HUD (TV program)
HUD, short for Heads Up Daily, is a daily Canadian television program that covers video games and e-sports. Produced by QYOU Media and ECG Productions, the program is hosted by Marissa Roberto and Brody Moore; the show airs on Ginx eSports TV Canada. The program was added to Instagram TV in July 2018. AXN Spin began airing the program across Eastern Europe in fall 2018. Heads Up Daily was designed as a format to be licensed by partners globally for the production of localized versions. EP Daily - A former daily video game TV show co-hosted by Roberto. Official website HUD on Super Channel.ca Heads Up Daily on IMDb Official YouTube Channel
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is a Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government. Although its beginnings were in the House and Home Financing Agency, it was founded as a Cabinet department in 1965, as part of the "Great Society" program of President Lyndon Johnson, to develop and execute policies on housing and metropolises; the department was established on September 9, 1965, when Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act into law, it stipulated that the department was to be created no than November 8, sixty days following the date of enactment. The actual implementation was postponed until January 13, 1966, following the completion of a special study group report on the federal role in solving urban problems. HUD is administered by the United States Secretary of Urban Development, its headquarters is located in the Robert C. Weaver Federal Building; some important milestones for HUD's development include: June 27, 1934 – The National Housing Act creates the Federal Housing Administration, which helps provide mortgage insurance on loans made by FHA-approved lenders.
September 1, 1937 – Housing Act of 1937 creates the United States Housing Authority, which helps enact slum-clearance projects and construction of low-rent housing. February 3, 1938 – The National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 is signed into law; the law creates the Federal National Mortgage Association, which provides a secondary market to the Federal Housing Administration. February 24, 1942 – Executive Order 9070, Establishing the National Housing Agency; the Federal Housing Administration, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, The Home Owners' Loan Corporation, The United States Housing Authority, defense housing under the Federal Works Agency, the War Department, the Navy Department, the Farm Security Administration, the Defense Homes Corporation, the Federal Loan Administration, the Division of Defense Housing Coordination were consolidated. The National Housing Agency would be made up of three units, each with its own commissioner; the units were the Federal Housing Administration, the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, the United States Housing Authority.
July 27, 1947 – The Housing and Home Finance Agency is established through Reorganization Plan Number 3. July 15, 1949 – The Housing Act of 1949 is enacted to help eradicate slums and promote community development and redevelopment programs. August 2, 1954 – The Housing Act of 1954 establishes comprehensive planning assistance. September 23, 1959 – The Housing Act of 1959 allows funds for elderly housing. September 2, 1964 – The Housing Act of 1964 allows rehabilitation loans for homeowners. August 10, 1965 – The Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 instituted several major expansions in federal housing programs. September 1965 – HUD is created as a cabinet-level agency by the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act. April 1968 – The Fair Housing Act is passed to ban discrimination in housing. During 1968 – The Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 establishes the Government National Mortgage Association. August 1969 – The Brooke Amendment establishes that low income families only pay no more than 25 percent of their income for rent.
August 1974 – Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 allows community development block grants and help for urban homesteading. October 1977 – The Housing and Community Act of 1977 sets up Urban Development Grants and continues elderly and handicapped assistance. July 1987 – The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act gives help to communities to deal with homelessness, it includes the creation of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness of which HUD is a member. February 1988 – The Housing and Community Development Act provides for the sale of public housing to resident management corporations. October 1992 – The HOPE VI program starts to revitalize public housing and how it works. October 1992 – The Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 codifies within its language the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 that creates the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, mandates HUD to set goals for lower income and underserved housing areas for the GSEs Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
1992 – Federal Housing Enterprises' Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 creates HUD Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight to provide public oversight of FNMA and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. 1993 – Henry G. Cisneros is named Secretary of HUD by President William J. Clinton, January 22. Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community program becomes law as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993. 1995 – "Blueprint for Reinvention of HUD" proposes sweeping changes in public housing reform and FHA, consolidation of other programs into three block grants. 1996 – Homeownership totals 66.3 million American households, the largest number ever. 1997 – Andrew M. Cuomo is named by President Clinton to be Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the first appointment from within the Department. 1998 – HUD opens Enforcement Center to take action against HUD-assisted multifamily property owners and other HUD fund recipients who violate laws and regulations. Congress approves Public Housing reforms to reduce segregation by race and income and reward work, bring more working families into public housing, increase the availability of subsidized housing for poor families.
2000 – America's homeownership rate reaches a new record-high of 67.7 percent in the third quarter of 2000. A total of 71.6 million American families own their homes - more than at any time in American history. 2001 – Mel Martinez, named by President George W. Bush to be Secretary o
Hud was a prophet of ancient Arabia mentioned in the Qur’an. The eleventh chapter of the Quran, Hud, is named after him, though the narrative of Hud comprises only a small portion of the chapter. Hud has sometimes been identified with Eber, an ancestor of the Israelites, mentioned in the Old Testament, he is said to have been a subject of a mulk named after its founder, ʿĀd, a fourth generation descendant of Noah (his father being Uz, the son of Aram, the son of Shem and a son of Noah. The other tribes claimed to be present at this time in Arabia, were the Thamud, Tasam, Amim, Amalek Imlaq, Qahtan, Banu Yaqtan and others; the Quran gives the location of ʿĀd as being Al-Aḥqāf. It is believed to have been in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula in eastern Yemen and/or western Oman. In the 1980s, a settlement was discovered and thought to be Ubar, thought to be mentioned in the Qur'an as Iram dhāṫ al-‘Imād, may have been the capital of ʿĀd. An alternative translation of Iram dhat al-Imad is "Iram of the tentpoles" and it is uncertain whether the name identifies a city or a tribe.
This is a brief summary of Hud's narrative, with emphasis on two particular verses: The people of ʿĀd were powerful and wealthy and they built countless buildings and monuments to show their power. However, the ʿĀd people's wealth proved to be their failure, as they became arrogant and forsook God and began to adopt idols for worship, including three idols named Samd and Hara. Hud in childhood, remained consistent in prayer to God, it is related through exegesis that Hud's mother, a pious woman who had seen great visions at her son's birth, was the only person who encouraged Hud in his worship. Thus, the Lord raised up Hud as a prophet for the ʿĀd people; when Hud started preaching and invited them to the worship of only the true God and when he told them to repent for their past sins and ask for mercy and forgiveness, the ʿĀd people began to revile him and wickedly began to mock God's message. Hud's story epitomizes the prophetic cycle common to the early prophets mentioned in the Quran: the prophet is sent to his people to tell them to worship God only and tells them to acknowledge that it is God, the provider of their blessings The Quran states: We sent to the people of'Ad their brother Hud, who said: "O my people, worship God.
You are only inventing lies. O my people, I ask no recompense of you for it: My reward is with Him who created me. Will you not, understand? O my people, beg your Lord to forgive you, turn to Him in repentance, he will send down rain in torrents for you from the skies, give you added strength. So do not turn away from Him as sinners."They said: "O Hud, you have come to us with no proofs. We shall not abandon our gods because you believe in you. All we can say is that some of our gods have smitten you with evil." He replied:" I call God to witness, you be witness too, that I am clear of what you associate Apart from Him. Contrive against me as much as you like, give me no respite. I place my trust in God, my Lord and your Lord. There is no creature that moves on the earth, not held by the forelock by Him. Verily the way of my Lord is straight. If you turn away I have delivered to you the message I was sent with. My Lord will put other people in your place, you will not be able to prevail against Him.
Indeed my Lord keeps a watch over all things." Hud preached to the people of ʿĀd for a long time. The majority of them, refused to pay any notice to his teachings and they kept ignoring and mocking all he said; as their aggression and idolatry deepened, after plenty of warning, sent a thunderous storm to finish the wicked people of ʿĀd once and for all. The destruction of the ʿĀd is described in the Quran: So when they saw it as a cloud advancing towards their valleys, they said: "This is just a passing cloud that will bring us rain." "No. It is what you were trying to hasten: The wind which carries the grievous punishment! It will destroy everything at the bidding of its Lord." So in the morning there was nothing but their empty dwellings to be seen. That is. Judaism and Christianity do not venerate Hud as a prophet and, as a figure, he is absent from the Bible. However, there are several pre-Quranic references to individuals named Hud or possessing a name, connected to Hud as well as references to the people of ʿĀd.
The name has been linked to several Biblical names. The name Hud appears in various ancient inscriptions, most in the Hadhramaut. Several sites are revered as the tomb of Hud; the most noted site, Kabr Nabi Hud, is located in the deserted village of the Hadhramaut, around 90 mi north of Mukalla and is a place of frequent Muslim pilgrimage. R. B. Serjeant verified on the spots the facts related by Harawi, who described, at the gate of the Mosque, on the west side, the rock onto which Hud climbed to make the call to prayer and mentioned, at the bottom of the ravine, the grotto of Balhut. Around the tomb and neighborhood, various ancient ruins and inscriptions have been found. However, as is the case with the graves of prophets, other locations have been listed, it is said, for instance, that a possible location for his qabr is said to be near the Zamzam Well, or in the south wall of the Masjid in Damascus. Some scholars have added that the Masjid has an inscription stating: "Hadha Maqam Hud" (Arabic: هـذا مـقـام هـود, "
Hongkong United Dockyards
Hongkong United Dockyards abbreviated to United Dockyards or HUD is a dockyard built on the site of the former Shek Wan or "Stone Bay", on Tsing Yi Island of Hong Kong. HUD was formed in 1973 from the merger of the Taikoo Dockyard, it is jointed owned by Hutchison Swire. The HUD facilities in Tsing Yi replaced the Whampoa Dockyard in Hung Hom Kowloon West and the Taikoo Dockyard in Quarry Bay, Hong Kong Island. HUD's main business is: Salvage and towage Ship repairs Land-based engineering projectsThe company employs over 400 people including subcontractors to perform repairs; the named United was added when it was acquired in 1995. Instead of a fixed dockyard, it uses a 40,000t floating dockyard to perform repairs in Tsing Yi. There are two berths for ships being repaired but not requiring to be placed in the floating dock; the dockyard has four Ramparts 3000 ASD tugs used to tow ships into the facility. Most ships built here are for local use: Sea Lion class command boats 1965 – two for the Hong Kong Police Marine Region Sea Rover class command boats 1955–56 – six for the Hong Kong Police Marine Region The dockyard is accessible via: Green minibus 88M: Hong Kong United Dockyard <-> Kwai Fong StationThe dockyard is accessed by Routes 3 and 8 via Sai Tso Wan Road.
History of HUD
Hubble Ultra-Deep Field
The Hubble Ultra-Deep Field is an image of a small region of space in the constellation Fornax, containing an estimated 10,000 galaxies. The original release was combined from Hubble Space Telescope data accumulated over a period from September 24, 2003, through to January 16, 2004. Looking back 13 billion years it has been used to search for galaxies that existed at that time; the HUDF image was taken in a section of the sky with a low density of bright stars in the near-field, allowing much better viewing of dimmer, more distant objects. In August and September 2009, the HUDF field was observed at longer wavelengths using the infrared channel of the attached Wide Field Camera 3 instrument; when combined with existing HUDF data, astronomers were able to identify a new list of very distant galaxies. Located southwest of Orion in the southern-hemisphere constellation Fornax, the rectangular image is 2.4 arcminutes to an edge, or 3.4 arcminutes diagonally. This is one tenth of the angular diameter of a full moon viewed from Earth, smaller than a 1 mm by 1 mm square of paper held at 1 meter away, equal to one twenty-six-millionth of the total area of the sky.
The image is oriented. On September 25, 2012, NASA released a further refined version of the Ultra-Deep Field dubbed the eXtreme Deep Field; the XDF reveals galaxies that span back 13.2 billion years in time, revealing a galaxy theorized to be formed only 450 million years after the big bang event. On June 3, 2014, NASA released the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field image composed of, for the first time, the full range of ultraviolet to near-infrared light. On January 23, 2019, the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias released an deeper version of the infrared images of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field obtained with the WFC3 instrument, named the ABYSS Hubble Ultra Deep Field; the new images improve the previous reduction of the WFC3/IR images, including careful sky background subtraction around the largest galaxies on the field of view. After this update, some galaxies were found to be twice as big as measured. In the years since the original Hubble Deep Field, the Hubble Deep Field South and the GOODS sample were analyzed, providing increased statistics at the high redshifts probed by the HDF.
When the Advanced Camera for Surveys detector was installed on the HST, it was realized that an ultra-deep field could observe galaxy formation out to higher redshifts than had been observed, as well as providing more information about galaxy formation at intermediate redshifts. A workshop on how to best carry out surveys with the ACS was held at STScI in late 2002. At the workshop Massimo Stiavelli advocated an Ultra Deep Field as a way to study the objects responsible for the reionization of the Universe. Following the workshop, the STScI Director Steven Beckwith decided to devote 400 orbits of Director's Discretionary time to the UDF and appointed Stiavelli as the lead of the Home Team implementing the observations. Unlike the Deep Fields, the HUDF does not lie in Hubble's Continuous Viewing Zone; the earlier observations, using the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 camera, were able to take advantage of the increased observing time on these zones by using wavelengths with higher noise to observe at times when earthshine contaminated the observations.
As with the earlier fields, this one was required to contain little emission from our galaxy, with little Zodiacal dust. The field was required to be in a range of declinations such that it could be observed both by southern hemisphere instruments, such as the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, northern hemisphere ones, such as those located on Hawaii, it was decided to observe a section of the Chandra Deep Field South, due to existing deep X-ray observations from Chandra X-ray Observatory and two interesting objects observed in the GOODS sample at the same location: a redshift 5.8 galaxy and a supernova. The coordinates of the field are right ascension 3h 32m 39.0s, declination −27° 47′ 29.1″. The field is 200 arcseconds to a side, with a total area of 11 square arcminutes, lies in the constellation of Fornax. Four filters were used on the ACS, centered on 435, 606, 775 and 850 nm, with exposure times set to give equal sensitivity in all filters; these wavelength ranges match those used by the GOODS sample, allowing direct comparison between the two.
As with the Deep Fields, the HUDF used Directors Discretionary Time. In order to get the best resolution possible, the observations were dithered by pointing the telescope at different positions for each exposure—a process trialled with the Hubble Deep Field—so that the final image has a higher resolution than the pixels on their own would allow; the observations were done in two sessions, from September 23 to October 28, 2003, December 4, 2003, to January 15, 2004. The total exposure time is just under 1 million seconds, from 400 orbits, with a typical exposure time of 1200 seconds. In total, 800 ACS exposures were taken over the course of 11.3 days, 2 every orbit, NICMOS observed for 4.5 days. All the individual ACS exposures were processed and combined by Anton Koekemoer into a single set of scientifically useful images, each with a total exposure time ranging from 134,900 seconds to 347,100 seconds. To observe the whole sky to the same sensitivity, the HST would need to observe continuously for a million years.
The sensitivity of the ACS limits its capability of detecting galax
A head-up display or heads-up display known as a HUD, is any transparent display that presents data without requiring users to look away from their usual viewpoints. The origin of the name stems from a pilot being able to view information with the head positioned "up" and looking forward, instead of angled down looking at lower instruments. A HUD has the advantage that the pilot's eyes do not need to refocus to view the outside after looking at the optically nearer instruments. Although they were developed for military aviation, HUDs are now used in commercial aircraft and other applications. A typical HUD contains three primary components: a projector unit, a combiner, a video generation computer; the projection unit in a typical HUD is an optical collimator setup: a convex lens or concave mirror with a cathode ray tube, light emitting diode display, or liquid crystal display at its focus. This setup produces an image where the light is collimated, i.e. the focal point is perceived to be at infinity.
The combiner is an angled flat piece of glass located directly in front of the viewer, that redirects the projected image from projector in such a way as to see the field of view and the projected infinity image at the same time. Combiners may have special coatings that reflect the monochromatic light projected onto it from the projector unit while allowing all other wavelengths of light to pass through. In some optical layouts combiners may have a curved surface to refocus the image from the projector; the computer provides the interface between the HUD and the systems/data to be displayed and generates the imagery and symbology to be displayed by the projection unit. Other than fixed mounted HUD, there are head-mounted displays. Including helmet mounted displays, forms of HUD that features a display element that moves with the orientation of the user's head. Many modern fighters use both a HMD concurrently; the F-35 Lightning II was designed without a HUD, relying on the HMD, making it the first modern military fighter not to have a fixed HUD.
HUDs are split into four generations reflecting the technology used to generate the images. First Generation—Use a CRT to generate an image on a phosphor screen, having the disadvantage of the phosphor screen coating degrading over time; the majority of HUDs in operation today are of this type. Second Generation—Use a solid state light source, for example LED, modulated by an LCD screen to display an image; these systems do not require the high voltages of first generation systems. These systems are on commercial aircraft. Third Generation—Use optical waveguides to produce images directly in the combiner rather than use a projection system. Fourth Generation—Use a scanning laser to display images and video imagery on a clear transparent medium. Newer micro-display imaging technologies are being introduced, including liquid crystal display, liquid crystal on silicon, digital micro-mirrors, organic light-emitting diode. HUDs evolved from the reflector sight, a pre-World War II parallax-free optical sight technology for military fighter aircraft.
The gyro gunsight added a reticle that moved based on the speed and turn rate to solve the amount of lead needed to hit a target while maneuvering. During the early 1940s, the Telecommunications Research Establishment, in charge of UK radar development, found that Royal Air Force night fighter pilots were having a hard time reacting to the verbal instruction of the radar operator as they approached their targets, they experimented with the addition of a second radar display for the pilot, but found they had trouble looking up from the lit screen into the dark sky in order to find the target. In October 1942 they had combined the image from the radar tube with a projection from their standard GGS Mk. II gyro gunsight on a flat area of the windscreen, in the gunsight itself. A key upgrade was the move from the original AI Mk. IV radar to the microwave-frequency AI Mk. VIII radar found on the de Havilland Mosquito night fighter; this set produced an artificial horizon. In 1955 the US Navy's Office of Naval Research and Development did some research with a mockup HUD concept unit along with a sidestick controller in an attempt to ease the pilot's burden flying modern jet aircraft and make the instrumentation less complicated during flight.
While their research was never incorporated in any aircraft of that time, the crude HUD mockup they built had all the features of today's modern HUD units. HUD technology was next advanced by the Royal Navy in the Buccaneer, the prototype of which first flew on 30 April 1958; the aircraft was designed to fly at low altitudes at high speeds and drop bombs in engagements lasting seconds. As such, there was no time for the pilot to look up from the instruments to a bombsight; this led to the concept of a "Strike Sight" that would combine altitude and the gun/bombsight into a single gunsight-like display. There was fierce competition between supporters of the new HUD design and supporters of the old electro-mechanical gunsight, with the HUD being described as a radical foolhardy option; the Air Arm branch of the UK Ministry of Defence sponsored the development of a Strike Sight. The Royal Aircraft Establishment designed the equipment and the earliest usage of the term "head-up-display" can be traced to this time.
Production units were built by Cintel, the system was first integrated in 1958. The Cintel HUD business was taken over by Ellio
Hud (1963 film)
Hud is a 1963 American Drama Western film directed by Martin Ritt and starring Paul Newman, Melvyn Douglas and Patricia Neal. It was produced by Ritt and Newman's founded company, Salem Productions, was their first film for Paramount Pictures. Hud was filmed on location including Claude, Texas, its screenplay was by Irving Ravetch and Harriet Frank Jr. and was based on Larry McMurtry's 1961 novel, Pass By. The film's title character, Hud Bannon, was a minor character in the original screenplay but was reworked as the lead role. With its main character an antihero, Hud was described as a revisionist Western; the film centers on the ongoing conflict between principled patriarch Homer Bannon and his unscrupulous and arrogant son, during an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease putting the family's cattle ranch at risk. Lonnie, Homer's grandson and Hud's nephew, is caught in the conflict and forced to choose which character to follow. Hud premiered at the Venice International Film Festival, was a critical and commercial success at its general release.
It was nominated for seven Academy Awards. Howe's use of contrast to create space and his selection of black-and-white was favored by critics. In reviews, the film received additional praise. In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Hud Bannon is ambitious and self-centered, the opposite of his principled rancher father Homer. Living on the Bannon ranch is Hud's teenage nephew, who looks up to both men but is most impressed by Hud. Lonnie and Hud are attracted to Alma. Although she is attracted to Hud, Alma keeps her distance because she has been mistreated in the past by men like him. After the sudden, inexplicable death of a cow on the ranch, Homer sends Lonnie to town to bring Hud to the ranch for his opinion. Lonnie, finding Hud just in time to take the blame for Hud's tryst with a married woman, protests Hud's putting him in a dangerous situation as they return to the ranch, with Hud driving over Alma's flowers as they arrive.
At the dead animal, Hud shoots several buzzards to scare the flock away against his father's protestations that they keep the land clean and shooting them is illegal. Hud states his immunity to laws. Hud is annoyed by his father's decision to summon the state veterinarian, suggests selling the animals to other ranchers before the news spreads, he blames his father for not realizing that the cheap Mexican cattle were sick before he bought them. Adhering to his principles, Homer waits for the veterinarian. Upon his arrival, the state veterinarian issues a binding State Livestock Transfer Order directing the quarantine of the ranch for a possible foot-and-mouth disease outbreak; this freezes the movement of all livestock to or from the Bannon ranch, while they await the test results. Aware of the possibility of bankruptcy to the ranch, Homer complies. One night, Hud takes Lonnie out and they prevail in a drunken barroom brawl. Back at the ranch he reflects on the past, revealing his feelings about his brother Norman's death and his father's coldness to him.
When they enter the house Homer confronts Hud. They argue, with Hud accusing Homer of resentment of him for Norman's death. Homer replies. Hurt and angry, Hud retorts "she died" as he walks away; when Lonnie tells Homer that he was too harsh and other people act like him, Homer replies that one day he will have to decide for himself what is right and wrong. After learning from Lonnie that Hud is trying to seize the ranch, Homer confronts Hud. Infuriated by his eroded inheritance, Hud threatens to have Homer declared incompetent so he can take over the ranch. Homer tells his son, he admits that he made mistakes raising Hud, was too hard on him. When Hud accuses him of having a "shape up or ship out" policy, Homer wonders aloud how a man like Hud can be his son and storms off to his room. Hud, goes outside and tries to rape Alma before Lonnie comes to her aid; when the herd tests positive for foot-and-mouth disease, the veterinarian orders them to be killed and buried on the ranch under state supervision to keep the disease from spreading.
Hud points out that they could sell some oil leases to keep the ranch profitable, but Homer refuses as he only has pride in cattle, despite his ruinous decision to purchase the Mexican cattle. Alma decides to leave the ranch. After Lonnie drops her off at the bus station, Hud sees her, he apologizes for his drunken assault but not his attraction to her, he would remember her as "the one who got away". Driving back to the ranch, Lonnie sees his grandfather lying on the side of the road after a fall from his horse during a survey of the ranch. Hud pulls up behind Lonnie and, despite their efforts, he dies. Lonnie is repelled by his uncle's treatment of Homer and Alma and leaves the ranch after his grandfather's funeral, uncertain if he will return; when he tells Hud to put his half of their inheritance in the bank, his un