Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Canal in Lambertville.JPG
Seal of Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Hunterdon County
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
40°34′N 74°55′W / 40.57°N 74.92°W / 40.57; -74.92Coordinates: 40°34′N 74°55′W / 40.57°N 74.92°W / 40.57; -74.92
Founded 1714
Named for Robert Hunter
Government
• Freeholder Director

John E. Lanza (R, term ends December 31, 2017)
Seat Flemington[1]
Largest city Raritan Township (population)
Readington Township (area)
Area
 • Total 437.44 sq mi (1,133 km2)
 • Land 427.82 sq mi (1,108 km2)
 • Water 9.62 sq mi (25 km2), 2.20%
Population
 • (2010) 128,349[2]
124,676 (2016 est.; 18th in state)[3][2]
 • Density 298/sq mi (115/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Website www.co.hunterdon.nj.us

Hunterdon County is a county located in the western section of the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 124,676, making it the state's 18th-most populous county,[3][4][5] representing a 2.9% decrease from the 128,349 enumerated in the 2010 United States Census,[2] in turn increasing by 6,360 (+5.2%) from the 121,989 counted in the 2000 Census,[6] retaining its position as the state's 14th-most populous county. The percentage increase in population between 2000 and 2010 was the largest in New Jersey, almost triple the statewide increase of 4.5%, and the absolute increase in residents was the third highest.[7] It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, its county seat is Flemington.[1]

In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $80,759, the third-highest in New Jersey and ranked 33rd of 3,113 counties in the United States,[8][9] the Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 19th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.[10] Hunterdon County is noted for having the second-lowest level of child poverty of any county in the United States.[11]

It is part of the Newark-Union, NJ-PA Metropolitan Division of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[12][13]

Hunterdon County was established on March 11, 1714, separating from Burlington County, at which time it included all of present-day Morris, Sussex and Warren counties.[14] The rolling hills and rich soils which produce bountiful agricultural crops drew Native American tribes and then Europeans to the area.

Geology[edit]

Around 500 million years ago, a chain of volcanic islands shaped like an arch collided with proto North America and rode over the top of the North American plate, the rock from the islands created the highlands of Hunterdon County as there was a shallow sea where Hunterdon County is now located. Then around four hundred million B.C., a small continent that was long and thin, collided with proto North America. This collision created compression, which caused heat, the Paleozoic sediment of shale and sandstone folded and faulted. The heat allowed the igneous rock to bend, thus Hunterdon County was born.

The African plate which later collided with North America created more folding and faulting, especially in the southern Appalachians. Then the African and North America plates tore and drifted away from each other.

The Wisconsin glacier that entered into New Jersey around 21,000 BCE and then melted around 13,000 BCE did not reach Hunterdon County. However, there are glacial outwash deposits from streams and rivers that flowed from the glacier southward depositing rock and sediment.

Hunterdon County has two geophysical provinces, the first is the Highlands which is the western section of the county. The other is the Piedmont which is the eastern and southern section of the county, the Highlands account for one third of the area and the Piedmont accounts for two thirds of the county.

The Highlands are part of the Reading Prong. Limestone and shale over igneous rock comprise the Highlands.

The Piedmont includes the Hunterdon Plateau and the Raritan Valley Lowlands which are 150 to 300 feet (46 to 91 m) above sea level. The Piedmont is made up of shale and sandstone.

The bridge over the South Branch of the Raritan River in Califon.
Oldwick General Store

Paleo Indians and Native Americans[edit]

Paleo Indians moved into Hunterdon County between 12,000 BCE and 11,000 BCE, the area was warming due to climate change. The Wisconsin Glacier in Warren and Sussex County was retreating northward, the area was that of Taiga/Boreal forests. Paleo Indians traveled in small groups in search of game and edible plants, they used spears made of bone, jasper or black chert. Their camp sites are difficult to find as they are many feet below the present surface.

Native Americans moved into the area but the time they arrived is unknown. Most have come from the Mississippi River area. Many tribes of the Delaware Nation lived in Hunterdon County especially along the Delaware River and in the Flemington area, these tribes were agricultural in nature, growing corn, beans and squash. Those that lived along the South Branch of the Raritan River fished and farmed. There was a Native American trail that went along the South Branch of the Raritan River (Philhower 1924).

European settlement[edit]

Land purchases from Native Americans occurred from 1688 to 1758. Large land purchases from Native Americans occurred in 1703, 1709 and 1710, over 150,000 acres (610 km2) were bought with metal knives and pots, clothing, blankets, barrels of rum or hard cider, guns, powder and shot. This allowed for European settlers to enter into Hunterdon County in the early 18th century, after 1760, nearly all Native Americans left New Jersey and relocated to eastern Canada or the Mississippi River area.[citation needed]

The first European settlers were Col. John Reading who settled in Reading Township in 1704 and John Holcombe who settled in Lambertville in 1705.[15]

County origin[edit]

Hunterdon County was separated from Burlington County on March 11, 1714, at that time Hunterdon County was large, going from Assunpink Creek near Trenton to the New York State line which at that time was about 10 miles (16 km) north of Port Jervis, New York.[14] Hunterdon County was named for Robert Hunter, a colonial governor of New Jersey.[16] Language changes over time and location, so by stemming of [s], and a [t] → [d] lenition of the name of his family seat of "Hunterston" in Ayrshire, Scotland, the name "Hunterdon" was derived.[15][17]

On March 15, 1739, Morris County (which at the time included what would later become Sussex County and Warren County) was separated from Hunterdon County,[14] the boundary between Hunterdon and Somerset counties is evidence of the old Keith Line which separated the provinces of West Jersey and East Jersey.

Hunterdon County was reduced in area on February 22, 1838, with the formation of Mercer County from portions of Burlington County, Hunterdon County and Middlesex County; in February 1839, the remaining portion of Hopewell Township was annexed to Mercer County. On March 13, 1844 Hopewell Township returned to Hunterdon County while Tewksbury Township was annexed by Somerset County but in February 1845 both of these changes were repealed, since then, the county boundaries have remained the same.[14]

Hunterdon County was being affected by industrialization in the state and nation, mining speculation in northwest New Jersey, and competitors constructing railroads, the Elizabethtown and Somerville Railroad leased a section to White House just south of Tewksbury Township in 1848.[citation needed]

Recent history[edit]

Transitioning from rural to suburban, Hunterdon County is an exurb on the western edge of New Jersey and home to commuters to New York City and Philadelphia, the county seat, Flemington, is noted as the site of the Lindbergh kidnapping trial which convicted Bruno Hauptmann of the murder of aviator Charles Lindbergh's son. With growing towns and shopping areas, as well as relaxing rural areas, Hunterdon County is a far stretch from the urban areas stereotypically associated with New Jersey.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 437.44 square miles (1,133.0 km2), including 427.82 square miles (1,108.0 km2) of land (97.8%) and 9.62 square miles (24.9 km2) of water (2.2%).[18]

Much of the county is hilly, with several hills rising to one thousand foot in elevation, the highest points are two areas in Lebanon Township, one on the Morris County line, both reaching approximately 1,060 feet (320 m) above sea level.[19] The first is at Smith on the Morris County line and the second is north of the area called Little Brook, this area is known as the Highlands of New Jersey. The lowest elevation is where the Mercer County line reaches the Delaware River, approximately 50 feet (15 m) above sea level, the county is drained by the Musconetcong River in the north. The river flows in a southwest direction, the Lamington River drains the county in the east. The central portion of the county is drained by the South Branch of the Raritan River, the Delaware River drains the western side of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

The county borders the following:[20]

Hunting and fishing[edit]

Hunterdon County is considered the premier place to hunt white tailed deer in New Jersey. More deer are harvested each year than any other county according to New Jersey Fish and Game records.[21]

The premier fishing streams are the Musconetcong in the north and the Lamington River, the NJ Fish and Game stocks thousands of rainbow, brown, and brook trout in these streams as well as other streams such as the South Branch of the Raritan River.

Round Valley Reservoir and Spruce Run Reservoir are manmade reservoirs that provide boating and fishing opportunities for patrons. Covering 2,000 acres (810 ha) and the state's largest reservoir with 55,000,000,000 US gallons (2.1×1011 l; 4.6×1010 imp gal) of water, Round Valley is one of New Jersey's trophy trout lakes, and holds the state records for smallmouth bass, brown trout, lake trout, and American eel.[22] Spruce Run, the state's third-largest reservoir, held the state record for Northern Pike for nearly 30 years, and offers a large variety of species for anglers to pursue.[23]

New Jersey Fish and Game has nine Wildlife Management Areas for hunting ducks, deer, pheasants, quail, rabbits, squirrels and bears.[24]

Income and taxes[edit]

Hunterdon County ranked as the 19th among the highest-income counties in the United States with a 2010 per capita income of $67,053. It ranks fourth among U.S. counties for household income according to the most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Hunterdon County's median household income was $105,186, behind only Loudoun County, Fairfax County, and Howard County, Maryland, as of 2005, Hunterdon had the third-highest median property tax of any county in the nation at $6,988, the highest in New Jersey.[25][26] As of the Tax Foundation's rankings based on 2006 data, Hunterdon had taken the top spot for highest median property tax at $7,999.[27][28]

As of 2011, Hunterdon still had the nation's highest taxes, with a median of $8,216.[29]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 20,153
1800 21,261 5.5%
1810 24,556 15.5%
1820 28,604 16.5%
1830 31,060 8.6%
1840 24,789 * −20.2%
1850 28,990 16.9%
1860 33,654 16.1%
1870 36,963 9.8%
1880 38,570 4.3%
1890 35,355 −8.3%
1900 34,507 −2.4%
1910 33,569 −2.7%
1920 32,885 −2.0%
1930 34,728 5.6%
1940 36,766 5.9%
1950 42,736 16.2%
1960 54,107 26.6%
1970 69,718 28.9%
1980 87,361 25.3%
1990 107,776 23.4%
2000 121,989 13.2%
2010 128,349 5.2%
Est. 2016 124,676 [3] −2.9%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[30]
1970-2010[31] 2000[6] 2010[2]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[14]

Certain municipalities, such as Clinton and Union Township, have prisons within their borders, so their racial demographics will be slightly skewed when compared with the rest of the county.[citation needed]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 128,349 people, 47,169 households, and 34,339 families residing in the county, the population density was 300 per square mile (120/km2). There were 49,487 housing units at an average density of 115.7 per square mile (44.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.36% (117,264) White, 2.69% (3,451) Black or African American, 0.13% (167) Native American, 3.26% (4,181) Asian, 0.03% (37) Pacific Islander, 1.22% (1,570) from other races, and 1.31% (1,679) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.24% (6,722) of the population.[2]

There were 47,169 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.1.[2]

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 98.1 males.[2] .

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[32] there were 121,989 people, 43,678 households, and 32,845 families residing in the county, the population density was 284 people per square mile (110/km²). There were 45,032 housing units at an average density of 105 per square mile (40/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.91% White, 2.25% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.92% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 2.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6][33] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 24.9% were German, 20.7% Irish, 20.6% Italian, 12.5% English, 10.0% Polish and 4.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.[33][34]

There were 43,678 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.30% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14.[6]

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years, for every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.[6]

Hunterdon County's median income for a household was $79,888, which made it the fourth-highest county in the country based on median household income. Median income for a family was $91,050. Males had a median income of $61,888 versus $40,852 for females, the per capita income for the county was $36,370, which ranks as the thirteenth highest county in the country based on per capita income. About 1.6% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[33][35]

Transportation[edit]

Entering Hunterdon County along Route 643

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the county had a total of 1,412.33 miles (2,272.92 km) of roadways, of which 1,059.23 miles (1,704.67 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 237.73 miles (382.59 km) by Hunterdon County and 114.79 miles (184.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.58 miles (0.93 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.[36]

Many important roads pass through the county, they include state routes, such as Route 12, Route 29, Route 31, Route 165, Route 173 and Route 179. Two U.S. Routes that pass through are U.S. Route 22 and U.S. Route 202. The only limited access road that passes through is Interstate 78.

Rail and bus transportation[edit]

Whitehouse Station

Rail service to the northern part of the county from Newark Penn Station is provided to High Bridge, Annandale, Lebanon and Whitehouse Station by NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line.[37]

The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through Hunterdon County.[38]

In addition, The Link operates demand-response service across the county, as well as fixed-route service in Flemington.[39] Trans-Bridge Lines also provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, as well as several towns/cities west in Pennsylvania.[40]

Government[edit]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election, at an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. The Freeholder Board is the center of legislative and administrative responsibility and, as such, performs a dual role, as legislators they draw up and adopt a budget, and in the role of administrators they are responsible for spending the funds they have appropriated.[41] In 2016, freeholders were paid $16,000 and the freeholder director was paid an annual salary of $17,000.[42]

As of 2017, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are:[43][44]

  • Freeholder Director John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2019; term as freeholder director ends 2017)[45]
  • Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, term as freeholder ends 2018; term as freeholder deputy director ends 2017),[46]
  • J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2018),[47]
  • Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2019),[48]
  • Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2017).[49]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[50] Hunterdon Conunty's constitutional officers, elected on a countywide basis, are:[51][52][53]

The Hunterdon County Prosecutor is Anthony P. Kearns III of Clinton, who was nominated by Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie in September 2016.[59][60]

Hunterdon County is a part of Vicinage 13 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Somerset County and Warren County), which is seated at the Somerset County Courthouse in Somerville, the county seat of Somerset County; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 15 is Yolanda Ciccone. The Hunterdon County Courthouse is in Flemington.[61]

Hunterdon County falls entirely within the 7th congressional district.[62][63] New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[64]

The county is part of the 15th, 16th and 23rd Districts in the New Jersey Legislature,[65] for the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 15th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Elizabeth Maher Muoio (D, Pennington).[66] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Branchburg) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Andrew Zwicker (D, South Brunswick). [67] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[68]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[69]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 54.0% 38,712 40.3% 28,898 5.7% 4,050
2012 58.1% 38,687 40.3% 26,876 1.6% 1,061
2008 55.8% 39,092 42.5% 29,776 1.6% 1,147
2004 59.8% 39,888 39.1% 26,050 1.1% 742
2000 57.1% 32,210 37.9% 21,387 5.1% 2,858
1996 51.0% 26,379 35.7% 18,446 13.3% 6,902
1992 46.6% 25,130 28.6% 15,423 24.9% 13,421
1988 69.1% 31,907 29.8% 13,758 1.1% 517
1984 72.4% 29,737 26.7% 10,972 0.9% 370
1980 58.8% 21,403 27.5% 10,029 13.7% 4,998
1976 59.5% 19,616 38.2% 12,592 2.3% 758
1972 69.0% 21,282 29.3% 9,031 1.8% 543
1968 57.8% 15,851 31.9% 8,755 10.3% 2,833
1964 40.2% 10,173 59.7% 15,091 0.1% 19
1960 64.1% 15,842 35.8% 8,863 0.1% 26
1956 72.8% 16,150 26.8% 5,957 0.4% 86
1952 67.5% 14,439 32.1% 6,878 0.4% 83
1948 60.9% 10,654 37.2% 6,515 1.9% 340
1944 59.1% 9,843 40.7% 6,774 0.2% 35
1940 56.5% 10,284 43.3% 7,872 0.3% 47
1936 48.0% 8,832 51.8% 9,526 0.3% 51
1932 51.9% 8,476 46.1% 7,531 2.0% 319
1928 73.5% 11,820 26.3% 4,225 0.2% 31
1924 60.6% 8,940 34.6% 5,103 4.8% 704
1920 54.4% 7,443 44.3% 6,067 1.3% 176
1916 42.7% 3,408 55.9% 4,462 1.4% 114
1912 25.6% 1,970 53.4% 4,103 21.0% 1,615
1908 43.1% 3,733 54.6% 4,736 2.3% 203
1904 44.6% 3,856 50.4% 4,360 5.1% 439
1900 41.3% 3,873 54.8% 5,137 4.0% 371

Hunterdon County is solidly Republican and elects some of the most conservative members of the New Jersey legislature, it has also provided big votes for independent conservative third party candidates opposing liberal and moderate Republicans, particularly in 1997, when 13% of county voters backed two conservative independent candidates against incumbent Governor Christine Todd Whitman. Hunterdon supported Steve Lonegan for Governor over Chris Christie in the 2009 Republican Primary, by a 4.0% margin. Hunterdon County is represented exclusively by Republican Freeholders and the majority of township committee and borough council seats are held by Republicans.

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 86,284 registered voters in Hunterdon County, of which 34,031 (39.4%) were registered as Republicans, 17,322 (20.1%) were registered as Democrats and 34,857 (40.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 74 voters registered to other parties.[70]

In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, John McCain defeated Barack Obama by a 13.3% margin, but Obama defeated McCain in New Jersey by a 15.5% margin.[71] Republican John McCain received 55.5% of the vote (39,092 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.3% (29,776 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (981 votes), among the 70,409 ballots cast by the county's 87,460 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.5%.[72] In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, George W. Bush carried the county by a 20.8% margin over John Kerry, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[73] Bush received 60.0% of the vote (39,888 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.2% (26,050 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (742 votes), among the 66,522 ballots cast by the county's 81,185 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.9.[74]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.9% of the vote (33,360 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.1% (12,893 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.0% (4,098 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (387 votes), among the 51,372 ballots cast by the county's 86,186 registered voters, yielding a 59.6% turnout.[75]

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Hunterdon County municipalities (click to see index key)

The following municipalities are located in Hunterdon County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area):[76]

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities[77]
Alexandria Township (11) township 4,938 1,865 27.64 0.22 27.42 180.1 68.0 Everittstown
Little York
Mechlings Corner
Mount Salem
Swinesburg
Bethlehem Township (16) township 3,979 1,386 20.83 0.12 20.71 192.1 66.9 Charlestown
Polktown
Swinesburg
Bloomsbury (15) borough 870 358 0.91 0.03 0.88 991.9 408.1
Califon (25) borough 1,076 419 0.97 0.02 0.95 1,133.3 441.3 Lower Valley
Clinton (town) (18) town 2,719 1,098 1.42 0.08 1.34 2,032.6 820.8
Clinton Township (19) township 13,478 4,737 33.82 3.95 29.88 451.1 158.6 Annandale CDP (1,695)
Cedar Heights
Cokesbury
Hamden
Mariannes Corner
Potterstown
Stone Mill
Sunnyside
Delaware Township (4) township 4,563 1,927 37.02 0.39 36.64 124.5 52.6 Bowne
Brookville
Dilts Corner
Headquarters
Locktown
Prallsville
Raven Rock
Rosemont
Sand Brook
Sandy Ridge
Sergeantsville
East Amwell Township (3) township 4,013 1,580 28.56 0.10 28.46 141.0 55.5 Amwell
Boss Road
Bowne
Buttonwood Corners
Cloverhill
Furmans Corner
Larisons Corners
Linvale
Reaville
Rileyville
Ringoes
Rocktown
Snydertown
Unionville
Vanlieu Corners
Wertsville
Flemington (8) borough 4,581 1,926 1.08 0.00 1.08 4,252.2 1,787.8
Franklin Township (10) township 3,195 1,204 23.00 0.20 22.80 140.1 52.8 Allens Corner
Alvater Corner
Cherryville
Grandin
Kingtown
Lansdowne
Littletown
Oak Grove
Quakertown
Sidney
Sunnyside
Frenchtown (12) borough 1,373 656 1.36 0.10 1.26 1,087.2 519.4
Glen Gardner (22) borough 1,704 825 1.52 0.00 1.52 1,117.8 541.2 Bells Crossing
Clarksville
Hampton (23) borough 1,401 612 1.54 0.01 1.53 915.1 399.7 Hampton Junction
High Bridge (21) borough 3,648 1,481 2.43 0.04 2.39 1,526.9 619.9 Pierce Heights
Holland Township (14) township 5,291 2,066 24.02 0.51 23.51 225.0 87.9 Amsterdam
Hughesville
Little York
Mount Joy
Riegel Ridge
Spring Mills
Kingwood Township (6) township 3,845 1,569 35.77 0.62 35.16 109.4 44.6 Barbertown
Byram
Idell
Milltown
Point Breeze
Tumble Falls
Lambertville (1) city 3,914 2,079 1.30 0.14 1.15 3,386.1 1,798.8
Lebanon (20) borough 1,358 664 0.89 0.00 0.89 1,532.0 749.1
Lebanon Township (24) township 6,588 2,439 31.70 0.24 31.46 209.4 77.5 Anthony
Bunnvale
Hampton Junction
Hoffmans
Little Brook
Lower Valley
Mount Lebanon
New Hampton
Newport
Penwell
Red Mill
Scrappy Corner
Spruce Run
Stone Mill
Woodglen
Milford (13) borough 1,233 552 1.23 0.08 1.15 1,073.4 480.5
Raritan Township (7) township 22,177 8,284 37.69 0.16 37.53 591.2 220.9 Bartles Corners
Cloverhill
Copper Hill
Croton
Flemington Junction
Gary Corner
Klinesville
Larisons Corners
Muirhead
Reaville
Rockefellows Mills
Thachers Hill
Voorhees Corner
Readington Township (9) township 16,126 6,191 48.04 0.30 47.74 337.8 129.7 Barley Sheaf
Centerville
Cushetunk
Darts Mills
Dreahook
Holcomb Mills
McCrea Mills
Mechanicsville
Pleasant Run
Potterstown
Readington Village
Riverside
Rowland's Mills
Stanton
Three Bridges
Whitehouse
Whitehouse Station CDP (2,089)
Stockton (5) borough 538 259 0.61 0.08 0.54 1,005.6 484.1
Tewksbury Township (26) township 5,993 2,323 31.70 0.17 31.53 190.1 73.7 Bissell
Cokesbury
Fairmount
Farmersville
Laurel Farms
Lower Fairmount
Mountainville
Oldwick
Sutton
Vernoy
Union Township (17) township 5,908 1,830 20.61 1.87 18.74 315.3 97.7 Coles Mills
Grandin
Hensfoot
Jutland
Kingtown
Mechlings Corner
Mount Salem
Norton
Pattenburg
Perryville
Polktown
Van Syckel
West Amwell Township (2) township 2,842 1,157 21.78 0.19 21.58 177.9 53.6 Alexauken
Bowne
Linvale
Mount Airy
Rocktown
Hunterdon County county 127,351 49,487 437.44 9.62 427.82 300.0 115.7

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places within Hunterdon County include:

Parks[edit]

The Hunterdon County Department of Parks and Recreation manages these parks.

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

A map of Hunterdon County high school sending districts. Click for a key.
  • Delaware Valley Regional High School, in Frenchtown, serves the townships of Alexandria, Holland and Kingwood and the boroughs of Frenchtown and Milford.[82]
  • Hunterdon Central Regional High School, located in Flemington, serves students from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township.[83]
  • North Hunterdon High School, located in Clinton Township, hosts the students of Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[84]
  • Phillipsburg High School, located in Phillipsburg in neighboring Warren County, educates the students of Bloomsbury, though a proposal is currently on the table to send the borough's students to Delaware Valley Regional High school instead.[85]
  • South Hunterdon Regional High School, located in Lambertville, serves students from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township.[86]
  • Voorhees High School, in Lebanon Township, serves the students of , Califon Borough, Glen Gardner Borough, Hampton Borough, High Bridge Borough, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township.[87]

Higher education[edit]

  • Raritan Valley Community College is the two-year community college for both Hunterdon and Somerset County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. Founded in 1965, the school's main campus is located in North Branch, in Somerset County.[88]
  • Rutgers University has a partnership with Raritan Valley Community College which offers bachelor's degree completion programs at the North Branch campus.[89]

Climate and weather[edit]

Flemington, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.8
 
 
37
19
 
 
3.2
 
 
41
22
 
 
4.3
 
 
50
28
 
 
4.3
 
 
62
38
 
 
4.6
 
 
72
47
 
 
4.6
 
 
81
57
 
 
5.2
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.7
 
 
83
61
 
 
4.3
 
 
77
53
 
 
4.5
 
 
65
41
 
 
3.8
 
 
54
33
 
 
4.3
 
 
42
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[90]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Flemington have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −18 °F (−28 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.16 inches (80 mm) in February to 5.16 inches (131 mm) in July.[90]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 26, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c State & County QuickFacts - Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ GCT-PEPANNCHG: Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2015 to July 1, 2016 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 7, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  7. ^ NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  8. ^ [lwd.dol.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/industry/incpov/highcnty.xls 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes available for 3113 counties in the United States: 2015], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  9. ^ Local Area Personal Income: 2015, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  10. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009 Archived December 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Bureau of Economic Analysis. Hunterdon has the highest per capita personal income for counties with under 250,000 people. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  11. ^ Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates - Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2015.
  12. ^ May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  13. ^ Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas Archived March 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d e Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 153. Accessed May 30, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Fun Facts, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  16. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 163. 
  17. ^ Shupe, Lillian. "What's with this? Walpack Township once part of Hunterdon, Hunterdon County Democrat, April 19, 2012. Accessed May 30, 2012. "At one time Hunterdon County, the second county to be established in New Jersey, extended as far south as Trenton and as far north as the New York State line which at that time was about 10 miles north of Port Jervis, N.Y. Hunterdon County was named for Robert Hunter, a colonial governor of New Jersey, his former home in England was called Hunterston but over time the name was changed to Hunterdon."
  18. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  19. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  20. ^ Areas touching Hunterdon County, MapIt. Accessed January 8, 2015.
  21. ^ Wildlife, NJ Division of Fish and. "NJDEP Division of Fish & Wildlife - White-tailed Deer in New Jersey". www.state.nj.us. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  22. ^ Round Valley Recreation Area, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed October 24, 2017. "The Round Valley Reservoir swimming area was created by the construction of an earth dam across a narrow waterway on the west side of the reservoir, separating it from the main part of the reservoir. The reservoir covers over 2,000 acres and is approximately 180 feet deep, the deepest lake in New Jersey, it has a water capacity of 55 billion gallons."
  23. ^ Spruce Run Recreation Area, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed October 24, 2017. "The reservoir was one of the first water supply facilities to be constructed and operated by the state and covers 1,290 acres with 15 miles of shoreline for recreation. Spruce Run is the third largest reservoir in the state after Round Valley and Wanaque reservoirs."
  24. ^ Wildlife Management Areas, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  25. ^ Suburbs Near NYC Have Highest Tax Bills, Newsday, October 4, 2006 Archived March 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Property Taxes on Owner Occupied Housing by County, 2005, Tax Foundation. Accessed October 4, 2006.
  27. ^ Woolsey, Matt. "America's Priciest Property Taxes", Forbes, October 3, 2007. Accessed January 11, 2008. "The hardest hit? Homeowners in western New Jersey's Hunterdon County. Last year, the median yearly property tax bill amounted to a whopping $7,999 here, according to the Tax Foundation, a nonpartisan research group in Washington, D.C, which compiled data based on 2006 figures."
  28. ^ New York, New Jersey Homeowners Nation's Hardest Hit by Property Taxes, Tax Foundation press release dated September 12, 2007. Accessed January 11, 2008.
  29. ^ Staff. "Hunterdon County, N.J., Has Highest Taxes", Bloomberg, May 17, 2011. Accessed October 5, 2013. "Residents of New Jersey's Hunterdon County pay the highest property taxes in the U.S., according to the Tax Foundation. The annual median property tax in Hunterdon, about 60 miles (97 kilometers) southwest of Manhattan near the Delaware River, was $8,216, a report issued today by the Washington-based organization shows."
  30. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  31. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
  32. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  33. ^ a b c Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 24, 2008. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  34. ^ DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  35. ^ DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  36. ^ Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  37. ^ Hunterdon County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed September 20, 2012.
  38. ^ Hunterdon County Freight Profile, North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. Accessed October 24, 2017. "On the rail network, the Norfolk Southern Lehigh Line, which runs across the County, is one of the most heavily - traveled freight rail lines in the State."
  39. ^ The LINK
  40. ^ NYC PABT -- Eastbound, Trans-Bridge Lines. Accessed October 22,2017.
  41. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  42. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?", NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder director: $17,000; Other freeholders: $16,000"
  43. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  44. ^ 2017 County Data Sheet, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  45. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  46. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  47. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  48. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  49. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  50. ^ New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 26, 2017.
  51. ^ Elected and Appointed Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  52. ^ 2017 County and Municipal Guide, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  53. ^ Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  54. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  55. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  56. ^ Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  57. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  58. ^ Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
  59. ^ Message from the Prosecutor, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  60. ^ Governor Chris Christie Files Nominations, Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie, press release dated September 8, 2016. Accessed October 24, 2017. "Hunterdon County Prosecutor - Nominate for reappointment Anthony P. Kearns, III (Clinton, Hunterdon)"
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  75. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 8, 2015.
  76. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 25, 2017.
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  78. ^ The Red Mill in Operation: 1810 - 1928, Red Mill Museum Village. Accessed October 27, 2017.
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  80. ^ Bonelli, Winnie (March 15, 2010). "Veering Toward Stardom". New Jersey Monthly. 
  81. ^ Blasberg, Derek (July 5, 2012). "Drew's Angels - Taissa Farmiga". V Magazine. 
  82. ^ Delaware Valley Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "The Delaware Valley Regional High School District can be found in the heart of pastoral and beautiful Hunterdon County, New Jersey. The District serves students in grades nine through twelve who reside in the five municipalities that comprise our region: Alexandria Township, Frenchtown Borough, Holland Township, Kingwood Township, and Milford Borough."
  83. ^ Hunterdon Central Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "Located in beautiful, historic Hunterdon County in central New Jersey, Hunterdon Central Regional High School serves the five municipalities of Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township. The District is comprised of 152.5 square miles and has a population of approximately 51,468 residents."
  84. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed October 27, 2017. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, The Town of Clinton, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  85. ^ Petty, Todd. "Bloomsbury school board will consider ending relationship with Phillipsburg High School tomorrow night", The Warren Reporter, October 8, 2012. Accessed October 27, 2017. "The Board of Education will vote to decide whether it wants to continue sending students to Phillipsburg High School at a meeting tomorrow night. The agenda for tomorrow night’s meeting includes a resolution 'approving the filing of petition to sever send/receive relationship between the Bloomsbury Board of Education and the Phillipsburg Board of Education.'"
  86. ^ South Hunterdon Regional School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "Bordering the Delaware River and located in the culturally rich and rural region of Southern Hunterdon County, SHRSD serves the communities of Lambertville, Stockton, and West Amwell."
  87. ^ Voorhees High School 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "Voorhees High School has consistently ranked among the top high schools in New Jersey and was named a National Blue Ribbon School in 2015. With an enrollment of 1,087 students in grades 9-12, the school serves the communities of Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, and Tewksbury Township."
  88. ^ History, Mission & Core Values, Raritan Valley Community College. Accessed May 30, 2012.
  89. ^ About Raritan Valley Archived July 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Rutgers University. Accessed May 30, 2012.
  90. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Flemington, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]