House of Leo

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Leonid dynasty
Leo I 457–474
Leo II 474
Zeno 474–491
Usurpation of Basiliscus 475–476
Anastasius I 491–518
Preceded by
Theodosian dynasty
Followed by
Justinian dynasty

The House of Leo ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from 457 to 518 (and varying parts of the Western Roman Empire from 474 to 480).[1]

Julius Nepos ruled a Roman rump state of Dalmatia after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.[1]

List of Leonid rulers of the Byzantine Empire[edit]

The emperors of the House of Leo were:[2]

  1. Leo I the Thracian (Valerius Leo) (401–474, ruled 457–474) – soldier
  2. Leo II (467–474, ruled 474) – grandson of Leo I, son of Zeno
  3. Zeno (425–491, ruled 474–475) – son-in-law of Leo I; orig. Tarasicodissa, an Isaurian
  4. Basiliscus ( ? – c. 477, ruled 475–476) – usurper; brother-in-law of Leo I
    • Zeno (ruled 476–491) – restored
  5. Anastasius I (430–518, ruled 491–518) – silentiarius; son-in-law of Leo I, elevated by selection by Zeno's widow Ariadne

List of other notable members of the dynasty[edit]

Other members of the House of Leo were:

  • Aelia Verina, wife of Leo I and sister of Basiliscus
  • Armatus, general, nephew of Basiliscus and Verina
  • Ariadne, daughter of Leo I, mother of Leo II and wife of Zeno and then Anastasius I
  • Julius Nepos, Western Roman Emperor, husband of a niece of Leo I.[1]
  • Hypatius, a nephew of Anastasius I and an influential Greens senator, was placed as the candidate to the purple during the Nika riots against the later emperor Justinian I. May be counted as a member of the Leonid dynasty due to being related to one of their emperors.


  1. ^ a b c Lars Ulwencreutz (November 2013). Ulwencreutz's The Royal Families in Europe V. Ulwencreutz Media. pp. 257–258. ISBN 978-1-304-58135-8. 
  2. ^ Lars Brownworth (15 September 2009). Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization. Crown/Archetype. pp. 309–310. ISBN 978-0-307-46241-1.