Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The people of the commune are known as Ahastarr. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is part of Cize country, a historical province in Lower Navarre, it includes three former parishes, sometimes counted as four groups of houses in the Middle Ages and with five toponyms: Alciette, Garatehegi and Bascassan located at the confluence of the Laurhibar and Esteneko streams. Alciette is the parish farthest away to the northeast in the combination of the three parishes. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is located some 6 km south-east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and can be accessed by Highway D18 running from close to there through the heart of the commune southeast to Lecumberry; the village is not on the highway and is left onto the country road Vierge-d'Ahaxe off the D18 heading southeast. There is a country road from Aincille in the west to the village of Bascassin in the commune and there are other country roads entering from the north and the southeast.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune lands are watered by the Laurhibar, a tributary of the Nive, a tributary of that, the Esteneko stream. The Apatéko stream, a tributary of the Arzubiko stream crosses the territory of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan; the commune's name in Basque is Ahatsa-Altzieta Bazkazane. AhaxeThe toponym Ahaxe appears in the forms: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicates that the toponym comes from the Basque oronymic base of aitz meaning "rock" or "height"; the people of the commune are called in Basque Ahatsarr. AlcietteThe toponym Alciette appears in the forms: The Basque name for the people of this area is Alzietarr. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Alciette is derived from the medieval Alzueta which itself comes from the Basque alzu meaning "place where there are abundant alder trees". BascassanThe name Bascassan appears in the forms: Bazquazen Bascaçen Bascacen ) Bazcacen ) Basquacen ) Bazcacen Vazquacen Vazcazen and Vazaçan Bascassan Its origin is uncertain.
The people of the area are called Bazkazandarr in basque. Ahaxachillo is mentioned in the 1863 dictionary.) Bastida is indicated by Raymond. Errékaldéa is mentioned with the spelling Errecaldia referring to the flowing stream of Bascassan flowing into the Laurhibar. CurutchetCurutchet was a former fief of a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. EtcheverriaPaul Raymond mentioned an Etcheberry, a fief located in the parish of Alciette and a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. GaratehegiThe name Garatehegi appears in the forms: Garateguia sent jullian et garateheguj la parropie de garatehegi Garatteguy Garatéhéguy Garateguy Garatehegi from Basque means "summit of the high country". GasteluaGastelua appears with the spelling Gastellu in 1863. LibiétaLibiéta is a toponym that appears in the forms: Libiet Libiette LigetaLigeta is mentioned in the forms: Lagueta Ligueta Liguete, 1366, 1413); the origin of this toponym could be the Latin Liger. The Lordship of Ahaxe called the Lordship of Cize, was allied with the Viscounts of Arbéroue in the 11th century as well as the lordships of Guiche and to the Counts of Biscay.
Ahaxe and Alciette-Bascassan were reunited on 11 June 1842. List of Successive Mayors of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan The commune belongs to seven inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural; the commune is part of the zone designation of the Ossau-iraty. The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan at a rank of 27,645 with an average income of €13,257. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the Basque dialect spoken in Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is eastern low Navarrese. There is a gaztelu zahar at a place called Gaztalepo, located 550 metres above sea level. There is a lice or a fence surrounding a fortification running at 313 metres above sea level at a place called Gaztelua or Gastellia.
These artifacts represent the ancient past of the commune. There are several buildings and farms in the commune that are listed as historical monuments; these are: Houses and Farms Kapila House Idioinea farm Gohonetxea farm Château Saint-Julien A number of churches and sites in the commune have been classified as historical monuments. These are: Parish Church of Saint Julien of Antioch The cemetery contains a remarkable collection of Hilarri. Hilarri in the Saint Julien Church Cemetery Chapel of Saint-Saveur of Alciette; the chapel contains several historical objects: Pulpit 2 Benches Main Altar, Retable and 4 Candlestic
Anhaux is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France in the former province of Lower Navarre. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anhauztar. Anhaux is located some 10 km south of Ossès. Access to the commune is by country roads branching from the D15 road passing to the north of the commune; the commune consists of farmland in the north with the southern part more rugged and hilly. The commune is located in the drainage basin of the Adour; the Ontzeroneker erreka' - a tributary of the Nive d'Arnéguy - with many tributaries rising in the commune forms the southern border with Lasse commune. A right tributary of the Berroko erreka, the Aparraineko erreka flows down from the Artzaïnharria; the Napoleonic land registry divided the commune into 16 districts in 1840: Districts in Section A called The Village Districts in Section B called Honçaron Heguy was an old district, extending that of Choubitoa. Today, the following localities are listed: The commune name in basque is Anhauze.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a basque origin of ona-oz, meaning "place of the hill". The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Mérimée: Presentation of the Commune Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Anhaux village is one of eleven hamlets or villages which were in the Baigorry Valley. In the Middle Ages, the eleven hamlets were: Ascarat, Moussourits, Irouleguy, Leispars, Oticoren and Anhauz, all in the north of the valley; the south was not populated until much later. Despite sounding Basque, the name of this village seems to defy all analysis; the oldest document known on which the name Anhaux appears is now the cartulary of the abbey of Saint-Jean of Sorde where it appears in the 10th century.
Father Haristoy in his book Research on the Basque Country noted that recorded in this cartulary were: "1068-1072 Oz Guilhem de Onotz and his wife received from Saint-Jean a piece of land located at Anhaux subject to they and their successors providing security and seven loaves, one pig, one pint of wine, two measures of provisions". The Benedictine Abbey in question was founded in the 9th century north-east of Navarre, it was, as with all the monasteries at the time, a vast agricultural area spread along the mountain streams in Orthe country and lower Navarre and, according to the two cited references, in the parish of Anhaux. It was around 1023 that King Sancho III of Navarre founded the fief of the Viscounty of Baigory in favour of Garcias Lop, related; the creation of the hamlet itself, on the viscounts' lands, therefore dates back to this period. Thus from the 11th century the status of houses at Anhaux was defined by the writer Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, he provided a list of houses existing in the Middle Ages in Anhaux.
This document was created from the archives from 1350, 1366, 1412. Of the twenty-eight houses found there, four were noble, the others were fivatiéres which means that they paid a fee in crops, work, or money and were built on the land of the "Lord" of the main house; the successive Viscounts of Baigorry of Echaux enjoyed the tithes of the village until their liquidation in 1792. The arms Anhaux are those of the Apesteguy family, they were adopted by the municipal council on 30 July 1993. Pierre Haristoy wrote that the Apesteguy were lords of Jaureguia and of Anhaux and nominated the priest for the area. In deeds before 1670 several of the Apesteguy appear as noble. Towards 1720 Jean-Pierre d'Apesteguy was received by the States of Navarre; the house of Apesteguia was, until the 18th century, the Lay Abbey for the area. Its members played an important role in the valley until the end of the 19th century; the Cassini map, made in the 18th century shows a parish consisting of: the village of Anhaux with a parish church.
List of Successive Mayors Anhaux commune participates in eight inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. In 2009 the commune had 286 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Irouléguy and the AOC of Ossau-iraty. Economic activity is princip
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Abidos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Abidos is a Béarnais commune located some 13 km south-east of Orthez and 4 km north of Mourenx on the south side of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is by the D31 road from Le Bourguet in the north turning west in the commune to access the village and continuing southwest to join the D9; the D33 road from Noguères in the southeast passes through the commune east of the village and joins the D31 as it turns west. The commune has an industrial area in the southwest with the rest of the commune farmland; the Gave de Pau forms the north-eastern border of the commune and passes through the northern corner of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. The Baïse river flows through the centre of the commune from the southeast and joins the Gave de Pau in the commune; the Luzoué flows from the southeast through the west of the commune to join the Gave de Pau.
Bastia Bernacheyre Chalosse Joanlong Pleasure Us The name Abidos appears in the forms: Avitos in the 11th century, Pierre de Marca and around 1100 and in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq. Avitoss was another form around 1100, Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn. *Avezos appeared around 1100 in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn Avidoos in the 13th century in the Fors de Béarn Sent-Sadarnii of Abidos in 1344 Notaries of Pardies Bidos and Bydos in 1548, Reformation of Béarn Abidos on the Cassini Map of 1750Michel Grosclaude offers a Latin etymology of Avitus plus the Aquitaine suffix -ossum "domain of Avitus". Its name in Béarnais is Avidos. Paul Raymond notes that in 1385, Abidos had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwicks of Lagor and Pardies. Abidos had a castle with an attached door across the Pau river. List of Successive Mayors of Abidos Abidos is a member of seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of Baïses AEP union for water and Baise.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Abidos to rank at No. 10,338, with an average income of €17,174. The town is part of the zone designation of Ossau-iraty. There is an old chapel at Abidos castle. An arboretum created by the community of communes of Lacq and the Abengoa BioEnergy France company, is located behind the village hall. Found in Abydos, a mill with its canal; the path of Naöu means an unencumbered way along the Pau river. The commune has a school with two classrooms for primary school, a school canteen, a library; the town has a sports field in the centre with a football field, basketball court, volleyball court, tennis courts. There is a sports hall equipped for basketball and Basque pelota. Lastly there is a roller skate park for BMX edge of the Baise. Raoul Vergez was born in Abidos on 3 August 1908 and died in Senlis on 7 July 1977.
He was writer and journalist. Known by the name of "Béarnais, the friend of the Tour de France", he left an important mark on the work of the Companions in France, he reported from the United States during a trip in 1952, some special techniques for companion carpenters. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abidos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abidos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abidos on the INSEE website INSEE
Andrein is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andreinais or Andreinaises Andrein is a béarnaise commune located on the left bank of the Gave d'Oloron 5 kilometres east of Sauveterre-de-Béarn and some 16 km south-west of Orthez. Access to the commune is by road D27 from Sauveterre-de-Bearn passing through the commune and the village and continuing east to Laàs; the D23 road from Burgaronne to L'Hôpital-d'Orion passes through the north of the commune. The commune is mixed farmland. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the southern border of the commune is formed by the Gave d'Oloron. Numerous streams flow south through the commune to the Gave d'Oloron including the Malourau and the Lourou which forms the eastern border; the northern border is formed by the Arrec Heurre which flows west to join the Gave d'Oleron east of Abitain. The commune name in Béarnese dialect and in Gascon Occitan is Andrenh.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicated that the name came from the family name Andréas with the suffix -enh. She mentioned that the villagers were once called "cherry eaters"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Census: Census of Béarn Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Navarrenx: Notaries of Navarrenx Denombrement: Denombremont of Andrein Paul Raymond on page 6 of his 1863 dictionary noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey, a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 Andrein depended on the bailiwick of Sauveterre. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of five intercommunal structures: the inter-communal centre for Social Action of Sauveterre-de-Béarn; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793.
From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The Touron de Larochelle is 195 metres high. Emmanuel Berl, born 2 August 1892 in Vésinet and died 21 September 1976 in Paris, was a journalist and French essayist. In 1920 he married Jacqueline Bordes in Andrein. Arthur Hugenschmidt stayed in Andein in 1928 and 1929 with the Countess of Viforano according to correspondence from the Presidency of the Republic. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Andrein on Lion1906 Andrein on Google Maps Andrein on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Andrein on the 1750 Cassini Map Andrein on the INSEE website INSEE
Ance Féas is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, southwestern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger of the former communes of Féas and Ance. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
Ainharp is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainharbars. Or Ainharbear. Ainharp is located some 50 km west by southwest of Pau, 15 km southeast of Saint-Palais, 10 km north-west of Mauleon-Licharre, it is part of the former province of Soule. The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing southeast to Mauleon-Licharre; the D344 road goes to the north from the village through the commune east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed forest. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border; the commune name in Basque is Ainharbe. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations: a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be or "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Ohix:Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune was a former priory in the diocese of Oloron and that there was a hospital for pilgrims. List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp Mayors from 1929 Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures: the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the association to support Basque culture the intercommunal association of the Valley the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon the AEP association for Soule Country the remediation association for Soule Country the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques The activity is agricultural.
The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The commune has a church which dates back to the 11th century and a Calvary-Bell Tower from the 17th century, its cemetery features Hilarri dating from the time of the bell tower. The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Pagolle, Haux and Ordiarp; the commune has a primary school. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINHARBE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ainharp on Lion1906 Ainharp on Google Maps Ainharp on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ainharp on the 1750 Cassini Map Ainharp on the INSEE website INSEE