Sinclair Centre is an upscale shopping mall in Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia. It is located at 757 West Hastings Street between Howe streets; the centre comprises four buildings that were restored and connected by a new atrium space designed by Henriquez Partners Architects and Toby Russell Buckwell Architects in 1986. The cost for this work was 38 million; the main post office was housed here from 1910 until the new one opened in 1958. The Post Office Building is in an Edwardian Baroque style, combining French influences, it features an atrium clock consisting of four 12-foot-diameter clocks built in 1909 and is the largest clock movement in Western Canada. In addition to the mall, the building has a seven floor office tower occupied by the federal government; the buildings that comprise the centre are the Post Office, the handsome and architecturally esteemed Winch Building, the Customs Examining Warehouse, the Federal Building. The mall is home to elite boutiques; the complex was renovated in 1986 and announced on November 13, 1983 that it was to be renamed after James Sinclair, member of Parliament for Vancouver North and Coast—Capilano as well as Minister of Fisheries.
Sinclair is the maternal grandfather of 23rd Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Bloody Sunday List of heritage buildings in Vancouver Official website
H. R. MacMillan Space Centre
The H. R. MacMillan Space Centre, founded 1968, is an astronomy museum in Vancouver, British Columbia, located at Vanier Park in Vancouver. Inside the building, there are live demonstrations on science in the GroundStation Canada Theatre and games in the Cosmic Courtyard, shows about astronomy in the Planetarium Star Theatre. Next to the building is the Gordon MacMillan Southam Observatory; this centre of astronomy is a popular attraction in Vancouver. The Space Centre is named for a British Columbia industrialist and philanthropist; the building was designed in the 1960s by architect Gerald Hamilton to house what was called The Centennial Museum. The planetarium was added as part of a pre-construction re-design. Outside the museum is a sculpture by George Norris called The Crab. Norris's sculpture won a 1967 design competition; the Space Centre originated as the H. R. MacMillan Planetarium until its re-branding in the 1990s when it expanded to include exhibit space into one of the wings of the building it shares with the Museum of Vancouver.
The facility was refurbished and renovated to include the Space Centre exhibit space in 1997-98 by Matsuzaki Wright Architects. Official website
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011; the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage. Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. Vancouver is named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities for five consecutive years.
Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place; the original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.. As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886.
By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, Europe. As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry. Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America, earning it the nickname "Hollywood North"; the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The family name "Vancouver" itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands.
The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", the origin of the name that became "Vancouver". Archaeological records indicate that Aboriginal people were living in the "Vancouver" area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago; the city is located in the traditional and presently unceded territories of the Squamish and Tseil-Waututh peoples of the Coast Salish group. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey and near the mouth of the Fraser River. Europeans became acquainted with the area of the future Vancouver when José María Narváez of Spain explored the coast of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet in 1791—although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579; the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew became the first-known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River as far as Point Grey.
The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, bypassing what would become Vancouver. Vancouver is among British Columbia's youngest cities. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city's long relationship with logging, it was followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of the inlet. Stamp, who had begun logging in the Port Alberni area, first attempted to run a mill at Brockton Point, but difficult currents and reefs forced the relocation of the operation in 1867 to a point near the foot of Dunlevy Street; this mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus. The mill's central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s, it remained important to the local economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew around
International Buddhist Temple
The International Buddhist Temple is located in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada. It is a Chinese Buddhist temple run by the International Buddhist Society. While the Society practices Mahayana Buddhism, the temple is open to Theravada Buddhist affiliates and visitors, as well as visitors of all religious and cultural backgrounds. In 1979, two Buddhists from Hong Kong donated land and funds to the cause of building an authentic Chinese Buddhist temple in North America; the International Buddhist Society was established in 1981 for this cause by the Venerable Guan Cheng and five other individuals. The International Buddhist Temple opened to the public after two years, when its Main Hall was completed. Thousands of people, including Richmond's mayor and Member of Parliament, attended the inauguration ceremony in 1986; the International Buddhist Society is a registered Canadian charity. It sponsors charitable programs both in Canada and abroad; some of the Society's efforts include: Donations to the Food Bank Rescuing and releasing sealife and other creatures Support for the poor and disadvantaged in rural China Aid for students and the elderlyThe Society hosts free events for the community, such as Senior's Day celebrations with free vegetarian lunches for seniors at the temple.
The Venerable Guan Cheng has been the head of the Society and the temple's Abbot since 1999. A student of Buddhism for more than 40 years, he was ordained in 1999 by the Venerable Master Xu Lang, at the Miao Fa Monastery in the US; the abbot speaks Cantonese and Mandarin, has a B. A. and M. B. A. from the University of Toronto. He was one of two delegates for Canada at the First World Buddhist Forum in China, he travels to spread Buddhist teachings and perform charity work, holds frequent lectures and classes. He hosts a radio show on AM1320 in Vancouver, Metroshowbiz FM99.7 in Hong Kong. He is a columnist for Hong Kong's Buddhist Compassion Magazine; the Venerable Guan Cheng has written and published: Happiness Originates from the Mind, How to Attain Happiness by Appeasing One's Mind, Prajna-Paramita Hirdya Sutra Commentary, A Bouquet of Incense from the Heart. The temple is the most authentic structure of traditional Chinese palatial style in North America, its design is based on the Forbidden City in China.
The International Buddhist Temple features golden tiles on its two-tiered roof, flared eaves, two scholar's courtyards. Beyond the main courtyard is the classical Chinese garden with lotus ponds, twin gazebos, rock landscapes, a stone bridge. One attraction is the flowing Wisdom Fountain at the edge of the pond. Worshipers believe that water from the Wisdom Fountain has other benefits. There is the Siddhartha Gautama Pool, in which nine white dragons spout water towards the sky, they represent the nine heavenly dragons. At the centre of the temple is the Main Gracious Hall. Beneath its Northern imperial Chinese exterior of gold and red is a Western structural frame of concrete and steel, it houses five great Bodhisattva statues. The statue of Buddha Sakyamuni is the largest in North America; the building contains a gift shop. Across from the Main Hall in the Worshiping Square is the Seven Buddha Pavilion. Within it are the Four Heavenly Kings and the Avalokitesvara Buddha, or Guan-Yin, with a thousand hands and eyes.
There are a Thousand Buddha Hall, Ksitigarbha Hall, Meditation Hall, as well as many smaller shrines on the grounds. As of 2007, the temple is still undergoing expansions. From 1986 to 1991, the Society held Karma of the Brush. All artists in the Greater Vancouver area were welcome to share their works with the public. Out of this arose the Seven Buddha Mural, painted by one of the artists and founders of the exhibition, Fung Kai Mun, it took two years to complete, is the largest Buddhist mural in the world. The wall facing the garden displays the Amitabha Buddha mural, it is engraved with the Buddha's name as a reminder of the Mahayana goal of rebirth into the Amitabha Buddha's Pure Land. The Venerable Guan Cheng has an interest in landscape. All of the flower arrangements around the temple, as well as the garden, are designed by the abbot with both Chinese tradition and Buddhist aesthetics in mind. There are bonsai, Buddhist idioms carved in stone; the entrance of the International Buddhist Temple is inspired by Deer Park, with its gentle slopes and artificial deer.
Deer Park was. There are several other Buddhist stories and historical events tied to the place; the International Buddhist Society hosts English-language meditation classes every Saturday beginning at 9 a.m. and the temple periodically hosts retreats. Venerable Guan Cheng himself conducts lectures and Dharma Talks in English and Mandarin, he discusses everything from practical applications of Buddhist wisdom to ancient scriptures in Sanskrit. Visitors may honour the Bodhisattvas by making contributions to the temple. Avalokitesvara, for example, is the embodiment of Compassion, helps individuals overcome troubles and acquire health and happiness. General Guan righteousness. Contributions to him will bring protection from harm and evil; the temple offers guided tours for groups of 15 or more. The Sangha holds special ceremonies in the Main Gracious Hall; the temple is recognized as the city of Richmond's "Point of Pride". It has won the 125t
Bentall Centre, Vancouver
The Bentall Centre is a 1.5 million square foot office complex and underground shopping mall, located in Downtown Vancouver's financial district. It is managed by Canderel; the shopping mall under the complex is known as "The Shops at Bentall Centre", includes 50 stores and a food court. The mall has a direct connection to Burrard Station of the SkyTrain network. One Bentall Centre is located at 505 Burrard Street. Completed in 1967, it stands at 86 m or 22 storeys tall. Two Bentall Centre is located at 555 Burrard Street. Completed in 1969, it stands at 70 m or 18 storeys tall. WeWork is the main tenant of this building. Three Bentall Centre is located at 595 Burrard Street. Completed in 1974, it stands at 122 m or 32 storeys tall. Bank of Montreal is the main tenant of this building. Four Bentall Centre is located at 1055 Dunsmuir Street. Completed in 1981, it stands at 138 m or 35 storeys tall, it is the 12th tallest building in the city. Deloitte is the main tenant of this building. Bentall 5 is located at 550 Burrard Street.
It stands at 146 m. The first 22 storeys were completed in September 2002 by Musson Cattell Mackey Partnership, floors 23 through 34 were completed in late 2007 by EllisDon Construction. On January 7, 1981 four carpenters were killed while constructing Bentall Four, they were preparing a platform known as a'fly form' for the last concrete pour on the roof, when it broke free. Without warning the fly form; the news of this horrific accident shocked people around the world. On February 23, 1981 the Coroner's Inquest was held in Vancouver, it would be referred to as a marathon inquest, since it went into the eighth day with 30 witnesses being called upon to testify. Anthes Equipment Ltd was the company that designed and supplied the fly forms to the contractor building the tower. Anthes Equipment Ltd of Toronto was not registered to be working in BC at the time of the accident; the equipment they supplied was non-compliant with the specifications required in BC at the time. One of the widows; the other families elected to allow the Workers Compensation Board to sue on their behalf.
On February 23, 1984. List of tallest buildings in Vancouver Bentall Centre
Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn was an Australian-born American actor during the Golden Age of Hollywood. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fairbanks, he achieved worldwide fame for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films, as well as frequent partnerships with Olivia de Havilland, he was best known for his role as Robin Hood in The Adventures of Robin Hood. His other famous roles included the eponymous lead in Captain Blood, Major Geoffrey Vickers in The Charge of the Light Brigade, as well as a number of Westerns, such as Dodge City, Santa Fe Trail and San Antonio. Errol Leslie Flynn was born on 20 June 1909 in Battery Point, a suburb of Hobart, Australia, his father, Theodore Thomson Flynn, was a lecturer and professor of biology at the University of Tasmania. His mother was born Lily Mary Young, but shortly after marrying Theodore at St John's Church of England, Sydney, on 23 January 1909, she changed her first name to Marelle. Flynn described his mother's family as "seafaring folk" and this appears to be where his lifelong interest in boats and the sea originated.
Both of his parents were Australian-born of Irish and Scottish descent. Despite Flynn's claims, the evidence indicates that he was not descended from any of the Bounty mutineers. Flynn received his early schooling in Hobart, he made one of his first appearances as a performer in 1918, aged nine, when he served as a page boy to Enid Lyons in a queen carnival. In her memoirs, Lyons recalled Flynn as "a dashing figure—a handsome boy of nine with a fearless, somewhat haughty expression showing that sang-froid for which he was to become famous throughout the civilized world", she further noted: "Unfortunately Errol at the age of nine did not yet possess that magic for extracting money from the public which so distinguished his career as an actor. Our cause gained no apparent advantage from his presence in my entourage. From 1923-25, Flynn was educated at the South West London College, a private boarding school in Barnes, London. In 1926, he returned to Australia to attend Sydney Church of England Grammar School, where he was the classmate of a future Australian prime minister, John Gorton.
His formal education ended with his expulsion from Shore for theft, although he claimed it was for a sexual encounter with the school's laundress. After being dismissed from a job as a junior clerk with a Sydney shipping company for pilfering petty cash, he went to Papua New Guinea at the age of eighteen, seeking his fortune in tobacco planting and metals mining, he spent the next five years oscillating between New Sydney. In January 1931, Flynn became engaged to Naomi Campbell-Dibbs, the youngest daughter of Robert and Emily Hamlyn Campbell-Dibbs of Temora and Bowral, New South Wales, they did not marry. Australian filmmaker Charles Chauvel was making a film about the mutiny on the Bounty, In the Wake of the Bounty, a combination of dramatic re-enactments of the mutiny and a documentary on present-day Pitcairn Island. Chauvel was looking for someone to play the role of Fletcher Christian. There are different stories. According to one, Chauvel saw his picture in an article about a yacht wreck involving Flynn.
The most popular account is. The film was not a strong success at the box office, but it was the lead role and seemed to ignite Flynn's interest in acting. In late 1933 he went to Britain to pursue a career in acting. Flynn got work as an extra in a film, I Adore You, produced by Irving Asher for Warner Bros. Flynn soon secured a job with the Northampton Repertory Company at the town's Royal Theatre, where he worked and received his training as a professional actor for seven months. Northampton is home to an art-house cinema named after the Errol Flynn Filmhouse, he performed at the 1934 Malvern Festival and in Glasgow, in London's West End. In 1934 Flynn was dismissed from Northampton Rep. after he threw a female stage manager down a stairwell. He returned to London. Asher cast him as the lead in Murder at Monte Carlo, a "quota quickie" made by Warner Brothers at their Teddington Studios in Middlesex; the movie was not seen, but Asher was enthusiastic about Flynn's performance and cabled Warner Bros. in Hollywood, recommending him for a contract.
Executives agreed, Flynn was sent out to Los Angeles. On the ship from London, Flynn met Lili Damita, an actress five years his senior whose contacts proved valuable when Flynn arrived in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. publicity described him as an "Irish leading man of the London stage."His first appearance was a small role in The Case of the Curious Bride. Flynn had one as a corpse and one in flashback, his next part was bigger, in Don't Bet on Blondes, a B-picture screwball comedy. Warner Bros. were preparing a big budget swashbuckler, Captain Blood, based on the novel by Rafael Sabatini and directed by Michael Curtiz. They intended to cast Robert Donat, but he turned down the role. Warners considered a number of other actors, including Leslie Howard and James Cagney, conducted screen tests of those they had under contract, like Flynn; the tests were impressive and Warners cast Flynn in the lead, opposite Olivia de Havilland. The resulting film was a magnificent success for both the studio and Flynn, a new Hollywood star was born.
The budget for Captain Blood w
Nat King Cole
Nathaniel Adams Coles, known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist. He recorded over one hundred songs, his trio was the model for small jazz ensembles. Cole acted in films and on television and performed on Broadway, he was the first African American man to host an American television series. Nathaniel Adams Coles was born in Montgomery, Alabama, on March 17, 1919, he had three brothers: Eddie and Freddy, a half-sister, Joyce Coles. Each of the Cole brothers pursued careers in music; when Nat King Cole was four years old, the family moved to Chicago, where his father, Edward Coles, became a Baptist minister. Cole learned to play the organ from Perlina Coles, the church organist, his first performance was "Yes! We Have No Bananas" at the age of four, he began formal lessons at 12, learning jazz and classical music on piano "from Johann Sebastian Bach to Sergei Rachmaninoff."The Cole family moved to the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago, where he attended Wendell Phillips Academy High School, the school Sam Cooke attended a few years later.
He participated in Walter Dyett's music program at DuSable High School. He would sneak out of the house to visit clubs, sitting outside to hear Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, Jimmie Noone; when he was fifteen, Cole dropped out of high school to pursue a music career. After his brother Eddie, a bassist, came home from touring with Noble Sissle, they formed a sextet and recorded two singles for Decca in 1936 as Eddie Cole's Swingsters, they performed in a revival of the musical Shuffle Along. Nat Cole went on tour with the musical. In 1937, he married Nadine Robinson, a member of the cast. After the show ended in Los Angeles and Nadine settled there while he looked for work, he led a big band found work playing piano in nightclubs. When a club owner asked him to form a band, he hired bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore, they called themselves the King Cole Swingsters after the nursery rhyme in which "Old King Cole was a merry old soul." They changed their name to the King Cole Trio before making radio transcriptions and recording for small labels.
Cole recorded "Sweet Lorraine" in 1940, it became his first hit. According to legend, his career as a vocalist started when a drunken bar patron demanded that he sing the song. Cole said that this fabricated story sounded good, so he didn't argue with it. In fact there was a customer one night who demanded that he sing, but because it was a song Cole didn't know, he sang "Sweet Lorraine" instead; as people heard Cole's vocal talent, they requested more vocal songs, he obliged. In 1941 the trio recorded "That Ain't Right" for Decca, followed the next year by "All for You" for Excelsior, they recorded "I'm Lost", a song written by Otis René, the owner of Excelsior. During the late 1930s the trio recorded radio transcriptions for Capitol, they performed on the radio programs Swing Soiree, Old Gold, The Chesterfield Supper Club, Kraft Music Hall, The Orson Welles Almanac. Cole appeared in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts in 1944, he was credited on Mercury as "Shorty Nadine", a derivative of his wife's name, because he had an exclusive contract with Capitol since signing with the label the year before.
He recorded with Lester Young. In 1946 the trio broadcast a fifteen-minute radio program; this was the first radio program to be sponsored by a black musician. Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material in which he was accompanied by a string orchestra, his stature as a popular star was cemented during this period by hits such as "All for You", "The Christmas Song", " Route 66", " For Sentimental Reasons", "There! I've Said It Again", "Nature Boy", "Frosty The Snowman", "Mona Lisa", "Orange Colored Sky", "Too Young",On November 5, 1956, The Nat'King' Cole Show debuted on NBC; the variety program was one of the first hosted by an African American, The program started at a length of fifteen-minutes but was increased to a half-hour in July 1957. Rheingold Beer was a regional sponsor; the show was in trouble financially despite efforts by NBC, Harry Belafonte, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald, Eartha Kitt, Frankie Laine, Peggy Lee, Mel Tormé. Cole decided to end the program; the last episode aired on December 17, 1957.
Commenting on the lack of sponsorship, Cole said shortly after its demise, "Madison Avenue is afraid of the dark."Throughout the 1950s, Cole continued to record hits that sold millions throughout the world, such as "Smile", "Pretend", "A Blossom Fell", "If I May". His pop hits were collaborations with Nelson Riddle, Gordon Jenkins, Ralph Carmichael. Riddle arranged several of Cole's 1950s albums, including Nat King Cole Sings for Two in Love, his first 10-inch LP. In 1955, "Darling, Je Vous Aime Beaucoup" reached number 7 on the Billboard chart. Love Is the Thing went to number one in April 1957 remained his only number one album. In 1959 he received a Grammy Award for Best Performance By a "Top 40" Artist for "Midnight Flyer". In 1958 Cole went to Havana, Cuba, to record Cole Español, an album sung in Spanish, it was so popular in Latin America and the U. S. that it was followed by two more Spanish-language albums: A Mis Amigos and More Cole Español. After the change in musical tastes, Cole's ballads appealed little to young listeners, despite a successful attempt at rock and roll with "Send for Me", which peaked at number 6 on the pop chart.
Like Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennet