An earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities; the seismicity, or seismic activity, of an area is the frequency and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. The word tremor is used for non-earthquake seismic rumbling. At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and displacing or disrupting the ground; when the epicenter of a large earthquake is located offshore, the seabed may be displaced sufficiently to cause a tsunami. Earthquakes can trigger landslides, volcanic activity. In its most general sense, the word earthquake is used to describe any seismic event—whether natural or caused by humans—that generates seismic waves. Earthquakes are caused by rupture of geological faults, but by other events such as volcanic activity, mine blasts, nuclear tests.
An earthquake's point of initial rupture is called its hypocenter. The epicenter is the point at ground level directly above the hypocenter. Tectonic earthquakes occur anywhere in the earth where there is sufficient stored elastic strain energy to drive fracture propagation along a fault plane; the sides of a fault move past each other smoothly and aseismically only if there are no irregularities or asperities along the fault surface that increase the frictional resistance. Most fault surfaces do have such asperities and this leads to a form of stick-slip behavior. Once the fault has locked, continued relative motion between the plates leads to increasing stress and therefore, stored strain energy in the volume around the fault surface; this continues until the stress has risen sufficiently to break through the asperity allowing sliding over the locked portion of the fault, releasing the stored energy. This energy is released as a combination of radiated elastic strain seismic waves, frictional heating of the fault surface, cracking of the rock, thus causing an earthquake.
This process of gradual build-up of strain and stress punctuated by occasional sudden earthquake failure is referred to as the elastic-rebound theory. It is estimated that only 10 percent or less of an earthquake's total energy is radiated as seismic energy. Most of the earthquake's energy is used to power the earthquake fracture growth or is converted into heat generated by friction. Therefore, earthquakes lower the Earth's available elastic potential energy and raise its temperature, though these changes are negligible compared to the conductive and convective flow of heat out from the Earth's deep interior. There are three main types of fault, all of which may cause an interplate earthquake: normal and strike-slip. Normal and reverse faulting are examples of dip-slip, where the displacement along the fault is in the direction of dip and movement on them involves a vertical component. Normal faults occur in areas where the crust is being extended such as a divergent boundary. Reverse faults occur in areas.
Strike-slip faults are steep structures where the two sides of the fault slip horizontally past each other. Many earthquakes are caused by movement on faults that have components of both dip-slip and strike-slip. Reverse faults those along convergent plate boundaries are associated with the most powerful earthquakes, megathrust earthquakes, including all of those of magnitude 8 or more. Strike-slip faults continental transforms, can produce major earthquakes up to about magnitude 8. Earthquakes associated with normal faults are less than magnitude 7. For every unit increase in magnitude, there is a thirtyfold increase in the energy released. For instance, an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 releases 30 times more energy than a 5.0 magnitude earthquake and a 7.0 magnitude earthquake releases 900 times more energy than a 5.0 magnitude of earthquake. An 8.6 magnitude earthquake releases the same amount of energy as 10,000 atomic bombs like those used in World War II. This is so because the energy released in an earthquake, thus its magnitude, is proportional to the area of the fault that ruptures and the stress drop.
Therefore, the longer the length and the wider the width of the faulted area, the larger the resulting magnitude. The topmost, brittle part of the Earth's crust, the cool slabs of the tectonic plates that are descending down into the hot mantle, are the only parts of our planet which can store elastic energy and release it in fault ruptures. Rocks hotter than about 300 °C flow in response to stress; the maximum observed lengths of ruptures and mapped faults are 1,000 km. Examples are the earthquakes in Chile, 1960; the longest earthquake ruptures on strike-slip faults, like the San Andreas Fault, the North Anatolian Fault in Turkey and the Denali Fault in Alaska, are about half to one third as long as the lengths along subducting plate margins, those along normal faults are shorter. The most important parameter controlling the maximum earthquake magnitude on a fault is however not the maximum available length, but the available width because the latter varies by a factor of 20. Along converging plate margins, the dip angle of the rupture plane is shallow about 10 de
William Farmer is an American voice actor and comedian. He has performed the voice of the Disney character Goofy since 1987, is the current voice of Pluto and Horace Horsecollar. Farmer was born on November 1952 in Pratt, Kansas, as the second child in his family, his parents were of Welsh descent. Farmer's first job, at the age of 15, involved doing voices those of Western stars like John Wayne or Walter Brennan, he and his friends would sometimes go through fast food drive-thrus and order foods in his character voices. Bill attended the University of Kansas, is a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. In college, he found work in radio and TV and moved on to stand-up comedy as an impressionist until he moved out to Hollywood, where he began voicing Goofy in January 1987. In 1982, while he was still doing stand-up comedy, Farmer worked at a comedy club called the Comedy Corner in Dallas, Texas, he continued to work there until his move to Hollywood in 1986. His decision to move to California came from a Dallas commercial agent who suggested that, given his talent for voices, he should try his luck in California.
He was married, but he and his wife talked it over and came to an arrangement. She stayed back in Dallas. Four months after his moving out to Hollywood, his agent asked him if he could do any Disney characters, he asserts that voice acting about acting. His mentor was the versatile voice actor Daws Butler, the man behind many of Hanna-Barbera's characters, he taught Farmer that when doing cartoon voices, you're not doing a funny voice, you're an actor and the acting is premier and you have to think like the character you're doing. In 1987, he had a small part as reporter Justin Ballard-Watkins in the film RoboCop. Farmer's first voice over audition was for Goofy; when he auditioned for the voice, he studied the way the original actor Pinto Colvig performed as Goofy in the classic cartoons. He studied the hilarious laugh and the distinctive "gawrsh", he inherited the voice of Goofy around the same time Tony Anselmo inherited Donald Duck and Wayne Allwine and Russi Taylor did for Mickey and Minnie Mouse, respectively.
He originated the voice of Horace Horsecollar in Disney's version of The Prince and the Pauper and has played him since as well. Farmer performed additional voices on The New Adventures of Mighty Mouse and Astro Boy. Other significant characters he has played include Yosemite Sam and Foghorn Leghorn in the movie Space Jam, he has done several guest voices, both on TV, including The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy and in video games, including the Destroy All Humans! series, Namco's Tales of Symphonia, where he voiced Governor-General Dorr, in Square Enix's Kingdom Hearts series reprising the role of Goofy, Detective Date in the SEGA game Yakuza, Captain Wedgewood and Frill Lizard in Ty the Tasmanian Tiger, many voices on EverQuest II, Cletus Samson, Floyd Sanders, Jeff Meyers and Ryan LaRosa in the video game Dead Rising and Sam and others in the cult classic adventure game Sam & Max Hit the Road. Farmer has played Secret Squirrel on Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law in both the animated series and its spin-off video game, Stinkie in Casper: A Spirited Beginning and Casper Meets Wendy, Willie Bear in Horton Hears a Who! and Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck in Robot Chicken.
He voiced Gaston in one part of Beauty and the Beast, when Gaston eats eggs. As of 2014, he plays Doc, the leader of the title characters in Disney's animated television series The 7D, he voiced Blackhoof Boar Clan Leader in the 2008 video game Kung Fu Panda Bill Farmer still performs comedy routines at the Laugh Factory. In September 2009, Farmer was named a Disney Legend. In 2011, the International Family Film Festival awarded Bill Farmer the'Friz Award' for Animation, he won the Annie Award for Voice Acting in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production for his work as Goofy and Grandma Goofy in Mickey Mouse. Farmer has been married to his wife Jennifer Farmer since 1985. Official website Bill Farmer on IMDb
Horton Hears a Who!
Horton Hears a Who! is a children's book written and illustrated by Theodor Seuss Geisel under the pen name Dr. Seuss and was published in 1954 by Random House, it is the second Dr. Seuss book to feature Horton the Elephant, the first being Horton Hatches the Egg; the Whos would reappear in How the Grinch Stole Christmas!. Miranda Richardson read the book as part of her second audio collection of Dr. Seuss books; the other three books she narrated were Oh, the Places You'll Go!, Mr. Brown Can Moo! Can You?, Happy Birthday to You!. The book tells the story of Horton the Elephant, while splashing in a pool, hears a small speck of dust talking to him. Horton surmises that a small person lives on the speck and places it on a clover, vowing to protect it, he discovers that the speck is a tiny planet, home to a community called Whoville, where microscopic creatures called Whos live. The Mayor of Whoville asks Horton to protect them from harm, which Horton agrees to, proclaiming throughout the book that "a person’s a person, no matter how small."
Throughout the book, Horton is trying to convince the Jungle of Nool that "A person is a person no matter how small" and that everyone should be treated equally. In his mission to protect the speck, Horton is ridiculed and harassed by the other animals in the jungle for believing in something they can't see or hear, he is first criticized by her joey. The splash they make as they jump into the pool reaches the speck, so Horton decides to find somewhere safer for it, but the news of his odd new behavior spreads and he is soon harassed by a group of monkeys. They give it to Vlad Vladikoff, a black-bottomed eagle. Vlad flies the clover a long distance, with Horton in pursuit, until Vlad drops it into a field of clovers. After a long search, Horton finds the clover with the speck on it. However, the Mayor informs him that Whoville, the town on the speck, is in bad shape from the fall, Horton discovers that the sour kangaroo and the monkeys have caught up to him, they threaten to incinerate the speck in a pot of "Beezle-Nut" oil.
To save Whoville, Horton implores the little people to make as much noise as they can, to prove their existence. So everyone in Whoville shouts and plays instruments, but still no one but Horton can hear them. So the Mayor searches Whoville until he finds a small shirker named JoJo, playing with a yo-yo instead of making noise; the Mayor carries him to the top of Eiffelberg Tower, where Jojo lets out a loud "Yopp!", which makes the kangaroo and the monkeys hear the Whos. Now convinced of the Whos' existence, the other jungle animals vow to help Horton protect the tiny community. Geisel began work on Horton Hears a Who! in the fall of 1953. The book's main theme, "a person's a person no matter how small", was Geisel's reaction to his visit to Japan, where the importance of the individual was an exciting new concept. Geisel, who had harbored strong anti-Japan sentiments before and during World War II, changed his views after the war and used this book as an allegory for the American post-war occupation of the country.
He dedicated the book to a Japanese friend. Horton Hears a Who! is written in anapestic tetrameter, like many other Dr. Seuss books. Unlike some of his books, Horton contains a strong moral message, which Thomas Fensch identifies as "universal, multi-ethnic. In a word: Equality." Fensch contends that the Mayor of Whoville's lines, "When the black-bottomed birdie let go and we dropped,/ We landed so hard that our clocks have all stopped" is a reference to the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The story, along with Horton Hatches the Egg provides the basic plot for the 2000 Broadway musical Seussical. Horton Hears a Who! was adapted into a half-hour animated TV special by MGM Animation/Visual Arts in 1970, directed by Chuck Jones, produced by Theodor Geisel, with narration by Hans Conried, who voiced Horton. In this direction, the Sour Kangaroo's name is Jane. Horton's contact in Whoville was not the Mayor. Jane was voiced by June Foray. In Russia, Alexei Karayev directed I Can Hear You in 1992, a 19-minute paint-on-glass-animated film, based on the Russian translation of Seuss's poetry but features a different visual style.
Horton Hears a Who! was adapted into a computer-animated feature-length film of the same name in 2008, using computer animation from Blue Sky Studios, the animation arm of 20th Century Fox. The cast included Steve Carell, it was released on March 14, 2008. In 1992, The book was made into a direct-to-video, narrated by Dustin Hoffman, and included the other story, Thidwick the Big-Hearted Moose. The central character of the book inspired a design rule for cryptographic systems, known as the Horton Principle. Fensch, Thomas; the Man Who Was Dr. Seuss. Woodlands: New Century Books. ISBN 0-930751-11-6. Morgan, Neil. Dr. Seuss Mr. Geisel: a biography. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80736-7. Scott, A. O.. "Sense and Nonsense". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2013. Smith, Amanda. "Dr. Seuss: Icon and Iconoclast..." Book Talk. Radio National. Retrieved 15 December 2013; the New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, 3rd ed. edited by E. D. Hirsch, Jr. et al. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002 "Ontario: Use of Seuss protested", National Post, Jan.
Isla Lang Fisher is an actress, voice actress, author who began her career on Australian television. Born to Scottish parents in Oman, she moved to Australia at age six. After appearing in television commercials at a young age, Fisher came to prominence for her portrayal of Shannon Reed on the soap opera Home and Away from 1994 to 1997, garnering two Logie Award nominations. Fisher made a successful transition to Hollywood in the live-action film adaptation of Scooby-Doo, has since achieved fame for her roles in Wedding Crashers, Confessions of a Shopaholic, The Great Gatsby, Now You See Me, her other notable film credits include I Heart Huckabees, The Lookout, Maybe, Burke & Hare, Visions, Nocturnal Animals, Keeping Up with the Joneses, Tag. In addition, she has voiced characters in animated films such as Horton Hears a Who!, Rise of the Guardians. On television, she played a recurring role on the fifth seasons of Arrested Development. Fisher has authored the Marge in Charge book series, she has three children.
Fisher was born in Muscat, the daughter of Scottish parents Elspeth Reid and Brian Fisher. Her father worked as a banker in Oman for the United Nations at that time; when she was a child and her family moved back to their hometown of Bathgate in Scotland to Perth, Western Australia, when she was 6 years old. She has four siblings and has said that she had a "great" upbringing in Perth with a "very outdoorsy life." Fisher has stated that her "sensibility is Australian," she has a "laid-back attitude to life," and she feels "very Australian." She considers herself a feminist. Her mother and siblings live in Athens, while her father divides his time between Frankfurt and Nicaragua. Fisher attended Methodist Ladies' College, she appeared in lead roles in school productions such as Little Shop of Horrors. At 21, she attended L'École Internationale de Théâtre Jacques Lecoq in Paris, where she studied clown and commedia dell'arte. Fisher made her first on-screen appearances in commercials on Australian television at the age of 9, made her professional acting debut in 1993, with two guest-starring roles in children's television shows Bay City and Paradise Beach.
At age 18, with the help of her mother, she published two teen novels and Seduced by Fame. Between 1994 and 1997, Fisher played the role of Shannon Reed, a bisexual unconfident young woman who develops anorexia, on the Australian soap opera Home and Away. In a 1996 interview with The Sun-Herald, Fisher spoke of her success and experiences on the show. "I would be stupid to let it go to my head because it could all end tomorrow and I would just fade back into obscurity." She added: "I like working on Home and Away but it's a heavy workload so I get stressed out a lot, We work about 15 hours a day, including the time it takes to learn lines. I know a lot of people work those sort of hours but I think we feel it because most of us are young and inexperienced But I am grateful because it is good experience. It's like an apprenticeship but we do it in front of 20 million people so all our mistakes are up for the world to see." For her performance in the series, Fisher received nominations for Most Popular New Talent at the 1995 Logie Awards, for Most Popular Actress at the 1997 ceremony.
After leaving the soap, Fisher enrolled at L'École Internationale de Théâtre Jacques Lecoq, a theatre and arts training school in Paris, went on to appear in pantomime in the United Kingdom. She toured with Darren Day in the musical Summer Holiday and appeared in the London theatre production Così. Fisher played an ill-fated member in a group of international students from an elite Prague school in the German slasher film Swimming Pool. Fisher transitioned to Hollywood in 2002, with the part of the love interest of a cowardly slacker Shaggy Rogers in the live-action film Scooby-Doo. For the role, she wore a blonde wig because Daphne Blake was supposed to be the only redhead in the film. Although Scooby-Doo received negative reviews, the film was a commercial success, grossing US$275.7 million worldwide. On that early stage in her career, Fisher remarked: "I only came out on the back of — for the premiere of Scooby Doo, and I ended up getting representation and ended up getting a job straight away.
So, I was fortunate, in that I didn't have to come out to L. A. and join a queue of however many people, try to get work. I came in on the back of what was deemed as a big studio movie that had had extraordinary success", she subsequently played supporting roles in the independent film Dallas 362 and the Australian comedy The Wannabes. In his review for the latter, David Rooney of Variety felt that Fisher "adds easy charm and a thinly developed hint of romantic interest", in what he summed as an "uneven but endearing farce about breaking into showbiz". In the comedy I Heart Huckabees, directed by David O. Russell, she played what was described as a "punchy little part", by newspaper The Age. Fisher's breakthrough came with the comedy Wedding Crashers, opposite Vince Vaughn and Owen Wilson, taking on the role of the sexually aggressive and precocious younger daughter of a politician falling in love with an irresponsible wedding crasher. On her part in the film, she remarke
How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000 film)
How the Grinch Stole Christmas! is a 2000 American Christmas fantasy comedy film directed by Ron Howard and written by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman. Based on Dr. Seuss's 1957 book of the same name, the film was the first Dr. Seuss book to be adapted into a full-length feature film; the film stars Jim Carrey in the title role, Jeffrey Tambor, Christine Baranski, Bill Irwin, Molly Shannon and Taylor Momsen. Because the film is based on a children's picture book, many additions were made to the storyline to bring it up to feature-length, including some information about the backstory of the title character and reworking the story's minor character Cindy Lou Who as a main character. Most of the rhymes that were used in the book were used in the film, though some of the lines were to some degree changed and several new rhymes were put in; the film borrowed some music and character elements that originated in the 1966 animated television special. Produced by Howard and Brian Grazer's Imagine Entertainment, Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! was released by Universal Pictures on November 17, 2000 to mixed reviews from critics, with Carrey's performance being favorably praised.
The film grossed over $345 million worldwide, becoming the sixth-highest grossing film of 2000 and was the second highest-grossing holiday film of all-time behind Home Alone, until both movies were surpassed in 2018 by the second film adaptation of the story. It won the Academy Award for Best Makeup as well as getting nominations for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. All the residents of Whoville enjoy celebrating Christmas, except for the Grinch, a misanthropic and egotistical creature who hates it and the Whos. No one likes the Grinch, due to the vengeful and harmful stunts he pulls on them. Six-year-old Cindy Lou Who believes everyone is missing the point about Christmas by focusing on the gifts and festivities, instead of personal relationships, she has a face-to-face encounter with the Grinch at the post office, in which he reluctantly saves her life, she becomes interested in his history. She asks everyone what they discovers his tragic past; the Grinch arrived in Whoville as a baby, was adopted by two spinster sisters.
He showed some sadistic tendencies as a child, but was timid and not as cruel as he would become. In school, the Grinch had a crush on Martha May Whovier, was Augustus Maywho’s rival for Martha May's affections. One year, the Grinch made a Christmas gift for Martha, cut his face attempting to shave after Maywho pointed out he had a beard; when his classmates laughed at his cut face, he lost his temper, destroyed the Christmas gift, trashed the classroom, exiled himself to the top of Mount Crumpit, north of Whoville. Touched by this story, Cindy Lou decides to nominate the Grinch to be the Christmas Whobilation "Holiday Cheermeister", much to the displeasure of Maywho, now the mayor of Whoville, she climbs Mount Crumpit to invite the Grinch to the Whobilation. As Cheermeister, he endures being made to wear an ugly sweater and judge all the Whos' Christmas food concoctions, but he enjoys showing unsportsmanlike conduct by beating all the children in the competitions. Maywho reminds him of his childhood humiliation by giving him an electric shaver as a present publicly proposes marriage to Martha May, giving her a large ring and promising her a new car paid for by the local taxpayers.
In response, the Grinch berates the Whos, telling them that Christmas is only about gifts that they will end up throwing in the garbage, dumped on Mount Crumpit near his home. He proceeds to ruin the party by burning down the town's Christmas tree and causing chaos throughout Whoville, his actions prove fruitless, as the Whos have a spare tree, which they are able to erect before he leaves. The mayor shames Cindy Lou for inviting the Grinch. Since the Grinch's attack has failed to crush the Whos' Christmas spirit, he concocts a plan to steal all of their presents and food while they are sleeping. Creating a Santa suit and powered sleigh, dressing his dog Max as a reindeer, the Grinch descends to Whoville and steals all of the Christmas gifts; when Cindy Lou catches him stealing the tree, he tells her he is taking it to Santa's workshop to repair a defective light. On Christmas morning, the Whos discover the theft, Maywho reproaches Cindy Lou for letting this happen to Whoville, her father, Lou Lou Who, the most happiest Who in Whoville, the town's postmaster, defends her honor for reminding the Whos that Christmas is about love of family and friends, not just gifts.
The people start singing Seuss's Welcome Christmas. Before the Grinch can push the stolen gifts off the top of Mount Crumpit, he hears the Whos' singing and sees he has failed to prevent Christmas, has an epiphany that Christmas "doesn't come from a store", but "perhaps... means a little bit more". His heart grows three sizes, as the sleigh full of gifts begins to slide over the edge of the cliff, he strains to save them, but cannot, he sees Cindy Lou on top of the sleigh because she has come to spend Christmas with him. Motivated to save not just gifts but Cindy's life, the Grinch finds the strength to lift the loaded sleigh and Cindy Lou to safety, they ride the sleigh down the mountain to return the gifts. The Grinch confesses to the burglary and surrenders himself to the police chief; the chief accepts the Grinch's apology, refuses to follow t
Jaime Elizabeth Pressly is an American actress and model. She is best known for playing Joy Turner on the NBC sitcom My Name Is Earl, for which she was nominated for two Emmy Awards as well as a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award, she has appeared in films such as Poison Ivy: The New Seduction, Joe Dirt, DOA: Dead or Alive, I Love You, Man. She portrays Jill in the television series Mom. Pressly was born in Kinston, North Carolina, the daughter of Brenda Sue, a dance instructor, James Liston Pressly, a car salesman, she was raised in a Christian family. In 1992, she moved with her family to Costa Mesa, where she spent the first semester of her high school sophomore year, she spent her childhood and early teenage years training as a gymnast, which led her to modeling jobs. At age 14, Pressly appeared on her first cover, Teen Magazine, became the official spokesmodel for the International Cover Model Search. At 15, she went to Japan on a modeling contract, she succeeded in having herself emancipated from her parents at the age of 15 so she could travel to Japan, as neither of her parents could make the trip.
Pressly starred as Violet in the 1997 film Poison Ivy: The New Seduction. In 1998 she starred as Nikki on the short-lived TV series Push, played a recurring role as the undead assassin Mika in the TV action series Mortal Kombat: Conquest. From 1999-2001, she played "Audrey" on the drama series Jill. Pressly starred in the independent film Poor White Trash, playing scheming gold-digger Sandy Lake. Pressly appeared in a number of films in 2001, including Not Another Teen Movie and Torque, as a crazed, motorcycle-riding criminal. In 2001, she was made the new spokesmodel for its fragrance Lucky You. In 2002, she was ranked #8 in Stuff magazine's "102 Sexiest Women in the World". In 2003, she launched a lingerie line, J'Aime, which became a full sleepwear and ready-to-wear line. In 2006, Maxim magazine named her #34 on its annual list. Pressly posed nude for the March 1998 and February 2004 issues of Playboy, she appeared nude in the May 2006 issue of Allure. Pressly guest-starred in episodes of several TV shows.
In an episode of the WB series Charmed, she played a mermaid trying to find love. She appeared in an episode of the prank series Punk'd. In 2005, Pressly was cast in the NBC sitcom. In 2007, she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on the show. Pressly sang "Fever" in an appearance with the band The Pussycat Dolls, she has appeared in a number of music videos, including "The Space Between" by Dave Matthews Band, "Girls of Summer" by Aerosmith, the Marilyn Manson cover of "Tainted Love". On May 31, 2006, she hosted the first annual VH1 Rock Honors. Pressly was a producer, as well as a star, in the 2005 movie Death to the Supermodels, she hosted the October 2006, episode of Saturday Night Live. She guest-starred on an episode of MADtv, playing Hillary Clinton in a parody of My Name Is Earl, "My Name Is Dubya", in which George W. Bush makes a list of all the bad things he has done in the past and rectifies them one by one. On December 3, 2009, it was announced that she would guest-star on an upcoming episode of the CBS comedy, Rules of Engagement.
She would play a possible surrogate mother for Audrey. She reprised her role in the fifth-season premiere, she appeared in the Fox sitcom I Hate My Teenage Daughter, which aired from November 30, 2011 to March 20, 2012. In July 2012, Pressly starred in Jimbo Lee's Abby in the Summer. In 2013, TV Land announced that Pressly was cast in the lead role for Jennifer Falls as Jennifer Doyle, a mother of a teenaged daughter, who must move in with Doyle's mother after being fired from a high-paying job. Doyle becomes a waitress in her brother's bar. Pressly has revealed in interviews that she struggled with bulimia as a teenager. In 1996, she met DJ Eric Calvo, started dating in 2004. After Pressly became pregnant, the two were engaged in October 2006. Pressly gave birth on May 2007, in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center to their child, Dezi James Calvo. In a February 2007 interview on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Pressly said she wanted the child to be bilingual to reflect Calvo's Cuban heritage. Pressly told People that Dezi's name is part of a running joke, as Calvo would do a Desi Arnaz impersonation, calling Pressly "Luuucy" when he came home each night.
In November 2008, the couple announced their separation. Nine months in July 2009, Pressly announced her engagement to entertainment lawyer Simran Singh, they wed on September 26, 2009, on a bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean. On January 21, 2011, Pressly filed for divorce from Singh. On January 5, 2011, two weeks before filing for divorce, Pressly was arrested in Santa Monica, California for suspicion of driving under the influence, she pleaded no contest and received three years of informal probation. Pressly said in a 2006 interview with Esquire that she purchased a ticket for a flight on one of the planes that crashed into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, but dec
Robots (2005 film)
Robots is a 2005 American computer-animated adventure comedy film produced by Blue Sky Studios and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It was directed by Chris Wedge and produced by Jerry Davis, William Joyce, John C. Donkin, stars the voices of Ewan McGregor, Robin Williams, Greg Kinnear, Halle Berry, Mel Brooks, Jim Broadbent, Amanda Bynes and Drew Carey; the film was released on March 11, 2005, grossed $260.7 million on its $75 million budget. In a world populated by sentient robots, Rodney Copperbottom is an aspiring young inventor from Rivet Town who idolizes Bigweld, an entrepreneur and philanthropist whose company provides robots with products ranging from everyday appliances to spare parts. Following Bigweld's example to "see a need, fill a need", Rodney creates Wonderbot to assist his dishwasher father Herb; when Herb's supervisor confronts them, Wonderbot panics and wreaks havoc in the kitchen, leaving Herb in debt. To help Herb pay for the damages, Rodney decides to move to Robot City, hoping to present Wonderbot to Bigweld Industries in order to get a job there.
Upon arrival at Robot City, Rodney is ejected from Bigweld Industries by his second-in-command Phineas T. Ratchet, who in Bigweld's absence has stopped producing spare parts in favor of expensive "Upgrades", thereby "outmoding" robots who are unable or refuse to pay for them. Ratchet's mother, Madame Gasket, runs the Chop Shop, a facility that collects scrap and spare parts with Sweeper trucks, melts them to create Upgrades. Rodney meets ne'er-do-well Fender Pinwheeler under less-than-friendly circumstances. Word of Rodney's mechanical prowess spreads, he is hailed as a local hero after he and the Rusties fix outmodes throughout the neighbourhood, although they are unable to cope with the demand due to the spare part shortage. Rodney receives news that Herb is in dire need of replacement parts. Hoping to enlist Bigweld's help and Fender attend the Bigweld Ball, only for Ratchet to announce that he will not attend. Enraged, Rodney publicly berates Ratchet. Cappy, a Bigweld Industries executive opposed to Ratchet's plans, rescues Fender.
Fender is captured by a Sweeper and taken to the Chop Shop, where he discovers Gasket and Ratchet's plan to use a heavily-armed fleet of Super-Sweepers to destroy all outmodes throughout the city, escapes. Meanwhile and Cappy fly to Bigweld's mansion, where Rodney confronts Bigweld, imploring him to return to Bigweld Industries. Bigweld reveals that Ratchet's greed and business sense won over his idealism in the management of Bigweld Industries, orders Rodney to leave. Rodney calls his parents, intending to return to Rivet Town; as the Rusties arrive to bid Rodney farewell, Fender reveals Ratchet's plot. They are soon joined by Bigweld; the group returns to Bigweld Industries where Bigweld fires Ratchet, but he is tricked and knocked unconscious. Rodney and the Rusties rescue Bigweld, but in a chase through the city, Ratchet lures them towards the Chop Shop, Bigweld rolls into the processing area. After creating improvised weapons and "upgrades" from scrap parts, Rodney and the Rusties confront Gasket before she can melt him down in a furnace, just as Piper and Aunt Fanny arrive with an army of outmodes.
Cappy, the Rusties and the outmodes battle Gasket's henchbots while Wonderbot duels with Gasket, destroyed when she falls into the furnace. Taking control of Bigweld Industries once again, Bigweld promises to make spare parts available to everyone. Bigweld holds a public ceremony in Rivet Town, where he nominates Rodney as his new second-in-command and eventual successor. Rodney provides Herb with new replacement parts. After a false start, Herb leads Rodney, the Rusties and the townspeople in a rousing rendition of "Get Up Offa That Thing". Developing a film version of Joyce's book Santa Calls and Joyce decided to develop an original story about a world of robots. Rivet Town was rumored to be based on Watertown, New York, but director Chris Wedge dismissed this in an interview. Robots was scheduled for a 2004 release, but the release date was changed to 2005; the film premiered on March 6, 2005 in Westwood, Los Angeles, it was released theatrically on March 11, 2005. The film was the first to feature the new trailer for Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.
The film featured the exclusive trailer for Ice Age: The Meltdown called Ice Age 2. Robots was digitally re-mastered into IMAX format and released in select IMAX theatres around the world, it was the first Twentieth Century Fox's film, released on the same day on IMAX and conventional 35mm screens. It was the first IMAX DMR film released in the Spring season, the second IMAX DMR film distributed by Fox; the film, released on DVD and VHS on September 27, 2005, was accompanied by an original short animated film based on Robots, titled Aunt Fanny's Tour of Booty. The film was released in h