Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. The population of the town itself is 5,368, the population of the canton is 14,939; the county of Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise referred to as just Saint-Pol, was a stronghold of the Counts of Flanders and was established as a county in the late 9th century. When the county passed out of the family of the Flemish counts, it remained subject to the Count of Flanders as his vassals until 1180, it became subject to France Artois France again until it ceased to exist as a county and was annexed to France in 1702. Saint-Pol was first controlled by the Flemish counts by the family known as Campdavaine from early in the 11th century. In 1205 the county passed to the seigneurs of Châtillon through marriage, remained with this dynasty until 1360 when it passed to the Luxembourg dynasty. Around 1487 the county passed to the Capetian-Bourbon-Vendôme dynasty through marriage to the Longueville-Neuchâtel dynasty from around 1563.
In 1702 it came under direct rule of France. In the Middle Ages, several of the Counts of Saint-Pol were active in the Crusades. On 7 November 1920, the remains of four unidentifiable, fallen British soldiers disintered from the battlefields at Aisne, the Somme and Ypres were brought to the town's chapel. There, Brigadier-General Louis John Wyatt of the North Staffordshire Regiment, aided by Lieutenant-Colonel EAS Gell, selected one to be carried to Westminster Abbey to be re-buried in the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior; the remaining three bodies were removed and reburied in the military cemetery at Wyatt's headquarters at St Pol. Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise was the birthplace of Marie de St Pol, foundress of Pembroke College, Cambridge. Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise was the birthplace of Pierre Repp and actor. Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise was the birthplace of Martial Joseph Armand Herman, a politician of the French Revolution, temporary French Foreign Minister. Nicolas Aubriot, footballer Counts of Saint-Pol Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department INSEE commune file
Château-Renault is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. Château-Renault is located on the Far-West of the Gâtine Tourangelle plateau, next to the Loir-et-Cher department and at the confluence of two rivers: The Gault and the Brenne, its Elevation vary between 140 meters on the plateau. The area of the commune is 3.51 square kilometre. Located in the North of A10 highway, the town of Chateau-Renault is equidistant to the cities of Tours and Vendôme and can be reached on train services on the Tours-Paris or Tours-Vendôme lines. Evidence of early human occupation or the Loire Valley has been found such as the standing stones of Pierrefite and several hand tools, but the settlement of Chateau-Renault dates from the feudal wars that occurred in the 11th century between the Counts of Blois and the Counts of Anjou. In the early part of the century a loyal member of the court of the Count of Blois was charged by the construction of a defensive structure on the site of the present chateau.
He named this defensive structure after Renaud. This was the origin of the towns name. However, the defensive structure was not enough and the area was soon lost to the Counts of Anjou, it was under the new management that land was donated for the construction of a chapel and a small settlement at the foot of the castle site. From the early 19th century to the mid 20th century, Château-Renault became famous for its activity of tanning leather, it was a strong industry that had a big influence on how the town developed. The leather produced was used in shoes production. High levels of calcium carbonate in the water gave the leather produced there a thick, resistant nature and the arrival of the railway in 1867 ensured that the product had access to a market. André Bauchant, naïve painter, born in Château-Renault in 1873, he dies in 1958. Fr:Jean-François Martin Gardien, member of the Convention parliament. Fr:Paul Séguin-Bertault, painter born in Château-Renault. André Verrier, awarded by the Order of Liberation.
It is twinned with the towns Ripley, Mülheim-Kärlich and Covăsânț. Communes of the Indre-et-Loire department INSEE commune file
Guy, Count of Flanders
Guy of Dampierre was the Count of Flanders and Marquis of Namur. He was a prisoner of the French when his Flemings defeated the latter at the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302. Guy was the second son of Margaret II of Flanders; the death of his elder brother William in a tournament made him joint Count of Flanders with his mother. Guy and his mother struggled against the Avesnes in the War of the Succession of Flanders and Hainault, but were defeated in 1253 at the Battle of Walcheren, Guy was taken prisoner. By the mediation of Louis IX of France, he was ransomed in 1256; some respite was obtained by the death of John of Hainaut in 1257. In 1270, Margaret confiscated the wares of English merchants in Flanders for non-payment of customs; this led to a devastating trade war with England, which supplied most of the wool for the Flemish weavers. The dispute was ended by a treaty agreed at Montreuil-sur-Mer on 28 July 1274 abolishing customs charged on English merchants in Flanders. After her abdication in 1278, Guy found himself in difficulties with the fractious commoners.
In 1288, complaints over taxes led Philip IV of France to tighten his control over Flanders. Tension built between the king. However, Philip imprisoned Guy and two of his sons, forced him to call off the marriage, imprisoned Philippa in Paris until her death in 1306. Guy was summoned before the king again in 1296, the principal cities of Flanders were taken under royal protection until Guy paid an indemnity and surrendered his territories, to hold them at the grace of the king. After these indignities, Guy attempted to revenge himself on Philip by an alliance with Edward I of England in 1297, to which Philip responded by declaring Flanders annexed to the royal domain; the French under Robert II of Artois defeated the Flemings at the Battle of Furnes, Edward's expedition into Flanders was abortive. He left Guy to his fate; the French invaded again in 1299 and captured both Guy and his son Robert in January 1300. The Flemish burghers, found direct French rule to be more oppressive than that of the count.
After smashing a French army at the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302, Guy was released by the French to try to negotiate terms. His subjects, refused to compromise. Guy was returned to prison. In June 1246 he married Matilda of Béthune, daughter of Robert VII, Lord of Bethune, had the following children: Marie, married William of Jülich, son of William IV, Count of Jülich, she had William. Married in 1285 Simon II de Chateauvillain, Lord of Bremur. Robert III of Flanders, his successor. William, Lord of Dendermonde and Crèvecoeur, married in 1286 Alix of Beaumont, daughter of Raoul of Clermont and had issue, his son John married to daughter of Jacques de Chatillon. John of Flanders, Bishop of Metz and Bishop of Liège Baldwin. Margaret, married in 1273 John I, Duke of Brabant Beatrice, married c. 1270 Floris V, Count of Holland Philip, Count of Teano, married Mahaut de Courtenay, Countess of Chieti, married c. 1304 Philipotte of Milly, no issue. In March 1265 he married Isabelle of Luxembourg, daughter of Henry V of Luxembourg, had the following children: Beatrice, married c. 1287 Hugh II of Châtillon Margaret, married on 14 November 1282 at Roxburgh, Alexander of Scotland, married on 3 July 1286 in Namur, Reginald I of Guelders.
Isabelle, married 1307 Jean de Fiennes, Lord of Tingry and Chatelain of Bourbourg, mother of Robert de Fiennes, Constable of France. Philippa. John I, Marquis of Namur, married Margaret of Clermont, daughter of Robert, Count of Clermont, Marie of Artois, daughter of Philip of Artois and had issue. Guy of Namur, Lord of Ronse, Count of Zeeland, married Margaret of Lorraine, daughter of Theobald II, Duke of Lorraine. No issue. Henry, Count of Lodi, had issue. Joan, a nun at Flines Abbey. Bradbury, Jim; the Capetians: The History of a Dynasty. Continuum Publishing. Evergates, Theodore; the Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300. University of Pennsylvania Press. Fegley, Randall; the Golden Spurs of Kortrijk: How the Knights of France Fell to the Foot Soldiers of Flanders in 1302. McFarland & Co. Verbruggen, J. F.. DeVries, Kelly, ed; the Battle of the Golden Spurs. Translated by Ferguson, David Richard. Boydell Press. Walters, Barbara R.. The Feast of Corpus Christi; the Pennsylvania State University Press.
Wyffels, C.. "Economische oorlog tussen Vlaanderen en Engeland". Doorheen de nationale geschiedenis. State Archives in Belgium. Maison de Dampierre