A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures and advertising, they are sometimes responsible for typesetting, user interfaces, web design. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to present information in a way, both accessible and memorable. A Bachelor's degree or certificate from an accredited trade school is considered essential for a graphic design position. After a career history has been established, the graphic designer's experience and number of years in the business are considered the primary qualifications. A portfolio, the primary method for demonstrating these qualifications, is required to be shown at job interviews, is developed throughout a designer's career. One can obtain an MPhil / PhD in graphic design. Degree programs available vary depending upon the institution, although typical U.
S. graphic design jobs may require at least some form of degree. Current graphic designer jobs demand proficiency in one or more graphic design software programs. A common software package used in the graphic design industry is Adobe Creative Cloud; this software package contains the three main programs used by graphic designers, which are Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign. Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator are the industry standard applications for many graphic design positions. Another example of a common software package is CorelDraw Graphics Suite. Outside the graphic design industry, many people use Microsoft Word or Microsoft Publisher to create a layout or design. However, depending on the job at hand, most designers create the layout in either InDesign, CorelDRAW or QuarkXPress; the designer will type or import the text in the layout program importing the graphics and images they created in Photoshop or Illustrator. There are a couple of reasons a designer builds a layout in this fashion: Files going to press are printed at 300 dots per inch.
As a result, the file size can become large, depending upon the photos and graphics used in it. By using a layout program and linking these graphics and images, the working file is a fraction of the file size; when the designer is ready to go to press, s/he will either create a press-ready PDF. InDesign, CorelDRAW, or QuarkXPress make it possible to work with large multiple page layouts, such as catalogs and booklets. Since InDesign, CorelDRAW, QuarkXPress the original file, linking to the graphics and images, the designer can change the "original file" and it will update all instances throughout the document to save time. A web designer should understand how to work with XML, HTML, basic web programming scripts. A print designer should understand the processes involved in printing to be able to produce press-ready artwork. Designers should be able to solve visual communication challenges. In doing so, the designer must identify the communications issue and analyze information related to the issue, generate potential approaches aimed at solving the problem.
Iterative prototyping and user testing can be used to determine the success or failure of a visual solution. Approaches to a communications problem are developed in the context of an audience and a media channel. Graphic designers must understand the social and cultural norms of that audience in order to develop visual solutions that are perceived as relevant and effective. Graphic designers should have a thorough understanding of production and rendering methods; some of the technologies and methods of production are drawing, offset printing and time-based and interactive media. Designers are called upon to manage color in different media. 50 years ago, the graphic designer's portfolio was a black book or large binder in which samples of the artist's best printed pieces were carried to show prospective clients or employers. Printed pieces are protected inside by being mounted on boards or slipped into Acetate sleeves. Since the 1990s, portfolios have become computer digitized and now may be digitized and available on the Internet, or on CD, DVD, or via email.
Graphic design relates to corporate identity, the branding, "persona" of a corporation. Branding originated in the late 1890s and not only did it emerge as corporate identity, but it signified corporate quality. Many might recognize the process of "branding" a hot iron symbol or logo onto an animal's body to differentiate other cattle. Branding your business or any other type of asset that requires an identity does help one to be recognized in a commercialized industry. Exceptional graphic designers can create a brand that fits the company as well as define it through one simple logo. Graphic design occupations List of graphic designers Mood board
University of Tehran
University of Tehran is the oldest modern university located in Tehran, Iran. It is one of the most prestigious universities in the Middle East. Based on its historical, socio-cultural, political pedigree, as well as its research and teaching profile, UT has been nicknamed "The mother university of Iran", it has been ranked as one of the best universities in the Middle East in national and international rankings and among the top universities in the world. It is the premier knowledge producing institute among all OIC countries; the university offers 111 bachelor's degree programs, 177 master's degree programs, 156 Ph. D. programs. Many of the departments were absorbed into the University of Tehran from the Dar al-Funun established in 1851 and the Tehran School of Political Sciences established in 1899; the main campus of the University is located in the central part of the city. However, other campuses are spread across the city as well as in the suburbs such as the Baghe Negarestan Campus at the central eastern part of the city, the Northern Amirabad Campuses at the central western part of the city and the Abureyhan Campus in the suburb of the capital.
The main gate of the University with its specific design and modern architecture is the logo of the University and in a more general sense, a logo of education in Iran. The University is one of the city's attractions, hosting many international and cultural events attracting academia, foreign tourists as well as local residents; the major festive of Friday Prayers of the capital is held at the University’s main campus every Friday. Admission to the university's renowned undergraduate and graduate programs is competitive and is limited to the top one percent of students who pass the national entrance examination administered yearly by the Ministry of Science and Technology. Tehran University makes the number one choice of qualifying applicants among all other universities of Iran; the first official step for the establishment of the present form of University of Tehran occurred on 31 March 1931 when Minister of Court Abdolhossein Teymourtash wrote Isa Sedigh, completing his doctoral dissertation at Columbia University in New York to inquire as to requirements for the establishment of a University in Tehran.
Sadiq considered the letter an invitation to outline a comprehensive scheme for the establishment of a University. In January 1933, during the cabinet meeting, the subject was brought up. Ali Asghar Hekmat, the acting minister of the Ministry of Education stated the following words there: "Of course, there is no doubt on the thriving state and the glory of the capital, but the only obvious deficiency is that this city has no'university', it is a pity that this city lags far behind other great countries of the world." His words had a profound impact on everyone in the meeting, resulting in the acceptance of the proposal. Thus allocating an initial budget of 250,000 Tomans, the Ministry of Education was authorized to find a suitable land for the establishment of the university and take necessary measures to construct the building as soon as possible. Ali Asghar Hekmat in collaboration and consultation with André Godard, a French skillful architect -, serving the Ministry of Education as an engineer, promptly began looking for a suitable location for the University grounds.
By the orders of Rezā Shāh, the compound of Jalaliyeh garden was selected. Jalaliyeh garden was located in the north of the Tehran between Amirabad village and the northern trench of Tehran; this beautiful garden, full of orchards was founded in the early 1900s during the final years of Nasir ad- Din Shah, by the order of Prince Jalal ad-dawlah. The master plan of the campus buildings was drawn up by French architects Roland Dubrulle and Maxime Siroux, Swiss architect Alexandre Moser, as well as Andre Godard, Nicolai Markov and Mohsen Foroughi; the influences of early 20th century modernist architecture are today visible on the main campus grounds of the University. The University of Tehran inaugurated in 1934; the Amir-abad campus was added in 1945 after American troops left the property as World War II was coming to an end. The university admitted women as students for the first time in 1937. In 1935, the males-only university opened its doors to women as part of the country's sweeping universal education policy.
In 1986, the Iranian parliament, known as the Majlis of Iran, stipulated that the university's overcrowded College of Medicine be separated into the independent Tehran University of Medical Sciences, that TUMS be placed under the leadership of the new ministry of health and Medical Education. With over 13,000 current students, TUMS remains the best medical school in Iran. 1. International Campuses: Aras International Campus Kish International Campus2. Colleges College of Aburaihan in Pakdasht College of Agriculture & Natural Resources in Karaj College of Engineering in Kargar St. College of Fine Arts College of Science College of Farabi in Qom College of Alborz in Tehran & Karaj3. Faculties Faculty of World Studies Faculty of Entrepreneurship Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature Faculty of Literature and Human Science Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Faculty of Social Sciences Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Faculty of Information Sciences and Knowledge Studies Faculty of Law and Political Science Faculty of Management Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies Faculty of Psychology and Education Faculty of Geography Faculty of Economics Faculty of Environment International Desert Research Center Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics Institute of GeophysicsAt pre
Manchester Metropolitan University
Manchester Metropolitan University is a public university located in Manchester, England. The university traces its origins to the Manchester Mechanics Institute and the Manchester School of Design, which formed Manchester Polytechnic in 1970. Manchester Polytechnic gained university status under the government's Further and Higher Education Act, becoming the Manchester Metropolitan University in 1992. Today, it is headquartered with additional facilities in Cheshire. Manchester Metropolitan University is an accredited member of the Association of MBAs, member of the University Alliance, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the North West Universities Association, Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and the European University Association. Today, it is home to the Manchester School of Art, the Manchester School of Theatre, as well as the Manchester School of Architecture administered in collaboration with the University of Manchester; the University's logo is derived from the upper part of the shield of the university crest, with six spade-irons positioned together, suggesting hard toil and entrenchment.
Manchester Met was developed from mergers of various colleges with various specialisms, including technology and design. Its founding can be traced back to the Manchester Mechanics Institute, the Manchester School of Design latterly known as the Manchester School of Art; the painter L. S. Lowry attended in the years after the First World War, where he was taught by the noted impressionist Adolphe Valette. Schools of Commerce and Domestic Science were added alongside colleges at Didsbury, Crewe and the former Domestic and Trades College; the school renamed itself as Manchester Polytechnic in 1970, followed by series of mergers with the Didsbury College of Education and Hollings College in 1977, as well as City of Manchester College of Higher Education in 1983. In 1987, the institution became a founding member of the Northern Consortium, became a corporate body on 1 April 1989 as allowed by the terms of the Education Reform Act. On 15 September 1992, Manchester Polytechnic gained university status under the wide-sweeping Further and Higher Education Act 1992, has since rebranded as Manchester Metropolitan University.
After earning university status, Manchester Met absorbed Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education, the Manchester School of Physiotherapy in 2004: an institution formed in 1991 through the amalgamation of the Manchester Royal Infirmary and Withington Hospital Schools of Physiotherapy. MSOP was affiliated with the Victoria University of Manchester, which conferred degree-level courses by extension until the final Class of 2005. MSOP joined Manchester Metropolitan University as the Department of Physiotherapy in 2004, was renamed as the Department of Health Professions. Today, it offers undergraduate and postgraduate studies, a three-year undergraduate honours programme, National Vocational Qualification programmes for unqualified support workers in the field of physiotherapy; the university was located on seven sites: five in Manchester and two in Cheshire. However, the university closed two of the seven sites to rationalise its estate; the university moved the work of the Alsager campus to Crewe, while the Aytoun campus was closed in 2012 following the opening of an All Saints Campus business school.
In 2011, the university announced a £350 million investment programme for the largest physical change to its estate since its foundation. The Elizabeth Gaskell and Didsbury campuses were closed in 2014, with faculties being relocated to campuses at All Saints and Birley. All Saints campus is one of the university's 2 campuses; the Faculty of Humanities and Social Science was split between the Geoffrey Manton and Mabel Tylecote buildings. The Geoffrey Manton Building accommodates the English and Economic History and Communications, Politics and Philosophy, Sociology departments; the Languages department was housed in the Mabel Tylecote Building until the building was demolished in 2017 to make way for a new Arts and Humanities building on the site. The John Dalton Building, on Chester Street is the home of the Faculty of Engineering, it comprises four schools: the School of Healthcare Sciences, the School of Computing, Mathematics & Digital Technology, the School of Engineering, the School of Science and The Environment.
To the rear of the John Dalton Building is JD tower, housing the university's main science laboratories including IRM, the Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health. The Manchester School of Art on the All Saints Campus is composed of four departments: The Manchester School of Architecture; the School of Art houses the Holden Gallery which has a continuous programme of exhibitions and is open free to the public. The university has invested in improving the Manchester School of Art building granting £35 million to facilitate three changes including: a new building for the school, refurbishment of the workshops and renovation of the studios. In 2014 the Benzie Building was nominated for the Stirling Prize. New premises costing £75 million for the Faculty of Business and Law have been built on All Saints Campus and the Business School re-located to this building from the Aytoun Campus in 2012, it will house 250 staff. The new building is an original architectur
Tarbiat Modares University
Tarbiat Modares University is an graduate university with its main campus in Tehran, Iran. It was founded in 1982 and is ranked among top universities in Iran. Tarbiat Modares University is the only graduate university in Iran and was founded to train university professors. Admission is through national level university exams and in most programs is limited to top performers. TMU includes 15 faculties: Agriculture and Architecture, Basic Sciences, Biological Sciences, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Humanities, Management & Economics, Mathematical Sciences, Natural Resources & Marine Sciences and Medical Sciences, it is the only university in Iran that offers a master program for Medical Biotechnology and only 6-9 students are admitted annually according on their performance in National Graduate Studies Entrance Exam. The university is the first and the only one in Tehran and one of the three in Iran, in which the M.
Sc. degree in Nanotechnology Engineering is offered. The Faculty of Agriculture, founded in 1983, is one of the major providers of training for professors associated with agricultural fields. A wide range of scientific courses is offered for post-experience students. Students can join specialized seminars guided by scientific advisors and take part in research projects of their departments. There are more than 900 M. Sc. and Ph. D. students in the faculty. The main purpose of the establishment of the Faculty of Arts of TMU has been to provide suitable environment to attract talented students, train them and make them scholars in the arts for universities all over Iran. On this basis, 182 experts have graduated. At present 518 students are doing their courses in various programmes such as painting, specific art studies, graphics, visual art literature, architecture and regional planning and building management. There are 30 professors in this faculty. Facilities such as studios, computer center, library are available to all students of the college.
A great number of the directors and lecturers in other universities and organizations are the graduates of this college. The Faculty of Basic Sciences was established in 1982 to promote higher education studies; the faculty consists of three departments including chemistry and physics. The Department of Chemistry has four groups: Analytical Chemistry Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Physical ChemistryThe Department of Geology is formed by five groups: Economic Geology Engineering Geology Petrology Structural GeologyThe Department of Physics includes three groups: Atomic and Molecular Condensed Matter Particle and FieldsAll departments of the faculty offer admissions to students at M. Sc. and Ph. D. levels internationally. The faculty has 31 permanent academic staff members. Distinguished professors from other universities cooperate with the faculty as invited lecturers. There are 50 laboratories in the faculty; the facilities in the labs include etc.. The Faculty of Biological Sciences was established in 2009.
It consists of five Departments: Biochemistry, Genetics, Nanobiotechnology and Plant Biology. The faculty has 18 permanent academic staff members. Over 11 professors cooperate with the faculty as invited lecturers. Total numbers of students are 319, There are seventeen well-equipped laboratories in the faculty; the Faculty of Chemical Engineering trains students and conducts research in the field of Chemical Engineering including chemical engineering, Polymer and Biomedical Engineering in departments. There are more than 187 M. Sc. and 126 Ph. D. students in the faculty. The present staff of the faculty consists of 24 full professors, associate professors, assistant professors and assistant lecturers supported by six technicians and secretaries. M. Sc. in: Biomedical Engineering Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering Polymer Engineering Polymerization Process EngineeringPh. D. in: Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering Polymer Engineering The Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering offers M.
Sc. and Ph. D. degree programs. The Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering offers its M. Sc. and Ph. D. degree programs in the following seven departments: Department of Structural Engineering Department of Earthquake Engineering Department of Highway and Transportation Engineering Department of Water Engineering Department of Hydraulic Structures and Marine Structures Department of Soil and Foundation Engineering Department of Environmental Engineering Department of Transportation Planning The Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering is one of the greatest Engineering faculties of Tarbiat Modares University the only post graduate university in the country. In the past two decades, the faculty of ECE has educated many Master’s and Ph. D. students in the areas of Biomedical, Computer Engineering, Electronics, Power and as well as the multidisciplinary programs including Nano-Electronics, IT, ICT. Over 166 Ph. D. candidates and 347 Master students are studying at the main TMU campus in Tehran.
The faculty of ECE has strong ties with industrial sectors, paving the way for involving the students and the faculty members with the industrial research pr