SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Trudy McCaffery

Trudy V. McCaffery was a Thoroughbred racehorse owner-breeder in California who served on the board of directors of the Edwin J. Gregson Foundation, the NTRA Charities, the California Thoroughbred Breeders Association, the Oak Tree Racing Association, the Thoroughbred Owners of California, she was a trustee with the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association. Born Trudy Hanson in Winnipeg, Canada, she was the daughter of Minnesota-born Canadian Football Hall of Fame inductee Melvin "Fritz" Hanson and his wife, Maxine; as a young girl growing up in Calgary, she became an accomplished equestrian. As an adult, in addition to participating in the sport of horse racing, she was an avid golfer. While living in Rancho Santa Fe, California, in 1989 she began a racing partnership with Canadian-born John Toffan, it became one of California's top racing and breeding operations, in 1997 the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association named them "Owners of the Year". They bred Round Pond, their top runners included: Mane Minister – Won Santa Catalina Stakes and finished third in all three of the U.

S. Triple Crown races. Retired with earnings of $2,498,370. Won Prix de Conde in France and three Grade I races in California. Career earnings of $1,261,009. In 2002 won the San Bernardino Handicap. Career earnings of $1,835,940. In addition to her involvement with various California horse racing associations, in 1999 McCaffery founded "Kids to the Cup", a non-profit organization dedicated to developing young racing fans, she was a member of the board of directors of the Edwin J. Gregson Foundation, which raises money to help racetrack backstretch employees, the board of the National Thoroughbred Racing Association Charities. For her contributions to the Thoroughbred racing industry, she was awarded the 2002 National Thoroughbred Racing Association Commissioners Cup and the 2004 Clay Puett Award by the Racetrack Industry Program. Sixty-two-year-old McCaffery died at her home on February 12, 2007, following a lengthy battle with lung cancer. Trudy McCaffery and John Toffan at the NTRA Thoroughbred Times article titled California mainstay Trudy McCaffery dies at 62

Gian Carlo Wick

Gian Carlo Wick was an Italian theoretical physicist who made important contributions to quantum field theory. The Wick rotation, Wick contraction, Wick's theorem, the Wick product are named after him. Gian Carlo Wick, first name "Gian Carlo", was born in Turin, Italy in 1909. Wick's father was a chemical engineer, his mother, Barbara Allason, was a well-known Italian writer and anti-fascist, his paternal grandfather had emigrated from Switzerland to his grandmother from Austria. In 1930 Wick received his doctoral degree in Turin under G. Wataghin with a thesis on the electronic theory of metals, he went to Göttingen and Leipzig to further his study of physics. One of the professors he got to know there was Werner Heisenberg. Heisenberg liked the young Italian theoretician - they shared a common interest in classic music - and treated him with an affection that Wick never forgot. Once a week, Heisenberg had invited Wick and other students to his home for spirited evenings of talk and Ping-Pong.

Wick became Enrico Fermi's assistant in Rome in 1932. In 1937 he became professor of theoretical physics in Palermo in Padua, before, in 1940, he returned to Rome and became chair of theoretical physics. In 1946 he followed Fermi to the United States, first to the University of Notre Dame to Berkeley. Wick refused a required oath during the McCarthy era, so he left Berkeley and went to the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh in 1951, he remained there until 1957, interrupted by stays at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and at CERN in Geneva. In 1957 he became chief of the theory department at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In 1965 he became a tenured professor at Columbia University in New York City, where he collaborated with Tsung-Dao Lee. In 1967 he received the Dannie Heineman Prize. In 1968 he received the first Ettore Majorana Prize, he was a member of the United States National Academy of the Accademia dei Lincei. Wick was an avid mountain climber, he had two sons.

As a member of Fermi's group in Rome, Wick calculated the magnetic moment of the hydrogen molecule with group-theoretical methods. He extended Fermi's theory of beta decay to positron emission and K-capture, explained the relationship between the range of a force and the mass of its force carrier particle, he worked on slowing down of neutrons in matter, joined a group of Italian physicists led by Gilberto Bernardini which made the first measurement of the lifetime of the muon. While in the United States, Wick made fundamental contributions to quantum field theory, such as the Wick theorem in 1950, which showed how to express calculations in quantum field theory in terms of normally-ordered products and thus derive Feynman rules, he introduced the Wick rotation, in which computations are analytically continued from Minkowski space to four-dimensional Euclidean space using a coordinate change to imaginary time He developed the helicity formulation for collisions between particles with arbitrary spin, worked with Geoffrey Chew on the impulse approximation, worked on meson theory, symmetry principles in physics, the vacuum structure of quantum field theory.

Über die Wechselwirkung zwischen Neutronen und Protonen, Zeitschrift für Physik 84, #11–12, pp. 799–800, doi:10.1007/BF01330504. The Evaluation of the Collision Matrix, Physical Review 80, pp. 268–272, doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.268. Properties of Bethe-Salpeter Wave Functions, Physical Review 96, pp. 1124–1134, doi:10.1103/PhysRev.96.1124 Introduction to Some Recent Work in Meson Theory, Reviews of Modern Physics 27, pp. 339–362, doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.27.339. On the general theory of collisions for particles with spin, Annals of Physics 7, #4, pp. 404–428, doi:10.1016/0003-491690051-X. Superselection Rule for Charge, Physical Review D 1, pp. 3267–3269, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.1.3267. Vacuum stability and vacuum excitation in a spin-0 field theory, Physical Review D 9, pp. 2291–2316, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.9.2291