2005 World Aquatics Championships
The 2005 World Aquatics Championships or the XI FINA World Championships were held in Montreal, Canada from July 16 to July 31, 2005. They took place in Parc Jean-Drapeau on Saint Helen's Island. * Host nation ordered by gold medals MenWomen MenWomen MenWomen Men Women Canada did respectably as host, winning gold medals, having a good medal count, setting numerable Canadian records and personal bests. Canada exceeded its previous high-water mark in total medals, collecting 10. Medal Ranking by total medals: 5 by precedence: 5 see 2005 World Aquatics Championships bidsMontreal became the first city in North America to hold the FINA World Aquatics Championships; the venue for the games was itself controversial. The games were awarded to Montreal, taken away again in February 2005 when the city was unable to raise sufficient funding, with other cities indicating their willingness to take the games on; however following promises of funding from various levels of government, Montreal re-bid for the games and they were re-awarded to the city.
On July 16, before the start of the 2005 event, FINA selected the host city for the 2009 World Aquatics Championships — Rome, Italy. Official FINA results: Diving.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It's the most populous city in Central China, one of the nine National Central Cities of China, it lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as'China's Thoroughfare'; because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as "the Chicago of China" by foreign sources. Holding sub-provincial status, Wuhan is recognized as the political, financial, cultural and transportation center of central China. In 1927, Wuhan was the capital of China under the left wing of the Kuomintang government led by Wang Jingwei; the city served as the wartime capital of China in 1937 for 10 months. The Wuhan Gymnasium held the 2011 FIBA Asia Championship and will be one of the venues for the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup; the 7th Military World Games will be hosted from Oct. 18 to 27, 2019 in Wuhan.'Wuhan' is derived from the pinyin romanization of the Standard Mandarin pronunciation of the name of the city'武汉'.
The Chinese'武汉' is a portmanteau: The'Wu' in'Wuhan' is derived from the'Wu' in'Wuchang'. Wuchang was the name given to the area in AD 221 when warlord Sun Quan moved the capital of Eastern Wu to È county, renamed È to Wuchang. The'han' in'Wuhan' comes from the'Han' in'Hankou', which means "Mouth of the Han", from its position at the confluence of the Han with the Yangtze River. In 1926, the Northern Expedition reached the Wuhan area and it was decided to merge Hankou and Hanyang into one city in order to make a new capital for Nationalist China. On January 1, 1927, the resulting city was proclaimed as'武漢', simplified as'武汉'. With a 3,500-year-long history, Wuhan is one of the most ancient and populated metropolitan cities in China. Panlongcheng, an archaeological site associated with the Erligang culture, is located in modern-day Huangpi District. During the Western Zhou, the State of E controlled the present-day Wuchang area south of the Yangtze River. After the conquest of the E state in 863 BC, the present-day Wuhan area was controlled by the State of Chu for the rest of the Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou periods.
During the Han dynasty, Hanyang became a busy port. The Battle of Xiakou in AD 203 and Battle of Jiangxia five years were fought over control of Jiangxia Commandery. In the winter of 208/9, one of the most famous battles in Chinese history and a central event in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms—the Battle of Red Cliffs—took place in the vicinity of the cliffs near Wuhan. Around that time, walls were built to protect Wuchang; the latter event marks the foundation of Wuhan. In AD 223, the Yellow Crane Tower, one of the Four Great Towers of China, was constructed on the Wuchang side of the Yangtze River by order of Sun Quan, leader of the Eastern Wu; the tower become a sacred site of Taoism. Due to tensions between the Eastern Wu and Cao Wei states, in the autumn of 228, Cao Rui, grandson of Cao Cao and the second emperor of the state of Cao Wei, ordered the general Man Chong to lead troops to Xiakou. In 279, Wang Jun and his army conquered strategic locations in Wu territory such as Xiling and Wuchang.
In fall 550, Hou Jing sent Ren Yue to attack both Xiao Xiao Fan's son Xiao Si. Ren killed Xiao Si in battle, Xiao Daxin, unable to resist, allowing Hou to take his domain under control. Meanwhile, Xiao Guan, who had by now settled at Jiangxia, was planning to attack Hou, but this drew Xiao Yi's ire—believing that Xiao Guan was intending to contend for the throne—and he sent Wang to attack Xiao Guan. In summer 567, Chen Xu commissioned Wu Mingche as the governor of Xiang Province and had him command a major part of the troops against Hua, along with Chunyu Liang; the opposing sides met at Zhuankou. The city has long been renowned for intellectual studies. Cui Hao, a celebrated poet of the Tang dynasty, visited the building in the early 8th century. In spring 877, Wang Xianzhi captured E Prefecture, he returned north, joining forces with Huang again, they surrounded Song Wei at Song Prefecture. In winter 877, Huang Chao pillaged Huang Prefectures. Before Kublai Khan arrived in 1259, word reached him.
Kublai decided to keep the death of his brother secret and continued the attack on the Wuhan area, near the Yangtze. While Kublai's force besieged Wuchang, Uryankhadai joined him; the present-day Wuying Pagoda was constructed at the end of the Song Dynasty between attacks by the Mongolian forces. Under the Mongol rulers, the Wuchang prefecture, headquartered in the town, became the capital of Hubei province. Hankou, from the Ming to late Qing, was under
Sweden at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Sweden was the host nation for the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. 444 competitors, 421 men and 23 women, took part in 95 events in 16 sports. Quarterfinals Semifinals Repechage second round Silver medal match. Round of 16 Official Olympic Reports International Olympic Committee results database
2004 Summer Olympics
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. The Games saw 10,625 athletes compete, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries. There were 301 medal events in 28 different sports. Athens 2004 marked the first time since the 1996 Summer Olympics that all countries with a National Olympic Committee were in attendance. 2004 marked the return of the Olympic Games to the city where they began. Having hosted the Olympics in 1896, Athens became one of only four cities to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games on two separate occasions. A new medal obverse was introduced at these Games, replacing the design by Giuseppe Cassioli, used since the 1928 Games; this rectified the long lasting mistake of using a depiction of the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue. The new design features the Panathenaic Stadium.
The 2004 Summer Games were hailed as "unforgettable, dream games" by IOC President Jacques Rogge, left Athens with a improved infrastructure, including a new airport, ring road, subway system. There have been arguments regarding the cost of the 2004 Athens Summer Games and their possible contribution to the Greek government-debt crisis, there is little or no evidence for such a correlation; the 2004 Olympics were deemed to be a success, with the rising standard of competition amongst nations across the world. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and Russia with the host Greece at 15th place. Several World and Olympic records were broken during these Games. Athens was chosen as the host city during the 106th IOC Session held in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Athens had lost its bid to organize the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta nearly seven years before on 18 September 1990, during the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo. Under the direction of Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Athens pursued another bid, this time for the right to host the Summer Olympics in 2004.
The success of Athens in securing the 2004 Games was based on Athens' appeal to Olympic history and the emphasis that it placed on the pivotal role that Greece and Athens could play in promoting Olympism and the Olympic Movement. Furthermore, unlike their bid for the 1996 Games, criticized for its overall disorganization and arrogance—wherein the bid lacked specifics and relied upon sentiment and the notion that it was Athens' right to organize the Centennial Games—the bid for the 2004 Games was lauded for its humility and earnestness, its focused message, its detailed bid concept; the 2004 bid addressed concerns and criticisms raised in its unsuccessful 1996 bid – Athens' infrastructural readiness, its air pollution, its budget, politicization of Games preparations. Athens' successful organization of the 1997 World Championships in Athletics the month before the host city election was crucial in allaying lingering fears and concerns among the sporting community and some IOC members about its ability to host international sporting events.
Another factor which contributed to Athens' selection was a growing sentiment among some IOC members to restore the values of the Olympics to the Games, a component which they felt was lost during the criticized over-commercialization of Atlanta 1996 Games. Subsequently, the selection of Athens was motivated by a lingering sense of disappointment among IOC members regarding the numerous organizational and logistical setbacks experienced during the 1996 Games. After leading all voting rounds, Athens defeated Rome in the 5th and final vote. Cape Town and Buenos Aires, the three other cities that made the IOC shortlist, were eliminated in prior rounds of voting. Six other cities submitted applications, but their bids were dropped by the IOC in 1996; these cities were Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, San Juan, Saint Petersburg and Cali. The 2004 Summer Olympic Games cost the Government of Greece €8.954 billion to stage. According to the cost-benefit evaluation of the impact of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games presented to the Greek Parliament in January 2013 by the Minister of Finance Mr. Giannis Stournaras, the overall net economic benefit for Greece was positive.
The Athens 2004 Organizing Committee, responsible for the preparation and organisation of the Games, concluded its operations as a company in 2005 with a surplus of €130.6 million. ATHOC contributed €123.6 million of the surplus to the Greek State to cover other related expenditures of the Greek State in organizing the Games. As a result, ATHOC reported in its official published accounts a net profit of €7 million; the State's contribution to the total ATHOC budget was 8% of its expenditure against an anticipated 14%. The overall revenue of ATHOC, including income from tickets, broadcasting rights, merchandise sales etc. totalled €2,098.4 million. The largest percentage of that income came from broadcasting rights; the overall expenditure of ATHOC was €1,967.8 million. Analysts refer to the "Cost of the Olympic Games" by taking into account not only the Organizing Committee's budget directly related to the Olympic Games, but the cost incurred by the hosting country during preparation, i.e. the large projects required for the upgrade of the country's infrastructure, including sports infrastructure, airports, power grid etc.
This cost, however, is not directly attributable to the act
Erik Wilhelm "Loppan" Adlerz was a Swedish diver who competed at the 1908, 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. In 1908 he was eliminated in the first round in the 10 metre platform event. Four years he won gold medals in the 10 m platform and plain high diving. In 1920 he won the silver medal in the 10 m platform. In 1924 he finished fourth in the 10 m platform and failed to reach the final in the plain high diving, he was the elder brother of Märta Adlerz. In 1986 he was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame. Olympics database profile
Harold Smith (diver)
Edwin Harold Smith was an American diver who competed at the 1928 and 1932 Summer Olympics. In 1928 he finished fourth in the 3 m springboard. Four years he won the gold medal in the 10 m platform and a silver in the 3 m springboard. Domestically he won the AAU springboard titles in the 1 m in 1928 and 1930 and in the 3 m in 1930 and 1931. After the 1932 Olympics he became a professional show diver, a diving coach at New York Athletic Club and Yale University, he prepared the German diving team to the 1936 Summer Olympics. During World War II he served as a captain in the U. S. Navy, after that worked as a pool manager at luxury hotels in Palm Springs and Santa Barbara
Ulise Joseph "Pete" Desjardins was an American diver who competed in the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics. Born in St-Pierre-Jolys, Canada, Desjardins grew up in Florida. In 1924 he won the silver medal in the 3 m springboard competition and finished sixth in the plain high diving event. Four years he won gold medals in the 3 meter springboard and 10 meter platform. At the 1928 Games Desjardins had the maximum score for two of his springboard dives, but his platform gold medal was unexpected. Farid Simaika from Egypt won the competition, the Egyptian anthem was being played at the award ceremony, when the judges reconsidered their scoring and placed Desjardins first. Desjardins studied economics at Stanford University and is a member of the Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame, though he never won a collegiate championship, he performed swimming exhibitions in the Billy Rose's Aquacade, together with Johnny Weissmuller, Martha Norelius and Helen Meany, for which he was declared a professional. He continued to appear in the Aquacade until World War II, performed in diving shows through the 1960s