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Hugo de Garis

Hugo de Garis is a retired researcher in the sub-field of artificial intelligence known as evolvable hardware. He became known in the 1990s for his research on the use of genetic algorithms to evolve artificial neural networks using three-dimensional cellular automata inside field programmable gate arrays, he claimed that this approach would enable the creation of what he terms "artificial brains" which would surpass human levels of intelligence. He has more been noted for his belief that a major war between the supporters and opponents of intelligent machines, resulting in billions of deaths, is inevitable before the end of the 21st century, he suggests AIs may eliminate the human race, humans would be powerless to stop them because of technological singularity. This prediction has attracted debate and criticism from the AI research community, some of its more notable members, such as Kevin Warwick, Bill Joy, Ken MacLeod, Ray Kurzweil, Hans Moravec, have voiced their opinions on whether or not this future is likely.

De Garis studied theoretical physics, but he abandoned this field in favour of artificial intelligence. In 1992 he received his PhD from Université Libre de Belgium, he worked as a researcher at ATR, Japan from 1994–2000, a researcher at Starlab, Brussels from 2000–2001, associate professor of computer science at Utah State University from 2001–2006. Until his retirement in late 2010 he was a professor at Xiamen University, where he taught theoretical physics and computer science, ran the Artificial Brain Lab. From 1993 to 2000 de Garis participated in a research project at ATR's Human Information Processing Research Laboratories which aimed to create a billion-neuron artificial brain by the year 2001; the project was known as "cellular automata machine brain," or "CAM-Brain." During this 8-year span he and his fellow researchers published a series of papers in which they discussed the use of genetic algorithms to evolve neural structures inside 3D cellular automata. They argued that existing neural models had failed to produce intelligent behaviour because they were too small, that in order to create "artificial brains" it was necessary to manually assemble tens of thousands of evolved neural modules together, with the billion neuron "CAM-Brain" requiring around 10 million modules.

The design was simplified, in 1997 the "collect and distribute 1 bit" model was published, work began on a hardware implementation using Xilinx XC6264 FPGAs. This was to be known as the "CAM Brain Machine"; the researchers evolved cellular automata for several tasks: Reproducing the XOR function. Generating a bitstream that alternates between 1 three times. Generated a bitstream where the output alternates, but can be changed from a majority of 1s to a majority of 0s by toggling an input. Discriminating between two square wave inputs with a different period. Discriminating between horizontal lines and random noise; the project failed to produce a functional robot control system, ATR terminated it along with the closure of ATR-HIP in February 2001. The original aim of de Garis' work was to establish the field of "brain building" and to "create a trillion dollar industry within 20 years". Throughout the 90s his papers claimed that by 2001 the ATR "Robokoneko" project would develop a billion-neuron "cellular automata machine brain", with "computational power equivalent to 10,000 pentiums" that could simulate the brain of a real cat. de Garis received a US$0.4 million "fat brain building grant" to develop this.

The first "CAM-brain" was delivered to ATR in 1999. After receiving a further US$1 million grant at Starlab de Garis failed to deliver a working "brain" before Starlab's bankruptcy. At USU de Garis announced he was establishing a "brain builder" group to create a second generation "CAM-brain". de Garis published his last "CAM-Brain" research paper in 2002. He still works on evolvable hardware. Using a Celoxica FPGA board he says he can create up to 50,000 neural network modules for less than $3000. Since 2002 he has co-authored several papers on evolutionary algorithms, he believes that topological quantum computing is about to revolutionize computer science, hopes that his teaching will help his students to understand its principles. In 2008 de Garis received a 3 million Chinese yuan grant to build an artificial brain for China, as part of the Brain Builder Group at Wuhan University. Hugo de Garis retired in 2010. Before that he was director of the artificial brains lab at Xiamen University in China.

In 2013 he was studying Maths and Physics at PhD level and over the next 20 years plans to publish 500 graduate level free lecture videos. This is called "degarisMPC" and some lectures are available. De Garis's original work on "CAM-brain" machines was part of an 8-year research project, from 1993 to 2000, at the ATR Human Information Processing Research Laboratories in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. De Garis left in 2000, ATR-HIP was closed on 28 February 2001. de Garis mov

Anand Vihar Terminal railway station

Anand Vihar Terminal, is a railway station in the Anand Vihar locality of Delhi, India. It is under the administrative control of the Delhi Division of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways; this station was inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the Union Railway minister Mamata Banerjee, the Chief Minister of Delhi Sheila Dixit. The terminal, spread over 42 hectares is one of the largest railway stations and will cater to all East–bound trains from Delhi after the second phase becomes operational; the city of Delhi depends on the Rail transport to cater for the increasing load of passengers to their destinations. The long-distance trains from Delhi used to ply from three stations namely Delhi Junction, New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Stations; these stations lacked the infrastructure facilities to handle such high passenger rush. Delhi is the connecting station for the cities in the Northern states Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. With increasing passenger pressure at the existing stations, the requirement of additional major passenger terminals was identified by the Northern Railways.

The East-bound trains from Delhi to the states of Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand West Bengal and other North-eastern states had to cross the bridge over River Yamuna as all the three stations are located on the other side of the river. Thus, the area of Anand Vihar was selected in the trans-Yamuna region to construct a mega-railway terminal. In 2003, Union railway minister Nitish Kumar announced that Delhi would get a new rail terminal at Anand Vihar; the station was commissioned in the 2003 rail budget and in December 2003, Northern Railway floated a tender to employ consultants for Phase-I of Anand Vihar railway station project. The foundation stone of the station was laid by the Union Minister of Railways, Nitish Kumar on 25 January 2004; the first phase was expected to be completed by 2006. Due to the delay caused by various reasons, the construction was started by the Northern Railways in October 2006; the deadline for completion of the first phase was mid-2007, revised to March 2008 due to various reasons.

The station was declared clear for public use by the Commissioner of Railway Safety on 20 October 2009 and was inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the Former Union Railway minister, Mamata Banerjee and Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit. However, regular trains starting to ply from 10 March 2010 and the station continued functioning below capacity till a stampede at New Delhi station on 16 May 2010 made it clear that the New Delhi station handling 300,000 to around 500,000 passengers each day was saturated and thus the Northern Railways decided to transfer more trains to Anand Vihar and utilise it effectively. Northern Railways planned to shift around six more regular trains to Anand Vihar by mid-July and open the tender inviting global consultancies to propose a masterplan for the station Phase-II which included augmenting the number of platforms to 7 from the existing 3 platforms in the Phase-I of the project; the new terminal was developed to decongest the New Delhi Railway Station, Delhi Junction and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station.

The terminal is modeled on the lines of the Vashi station at Navi Mumbai. The new terminal helped to relieve congestion on roads into New Delhi, reducing the load of a million people daily entering the city; the railway terminal is integrated with the Anand Vihar Interstate Bus Terminal and the Anand Vihar station of the Delhi Metro located close by, thus transforming it into a major transportation hub of Delhi. Further, widening of the rail overbridge at Anand Vihar is planned as the current structure is not capable for handling the traffic. Phase I of the two-storey railway station was inaugurated on 19 December 2009 with three platforms, a coach maintenance yard and feeder lines to the Sahibabad Junction; this phase took five years to be completed. In the inauguration, two new trains – the Anand Vihar-Lucknow Special Train and the Ghaziabad-New Delhi Ladies Special Train were flagged off. A Delhi-Panipat EMU with number of coaches augmented from 12 to 15 was inaugurated; the two passenger trains to West Bengal-New Jalpaiguri Express and Farakka Express will be shifted to run from this terminal.

Further, three existing trains running from Nizamuddin and New Delhi stations to Varanasi and Motihari will be shifted to the new terminal to originate from there from March onwards. While the original deadline for completion of the first phase was mid-2007, it was revised to March 2008 and the project was delayed further due to various reasons; however regular trains from the station started on 10 March 2010. Many trains were shifted from New Delhi and other stations to Anand Vihar. A number of EMUs of the Delhi Suburban Railway pass through the station. Along with that several special trains are run from the station to accommodate the heavy rush of passengers. In phase II the number of platforms will be increased to seven in total and the terminal will have a capacity to handle over three lakh passengers and as many as 270 trains daily; the total cost of the terminal is estimated to be around ₹240 crore including the cost of phase I and it would have a new Passenger Reservation System. Phase II of the Anand Vihar makeover involves linking this terminal with the original Anand Vihar station, a roadside station comprising two platforms serviced by only sub-urban trains.

Northern Railways invited a consultant for Phase-II of Anand Vihar for upgrading the station with world-class facilities. The station has facili

New Day (TV program)

New Day is a weekday morning television show on CNN, anchored by Alisyn Camerota and John Berman, from the CNN studios at Hudson Yards in New York City. It began in June 2013. In 2014, Camerota replaced Kate Bolduan, the show's original co-host with Chris Cuomo, who himself departed the show in May 2018; the weekend editions, known as New Day Saturday and New Day Sunday, are anchored by Victor Blackwell and Christi Paul, from the network's world headquarters at CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia. The first two hours of the weekday editions of the programme are simulcast on CNN International. New Day premiered on June 17, 2013, airs from 6:00-9:00 a.m. ET, originating from CNN's Hudson Yards studios in New York City. New Day replaced Starting Point anchored by Soledad O'Brien, which had aired since January 2, 2012. Chris Cuomo joined CNN from ABC News in January 2013. Michaela Pereira joined CNN from Los Angeles' KTLA in May 2013. Former Good Morning America and CBS Evening News executive producer Jim Murphy was senior executive producer from launch until 2017.

Izzy Povich has taken over as morning VP. Javier Morgado is the executive producer. Pereira departed the show on April 29, 2016. Pereira now anchors a live, two-hour daytime news program on CNN’s sister channel HLN, which began in July 2016; the New Day set, located in Studio 71 at Time Warner Center, consists of a red/orange-colored faux brick background, highlighted by spot lighting, with inset LCD panels, glass-fronted cubicles, a glass-topped desk on a central podium. It was designed by multiple Emmy Award-winning design agency, Jack Morton PDG, which has designed the studio sets for The View on ABC, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert on CBS, The Daily Show on Comedy Central and Last Week Tonight with John Oliver on HBO. Mediaite ranked New Day as the best morning cable news show of 2018, in addition saying Avlon's Reality Check segment is, "a winning addition to the show — his comprehensive fact-check segments are a standout, a welcome feature on television in a current era lacking in reality-based news coverage."

Alisyn Camerota, anchor John Berman, anchor John Avlon, commentator Chris Cuomo, anchor Kate Bolduan, anchor Michaela Pereira, news anchor Indra Petersons, on-air meteorologist Victor Blackwell, weekend anchor Christi Paul, weekend anchor Official Website New Day on IMDb New Day on

Juan Carlos Romero (politician)

Juan Carlos Romero is an Argentine Justicialist Party politician and senator, was governor of Salta Province for 12 years. Romero was born in Salta where his father Roberto Romero was a politician governor of the province, he studied law and political science at the University of Buenos Aires. A lawyer, he became deputy editor, editor of the Salta newspaper founded by his father, El Tribuno, from 1974. In 1986 Romero became a Senator for Salta Province, he took a leading role in economics and was re-elected in 1992. In 1995 he was elected governor of Salta and was re-elected in 1999 and 2003, he launched a bid for the presidency ahead of the 2003 general election, though he ran as Carlos Menem's running mate on the Peronist Front for Loyalty ticket. They narrowly won the first round, but poor polling numbers persuaded Menem and Romero to forfeit the runoff. In 2007 he was again elected a Senator, with Juan Manuel Urtubey being elected governor of Salta. Romero was appointed Vice-President of the Senate in December 2007.

Although he had opposed Kirchnerism, he sat in the governing Front for Victory block in the Senate until 20 February 2009 when he announced that he and his fellow Salta Senator, Sonia Escudero, would be leaving the majority block. Romero has four children. Official site Senate profile

Rico Hines

DaRico Travone Hines is an American basketball coach. He serves as player development coach of the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association, he played college basketball with the UCLA Bruins. Hines received a bachelor's degree in history from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 2002, with a minor in African-American studies. From 2006-2010 Hines worked as a player/athletic development assistant for the NBA's Golden State Warriors where he worked under head coach Don Nelson. From 2010-2015, he joined the St John's Red Storm as an Assistant Basketball Coach under Head Coach Steve Lavin. On September 28, 2016, Hines was named assistant coach of the Reno Bighorns of the NBA Development League. Hines married actress Tichina Arnold on August 18, 2012. Arnold is best known for her role as Pamela James in the FOX sitcom Martin. In January 2016, Tichina Arnold told People Magazine that she would be divorcing Hines due to a scandal involving infidelity. UCLA bio

Horizon (archaeology)

In archaeology, the general meaning of horizon is a distinctive type of sediment, style or other cultural trait, found across a large geographical area, from a limited time period. The term derives from similar ones in geology, horizon or marker horizon, but where these have natural causes, archaeological horizons are caused by man. Most there is a change in the type of pottery found, in the style of less frequent major artefacts. Across a horizon the same type of artefact or style is found widely over a large area, it can be assumed that these traces are contemporary; the term is used to denote a series of stratigraphic relationships that constitute a phase, or are part of the process of determining the archaeological phases of a site. An archaeological horizon can be understood as a break in contexts formed in the Harris matrix, which denotes a change in epoch on a given site by delineation in time of finds found within contexts. An example of a horizon is the dark earth horizon in England, which separates Roman artefacts from medieval artefacts and which may indicate the abandonment of urban areas in Roman Britain during the 2nd to 5th centuries.

The term'archaeological horizon' is sometimes, somewhat incorrectly, used in place of the term layer or strata. In the archaeology of the Americas "Horizon" terminology, used as proper names, has become used for schemes of periodization of major periods. "Horizons" are periods of cultural stability and political unity, with "Intermediate periods" covering the politically fragmented transition between them. In the periodization of pre-Columbian Peru and the Central Andes there are three Horizon periods, with two Intermediate periods between them; the Horizons, their dominant cultures are: Early Horizon, Chavin. The same terms are sometimes used for the Mesoamerican chronology, though there the five stages defined by Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips in 1958 remain dominant, the Formative stage, Classic stage and Post-Classic stage cover similar periods. More lower-case horizons such as an "Olmec horizon" are referred to for the region. Horizon Pool, Christopher A.. Olmec Archaeology and Early Mesoamerica.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-78882-3. David W. Anthony. "How to Reconstruct a Dead Culture". The Horse, the Wheel, Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press. Pp. 131–. ISBN 978-0-691-05887-0. Retrieved 21 October 2011