Hu language

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Hu
Kon Keu
Native to China
Region Yunnan
Native speakers
1,000 (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
huo – Hu
kkn – Kon Keu (duplicate code)
Glottolog huuu1240  Hu[2]
konk1268  Kon Keu[3]

Hu (Chinese: 户语) is a Palaungic language of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Its speakers are an unclassified ethnic minority; the Chinese government counts the Angku as members of the Bulang nationality, but the Angku language is not intelligible with Bulang.[4]

Distribution[edit]

According to Li (2006:340), there are fewer than 1,000 speakers living on the slopes of the "Kongge" Mountain ("控格山") in Na Huipa village 纳回帕村, Mengyang township 勐养镇, Jinghong 景洪市 (a county-level city).[5]

Hu speakers call themselves the xuʔ˥, and the local Dai peoples call them the "black people" (黑人), as well as xɔn55 kɤt35, meaning 'surviving soul' (Yan & Zhou 2012:152).[6] They are also known locally as the Kunge people 昆格人 or Kongge people 控格人 (Li 2006).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Li Jinfang (2006)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kon Keu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Hu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  5. ^ "景洪市勐养镇昆格村委会纳回帕". Ynszxc.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  6. ^ Yan Qixiang [颜其香] & Zhou Zhizhi [周植志] (2012). Mon-Khmer languages of China and the Austroasiatic family [中国孟高棉语族语言与南亚语系]. Beijing: Social Sciences Academy Press [社会科学文献出版社].

Further reading[edit]

  • Jiang, Guangyou 蒋光友 & Shi, Jian 时建. 2016. A reference grammar of Kunge [Hu] / Kungeyu cankao yufa 昆格语参考语法. Beijing: China Social Science Press 中国社会科学出版社. ISBN 9787516184448
  • Li Jinfang [李锦芳]. 2006. Studies on endangered languages in the Southwest China [西南地区濒危语言调查研究]. Beijing: Minzu University [中央民族大学出版社].
  • Svantesson, Jan-Olof. 1991. "Hu - a Language with Unorthodox Tonogenesis." In Austroasiatic Languages, Essays in honour of H. L. Shorto, edited by Jeremy H.C.S. Davidson. 67-80. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

External links[edit]