Cannon Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Cannon Street, is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Canada. Cannon Street was originally called Henry Street, the section between Bay and James Streets was called Miles Street. The origins of the Cannon street name remains a mystery for local historians, on 24 May 1909 a Coney Island-type amusement park was opened in Hamilton. It was known as Maple Leaf Park and was bounded by Barton Street, Ottawa Street, Cannon Street and it failed to attract enough visitors to keep the gates open and only lasted a year. Investors of the Park sold the land to real estate speculators for $25,000 interested in the property because the land itself was a valuable commodity in the booming East Hamilton market. Note, Listing of Landmarks from West to East, hess Street Elementary School Railway Street Sir John A. Macdonald Secondary School Tan Thanh Supermarket Inc. Giant Tiger McLaren Park United Trophy Mfg, good Shepherd Centre 134 Mary Street Building Chevrolet City, Beasley Park Beasley Park Community Centre Barton Auto Parts Paper Fibres Inc
Barton Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Barton Street is an arterial road in the Lower City of Hamilton, Canada. Its the longest street in the city, in the early days Hamilton was known as Barton township, named after a township in Lincoln County, England. Barton Street is all that remains of the township, in 1816, Barton township Population was 668. On 24 May 1909 a Coney Island-type amusement Park was opened in Hamilton and it was known as Maple Leaf Park and was bounded by Barton Street, Ottawa Street, Cannon Street, Rosslyn Avenue. It failed to attract visitors to keep the gates open. Investors of the Park sold the land to real estate speculators for $25,000 interested in the property because the land itself was a valuable commodity in the booming East Hamilton market. It had a Figure 8 roller coaster and this was the most popular coaster model of the era, with many Canadian parks having one. Most were built by Fred Ingersoll, Barton Street East actually changed locations in the late 1960s. Barton Street East heading east from Strathearne Avenue, ended at Walter Avenue, the section east of Walter Avenue was called Superior Street and it ended close to Talbot Street.
Some buildings on Melvin Avenue close to Woodward Avenue still have signage indicating their address as Barton Street East, Hamiltons first artificial skating surface was The Forum. Locals referred to it as the Barton Street Arena and it was situated between Sanford Avenue and Wentworth Streets. Eventually, a few years down the line it was purchased by Kenneth D. Soble and he announced a new rink would be built, thats when the Junior A hockey club Hamilton Fincups left Hamilton. On 26 September 1952 the racetrack was sold, the site would become the site of the Greater Hamilton Shopping Centre. Centre Mall owners announce plans for a 23-building super centre on the property on Barton Street East, cost is estimated to be around $100-million and will take up 700,000 square feet of retail space. This will end up being the largest redevelopment project in the history of Hamiltons east-end, the buildings on the property will be grouped around the edge of the property and create a friendly, pedestrian-oriented design rather than a commercial island in a sea of parking.
The overhaul will take about two-and-a-half years to complete but the bulk of the work is expected to be done by the end of the summer of 2008, some new buildings will go up before the enclosed mall is torn down. The redevelopment of Centre Mall is transforming the entire neighbourhood from Ottawa Street to Kenilworth Avenue, the $100-million investment in the mall has boosted Ottawa Street North - already the citys No.1 tourist destination. The garment district has morphed into a home decor destination area, complete with lighting, antique
GO Transit is a regional public transit system in Southern Ontario, serving the Golden Horseshoe region. With its hub at Union Station in Toronto, GO Transits operations extend as far as Niagara Falls to the south, Waterloo to the west, Peterborough to the east, GO Transit carried 69.5 million passengers in 2015, and its ridership continues to grow. GO Transit employs diesel trains and coach buses, it connects with all municipal transit providers in its area, as well as Via Rail. Canadas first such public system, GO Transit began regular passenger service on May 23,1967 as a part of the Ontario Ministry of Transportation. Since then, it has grown from a train line to seven. Cities in and around the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area experienced huge expansions in the 1950s, real improved commuter service was not considered until the 1962 Metropolitan Toronto and Region Transportation Study, which examined land use and traffic in the newly created Metropolitan Toronto. The idea of GO Transit was created out of fear of becoming lost in years of planning, it was approached as a test, GO Train service ran throughout the day from Oakville to Pickering with limited rush hour train service to Hamilton.
The experiment proved to be popular, GO Transit carried its first million riders during its first four months. This line, now divided as the Lakeshore East and Lakeshore West lines is the corridor of GO Transit. Expansion of rail service continued in the 1970s and 1980s, aimed at developing ridership in with the introduction of the Georgetown line in 1974 and the Richmond Hill line in 1978. The Milton GO Train line opened in 1981, followed by the Bradford and Stouffville lines a year later, other than establishing new rail corridors, GO Transit introduced the Bi-Level coaches in 1979, in order to increase the number of passengers carried per train. These unique rail cars were developed in partnership with Bombardier Transportation, in that same year, the current GO concourse at Union Station was built to accommodate these additional passengers. GO Bus service started on September 8,1970, extending the original Lakeshore line to Hamilton and Oshawa, as well as providing service north to Newmarket and Barrie.
It eventually became a network in its own right after 1989, feeding rail service. GO extended limited rush hour service on the Bradford, Georgetown. Train service was extended to Burlington on the Lakeshore West line in 1992. In a series of cost-cutting measures, then-Ontario Premier Bob Rae announced a reduction in spending on services. All day train service was restored from Burlington to Whitby, and peak service was brought to Oshawa in 2000
MacNab Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
MacNab Street is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Canada. Pedestrians may cross Hunter Street at an underpass, MacNab Street starts again north of the Railway line on Hunter Street as a two-way street but is cut off again at King Street where the Lloyd D. Jackson Square Mall is situated at Stelco Tower. It continues as a street into the citys North End to the waterfront where it ends at Guise Street West. MacNab Street was named after Allan MacNab, Sir Allan Napier MacNab soldier, businessman, MacNab Street South between King Street and Hunter Street West is named Franz Liszt Avenue, named after the Hungarian composer/ conductor/ pianist. In 1838, St. Marys Roman Catholic Church on Park Street was built, recently given a complete paint job on the outside and additions added in the South-east of property, and a parking lot done in red gravel. The building is notable both inside & out. In 1958, Conway Twitty, singer-songwriter and his band were in town and were playing the Flamingo Lounge where Hamilton Place auditorium is located today.
Legend has it that the drummer, Jack Nance, wrote Its Only Make Believe between sets, although another story puts them at the nearby Fischer Hotel, the song was recorded in 1958 and became the first of nine Top 40 hits for Twitty, selling eight million copies. Thomas McQuestens, historic family home was willed to the City after the death of the last of his five unmarried siblings in 1968. After its restoration was complete in 1971, Whitehern has been open as a museum and has occasionally served as a period film location. Stelco Tower was built in 1973 in downtown Hamilton, 25-floors/ 103-metres, at the time of completion was the tallest building in Hamilton but that title only lasted for a year until Landmark Place, 43-floors/127 meters, was complete in 1974. Hamilton is home to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame museum, the Royal Hamilton Yacht Club is only minutes from downtown Hamilton. Offers a fantastic waterfront view and spectacular sunsets, whether you sail, power boat, swim, or just enjoy great food its all there at the RHYC.
Also included are dry sail facilities, youth/adult sailing school, excellent year round dining, the Waterfront Shuttle is a free service offered by the Hamilton Street Railway. The Hamilton Street Railway bus terminal is located between King St W and Main St W, on a section of the closed to traffic. There are seven platforms with ten routes, mostly serving the part of the city. The terminal has been rebuilt and re-opened on 2 January 2011, coordinates, 43°15′23″N 79°52′15″W The Hamilton Waterfront Trolley is a narrated tour along the 12 kilometre Hamilton Waterfront Trail. The main stop and departure spot is at the Hamilton Waterfront SCOOPS Ice Cream parlour, there are a dozen stops along the way between Princess Point at the western-end of the route to the eastern-end, the site of HMCS Haida
King Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
King Street is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Canada, known as Highway 8. From the Delta onwards King Street switches over to become a two-way street again, Queenston Road, runs parallel with King Street, King Street flows northward where it connects and ends at Queenston Road. King Street follows the path of an old trail, it was named for King George III. In 1815, George Hamilton, a settler and local politician and he kept several east-west roads which were originally Indian trails, but the north-south streets were on a regular grid pattern. Streets were designated East or West if they crossed James Street or Highway 6, Streets were designated North or South if they crossed King Street or Highway 8. In 1860, Prince of Wales was in Hamilton to open up Gore Park, the Crystal Palace saw various Agricultural Exhibitions. It was modeled on the famous Crystal Palace designed and built in London, by 1891 the structure was in bad condition and decision was made to demolish it. All traces disappeared from the site which is now known as Victoria Park, in 1893, The Right House opened.
It was Hamiltons first large department store, on 30 October 1893, The Sir John A. Macdonald Statue arrives in Hamilton from London, England. Official dedication of the statue took place 1 November 1893, located at the intersection of King and Hughson Streets. Prime Minister Sir John Thompson in attendance, the Pantages Theatre opened up in 1921 on King Street, with a seating capacity of 3,500 made it the largest theatre in Canada at the time. In 1930 it was renamed The Palace Theatre, Hamilton one time was home to many Grand Theatres, all of which are no longer in existence. These include, Grand Opera House, Savoy Theatre, Temple Theatre, Lyric Theatre, the Cenotaph at Veterans Place at Gore Park was unveiled on May 22,1923 by Governor General Viscount Byng who led Canadians into France and Flanders. The Cenotaph commemorates the 53,000 Canadian soldiers,2,000 of them Hamiltonians, Hamiltons Cenotaph is a replica of the British Cenotaph in Westminster and was designed by William Russell Souter, a Hamilton architect, and World War I veteran.
It consists of a granite column with an image of a casket at its summit. Two smaller columns are at its side with carved replicas of the equipment used by Canadian troops in the First World War, in 1925 the first traffic lights in Canada went into operation at the Delta. McMaster University moved to Hamilton, Ontario from Toronto in 1930, christ the King Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church in Hamilton, Ontario Canada. The Cathedral was consecrated on December 19,1933, the cathedral is perched atop a hill overlooking Highway 403 leading in towards the rest of Hamilton and one travelling towards Oakville and Toronto
Bay Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Bay Street is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Canada. It starts at Inglewood Drive, just South of Aberdeen Avenue, Bay Street passes through Downtown Hamilton, where many high-rise buildings are found. Bay Street is a street from Aberdeen Avenue to Cannon Street West. Bay Street, derives its name from its proximity to Hamilton Harbour, in 1919, a federal Order-In-Council changed the name of Burlington Bay to Hamilton Harbour. The Bay Street Urban Renewal was completed in 2006 and this project was made possible through investments by the Governments of Canada, Government of Ontario and the City of Hamilton. Copps Coliseum, is a sports and entertainment arena with a capacity of up to 19,000 on the corner of Bay Street North and its named after the former Hamilton mayor, Victor K. Copps. Construction began in 1983 and was completed in 1985 at a cost of $33.5 million, the construction was overseen by local Hamiltonian, Joseph Pigott. In 1987, #99 Wayne Gretzky and #66 Mario Lemieux combined forces to capture the Canada Cup at Copps Coliseum as Team Canada defeated the Russians, Canada wins series 2 games to one.
All three games ended in 6-to-5 scores, in 1999, Detroit Rock City was filmed at the Copps Coliseum starring the Rock group Kiss. In 2004, Coliseum was used again to film Meg Ryans Against the Ropes, Herkimer Apartments, on the corner of Bay Street South and Herkimer Street, was the first Hamilton apartment installed with an elevator, which ran from the basement to the fifth floor. A New York-style structure was built of reinforced concrete dressed in rug brick with white. The building today looks much as it did when it opened in July 1915, the Great Lakes Expo7 is a 3-day annual springtime festival held at Bayfront Park and Pier 4 Park. Free admission for the family to enjoy. The purpose of the festival is to improve knowledge of how everyone can improve. Also included, an Adventure Zone, Enviro Zone, Kids Zone, Full size Midway, Live Music, Food vendors, Arts & Crafts, in 2007 the festival was held the last weekend of May. The Waterfront Shuttle is a service offered by the Hamilton Street Railway.
The route circles Hamiltons downtown core around York Boulevard, Bay Street South, King Street West, the route hangs a left on Discovery Drive, the site of the Parks Canada Discovery Centre. Also at this site is the Hamilton Harbour Queen, the Hamilton Waterfront Trolley is a narrated tour along the 12 kilometre Hamilton Waterfront Trail
Catharine Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Catharine Street is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Canada. Catharine Street was named after Nathaniel Hughsons daughter, Hughson was one of the city founders of Hamilton. Other streets in the city were named after him and his members, Hughson Street, Rebecca Street. In 1898, The Five Johns, form The Cataract Power Co. Ltd. introducing electric power to Hamilton in 1898, on August 25,1898, power was sent twenty seven miles from DeCew Falls, St. Catharines, using water from the old Welland Canal. New industries, such as the forerunners of the Steel Co. of Canada and Canadian Westinghouse, were attracted here by the cheaper, one time this Company controlled hydro power from Brantford to St. Catharines, including the Hamilton Street Railway and the areas radial lines. Back the nickname was The Electric City. Then in 1907 they erected The Terminal Station building on the southeast corner of Catharine and King Streets, prior to this, in 1868, the Wanzer Sewing Machine Company was based here employing more than 250 workers.
The Pantages Theatre opened up in 1921 on King Street, with a capacity of 3,500 made it the largest theatre in Canada at the time. In 1930 it was renamed The Palace Theatre, Hamilton one time was home to many Grand Theatres, all of which are no longer in existence. These include, Grand Opera House, Savoy Theatre, Temple Theatre, Lyric Theatre, in 1974, Hamiltons tallest building, Landmark Place, was completed. 43 stories/127.0 metres in height and it is the tallest residential building in Canada outside of Toronto as of January 10,2007. Note, Listing of Landmarks from North to South, pier 9 Royal Canadian Navy and Sea Cadets 31 Lion 2347 Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 2814 Hamilton SVC Btn. HMCS Haida National Historic Site, historic naval ship, Canadas most famous warship, Eastwood Park/ Eastwood Arena Canadian National railway tracks, St
Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway
The Toronto and Buffalo Railway was a railway based in Hamilton that ran in Southern Ontario from 1894 to 1987. It never reached the two cities in its name, although it did have branch lines extending to Dunnville and Port Maitland. The railway was chartered in 1884 by the Ontario Legislative Assembly to run from Toronto to the International Railway Bridge. The original charter forbade the company any attempt to merge with, lease from, sell to, given the business conditions at the time, this turned out to be an impossible condition. It began operations in 1892, when it took over the line of the Brantford. The line reached Hamilton in October,1894 and Welland on December 30,1895, in 1895, the Canadian Pacific Railway and the New York Central Railroad bought the TH&B. The TH&B was jointly owned by the CPR and the NYC for several decades, NYC and its subsidiaries owned 73%, while the CPR owned the other 27%. It never built into Toronto or Buffalo, but used its parent companies trackage to reach the two cities, passenger service on the TH&B was discontinued on April 26,1981.
In 1977, CP Rail acquired NYCs portion which held a 10% ownership, while the TH&B line between Hamilton and Welland is still in use, its former line west of Hamilton to Waterford via Brantford has been abandoned past Aberdeen Avenue in Hamilton. The portion between Hamilton and Brantford was abandoned in the 1990s after trackage next to the Grand River was washed out, some former TH&B industrial trackage still remains in the city of Brantford, although it is now operated by Canadian National Railway. Increased operating costs, and tighter margins in that decade meant the future of the railroad was much in doubt. The TH&B Railway was merged into the Canadian Pacific Railway on January 1,1987, trains were redirected onto the former NYC CASO subdivision, at Welland, to the remainder of the Dunnville spur, via a new connecting track. The railroads yellow and black paint scheme started being applied to boxcars in early 1952 and these colours were chosen in honour of the local Hamilton Tiger-Cats football team.
The TH&Bs second train station in Hamilton, built in 1932-33, was in fact the first building in Canada adhering to the International Style, the station was refurbished in 1996 and is now used by GO Transit for both bus and train service as the Hamilton GO Centre. The TH&Bs Brantford station has been converted to use as a restaurant and has carried several names since the first one opened in 1970, the TH&Bs Smithville station, built 1903, was restored in 1996, and is now the headquarters of the West Lincoln Historical Society. It is open seasonally as a tourist information centre, the TH&Bs Jerseyville station is now at the Westfield Heritage Village near Rockton, along with preserved TH&B steam locomotive #103. Perce Hankinson, who began his career in 1917 with the Michigan Central Railroad realized a lifelong dream when made Vice-President. He retired 5 years after 53 years of working for the only to return to the TH&B the next year
Queen Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Queen Street is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Canada. Queen Street was named after Queen Caroline of Brunswick, wife of King George IV, Queen Street forms the western boundary line of the Durand neighbourhood. Durand is bounded by Main Street to the north, James Street and James Mountain Road to the east, with the turn of the 20th century, luxurious new residences were built along Markland and Aberdeen Avenues and to the south in the lee of the escarpment. These residences reflected the spirit of those who made their fortunes in transportation, industry. By 1920, the Durand neighbourhood was considered to be the neighbourhood in Hamilton. However, the Great Depression and the Second World War took their tolls on the fortunes of many of the established Durand households, much of the heritage of the neighbourhood survives today. Grounds, is a park that was home to the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from 1872-1949, entrance to the park at Queen Street South is right before Charlton Avenue West. Today it is the site of the Hamilton Tennis Club, today Ivor Wynne Stadium is the home of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.
Its off of Beachwood Avenue,2 blocks West of Gage Avenue North, the TH&B Railway came into Hamilton in 1895. In 1964, Imperial Tobacco Companys Hamilton operations are moved to Guelph, originally it was known as the Tuckett Tobacco Company which was started up by George Elias Tuckett, who was Hamiltons 27th Mayor in 1896. Today the property is the site of two apartment buildings, Queens Terrace and Oxford Heights. Tucketts home was the Scottish Rite Castle, on Queen Street, at its peak the Tuckett Tobacco Company employed 600 workers and products were sold throughout the world. The first factory opened up in the 1860s near the intersection of King, the Queen Street North factory opened up 28 February 1891 and stayed opened until 17 September 1966. One can reach the Bruce Trail via Queen Street South, the trail cuts through the city along the Niagara Escarpment and used by many locals for a full days hike. The Trail is 430 miles long and starts at Niagara Falls, passes through Hamilton, hikers are led to scenic gorges, hidden waterfalls and places of quiet charm.
Note, Listing of Landmarks from North to South. Grand Lodge of Canada, behind the Scottish Rite Castle on King Street West Canadian Pacific Railway tunnel, Hess Village, Western end of George Street. Queens Court, Players Guild of Hamilton, Inc. Kirkendall North/ Durand, Kirkendall South Note, Listing of streets from North to South. ca Bruce Trail Association Hikes on the Bruce Trail Google Maps, Queen Street
William IV of the United Kingdom
William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. The third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, he was the last king, William served in the Royal Navy in his youth and was, both during his reign and afterwards, nicknamed the Sailor King. He served in North America and the Caribbean, in 1789, he was created Duke of Clarence and St Andrews. Since his two brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old. Although William did not engage in politics as much as his brother or his father, through his brother, the Viceroy of Hanover, he granted his German kingdom a short-lived liberal constitution. William was succeeded in the United Kingdom by his niece, William was born in the early hours of the morning on 21 August 1765 at Buckingham House, the third child and son of King George III and Queen Charlotte. He had two brothers and Frederick, and was not expected to inherit the Crown.
He was baptised in the Great Council Chamber of St Jamess Palace on 20 September 1765 and his godparents were his paternal uncles, the Duke of Gloucester and Prince Henry, and his paternal aunt, Princess Augusta, hereditary duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He spent most of his life in Richmond and at Kew Palace. At the age of thirteen, he joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman and his experiences in the navy seem to have been little different from those of other midshipmen, though in contrast to other sailors he was accompanied on board ships by a tutor. He did his share of the cooking and got arrested with his shipmates after a brawl in Gibraltar. He served in New York during the American War of Independence, I am fully persuaded, that it is unnecessary to caution you against offering insult or indignity to the persons of the Prince or Admiral. The plot did not come to fruition, the British heard of it and assigned guards to William and he became a lieutenant in 1785 and captain of HMS Pegasus the following year.
The two were friends, and dined together almost nightly. At Nelsons wedding, William insisted on giving the bride away and he was given command of the frigate HMS Andromeda in 1788, and was promoted to rear-admiral in command of HMS Valiant the following year. William sought to be made a duke like his brothers, and to receive a similar parliamentary grant. To put pressure on him, William threatened to stand for the House of Commons for the constituency of Totnes in Devon, Williams political record was inconsistent and, like many politicians of the time, cannot be certainly ascribed to a single party. William ceased his active service in the Royal Navy in 1790, the following year he spoke in favour of the war, expecting a command after his change of heart, none came
Aberdeen Avenue is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Canada. Aberdeen Avenue, was named after Lord Aberdeen and Lady Aberdeen who both lived in Hamilton on Bay Street South with their four children and they presided over the opening of the Hamilton Public Library on September 16,1890. Lord Aberdeen was appointed Governor General of Canada in 1893, the Durand neighbourhood along Markland Street and Aberdeen Avenue, east of Queen Street, was home to the industrialists. This south of neighbourhood is quite possibly the largest concentration of early 20th-century castles/mansions in Canada. The grand homes were home to the families whose names graced the signs of the north end factories and made their fortunes in transportation, finance, a massive McMaster University research campus called McMaster Innovation Park is currently being developed on the former Camco lands near Westdale. This will be a factory employing scientists and technicians. CANMET will employ 100 research scientists and support workers, including some of the top minds in Canada and they will be working closely with McMaster researchers and private industry to develop technologies for metal and materials manufacturing and evaluation.
Expected to be up-and-running by 2010, other tenants already announced for the park include a corrosion research centre sponsored by General Motors and a diesel engine research lab sponsored by Ford. Note, Listing of Landmarks from West to East, the MTO decided to go with a rapid bridge replacement process, replacing the entire Aberdeen Avenue bridge deck in a weekend instead of taking the usual nine to twelve months to complete it. Reasons for the decision included minimizing disruptions to the public, improved construction safety. MTO retained the engineering and management firm Morrison Hershfield as lead consultant for this exciting, the rapid bridge replacement process began the evening of July 30,2010. Using innovative technology the old bridge was lifted away and replaced with a bridge that was built nearby. The process was completed on August 3,2010, dufferin Construction Company successfully executed the complete replacement. This project was the first time rapid replacement technology has been used over a highway in Southern Ontario.
It is part of a project to repair or replace eight bridges along Highway 403 in Hamilton. This $35.8 million investment is expected to create or sustain approximately 415 jobs as part of the Ontario Open plan, Listing of neighbourhoods from West to East. Kirkendall North/ Chedoke Park B, Aberdeen Avenue cuts through these two neighbourhoods, Kirkendall North/ Kirkendall South, Aberdeen Avenue cuts through these two neighbourhoods. Alexander Parkway - Mud Street, Stone Church Road, West/East, Rymal Road, West/East Twenty Road Note, Listing of streets from West to East
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Residents of the old city are known as Hamiltonians, since 1981, the metropolitan area has been listed as the ninth largest in Canada and the third largest in Ontario. Hamilton is home to the Royal Botanical Gardens, the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, McMaster University is ranked 4th in Canada and 94th in the world by Times Higher Education Rankings 2015-16 and has a well-known medical school. Possibly because of its environment, numerous TV and film productions have been filmed in Hamilton, regulated by the Hamilton Film. A growing arts and culture community garnered media attention in 2006 when the Globe and Mail published an article called Go West, the article highlighted local art galleries, recording studios and independent film production. In pre-colonial times, the Neutral Indians used much of the land but were driven out by the Five Nations who were allied with the British against the Huron. A member of the Iroquois Confederacy provided the route and name for Mohawk Road, which originally included King Street in the lower city.
In 1784, about 10,000 United Empire Loyalists settled in Upper Canada, chiefly in Niagara, around the Bay of Quinte, and along the St. Lawrence River between Lake Ontario and Montreal. They were soon followed by many more Americans, some of not so much ardent loyalists but attracted nonetheless by the availability of inexpensive. At the same time, large numbers of Iroquois loyal to Britain arrived from the United States and were settled on reserves west of Lake Ontario. The town of Hamilton was conceived by George Hamilton, when he purchased farm holdings of James Durand, nathaniel Hughson, a property owner to the north, cooperated with George Hamilton to prepare a proposal for a courthouse and jail on Hamiltons property. Hamilton offered the land to the crown for the future site, Durand was empowered by Hughson and Hamilton to sell property holdings which became the site of the town. As he had instructed, Durand circulated the offers at York during a session of the Legislative Assembly. Initially, this town was not the most important centre of the Gore District, a permanent jail was not constructed until 1832 when a cut-stone design was completed on one of the two squares created in 1816, Princes Square.
Subsequently, the first police board and the limits were defined by statute on February 13,1833. Official City status was achieved on June 9,1846, by an act of Parliament,9 Victoria Chapter 73, the city had several interurban electric street railways and two inclines, all powered by the Cataract Power Co. Though suffering through the Hamilton Street Railway strike of 1906, with industrial businesses expanding, allan Skyway in 1958, and the first Tim Hortons store in 1964. Since then, many of the industries have moved or shut down operations and the economy has shifted more toward the service sector, such as transportation, education