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Hugo Gerard Ströhl

Hugo Gerard Ströhl was an Austrian heraldist. Ströhl was born in Wels in Upper Austria. A talented painter, he studied at the School for Applied Arts in Vienna. After graduation, he taught painting and drawing, founded a small printing office. Much of his work involved designing heraldic stamps for advertising, his heraldic drawings his main books, the Austrian-Hungarian and the Imperial German rolls of arms, are considered among the best heraldic drawings published. Although it was not his first work on heraldry, the Roll of Arms of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, or "Österreichisch-Ungarische Wappenrolle", an overview of the arms of all the territories of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, led to Ströhl's fame following its 1890 publication; these images can be seen in detail here Besides European heraldry, Ströhl was interested in the comparable Japanese system of symbolism, he published a large book on Japanese mon, the "Nihon moncho" or Japanese Roll of Arms. His "Heraldische Atlas" is still considered a standard work in German heraldic literature.

Ströhl designed for the St. Karl Borromäus-church in the old peoples home "Am Wienerwald" in Vienna, 130 arms of Viennese guilds, which are still shown on the walls of the church (see here, he designed a large number of civic coats of arms for municipalities in Austria and Germany, including the arms of Vienna. He died in Mödling. Frisch brockte Schworzkerschäln. Schwarz-weiße Bilder zu lustigen Schnadahüpfeln aus den oestrreichischen Alpenländern, Perles, 1891 Die Wappen der Druckgewerbe, Vienna, 1893 Wappen und Siegel der Orte Vorarlbergs, Jahrbuch der Heraldischen Gesellschaft Adler in Vienna 1893, 22 pp. Arms of the towns in Vorarlberg State. Deutsche Wappenrolle, Wappen von Deutschen Reiches und seiner Bundesstaaten. Deutsche Wappenrolle enthaltend alle Wappen, Flaggen, Landesfarben und Kokarden des Deutschen Reiches, seiner Bundesstaaten und regierenden Dynastien, Julius Hoffmann, Stuttgart, 1897. Images can be seen here and here Heraldischer Atlas, Stuttgart, 1899. A large volume designed as a style guide for heraldic arts.

Oesterreichisch-Ungarische Wappenrolle: die Wappen ihrer K.u.k. Majestäten, die Wappen der durchlauchtigsten Herren Erzherzoge, die Staatswappen von Oesterreich und Ungarn, die Wappen der Kronländer und der ungarischen Comitate, die Flaggen, Fahnen und Cocarden beider Reichshälften, sowie das Wappen des souverainen Fürstenthumes Liechtenstein, Vienna 1890. An Austro-Hungarian Roll of Arms. Most images can be seen here. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Badges: gesammelt aus den Werken englischer Heraldiker, Jahrbuch der Heraldischen Gesellschaft Adler, Vienna, 1902. On English badges. Städtewappen von Österreich-Ungarn, Vienna, 1904. A revised edition of the book by Karl Lind of 1885 on Austrian Hungarian city arms. For an index see, here Nihon moncho: Japanisches Wappenbuch, Ein Handbuch für Kunstgewerbetreibende und Sammler, Schroll, 1906. On Japanese mon. Landesfarben und Kokarden: Ein Vademekum für Maler, Fahnenfabrikanten und Dekorateure, published by Ernst Morgenstern, Berlin 1910. On flags and banners.

Die Entwicklung der österreichisch-ungarischen Kriegs- und Handelsflagge, Jahrbuch der Heraldischen Gesellschaft Adler, Vienna. On the development of the Austrian-Hungarian war- and trade flags. Die Landesfarben und Cocarden in Österreich und Deutschland, Jahrbuch der Heraldischen Gesellschaft Adler, Vienna. On the colours and banners of Austria and Germany. Album pontificale: Die Bildnisse der Päpste nach den Papstmedaillen. Nebst einer Wappenrolle der Päpste gezeichnet und erl. von Hugo Gerhard Ströhl, Mönchengladbach, Kühlen, 1909. A book on papal arms, written in co-operation with Josef Hergenröther. Heraldischer Atlas v. 1899 on Wikimedia Commons Facebook page on Hugo Gerhard Ströhl with images from his books Extended bibliographic overview and several hundred high resolution images

John F. Campbell (politician)

John F. Campbell is an American politician from Vermont. Campbell, a Democrat, is a member of the Vermont Senate, representing the Windsor Vermont Senate District since 2001, he became Senate Majority Leader in 2003. He was the Senate Majority Leader of the Vermont Senate until January 5, 2011, when he was elected President pro tempore of the Vermont Senate for the legislative session, he was succeeded by Tim Ashe of the Vermont Progressive Party in 2017. Senator John F. Campbell at the Vermont General Assembly Senator John F. Campbell profile at Project Vote Smart John F. Campbell career profile at Follow the Money Appearances on C-SPAN

Appleby Magna

Appleby Magna is a village and civil parish in Leicestershire, England. It includes the small hamlets of Appleby Parva and Little Wigston, the villages of Norton-Juxta-Twycross and Swepstone; the parish has a total collective population of 1,084, with Appleby its largest settlement. Appleby was one of the largest and wealthiest parishes in Leicestershire, reflected by its large church. However, the village and its population have remained small; the village lies on the edge of the ancient boundary between the kingdom of the Danelaw. The land itself has been inhabited from the early Neolithic period; the village developed in the pre-Saxon era. The name Appleby is derived by; the village is bordered by the Gopsall Park Estate. The Ashby-de-la-Zouch Canal passes within a mile of the village, as do the M42 and A444. There is evidence of human settlement in Appleby from the early Neolithic period, 6,000 years ago. There was no single settlement, but a scattering of round houses, whose inhabitants farmed the land south of the River Mease.

In the same area there is an oval ditch of a 6-acre enclosure, revealed by crop marks. In 1966, archaeologists found prehistoric pottery on the site. A short distance to the east, near the White House Farm, crop marks revealed a rectangular enclosure believed to be an Iron Age site. To the east of the parish, on Birdshill Gorse, a further ring ditch was discovered, believed to be from the Bronze Age. There is evidence of further activity within the village during the Roman period, including evidence of a villa or farm and a temple, although it is unclear whether there was a formal village-like settlement during this period. A Romano-British farm dating from the 4th century was discovered during construction of a hotel in Appleby Fields, next to Junction 11 of the M42. Artifacts included coins from the reigns of Constantine Magnentius. Roof tiles, a corroded knife blade, copper pins, an iron hobnail, fragments of quern stones were found, as well as animal bones indicating that cattle, pigs and dogs were kept on the farm.

A separate collection of Roman coins was earlier found in the grounds of Appleby Hall. Appleby is near three known Roman roads: Watling Street, 10 miles south of the village; the name of the neighbouring village of Stretton en le Field suggests that a Roman road ran through the parish, but this has not been confirmed. It has been suggested that the site of St Michael's and All Angels' church was that of a Roman temple; the village was only 8 miles from its capital, Tamworth. During this period, the settlement of Appleby Magna grew around the Meadow Brook, the first Christian church was built on the site of St. Michael's and All Angels church, it was a wooden chapel, on the site of the present St. Helen's Chapel within the church; the village is centred on the narrowest part of the shallow valley surrounding the Meadow Brook. The manor house and church were built on opposite sides of the brook, the village grew up around them. Appleby appears 3 times in the Domesday Book, with Appleby Magna and Appleby Parva recorded separately.

Appleby Magna is listed as in Derbyshire and in Leicestershire, where Appleby Parva is listed as being in Leicestershire The whole parish has been part of Leicestershire since 1897. The village belonged to the Abbey of Burton, Henry de Ferrers and Lady Godiva, of Coventry, was worth 90 shillings. There is thought to have been some local ethnic divide, with Appleby Magna inhabited by Anglo-Saxon villagers, Appleby Parva inhabited by a small group of Normans. There are records of a rector at Appleby from at least 1207; the site of this early church is on the site of St. Helen's Chapel in the current church, it was a simple building capable of holding only two or three dozen worshipers. St. Helen's Chapel is the earliest surviving building in the village, it dates from before the early 14th century. From the mid-14th century it was used as a private chapel for the de Appleby family, Lords of the Manor of Appleby, who resided in the adjacent Manor House; the de Appleby Family were Lords of the Manor from the early 12th century until the 16th century.

The chapel was built on the site of the earlier religious buildings and the site was used as a burial site. The church was enlarged to its present size in the early 14th century and was named St. Michael's and All Angels church. St. Helen's Chapel was incorporated into the north east section of the church and served as both a private chapel and burial site for the de Appleby family. Most of the tombs have been removed but the Alabaster effigies of Sir Edmund de Appleby and his wife Joan, dating from 1375, still survive; the chapel would become known as the de Appleby Chapel although it is used as the church vestry. The earliest surviving fragments of the Manor House, date from Sir Edmund's time when the Manor was enlarged into a large, fortified, courtyard house. A rectory which stood opposite the church, a tithe barn which stood on the eastern wall of the churchyard and two water mills, one by the Moat House and one at Mease-Meadow were all constructed in th