1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Kentucky Lake is a major navigable reservoir along the Tennessee River in Kentucky and Tennessee. Created in 1944 by the Tennessee Valley Authority's impounding of the Tennessee River by Kentucky Dam, the 160,309-acre lake is the largest artificial lake by surface area in the United States east of the Mississippi River, with 2,064 miles of shoreline, although the nearby Lake Barkley is larger by volume. Kentucky Lake has a flood storage capacity of 4,008,000 acre-feet, more than 2.5 times of the next largest lake in the TVA system. It provides a source for hydro-electric power and, as one of the lakes alluded to by the name of Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area, is a recreational magnet in western Kentucky and Tennessee; the lake holds records for the largest of three species of fish taken in Kentucky: white bass, Buffalo carp, yellow perch. It is the major attraction for two Kentucky state parks: Kentucky Dam Village State Resort Park to the north and Kenlake State Resort Park to the west.
Dams and reservoirs of the Tennessee River Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area Kenlake State Resort Park Kentucky Dam Village State Resort Park Eggner's Ferry Bridge Visitor's guide by Marshall County, Kentucky Tourist Commission KentuckyLake.com Kentucky Lake, Lake Barkely & Land Between the Lakes Information KentuckyLake. TV Collection of informational videos on Kentucky Lake LBLGuide.com Informational site about Kentucky Lake and the Land Between the Lakes area
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Dickson County, Tennessee
Dickson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,666, its county seat is Charlotte. Dickson County is part of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dickson County is home to Tennessee's oldest courthouse in continuous use, built in 1835; this is the second courthouse in Charlotte as the first one, a log building, was destroyed in the Tornado of 1833, which destroyed all but one building on the courthouse square. October 25, 1803 the Tennessee General Assembly passed a bill creating Dickson County, the 25th of Tennessee's 95 counties, it was formed from parts of Montgomery and Robertson counties, was named for William Dickson, a Nashville physician serving in the United States Congress. Dickson never lived in the county. Dickson was a close friend of President Andrew Jackson. General James Robertson built. Robertson sold his furnace in 1804 to Montgomery Bell, who became one of the state's wealthiest capitalists and industrialists.
The Ruskin Colony was a 250-member, utopian socialist cooperative established in Dickson County in 1894. Located near Tennessee City, it relocated to what is now Ruskin. Internal conflict had brought about the dissolution of the colony by 1899; the Coming Nation, a socialist communalist paper established by Julius Augustus Wayland in Greensburg, was relocated to the Ruskin Colony. It was the forerunner of the Appeal to Reason, which became a weekly political newspaper published in the American Midwest from 1895 until 1922; the Appeal to Reason was known for its politics, giving support to the Farmers' Alliance and People's Party, before becoming a mainstay of the Socialist Party of America following its establishment in 1901. Using a network of motivated volunteers known as the "Appeal Army" to increase its subscription sales, the Appeal's paid circulation climbed to over a quarter million by 1906, half a million by 1910, making it the largest-circulation socialist newspaper in American history.
In July 1917, a mass meeting was held in the Alamo Theatre in Dickson to raise $760 to pay for the surveying of the Bristol to Memphis Highway through Dickson County. The money was raised in less than 15 minutes by donations from those present at the meeting. State highway surveyors began surveying the route on August 14, 1917; the building of this highway put the county along the route known as the “Broadway of America,” Highway 70. On November 4, 1952, Frank G. Clement of Dickson was elected Governor of Tennessee, he served as governor from 1953 to 1959, again from 1963 to 1967. Known for his energetic speaking ability, he delivered the keynote address at the 1956 Democratic National Convention; the Hotel Halbrook, where Clement was born, still stands in Dickson, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 491 square miles, of which 490 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles is water. Dickson County is bordered on the northeast by the Cumberland River.
The Harpeth River passes along the county's eastern border. Ruskin Cave, site of the former socialist colony, is located 8 miles northwest of Dickson. Montgomery County Cheatham County Williamson County Hickman County Humphreys County Houston County Cheatham Lake Wildlife Management Area Hotel Halbrook Railroad and Local History Museum Montgomery Bell State Natural Area Montgomery Bell State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 43,156 people, 16,473 households, 12,173 families residing in the county; the population density was 88 people per square mile. There were 17,614 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.25% European American, 4.58% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,473 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.10% were non-families.
22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,056, the median income for a family was $45,575. Males had a median income of $32,252 versus $23,686 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,043. About 8.10% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over. By 2005 the county had a population, 92.0% non-Hispanic white, 4.4% African-American and 1.7% Latino. The 12-member county commission is the legislative body of Dickson County.
One commissioner is elected from each of the county’s 12 commission districts. The county mayor chairs the commission. Commissioners are charged with appropriating funds for the county departments, setting the prope
Stewart County, Tennessee
Stewart County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,324, its county seat is Dover. Stewart County is part of the Clarksville Metropolitan Statistical Area. Stewart County was created in 1803 from a portion of Montgomery County, was named for Duncan Stewart, an early settler and state legislator.. The first County Court met in March, 1804. After the February 1862 Battle of Fort Donelson, the county seat, was burned in August, 1862 by Union troops to prevent its re-capture by Lt. Col. Thomas G. Woodward. A second battle called the Battle of Dover, took place in February, 1863. Tobaccoport Saltpeter Cave was intensely mined for saltpeter during the War of 1812. Saltpeter was obtained by leaching the earth from the cave; this area fell under Union control in February 1862, early in the Civil War, it seems unlikely that mining could have happened before that. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 493 square miles, of which 459 square miles is land and 34 square miles is water.
The county lies in a rugged section of the northwestern Highland Rim. The Cumberland River traverses the county; the Tennessee River provides the county's border with Henry County to the west. Federal and state agencies control nearly 44% of the land in the county. Trigg County, Kentucky Christian County, Kentucky Montgomery County Houston County Benton County Henry County Calloway County, Kentucky Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge Fort Donelson National Battlefield Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area Barkley Wildlife Management Area Stewart State Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 12,370 people, 4,930 households, 3,653 families residing in the county; the population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 5,977 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races.
1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,930 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,316, the median income for a family was $38,655. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $21,985 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,302.
About 10.60% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over. The county is part of Tennessee's 8th congressional district, traditionally voted Democratic as it was powerfully secessionist. In fact, before 1972 no Republican had won thirty percent of Stewart County’s vote, up to 2000 Richard Nixon in his 3,000-plus-county landslide of 1972 was the only GOP candidate to reach forty percent; the solitary time before 2000 when a Democratic candidate lost Stewart County was the 1968 win by George Wallace of the American Independent Party, following which it became one of only six Wallace counties to support George McGovern. However, Stewart County has trended Republican in recent presidential elections, due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues. In the 2008 presidential election, John McCain received 53.7% of the vote, making him the first Republican to carry the county.
Stewart County was the sole county in Tennessee that had never voted for a Republican presidential candidate in the last 100 years. In 2016, Donald Trump continued this rapid GOP trend, gaining a proportion only marginally less than the GOP gained in Unionist counties of East Tennessee and the Highland Rim. WTPR-FM 101.7 - "The Greatest Hits of All Time" WTPR-AM 710 - "The Greatest Hits of All Time" WAKQ-FM 105.5 - "Today's Best Music with Ace & TJ in the Morning" Dover Cumberland City Tennessee Ridge Bear Spring Big Rock Bumpus Mills Indian Mound National Register of Historic Places listings in Stewart County, Tennessee Official website Stewart County Chamber of Commerce Stewart County Schools TNGenWeb Stewart County at Curlie
Perry County, Tennessee
Perry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,915, its county seat is Linden. The county was named after the War of 1812 naval hero Oliver Hazard Perry. Perry County is served by Perry County Airport near Linden. Mousetail Landing State Park is located in the county. Perry County was formed in 1819 from parts of Hickman counties, it is named in honor of Oliver Hazard Perry, American War of 1812 naval officer who, after his flagship was damaged, continued the fight from another ship and forced the surrender of the British fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie. Decatur County was formed from the portions of Perry County west of the Tennessee River; the first settlements in the county were along Toms Creek near the Tennessee River, with the first known birth in the area occurring in 1818. This is the first written date involving the area that would become Perry County, but it is evident that the area had some European permanent settlement prior to this.
The seat of government and courts were located in a small town known as Harrisburg 4 miles south of the current seat of Linden. The county seat was transferred to its current location in Linden in 1848, where the current courthouse stands today. Harrisburg no longer exists as recognized location. Perry County was impacted by the economic recession of 2008 and 2009. Unemployment reached 27%, making it the highest in the state of Tennessee, one of the highest in the United States; the massive amount of unemployment was due to the closure of a major automotive parts plant that employed a significant portion of the county's residents. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 423 square miles, of which 415 square miles is land and 8.1 square miles is water. Perry County is bordered on the west by the Tennessee River, is bisected by the Buffalo River; the eastern portion of Perry County is drained by the Buffalo River and the western portion by the Tennessee River. Humphreys County Hickman County Lewis County Wayne County Decatur County Benton County Mousetail Landing State Park As of the census of 2010, there were 7,915 people, 2,977 households residing in the county.
The average household size was 2.55. The population density was 19.1 people per square mile. There were 4,599 housing units; the racial makeup of the county was 95.8% White, 1.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.5% from two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 52.9% from 18 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. 49.8% of the population was female. The median age for the county was 41.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $32,054; the per capita income for the county was $16,367. About 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line. Perry County has the lowest population density of any county in Tennessee. Lobelville Linden Historically, like most of Middle Tennessee, Perry County was overwhelmingly Democratic, it did vote for Warren G. Harding in his record popular vote landslide of 1920, but otherwise no Republican Presidential candidate managed to carry the county up to 2004.
It did, give a plurality to segregationist Alabama Governor George Wallace in 1968, but became one of only six Wallace counties to vote for George McGovern against Richard Nixon’s 3,000-plus-county landslide of 1972. Since 2000, Perry County has seen a rapid trend towards the Republican Party. In 2016, this Democratic county was only marginally less Republican than traditional Unionist Republican bastions of East Tennessee. Kelsie B. Harder – American professor and onomastician National Register of Historic Places listings in Perry County, Tennessee Perry County Courthouse Perry County Chamber of Commerce Perry County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Perry County at Curlie