Chillagoe is a town and locality in northern Queensland, Australia. It is within the local government area of Shire of Mareeba, it was once a thriving mining town for a range of minerals, but is now reduced to a small zinc mine and some marble quarries. In the 2011 census, Chillagoe had a population of 192 people. Just out of town is the Chillagoe-Mungana Caves National Park containing limestone caves. There are between 1,000 caves in the Chillagoe-Mungana area; the caves, the spectacular karst landscape and the mining and smelting history are the main tourist attractions to the region. It has been stated by leading geologist Professor Ian Plimer that the Chillagoe region has the most diverse geology in the world. Chillagoe was named by William Atherton in 1888; the name is taken from the refrain of a sea shanty: "Hikey, Psyche, Chillagoe, Walabadorie". James Mulligan had explored the area in 1873 and Atherton backed up his reports of rich copper outcrops in the area. Mining pioneer John Moffat sent prospectors to the field in 1888 and monopolised the field.
A receiving office opened in 1891 but closed in 1893. A post office opened in 1900 with F. Donner as the postmaster; the Chillagoe Railway and Mining Company's line opened from Mareeba in 1901 and a Town Reserve was proclaimed 27 October 1910. Chillagoe is sometimes remembered for its involvement in the Mungana affair, a mining scandal which brought down the government. In 1919, after fluctuating fortunes and closures, ownership of the smelter was transferred to the Queensland Government; this acquisition by the Labor Government brought allegations of political corruption which persisted for many years. Closures plagued the smelter again in the late 1920s; when the Labor Party lost power in 1929, the new government ordered a Royal Commission into the incident. The political careers of two former Queensland Premiers,'Red' Ted Theodore and William McCormack, were ruined by the Commission’s report. Read the famous book by Frank Hardy: "Power without Glory"; the Chillagoe Public Library opened in 2002.
Chillagoe State School opened on 1 April 1902. At the 2006 census, Chillagoe had a population of 227. Chillagoe has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Chillagoe smelters Mungana Archaeological Area Woothakata is a property on beautiful Chillagoe creek named after the early Tableland shire which Chillagoe was a part of. Woothakata is an Aboriginal word which describes the way Aborigines traveled to Ngarrabullgan/Mount Mulligan, an important meeting place; the heritage-listed Chillagoe smelters, the cemetery and the many old mines attract history buffs to the area. The Mareeba Shire Council operates a public library in Chillagoe at 21-23 Queen Street. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Chillagoe and Chillagoe Shire
Coen is a town and locality in the Shire of Cook, Australia. The town of Coen is inland on the Peninsula Developmental Road, the main road on the Cape York Peninsula in far northern Queensland. In the 2011 census, Coen had a population of 416 people; the locality of Coen is on the eastern side of Cape York Peninsula with the Coral Sea forming its eastern boundary. Part of the northern boundary follows the Archer River, while the Coen River forms part of its western boundary; the Peninsula Developmental Road runs north to south through the locality. In 1623, Jan Carstensz, the navigator of the ship Pera of the Dutch East India Company named a river on Cape York Peninsula after Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. Today that river is known as the Archer River and the name Coen River is given to one of its tributaries. Gold was discovered on the Coen River in 1876. Coen came into being first as a small fort built by gold miners and prospectors in May 1877 but this first gold rush came to an end, the settlement did not recover until 1883.
It became a centre for several small goldmines in the region but, in 1893, the rich Great Northern mine boomed and the town became a more substantial place. Coen Post Office opened on 20 June 1893; the Great Northern mine continued operations until 1916 and produced some 52,000 troy ounces of gold before it closed. On 3 July 2014, Barry Port retired from the Queensland Police, he was Australia's last Aboriginal police tracker. In his 36 years working for the police, he has tracked criminals, missing stowaways. Today Coen provides services to the region, is an important supply point on the long unpaved road leading to Weipa and other northern communities, it is a popular stopping point for tourists driving to the tip of Cape York - the northernmost part of the Australian mainland. It has an airstrip at Coen Airport, public library, hotel/motel, guest house, two general stores and fuel outlets, post office, police station, camping grounds, primary school kindergarten, ranger base and more. There is a scheduled air service to Cairns four times a week.
Coen is an ideal destination for birdwatchers: there are good accommodations and a large and varied bird fauna with representatives from rain forest, monsoon forest and coastal forests. Coen has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Coleman Close: Coen Carrier Station Moon, Ron & Viv. 2003. Cape York: An Adventurer's Guide. 9th edition. Moon Adventure Publications, Victoria. ISBN 0-9578766-4-5 Roberts, Jan. 1981. Massacres to Mining: The Colonization of Aboriginal Australia. Dove Communications, Victoria. Rev. Australian ed. Previous ed.: CIMRA and War on Want, 1978, London. ISBN 0-85924-171-8. Premier's Department. 1989. Cape York Peninsula Resource Analysis. Cairns.. ISBN 0-7242-7008-6 Ryan and Burwell, eds. 2000. Wildlife of Tropical North Queensland: Cooktown to Mackay. Queensland Museum, Brisbane. ISBN 0-85905-045-9. Scarth-Johnson, Vera. 2000. National Treasures: Flowering plants of Cooktown and Northern Australia. Vera Scarth-Johnson Gallery Association, Cooktown. ISBN 0-646-39726-5. Sutton, Peter.
Languages of Cape York: Papers presented to a Symposium organised by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.. ISBN 0-85575-046-4 Wallace, Lennie. 2003. Cape York Peninsula: A History of Unlauded Heroes 1845-2003. Central Queensland University Press, Rockhampton. ISBN 1-876780-43-6 Wynter, Jo and Hill, John. 1991. Cape York Peninsula: Pathways to Community Economic Development; the Final Report of The Community Economic Development Projects Cook Shire. Cook Shire Council. McIvor, Roy. Cockatoo: My Life in Cape York. Stories and Art. Roy McIvor. Magabala Books. Broome, Western Australia. ISBN 978-1-921248-22-1
Malanda is a town and locality on the Atherton Tableland in the Tablelands Region, Far North Queensland, Australia. In the 2011 census, Malanda had a population of 2,052 people. Malanda first developed in the 1900s after the discovery of tin and copper at Herberton saw a steady stream of miners and engineers moving over the mountains from the coast. Malanda is located 732 metres above sea level; the town is located downstream of the Malanda Falls on the North Johnstone River. The name Malanda is synonymous throughout North Queensland with cheese. Local promoters, noting that Malanda milk is sold in the Northern Territory and as far north as Weipa, declared Malanda to be'the headquarters for one of the largest and longest milk runs in the world'; the milk is exported to Indonesia and Malaysia. Malanda Milk is now a part of Dairy Farmers, but with a shorter milk run, only as far south as Mackay and as far north as Darwin. Malanda formed part of Ngajanji territory. In 1886 a decision was made to build a railway into the area but the problems of construction were enormous.
Over 3,412 kilometres of railway was installed into the region in the next six years. By 1890 the Tablelands railway line had reached Kuranda, it pushed on to Mareeba in 1893 and Atherton in 1903 and did not reach Malanda until 1911. The line closed in 1964. In 1908, James English and James Emerson both moved into the area. Both saw the district's dairy potential. English brought cattle from Kiama and the Richmond River areas in New South Wales and Emerson had a herd of 1,026 cattle overlanded from Lismore, they only 560 survived the journey. Despite this arduous start the industry grew and by 1919 Malanda had its own butter factory. In 1973 this amalgamated with the factory in Millaa Millaa to form the Atherton Tablelands Co-operative Dairy Association. In 1910, in response to a developing local industry, John Prince established a sawmill in Malanda, it was from this mill. Malanda Post Office opened by January 1912; the northern entrance to the town passes the Malanda Falls. In comparison to the spectacular gorges of the escarpment the falls were created by the last flow of lava from the Malanda Shield Volcano with a cascade of only 4 meters.
The town's swimming pool lies at the bottom of the falls. The name'Malanda', according to some sources, was the local Aboriginal word meaning'waterfalls'; the Malanda Library and Customer Service Centre building opened in 1990. At the 2006 census, Malanda had a population of 1,009. Malanda has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 1 Eacham Place: Majestic Picture Theatre Malanda Falls Park: Malanda Falls Swimming Pool Monash Ave: St James Catholic Church The Malanda Falls Conservation Park — just opposite the Malanda Falls the park offers a short walk through the rainforest and an opportunity to see a wide range of rainforest trees; the Peeramon Hotel — 6 kilometres to the east of the town is the Peeramon Hotel, once a siding for the Tolga-Millaa Millaa railway. Today the solitary pub is the only reminder of a once-thriving town, surveyed in 1907; the publican has a collection of antique telephones. The hotel suffered some serious damage from Cyclone Larry in March 2006; the Malanda Art Trail starts at the town library.
Nine vibrant artworks commemorate the rich history of Malanda's community - the Original Inhabitants and Struggles, Commerce, Early Settlers, the Dairy Industry and Looking Ahead. Close study of the individual mosaics reveals many details camouflaged in the intricate designs, the handmade ceramic border tiles tell more about the theme of the central mosaic. Mosaics were made by former resident Felicity Wallis. Swim with platypus at the base of Malanda Falls in the crocodile-free North Johnstone river. Drive right over the top of Malanda Falls, where tree-kangaroos have been noted crossing the road; the Majestic Theatre is said to be the oldest continually-operating cinema in Australia and has potato sack seating on 14 December 1929 it was dedicated by Fred Browning, Superintendent of the Atherton Ambulance centre. Mr. Browning produced, stage performed in the opening concert; the Malanda Hotel has a grand ballroom and staircase and is claimed to be the largest wooden structure in Australia. The Historical Resource Centre in Elizabeth Street is the meeting room and archival repository for all printed and photographic collections of the Eacham Historical Society.
It houses a comprehensive library of books pertaining to the history of North Queensland. These books are available for perusal and study at the centre by students and members of the general public. Books can be borrowed by members of the society; the Land Settlement Registers, which contain the names of all the first settlers in the Atherton Land Agent's District, are available for perusal and research. The handwritten registers contain a wealth of information about the early settlement of the Atherton tablelands; the Resource Centre is open Tuesday evenings 7.30 pm to 9.30 pm, Thursday mornings, 9.00 am to noon. Malanda State School caters for students from Prep to Year 6, it opened on 4 August 1913. Malanda State High School is for students from Year 7 to Year 12, it opened on 23 January 1961. Tablelands Regional Council operates the Malanda Library at Malanda, it is open Tuesday to Saturday. The Malanda branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 3 Elizabeth Street.
Charles English, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly Jack M
Georgetown is a town and locality in the Shire of Etheridge, Australia. In the 2011 census, Georgetown had a population of 243 people. Georgetown is on the Etheridge River in Australia; the Gulf Developmental Road passes through the town, linking Cairns - 380 kilometres to the east - and Normanton - 301 kilometres to the west. Georgetown is the administrative headquarters of the Shire of Etheridge, a local government area encompassing the nearby settlements of Mount Surprise and Einasleigh. Georgetown area may have been part of North America 1.7 billion years ago based on the characteristics of rocks found in Georgetown matching those of northern Canada rather than the rest of Australia. Researchers at Curtin University have postulated that 100 million years this landmass collided with what is now northern Australia, at the Mount Isa region, forming the Nuna supercontinent. Georgetown was on the northern border of Ewamin lands; the Etheridge River was the site of a gold rush in the 1870s. Known by the name Etheridge, the town's name was changed in 1871 to honour an early gold commissioner, Howard St George.
Georgetown Post Office opened on 15 January 1872. Georgetown State School opened on 14 September 1874. By 1900 grazing had replaced gold mining as the region's primary source of income; the Georgetown Public Library opened in 2003. At the 2006 census, Georgetown had a population of 254. Georgetown has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Gulf Developmental Road: Aspasia Mine and Battery South Street: Antbed House Georgetown has a racecourse, swimming pool and a tourist information centre and camping/caravan park; the Etheridge Shire Council operates a public library at Georgetown. The Georgetown branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms on the Gulf Developmental Road; the Terrestrial Information Centre contains the Ted Elliot Mineral Collection, comprising over 4500 local and international mineral specimens. In 2014, Georgetown State School had an enrolment of 57 students with 3 teachers. Georgetown is one of the real locations mentioned several times in the novel A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute.
University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Georgetown Etheridge Shire Council Town information Town map, 1983 1.7-Billion-Year-Old Chunk of North America Found Sticking to Australia
Cassowary Coast Region
The Cassowary Coast Region is a local government area in the Far North Queensland region of Queensland, south of Cairns and centred on the towns of Innisfail and Tully. It was created in 2008 from a merger of the Shire of Johnstone; the Regional Council, which administers the Region, has an estimated operating budget of A$64 million. Prior to the 2008 amalgamation, the Cassowary Coast Region consisted of the entire area of two previous local government areas: the Shire of Cardwell and the Shire of JohnstoneThe Hinchinbrook Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. On 28 October 1881, the Johnstone Division split away from it. On 18 January 1884, the Cardwell Division split away. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, both Cardwell and Johnstone became shires on 31 March 1903. In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that Cardwell and Johnstone merge. Cardwell was in particular opposed because Johnstone was rated as "financially distressed" and its council had just been sacked by the state government.
On 15 March 2008, the two shires formally ceased to exist, elections were held on the same day to elect six councillors and a mayor to the Regional Council. 2008 - 2016: Bill Shannon 2016 -: John Kremastos Although the commission recommended the council be undivided with six councillors and a mayor, the gazetted form was that of six divisions each electing a single councillor, plus a mayor. Those elected on April 2016 were: Mayor: John Kremastos Division 1 councillor: Glenn Raleigh Division 2 councillor: Rick Taylor Division 3 councillor: Wayne Kimberley Division 4 councillor: Mark Nolan Division 5 councillor: Jeff Baines Division 6 councillor: Ben Heath The Cassowary Coast Region includes the following settlements: 1 - shared with Cairns Region2 - shared with Tablelands Region3 - shared with Cairns Region and Tablelands Region The Cassowary Coast Regional Council operate public libraries in Cardwell, Tully and Wongaling Beach; the populations given relate to the component entities prior to 2008.
The next census, due in 2011, will be the first for the new Region. As part of preparing the Cassowary Coast Planning Scheme 2014, the council consulted with the region's heritage groups to compile a list of local heritage places. 2008 Election results – Mayoral 2008 Election results – Councillors University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Cassowary Coast Regional Council "Cassowary Coast Regional Council: Local Heritage Places". Cassowary Coast Regional Council. May 2013. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014
Normanton is a small cattle town and locality in the Shire of Carpentaria in Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Normanton had a population of 1,210 people of whom 743 were Indigenous Australians; the town is one terminus of the isolated Normanton to Croydon railway line, built during gold rush days in the 1890s. The Gulflander motor train operates once a week. Normanton is the administrative centre of Shire of Carpentaria. Among Normanton's most notable features is a statue of an 8.64 m long saltwater crocodile named Krys, the largest taken, shot by Krystina Pawlowska in July 1957 in the Norman River. Barramundi and Threadfin Salmon may be caught in the river; the Big Barramundi, 6 m long is located in the town. Normanton is in the Gulf Country region of northwest Queensland, just south of the Gulf of Carpentaria, on the Norman River. An unusual feature 106 km southwest of Normanton is Bang Bang Jump Up, one of the few hills located in the middle of an expansive, flat grassland; the town takes its name from the Norman River, named in honour of William Henry Norman of the Victorian Naval Force, who commanded a ship in the search for the explorers Burke and Wills and conducted hydrographic surveys of the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Torres Strait to identify reefs and other marine hazards.
The site for the town was selected because Burketown was abandoned owing to flooding. Settlers moved into the town in 1867. Normanton attracted people including Chinese drawn to the gold fields. Norman River Post Office opened on 13 June 1868 and was renamed Normanton by 1872; the town contains operating Burns Philp store in Queensland. The general mercantile store and agency office was opened in 1884; the population reached 1,251 by 1891. The gold boom was short-lived. By 1947 the town's population had declined to 234. In the early years there was a large Aboriginal population as well; some Aboriginal people were moved to Mornington Doomadgee in the early 20th century. The Normanton library was opened in 2004. In 2006 census, the town's population was 60 per cent of whom were Indigenous Australians. Normanton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Burke and Wills Access Road: Burke and Wills Camp B/CXIX Burke Developmental Road: Normanton Cemetery 27 Haigh Street: Normanton Gaol cnr Landsborough Street and Caroline Street: Burns Philp Building Landsborough Street: Westpac Bank Building Matilda Street: Normanton railway station Normanton to Croydon: Normanton to Croydon railway line Like other Gulf communities the prawning industry makes an important economic contribution to the town.
Tourism has become an important part of the economy of Normanton, with Gulflander a significant draw-card. Normanton has a sports centre, golf course, bowling green, gun club, rodeo ground, an aerodrome. Normanton public library and visitor information services are located in the historic Burns Philp Building at the corner of Caroline and Landsborough Streets; the Normanton branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms in Landsborough Street. Normanton State School opened on 8 September 1882; the school celebrated its centenary in 1982. Six kilometres south of the town is the start of the Gulf Developmental Road, part of the Savannah Way tourist drive. A 151km remnant of historical railway operates weekly to Croydon; the Normanton railway station features a large steel frame with an open canopy to provide shade. Normanton has a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons. There is a hot and uncomfortable wet season from December to March and a hot and rainless dry season extending from April to November.
During the wet season most roads in the area are closed by heavy rainfall, which on several occasions has exceeded 650 millimetres in a month or 250 millimetres in a day from tropical cyclones. On occasions, as with all of Queensland, the wet season may fail and deliver as little as 240 millimetres between December 1934 and March 1935Temperatures are uniformly hot, ranging from 36.8 °C in November just before the wet season begins to 29 °C at the height of the dry season in July. In the wet season, temperatures are marginally lower, but high humidity means conditions are uncomfortable and wet bulb temperatures averages 25 °C and can reach 28 °C. In the dry season, lower humidity, cloudless days and cool nights provides for more pleasant conditions. Normanton Airport "Normanton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. 1911. P. 765. University of Queensland: Queensland Places:Normanton Normanton Normanton page from Carpentaria Shire Council website Town map of Normanton, 1983