Scadding lived in the cabin until he returned to England in 1796; when Scadding returned to York in 1818, he sold his property, cabin, to a farmer named William Smith, who used the cabin as an outbuilding. The cabin remained in the Smith family until 1879. Henry Scadding, son of John Scadding, was a founding member of the historical society. In 1879 John Smith, the owner of the Scadding property, gave Scadding Cabin to the York Pioneers. 1879 was the beginning of the Toronto Industrial Exhibition the CNE, the York Pioneers worked with the CNE’s founders to move the cabin to its current site to celebrate the fair’s inauguration.
The cabin was dismantled and reconstructed by the York Pioneers on the grounds of the first Industrial Exhibition, now Exhibition Place, on August 22, 1879. The York Pioneers operate Scadding Cabin as a museum. Scadding Cabin is furnished as a pioneer home from the 1830s to early 1840s, although there are artifacts that date back to the 1790s. Furnishings include two spinning wheels and a wool winder, equipment for making bread and butter, a candle mold and utensils for cooking on an open hearth. Scadding Cabin is open during the Canadian National Exhibition held each year from mid-August to the end of Canada’s Labour Day weekend; the cabin is open through special arrangements and for community events during the summer months such as Toronto’s Doors Open. In the past the cabin has been open during the Luminato Festival and annual CHIN picnic when these events are held at Exhibition Place. List of oldest buildings and structures in Toronto Fort Rouillé York Pioneers Historical Society Website John Scadding Cabin on TOBuilt
Horticulture Building (Toronto)
The Horticulture Building, which houses the Toronto Event Centre, is a heritage building at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada, containing event and conference space. It was built in 1907 for the display of horticulture during the annual Canadian National Exhibition, it is a listed heritage building. Along with four other buildings at Exhibition Place designed by the same architect, George W. Gouinlock, it is a National Historic Site of Canada. In 2004, the building was leased to a private company for 20 years to use as a nightclub and for special events; the Horticulture Building was constructed in 1907 and was designed by local architect G. W. Gouinlock in the Beaux-Arts style, it is a one-storey building, in the layout of an "E", with a large glass dome at the intersection of the wings. The glass dome is the site of the main entrance facing south; the wings extend to the west to the north. The site was the location of Toronto's Crystal Palace building, an exhibition hall fashioned after the design of the Crystal Palace in London, England.
Toronto's Crystal Palace was destroyed by fire on October 18, 1906, spread by sparks from a fire in the grandstand building. The following year, the Horticulture Building was constructed. Between 1942 and 1946, when the CNE grounds were in use by the Canadian armed forces, the Horticulture Building became the Quartermaster Stores. In September 1949, when the S. S. Noronic passenger liner was destroyed by fire in Toronto Harbour, the Horticulture Building was turned into an emergency morgue, it temporarily housed as many as 104 casualties. In 1958, the building was used in the design competition for Toronto's City Hall. All of the models for the new city hall and square were put on display for public inspection. In 2004, Muzik Clubs Inc. won a competitive process to occupy the building and grounds from 2004 until 2024. It operated the upscale Muzik nightclub on Saturday nights and used the building for other private events. In 2013, the club proposed building swimming pools on the site in exchange for an extension of the lease until 2034.
That proposal was turned down. Muzik Clubs Inc. is now known as Toronto Event Centre, its focus is more on corporate events. Toronto Event Centre website
Toronto Police Service
The Toronto Police Service is the police agency servicing Toronto, Canada. Established in 1834, it was the first municipal police service created in North America and is one of the oldest police services in the English-speaking world, it is the largest municipal police service in Canada and third largest police force in Canada after the Ontario Provincial Police and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. With a budget of over $1 billion, it ranks second to the Toronto Transit Commission in the budgetary expenses of the municipal government of Toronto; the Toronto Police Service was founded in 1834, when the city of Toronto was first created from the town of York. Prior to that, local able-bodied male citizens were required to report for night duty as special constables for a fixed number of nights per year on pain of fine or imprisonment, in a system known as "watch and ward"; the Toronto Police is one of the English-speaking world's oldest modern municipal police departments. The London Metropolitan Police of 1829 is recognized as the first modern municipal police department.
In 1835, Toronto retained five full-time constables—a ratio of about one officer for every 1,850 citizens. Their daily pay was set at 7 shillings, 6 pence, for night duty. In 1837, the constables’ annual pay was fixed at £75 per annum, a lucrative city position when compared to the mayor's annual pay of £250 at the time. From 1834 to 1859, the Toronto Police was a corrupt and notoriously political force, with its constables loyal to the local aldermen who appointed police officers in their own wards for the duration of their incumbency. Toronto constables on numerous occasions suppressed opposition candidate meetings and took sides during bitter sectarian violence between Orange Order and Irish Catholic radical factions in the city. A provincial government report in 1841 described the Toronto Police as "formidable engines of oppression". Although constables were issued uniforms in 1837, one contemporary recalled that the Toronto Police was "without uniformity, except in one respect—they were uniformly slovenly."
After an excessive outbreak of street violence involving Toronto Police misconduct, including an episode where constables brawled with Toronto's firemen in one incident, stood by doing nothing in another incident while enraged firemen burned down a visiting circus when its clowns jumped a lineup at a local brothel, the entire Toronto Police force, along with its chief, were fired in 1859. The new force was removed from Toronto City Council jurisdiction and placed under the control of a provincially mandated Board of Police Commissioners. Under its new Chief, William Stratton Prince, a former infantry captain, standardized training, hiring practices and new strict rules of discipline and professional conduct were introduced. Today's Toronto Police Service directly traces its ethos, constitutional lineage and Police Commission regulatory structure to the 1859 reforms. In the 19th century, the Toronto Police focused on the suppression of rebellion in the city—particularly during the Fenian threats of 1860 to 1870.
The Toronto Police were Canada's first security intelligence agency when they established a network of spies and informants throughout Canada West in 1864 to combat US Army recruiting agents attempting to induce British Army soldiers stationed in Canada to desert to serve in the Union Army in the Civil War. The Toronto Police operatives turned to spying on the activities of the Fenians and filed reports to the Chief Constable from as far as Buffalo, Detroit and New York City; when in December 1864, the Canada West secret frontier police was established under Stipendiary Magistrate Gilbert McMicken, some of the Toronto Police agents were reassigned to this new agency. In 1863, Toronto Police officers were used as "Indian fighters" during the Manitoulin Island Incident, when some fifty natives armed with knives forced the fishery inspector William Gibbard and a fishery operation to withdraw from unceded tribal lands on Lake Huron. Thirteen armed Toronto Police officers, along with constables from Barrie, were dispatched to Manitoulin Island to assist the government in retaking the fishery operation, but were forced back when the natives advanced now armed with rifles.
The police withdrew but were reinforced and arrested the entire band, but not before William Gibbard was killed by unknown parties. In the 1870s, as the Fenian threat began to wane and the Victorian moral reform movement gained momentum, Toronto police functioned in the role of "urban missionaries" whose function it was to regulate unruly and immoral behaviour among the "lower classes", they were entirely focused on arresting drunks, prostitutes and violators of Toronto's ultra-strict Sunday "blue law"In the days before public social services, the force functioned as a social services mega-agency. Prior the creation of the Toronto Humane Society in 1887 and the Children's Aid Society in 1891, the police oversaw animal and child welfare, including the enforcement of child support payments, they acted as the Board of Health. Police stations at the time were designed with space for the housing of homeless, as no other public agency in Toronto dealt with this problem. Shortly before the Great Depression, in 1925, the Toronto Police housed 16,500 homeless people.
The Toronto Police regulated street-level business: cab drivers, street vendors, corner grocers, rag men, junk dealers, laundry operators. Under