Bidache is a town and commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department of south western France. Between 1570 and 1793 it was the centre of the sovereign Principality of Bidache. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE BIDAXUNE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Bidarray is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. From the riverside where you may practise both Rafting and Canoë, the village spreads onto the top of the hill. Discover the superb Roman bridge, the Noblia bridge which spans the Nive; the legend tells it was built by the Laminak or Sorginak in one night, that's why the people of the village used to nickname it "the Bridge of Hell". Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BIDARRAI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Ascarat is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants are known as Azkaratear. Ascarat is located in the former province of Lower Navarre in the Aldudes Valley north-west of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. Access to the commune is by the D918 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port which passes through the length of the commune on the eastern side and continues to Louhossoa; the D15 road goes north-west from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port through the southern part of the commune continuing to Irouléguy. Access to the village is by country roads - Garategana from the D15 and Learraa from the D918. There are substantial forests in the commune; the Nive river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour at Bayonne. Three streams flow into the Nive in the commune: the Nive d'Arnéguy, the Nive de Béhérobie, the Berroko erreka, the Pagolako erreka; the name Ascarat appears in the forms: Ascarat, Azcarat, Azquarat, Axcarat and Sanctus Julianus d'Ascarat.
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the name is composed of aitz and garate, giving "a height of rocks". Chubitoa was a hamlet in Ascarat and Anhaux, mentioned in 1863Jauréguy was a fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre, cited in the 1863 dictionary as was Larragoyen; the commune name in basque is Azkarate. The parish was mentioned in 1256 and was "ravaged by soldiers" in 1396. In 1391 Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry included the modern communes of Anhaux, Irouléguy, Lasse. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of nine inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. In 2010 the commune had 312 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the production zone of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Irouléguy and of the AOC zone of Ossau-iraty.
Economic activity is agricultural. There are several farms in the commune which are registered as historical monuments; these are: Uhaldea House Harizpea Farm Chateau de Vergues Houses and Farms The Church of Saint-Julien-d'Antioche is of medieval origin was rebuilt in the 18th and 19th century. Pierre Narbaitz, born in 1910 at Ascarat and died in 1984 at Cambo-les-Bains, was a historian, a basque French academic of the Basque and French languages. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AZKARATE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ascarat on Google Maps Ascarat on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Azcarat on the 1750 Cassini Map Ascarat on the INSEE website INSEE
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Béhasque-Lapiste is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BEHASKANE-LAPHIZKETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Arbouet-Sussaute is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbotiar. Arbouet-Sussaute is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 30 km south-east of Peyrehorade and 5 km north-east of Saint-Palais; the D933 road from Saint-Palais in the south-west passes north through the western part of the commune and continues to Osserain-Rivareyte. Access to the village is by the D134 road from the D29 in the north passing south through the village and the commune and continuing south to join the D11 just west of Domezain-Berraute; the intercity bus network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques has a stop on its route 865 which goes from Saint-Palais to Orthez. There is the hamlet of Sussaute to the south-east of the village. A disused line of railway passes from the north to the south-west through the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed 3 by tributaries of the Bidouze: the Ruisseau de Récalde and the Lauhirasse and its tributary the Berd.
The commune name in basque is Arboti-Zohota. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan Arboti is the spelling preserved in basque but the meaning is uncertain. If it is from the Latin, the name may signify a wooded place. For Zohota he suggests a basque origin of zozoeta meaning "Place of blackbirds"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan,New Basque Toponymy p. 66-67 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Biscay: Martin Biscay Navarrenx: Notaries of Navarrenx Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Mixe: Titles of Mixe The village of Sussaute was joined with Arbouet on 14 June 1842. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of six inter-communal structures: The Community of communes of Amikuze. In 1350 there were 11 fires in Sussaute.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with the census of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports in 1551 reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence in Arbouet of 12 fires, the second with 31. In Sussaute, the census of 1412-1413 had 7 fires while that of 1551 had 23; the census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695 counted 52 fires in Arbouet and 50 in Sussaute. In 2009 the commune had 280 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty; the Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist is registered as an historical monument.
The town has a kindergarten. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department ARBOTI-ZOHOTA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Arbouet-Sussaute on Lion1906 Arboüet and Sußaute on the 1750 Cassini Map Arbouet-Sussaute on the INSEE website INSEE
Aincille is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aintzildars; the town is part of Cize Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre. It is located 5 km southeast of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port; the commune can be accessed by the D401 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port in the northwest to the village. From the village the D118 road goes north to join the D18 highway. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the northeastern border of the commune is marked by the Laurhibar river, which flows north to join the Nive north of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. A stream flows to the Laurhibar in the north-east; the Urtchipea rises in the south of the commune and flows northwest gathering many tributaries and joins the Nive de Beherobie at Saint-Michel. The Sassitako erreka rises southwest of the village and flows northwest joining the Laurhibar east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port; the commune name in basque is Ahintzila meaning Aintzila or Aintzil-Harrieta.
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan wrote the name of the commune in the form Aïncille. He indicated that in Basque the inhabitants are referred to as Aintzildar; the following table details the origins of the commune name. Sources: Mérimée: Presentation of the Commune of Aincille on the Ministry of Culture website Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Intendance: Intendance of Pau Part of Aincille territory next to the communes of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan, Bustince-Iriberry, Çaro, Mendive, Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, Saint-Michel, was taken on 11 June 1842 to form of the commune of Estérençuby. List of Successive Mayors of Aincille The commune belongs to six intercommunal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri the AEP association of Ainhice the energy association for Pyrenees-Atlantiques the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port the joint association for the watershed of the Nive the association to support Basque culture.
The town is part of the production area of Irouléguy AOC and the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. Economic activity is agricultural. Aincille had long received saline since the 17th century and had the distinction of being a corporation with ownership of twenty-nine old houses of the town and was reunited with the royal domain in 1683. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aincille is Eastern Low Navarrese; the commune has several sites that are registered as historical monuments: Houses and Farms The Idiondoa Farmhouse The Ahadoberria Farmhouse The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Croix de Carrefour Wayside Cross A Cemetery Cross The Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist The church contains two items that are registered as historical objects: A Processional Cross A Statue: Virgin and child Church Picture Gallery Stained Glass Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINTZILLA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Aincille on Lion1906 Aincille on the 1750 Cassini Map Aincille on the INSEE website INSEE