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Hortus deliciarum

Hortus deliciarum is a medieval manuscript compiled by Herrad of Landsberg at the Hohenburg Abbey in Alsace, better known today as Mont Sainte-Odile. It was an illuminated encyclopedia, begun in 1167 as a pedagogical tool for young novices at the convent, it is the first encyclopedia, evidently written by a woman. It was finished in 1185, was one of the most celebrated illuminated manuscripts of the period; the majority of the work is with glosses in German. Most of the manuscript was not original, but a compendium of 12th century knowledge; the manuscript contained poems and music, drew from texts by classical and Arab writers. Interspersed with writings from other sources were poems by Herrad, addressed to the nuns all of which were set to music; the most famous portion of the manuscript are its 336 illustrations, which symbolised various themes, including theological and literary. These works are well regarded. In 1870, the manuscript was burnt and destroyed when the library housing it in Strasbourg was bombed during a siege on the city.

It is possible to reconstruct parts of the manuscript because portions of it had been copied in various sources. Hortus deliciarum is one of the first sources of polyphony originating from a convent; the manuscript contained at least 20 song texts, all of which were notated with music. Those that can be recognized now are from the conductus repertory, are note against note in texture; the notation was in semi-quadratic neumes with pairs of four-line staves. Two songs survive with music intact: Primus parens hominum, a monophonic song, a two-part work, Sol oritur occasus. William Turner. "Herrad of Landsberg". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. J. Bowers and J. Tick ed. Women Making Music: the Western Musical Tradition, 1150-1950 "'Ful weel she soong the service dyvyne': The Cloistered Musician in the Middle Ages" by Anne Bagnall Yardley. Urbana, IL. ISBN 0-252-01470-7 Rosalie Green, Michael Evans, Christine Bischoff, Michael Curschmann The Hortus Deliciarum of Herrad of Hohenbourg: A Reconstruction.

Warburg Institute/E. J. Brill Fiona J. Griffiths The Garden of Delights: Reform and Renaissance for Women in the Twelfth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Nicky Losseff. "Herrad of Landsberg", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy, grovemusic.com. Folio selections in online catalog Oberlin college 12 plates taken from the 1818 Engelhardt facsimile online at Museum of Alsace

Geoffrey Evans

Geoffrey Evans was an English serial killer who murdered two women in the Republic of Ireland with an accomplice John Shaw in 1976, one of the longest-serving prisoners in Ireland. He was known to kill one woman each week; the British police had investigated the pair in connection with three rapes committed in England in 1974, prompting the men to travel to Ireland. They planned a series of rapes, which they did by house theft, they received a two-year prison sentence for burglary. After 18 months, they were released and escaped British prosecution for the rape charges in England by failing to return to the U. K. and traveling through Ireland. In August 1976, in Wicklow, they raped and murdered Elizabeth Plunkett, 23. In September of that year, in Castlebar, they beat and murdered 24-year-old Mary Duffy. On 26 September 1976, both were detained by the Gardaí and sentenced to life imprisonment for the two murders. In December 2008, Evans suffered a stroke and fell into a coma; until June 2010 he remained in hospital care with caution, was given temporary release when doctors said he was in a vegetative state.

In April 2011 he was transferred to Dublin's St. John's Hospital, he died there on 20 May 2012 at the age of 68 or 69. According to the autopsy, the cause of death was sepsis caused by pneumonia

Washington, Nebraska

Washington is a village in Washington County, United States. The population was 150 at the 2010 census. Washington was platted in 1887 when the Fremont and Missouri Valley Railroad was extended to that point, it was named from Washington County. Washington was incorporated as a village in 1915. Washington is located at 41°23′49″N 96°12′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.21 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 150 people, 55 households, 42 families living in the village; the population density was 714.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 55 housing units at an average density of 261.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.0% White, 1.3% African American, 0.7% Native American. There were 55 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 23.6% were non-families.

20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age in the village was 43 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 126 people, 49 households, 39 families living in the village; the population density was 749.8 people per square mile. There were 51 housing units at an average density of 303.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.21% White, 0.79% from two or more races. There were 49 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.4% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $50,000, the median income for a family was $55,000. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $28,125 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,784. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line