A leprechaun is a type of fairy of the Aos Sí in Irish folklore. They are depicted as little bearded men, wearing a coat and hat, who partake in mischief, they are solitary creatures who spend their time making and mending shoes and have a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. If captured by a human, they grant three wishes in exchange for their freedom. Like other Irish fairies, leprechauns may be derived from the Tuatha Dé Danann. Leprechaun-like creatures appear in Irish mythology and only became prominent in folklore; the name leprechaun is derived from the Irish word leipreachán, defined by Patrick Dinneen as "a pigmy, a sprite, or leprechaun". The further derivation is less certain; the root corp, borrowed from the Latin corpus, attests to the early influence of Ecclesiastical Latin on the Irish language. The alternative spelling leithbrágan stems from a folk etymology deriving the word from leith and bróg, because of the frequent portrayal of the leprechaun as working on a single shoe.
Alternative spellings in English have included lubrican and lepreehawn. Some modern Irish books use the spelling lioprachán; the first recorded instance of the word in the English language was in Dekker's comedy The Honest Whore, Part 2: "As for your Irish lubrican, that spirit / Whom by preposterous charms thy lust hath rais'd / In a wrong circle." The earliest known reference to the leprechaun appears in the medieval tale known as the Echtra Fergus mac Léti. The text contains an episode in which Fergus mac Léti, King of Ulster, falls asleep on the beach and wakes to find himself being dragged into the sea by three lúchorpáin, he captures his abductors. The leprechaun is said to be a solitary creature, whose principal occupation is making and mending shoes, who enjoys practical jokes. According to William Butler Yeats, the great wealth of these fairies comes from the "treasure-crocks, buried of old in war-time", which they have uncovered and appropriated. According to David Russell McAnally the leprechaun is the son of an "evil spirit" and a "degenerate fairy" and is "not wholly good nor wholly evil".
The leprechaun had a different appearance depending on where in Ireland he was found. Prior to the 20th century, it was held that the leprechaun wore red, not green. Samuel Lover, writing in 1831, describes the leprechaun as... quite a beau in his dress, for he wears a red square-cut coat, richly laced with gold, inexpressible of the same, cocked hat and buckles. According to Yeats, the solitary fairies, like the leprechaun, wear red jackets, whereas the "trooping fairies" wear green; the leprechaun's jacket has seven rows of buttons with seven buttons to each row. On the western coast, he writes, the red jacket is covered by a frieze one, in Ulster the creature wears a cocked hat, when he is up to anything unusually mischievous, he leaps on to a wall and spins, balancing himself on the point of the hat with his heels in the air."According to McAnally He is about three feet high, is dressed in a little red jacket or roundabout, with red breeches buckled at the knee, gray or black stockings, a hat, cocked in the style of a century ago, over a little, withered face.
Round his neck is an Elizabethan ruff, frills of lace are at his wrists. On the wild west coast, where the Atlantic winds bring constant rains, he dispenses with ruff and frills and wears a frieze overcoat over his pretty red suit, so that, unless on the lookout for the cocked hat, ye might pass a Leprechawn on the road and never know it's himself that's in it at all; this dress could vary by region, however. In McAnally's account there were differences between leprechauns or Logherymans from different regions: The Northern Leprechaun or Logheryman wore a "military red coat and white breeches, with a broad-brimmed, pointed hat, on which he would sometimes stand upside down"; the Lurigadawne of Tipperary wore an "antique slashed jacket of red, with peaks all round and a jockey cap sporting a sword, which he uses as a magic wand". The Luricawne of Kerry was a "fat, pursy little fellow whose jolly round face rivals in redness the cut-a-way jacket he wears, that always has seven rows of seven buttons in each row".
The Cluricawne of Monaghan wore "a swallow-tailed evening coat of red with green vest, white breeches, black stockings," shiny shoes, a "long cone hat without a brim," sometimes used as a weapon. In a poem entitled The Lepracaun. A wrinkled, wizen'd, bearded Elf, Spectacles stuck on his pointed nose, Silver buckles to his hose, Leather apron — shoe in his lap... The modern image of the leprechaun sitting on a toadstool, having a red beard and green hat, etc. is more modern invention or borrowed from other strands of European folklore. The leprechaun is related to the far darrig in that he is a solitary creature; some writers go as far as to substitute these second two less well-known spirits for the leprechaun in stories or tales to reach a wider audience. The clurichaun is considered by some to be a leprechaun on a drinking spree. In the politics of the Republic of Ireland, leprechauns have been used to refer to the twee aspects of the tourist industry in Ireland; this can be seen from this example of John A. Costello addressing the Oireachtas in 1963: "For many years, we were afflicted with the miserable trivialit
1946 in music
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1946. 1946 in British music 1946 in Norwegian music 1946 in country music 1946 in jazz January 6 – A somewhat revised and streamlined revival of Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre, the same theatre at which the original production played back in 1927. This production features newly designed sets and costumes, more extended choreography, a new song, Nobody Else But Me, by Kern and Hammerstein. February – Kathleen Ferrier's recording contract with Columbia Records expires, she transfers to Decca. August – Singer Doris Day leaves Les Brown's band and begins her solo career. September 11 – The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra holds its first rehearsal. Formation of Bamberg Symphony and Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestras. Al Jolson rerecords his old hits for the soundtrack of his Columbia biopic The Jolson Story, becomes a superstar to the post-war generation as well B. B. King begins working as a professional musician in Memphis, Tennessee.
Chet Atkins makes his first appearance at the Grand Ole Opry. Georgia Gibbs signs with the Majestic label. Bill Haley's professional musical career begins as a member of The Down Homers, his earliest known recordings are made during a Down Homers radio performance, but will not be released until 2006. John Serry Sr. appears as the featured accordion soloist on the Gordon MacRae radio hit Star of Stars. Annie Get Your Gun – Original Broadway Cast Show Boat – Original Broadway Cast Frank Sinatra Conducts the Music of Alec Wilder – Frank Sinatra Lombardoland – Guy Lombardo Louis Jordan And His Tympany Five – Louis Jordan Manhattan Tower – Gordon Jenkins The Voice of Frank Sinatra – Frank Sinatra Merry Christmas Music – Perry Como What We So Proudly Hail – Bing Crosby Favorite Hawaiian Songs, Vol. One – Bing Crosby Favorite Hawaiian Songs, Vol. Two – Bing Crosby Blue Skies – Bing Crosby Don't Fence Me In – Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the limited set of charts available for 1946.
"A Fine Romance" by Martha Tilton and Johnny Mercer "Aren't You Glad You're You?" by Les Brown & His Orchestra featuring Doris Day "Candy" by Johnny Mercer, Jo Stafford & the Pied Pipers "Choo Choo Ch' Boogie" by Louis Jordan & his Tympany Five "The Christmas Song" by the King Cole Trio "The Coffee Song" by Frank Sinatra "Coming Home" by Dorothy Squires "Day By Day" by Frank Sinatra "Doin' What Comes Natur'lly" by Dinah Shore with Spade Cooley & his Orchestra "Five Minutes More", recorded by Frank Sinatra Tex Beneke-Glenn Miller Orchestra with vocal by Tex Beneke "Fools Rush In" by Jo Stafford " For Sentimental Reasons" by the King Cole Trio "The Gypsy", recorded by The Ink Spots Dinah Shore "Hawaiian War Chant" by Spike Jones & his City Slickers "Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop", recorded by Lionel Hampton & his Orchestra Tex Beneke-Glenn Miller Orchestra with vocal by Tex Beneke "Huggin' And Chalkin' " by Hoagy Carmichael "I Don't Know Enough About You" by Peggy Lee "I Dream Of You" by Archie Lewis and The Geraldo Strings "I Get A Kick Out Of You" by Margaret Whiting "I Got The Sun In The Morning by Les Brown & His Orchestra featuring Doris Day "I'll Be With You In Apple Blossom Time" by Jo Stafford "I'm A Big Girl Now" by Sammy Kaye & his Orchestra with vocal by Betty Barclay "I'm Always Chasing Rainbows" by Perry Como "Laughing On The Outside", recorded by Dinah Shore Andy Russell Sammy Kaye & his Orchestra with vocal by Billy Williams "Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow", recorded by Vaughn Monroe & his Orchestra with vocal by Vaughn Monroe Woody Herman and his Orchestra with vocal by Woody Herman "Oh What It Seemed To Be", recorded by Frankie Carle & his Orchestra with vocal by Marjorie Hughes Frank Sinatra Charlie Spivak & his Orchestra with vocal by Jimmy Saunders Dick Haymes & Helen Forrest "The Old Lamplighter", recorded by Kay Kyser & his Orchestra with vocal by Mike Douglas Hal Derwin & his Orchestra Sammy Kaye & his Orchestra with vocal by Billy Williams "Ole Buttermilk Sky", recorded by Hoagy Carmichael Helen Carroll and the Satisfiers Paul Weston & his Orchestra with vocal by Matt Dennis Kay Kyser & his Orchestra with vocal by Michael Douglas & the Campus Kids "One-Zy Two-Zy", recorded by Freddy Martin & his Orchestra with vocal by The Martin Men Phil Harris "Personality" by Johnny Mercer & The Pied Pipers "Petit Papa Noël" by Tino Rossi "Pretending" by Andy Russell "Prisoner of Love", recorded by The Ink Spots Perry Como "Rumors Are Flying", recorded by Frankie Carle & his Orchestra with vocal by Marjorie Hughes Andrews Sisters with Les Paul Betty Rhodes Tony Martin "Shoo Fly Pie and Apple Pan Dowdy", recorded by Stan Kenton & his Orchestra with vocal by June Christy Dinah Shore "Sioux City Sue" by Bing Crosby and The Jesters "South America, Take It Away", recorded by Xavier Cugat & his Orchestra with vocal by Buddy Clark Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters "Stone Cold Dead In The Market" by Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Jordan "Surrender" by Perry Como "Symphony", recorded by Freddy Martin & his Orchestra with vocal by Clyde Rogers Benny Goodman & his Orchestra with vocal by Liza Morrow Bing Crosby Jo Stafford "Take the A Train" by Duke Ellington "The Things We Did Last Summer", recorded by Jo Stafford Frank Sinatra Oscar Peterson Vaughn Monroe "They Say It's Wonderful", recorded by Perry Como Frank Sinatra "To Each His Own", recorded by Eddy Howard Tony Martin The Modernaires with Paula Kelly The Ink Spots Freddy Martin & his Orchestra with vocal by Stuart Wade "We'll Gather Lilacs" by Geraldo and his Orchestra "Winter Wonderland" by Perry Como "You Won't Be Satisfied" by Les Brown & his Orchestra with vocal by Doris Day "You're The Top" by Paul Whiteman and
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records. Artists who have recorded for Columbia include Harry Styles, AC/DC, Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, Beyoncé, Dave Brubeck, The Byrds, Johnny Cash, Mariah Carey, The Chainsmokers, The Clash, Miles Davis, Rosemary Clooney, Neil Diamond, Celine Dion, Bob Dylan, Wind & Fire, Duke Ellington, 50 Cent, Erroll Garner, Benny Goodman, Adelaide Hall, Billy Joel, Janis Joplin, John Mayer, George Michael, Billy Murray, Pink Floyd, Lil Nas X, Frank Sinatra and Garfunkel, Bessie Smith, Bruce Springsteen, Barbra Streisand, Andy Williams, Pharrell Williams, Bill Withers, Paul Whiteman, Joe Zawinul The Columbia Phonograph Company was founded in 1887 by stenographer and New Jersey native Edward D. Easton and a group of investors.
It derived its name from the District of Columbia. At first it had a local monopoly on sales and service of Edison phonographs and phonograph cylinders in Washington, D. C. Maryland, Delaware; as was the custom of some of the regional phonograph companies, Columbia produced many commercial cylinder recordings of its own, its catalogue of musical records in 1891 was 10 pages. Columbia's ties to Edison and the North American Phonograph Company were severed in 1894 with the North American Phonograph Company's breakup. Thereafter it sold only phonographs of its own manufacture. In 1902, Columbia introduced a molded brown wax record, to use up old stock. Columbia introduced black wax records in 1903. According to one source, they continued to mold brown waxes until 1904 with the highest number being 32601, "Heinie", a duet by Arthur Collins and Byron G. Harlan; the molded brown waxes may have been sold to Sears for distribution. Columbia began selling disc records and phonographs in addition to the cylinder system in 1901, preceded only by their "Toy Graphophone" of 1899, which used small, vertically cut records.
For a decade, Columbia competed with both the Edison Phonograph Company cylinders and the Victor Talking Machine Company disc records as one of the top three names in American recorded sound. In order to add prestige to its early catalog of artists, Columbia contracted a number of New York Metropolitan Opera stars to make recordings; these stars included Marcella Sembrich, Lillian Nordica, Antonio Scotti and Edouard de Reszke, but the technical standard of their recordings was not considered to be as high as the results achieved with classical singers during the pre–World War I period by Victor, England's His Master's Voice or Italy's Fonotipia Records. After an abortive attempt in 1904 to manufacture discs with the recording grooves stamped into both sides of each disc—not just one—in 1908 Columbia commenced successful mass production of what they called their "Double-Faced" discs, the 10-inch variety selling for 65 cents apiece; the firm introduced the internal-horn "Grafonola" to compete with the popular "Victrola" sold by the rival Victor Talking Machine Company.
During this era, Columbia used the "Magic Notes" logo—a pair of sixteenth notes in a circle—both in the United States and overseas. Columbia stopped recording and manufacturing wax cylinder records in 1908, after arranging to issue celluloid cylinder records made by the Indestructible Record Company of Albany, New York, as "Columbia Indestructible Records". In July 1912, Columbia decided to concentrate on disc records and stopped manufacturing cylinder phonographs, although they continued selling Indestructible's cylinders under the Columbia name for a year or two more. Columbia was split into one to make records and one to make players. Columbia Phonograph was moved to Connecticut, Ed Easton went with it, it was renamed the Dictaphone Corporation. In late 1922, Columbia went into receivership; the company was bought by its English subsidiary, the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1925 and the label, record numbering system, recording process changed. On February 25, 1925, Columbia began recording with the electric recording process licensed from Western Electric.
"Viva-tonal" records set a benchmark in tone and clarity unequaled on commercial discs during the 78-rpm era. The first electrical recordings were made by Art Gillham, the "Whispering Pianist". In a secret agreement with Victor, electrical technology was kept secret to avoid hurting sales of acoustic records. In 1926, Columbia acquired Okeh Records and its growing stable of jazz and blues artists, including Louis Armstrong and Clarence Williams. Columbia had built a catalog of blues and jazz artists, including Bessie Smith in their 14000-D Race series. Columbia had a successful "Hillbilly" series. In 1928, Paul Whiteman, the nation's most popular orchestra leader, left Victor to record for Columbia. During the same year, Columbia executiv
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, in which he has been depicted as a foil for Bugs Bunny. Daffy was one of the first of the new "screwball" characters that emerged in the late 1930s to replace traditional everyman characters who were more popular earlier in the decade, such as Mickey Mouse and Popeye. Daffy starred in 130 shorts in the golden age, making him the third-most frequent character in the Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies cartoons, behind Bugs Bunny's 167 appearances and Porky Pig's 162 appearances; every Warner Bros. cartoon director put his own spin on the Daffy Duck character – he may be a lunatic vigilante in one short but a greedy gloryhound in another. Both Bob Clampett and Chuck Jones made extensive use of these two different variants of Daffy's character. Daffy was number 14 on TV Guide's list of top 50 greatest cartoon characters.
Daffy first appeared in Porky's Duck Hunt, released on April 17, 1937. The cartoon was directed by Tex animated by Bob Clampett. Porky's Duck Hunt is a standard hunter/prey pairing, but Daffy was something new to moviegoers: an assertive unrestrained, combative protagonist. Clampett recalled: "At that time, audiences weren't accustomed to seeing a cartoon character do these things, and so, when it hit the theaters it was an explosion. People would leave the theaters talking about this daffy duck."This early Daffy is less anthropomorphic and resembles a "normal" black duck. In fact, the only aspects of the character that have remained consistent through the years are his voice characterization by Mel Blanc. Blanc's characterization of Daffy once held the world record for the longest characterization of one animated character by his or her original actor: 52 years; the origin of Daffy's voice, with its lateral lisp, is a matter of some debate. One often-repeated "official" story is that it was modeled after producer Leon Schlesinger's tendency to lisp.
However, in Mel Blanc's autobiography, That's Not All Folks!, he contradicts that conventional belief, writing, "It seemed to me that such an extended mandible would hinder his speech on words containing an s sound. Thus'despicable' became'desthpicable.'" Daffy's slobbery, exaggerated lisp was developed over time, it is noticeable in the early cartoons. In Daffy Duck & Egghead, Daffy does not lisp at all except in the separately drawn set-piece of Daffy singing "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down" in which just a slight lisp can be heard. In The Scarlet Pumpernickel, Daffy has a middle name, Dumas as the writer of a swashbuckling script, a nod to Alexandre Dumas. In the Baby Looney Tunes episode "The Tattletale", Granny addresses Daffy as "Daffy Horatio Tiberius Duck". In The Looney Tunes Show, the joke middle names "Armando" and "Sheldon" are used. Tex Avery and Bob Clampett created the original version of Daffy in 1937. Daffy established his status by jumping into the water, hopping around, yelling, "Woo-hoo!
Woo-hoo! Woo-hoo! Woo-hoo! Woo-hoo!" Animator Bob Clampett seized upon the Daffy Duck character and cast him in a series of cartoons in the 1930s and 1940s. The early Daffy is a wild and zany screwball, perpetually bouncing around the screen with cries of "Hoo-hoo! Hoo-hoo!" Clampett physically redesigned the character, making him taller and lankier and rounding out his feet and bill. He was paired with Porky Pig. Daffy would feature in several war-themed shorts during World War II. Daffy always stays true to his unbridled nature, however. Daffy was "drafted" as a mascot for the 600th Bombardment Squadron. For Daffy Doodles, Robert McKimson tamed Daffy a bit, redesigning him yet again to be rounder and less elastic; the studio instilled some of Bugs Bunny's savvy into the duck, making him as brilliant with his mouth as he was with his battiness. Daffy was teamed up with Porky Pig. Arthur Davis, who directed Warner Bros. cartoon shorts for a few years in the late 1940s until upper management decreed there should be only three units, presented a Daffy similar to McKimson's.
McKimson is noted as the last of the three units to make his Daffy uniform with Jones', with late shorts, such as Don't Axe Me, featuring traits of the "screwball" Daffy. While Daffy's looney days were over, McKimson continued to make him as bad or good as his various roles required him to be. McKimson would use this Daffy from 1946 to 1961. Friz Freleng's version took a hint from Chuck Jones to make the duck more sympathetic, as in the 1957 Show Biz Bugs. Here, Daffy is over-emotional and jealous of Bugs, yet he has real talent, ignored by the theater manager and the crowd; this cartoon finishes with a sequence in which Daffy attempts to wow the Bugs-besotted audience with an act in which he drinks gasoline and swallows nitroglycerine and uranium-238, jumps up and down to "shake well" and swallows a lit match that detonates the whole improbable mixture. When Bugs tells Daffy that the audience loves the act an
The saxophone is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. Although most saxophones are made from brass, they are categorized as woodwind instruments, because sound is produced by an oscillating reed, traditionally made out of woody cane, rather than lips vibrating in a mouthpiece cup as with the brass instrument family; as with the other woodwinds, the pitch of the note being played is controlled by covering holes in the body tube to control the resonant frequency of the air column by changing the effective length of the tube. The saxophone is used in classical music, military bands, marching bands and contemporary music; the saxophone is used as a solo and melody instrument or as a member of a horn section in some styles of rock and roll and popular music. Saxophone players are called saxophonists. Since the first saxophone was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in the early 1840s, saxophones have been produced in a variety of series distinguished by transpositions within instrument sets and tuning standard.
Sax patented the saxophone on June 1846, in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted in alternating transposition; the series pitched in B♭ and E♭ soon became dominant and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. Instruments from the series pitched in C and F never gained a foothold and constituted only a small percentage of instruments made by Sax. High Pitch saxophones tuned sharper than the A = 440 Hz standard were produced into the early twentieth century for sonic qualities suited for outdoor uses, but are not playable to modern tuning and are considered obsolete. Low Pitch saxophones are equivalent in tuning to modern instruments. C soprano and C melody saxophones were produced for the casual market as parlor instruments during the early twentieth century. Saxophones in F never gained acceptance; the modern saxophone family consists of instruments in the B♭ - E♭ series and experimental instruments notwithstanding. The saxophones with widest use and availability are the sopranos, altos and baritones.
In the keyed ranges of the various saxophones, the pitch is controlled by keys with shallow cups in which are fastened leather pads that seal toneholes, controlling the resonant length, thereby frequency, of the air column within the body tube. Small holes called vents, located between the toneholes and the mouthpiece, are opened by an octave key to raise the pitch by eliminating the fundamental frequency, leaving the first harmonic as the frequency defining the pitch. Most modern saxophones are keyed to produce a low B♭ with all keys closed; the highest keyed note has traditionally been F two and a half octaves above low B♭, while the keyed range is extended to F♯ on most recent performance-class instruments. A high G key is most common on modern soprano saxophones. Notes above F are considered part of the altissimo register of any saxophone, can be produced using advanced embouchure techniques and fingering combinations. Keywork facilitating altissimo playing is a feature of modern saxophones.
Modern saxophone players have extended the range to over four octaves on alto. Music for most saxophones is notated using treble clef; because all saxophones use the same key arrangement and fingering to produce a given notated pitch, it is not difficult for a competent player to switch among the various sizes when the music has been suitably transposed, many do so. Since the baritone and alto are pitched in E♭, players can read concert pitch music notated in the bass clef by reading it as if it were treble clef and adding three sharps to the key signature; this process, referred to as clef substitution, makes it possible for the Eb instruments to play from parts written for baritone horn, euphonium, string bass, trombone, or tuba. This can be useful if a orchestra lacks one of those instruments; the straight soprano and sopranino saxophones consist of a straight conical tube with a flared bell at the end opposite the mouthpiece. The interior of the tube is called the bore. Alto and larger saxophones include a detachable curved neck above the highest tone hole, directing the mouthpiece to the player's mouth and, with rare exceptions, a U-shaped bow that directs the bell upward and a curve in the throat of the bell directing it forward.
The set of curves near the bell has become a distinctive feature of the saxophone family, to the extent that soprano and sopranino saxes are sometimes made in the curved style. The baritone and contrabass saxophones accommodate the length of the bore with extra bows and right-angle bends between the main body and the mouthpiece; the left hand operates keys from the upper part of the body tube while the right hand operates keys from the lower part. The right thumb sits under a thumb hook and left thumb is placed on a thumb rest to stabilize and balance the saxophone, while the weight of most saxophones is supported by a neckstrap attached to a strap ring on the rear of the body of the instrument; the left thumb operates the octave key. With soprano and smaller saxophones weight tends to be borne by the right thumb while a neckstrap provides security for the instrument. Keys consist of the cups, and
Seth Benjamin Green is an American actor, voice artist, producer and director. He is best known as the co-creator, executive producer and most frequent voice on Adult Swim's Robot Chicken and has directed the Robot Chicken Star Wars and DC Comics specials, he has appeared in the films Radio Days, My Stepmother Is an Alien, the Austin Powers series, Can't Hardly Wait, The Italian Job, Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, Guardians of the Galaxy and The Lego Batman Movie. He is known for his roles as Daniel "Oz" Osbourne on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Chris Griffin on Fox's Family Guy and Jeff "Joker" Moreau in the Mass Effect video games. Seth Benjamin Gesshel-Green was born in Overbrook Park, Pennsylvania, the son of Barbara and Herbert Green, he has two sisters and Doreen. Green legally changed his name to Seth Benjamin Green "to reflect my professional stage name." The actor is of Russian and Polish descent. He had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony. Green started acting at the age of 7, his early comic influences included Monty Python, Saturday Night Live, Richard Pryor, Bill Cosby, Porky's and Caddyshack.
Green's first movie roles were in the 1984 films Billions for Boris and The Hotel New Hampshire, the second film cast him alongside Jodie Foster and Rob Lowe. He appeared in the 1987 film Can't Buy Me Love, playing Patrick Dempsey's character's little brother, Chuckie Miller, he starred in Woody Allen's Radio Days as Joe, a 1930s–1940s boy based on Allen, appeared in Big Business and, in the same year, in My Stepmother Is an Alien, which starred Buffy the Vampire Slayer co-star Alyson Hannigan. In 1984, Green portrayed Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer in the Jell-O Gelatin Pops commercials featuring The Little Rascals. In 1991, Green rose to fame in a Rally's "Cha Ching" commercial, which earned him an appearance at a New Orleans Saints game. Green was given a key to New Orleans in honor of his role in the popular commercial. Green appeared in the horror films It and Ticks, all three Austin Powers movies as Dr. Evil's son and Enemy of the State and The Italian Job as a computer specialist, he was in the films Can't Hardly Wait, Rat Race, Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, Without a Paddle, Idle Hands, Party Monster and Old Dogs.
Green had a role in the 1992 film Buffy the Vampire Slayer. In 1994, he starred alongside Jennifer Love Hewitt in the short-lived series The Byrds of Paradise, he worked. Seth is not related to Bruce Seth Green. On occasion, some sources have credited Seth as the director; as an actor in the series, he was close to co-star Alyson Hannigan because they were lovers in the show. He played mild-mannered band member who gets turned into a werewolf, he is popular among fans of the series. Green has starred on Fox's Greg the Bunny and guest-starred on The X-Files, That'70s Show, Will & Grace, MADtv, Reno 911!, Grey's Anatomy, The Wonder Years, The Facts of Life, The Drew Carey Show, My Name Is Earl. Green provides the voice of Chris for the animated television sitcom Family Guy, created by Seth MacFarlane for Fox Broadcasting Company; the series centers on the dysfunctional Griffin family and stars Seth MacFarlane, Alex Borstein, Mila Kunis, Mike Henry. Green voices Chris Griffin, the teenage son, overweight, unintelligent and, in many respects, a younger version of his father, Neil Goldman, a neighbor of the Griffins.
Green did an impression of the Buffalo Bill character from the thriller film The Silence of the Lambs during his audition. His main inspiration for Chris' voice came from envisioning how "Buffalo Bill" would sound if he were speaking through a PA system at a McDonald's. Green is a co-creator, co-producer, writer and most frequent voice of the Emmy-winning stop-motion sketch comedy TV series Robot Chicken, for which he does many voices and has appeared in animated form. Green is friends with the band Fall Out Boy, making a cameo in their music video, "This Ain't a Scene, It's an Arms Race." He appeared in "Weird Al" Yankovic's "White & Nerdy" music video. He made two appearances on The Soup in 2007 and 2008, using his first appearance to lampoon Internet celebrity Chris Crocker, he voiced the character Jeff "Joker" Moreau, pilot of the SSV Normandy and the Normandy SR2, in the video games Mass Effect, Mass Effect 2, Mass Effect 3. He is a producer of The 1 Second Film and appears in the "making of" documentary that accompanies its feature-length credits.
Green is the co-creator of the comic Freshmen, published by Top Cow Productions. Green, along with Robot Chicken co-producer Breckin Meyer, appeared in the NBC show Heroes during the 2008–09 season. In January 2009, Green worked with David Faustino for an episode of Faustino's show Star-ving – Faustino is mistaken for Green. In the same year, he worked with one of his idols, Robin Williams in comedy film Old Dogs, which starred John Travolta. On July 13, World Wrestling Entertainment's official website announced Green as the special guest host for the July 13 episode of WWE Raw, on that night, Green competed in the main event, a six-man tag team match, which his team won by disqualification, he was in attendance for WWE's biggest event of the year, WrestleMania XXVI on March 28, 2010. Green guest-starred in the third season of the acclaimed sitcom Husbands. Green became the new voice of Leonardo in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles beginning in its third season (following J