Bob Dylan is an American singer-songwriter and visual artist, a major figure in popular culture for six decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" became anthems for the Civil Rights Movement and anti-war movement, his lyrics during this period incorporated a wide range of political, social and literary influences, defied pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture. Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which comprised traditional folk songs, Dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan the following year; the album featured "Blowin' in the Wind" and the thematically complex "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall". For many of these songs he adapted the tunes and sometimes phraseology of older folk songs, he went on to release the politically charged The Times They Are a-Changin' and the more lyrically abstract and introspective Another Side of Bob Dylan in 1964.
In 1965 and 1966, Dylan encountered controversy when he adopted electrically amplified rock instrumentation, in the space of 15 months recorded three of the most important and influential rock albums of the 1960s: Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. The six-minute single. In July 1966, Dylan withdrew from touring after being injured in a motorcycle accident. During this period he recorded a large body of songs with members of the Band, who had backed him on tour; these recordings were released as the collaborative album The Basement Tapes, in 1975. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dylan explored country music and rural themes in John Wesley Harding, Nashville Skyline, New Morning. In 1975, he released Blood on the Tracks. In the late 1970s, he became a born-again Christian and released a series of albums of contemporary gospel music before returning to his more familiar rock-based idiom in the early 1980s; the major works of his career include Time Out of Mind, "Love and Theft", Tempest.
His most recent recordings have comprised versions of traditional American standards songs recorded by Frank Sinatra. Backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed "the Never Ending Tour". Since 1994, Dylan has published eight books of drawings and paintings, his work has been exhibited in major art galleries, he has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has received numerous awards including ten Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame; the Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power". In 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 2016, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition".
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman in St. Mary's Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior, he has David. Dylan's paternal grandparents and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the Russian Empire, to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905, his maternal grandparents and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. In his autobiography, Chronicles: Volume One, Dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from the Kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey. Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community, they lived in Duluth until Dylan was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, where they lived for the rest of Dylan's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport and when he was a teenager, to rock and roll.
Dylan formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the Golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by Elvis Presley, their performance of Danny & the Juniors' "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone. On January 31, 1959, three days before his death, Buddy Holly performed at the Duluth Armory. Zimmerman, 17, was in the audience. Something I didn't know what, and it gave me the chills."In 1959, Dylan's high school yearbook carried the caption "Robert Zimmerman: to join'Little Richard'." That year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, clapping. In September 1959, Zimmerman enrolled at the University of Minnesota, his focus on rock and roll gave way to American folk music. In 1985, he said: The thing about rock'n'roll is that for me anyway it wasn't enough... There were great catch-phrases and driving pulse rhythms... but the songs weren't serious or didn't reflect li
Planet Waves is the 14th studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on January 17, 1974 by Asylum Records in the United States and Island Records in the United Kingdom. Dylan is supported on the album by longtime collaborators the Band, with whom he embarked on a major reunion tour following its release. With a successful tour and a host of publicity, Planet Waves was a hit, enjoying a brief stay at No. 1 on the U. S. Billboard charts—a first for the artist—and No. 7 in the UK. Critics were not as negative as they had been with some then-recent Bob Dylan albums, but still not enthusiastic for the album's brand of laid-back roots rock; the album was set to be titled Ceremonies of the Horsemen, a reference to the song "Love Minus Zero/No Limit", from the 1965 album Bringing It All Back Home. Another, working title was Wedding Song; the cover art is drawn by Dylan himself. Written on the right side of the cover image is the phrase "Cast-iron songs & torch ballads" signaling Dylan's own conception of the album.
On the left side is written "Moonglow", sometimes interpreted as a subtitle. The original back artwork for the album is handwritten, with a long, rambling essay on the left-hand side. In the center, the performers' names are listed, though Richard Manuel's surname is misspelled "Manual"; the initial release included an insert, which set out excerpts from Dylan's personal journals. In the summer of 1973, Robbie Robertson, lead guitarist of the Band, relocated to Malibu, not far from Dylan's residence. According to Robertson, the idea of collaborating with Dylan evolved from a conversation that took place sometime after July 28, when the Band played to hundreds of thousands of people at Summer Jam at Watkins Glen in upstate New York. After much discussion about that experience, the idea of touring again "seemed to make sense," says Robertson. "It was a good idea, a kind of step into the past... The other guys in the Band came out and we went right to work." Dylan had not toured since 1966. In the interim, he had played with the Band on a number of occasions, most a New Year's concert in 1971/1972, warmly received by the audience.
When Dylan joined the Band for a test run at Robertson's home in September 1973, he was satisfied by the results, enough to proceed with touring plans. "We sat down and played for four hours and ran over an incredible number of tunes", recalls Robertson. "Bob would ask us to play certain tunes of ours, we would do the same we'd think of some that we would like to do." Dylan left for New York in October to compose new material for album sessions scheduled in November. He had three songs which he had demoed in June, when he returned to Malibu after twenty days in New York, he had six more. On Friday, November 2, Dylan and the Band held a session at Village Recorder Studio A in Los Angeles, California. Engineer Rob Fraboni recalls the proceedings as relaxed and informal, an opportunity "to get set up and to get a feel for the studio." Drummer Levon Helm was not present, as he was still in transit, on his way to Los Angeles from the East Coast. The session was devoted to all three songs demoed in June, Dylan and the Band succeeded in recording complete takes of "Forever Young" and "Nobody'Cept You" as well as the master take for "Never Say Goodbye".
When Dylan and the Band reconvened at Village Recorder the following Monday, November 5, with Levon Helm now present, they made another attempt at "Nobody'Cept You". Robertson abandoned the wah-wah pedal used during the November 2 session, a satisfactory take was completed and marked for possible inclusion. Master takes for "You Angel You" and "Going, Gone" were completed. "Forever Young" occupied a portion of the Monday session, but the results were not to Dylan's satisfaction. He returned to it for three more sessions. On the next day, November 6, Dylan and the Band recorded master takes for three more songs: "Hazel", "Something There Is About You" and "Tough Mama", they reconvened two days on November 8, performing three takes of "Going, Gone" before recording "On A Night Like This". Attempts at the former would not replace the master take from the 5th, but a master take of the latter was recorded; the session would end with "Forever Young". After several false starts and the Band executed what would be one of two master takes for "Forever Young".
However, Dylan nearly rejected the performance after hearing some disparaging criticism from one particular visitor. "We only did one take of the slow version of'Forever Young,'" recalls Fraboni. "This take was so riveting, it was so powerful, so immediate. When everyone came in nobody said anything. I rewound the tape and played it back and everybody listened to it from beginning to end and when it was over everybody sort of just wandered out of the room. There was no outward discussion. Everybody just left. There was just and I sitting there. I was so overwhelmed I said,'Let's go for a walk.' We went for a walk and came back and I said,'Let's go listen to that again.' We were like one minute or two into it, I was so mesmerized by it again I didn't notice that Bob had come into the room... So when we were assembling the master re
William Emanuel Cobham Jr. is a Panamanian-American jazz drummer who came to prominence in the late 1960s and early 1970s with trumpeter Miles Davis and with the Mahavishnu Orchestra. According to AllMusic's reviewer, Cobham is "generally acclaimed as fusion's greatest drummer", he was inducted into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1987 and the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2013. Born in Colón, Cobham moved with his family to Brooklyn, New York, when he was three, his father played piano on weekends. Cobham joined his father four years later; when he was fourteen, he got his first drum kit as a gift after being accepted to The High School of Music & Art in New York City. He was drafted in 1965, for the next three years he played with a U. S. Army band. After his discharge, he became a member of Horace Silver's quintet, he played an early model electric drum kit given to him by Tama Drums. He was a house drummer for Atlantic Records and a session musician for CTI and Kudu, appearing on the albums White Rabbit by George Benson, Sunflower by Milt Jackson, Soul Box by Grover Washington Jr.
Cobham started the jazz rock group Dreams with Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, John Abercrombie. He moved further into jazz fusion when he toured with Miles Davis and recorded Davis's albums Bitches Brew and A Tribute to Jack Johnson. In 1971, he and guitarist John McLaughlin left Davis to start the Mahavishnu Orchestra, another group that fused rock and jazz. Cobham toured extensively from 1971 to 1973 with the Mahavishnu Orchestra, which released two studio albums, The Inner Mounting Flame and Birds of Fire, one live album, Between Nothingness & Eternity; the studio versions of songs on the live album were released on The Lost Trident Sessions. Cobham's debut album, surprised him and his record company when it reached No. 1 on the Billboard magazine Jazz Albums chart and No. 26 on the Top 200 Albums chart. In 1980, he worked with Jack Bruce in Jack Bruce & Friends. On October 30, 1980, he joined the Grateful Dead during the band's concert at Radio City Music Hall, he performed a long drum solo session with the band's two percussionists, Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart known as the Rhythm Devils.
In 1981, Billy Cobham's Glass Menagerie was formed with Michał Urbaniak on violin and EWI, Gil Goldstein on piano, Tim Landers on bass, Mike Stern on guitar. Dean Brown replaced Stern. Glass Menagerie released two albums for Elektra Musician. In 1984, he played in the band Bobby and the Midnites, a side project for Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead, with Bobby Cochran and Kenny Gradney, recorded the album Where the Beat Meets the Street. In 1994, he joined an all-star cast Greek Theatre in Los Angeles and the results appeared on the album Stanley Clarke, Larry Carlton, Billy Cobham and Deron Johnson Live at the Greek; the concert was predominantly Clarke's music. In 2006, Cobham released Drum'n' Voice 2, a return to the 1970s jazz-funk sound, with guests including Brian Auger, Guy Barker, Jeff Berlin, Frank Gambale, Jan Hammer, Mike Lindup, Buddy Miles, Dominic Miller, Airto Moreira, John Patitucci, the band Novecento; the album was arranged by Pino and Lino Nicolosi for Nicolosi Productions. In 2009, he released Drum'n Voice 3.
Guests included Alex Acuña, Brian Auger, George Duke, Chaka Khan, Bob Mintzer, John Scofield, Gino Vannelli. In December 2011, Cobham began teaching drums online at the Billy Cobham School of Drums, a school in the ArtistWorks Drum Academy. Cobham moved to Switzerland in 1985. Many musicians have cited Cobham as an influence, including Kenny Aronoff, Steve Arrington, Ranjit Barot, Danny Carey, Jimmy Chamberlin, Dennis Chambers, Brann Dailor, Matt Garstka, Chris Hornbrook, Thomas Lang, Mac McNeilly, OM, Chris Pennie Mike Portnoy, Thomas Pridgen, Bill Stevenson, Jon Theodore, Tony Thompson. In addition, other musicians have been quoted expressing admiration for his work, including Steven Wilson, Dave Bainbridge. 1973 – Spectrum 1974 – Crosswinds 1974 – Total Eclipse 1975 – Shabazz 1975 – A Funky Thide of Sings 1976 – Life & Times 1976 – Billy Cobham / George Duke: Live on Tour in Europe 1977 – Magic 1978 – Inner Conflicts 1978 – Simplicity of Expression: Depth of Thought 1979 – BC 1980 – Flight Time 1981 – Stratus 1982 – Observations & Reflections 1983 – Smokin' 1985 – Warning 1986 – Powerplay 1987 – Picture This 1992 – By Design 1994 – The Traveler 1996 – Nordic 1998 – Focused 1999 – Off Color 2000 – North by Northwest 2001 – Drum & Voice 1Nicolosi Productions 2002 – Culture Mix 2003 – The Art of Three 2006 – Art of Four 2006 – Drum & Voice - Vol.2.
2007 – Fruit from the Loom 2008 – De Cuba y Panama 2009 – Drum & Voice - Vol.3 2010 – Palindrome 2014 – Tales From The Skeleton Coast 2015 – Spectrum 40 Live 2016 – Drum & Voice - Vol.4 2017 – Red Baron Official site Billy Cobham page at Drummerworld.com
For the concept "playing possum", see Apparent death. Playing Possum is singer-songwriter Carly Simon's fifth studio album, released in April 1975, it was Simon's third consecutive album to reach the Top 10 on the Billboard Pop albums chart, peaking at No. 10 in June 1975. The lead single from the album, "Attitude Dancing", which featured Carole King on backing vocals, was a success, peaking at No. 21 on Billboard Pop singles chart, No. 18 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart. A second single, "Waterfall," which featured prominent backing vocals by Simon's then-husband James Taylor, didn't fare as well, reaching no higher than No. 78 on the Pop singles chart. It fared much better on the AC chart, entering the Top 40 and peaking at No. 21. The album's third and final single "More and More" was co-written by New Orleans pianist Dr. John, who played piano on the track, along with Ringo Starr on drums, but it peaked no higher than No.94 on the Pop singles chart. Today, Playing Possum may best be remembered for its controversial cover photograph, which shows the singer wearing only a black negligee, sheer-to-waist pantyhose, knee-high black boots.
The photographer was Norman Seeff. It was nominated for Best Album Package at the 18th Annual Grammy Awards in Feb. 1976. In 1991, it ranked at #20 on the Rolling Stone's list of the 100 greatest album covers. Simon chose to include further photographs from the session in the booklets accompanying her three-CD boxed set, Clouds in My Coffee, her two-CD collection, Anthology; the singles "Attitude Dancing" and "Waterfall" were included on the Anthology set as well. 18th Annual Grammy Awards All tracks composed by Carly Simon. Second Engineer – Charles Beasley Assistant Engineers – Larry Emerine and Reed Stanley Remixing – Norm Kinney and Bill Schnee Mastered by Doug Sax at The Mastering Lab. Art Direction – Glen Christensen Design and Photography – Norman Seeff Management – Arlyne Rothberg, Inc. Album - Billboard Album - International Singles - Billboard Carly Simon's Official Website
Roberta Joan "Joni" Mitchell, CC is a Canadian singer-songwriter. Drawing from folk, pop and jazz, Mitchell's songs reflect social and environmental ideals as well as her feelings about romance, confusion and joy, she has received many accolades, including nine Grammy Awards. Rolling Stone called her "one of the greatest songwriters ever", AllMusic has stated, "When the dust settles, Joni Mitchell may stand as the most important and influential female recording artist of the late 20th century". Mitchell began singing in small nightclubs in her hometown of Saskatoon and throughout western Canada, before busking in the streets and nightclubs of Toronto, Ontario. In 1965, she began touring; some of her original songs were covered by other folk singers, allowing her to sign with Reprise Records and record her debut album, Song to a Seagull, in 1968. Settling in Southern California, with popular songs like "Big Yellow Taxi" and "Woodstock", helped define an era and a generation, her 1971 album Blue is cited as one of the best albums of all time.
In 2000, The New York Times chose Blue as one of the 25 albums that represented "turning points and pinnacles in 20th-century popular music". In 2017, NPR ranked Blue Number 1 on a list of Greatest Albums Made By Women. Mitchell's fifth album, For the Roses, was released in 1972, she switched labels and began exploring more jazz-influenced melodic ideas, by way of lush pop textures, on 1974's Court and Spark, which featured the radio hits "Help Me" and "Free Man in Paris" and became her best-selling album. Around 1975, Mitchell's vocal range began to shift from mezzo-soprano to more of a wide-ranging contralto, her distinctive piano and open-tuned guitar compositions grew more harmonically and rhythmically complex as she explored jazz, melding it with influences of rock and roll, R&B, classical music and non-western beats. In the late 1970s, she began working with noted jazz musicians, among them Jaco Pastorius, Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Pat Metheny, as well as Charles Mingus, who asked her to collaborate on his final recordings.
She turned again toward pop, embraced electronic music, engaged in political protest. In 2002, she was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 44th Annual Grammy Awards. Mitchell is the sole producer credited on most including all her work in the 1970s. A blunt critic of the music industry, she quit touring and released her 17th, last, album of original songs in 2007. With roots in visual art, Mitchell has designed most of her own album covers, she describes herself as a "painter derailed by circumstance". Mitchell was born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943, in Fort Macleod, Canada, the daughter of Myrtle Marguerite and William Andrew Anderson, her mother's ancestors were Irish. Her mother was a teacher while her father was a Royal Canadian Air Force flight lieutenant who instructed new pilots at RCAF Station Fort Macleod, she moved with her parents to various bases in western Canada. After the war she settled with her family in Saskatchewan, she sang about her small-town upbringing in several of her songs, including "Song for Sharon".
At school Mitchell struggled. During this time she studied classical piano. At age nine, Mitchell contracted polio in an epidemic, was hospitalised for weeks. Following this incident she focused on her creative talent, considered a singing or dancing career for the first time. By nine, she was a smoker. At 11, she moved with her family to the city of Saskatoon, she responded badly to formal education. One unconventional teacher did manage to make an impact on her, stimulating her to write poetry, her first album includes a dedication to him. In Grade 12, she dropped out and hung out downtown with a rowdy set until deciding that she was getting too close to the criminal world. At this time, country music began to eclipse rock, Mitchell wanted to play the guitar; as her mother disapproved of its hillbilly associations, she settled for the ukulele. She taught herself guitar from a Pete Seeger songbook; the polio had weakened her left hand, so she devised alternative tunings to compensate. Mitchell started singing with her friends at bonfires around Waskesiu Lake, northwest of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan.
Her first paid performance was on October 31, 1962, at a Saskatoon club that featured folk and jazz performers. At 18, she widened her repertoire to include her own favorite performers like Édith Piaf and Miles Davis. Though she never performed jazz herself in those days and her friends sought out gigs by jazz musicians. Mitchell said, "My jazz background began with one of the early Lambert and Ross albums." That album, The Hottest New Group in Jazz, was hard to find in Canada, she says. "So I bought it at a bootleg price. I considered. I learned every song off of it, I don't think there is another album anywhere—including my own—on which I know every note and word of every song."But art was still her chief passion at this stage, when she finished high school at
John Paul "Bucky" Pizzarelli is an American jazz guitarist. He is the father of jazz guitarist John Pizzarelli and double bassist Martin Pizzarelli, he worked for NBC as a staffman for Dick ABC with Bobby Rosengarden in. The list of musicians he has collaborated with includes Benny Goodman, Les Paul, Stéphane Grappelli. Pizzarelli cites as influences Django Reinhardt, Freddie Green, George Van Eps. Pizzarelli was born January 1926 in Paterson, New Jersey, he learned to play banjo at a young age. His uncles and Bobby Domenick, were professional musicians, sometimes the extended family would gather at one of their homes with their guitars for jam sessions. Pizzarelli cites as an inspiration Joe Mooney, a blind accordion player who led a quartet that included Pizzarelli's uncle, Bobby Domenick. During high school, Pizzarelli was guitarist for a small band. Pizzarelli began his professional career at 17 when he joined the Vaughn Monroe dance band in 1944. In 1952 Pizzarelli became a staff musician for NBC.
In 1964, he became a member of The Tonight Show Band on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. During his time spent performing for the Tonight Show, he accompanied guest bands and musicians playing through a variety of musical genres, including playing with Tiny Tim on the day that Tiny Tim married Miss Vicki on Carson's show. From 1956–1957, Pizzarelli used the stage name "Johnny Buck" and performed with The Three Suns pop music trio, he toured several times with Benny Goodman until Goodman's death in 1986. During the following year, he and guitarist George Barnes formed a duo and recorded two albums, including a live performance in August, 1971, at The Town Hall in New York City. Beginning in the 1970s, he began recording as a leader, issuing many tributes to musicians of the 1930s, he performed with Benny Goodman at the White House in Washington, D. C. and he performed for presidents Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, First Lady Pat Nixon. "Jersey Jazz Guitars" was the name of a 1985 concert held at the Rutgers University Nicholas Music Center in New Brunswick, New Jersey.
The ticket featured Pizzarelli, Les Paul, Tal Farlow, Pizzarelli's son, John. The concert was aired on New Jersey's public radio station as part of their three-part New Jersey Summerfare Series. Pizzarelli and Les Paul had performed together before, as they were friends; the show aired for one hour with son John adding his vocals on two selections. His son Martin is a professional bassist who has recorded with his brother, his daughter Mary is a classical guitarist who appeared on her father's third album as leader, Green Guitar Blues, as well on as other recordings. Pizzarelli has appeared on three albums of his daughter-in-law, Jessica Molaskey. Pizzarelli's first guitar was an expensive instrument at the time, he plays a Benedetto Bucky Pizzarelli Signature seven-string guitar made by Robert Benedetto, who makes guitars for Howard Alden and Frank Vignola. He learned to play the seven-string from George Van Eps; the extra string on Pizzarelli's guitar provides him with a bass line during performances.
Pizzarelli plays a custom seven-string American archtop guitar made by luthier Dale Unger, who makes custom guitars for Pizzarelli's partner, Ed Laub. Lifetime Achievement Award, MAC Awards, 2002 Jazz Wall of Fame, ASCAP, 2005 New Jersey Hall of Fame, 2011 With Jessica Molaskey With Martin Pizzarelli Bucky Pizzarelli at AllMusic Bucky Pizzarelli at NPR Music Bucky Pizzarelli Interview for NAMM Oral History Program
Backing vocalists or backup singers are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists. In some cases, a backing vocalist may sing alone as a lead-in to the main vocalist's entry or to sing a counter-melody. Backing vocalists are used in a broad range of popular music, traditional music and world music styles. Solo artists may employ professional backing vocalists in studio recording sessions as well as during concerts. In many rock and metal bands, the musicians doing backing vocals play instruments, such as guitar, electric bass, drums, or keyboards. In Latin or Afro-Cuban groups, backing singers may play percussion instruments or shakers while singing. In some pop and hip-hop groups and in musical theater, the backing singers may be required to perform elaborately choreographed dance routines while they sing through headset microphones; the style of singing used by backing singers varies according to the type of song and the genre of music the band plays.
In pop and country songs, backing vocalists may perform vocal harmony parts to support the lead vocalist. In hardcore punk or rockabilly, other band members who play instruments may sing or shout backing vocals during the chorus section of the songs. Alternative terms for backing vocalists include backing singers, backing vocals, additional vocals or in the United States and Canada, backup singers or sometimes background singers or harmony vocalists. While some bands use performers whose sole on-stage role is performing backing vocals, it is common for backing singers to have other roles. Two notable examples of band members who sang back-up are The Beatles; the Beach Boys were well known for their close vocal harmonies with all five members singing at once such as "In My Room" and "Surfer Girl". All five members would sing lead, although most Brian Wilson or Mike Love would sing lead with guitarists Carl Wilson and Al Jardine and drummer Dennis Wilson singing background harmonies; the Beatles were known for their close style of vocal harmonies – all Beatles members sang both lead and backing vocals at some point John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who supported each other with harmonies with fellow Beatle George Harrison joining in.
Ringo Starr, while not as prominent in the role of backing singer as his three bandmates due to his distinctive voice, can be heard singing backing vocals in such tracks as "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" and "Carry That Weight". Examples of three-part harmonies by Lennon, McCartney and Harrison include "Nowhere Man", "Because", "Day Tripper", "This Boy"; the members of Crosby, Nash & Young and Bee Gees all each wrote songs and sang back-up or lead vocals and played various instruments on their albums and various collaborations with each other. Former guitarist John Frusciante and current guitarist Josh Klinghoffer of the Red Hot Chili Peppers sing nearly all backing vocals singing some parts without accompaniment from lead vocalist Anthony Kiedis; the band's bassist Flea filled in for additional vocals. Frusciante sang one song by himself during concerts. Another example is "No Frontiers" by The Corrs, sung by Sharon and Caroline. Other backing vocalists include rhythm guitarist Sebastien Lefebvre & bass guitarist David Desrosiers of pop punk band Simple Plan, guitarist John Petrucci of Dream Theater, lead guitarist Kirk Hammett & bass guitarist Robert Trujillo of Metallica, guitarists Zacky Vengeance & Synyster Gates and of heavy metal band Avenged Sevenfold.
In the recording studio, some lead singers record their own backing vocals by overdubbing with a multitrack recording system. A multitrack recording system enables the record producer to add many layers of recordings over top of each other. Using a multitrack system, a lead vocalist can record his or her own backing vocals, record the lead vocal part over top; some lead vocalists prefer this approach because the sound of their own harmonies will blend well with their main vocal. One famous example is Freddie Mercury of Queen singing the first part of "Bohemian Rhapsody" himself by overdubbing. Patrick Stump of Fall Out Boy, Tom DeLonge of Angels and Airwaves, Wednesday 13 in his own band and Murderdolls, Ian Gillan of Deep Purple, Simon Le Bon of Duran Duran and Brad Delp of Boston recorded lead and backing vocals for their albums. With the exception of a few songs on each album, Dan Fogelberg, Eddie Rabbitt, David Bowie and Richard Marx sing all of the background vocals for their songs. Robert Smith of the Cure not only sings his own backing vocals in the studio, but doesn't perform with backing vocalists when playing live.
Many metalcore and some post-hardcore bands, such as As I Lay Dying, Haste the Day and Silverstein feature a main vocalist who performs using harsh vocals, whilst the backing vocalist sings harmonies during choruses to create a contrast. Some bands, such as Hawthorne Heights and Finch have the backing singers do harsh vocals to highlight specific lyrics. Pop and R&B vocalists such as Diana Ross, Ariana Grande, Mariah Carey, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson, Beyoncé Knowles, Faith Evans, D'Angelo, Mary J. Blige and Amerie have become known for not only recording their own backing vocals, but for arranging their own multi-tracked vocals and developing complex harmonies and arrangements; when they perform live, they may have backing vocalists. Some bands use backing vocals in order to contrast with the lead singer who may be performing an unusual vocal technique. For example, Brian "Head" Welch, the lead guitarist of the band Korn, performed backin