London King's Cross railway station
King's Cross railway station known as London King's Cross, is a passenger railway terminus in the London Borough of Camden, on the edge of Central London. It is in the London station group, one of the busiest stations in the United Kingdom and the southern terminus of the East Coast Main Line to North East England and Scotland. Adjacent to King's Cross station is St Pancras International, the London terminus for Eurostar services to continental Europe. Beneath both main line stations is King's Cross St. Pancras tube station on the London Underground; the station was opened in Kings Cross in 1852 by the Great Northern Railway on the northern edge of Central London to accommodate the East Coast Main Line. It grew to cater for suburban lines and was expanded several times in the 19th century, it came under the ownership of the London and North Eastern Railway as part of the Big Four grouping in 1923, who introduced famous services such as the Flying Scotsman and locomotives such as Mallard. The station complex was redeveloped in the 1970s, simplifying the layout and providing electric suburban services, it became a major terminus for the high-speed InterCity 125.
As of 2018, long-distance trains from King's Cross are run by London North Eastern Railway to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central via York and Newcastle. In addition, Great Northern runs suburban commuter trains around north London. In the late 20th century, the area around the station became known for its seedy and downmarket character, was used as a backdrop for several films as a result. A major redevelopment was undertaken in the 21st century, including restoration of the original roof, the station became well known for its association with the Harry Potter books and films the fictional Platform 9¾; the station stands on the London Inner Ring Road at the eastern end of Euston Road, next to the junction with Pentonville Road, Gray's Inn Road and York Way, in what is now the London Borough of Camden. To the west, at the other side of Pancras Road, is St Pancras railway station. Several London bus routes, including 10, 30, 59, 73, 91, 205, 390, 476 pass in front of or to the side of the station.
King's Cross is spelled both without an apostrophe. King's Cross is used in signage at the Network Rail and London Underground stations, on the Tube map and on the official Network Rail webpage, it featured on early Underground maps, but has been used on them since 1951. Kings X, Kings + and London KX are abbreviations used in space-limited contexts; the National Rail station code is KGX. The area of King's Cross was a village known as Battle Bridge, an ancient crossing of the River Fleet known as Broad Ford Bradford Bridge; the river flowed along what is now the west side of Pancras Road until it was rerouted underground in 1825. The name "Battle Bridge" is linked to tradition that this was the site of a major battle between the Romans and the Celtic British Iceni tribe led by Boudica. According to folklore, King's Cross is the site of Boudica's final battle and some sources say she is buried under one of the platforms. Platforms 9 and 10 have been suggested as possible sites. Boudica's ghost is reported to haunt passages under the station, around platforms 8–10.
King's Cross station was built in 1851–52 as the London terminus of the Great Northern Railway, was the fifth London terminal to be constructed. It replaced a temporary station next to Maiden Lane, constructed with the line's arrival in London in 1850; the station took its name from the King's Cross building, a monument to King George IV that stood in the area and was demolished in 1845. Construction was on the site of a smallpox hospital and it replaced a temporary terminus at Maiden Lane that had opened on 7 August 1850. Plans for the station were made in December 1848 under the direction of George Turnbull, resident engineer for constructing the first 20 miles of the Great Northern Railway out of London; the station's detailed design was by Lewis Cubitt, the brother of Thomas Cubitt, Sir William Cubitt. The design comprised two great arched train sheds, with a brick structure at the south end designed to reflect the arches behind, its main feature was a 112-foot high clock tower that held treble and bass bells, the latter weighing 1 ton 9 cwt.
In size, it was inspired by the 200 yards long Moscow Riding Academy of 1825, leading to its built length of 268 yards. The station, the biggest in England, opened on 14 October 1852, it had one arrival and one departure platform, the space between was used for carriage sidings. The platforms have been reconfigured several times, they have been numbered 1 to 8 since 1972. Suburban traffic grew with the opening of stations at Hornsey in 1850, Holloway Road in 1856, Wood Green in 1859 and Seven Sisters Road in 1861. Midland Railway services to Leicester via Hitchin and Bedford began running from King's Cross on 1 February 1858. More platforms were added in 1862. In 1866, a connection was made via the Metropolitan Railway to the London and Dover Railway at Farringdon, with goods and passenger services to South London via Herne Hill. A separate suburban station to the west of the main building, housing platforms 9–11 as of 1972 and known initi
West Yorkshire Metro
Metro is the passenger information brand used by the West Yorkshire Combined Authority in England. It was formed on 1 April 1974 as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive at the same time as the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire; the Metro brand has been used from the outset, since the formal abolition of the WYPTE on 1 April 2014, it has been the public facing name of the organisation. The transport authority of West Yorkshire, responsible for setting transport policy, is the West Yorkshire Combined Authority; the WYCA is responsible for delivery of transport policies. Metro is a public transport brand of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority which is, through its transport committee, the transport authority for West Yorkshire, it replaced the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority on 1 April 2014. The West Yorkshire County Council was the transport authority from 1 April 1974 until 1 April 1986, it was replaced by the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority, made up of elected councillors from the districts of West Yorkshire.
The West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority was renamed the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority following the Local Transport Act 2008. The Metro brand was adopted in 1988. Buses are operated by private companies, with early morning, late evening and rural services supported by Metro. There is a special rural bus section, which promotes a combination of minor local links and major long distance routes. On 1 April 1974, the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive was created by merging the municipal bus fleets of Bradford City Transport, Leeds City Transport, Huddersfield Joint Omnibus Committee and Halifax Joint Omnibus Committee, which earlier in the 1970s swallowed up Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee; the operation was divided into four districts and a new livery of cream and verona green replaced the Bradford light blue & cream, Huddersfield red & cream, Leeds two-tone green and Halifax & Calderdale orange, green & cream. Created following the Local Government Act 1972, the Executive had to operate within the policy guidelines of the County Council Public Transport Committee, coordinating the operation of all public transport in the county.
The Executive inherited 1,500 buses along with 6,000 staff and the associated garages and street furniture. The Executive relinquished ownership of local buses following the Transport Act 1985, creating arms-length operating companies, it continued to coordinate public transport as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority when the metropolitan county was abolished in 1986. New buses were purchased in large numbers at the outset. In 1976 Baddeley Brothers of Holmfirth was purchased providing the PTE with additional coaching and stage-carriage duties. In 1980 the Baddeley Brothers business was disposed of, although the Metrocoach operation was retained. In 1976 modifications were made to the livery. There were three stripes at the sides of the destination box, which wrapped round to the sides and swept down; this took time to apply, a trial was made with one thin line. In 1977 the lines were removed and the green area at the skirting of was raised up, so there was more green; the other change was the fleet name to MetroBus in 1976, removing the district names.
On 25 April 1977, the PTE acquired the old-established Kinsley based United Services from WR & P Bingley. As well as providing the PTE with more coaching operations, this took it into an area of West Yorkshire where it had had no presence. United Services was maintained as a separate subsidiary and retained its distinctive blue livery, whilst a new livery of red & ivory was adopted for the PTE's coaches, which operated under the "Metrocoach" banner, with brown added for "Metrocoach Executive". Bingley's depot received double-deckers transferred from the Leeds District. In early 1981 a reorganisation of operating districts was implemented with the East District becoming responsible for the Leeds depots and United Services, whilst the West District took control of Bradford, Halifax and Huddersfield. Three new Leyland National 2s were acquired in blue livery. In July 1981, MetroBus and the National Bus Company formed a new integrated transport system known as the "Metro-National Transport Company Limited".
All PTE and NBC buses began to appear with a new emblem, which consisted of the MetroBus WY's in one box and the NBC "double N" or "N-blem" appearing in another to the right of the PTE emblem, lower. The boxes were linked to show the integration, they appeared with MetroBus fleetnames with "The easy way from here to there in West Yorkshire". The new "Metrobus" fleetname being applied not only to PTE owned vehicles on which WYPTE lettering was carried beneath the fleet name, but buses of NBC subsidiaries West Yorkshire Road Car Company, West Riding Automobile Company, Yorkshire Woollen Transport Company and Yorkshire Traction, carrying "West Yorkshire", "West Riding", "Yorkshire" and "Yorkshire Traction" names below the Metrobus name; some years some of those buses were repainted into the PTEs verona cream and buttermilk livery so as to present a corporate image. From this date the "WY" logo on the front of buses was replaced by the "Metro-National" emblem in mid-1983, to celebrate 100 years of public transport in Huddersfield, MetroBus paint two vehicles in old liveries: Leyland Atlanteans carried Huddersfield Corporation red livery and Huddersfield Corporation Tramways livery.
They became "Building on a Great Tradition" vehicles and were in those liveries until the late 1990s. Deregulation occurred on 2
Harrogate railway station
Harrogate railway station serves the town of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, England. Located on the Harrogate Line it is 18.25 miles north of Leeds. Northern operate the station and provide nearly all passenger train services except a daily London North Eastern Railway service to and from London King's Cross; the station was opened by the North Eastern Railway on 1 August 1862. It was designed by the architect Thomas Prosser and was the first building in Harrogate built of brick and had two platforms. Before it opened, the town's rail routes had been somewhat fragmented - the York and North Midland Railway branch line from Church Fenton via Tadcaster had a terminus in the town, but the Leeds Northern Railway main line between Leeds and Thirsk bypassed it to the east to avoid costly engineering work to cross the Crimple Valley and the East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway from York terminated at Starbeck. Once the individual companies had become part of the NER, the company concentrated all lines at a new single depot.
A storm in November 1866 caused a chimney stack to fall through the station roof causing considerable damage. In 1873, a footbridge was added; the booking office was robbed on 7 December 1868 when thieves drilled through the ticket window covering with a bit and brace, stole a small amount of cash. The station platforms were lengthened by 100 yards in 1883 as a result of the opening of a second route to Leeds via Wetherby in 1876. In 1892, the actor, Harry Fischer, was shot at by Violet Gordon at the station, she was arrested by the police. The station was demolished in 1964/65 and replaced with a more utilitarian one by Taylor Bown and Miller, Architects. A car park now occupies the site of the bay platforms on the south side, it coincided with the loss of three of the main routes through the town in the Beeching Axe - both routes via Wetherby closed to passenger traffic on 6 January 1964 and the Leeds Northern route to Northallerton via Ripon on 6 March 1967. The York branch was included in Beeching's 1963 report, but it was reprieved in 1966 and remains open.
The original, attractive wrought iron footbridge remained until the mid 2000s when it was taken down and replaced by a modern plain steel one further down the platform. The station was serviced by a cafe called the'Circle Bar' until its closure in the 1990s; the station has a staffed ticket office open seven days a week, along with ticket machines. Facilities include a newsagent, key cutters, ATMs, a cafe, photo booths and a waiting room, all located on the main concourse on Platform 1; the station has three platforms, but only platforms 1 and 3 are in operation - platform 2 is not in public use. Full step-free access is available to both main platforms and they are linked by a footbridge with lifts. Ticket barriers were installed in early 2017; the Monday to Sunday daytime service is a half-hourly to Leeds calling at all stations and to Knaresborough on the Harrogate Line with an hourly service onwards to York calling at all stations en route. Services double in frequency at peak time to Leeds, resulting in 4tph with 1tph running fast to Horsforth.
There are 4tph in the opposite direction between 16:29 and 18:00 from Leeds with one running fast from Horsforth to Harrogate. Evenings an hourly service operates from Leeds through Harrogate towards York. London North Eastern Railway operates a daily morning service starting in Harrogate to London King's Cross, with an evening return. Proposals have been made to create a station between Harrogate and Starbeck at Bilton, whilst the new Northern franchise operator Arriva Rail North plans to improve service frequencies towards Leeds to 4tph from 7am to 7pm once the new franchise agreement starts in April 2016. Most trains are operated by Class 150 DMUs, Class 155, Class 142 & 144'Pacer' railbuses and Class 153 single units. Class 158 units are used at peak times; the London service is operated using a High Speed Train. Harrogate's first railway station, was the terminus of York and North Midland Railway's branch line and the first train arrived there on 20 July 1848; the station was situated on the site where Trinity Church now stands, close to the Prince of Wales roundabout and some distance from either High or Low Harrogate.
When the new line of the North Eastern Railway entered Harrogate via a cutting through The Stray, Brunswick closed and the first train into the town centre station was on 1 August 1862. The city was served by a railway station on the Leeds-Northallerton Line that ran between Leeds and Northallerton via Harrogate and Ripon, it was once part of the North Eastern Railway and LNER. The site is now occupied by Starbeck railway station; the Ripon Line was closed to passengers on 6 March 1967 and to freight on 5 September 1969 as part of the wider Beeching Axe, despite a vigorous campaign by local campaigners, including the city's MP. Today much of the route of the line through the city is now a relief road and although the former station still stands, it is now surrounded by a new housing development; the issue remains a significant one in local politics and there are movements wanting to restore the line. Reports suggest the reopening of a line between Ripon and Harrogate railway station would be economically viable, costing £40 million and could attract 1,200 passengers a day, rising to 2,700.
Campaigners call on MPs to restore Ripon railway link. Train times and station information for Harrogate railway station from National
The Harrogate line is a passenger rail line through parts of North Yorkshire and the West Yorkshire area of northern England connecting Leeds to York by way of Harrogate and Knaresborough. Service on the line is operated by Northern, with a few additional workings by London North Eastern Railway starting and terminating at Harrogate. West Yorkshire Metro's bus and rail MetroCard ticket is available for journeys between Leeds and Harrogate; the routes over which the Harrogate line trains now run were opened in 1848 by two of the railways which came to be part of the North Eastern Railway: the Leeds Northern Railway and the East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway. At the time of the 1923 Grouping the Harrogate area formed the junction for five routes: the main line was that of the Leeds-Northallerton railway; the line terminated in Harrogate at the Brunswick station, opened in 1848 but closed in 1862 when a new and more central station was opened. The 39-mile line is composed of all or part of the following Network Rail routes: LNE 9 from Leeds LNE 6A from Leeds West JunctionLNE 6 from HarrogateLNE 2 from Skelton Junction to York Currently open stations are shown in bold font.
Leeds is a major transport hub where several commuter lines meet. Trains scheduled to operate via Harrogate to York are shown with the destination of "Poppleton via Harrogate" because the Leeds-York journey via this route takes 40 minutes longer than on the route of the York and Selby Lines via Garforth. Royal Gardens, only a short distance from Burley Park, was closed in 1858. Cardigan Road Goods station is now the site of a builders yard. Burley Park opened in 1988. Headingley near Kirkstall Lane is the closest station to the Kirkstall Lane end of Headingley Stadium. Horsforth Woodside was located near Leeds Outer Ring Road, today's A6120, closed in 1864. Opening of a new station here has been discussed on several occasions. Horsforth is physically the closest railway station to Leeds & Bradford Airport, though no direct public transport link exists between Horsforth station and the Airport terminal; the closest railway station with a bus link is Guiseley on the busier electrified Wharfedale Line.
Bramhope Tunnel with a length of 2 miles 220 yd is the longest tunnel on the historic NER system. Arthington was a triangular junction for the line to Otley. Both station and branch are now closed. Plans to reopen the station as a park and ride facility for Pool-in Wharfedale have been mooted by campaigners, but both Otley Town Council and West Yorkshire Metro state that the local road network could not support a park and ride facility. Arthington Viaduct Weeton serves Huby and Otley. Pannal serves Burn Bridge and Spacey Houses; the line climbs and turns passing the junction with the former Harrogate–Church Fenton line where the short-lived Crimple station was located, crosses Crimple Valley Viaduct, under which the original main line passed en route to Starbeck. The course of this section can be seen from the viaduct. Hornbeam Park serves the southern parts of Harrogate, Oatlands and is the closest station to the Great Yorkshire Showground. Harrogate is served by trains to and from London; the bus station is adjacent.
Starbeck serves Woodlands. Here were the junctions for the former Nidd Valley Railway to Pateley Bridge and the line to Ripon and Northallerton. Knaresborough is near Knaresborough High Street. Here the line to Pilmoor branched off; the line crosses the River Nidd on a four-arch stone viaduct. Goldsborough closed to passengers in 1958 and to freight in 1965. Hopperton closed to passengers in 1958 and to freight in 1962. Cattal serves Cattal and Green Hammerton. Hammerton serves Kirk Hammerton. Wilstrop Siding served Copmanthorpe and closed to passengers in 1931, to freight in 1964. Marston Moor which served Long Marston closed to passengers in 1958, to freight in 1965 and to parcels in 1967. Hessay closed to passengers in 1958 and to freight in 1964. Poppleton serves Nether Poppleton. York is served by the East Coast Main Line and by the York and Selby Lines and the Dearne Valley line, trains on the latter two being operated by Northern. At York station, trains travelling to Leeds via Harrogate are shown with the destination of Burley Park.
In addition to the regular services on the Harrogate line, there is an increased service which runs prior to and after a major event on at Headingley Stadium such as an international cricket test match. The services run between Leeds and Horsforth stations to cater for a large usage at Headingley and Burley Park railway stations, tickets are sold by Revenue Protection staff at the entrances to the platforms; this is to reduce the queue for tickets at Leeds station. Extra services have been run on the Harrogate line for the Great Yorkshire Show. On weekdays a daily morning direct service to London King's Cross operates via Leeds. On 20 January 2011 the Government owned East Coast Franchise Operator announced that following strong local representations an evening return service is to be reinstated, providing a direct train from London to Harrogate 7 days a week from May 2011. In July 2014, the Tour de France Grand Depart 2014 was held in Yorkshire with stage 1 from Leeds to Harrogate and thousands of spectators were expected.
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
The Leeds–Northallerton railway is a disused railway line between West and North Yorkshire, in northern England. The line was opened in the 1850s; the Leeds and Thirsk Railway via Starbeck opened on 9 July 1848. In 1852 as the Leeds Northern Railway the extension to Northallerton and Stockton opened; the line became part of the North Eastern Railway in the 1854 amalgamation. All three stations at Leeds were used at various times; the section between Leeds and Harrogate is still extant, but its trains now serve a former branch line to York instead of continuing through Ripon to Northallerton. The line north of Harrogate was closed a few years after the publication of Richard Beeching's The Reshaping of British Railways report; the route was closed to passenger traffic on 6 March 1967, but a limited number of freight trains used the line to Ripon until 1969. It was supposed that closing this stretch of line would have little impact, since passengers travelling north could join the East Coast Main Line at York.
The stretch was temporarily re-opened as an emergency diversionary route during the Thirsk rail crash. The closure of the northern section of the line meant an end to over 100 years of railway service to the city of Ripon. In 2005, North Yorkshire County Council commissioned Ove Arup to undertake a feasibility study into the possibility of reopening the closed stretch of line between Harrogate and Ripon; the city was served by Ripon railway station on the Leeds-Northallerton line that ran between Leeds and Northallerton. It was once part of the North Eastern Railway and LNER; the Ripon line was closed to passengers on 6 March 1967 and to freight on 5 September 1969 as part of the wider Beeching Axe, despite a vigorous campaign by local campaigners, including the city's MP. Today much of the route of the line through the city is now a relief road and although the former station still stands, it is now surrounded by a new housing development; the issue remains a significant one in local politics and there are movements wanting to restore the line.
Reports suggest the reopening of a line between Ripon and Harrogate railway station would be economically viable, costing £40 million and could attract 1,200 passengers a day, rising to 2,700. Campaigners call on MPs to restore Ripon railway link. In October 2015, North Yorkshire County Council included the reopening in its Strategic Transport Prospectus, submitted to Transport for the North. In February 2016 the County Council included it in its Local Transport Plan, but it is accepted that it is unlikely to happen until after 2030. From Leeds Leeds Central Holbeck Low Level Royal Gardens Burley Park opened 1988 Headingley Horsforth Woodside Horsforth Arthington Weeton Pannal Hornbeam Park Harrogate: The Harrogate loop was completed in 1862 Starbeck: The original route via Starbeck opened in 1848 Nidd Bridge Wormald Green Ripon Melmerby Melmerby was a junction with the original line to Baldersby and Thirsk Melmerby was the junction for the line to Tanfield and Masham At Melmerby South, there was the junction for a short branch to a Ministry of Supply Ordnance Depot.
Sinderby Pickhill Newby Wiske Northallerton List of closed railway lines in Great Britain List of closed railway stations in Britain Bairstow, Railways Around Harrogate, ISBN 1-871944-18-X Reopening of Harrogate to Ripon line feasibility study PDF
Knaresborough railway station
Knaresborough railway station is a Grade II listed station serving the town of Knaresborough in North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Harrogate Line 16.75 miles west of York and is operated by Northern who provide all passenger train services. The station is located at the northern side of the Nidd Viaduct off Station Road to the South West side of Knaresborough town centre; the station is in walking distance from the Western side of Knaresborough. The East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway was opened from York to a temporary terminus known as Hay Park Lane, Knaresborough on 30 October 1848; the E&WYJR was absorbed by the York and North Midland Railway on 1 July 1851. Three weeks with the completion of the stone viaduct crossing the River Nidd at Knaresborough on 21 July 1851, the temporary station was closed and a new Knaresborough station opened on the current site just beyond the stone viaduct. In 1865 the North Eastern Railway replaced the 1851 station with a design by Thomas Prosser.
The station was rebuilt c.1890. The 1851 Water tower is still extant. Beyond the platforms eastbound was a tunnel which separated the station from the goods yard and the line's major junction; the Knaresborough to Boroughbridge branch diverged from the main line to York opposite the goods yard. This line continued north-east until it met the East Coast Main Line between York and Northallerton at Pilmoor; the tunnel is still extant with both north and south portals are now listed structures. The station signal box is somewhat unusual in that it was built onto the end of an adjoining row of terraced houses on Kirkgate. - it supervises the single line section eastwards to Cattal, an adjacent level crossing and a crossover, used to reverse those trains from Leeds that terminate here. The station has ticket machines available; the station buildings on the eastbound platform are in private commercial use - one of these is a cafe, open to the public. Both platforms are linked by subway and the level crossing.
Step-free access is via separate entrances to each platform. A long line P. A system and passenger information screens are in place to provide train running details. On 5 March 2015, the Harrogate Line, amongst others in the area including the Leeds-Bradford Interchange-Halifax Line, the Selby-Hull Line and the Northallerton-Middlesbrough Line were named top priority for electrification. No date has been set however. Money has been set aside for the doubling of the single line sections between Knaresborough and York; this will allow capacity improvements along the whole line. The projected completion date for this work is 2018. During Monday to Saturday off-peak, there is a half-hourly service to Leeds and an hourly service to York. During evenings and on Sundays, there is an hourly service in each direction. Video footage of Knaresborough railway stationTrain times and station information for Knaresborough railway station from National Rail