Rains County, Texas
Rains County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,914, its seat is Emory. The county are named for a Texas state legislator. In 1970, Recorded Texas Historic Landmark Number 10860 was placed in the county courthouse lawn. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 259 square miles, of which 229 square miles is land and 29 square miles is water, it is the fourth-smallest county in Texas by land fifth-smallest by total area. U. S. Highway 69 State Highway 19 State Highway 276 Farm to Market Road 47 Farm to Market Road 275 Farm to Market Road 513 Farm to Market Road 514 Farm to Market Road 515 Farm to Market Road 779 Farm to Market Road 2081 Farm to Market Road 2324 Farm to Market Road 2737 Farm to Market Road 2795 Farm to Market Road 2946 Farm to Market Road 3274 Farm to Market Road 3299 Hopkins County Wood County Van Zandt County Hunt County As of the census of 2010, there were 10,914 people, 4,188 households, 2,680 families residing in the county.
The population density was 48 people per square mile. There were 5,269 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.2% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.55% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,188 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years.
For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,531 and the median income for a family was $40,329. Males had a median income of $31,983 versus $21,594 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,933. About 11.40% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over. Rains County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA. Local media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Rains County come from the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville market and they include: KLTV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, KCEB-TV, KETK-TV. East Tawakoni Emory Point Alba Dougherty Hogansville Ginger Bright Star Flats The majority of the county is served by the Rains Independent School District located in Emory; the far southeastern portion of the county is served by the Alba-Golden Independent School District.
The far northwestern corner of the county is served by the Lone Oak Independent School District. A portion of north central Rains County is served by the Miller Grove Independent School District. National Register of Historic Places listings in Rains County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Rains County Media related to Rains County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Rains County government's website Rains County from the Handbook of Texas Online
Arlington is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area 12 miles east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles west of downtown Dallas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's estimate, the city had a population of 396,394 in 2017, making it the second-largest city in the county and the third-largest in the metropolitan area. Arlington is the forty-eighth-most populous city in the United States, the seventh-most populous city in the state of Texas, the largest city in the state, not a county seat. Arlington is home to the University of Texas at Arlington, a major urban research university, the Arlington Assembly plant used by General Motors, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region IV, Texas Health Resources, American Mensa, D. R. Horton. Additionally, Arlington hosts the Texas Rangers at the Globe Life Park, the Dallas Cowboys at the AT&T Stadium, the Dallas Wings at the College Park Center, the International Bowling Campus, the theme parks Six Flags Over Texas and Hurricane Harbor.
Arlington borders Kennedale, Grand Prairie and Fort Worth, surrounds the smaller communities of Dalworthington Gardens and Pantego. European settlement in the Arlington area dates back at least to the 1840s. After the May 24, 1841 battle between Texas General Edward H. Tarrant and Native Americans of the Village Creek settlement, a trading post was established at Marrow Bone Spring in present-day Arlington; the rich soil of the area attracted farmers, several agriculture-related businesses were well established by the late nineteenth century. Arlington was founded in 1876 along the Pacific Railway; the city was named after General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House in Virginia. Arlington grew as a cotton-ginning and farming center, incorporated on April 21, 1884; the city could boast of water, natural gas, telephone services by 1910, along with a public school system. By 1925 the population was estimated at 3,031, it grew to over 4,000 before World War II. Large-scale industrialization began in 1954 with the arrival of a General Motors assembly plant.
Automotive and aerospace development gave the city one of the nation's greatest population growth rates between 1950 and 1990. Arlington became one of the "boomburbs", the fast-growing suburbs of the post-World War II era. U. S. Census Bureau population figures for the city tell the story: 7,692, 90,229, 261,721, 365,438 and 374,000 by 2011. Tom Vandergriff served as mayor from 1951 to 1977 during this period of robust economic development. Six Flags Over Texas opened in Arlington in 1961. In 1972 the Washington Senators baseball team relocated to Arlington and began play as the Texas Rangers and in 2009 the Dallas Cowboys began to play at the newly constructed Cowboys Stadium, now AT&T Stadium. According to the United States Census Bureau, Arlington has a total area of 99.7 square miles. Johnson Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, the Trinity River itself, flow through Arlington. Arlington falls in the Cfa region of the Köppen climate classification system, a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F in 1980. The lowest recorded temperature was −8 °F in 1899; the maximum average precipitation occurs in May. Severe weather occurs April and May months. Located in the famous Tornado Alley Winters are mild with snow occurring During the April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak a severe thunderstorm produced an EF-2 tornado in Eastern Kennedale which moved North East across 287 near Stagetrail Drive and continued in a North North-Eastern direction; the tornado contained winds up to 135 MPH and damaged over 200 homes and businesses, including severe damage suffered by the Green Oaks Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, injured seven people before the tornado lifted on the shores of Lake Arlington. As of the census of 2010, there were 365,438 people, 133,072 households, 90,099 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,811 people per square mile. There were 144,805 housing units at an average density of 1,510 per square mile; the 2011 estimated racial makeup of the city was 59% White, 18.8% Black or African American, 6.8% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.4% of the population. There were 133,072 households out of which 40% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, 32% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.3. In the city, the 2010 population was spread out with 31% under the age of 20, 8% from 20 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, 8% who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 104 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94 males 18 and over; the median income for a household in the city was estimated to be $50,655 in 2011. Individual males working ful
U.S. Route 69 in Texas
U. S. Route 69 is a north–south United States highway that runs from Port Arthur, Texas to Albert Lea, Minnesota. In Texas, US 69 runs from Port Arthur near the Gulf of Mexico to the Texas–Oklahoma state line just north of Denison. US 69 begins at its southern terminus with SH 87 in Port Arthur; this intersection is the southern terminus for US 96 and US 287, which are concurrent with US 69. US 69, US 96, US 287 continue in a northwest west, route until its intersection with Interstate 10 in southern Beaumont. At this intersection, US 69, US 96, US 287 merge with I-10. I-10/US 69/US 96/US 287 continue in a northerly direction through Beaumont for several miles. Just after the intersection with US 90, I-10 splits from the multiplex and resumes its easterly course, leaving US 69, US 96, US 287 heading northwest through Beaumont. US 69 north of I-10 is known known as Eastex Freeway, is an official evacuation route, just as Interstate 69/US 59 heading north from Houston is known as Eastex Freeway as well.
In Lumberton, US 96 splits from US 69 and US 287 and heads northeast towards Jasper, while US 69 and US 287 continue on a northwest path towards Woodville. In Woodville, US 69 splits from US 287 a few blocks north of US 190. US 287 continues northwest towards Corrigan. In this area, between US 190 in Woodville and FM 256 in Colmesneil, US 69 is a part of the Texas Forest Trail. Before reaching Lufkin, US 69 forms another segment of the Texas Forest Trail between SH 63 in Zavalla and FM 1818 northwest of Zavalla. In Lufkin, US 69 is concurrent with US 59 and State Loop 287 while the route through the city is named Business US 69. US 69, State Loop 287, US 59 continue around the east side of Lufkin until US 59 separates at the intersection with US 59 Business northeast of Lufkin. US 69 and State Loop 287 continue until the intersection of SH 103 and Business US 69 on the northwest section of Lufkin. At that point, US 69 is concurrent for a short distance with SH 103 and State Loop 287. At the intersection of US 69, State Loop 287 and SH 103, US 69 departs Lufkin and heads northwest while SH 103 and State Loop 287 head south.
US 69 continues on a north to northwest path through the towns of Alto, Rusk and Bullard. Just south of Bullard, US 69 has a short concurrency with FM 2493. US 69 continues northward into Tyler. In Tyler, US 69 continues northward through the city until the intersection of SH 110 and SH 155, where US 69 heads west and merges with SH 110 and SH 155 through Tyler. Around seven blocks from the intersection of US 69, SH 110, SH 155, SH 155 separates from the concurrency and travels in a southwesterly direction, leaving US 69 and SH 110 traveling in a northwesterly direction; this continues. At this intersection, SH 110 heads west. US 69 crosses Interstate 20 at Lindale where it is signed as "Main Street". At FM 16 in Lindale, US 69 begins its last segment as part of the Texas Forest Trail. US 69 continues north to northwest to Mineola. Before leaving town, at its intersection with SH 37, the Texas Forest Trail turns off of US 69 to share a segment with SH 37. US 69 takes a more northwest turn on its way through several small towns, including Emory, on its way to Greenville.
There, as it begins to enter the city, a Business route of US 69 turns off to the right to serve the downtown Greenville area, on to a junction with Interstate 30. At the intersection with I-30, US 69 becomes concurrent with US 380 at its terminus; the concurrency continues around the southern and western sides of Greenville until an intersection with Spur 302. At that intersection, US 380 heads west while US 69 continues north, until it reaches the northern end of its Business route, which has passed through the downtown Greenville area US 69 turns northwest, from Greenville to Leonard, where it encounters a brief concurrency with SH 78. In Whitewright, SH 11 becomes concurrent with US 69 southeast of town; this continues until the intersection with SH 160, at which time SH 11 continues on a northwestward route and US 69 continues north through Whitewright. US 69 continues north northwest until Denison, where it turns right to go north, at an intersection with Spur 503. US 69 goes north through downtown Denison at the north side of town, US 69 intersects and merges with US 75, at which time US 69 becomes concurrent with US 75.
Both head northeast across the Oklahoma/Texas border at the Red River
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex encompasses 13 counties within the U. S. state of Texas. Residents of the area refer to it as DFW, or the Metroplex, it is the economic and cultural hub of the region of North Texas, it is the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's population is 7,399,662 according to the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, making it the largest metropolitan area in both Texas and the South, the fourth-largest in the U. S. and the seventh-largest in the Americas. In 2016, DFW ascended to the number one spot in the nation in year-over-year population growth. In 2016, the metropolitan economy surpassed Houston to become the fourth-largest in the nation the region boasts a GDP of just over $613.4 billion in 2019. As such, the metropolitan area's economy is ranked 10th largest in the world; the region's economy is based on banking, telecommunications, energy and medical research, transportation and logistics. In 2017, Dallas–Fort Worth is home to 24 Fortune 500 companies, the third-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago.
The metroplex encompasses 9,286 square miles of total area: 8,991 sq mi is land, while 295 sq mi is water, making it larger in area than the states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined. A portmanteau of metropolis and complex, the term metroplex is credited to Harve Chapman, an executive vice president with Dallas-based Tracy-Locke, one of three advertising agencies that worked with the North Texas Commission on strategies to market the region; the NTC copyrighted the term "Southwest Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas", which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. In fact, only 38 percent of a survey group identified Dallas and Fort Worth as part of "North Texas", with the Texas Panhandle a perceived correct answer, being the northernmost region of Texas. Collin County Dallas County Denton County Ellis County Hood County Hunt County Johnson County Kaufman County Parker County Rockwall County Somervell County Tarrant County Wise County Note: Cities and towns are categorized based on the latest population estimates from the North Central Texas Council of Governments.
No population estimates are released for census-designated places, which are marked with an asterisk. These places are categorized based on their 2010 census population. Places designated "principal cities" by the Office of Management and Budget are italicized.1,000,000+ Dallas 500,000–999,999 Fort Worth 200,000–499,999 Arlington Plano Irving Garland 100,000–199,999 Grand Prairie McKinney Frisco Mesquite Carrollton Denton Richardson Lewisville As of the 2010 United States census, there were 6,371,773 people. The racial makeup of the MSA was 50.2% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,839. The Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK Combined Statistical Area is made up of 20 counties in north central Texas and one county in southern Oklahoma.
The statistical area includes seven micropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 6,817,483; the CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi of area, of which 14,126 sq mi is land and 502 sq mi is water. Metropolitan Statistical Areas Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Sherman-Denison Micropolitan Statistical Areas Athens Bonham Corsicana Durant, OK Gainesville Mineral Wells Sulphur Springs Note: The Granbury micropolitan statistical area was made part of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area effective 2013; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.83% of the population. It is home to the fourth-largest Muslim population in the country; the median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, the median income for a family was $50,898.
Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460; the metroplex overlooks prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by man-made lakes cut by streams and rivers surrounded by forest land. The metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region, so named for its fertile black soil found in the rural areas of Collin, Ellis, Hunt and Rockwall counties. Many areas of Denton, Parker and Wise counties are locat
Delta County, Texas
Delta County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,231. Going by a 2016 estimate, the population is 5,215, its county seat and largest city is Cooper. The county was founded in 1870 and is named for its triangular shape, much like the Greek letter delta. Two forks of the Sulphur River form its northern and southern boundaries and meet at its easternmost point. Delta County was one of 19 prohibition, or dry, counties in the state of Texas; as of 2015, Delta county is no longer a dry county. Delta County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Larry Phillips of Sherman, Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 278 square miles, of which 257 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water. State Highway 19 State Highway 24 State Highway 154 Lamar County Red River County Franklin County Hopkins County Hunt County Fannin County As of the census of 2000, there were 5,506 people, 2,094 households, 1,461 families residing in the county.
The population density was 19 people per square mile. There were 2,410 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.93% White, 8.28% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, 1.69% from two or more races. About 3.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,094 households, of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.20% were nonfamilies. About 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,094, the median income for a family was $37,925. Males had a median income of $31,597 versus $20,296 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,080. About 14.60% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 20.60% of those age 65 or over. Cooper Pecan Gap Commerce Liberty Grove Commerce List of counties in Texas Dry counties List of museums in North Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Delta County Delta County website Delta County Chamber of Commerce website Delta County in Handbook of Texas Online Delta County History at HistoricTexas.net Jot'Em Down, Delta County, Texas data at Internet Accuracy Project
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is a city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is fifth-largest city in Texas, it is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles into four other counties: Denton, Johnson and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States; the city of Fort Worth was established in 1849 as an army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Fort Worth has been a center of the longhorn cattle trade, it still embraces traditional architecture and design. USS Fort Worth is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city. Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition and several world-class museums designed by internationally known contemporary architects; the Kimbell Art Museum, considered to have one of the best art collections in Texas, is housed in what is regarded as one of the outstanding architectural achievements of the modern era.
The museum was designed by the American architect Louis Kahn, with an addition designed by world-renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano opening November 2013. Of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando; the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, houses one of the world's most extensive collections of American art. The Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western art in the U. S. emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. The Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, designed by famed architect Ricardo Legorreta of Mexico, engages the diverse Fort Worth community through creative, vibrant programs and exhibits; the city is stimulated by several university communities: Texas Christian University, Texas Wesleyan, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas A&M University School of Law, many multinational corporations, including Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, American Airlines, BNSF Railway, Pier 1 Imports, XTO Energy and RadioShack.
The Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" without permission of the President of Texas, may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory; these "trading houses" were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth. At this river junction, the U. S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier following the end of the Mexican–American War; the city of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins." A line of seven army posts were established in 1848–49 after the Mexican War to protect the settlers of Texas along the western American Frontier and included Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, Fort Martin Scott, Fort Lincoln, Fort Duncan.
10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth, who commanded the Department of Texas in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month Worth died from cholera in South Texas. General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River; the United States War Department named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849. Native American attacks were still a threat in the area, as this was their traditional territory and they resented encroachment by European-American settlers, but people from the United States set up homesteads near the fort.
E. S. Terrell from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth; the fort was moved to the top of the bluff. The fort was abandoned September 17, 1853. No trace of it remains; as a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives and became a brawling, bustling town. Millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, the ranching industry, it was given the nickname of Cowtown. During the Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money and supplies; the population began to recover during Reconstruction. By 1872, Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, William Henry Davis had opened general stores; the next year, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, who wrote that the decimation of Fort Worth's population, caused by the economic disaster and hard winter of 1873, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry.
Added to the slowdown due to the railroad's stopping the laying of track 30 miles outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said that Fort Worth was so slow th