Braunstone is a civil parish and is the largest parish within the district of Blaby in Leicestershire, now known as the Town of Braunstone or more Braunstone Town. In 2007 the population was around 15,000. There are around 7,500 households including Thorpe Astley. At the 2011 census the population of the civil parish had increased to 16,850. Braunstone is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, giving a population of "two sokemen and four villeins"; the village remained a small settlement until 1925 when the Leicester Corporation compulsorily purchased the bulk of the Winstanley Braunstone Hall estate. It is just outside the city boundary of Leicester, the part of the old civil parish now inside the city boundary is called Braunstone; this part of the parish, which contains a large council estate was detached in 1935 from the Blaby district and Braunstone Parish to become part of the county borough of Leicester, hence the present split. The use of the name Braunstone Town is more recent, is an attempt by Braunstone Town Council to distinguish their village from the council estate of the same name.
Braunstone Town is adjacent to the M1 motorway and is adjoined by the Meridian Business and Leisure Parks, the Fosse Shopping Park and Grove Triangle retail outlets. Although the parish doesn't have a railway station of its own, Leicester station is close. Leicester PlusBus, is a scheme where bus tickets can be bought together at a saving; the earliest dated human find recorded is a Bronze Age axe found in 1893. Next came the building of the Roman road from Leicester, through the site of the Narborough Road South to the High Cross near Sharnford, it is evident that the Vikings of the early or period had settlements in or near Braunstone, hence the nearby names of Viking origin – Lubbesthorpe, Enderby, Cosby, Kirby etc. Throughout the above period Braunstone was covered with forest as were most county areas surrounding – in what was known as Leicester Forest, but like most forests these were composed of a series of large woods containing small early settlements or hamlets inter-connected by rough trackways – from which most of our public field paths owe their origin.
Braunstone is mentioned in the Domesday Book where it is referred to as BRANTESTONE or BRANSTUN "Braunstone – six plough lands, all but for oxgangs, in Braunstone, the reign of The Confessor had been valued at twenty shillings, were worth sixty shillings at the general survey and were held by the son of Robert Burdet. The land was equal to four ploughs, one was in Demesne, four Bondmen. There was a wood five furlongs long and three broad, there were 5 acres of meadow. Two socmen abiding in Braunstone had five oxgangs of land in Lubbesthorpe; the above lands were held by Robert Burdet under Hugh de Grandmesnil, one of William I’s most powerful barons. Notes: A ploughland or carvcate = about 80 to 120 acres of land. Socmen = Scandinavian Villan = Peasant or serf. NOTE: A copy of the Domesday Book is displayed at the Civic Centre; the first Lord of the Manor was de Grandmesnil. At this time the village was worth about 60 shillings; the Harcourt or Horecut family held the over-riding interest in the estate from the 13th to the 16th Century.
A survey taken in 1299 showed a growth to 24 households in the village. The fourteenth century saw several outbreaks of the Black Death in the area, its effect on Braunstone is not recorded, but nearby Glenfield was affected. At this time the Leicester Forest extended into Braunstone as far as Bendbow Spinney. Several portions of Braunstone were sold off in the late 16th Century. 150 acres of arable land were sold to the Manners family in 1579 and a further 100 acres went to the Bennett family ten years later. 240 acres of land were converted to pasture in 1596 by the Hastings family who owned the estate at that time. Woodlands were converted to pastures for sheep – being the more profitable husbandry. Leicester Forest was enclosed in 1628. Villagers of Braunstone were compensated for the loss of Forestry Rights; the 18th Century was a period of prosperity for Braunstone. The largest estate of the time was owned by Abraham Compton and comprised 68 ewes, 25 lambs, 14 cows, 6 heifers, 4 calves and 6 pigs.
In 1750 James Winstanley III tried to sink a pit on the manor. His attempts were thwarted when his bore hole was filled with stones by intruders, thought to be from local mining districts. In the 1820s Braunstone was known as a place to go fox-hunting. Charles Loraine Smith painted a set of parodies known as the "Smoking Hunt" which pokes fun at the fashionable sport of hunting here. Braunstone remained a village with various tenanted farmsteads until, in 1925, the Leicester Corporation compulsorily purchased the bulk of the Winstanley Braunstone Hall estate for £116,500. Braunstone’s population rose from 238 in 1921 to 6,997 in 1931. In 1935 the part of Braunstone on the city side of Braunstone Lane became the North Braunstone Ward of the City of Leicester, the parish of Braunstone in compensation had part of Lubbesthorpe added to its boundary, it consists of council housing built between 1925 and 1940. During World War Two Braunstone Park was put to agricultural use. Wheat and potatoes were grown, sheep allowed to graze.
What is now the Memorial Gardens was used as a military camp, occupied first by the British Army and by the American 82nd Airborne troops. After the war, due to the severe housing shortag
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri
Sharnford is a village and civil parish in Blaby of Leicestershire. The parish has a population of about 1,000, measured at the 2011 census as 985; the village is about four miles east of Hinckley, is near to Aston Flamville, Wigston Parva and Sapcote. The Domesday hamlet or farmstead of Scerneford is mentioned in the tenth-century will of Wulfric Spot, earl of Mercia, named after a "scearn" or muddy ford over the River Soar, it lies north of High Cross, near the Roman station at Venonis at the intersection of Roman Watling Street and the Fosse Way*. Sharnford was a single vill, divided into two manors. During the English Civil War soldiers from the local garrisons visited Sharnford in search of fresh horses and "provinder". In June, 1646 the Sharnford constables claimed for provinder taken by Captain Flower of the Coventry garrison, Robert Day claiming £5 for a horse taken by Captain Merrer's men. John Nichols the county antiquary, provides a fine illustration of the old Sharnford parsonage house that once stood alongside Sharnford church, home to Nichols Horton, the rector of Sharnford and Little Peating who lived here from 1738-1793.
By the turn of the century Sharnford had grown into a sizeable settlement, the national census recording a population of 373. Nichols describes the inhabitants as being yeomen and tradesmen. There were no "titled great" and no acknowledged lord of the manor; the modern village has two public houses, The Sharnford Arms, now serving Chinese food, The Bricklayers. The one garage, in the village no longer serves fuel. Sharnford has one bus service, operated by Arriva Fox County running every 3 hours between Leicester and Hinckley. Sources: John Nichols, Antiquities of Leicestershire Vol. IV, pp 920 et seq. Media related to Sharnford at Wikimedia Commons
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
Glenfield is a village in the civil parish of Glenfields in the Blaby district of Leicestershire, England. At the 2011 Census, it had a population of 9,643, its location at the northwestern fringe of the city of Leicester makes it a suburb, although it is politically and administratively separate. The parish was formed from the merger of the ancient Glenfield parish with Glenfield Frith in 1935; the village is just off junction 21A of the M1 motorway. It is the site of the headquarters of Leicestershire County Council, of Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service, it gives its name to Glenfield Hospital, although the hospital is across the city border in Leicester. The heart of the community is around the Square, with St Peter's Church, the church hall, the ruins of the former church, the Methodist Church and Hall and the public library just inside Station Road, Park House, the Memorial Hall, Scout Hut, Glenfield Primary School and the nursery school all located just inside Stamford Street; the Hall County Primary School is located on Glenfield Frith Drive.
Situated close to the Hall school is Faire Road known for the row of shops situated there. Glenfield is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, at which time it lay in Guthlaxton hundred and contained 12 households; the village was enlarged between the 1920s and the 1950s, when the Faire Estate was built. In the 1980s and 1990s another large estate was built on former farm land behind Ellis Park. Glenfield was the site of the first station from Leicester West Bridge on the Leicester and Swannington Railway, opened on 17 July 1832 as the world's third steam railway. Just before reaching the station the line passed through Glenfield Tunnel, built by Robert Stephenson and was, at 1 mile 36 yards, the world's longest railway tunnel at the time; the Glenfield end of the tunnel can still be seen. Glenfield has The Glenfield Gazette; the parish council own several areas of recreational land, including Ellis Park, Station Park and the Playing Fields. Near to the A50 and the boundary with Groby is the "Millennium Green", managed by a local trust.
The Gynsills Nature Area can be found at the junction of Stelle Way. A small area of mature trees and a pond, once part of the Gynsills Estate parkland, now an area promoting biodiversity and nature conservation; the area known as "The Square" was once more of a road and contained many more shops owned by the Stockley family. These were knocked down in the fifties and sixties to accommodate the roundabout and the maisonettes were built in place of the grocers, post office and butchers shop; the Australian pioneer and explorer Charles Throsby was born in Glenfield in 1777. Stamford Street was the home of painter Bryan Organ. Salcombe Drive was the home of the pundit Graham Barnfield. Leicester Road was the home of Alderman Bertram Powell Lord Mayor of Leicester 1959-60, from the late 1930s to his death in 1969. During the late 90s former Leicester City player Robbie Savage and Pontus Kamark lived in Glenfield; the British dramatist and playwright David Campton was a resident of Liberty Road, Glenfield up until his death in 2006.
Footballers David Nugent and Chris Wood lived in Glenfield when playing for Leicester City in the mid-2010s. On Station Road there is a large Co-Op superstore with petrol station, a pharmacy, other shops. There are shops around the Square, Stamford Street and Faire Road; the Square has a butchers shop. There are a variety of pubs, take-away and hotels in the Glenfield area; these include the Nag's the Forge, Gynsills farm and the Railway Inn. There are Chinese and Fish and Chip takeaways, Indian restaurants in the village. Although Glenfield is residential there are a few businesses located in the area, notably the Widdowson Group link and others located on the Mill Lane Industrial Estate. Next door to Mill lane is Optimus point, home to major brands such as Boden, Mattel and delivery company dpd. Glenfield is only 3 miles away from Leicester, 1.5 miles from the Beaumont Leys Shopping Centre. The M1 can be accessed at Junction 21a to the south of the village, which makes Fosse Shopping Park accessible.
The M1 North can be reached in minutes along the A50 towards Markfield and Coalville. The A46 leads around the north of Leicester, with access to Anstey and the A6 to Loughborough; the village is served by a number of buses including Centrebus. Glenfield was once served by the Glenfield railway station with trains into Leicester West Bridge railway station. Media related to Glenfield at Wikimedia Commons
Littlethorpe is a small village 6 miles south of Leicester, separated from the village of Narborough by the Leicester to Birmingham railway line, the River Soar. The village has expanded since the Second World War most noticeably through the creation of two housing estates, the Jelson estate and Barratt estate. Housing continues to be built, Parnell Close being completed during 2005; the village has the Plough Inn and the Old Inn. Other services include funeral directors and a beauty salon. Narborough railway station is situated close to Littlethorpe, on the edge of Narborough, services run between Leicester and Birmingham; the Littlethorpe Community Association meets in the skittle alley of one of the pubs. The Association organises the annual gala on Littlethorpe Park and Thorpe meadows, as well as holding monthly coffee mornings at the village hall and operating the Santa Run each Christmas. More the association has organised Easter Egg Hunts and a Christmas decoration morning at the village hall.
The village is part of the parish of Narborough, along with Huncote. Littlethorpe was part of Cosby parish. Genappe, Belgium The village, along with Narborough, shares its twinning with the village of Genappe in Belgium. Visits continue to take place, in 2005 a football match was held between Genappe and local team, Narborough & Littlethorpe. All Saints Church, Narborough Narborough & Littlethorpe Village website
The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire and Rutland; the region has an area of 15,627 km2, with a population over 4.5 million in 2011. There are five main urban centres, Leicester, Lincoln and Nottingham. Others include Boston, Chesterfield, Grantham, Kettering, Mansfield, Newark-on-Trent and Wellingborough. Relative proximity to London and its position on the national motorway and trunk road networks help the East Midlands to thrive as an economic hub. Nottingham and Leicester are each classified as a sufficiency-level world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network; the region is served by East Midlands Airport, which lies between Derby and Nottingham. The high point at 636 m is Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of the southern Pennines in northwest Derbyshire near Glossop. Other upland, hilly areas of 95 to 280 m in altitude, together with lakes and reservoirs, rise in and around the Charnwood Forest north of Leicester, in the Lincolnshire Wolds.
The region's major rivers, the Nene, the Soar, the Trent and the Welland, flow in a northeasterly direction towards the Humber and the Wash. The Derwent, rises in the High Peak before flowing south to join the Trent some 2 miles before its conflux with the Soar; the centre of the East Midlands area lies between Bingham and Bottesford, Leicestershire. The geographical centre of England lies in Higham on the Hill in west Leicestershire, close to the boundary between the Leicestershire and Warwickshire; some 88 per cent of the land is rural in character, although agriculture accounts for less than three per cent of the region's jobs. Lincolnshire is the only maritime county of the six, with a true North Sea coastline of about 30 miles due to the protection afforded by Spurn Head and the North Norfolk foreshore. Church Flatts Farm in Coton in the Elms, South Derbyshire, is the furthest place from the sea in the UK. In April 1936 the first Ordnance Survey trig point was sited at Cold Ashby in Northamptonshire.
The Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts and The Wildlife Trusts are based next to the River Trent and Newark Castle railway station. The National Centre for Earth Observation is at the University of Leicester; the region is home to large quantities of limestone, the East Midlands Oil Province. Charnwood Forest is noted for its abundant levels of volcanic rock, estimated to be 600 million years old. A quarter of the UK's cement is manufactured in the region, at three sites in Hope and Tunstead in Derbyshire, Ketton Cement Works in Rutland. Of the aggregates produced in the region, 25 per cent are from Derbyshire and four per cent from Leicestershire. Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire each produce around 30 per cent of the region's sand and gravel output. Barwell in Leicestershire was the site of Britain's largest meteorite on 24 December 1965; the 2008 Lincolnshire earthquake was 5.2 in magnitude. Areas of the East Midlands designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Conservation Areas include: Charnwood Forest Coversand Heaths Derbyshire Peak Fringe and Lower Derwent Humberhead Levels Leighland Forest The Lincolnshire Limewoods and Heaths The Lincolnshire coast The Peak District Rockingham Forest Sherwood Forest Rutland, SW Lincolnshire and N Northamptonshire The Wash Areas of the East Midlands designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Enhancement Areas include: The Coalfields The Daventry Grasslands The Fens The Lincolnshire Coastal Grazing Marshes The Lincolnshire Wolds The National Forest The Yardley-Whittlewood RidgeTwo of the nationally designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are: The Peak District The Lincolnshire Wolds Several towns in the southern part of the region, including Market Harborough, Rothwell, Kettering, Thrapston and Stamford, lie within the boundaries of what was once Rockingham Forest – designated a royal forest by William the Conqueror and was long hunted by English kings and queens.
The National Forest is an environmental project in central England run by The National Forest Company. Areas of north Leicestershire, south Derbyshire and south-east Staffordshire covering around 200 square miles are being planted in an attempt to blend ancient woodland with new plantings, it stretches from the western outskirts of Leicester in the east to Burton upon Trent in the west, is planned to link the ancient forests of Needwood and Charnwood. Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire attracts many visitors, is best known for its ties with the legend of Robin Hood. Regional financial funding decisions for the East Midlands are taken by East Midlands Councils, based in Melton Mowbray. East Midlands Councils is an unelected body made up of representatives of local government in the region; the defunct East Midlands Development Agency was headquartered next to the BBC's East Midlands office in Nottingham and made financial decisions regarding economic development in the region. Since the Conservative-Lib Dem coalition government launched its austerity programme after the 2010 general election, regional bodies such as those have been devolved to smaller groups now on a county level.
As a region today, there is no overriding body with significant financial or planning powers for the East Midlands. The East Midlands' largest settlements are Leicester, Derby, Chesterfield, Mansfield and Kettering. Leicester is the largest