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Hostname

In computer networking, a hostname is a label, assigned to a device connected to a computer network and, used to identify the device in various forms of electronic communication, such as the World Wide Web. Hostnames may be simple names consisting of a single word or phrase. Internet hostnames may have appended the name of a Domain Name System domain, separated from the host-specific label by a period. In the latter form, a hostname is called a domain name. If the domain name is specified, including a top-level domain of the Internet the hostname is said to be a qualified domain name. Hostnames that include DNS domains are stored in the Domain Name System together with the IP addresses of the host they represent for the purpose of mapping the hostname to an address, or the reverse process. Saturn and jupiter may be the hostnames of two devices connected to a network named example. Within example, the devices are addressed by their hostnames; the domain names of the devices are jupiter.example, respectively.

If example is registered as a second-level domain name in the Internet, e.g. as example.net, the hosts may be addressed by the qualified domain names saturn.example.net and jupiter.example.net. In the Internet, a hostname is a domain name assigned to a host computer; this is a combination of the host's local name with its parent domain's name. For example, en.wikipedia.org consists of the domain name wikipedia.org. This kind of hostname is translated into an IP address via the local hosts file, or the Domain Name System resolver, it is possible for a single host computer to have several hostnames. Any domain name can be a hostname, as long as the restrictions mentioned below are followed. So, for example, both en.wikipedia.org and wikipedia.org are hostnames because they both have IP addresses assigned to them. A hostname may be a domain name. A domain name may be a hostname if it has been assigned to an Internet host and associated with the host's IP address. Hostnames are composed of a series of labels concatenated with dots.

For example, "en.wikipedia.org" is a hostname. Each label must be from 1 to 63 characters long, the entire hostname including the delimiting dots, but not a trailing dot, has a maximum of 253 ASCII characters; the Internet standards for protocols mandate that component hostname labels may contain only the ASCII letters'a' through'z', the digits'0' through'9' and the hyphen-minus character. The original specification of hostnames in RFC 952 mandated that labels could not start with a digit or with a hyphen-minus character and could not end with a hyphen-minus. However, a subsequent specification permitted hostname labels to start with digits. No other symbols, punctuation characters, or white space are permitted. Internationalized domain names are stored in the Domain Name System as ASCII strings using Punycode transcription. While a hostname may not contain other characters, such as the underscore character, other DNS names may contain the underscore; this restriction was lifted by RFC 2181, Section 11.

Systems such as DomainKeys and service records use the underscore as a means to assure that their special character is not confused with hostnames. For example, _http._sctp.www.example.com specifies a service pointer for an SCTP-capable webserver host in the domain example.com. Notwithstanding the standard, Firefox, Internet Explorer and Safari allow underscores in hostnames, although cookies in IE do not work if any part of the hostname contains an underscore character. However, it is valid to attempt to resolve a hostname. E.g. _.example.com. This is used by RFC 7816 to reduce the amount of information, made available to intermediate DNS servers during an iterative query; the Query Name Minimisation feature is enabled by default in BIND 9.14.0. A common cause of non-compliance with this specification is that the rules are not applied everywhere when domain names are chosen and registered; the hostname en.wikipedia.org is composed of wikipedia and org. Labels such as 2600 and 3abc may be used in hostnames, but -hi-,_hi_ and *hi* are invalid.

A hostname is considered to be a qualified domain name when all labels up to and including the top-level domain name are specified. The hostname en.wikipedia.org terminates with the top-level domain org and is thus qualified. Depending on the operating system DNS software implementation, an unqualified hostname may be automatically combined with a default domain name configured into the system, in order to complete the qualified domain name; as an example, a student at MIT may be able to send mail to "joe@csail" and have it automatically qualified by the mail system to be sent to joecsail.mit.edu. General guidelines on choosing a good hostname are outlined in RFC 1178. Internationalized domain name Domain hijacking

Hryhoriy Yakhymovych

Hryhoriy Yakhymovych was the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, a leading figure in the Ukrainian National Revival, from 1860 until his death in 1863. Hryhoriy Yakhymovych was born on 16 February 1792 in Podborce, a town in the region of Galicia, a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he went to school in Lemberg, which had since been incorporated into the Austrian Empire, was ordained on 14 September 1816. During 1818-1819, he served as a parish priest at a Greek Catholic church in Vienna, while he was studying at the Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests at St. Augustine's, he would go on to earn doctorates in theology and the liberals arts from the Institute. He returned to Galicia in 1819, working as the head of the Department of Religion at the newly reopened University of Lemberg, he continued to work at the university for most of his life, was a professor of pedagogy from 1825, a professor of theology from 1837. During his tenure, he was appointed as a canon in 1835, as rector of the Lemberg Theological Seminary in 1837.

Yakhymovych was appointed as an auxiliary bishop of the Archeparchy of Lviv by Pope Gregory VI in July 1841. He was consecrated on 21 November of that year by the Metropolitan of Mykhaylo Levitsky, he was appointed bishop of the Ruthenian Catholic Eparchy of Przemyśl, Sambir and Sanok on 5 September 1848, consecrated on 25 March 1949. During the revolutions of 1848, Yakhimovich was the leader of the Supreme Ruthenian Council, which supported the Ukrainian National Revival and the pro-Austrian position of the Western Ukrainian clergy, as opposed to the Western Ukrainian Russophiles, he was consecrated as the Metropolitan of Lemberg on 23 March 1860, which made him the primate of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. He served rector of the University of Lemberg from 1860–1861, he died in Lemberg on 29 April 1863. Hryhoriy Yakhymovych was one of the leading figures of the Ukrainian National Revival in the mid 19th century, he took part in the Council of Ruthenian Scientists, advocated for use of the Ukrainian language in schools and in churches.

Yakhimovich was appointed as a deputy to the Diet of Galicia and Lodomeria, the parliament of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. In this capacity, he defended the rights of the Ukrainian population in Galicia, promoted the Ukrainian language and the preservation of the Ukrainian Cyrillic alphabet, the Byzantine Rite of mass. In reward for his service to the Austrian Empire, he was awarded the title of Baron, he was sometimes called the "Spiritual ruler of the Ukrainian state"

Narek Margaryan

Narek Margaryan is an Armenian comedian, screenwriter and TV host. Since 2007 with his friend and writer Sergey Sargsyan he wrote and performed a series of stand up comedy shows. In 2009 Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan started ArmComedy first satiric news site in Armenia giving a fresh and controversial interpretation of on current Armenian social and political developments. In 2010 ArmComedy won ArmNet Award for Armenian website with best content. Same year Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan start producing satiric news show series for the Internet under the title 3D Update. After 19 episodes, the show was rebooted as NewsՀաբ and ran on CivilNet Internet television channel for 42 episodes. In March 2012 the show moved to ArmNews TV channel and in 2015 on ATV where it runs under a new title ArmComedy, it is the first show in Armenia to start as a web series and make a transition from web to network television. Narek Margaryan holds a PhD in English and was a professor at Yerevan State Linguistic University after V. Brusov for 2 years.

In 2011 after satiric sketch about the University appeared on Youtube he was fired, despite of protests by students. Ex-rector Suren Zolyan organized mass viewing of the sketch at a staff meeting. Margaryan returned to university. In 2013 Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan wrote screenplay for The Knight's Move, their first feature movie. In that road movie comedy a fictional chess champion gets hold of Temur Lang's ruby and is chased by an ancient and mystical Kazakh order. In 2016 Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan wrote screenplay for Head of State, Armenia's first political feature comedy. In May 2017 Narek Margaryan and Sergey Sargsyan were on US standup tour and were invited as guests on Conan. Http://armcomedy.com – Armenian Comedy http://pomegranateexpress.wordpress.com/2009/12/05/armenian-customer-service-and-the-obizhnik/ http://www.7or.am/blog/?p=904 http://brusov.am/ http://armcomedy.com/comedy-night/ – Comedy Night https://web.archive.org/web/20140516235202/http://armnetawards.am/ – ArmNet Awards http://1in.am/arm/armenia_arts_3620.html – 1in http://panorama.am/am/economy/2010/12/04/armnet-awards/ – Panorama.

Am https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTxvd16RDr0 – Youtube – Բրյուսովի դեկանատում http://www.epress.am/2011/04/12/%C2%AB%D5%AB%D5%B6%D5%B9%D5%AB-%D5%B8%D6%82%D6%80%D5%AB%D5%B7%D5%B6%D5%A5%D6%80%D5%A8-%D5%B9%D5%A5%D5%B6-%D5%B8%D6%82%D5%B7%D5%A1%D5%B6%D5%B8%D5%9E%D6%82%D5%B4%C2%BB-%D5%A2%D6%80%D5%B5%D5%B8%D6%82.html – Epress.am http://media.am/Armcomedy-Armnews – Media.am https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL83973AEA82A73347&feature=plcp https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3204366/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1a – IMDB https://www.imdb.com/title/tt5358844/?ref_=nv_sr_2

Kiwi.com

Kiwi.com is a Czech online travel tech company founded by Oliver Dlouhý and Jozef Képesi in 2012. Through its online portal Kiwi.com provides a fare aggregator, metasearch engine and booking for airline tickets and ground transportation. Its ticket search features Kiwi.com’s "virtual interlining" concept – itineraries combined from over 750 carriers, including many that do not cooperate in online bookings. The booking service features the industry-leading Kiwi.com Guarantee, which protects customers from missed connections caused by delay, schedule change, or cancellation. Today, the company handles more than 100 million searches every day and sells an average of 33,000 seats per day. Kiwi.com employs over 2,600 people. In November 2019, the company announced its vision to become the world’s first Virtual Global Supercarrier; the online portal skypicker.com was created in 2011. The company was founded in Brno by Jozef Képesi. In 2016 the company rebranded itself as Kiwi.com. Jiří Hlavenka was one of its first investors.

In 2017, Kiwi.com acquired a stake in Jaroslav Kokolus. As of June 2019, Kiwi.com’s main shareholder is General Atlantic. Kiwi.com founders Oliver Dlouhý and Jozef Képesi remain as major shareholders and continue to run the company. Other shareholders are Touzimsky Airlines and Luboš Charčenko. Kiwi.com helps travellers get from any A to any B in the world. Its Virtual Interlining concept allows passengers to combine air and ground transportation from a range of carriers who do not cooperate with each other, in so doing facilitating billions of route combinations. In 2018 Kiwi.com launched NOMAD, a special multi-city travel search tool, Tequila, a dedicated B2B platform. Along with its headquarters in Brno, Kiwi.com has offices in Prague. The company has outsourced partners in Belgrade, Dalian, Manila and Zagreb, Pune and Indore, Miami, Beijing, Ljubljana, Bogotá; the company is presently one of the five biggest online air ticket sellers in Europe, with an annual turnover of 1.1 billion euros in 2018.

In February 2017, Kiwi.com was recognised by TMI Awards in the Treasury Management category for its innovative global payment transaction solutions. In November of the same year the company was awarded Best Metasearch Website at the Travolution Awards. In October 2017, Deloitte’s Technology Fast 50 ranked the company as a Rising Star. Oliver Dlouhý was chosen by Forbes magazine as the face of the technology sector in its ‘30 under 30 Europe’ list in January 2018. Juraj Strieženec, CFO, received the CFO Club’s Financial Director of the Year award in April 2017. In June 2018, Forbes Česko magazine recognised Kiwi.com as the Czech start-up of the year for the second year in a row. In October 2018, the company ranked 2nd in Deloitte’s Technology Fast 50. In November 2019, the company announced its major new vision to become the world’s first virtual global super-carrier and won the People’s Choice Award at Phocuswright Conference in Miami

Mozu Tombs

The Mozu Tombs are a group of megalithic tombs in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Consisting of more than 100 tombs, only less than 50% of the key-hole and rectangular tombs remain; the Daisenryo Kofun, the largest kofun in Japan, are believed to have been constructed over a period of 20 years in the mid 5th century during the Kofun Period. While it cannot be confirmed, it is accepted that the tomb was built for the late Emperor Nintoku; the Imperial Household Agency of Japan treats it as such. In 2010, the Japanese government proposed that the Daisen Kofun and the entire cluster of Mozu Tombs and Furuichi Tombs be designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 9 years on 6 July 2019, the site was approved and inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Criteria: and as the Mozu-Furuichi Kofun Group: Mounded Tombs of Ancient Japan. The Mozu Kofungun is located in Sakai, within the Osaka Prefecture, on terraced land overlooking the Osaka Bay; the Furuichi kofungun is located in nearby Fujiidera cities.

In the Japanese archipelago, there are tumuli, which are mounds of earth and stones erected over graves of the ruling class. More than 20,000 were built as monuments between the part of the 3rd century and the 6th century, it was the peak period of building such mounds. They represent a cultural tradition, an expression of "forms, design of the kofun" of the sociopolitical hierarchical order and the link, prevalent during that period between regions; this period is termed as the Kofun Period. The most prominent imperial mausolea in this cluster of tumulus are those of emperor Nintoku and emperor Richu; the kofun are found in many dimensions in varying patterns. Some are of square shape; the larger ones are keyhole-shaped. The three prominent aspects of these kofun are their massive size and being surrounded by several moats and many secondary kofun. In the Osaka Plain and Nara Basin, which were the cultural centre of the Kofun Period, the rounded keyhole-shaped tombs were built extending to large lengths, out of which the Mozu-Furuichi Kofunguns are the most prominent.

These are in two kofun groups which are dated to the part of 4th and early part of 6th centuries. These kofun are of the largest dimensions in the country; the Nintoku-tennō-ryō Kofun, is one grave mound, a 486 metres long tumulus enclosed by a moat and a fortification, 840 metres in length. This cluster has the Richū-tennō-ryō Kofun, made of a tumulus of 360 metres length and said to be the third largest in the country. Another group of mounds, located about 10 kilometres away from the Mozu cluster is known as the Furuichi cluster, it has the Ōjin-tennō-ryō Kofun of 425 metres length, said to be the second largest in the country. This group has 11 more huge massive rounded "keyhole-shaped kofun" with mound length of 200 metres or more. A feature of these funerary mounds is that they contain – along with the buried people – items made of iron, weapons worn by individuals including arrowheads, swords and spade tips, many other similar items. Found in the mounds are antiquities made of gilded bronze such as horse tacks and sash buckles.

The Daisen Kofun mound is 500 metres long and 300 metres across at its widest point, while the entire tomb area is 840m long. Enclosed by three moats, the mound rises 35m above the surrounding terrain; the inner moat is the widest of the moats at 60 metres. The mound is 100,000 square metres in area, the entire tomb is 460,000 square metres. Today, the tomb is off-limits and protected by the Imperial Household Agency in the centre of Sakai City; the moats provide a sanctuary for fish and waterbirds. The mound itself is overgrown by vegetation. A viewing platform from the second moat is accessible at the south side of the site; the viewing platform is 500m away from Mozu Station on the Hanwa Line and is directly across the street from the Sakai City Museum. This museum provides visitors with more information about its history. Takamatsuzuka Tomb List of Special Historic Sites List of National Treasures of Japan Buried Cultural Properties World Heritage Sites in Japan Fawcett, Clare P.. A study of the socio-political context of Japanese archaeology.

McGill University, Montréal. Entry on UNESCO World Heritage tentative list Mozu Kofun database Decorated Kofun Database

D. K. Taknet

Dr. DK Taknet is a well-known business historian and a writer with a brilliant academic career, awarded the doctorate on his published work, appreciated by several luminaries, he has written rare and award-winning pictorial books which have been best sellers. Dr. Taknet is best known for books on business history and Marwaris. Dr. DK Taknet was born in Shekhawati, Rajasthan on 11 April 1958 and was educated in Pilani and Paris, he was outstanding in his academic career and a gold medalist for securing first rank in M. Phil from Department of Business Administration, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur. Dr. Taknet is writer, he has undertaken many research studies and been awarded scholarships and fellowships by premier institutions like the University Grants Commission, Indian Council of Social Sciences Research, New Delhi, others. He is the author of a number of books which have been reviewed and serialised in daily newspapers. In addition, he writes extensively for the international print media. An avid traveller, he has participated in international seminars and conferences, is associated with several distinguished professional and social organisations throughout the world.

Recipient of the President's Award for the social service, he is working on several research projects of national importance. Dr. Taknet started his career as a Research Scholar of University Grants Commission, New Delhi, taught as Senior Associate Professor in Department of Business Administration, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, he is the author of various rare and comprehensive coffee table books like Industrial Entrepreneurship of Shekhawati Marwaris, Marwari Samaj, Marwari Samaj Aur Braj Mohan Birla, BM Birla A Great Visionary, The Heritage of the Indian Tea, Jaipur: Gem of India', The Marwari Heritage, The Colours of Rajasthan and An Illustrated History of Indian Business. These books written both in Hindi and English language, have been reviewed and serialised in daily newspapers and several editions were published, he has a rich experience of thirty years, both in teaching. Due to the empirical richness and immense credibility of his research findings, several government and private organisations of the country have invited him to conduct studies and gain from its tremendous expertise in research methods and impeccable fact-finding.

He has made business documentaries on many industrialists and Indian business houses and recorded more than a thousand interviews with eminent corporates and top executives of the country and abroad. In addition, he wrote extensively for the international print media. Being a business historian, Dr. Taknet enjoys good rapport with Indian corporates, he has served in an honorary capacity at several senior managerial positions and assisted the Government of Rajasthan in organising conferences on non-resident Indians and Rajasthanis. His efforts have been appreciated by the Government authorities in organising International Rajasthani Conclave 2000 in India. An avid traveller, he has participated in international seminars and conferences and is associated with several distinguished professional and social organisations. Most of his publications were published by IIME, India, a Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation of Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, he is engaged in several research projects of national importance such as The Diamond: A Divine Gift of Nature.

Editions 1986, 1987, 2000, 2010: Industrial Entrepreneurship of Shekhawati Marwaris Editions 1989, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010: Marwari Samaj. Life Membership of academic and cultural bodies:Indian Management Association, New Delhi Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi International Institute of Management and Entrepreneurship, Jaipur Indian Economic Association, Kolkata Indian Commerce Association, New Delhi International Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata The Journal of Commerce, New Delhi Youth H