Emporis Skyscraper Award
The Emporis Skyscraper Award is an award for architectural excellence regarding the design of buildings and their functionality. The award is presented annually by Emporis to the building representing the "Best new skyscraper for design and functionality". To qualify, nominated buildings must have been completed during the year of the award, must be at least 100 meters in height; the award for each year is announced the following January and is presented at the following spring or summer. For 2000 and before, the award was known as the Skyscrapers.com Award. Emporis List of architecture prizes Emporis Awards Official Site
Plaça d'Europa is a square in the District VII of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat suburb of Barcelona, Catalonia in Spain. Located on the Granvia de l'Hospitalet avenue at the intersection with Carrer d'Amadeu Torner, it is part of L'Hospitalet's recent urban development, one of its biggest squares at 33 ha, with a distinguishable skyline made up of high-rises, among the tallest structures in the city, some of which are designed by the renowned architect Toyo Ito. It is expected to become its economic centre, will allow different parts of the city severed by the Granvia to become interconnected, it is still not completed but featuring most of its planned buildings and infrastructure. Part of Fira de Barcelona, near it stand the pavilons of rest of Fira de Barcelona and the shopping centre Gran Via 2. High-rise buildings in the area include: Europa-Fira is a Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya station served by Barcelona Metro L8 and, when completed, by L9 and L10. Ciutat de la Justícia de Barcelona i l'Hospitalet de Llobregat El País article
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat shortened to L'Hospitalet, is a municipality to the immediate southwest of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain. By population, it is the sixteenth in Spain, it is noted as one of the most densely populated cities in the European Union. The first records of the settlement date to the Neolithic era with artefacts showing human habitation in the Llobregat river area. Roman artefacts have been found dating to the 2nd century BC such as a funeral decoration representing the head of Medusa, now in the Archaeological Museum of Catalonia; however it is not until the 10th century. The current name originates from the Catalan language and derives from a hostel next to the Church of Saint Eulalia of Provençana used by pilgrims in the Middle Ages; the city retained the character of a village until the 19th century when the first textile factories were built causing a population boom. The 1960s and 1970s saw a second population boom, caused by immigration from poorer regions of Spain: however this was not matched by construction of the necessary amenities and it was only in the 1990s that public investment resulted in additional schools, leisure facilities and housing.
The Swedish painter and former anarchist Ivan Aguéli died there, being killed by a train, in 1917. Only a small majority of the city's residential population is native to Catalonia and over 22% of the city's inhabitants were born outside Spain; however the city has a large number of permanent or non-permanent residents from other countries of the European Union. Its population in the 2006 census consisted of 78% born in Spain and broke down as follows: L'Hospitalet's surface is 12.49 km². The area on which the city is constructed may be divided in two different geological areas. One of them follows the coast typology and is called La Marina to two coast areas of neighbouring Barcelona's Zona Franca: La Marina del Prat Vermell and La Marina de Port; the latter half of L'Hospitalet is called El Samontà, which consists of hills and a more elevated area. The city's reputation is still that of a depressed suburb, drawing on its proletarian origins and its reliance on Barcelona, but its economy has improved as can be seen from the city's new skyline and relocation of companies to the city's new financial centre.
Urban regeneration and construction took place during the 2000s, as well as ongoing work on improving public transportation in the second municipality of the Barcelona metropolitan area. The former airline Spanair's headquarters were in L'Hospitalet. Former mayor Celestino Corbacho has campaigned to improve the city's infrastructure from his position in the Ministry of Work. Torre Realia BCN – 119 meters – Completed Hotel Porta Fira – 118 meters – Completed Hotel Catalonia Plaza Europa – 105 meters – Completed Hesperia Tower – 106 meters – Completed Tower Caixa Catalunya – 106 meters – Planned Torre Inbisa – 104 meters – Completed Torre Zenit – 104 meters – Completed Hospital de Bellvitge – 82 meters – Completed Tower Colonial – 75 meters – Under Construction Tower Fadesa I – 65 meters – Completed Tower Fadesa II – 65 meters – Completed Tower Fadesa III – 65 meters – Completed City Judicial Building A – 62 meters – Completed City Judicial Building C – 58 meters- Completed Torre Melina – 60 meters -Completed El Centre El Centre is the historical centre of the city, the oldest neighbourhood, where the City Council is, as well as the centre of activities such as La Farga and many of the cultural buildings, such as the History Museum, the Can Sumarro library, the cultural centre Barradas or the Sala Alexandre Cirici.
It borders the district of Sanfeliu and Can Serra to the north, Bellvitge to the south, Sant Josep to the east, the city of Cornellà de Llobregat to the west. Sant JosepSant Josep remains framed by the square, formed by the avenue of the Fabregada and that of Isabella The Catholic to the west, the Torrent Gornal to the east, the railroad on the north side Carrilet to the south. In this area, all the industrial activities that Hospitalet had through the ages left their mark: from the flour mills and the distilleries, up to the different energetic exploitation of the waterfalls of the Canal de la Infanta or the ceramic, textile and chemical industries. In fact, Sant Josep was an industrial suburb, but the subsequent disappearance of many factories, as well as the population increase, have given it a residential character. SanfeliuCivic life in this quarter centres on the avenue of the Communities Square; this public space is the scene of the greatest holiday celebrations, such as the festival of Sant Joan, the Carnival, many other popular events.
The cultural centre is at the heart of many of the activities. CollblancThis ward has a marked commercial character, centred near the Collblanc Metro stop; the Market Square and the surroundings are the main centre of cultural life. La TorrassaIts origins has been linked to Collblanc. Today, the Spanish Square and the new park of La Torrassa are the at heart of this neighbourhood and is where the holiday celebrations at the beginning of every summer are largest. Santa Eulàlia Its origins are dated back to Medieval times thanks to the presence of the Santa Eulàlia de Provençana hermitage (dated in the 12th century thanks to an inscription in the faç
Wangjing SOHO is a complex of three curvilinear asymmetric skyscrapers in Wangjing, a suburb of Beijing, China between central Beijing and Beijing Capital International Airport. According to Zaha Hadid, the project's architect, it is a "welcome and farewell to Beijing"; the towers contain both office and retail space. The SOHO was designed as a two-tower complex but due to height concerns it was redesigned as a three-tower project featuring towers of lower maximum height. One of the more than a dozen properties developed by SOHO China, the complex opened on 20 September 2014; the tallest of the three towers is the third-tallest woman-designed building in the world. The structure was designed by Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid. According to The Telegraph the curvilinear walls of the towers evoke "dancing Chinese fans", while Der Spiegel describes the three tower complex as "resembling curved sails that appear to swim across the surface of the Earth when viewed from the air". Architecture News Daily describes it as "three curved towers whose “shimmering”, metallic skin unifies the complex as each volume appears to “dance” around each other."
Pan Shiyi, Chairman of the Board of SOHO China, said in an interview that the design of Wangjing SOHO was meant to evoke the image of Koi, a traditional Chinese symbol of wealth, luck and happiness. The double-curvature panels required by the architectural design were used as models in a software programme using Visual Basic operating in a Rhino environment which could subsequently generate flat and single-curvature panels based on the analysis of the local curvature morphology of the original double-curvature panels; the software-driven panel-generation method was used to facilitate the rationalisation of manufactured sheet metal panels and to comply with higher demands in terms of cost requirements and manufacturing complexity. According to Der Spiegel, the design of the Wangjing SOHO has been pirated, by the Meiquan 22nd Century building located in the Chinese city of Chongqing. Satoshi Ohashi of Zaha Hadid Architects mentioned that the Chongqing project may have obtained details of the SOHO project in digital form.
The Meiquan complex is expected to finish ahead of the Wangjing SOHO project and this development has put pressure on Hadid to speed-up her plans to finish her SOHO project ahead of the competing towers in Chongqing. Ohashi mentioned that Zaha Hadid Architects had taken legal measures against Chongqing Meiquan Properties Ltd, yet You Yunting, a lawyer practising in Shanghai, specialising in intellectual property cases, founder of an online journal covering Chinese copyright laws, had found that great similarities existed between the two projects and that there was a good legal case for the Zaha Architects to file a copyright infringement lawsuit against the other company. He mentioned that: "But if the judge rules in favor of SOHO, the court will not force the defendant to pull the building down, but it could order the payment of compensation."On 14 May 2012 the companies which built the two projects, SOHO China and Chongqing Meiquan held a press conference during which the Chongqing Meiquan representative stated that the inspiration behind the design of the Meiquan 22nd Century project were "the cobblestones on the bank of the Yangtze River by which Chongqing was built".
Pan Shiyi, the Wanjing SOHO representative, countered that the design of the Wanjing towers was meant to evoke the Koi fish and declared his intention of filing a lawsuit, saying that intellectual property had to be protected in China. During the press conference the Chinese Intellectual Property commission was present and issued a report at the end of the event; the developer of the Chongqing Meiquan project wrote in the company blog: “Never meant to copy, only want to surpass.”Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas told Der Spiegel that the rapid growth of Chinese cities has led to the appearance of architects who "copy and paste" architectural elements from other designs and create new composite designs. Koolhaas calls these architects "Photoshop designers" and says: "Photoshop allows us to make collages of photographs -- this is the essence of architectural and urban production…. Design today becomes as easy as Photoshop on the scale of a city." Zaha Hadid's reaction was more philosophical.
Granvia l'Hospitalet or Granvia l'H is a district in the municipality of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, a south-western suburb of the Barcelona metropolitan area. Part of Granvia L'H is part of Gran Via business center of Barcelona and directly Fira de Barcelona, second largest trade fair and exhibition centres in Europe; the Granvia area is served by line 8 of the Barcelona Metro and FGC commuter train network, at the Europa-Fira station, by the bus line 79
Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower
Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower is a 204-metre, 50-story educational facility located in the Nishi-Shinjuku district in Shinjuku, Japan. The building is home to three educational institutions: Tokyo Mode Gakuen, HAL Tokyo, Shuto Ikō. Completed in October 2008, the tower is the second-tallest educational building in the world and is the 17th-tallest building in Tokyo, it was awarded the 2008 Skyscraper of the Year by Emporis.com. Before selecting a design for its new Tokyo location, Mode Gakuen held a competition asking architects to submit design proposals for the building; the only condition was. Mode Gakuen received more than 150 proposals by 50 architects; the winning proposal was a cocoon-like structure designed by Tange Associates. According to Tange Associates the building's cocoon shape symbolizes a building that nurtures the students inside. White aluminum and dark blue glass exterior form the structure's curved shell, criss-crossed by a web of white diagonal lines earning it the name "Cocoon Tower".
A Tange Associates spokesperson stated that their aim was to use the building to revitalize the surrounding area and to create a gateway between Shinjuku Station and the Shinjuku central business district. The building's design earned the firm the Emporis.com 2008 Skyscraper of the year award. Built on the former site of the now demolished Asahi Mutual Life Insurance Company headquarters, construction of the Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower began in May 2006 and was completed in October 2008; the 204-metre-tall, 50-story tower is the second-tallest educational building in the world and is the 17th-tallest building in Tokyo. The vertical campus can accommodate 10,000 students for the three vocational schools that occupy the building. Tokyo Mode Gakuen, for which the building in named after, is a fashion school; the other schools, HAL Tokyo and Shuto Ikō, are information technology and medical schools that are operated by Mode Gakuen University. Each floor of the tower contains three rectangular classrooms.
The inner core consists of a staircase and a support shaft. Every three floors, a three-story student lounge is located between the classrooms and faces three directions: east and northwest. Mode Gakuen Spiral Towers 30 St Mary Axe Media related to Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower at Wikimedia Commons