The Huaca del Sol is an adobe brick temple built by the Moche civilization on the northern coast of what is now Peru. The temple is one of several ruins found near the peak of Cerro Blanco. The other major ruin at the site is the nearby Huaca de la Luna, by 450 CE, eight different stages of construction had been completed on the Huaca del Sol. The technique was additive, new layers of brick were laid directly on top of the old, archeologists have estimated that the Huaca del Sol was composed of over 130 million adobe bricks and was the largest pre-Columbian adobe structure built in the Americas. The number of different makers marks on the bricks suggests that over a hundred different communities contributed bricks to the construction of the Huacas, the Huaca del Sol was composed of four main levels. The structure was expanded and rebuilt by different rulers over the course of time and it is believed to have originally been about 50 meters in height and 340m. by 160 m. at the base. Located at the center of the Moche capital city, the temple appears to have used for ritual, ceremonial activities and as a royal residence. Archaeological evidence attests to these functions, the operation of the hydraulic mine greatly damaged the Huaca del Sol. In total, approximately two-thirds of the structure has been lost to erosion, the remaining structure stands at a height of 41 meters. Looting and erosion due to El Niño continue to be major concerns to this day. Huaca de la Luna History of Peru Pre-Inca cultures www. huacas. com Sun and Moon Temples, Official website Huaca del Sol placemarks Google Earth. kmz Art of the Andes, rebecca Stone-Miller, Thames and Hudson,1995. The Incas and Their Ancestors, the archaeology of Peru, michael E. Moseley, Thames and Hudson,1992
Image: Huaca Sol lou
Museum Huacas of Moche
Huaca del Sol as seen from the southeast, with the Moche River delta beyond and city ruins in the foreground.