No Country for Old Men (film)
No Country for Old Men is a 2007 American neo-Western crime thriller film written and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen, based on Cormac McCarthy's 2005 novel of the same name. A cat and mouse thriller starring Tommy Lee Jones, Javier Bardem, Josh Brolin, it follows a Texas welder and Vietnam War veteran in the desert landscape of 1980 West Texas; the film revisits the themes of fate and circumstance that the Coen brothers had explored in the films Blood Simple and Fargo. No Country for Old Men premiered in competition at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival on May 19; the film won 76 awards on 109 nominations across multiple organizations. The American Film Institute listed it as an AFI Movie of the Year, the National Board of Review selected the film as the best of 2007. More critics included No Country for Old Men on their 2007 top ten lists than any other film, many regard it as the Coen brothers' best film; as of February 2018, various sources had recognized it as one of the best films of its decade and still one of the best films of the 2000s.
The Guardian's John Patterson wrote: "the Coens' technical abilities, their feel for a landscape-based Western classicism reminiscent of Anthony Mann and Sam Peckinpah, are matched by few living directors", Peter Travers of Rolling Stone said that it is "a new career peak for the Coen brothers" and "as entertaining as hell". In 2016, it was voted the 10th best film of the 21st century as picked by 177 film critics from around the world. In Texas, 1980, hitman Anton Chigurh strangles a deputy sheriff with the handcuffs he is in to escape custody and uses a captive bolt pistol to kill a driver and steal his car, he spares the life of a gas station owner who guesses the result of a coin Chigurh flipped, revealing Chigurh's modus operandi: killing those who cannot guess his coin flip. Poaching pronghorns in the desert, Llewelyn Moss comes across the aftermath of a drug deal gone bad, he finds several dead men and dogs, a wounded Mexican man begging for water, two million dollars in a briefcase.
He takes the money and returns home. That night, Moss returns to the scene with water, he is pursued by two men in escapes. At home, he sends his wife, Carla Jean, to stay with her mother drives to a motel in Del Rio, where he hides the case in his room's air conditioning duct. Chigurh, hired to recover the money, arrives to search Moss's home, where he uses his bolt pistol to blow the lock out of the door. Investigating the break in, Terrell County Sheriff Ed Tom Bell observes the blown-out lock. Following an electronic tracking device hidden in the money, Chigurh goes to Moss's motel room and kills a group of Mexicans who are waiting to ambush Moss. Moss has rented a second room adjacent to the Mexicans' room with access to the duct where the money is hidden, he retrieves the briefcase just before Chigurh finds it empty. Moving to a hotel in the border town of Eagle Pass, Moss discovers the tracking device, but Chigurh has found him, their firefight spills onto the streets, killing a civilian, both are wounded.
Moss flees across to Mexico. Finding Moss injured, a passing norteño band takes him to a hospital. Carson Wells, another hired operative, fails to persuade Moss to accept protection in return for the money. Chigurh stitches his own wounds with stolen supplies and sneaks up on Wells at his hotel. After Wells unsuccessfully attempts to barter for his life, Chigurh kills him in his hotel room. Moss telephones the room and Chigurh answers, who promises to kill Carla Jean unless Moss gives up the money. Moss retrieves the case from the bank of the Rio Grande and arranges to meet Carla Jean at a motel in El Paso, where he plans to give her the money and hide her from danger. Carla Jean is approached by Sheriff Bell. Carla Jean's mother unwittingly reveals Moss' location to a group of Mexicans, tailing them. Bell reaches the motel rendezvous at El Paso, only to hear gunshots and spot a pickup truck speeding from the motel; as Bell enters the parking lot, he sees Moss lying dead. When Carla Jean arrives, she chokes up upon discovering.
That night, Bell finds the lock blown out. Chigurh hides behind the door after retrieving the money. Bell sees that the vent has been removed. Bell visits his uncle Ellis, an ex-lawman, tells him he plans to retire because he feels "over-matched". Ellis clarifies. Weeks Carla Jean returns from her mother's funeral to find Chigurh waiting in her bedroom, as per his threat to Moss, she refuses his offer of a coin toss for her life, stating that he cannot pass blame to luck: the choice is his. Chigurh checks his boots for blood; as he drives through the neighborhood, a car crashes into his at an intersection and Chigurh is injured. He bribes two young witnesses for their silence and flees. Now retired, Bell shares two dreams with his wife. In the first, he lost some money. In the other, he and his father were riding through a snowy mountain pass; the role of Llewelyn Moss was offered to Heath Ledger, but he turned it down to spend time with his newborn daughter Matilda. Garret Dillahunt was in the running for the role of Llewelyn Moss, auditioning five times for the role, but instead was offered the part
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor and producer. Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles – lowlifes, eccentrics and misfits – Hoffman acted in many films from the early 1990s until his death in 2014. Drawn to theater as a teenager, Hoffman studied acting at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, he began his screen career in a 1991 episode of Law & Order and started to appear in films in 1992. He gained recognition for his supporting work, notably in Scent of a Woman, Boogie Nights, Patch Adams, The Big Lebowski, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Almost Famous, Punch-Drunk Love, Along Came Polly, he began to play leading roles, for his portrayal of the author Truman Capote in Capote, won multiple accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hoffman's profile continued to grow, he received three more Oscar nominations for his supporting work as a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson's War, a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt, the charismatic leader of a Scientology-type movement in The Master.
While he worked in independent films, including The Savages and Synecdoche, New York, Hoffman appeared in Flawless, Hollywood blockbusters such as Twister and Mission: Impossible III, in one of his final roles, as Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games series. The feature Jack Goes Boating marked his debut as a filmmaker. Hoffman was an accomplished theater actor and director, he joined the off-Broadway LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, where he directed and appeared in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays – True West in 2000, Long Day's Journey into Night in 2003, Death of a Salesman in 2012 – all led to Tony Award nominations. Hoffman struggled with drug addiction as a young adult and relapsed in 2013 after many years of abstinence. In February 2014, he died of combined drug intoxication. Remembered for his fearlessness in playing reprehensible characters, for bringing depth and humanity to such roles, Hoffman was described in his New York Times obituary as "perhaps the most ambitious and admired American actor of his generation".
Hoffman was born on July 1967, in the Rochester suburb of Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor, came from nearby Waterloo and worked as an elementary school teacher before becoming a lawyer and a family court judge, his father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, of German descent, was a native of Geneva, New York, worked for the Xerox Corporation. Along with one brother, Hoffman has two sisters and Emily. Hoffman was baptized a Roman Catholic and attended Mass as a child, but did not have a religious upbringing, his parents divorced when he was nine, the children were raised by their mother. Hoffman's childhood passion was sports wrestling and baseball, but at age 12, he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller's All My Sons and was transfixed, he recalled. It was like a miracle to me". Hoffman developed a love for the theater, proceeded to attend with his mother, a lifelong enthusiast, he remembered that productions of Quilters and Alms for the Middle Class, the latter starring a teenaged Robert Downey, Jr. were particularly inspirational.
At the age of 14, Hoffman suffered a neck injury that ended his sporting activity, he began to consider acting. Encouraged by his mother, he joined a drama club, committed to it because he was attracted to a female member. Acting became a passion for Hoffman: "I loved the camaraderie of it, the people, that's when I decided it was what I wanted to do." At the age of 17, he was selected to attend the 1984 New York State Summer School of the Arts in Saratoga Springs, where he met his future collaborators Bennett Miller and Dan Futterman. Miller commented on Hoffman's popularity at the time: "We were attracted to the fact that he was genuinely serious about what he was doing, he was passionate." Hoffman applied for several drama degree programs and was accepted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Between starting on the program and graduating from Fairport High School, he continued his training at the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program. Hoffman had positive memories of his time at NYU.
With friends, he co-founded the Bullstoi Ensemble acting troupe. He received a drama degree in 1989. After graduating, Hoffman worked in off-Broadway theater and made additional money with customer service jobs, he made his screen debut in 1991, in a Law & Order episode called "The Violence of Summer", playing a man accused of rape. His first cinema role came the following year, when he was credited as "Phil Hoffman" in the independent film Triple Bogey on a Par Five Hole. After this, he adopted Seymour, to avoid confusion with another actor. More film roles promptly followed, with appearances in the studio production My New Gun, a small role in the comedy Leap of Faith, starring Steve Martin. Following these roles, he gained attention playing a spoiled student in the Oscar-winning Al Pacino film Scent of a Woman. Hoffman auditioned five times for his role, which The Guardian journalist Ryan Gilbey says gave him an early opportunity "to indulge his skill for making unctuousness compelling"; the film was the first to get Hoffman noticed.
Reflecting on Scent of a Woman, Hoffman late
Robert Ford (outlaw)
Robert Newton Ford was an American outlaw best known for killing his gang leader Jesse James in April 1882, to collect a reward and a promised amnesty for past crimes. For about a year and his older brother Charles performed paid re-enactments of the killing at publicity events, he drifted around the West, operating saloons and dance halls. Ford was shot to death at the age of 30 in Creede, Colorado, by Edward Capehart O'Kelley, who attacked him in Ford's temporary tent saloon. Ford was first buried in Creede, his remains were exhumed and reburied in the Richmond Cemetery in Richmond, Ray County, Missouri. Robert Ford was born in Ray County, Missouri, he was his wife, the former Mary Bruin. As a young man, Robert became an admirer of Jesse James for his Civil War record and criminal exploits. In 1880, at the age of 18, he met James. Ford's brother Charles is believed to have taken part in the James-Younger gang's Blue Cut train robbery in Jackson County, west of Glendale, Missouri, on September 7, 1881.
In November 1881, after the train robbery, James moved his family to St. Joseph and intended to give up crime; the James gang had been reduced in numbers by that time. After the train robbery, James' brother Frank James had decided to retire from crime and moved East, settling in Lynchburg, Virginia. By the spring of 1882, with his gang depleted by arrests and defections, James thought that he could trust only the Ford brothers. Charles had been out on raids with James before; the Fords resided in St. Joseph with the James family. Hoping to keep the gang alive, James invited the Fords to take part in the robbery of the Platte City Bank in Missouri, but the brothers had decided not to participate. In January 1882, Bob Ford and gang member Dick Liddil had surrendered to Sheriff James Timberlake at their sister Martha Bolton's residence in Ray County, they were brought into a meeting with Crittenden, as they had been around the James' cousin Wood Hite the day Hite was murdered. Crittenden promised Ford a full pardon if he would kill James, by the most wanted criminal in the USA.
Crittenden had made capturing the James brothers his top priority. Barred by law from offering a sufficiently large reward, he had turned to the railroad and express corporations to put up a $5,000 bounty for the delivery of each of them and an additional $5,000 for the conviction of either of them. Living with the James' family, the Fords became part of the daily routine, James' wife cooked for them, they were nervous and bored, looking for opportunity, feeling restless. The confession of Liddil to participating in Hite's murder made the news, pressure began to build around James. On April 3, 1882, after eating breakfast, the Fords and James went into the living room before travelling to Platte City. By reading the daily newspaper, James had just learned of gang member Liddil's confession for participating in Hite's murder and grew suspicious of the Fords for never reporting this matter to him. According to Robert Ford, it became clear to him that James had realized they were there to betray him.
However, instead of scolding the Fords, James walked across the living room to lay his revolvers on a sofa. He turned around and noticed a dusty picture above the mantel, stood on a chair in order to clean it. Robert Ford shot James in the back of the head. After the killing, the Fords wired Crittenden to claim their reward, they surrendered themselves to legal authorities but were dismayed to be charged with first degree murder. In one day, the Ford brothers were indicted, pleaded guilty, sentenced to death by hanging, but two hours Crittenden granted them a full pardon. Public opinion turned against the Fords for betraying their gang leader, Bob was seen as a coward and traitor for killing James; this sentiment clashed with the general public opinion at the time of James' death that it had been time for James to be stopped by any means. For a period, Bob earned money by posing for photographs as "the man who killed Jesse James" in dime museums, he appeared on stage with his brother Charles, reenacting the murder in a touring stage show.
Charles, terminally ill with tuberculosis and addicted to morphine, committed suicide on May 4, 1884. Soon afterward, Bob Ford and Dick Liddil relocated to Las Vegas, New Mexico, where they opened a saloon. According to legend, Ford had a shooting contest with Jose Chavez y Chavez, a comrade-in-arms of Billy the Kid's during the Lincoln County War. Ford left town. On December 26, 1889, Ford survived an assassination attempt in Kansas City, Kansas when an assailant tried to slit his throat. Within a few years, Ford settled in Colorado; when silver was found in Creede, Ford opened one there. On the eve of Easter 1892, Ford and gunman Joe Palmer, a member of the Soapy Smith gang, were drinking in the local saloons and went outside and shot out windows and street lamps along Creede's Main Street. Ford on May 29, 1892 opened Ford's Exchange, said to have been a dance hall. Six days the entire business district, including Ford's Exchange, burned to
Thaddeus Stevens was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s. A fierce opponent of slavery and discrimination against African-Americans, Stevens sought to secure their rights during Reconstruction, in opposition to U. S. President Andrew Johnson; as chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee during the American Civil War, he played a leading role, focusing his attention on defeating the Confederacy, financing the war with new taxes and borrowing, crushing the power of slave owners, ending slavery, securing equal rights for the Freedmen. Stevens was born in rural Vermont, in poverty, with a club foot, which left him with a permanent limp, he moved to Pennsylvania as a young man and became a successful lawyer in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He interested himself in municipal affairs, in politics, he was elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, where he became a strong advocate of free public education.
Financial setbacks in 1842 caused him to move his home and practice to the larger city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. There, he joined the Whig Party, was elected to Congress in 1848, his activities as a lawyer and politician in opposition to slavery cost him votes and he did not seek reelection in 1852. After a brief flirtation with the Know-Nothing Party, Stevens joined the newly formed Republican Party, was elected to Congress again in 1858. There, with fellow radicals such as Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner, he opposed the expansion of slavery and concessions to the South as war came. Stevens argued. S. President Abraham Lincoln to support his position, he guided the government's financial legislation through the House as Means chairman. As the war progressed towards a northern victory, Stevens came to believe that not only should slavery be abolished, but that African-Americans should be given a stake in the South's future through the confiscation of land from planters to be distributed to the freedmen.
His plans were not enacted. After the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April 1865, Stevens came into conflict with the new president, who sought rapid restoration of the seceded states without guarantees for freedmen; the difference in views caused an ongoing battle between Johnson and Congress, with Stevens leading the Radical Republicans. After gains in the 1866 election the radicals took control of Reconstruction away from Johnson. Stevens's last great battle was to secure in the House articles of impeachment against Johnson, though the Senate did not convict the President. Historiographical views of Stevens have shifted over the years, from the early 20th-century view of Stevens as reckless and motivated by hatred of the white South, to the perspective of the neoabolitionists of the 1950s and afterwards, who applauded him for his egalitarian views. Stevens was born in Danville, Vermont, on April 4, 1792, he was the second of four children, all boys, was named to honor the Polish general who served in the American Revolution, Thaddeus Kościuszko.
His parents were Baptists who had emigrated from Massachusetts around 1786. Thaddeus was born with a club foot, at the time seen as a judgment from God for secret parental sin—and his older brother was born with the condition in both feet; the boys' father, Joshua Stevens, was a farmer and cobbler who struggled to make a living in Vermont. After fathering two more sons Joshua abandoned his wife Sarah; the circumstances of his departure and his subsequent fate are uncertain. Sarah Stevens struggled to make a living from the farm, with the increasing aid of her sons, she was determined that her sons improve themselves, in 1807 moved the family to the neighboring town of Peacham, where she enrolled young Thaddeus in the Caledonia Grammar School. He suffered much from the taunts of his classmates for his disability. Accounts describe him there as "wilful, headstrong" with "an overwhelming burning desire to secure an education."After graduation, he enrolled at the University of Vermont but suspended his studies due to the federal government's appropriation of campus buildings during the War of 1812.
Stevens enrolled in the sophomore class at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. At Dartmouth, despite a stellar academic career, he was not elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Stevens graduated from Dartmouth in 1814, was chosen as a speaker at the commencement ceremony. Afterwards, he returned to Peacham and taught there. Stevens began to study law with John Mattocks. In early 1815, correspondence with friend Samuel Merrill, a fellow Vermonter who had moved to York, Pennsylvania to become preceptor of the local academy, led to an offer for Stevens to join the academy faculty, he moved to York to teach, continued to study of law in the offices of David Cossett. In Pennsylvania, Stevens continued his studies for the bar. Local lawyers passed a resolution barring from membership anyone who had "followed any other profession while preparing for admission," a restriction aimed at Stevens. Undaunted, he presented himself and four bottles of Madeira wine to the examining board in nearby Harford County and few questions were asked but much wine drunk.
He left Bel Air the next morning with a cer
Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones is an American actor and filmmaker. He has received four Academy Award nominations, winning Best Supporting Actor for his performance as U. S. Marshal Samuel Gerard in the 1993 thriller film The Fugitive, his other notable starring roles include Texas Ranger Woodrow F. Call in the TV miniseries Lonesome Dove, Agent K in the Men in Black film series, Sheriff Ed Tom Bell in No Country for Old Men, the villain Two-Face in Batman Forever, terrorist William "Bill" Strannix in Under Siege, Texas Ranger Roland Sharp in Man of the House, rancher Pete Perkins in The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada, which he directed, Colonel Chester Phillips in Captain America: The First Avenger, CIA Director Robert Dewey in Jason Bourne, Warden Dwight McClusky in Natural Born Killers. Jones has portrayed real-life figures such as businessman Howard Hughes in The Amazing Howard Hughes, Radical Republican Congressman Thaddeus Stevens in Lincoln, executed murderer Gary Gilmore in The Executioner's Song, U.
S. Army General Douglas MacArthur in Emperor, Oliver Lynn, husband of Loretta Lynn, in Coal Miner's Daughter, baseball great Ty Cobb in Cobb. Early in his career, Jones first gained recognition for his contract role as Dr. Mark Toland on the soap opera One Life to Live for six years. Jones was born on September 1946, in San Saba, Texas, his mother, Lucille Marie, was a police officer, school teacher, beauty shop owner, his father, Clyde C. Jones, was an oil field worker; the two were divorced twice. He has said, he was raised in Midland and attended Robert E. Lee High School. Jones soon moved to Dallas and graduated from the St. Mark's School of Texas in 1965, which he attended on scholarship, he attended Harvard College on a need-based scholarship. He stayed in Mower B-12 across the hall from future Vice President Al Gore; as an upperclassman, he stayed in Dunster House with roommates Gore and Bob Somerby, who became editor of the media criticism site the Daily Howler. Jones graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts in English in 1969.
Jones played offensive guard on Harvard's undefeated 1968 varsity football team, was nominated as a first-team All-Ivy League selection, played in the 1968 Game, which featured a memorable and last-minute Harvard 16-point comeback to tie Yale. He recounts his memory of "the most famous football game in Ivy League history" in the documentary Harvard Beats Yale 29-29. Jones moved to New York to become an actor, making his Broadway debut in 1969's A Patriot for Me in a number of supporting roles. In 1970, he landed his first film role. In early 1971, he returned to Broadway in Abe Burrows' Four on a Garden where he shared the stage with Carol Channing and Sid Caesar. Between 1971 and 1975 he portrayed Dr. Mark Toland on the ABC soap opera, he returned to the stage for a 1974 production of Ulysses in Nighttown with Zero Mostel. It was followed by the acclaimed TV movie The Amazing Howard Hughes. In films, he played an escaped convict hunted in Jackson County Jail, a Vietnam veteran in Rolling Thunder, an automobile mogul, co-starring with Laurence Olivier in the Harold Robbins drama The Betsy, Police Detective'John Neville' opposite Faye Dunaway in the 1978 thriller Eyes of Laura Mars.
In 1980, Jones earned his first Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of country singer Loretta Lynn's husband, Doolittle "Mooney" Lynn, in the popular Coal Miner's Daughter. In 1981, he played a drifter opposite Sally Field in Back Roads, a comedy that received middling reviews. In 1983, he received an Emmy for Best Actor for his performance as murderer Gary Gilmore in a TV adaptation of Norman Mailer's The Executioner's Song; that same year he starred in a pirate adventure and Hayes, playing the bearded pirate Captain Bully Hayes. In 1989, he earned another Emmy nomination for his portrayal of Texas Ranger Woodrow F. Call in the acclaimed television mini-series Lonesome Dove, based on the best-seller by Larry McMurtry. In the 1990s, blockbuster hits such as The Fugitive co-starring Harrison Ford, Batman Forever co-starring Val Kilmer, Men in Black with Will Smith made Jones one of the best-paid and most in-demand actors in Hollywood, his performance as Deputy U. S. Marshal Samuel Gerard in The Fugitive received broad acclaim and an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and a sequel.
When he accepted his Oscar, his head was shaved for his role in the film Cobb, which he made light of in his speech: "The only thing a man can say at a time like this is'I am not bald'. I'm lucky to be working". Among his other well-known performances during the 1990s were those of the accused conspirator Clay Shaw/Clay Bertrand in the 1991 film JFK, as a terrorist who hijacks a U. S. Navy battleship in Under Siege and as a maximum-security prison warden who's in way over his head in Natural Born Killers, he played the role of "Reverend" Roy Foltrigg in the 1994 film The Client. Jones co-starred with director Clint Eastwood as astronauts in the 2000 film Space Cowboys, in which both played retired pilots and friends/rivals leading a space rescue mission together. In 2005, the first theatrical feature film Jones directed, The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada, was presented at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. Jones's charact
The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford
The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is a 2007 American revisionist Western film written and directed by Andrew Dominik. Adapted from Ron Hansen's 1983 novel of the same name, the film dramatizes the relationship between Jesse James and Robert Ford, focusing on the events that lead up to the titular killing. Filming took place near Calgary and Edmonton, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Intended for a 2006 release, it was postponed and re-edited for a September 21, 2007 release date. In 1881, starstruck Robert "Bob" Ford seeks out Jesse James when the James gang is planning a train robbery in Blue Cut, making unsuccessful attempts to join the gang with the help of his older brother Charley a member; the train turns out to be carrying only a fraction of the money thought, Frank James tells Charley Ford that this robbery would be the last the James brothers would commit. Jesse returns home to Kansas City, bringing Dick Liddil and his cousin, Wood Hite. Jesse sends Charley and Dick away, but insists that Bob stay.
He wanted the younger man just for his help in moving furniture to a new home in St. Joseph, Missouri. Bob becomes more admiring of James before being sent back to the farmhouse of his widowed sister, Martha Bolton, where he rejoins his brother Charley and Liddil. Liddil reveals to Bob that he is in collusion with another member of the James gang, Jim Cummins, to capture Jesse for a substantial bounty. Meanwhile, Jesse visits Ed Miller, who gives away information on Cummins' plot. Jesse kills Miller departs with Liddil to hunt down Cummins. Unable to locate him, Jesse viciously beats a young cousin of Bob and Charley. Liddil returns to the Bolton farmhouse, argues with Hite, which ends with Bob Ford killing Hite, they dump his body in the woods to conceal the murder from Jesse. Jesse and Charley Ford travel to St. Joseph where Jesse learns of Hite's disappearance, which Charley denies knowing anything about. Meanwhile, Bob goes to Kansas City Police Commissioner Henry Craig, saying he knows Jesse James' whereabouts.
To prove his allegiance with the James gang, Bob urges Craig to arrest Dick Liddil. Following Liddil's arrest and confession to participation in numerous gang robberies, Bob brokers a deal with the Governor of Missouri, Thomas T. Crittenden, he is given ten days to capture or kill Jesse James, promised a substantial bounty and full pardon for murder. Charley persuades Jesse to take Bob Ford into the gang. Introduced as cousins to the Howards, they stay with the family, including Zee James and their two children. Jesse wants to revive his gang beginning with the Platte City bank. On the morning of April 3, 1882, Jesse and the Ford brothers prepare to depart for the robbery. Jesse reads in confessions of Liddil. While the three men are in the living room, Jesse removes his gun belt and climbs a chair to clean a dusty picture. Bob flees with Charley, they send a telegram to the governor to announce Jesse's death, for which they were to receive $10,000. However, they never receive more than $500 each.
After the killing, the Fords become celebrities, touring with a theatre show in Manhattan in which they re-enact the shooting, but people soon dislike that Bob shot Jesse, unarmed, in the back. Guilt-stricken, Charley writes numerous letters to Zee James asking for her forgiveness, but does not send them. Suffering from terminal tuberculosis, he commits suicide in May 1884. Bob works around the West. On June 8, 1892, Bob is murdered at his saloon in Creede, Colorado. O'Kelley is sentenced to life in prison, but Colorado Governor James Bradley Orman pardons him after ten years in 1902. Ron Hansen made a cameo as a frontier reporter. In March 2004, Warner Bros. and Plan B Entertainment acquired feature film rights to Ron Hansen's 1983 novel The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford. Andrew Dominik was hired to direct the film adaptation. Pitt was considered to portray Jesse James; the role of Ford was between Affleck and Shia LaBeouf. Bill Clinton's presidential campaign strategist James Carville was selected to play the Governor of Missouri.
By January 2005, Pitt was cast, filming began on August 29, 2005 in Calgary. Filming took place in other parts of Alberta, including McKinnon Flats, Heritage Park, the Fairmont Palliser Hotel, the Kananaskis area, several private ranches and the historical Fort Edmonton Park; the historical town of Creede, Colorado was recreated at a cost of $1 million near Goat Creek in Alberta. Filming took place in Winnipeg in the city's historic Exchange District; the film was edited by director Dominik to be "a dark, contemplative examination of fame and infamy," similar to the style of director Terrence Malick. The studio opposed Dominik's approach, preferring more action. One version of the film had a running time of more than three hours. Pitt and Ridley Scott, producers of the film, editors Dylan Tichenor and Michael Kahn (who was brought in for several weeks as the stud
Andrew Russell Garfield is a British-American actor. He is the recipient of several accolades, including a Tony Award, has been nominated for an Academy Award and two competitive British Academy Film Awards. Born in Los Angeles and raised in Epsom, Garfield began his career on the UK stage and in television productions, he made his feature-film debut in the 2007 ensemble drama Lions for Lambs. That year, his performance in the television film Boy A earned him a British Academy Television Award for Best Actor, he came to international attention in 2010 with supporting roles in the drama The Social Network, for which he received Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations for his portrayal of Eduardo Saverin, the science fiction romance Never Let Me Go. Garfield subsequently gained wider recognition for playing the titular superhero in the 2012 superhero film The Amazing Spider-Man and its 2014 sequel. In 2016, Garfield starred in Hacksaw Ridge and Silence, his portrayal of Desmond T. Doss in the former earned him nominations for the Academy Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actor.
On stage, Garfield has played Biff in a 2012 Broadway revival of Arthur Miller's play Death of a Salesman, which earned him a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actor in a Play. In 2017, he starred as Prior Walter in a production of Angels in America at the Royal National Theatre in London, a role for which he was nominated for an Olivier Award for Best Actor, he reprised the role on Broadway in 2018, for which he received the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play. Garfield was born in California, his mother, Lynn, is from Essex and his father, Richard Garfield, is from California. Garfield's paternal grandparents were from the United Kingdom. Garfield's parents moved the family from Los Angeles to the UK when he was three years old and was brought up in Epsom, Surrey. Garfield's father is Jewish, his paternal grandparents were from Jewish immigrant families who moved to London from Poland and Romania, the family surname was "Garfinkel". Garfield's parents ran a small interior design business.
His mother is a teaching assistant at a nursery school, his father became head coach of the Guildford City Swimming Club. He has an older brother, a doctor. Garfield was a gymnast and a swimmer during his early years, was an avid philatelist, he had intended to study business but became interested in acting at the age of sixteen when a friend convinced him to take Theatre Studies at A-level as they were one pupil short of being able to run the class. Garfield attended Priory Preparatory School in Banstead and City of London Freemen's School in Ashtead, before training at the Central School of Speech and Drama, University of London. Garfield began taking acting classes in Guildford, when he was 9, appeared in a youth theatre production of Bugsy Malone, he joined a small youth theatre workshop group in Epsom and took Theatre Studies at A-level before studying for a further 3 years at a UK conservatoire, the Central School of Speech and Drama. Upon graduating in 2004 he began working in stage acting.
In 2004 he won a Manchester Evening News Theatre Award for Best Newcomer for his performance in Kes at Manchester's Royal Exchange Theatre, won the Outstanding Newcomer Award at the 2006 Evening Standard Theatre Awards. Garfield made his British television debut in 2005 appearing in the Channel 4 teen drama Sugar Rush. In 2007 he garnered public attention when he appeared in the series 3 of the BBC's Doctor Who, in the episodes "Daleks in Manhattan" and "Evolution of the Daleks". Garfield commented. In October 2007, he was named one of Variety's "10 Actors to Watch", he made his American film debut in November 2007, playing an American university student in the ensemble drama Lions for Lambs, with co-stars Tom Cruise, Meryl Streep and Robert Redford. "I'm just lucky to be there working on the same project as them, although I don't expect to be recognised by audiences," Garfield told Variety in 2007. In his review for The Boston Globe, Wesley Morris considered Garfield's work "a willing punching bag for the movie's jabs and low blows".
In the Channel 4 drama Boy A, released in November 2007, he portrayed a notorious killer trying to find new life after prison. The role garnered him the 2008 British Academy Television Award for Best Actor. Amy Biancolli of the Houston Chronicle wrote that "there is no doubt about the intelligence and sensitivity" of Garfield's portrayal. Minneapolis Star Tribune's Christy DeSmith echoed Biancolli's sentiment, citing his "detailed expressions" as an example. Writing in The Seattle Times, John Hartl noted that Garfield demonstrated range in the role, concluded: "Garfield always manages to capture his passion". Joe Morgenstern, the critic for The Wall Street Journal, dubbed Garfield's performance "phenomenal", assessing that he "makes room for the many and various pieces of Jack's personality". In 2008, he had a minor role in the film The Other Boleyn Girl, was named one of the shooting stars at the Berlin International Film Festival. In 2009, Garfield held supporting roles in the Terry Gilliam film The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus and the Red Riding television trilogy.
Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times thought that Garfield gave a stand out performance in the latter. In 2010, Garfield co-starred opposite Carey Mulligan and Keira Knightley in Mark Romanek's dystopian science fiction drama Never Let Me Go, an adaptation of Kazuo Ishiguro's 200