Spring Awakening (musical)
Spring Awakening is a rock musical with music by Duncan Sheik and a book and lyrics by Steven Sater. It is based on the 1891 German play Spring Awakening by Frank Wedekind. Set in late 19th-century Germany, the musical tells the story of teenagers discovering the inner and outer tumult of teenage sexuality. In the musical, alternative rock is employed as part of the folk-infused rock score. Following its conception in the late 1990s and various workshops, concerts and its Off-Broadway debut, the original Broadway production of Spring Awakening opened at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre on December 10, 2006, its cast included Jonathan Groff, Lea Michele, Skylar Astin and John Gallagher Jr. while its creative team comprised director Michael Mayer and choreographer Bill T. Jones; the original Broadway production won eight Tony Awards, including Tonys for Best Musical, Book and Featured Actor. The production garnered four Drama Desk Awards, while its original cast album received a Grammy Award. In addition, the show was revived in 2015 on Broadway and garnered three Tony Award nominations, among other honors.
The success of the Broadway production has spawned several other productions worldwide, including various US productions, a short West End production that won four Laurence Olivier Awards including Best New Musical, a series of international productions. Wendla Bergmann, an adolescent in late 19th-century Germany, laments that her mother gave her "no way to handle things" and has not taught her the lessons she is meant to know as a young woman, she tells her mother that it is time she learned where babies come from, considering that she is about to be an aunt for the second time. Her mother cannot bring herself to explain the facts about conception to Wendla, despite knowing her daughter is reaching puberty. Instead, she tells Wendla that to conceive a child a woman must love her husband with all of her heart; the other young girls in town – Martha, Thea and Ilse – appear to be naïve and are upset about the lack of knowledge presented to them. At school, some teenage boys are studying Virgil in Latin class.
When Moritz Stiefel, a nervous and anxious young man, sleepily misquotes a line, the teacher chastises him harshly. Moritz’s classmate, the rebellious and intelligent Melchior Gabor, tries to defend him, but the teacher will have none of it, hits Melchior with a stick. Melchior reflects on the shallow narrow-mindedness of school and society and expresses his intent to change things. Moritz describes a dream, keeping him up at night, Melchior realizes that Moritz has been having erotic dreams which Moritz believes are signs of insanity. To comfort the panicked Moritz, who has learned sexual information from books, tells Moritz that all of the boys at their age get these dreams. Moritz and the other boys – Ernst, Hänschen and Georg – share their own sexually frustrated thoughts and desires. Moritz, not comfortable talking about the subject with Melchior, requests that he give him the information in the form of an essay, complete with illustrations. All the girls, save Ilse, are gathered together after school and tease each other as they fantasize about marrying the boys in the town.
Martha admits that she is made fun of by the other girls. At the top of the list is the radical and good-looking Melchior. Moritz has eagerly digested the essay that Melchior prepared for him, but complains that his new knowledge has only made his dreams more vivid and torturous. Melchior tries to calm and comfort his friend. All of the boys and girls express their desires for physical intimacy. Searching for flowers for her mother, Wendla stumbles upon Melchior; the two reminisce on the friendship they once shared as children and share a moment while sitting together in front of a tree. Each of them considers what it would be like to give in to their physical desires for one another, but they do not do so. Meanwhile, at school, Moritz sneaks a look at his test results and is thrilled to learn that he has passed his midterm examinations, tells the other boys, they are ecstatic. However, the teacher and schoolmaster, who claim they cannot pass everyone, decide to fail Moritz anyway, deeming his passing grade still not up to the school's lofty standards.
Martha accidentally admits to her friends that her father abuses her physically and sexually and that her mother is either oblivious or uncaring. The other girls are horrified to hear this, but Martha makes them promise not to tell anyone, lest she end up like Ilse, a friend from childhood who now wanders homeless and aimless after her abusive parents kicked her out of the house. Wendla finds Melchior again at his spot in the woods and tells him about Martha's abuse. Melchior is appalled to hear this, but Wendla convinces him to hit her with a switch, so that she can try to understand Martha’s pain. At first Melchior is determined to do nothing of the sort, but reluctantly complies, he gets carried away in the beating, taking his own frustrations out on Wendla and throws her to the ground. Disgusted with himself, Melchior runs off as Wendla is left weeping. Alone, Wendla finds, she takes it with her. Moritz is told he has failed his final examination, his father reacts with disdain and contempt when Moritz tells him that he will not progress in school.
Rather than attempting to understand his son's pain, Moritz's father is only concerned with ho
Next to Normal
Next to Normal is a 2008 American rock musical with book and lyrics by Brian Yorkey and music by Tom Kitt. The story centers on a mother who struggles with worsening bipolar disorder and the effects that managing her illness has on her family; the musical addresses grief, drug abuse, ethics in modern psychiatry, the underbelly of suburban life. Before its Off-Broadway debut, Next to Normal received several workshop performances and won the Outer Critics Circle Award for Outstanding New Score and received Drama Desk Awards nominations for Outstanding Actress and Outstanding Score. After its Off-Broadway run, the show played from November 2008 to January 2009 at the Arena Stage while the theater was in its temporary venue in Virginia; the musical opened on Broadway in April 2009. It was nominated for eleven Tony Awards that year and won three: Best Original Score, Best Orchestration, Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Alice Ripley, it won the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, becoming the eighth musical in history to receive the honor.
Rent, directed by Michael Greif, was the last musical to win the Pulitzer, in 1996. In awarding the prize to Kitt and Yorkey, the Pulitzer Board called the show "a powerful rock musical that grapples with mental illness in a suburban family and expands the scope of subject matter for musicals."The first US national tour launched in November 2010, with Alice Ripley reprising her Broadway role. The Broadway production closed in January 2011 after more than 700 performances. There have been numerous international productions. Suburban mother Diana Goodman waits up late for her curfew-challenged son and attempts to comfort her anxious and overachieving daughter, Natalie. In the early morning, their son returns, Dan, Diana's husband, rises to help prepare the family for the day. Everything appears normal until Dan and Natalie realize that the sandwiches Diana is making are covering every surface in the kitchen; as Dan helps the disoriented Diana, the kids hurry off to school. Natalie escapes to the refuge of the piano practice room and is interrupted by Henry, a classmate who likes to listen to her play and, interested in her.
Over the ensuing weeks, Diana makes a series of visits to her doctor, while Dan waits in the car outside questioning how to cope with his own depression. Diana has suffered from bipolar disorder and psychosis for the past sixteen years, her doctor continually adjusts her medications, with various side effects, until she says she doesn't feel anything, at which point he declares her "stable". Natalie and Henry grow closer until one day he professes his love for her and they kiss for the first time. Diana, witnessing this, worries. With her son's encouragement, she flushes away her medication. A few weeks Dan looks forward to dinner with his family, to which Henry has been invited, much to Natalie's dismay, he recounts how Diana has been energetic and in a great mood for the past weeks, but when Diana emerges with a cake singing "Happy Birthday" to her son and Natalie are devastated. Dan reminds her that their son died sixteen years ago when he was an infant. Dan mentions a return to the doctor, but Diana refuses, saying Dan can't hurt the way she does.
Dan tries to coax her into trusting him while their son tries to convince his mother to listen to him instead. In her room, Natalie vents her anger to Henry and refuses Diana's halfhearted apology as her brother watches and taunts her. A few days Diana starts work with Doctor Madden, attempting a drug-free treatment; as her son tries to assert his presence and Natalie doubt the sessions are helping. After an argument, Natalie begins experimenting with her mother's old prescription medications. Doctor Madden proposes hypnosis to help Diana discover the roots of her trauma; the therapy is draining and Dan worries that it is too much of a strain on her mental health, while Natalie bombs an important piano recital when she realizes her mother is not present. Diana agrees it's time to let her son go. Diana goes home to clean out her son's things, pausing to listen to a music box, her son dances with her and invites her to'go away with him'. She is hospitalized. At the hospital, Diana lies restrained, with self-inflicted gashes to her wrists.
Doctor Madden explains to Dan that ECT is the standard course of treatment for drug-resistant patients who are at high risk of suicide. Dan goes home to clean up after Diana and avoids a breakdown; the next day, Doctor Madden proposes the treatment to Diana, she reacts angrily, comparing the treatment to the lobotomies performed in the movie One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Dan manages to convince her that it may be their last hope. Diana receives a series of ECT treatments over two weeks. Meanwhile, Natalie explores clubs and drugs sharing a hallucination with her mother.. Diana returns home from the hospital. At school, Henry confronts Natalie about her avoiding him, invites her to the spring formal dance. Dan and Diana visit Doctor Madden, who assures them some memory loss is normal and encourages
Rent is a rock musical with music and book by Jonathan Larson, loosely based on Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème. It tells the story of a group of impoverished young artists struggling to survive and create a life in Lower Manhattan's East Village in the thriving days of Bohemian Alphabet City, under the shadow of HIV/AIDS; the musical was first seen in a workshop production at New York Theatre Workshop in 1993. This same Off-Broadway theatre was the musical's initial home following its official 1996 opening; the show's creator, Jonathan Larson, died of an aortic dissection, believed to have been caused by undiagnosed Marfan syndrome, the night before the Off-Broadway premiere. The musical moved to Broadway's larger Nederlander Theatre on April 29, 1996. On Broadway, Rent won several awards; the Broadway production closed on September 2008, after a 12-year run of 5,123 performances. On February 14, 2016, the musical Wicked surpassed Rent's number of performances with a 2pm matinee, pushing Rent from the tenth- to eleventh-longest-running Broadway show.
The production grossed over $280 million. The success of the show led to numerous foreign productions. In 2005, it was adapted into a motion picture featuring most of the original cast members. In 1988, playwright Billy Aronson wanted to create "a musical based on Puccini's La Bohème, in which the luscious splendor of Puccini's world would be replaced with the coarseness and noise of modern New York." In 1989, Jonathan Larson, a 29-year-old composer, began collaborating with Aronson on this project, the two composed together "Santa Fe", "Splatter", "I Should Tell You". Larson suggested setting the play "amid poverty, spunky gay life, drag queens and punk" in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, which happened to be down the street from his Greenwich Village apartment, he came up with the show's ultimate title. In 1991, he asked Aronson if he could make Rent his own. Larson had ambitious expectations for Rent. Aronson and Larson made an agreement that if the show went to Broadway, Aronson would share in the proceeds and be given credit for "original concept & additional lyrics".
Jonathan Larson focused on composing Rent in the early 1990s, waiting tables at the Moondance Diner to support himself. Over the course of years, Larson wrote hundreds of songs and made many drastic changes to the show, which in its final incarnation contained 42 songs. In the fall of 1992, Larson approached James Nicola, artistic director of New York Theatre Workshop, with a tape and copy of Rent's script; when Rent had its first staged reading at New York Theatre Workshop in March 1993, it became evident that, despite its promising material and moving musical numbers, many structural problems needed to be addressed, including its cumbersome length and overly complex plot. As of 1994, the New York Theatre Workshop version of Rent featured songs that never made it into the final version, such as: "You're a Fool" "Do a Little Business", the predecessor of "You'll See", featuring Benny, Roger and Angel "Female to Female A & B", featuring Maureen and Joanne "He's a Fool" "He Says" "Right Brain" rewritten as "One Song Glory", featuring Roger "You'll Get Over It", the predecessor of "Tango: Maureen", featuring Mark and Maureen "Real Estate", a number wherein Benny tries to convince Mark to become a real estate agent and drop his filmmaking "Open Road", the predecessor of "What You Own", with a backing track similar to this in "Your Eyes"This workshop version of Rent starred Anthony Rapp as Mark and Daphne Rubin-Vega as Mimi.
Larson continued to work on Rent reworking its flaws and staging more workshop productions. On January 24, 1996, after the musical's final dress rehearsal before its off-Broadway opening, Larson had his first newspaper interview with music critic Anthony Tommasini of The New York Times, attracted by the coincidence that the show was debuting 100 years after Puccini's opera. Larson would not live to see Rent's success. Friends and family gathered at the New York Theatre Workshop, the first preview of Rent became a sing-through of the musical in Larson's memory; the show premiered as planned and gained popularity fueled by enthusiastic reviews and the recent death of its composer. It proved successful during its Off-Broadway run, selling out all its shows at the 150-seat New York Theater Workshop. Due to such overwhelming popularity and a need for a larger theater, Rent moved to Broadway's remodeled Nederlander Theatre on 41st Street on April 29, 1996. Larson's inspiration for Rent's content came from several different sources.
Many of the characters and plot elements are drawn directly from Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème, the world premiere of, in 1896, a century before Rent's premiere. La Bohème was about the lives of poor young artists. Tuberculosis, the plague of Puccini's opera, is replaced by HIV/AIDS in Rent; the names and identities of Rent's characters heavily reflect Puccini's original characters, though they are not all direct adaptations. For example, Joanne in Rent represents the character of Alcindoro in Bohème, but is partially based on Marcello. Joanne is the only Rent character whose predecessor in La Bohème is a dif
Hunton is a civil parish and village near the town of Maidstone in Kent, England. In the 1870s, Hunton was described like this: The village stands near the river Beult, 3 miles E by S of Yalding r. station, 4½ SW by S of Maidstone. The parish comprises 2,061 acres; the village's first recorded name was Huntindone in the eleventh century. Its name comes from Old English hunta'huntsman' and dun'hill' -'Hill of the Huntsman'; the parish was referred to in ancient deeds as Huntington. The name change to Hunton suggests tun meaning "village". "Hunton fell within the Hundred of Twyford. Its 19th century Registration District & Poor Law Union was Maidstone." Within the parish there are two schools. Hunton Church of England Primary School, built in 1963 and located at Bishops Lane, is small and rural and was rated Good by Ofsted in 2016, it is an'Outstanding' Church of England school. The other is Linton Pre-School, in the Village Hall. There is a Language Service based in Hunton,'Kent Language Services' which provides tuition for business or tourism.
Businesses include grocers, a gardening company and a pub. There are more pubs in nearby villages; the village has a ` Pop Up' shop, selling produce either made by Hunton residents. The shop consists of a small stall, mobile and can change venue, although it tends to be held in the Village Club; the shop opens for a few hours on different dates along with the Pop Up Cafe. There are a few farms in the area that sell fresh produce and monthly markets are held in Yalding and East Farleigh. Milebush Farm Pick Your Own is in the area just West of Hunton which has a vegetable shop. There is no longer a post office in Hunton but there is in the surrounding villages of Yalding and Coxheath, the village does have three post boxes. There is a local parish council. Hunton Herald is a local monthly publication with news, events an adverts about Hunton. There are 71 listed buildings in the Parish of Hunton. Four buildings are grade listed II*. St Mary's Church is a Grade I listed building, there is St Mary's Cemetery there.
In 1871 the Liberal politician Henry Campbell-Bannerman inherited the estate of Hunton Court from his uncle, Henry Bannerman. The main house being occupied, Campbell-Bannerman and his wife took the nearby house at Gennings Park as their country residence, living there until 1887; the Hunton Village Club building dates back to the 1800s believed to be a meeting house and school for young ladies and was once owned by the Hunton Court Estate. Today, the club serves drinks. Hunton Village Hall retains many of its original features; the building is used for events such as parties today. Around 1986 it was reported to be named a "working-men's" club. Transport in Hunton consists of a bus route through the village, the 26 and 26A Nu-Ventre buses travel to either Maidstone or Goudhurst. There is no train station in Hunton but there are two nearby; the River Beult runs along the south and west border of Hunton and splits into the River Medway at Yalding. The physical environment of Hunton is green space and is rural.
There are many farms across the Parish, including Milebush, Bramling Oast Amsbury, Hammonds Cheveney, Willamette Oast Amsbury, Barn Hill and North Park. Many of these farms have Oast Houses; the total number of houses has increased over time. Out of 702 residents, 690 were living in households and 12 in communal establishments reported by the 2011 census; the houses in Benstead Close were Council owned but are now private. The type of properties in the area are large detached historical homes and cottages. Next to Hunton CEP School there are almshouses owned by the church; the earliest record of Hunton's population was 582, in 1801. The highest population recorded there was 934 in 1891; the population at the 2011 Census was 702, with 342 males and 360 females in the parish. The population time series of Hunton shows this fluctuation over 200 years; the 2011 Census reported. For eight other ethnic groups, no residents were recorded. According to 1881 census data, the majority of occupations within the parish were agricultural.
The different occupations can be seen in the graph below for both males. Many female roles were classed as'unspecified'; the 2011 census data shows occupations are similar in numbers today. Female and male occupations are more alike. Females living in Hunton are in professional or secretarial occupations; the majority of males work in professional occupations. Hunton, Kent Genealogy
Hunton, North Yorkshire
Hunton is a village and civil parish about 3 miles south of Catterick Garrison and 6 miles north west of Bedale, in North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, at the 2001 census had a population of 420, decreasing to 414 at the 2011 census; the name of the village derives from Old English and means the town of the huntsmen, or where the hunts hounds were kept. The small village's local amenities include a combined post office/village shop and The Countryman's Inn, a pub and restaurant; the village has a primary school, the Hunton and Arrathorne Community Primary School, which has an Ofsted rating of good. In 1985, the landlord of the pub started a small traction steam engine gala in the village, it has outgrown the original showground in the village. The Hunton Steam Gathering is now a popular annual event. There used to be a church in the village, rebuilt in 1794, but this is now a private dwelling. To the north of Hunton is site of a medieval village that it is believed to have been left ruinous either because of raids by Scots or either due to the Black Death.
Hunton tourist information The Countryman's Inn Primary School webpage
John C. Hunton
Colonel John C. Hunton was an American Confederate veteran and rancher, he was the founding president of the Wyoming Pioneer Association. John C. Hunton was born on January 1839 in Madison County, Virginia. During the American Civil War of 1861-1865, he served in the 7th Virginia Infantry of the Confederate States Army, he was in Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg. In life, he became known as "Colonel" Hunton. After the war, Hunton worked in freighting in Missouri and Nebraska until 1867, when he moved to the Wyoming Territory and became a clerk to the post-trader at Fort Laramie. From 1888 to 1890, he took over as the post-trader. Hunton established a ranch along the Chugwater Creek in Bordeaux, where he raised cattle, he was the first president of the Wyoming Pioneer Association. He was "an authority on Indian warfare," and a diarist. Hunton married Blanche Taylor. Hunton died on September 1928 in Torrington, Wyoming, he was buried in the Lakeview Cemetery in Wyoming. In 2010, the United Daughters of the Confederacy added a Confederate marker to his grave.
Flannery, L. G. ed.. John Hunton's diary. Lingle, Wyoming: Guide-Review. OCLC 5156868. Flannery, L. G.. This old gentleman John Hunton. Fort Laramie. OCLC 38743487
Wicked is a Broadway musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Winnie Holzman. It is based on the Gregory Maguire novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, itself a retelling of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film The Wizard of Oz and the classic 1900 novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum; the musical is told from the perspective of the witches of the Land of Oz. Wicked tells the story of two unlikely friends and Galinda, who struggle through opposing personalities and viewpoints, rivalry over the same love-interest, reactions to the Wizard's corrupt government, Elphaba's public fall from grace. Produced by Universal Stage Productions in coalition with Marc Platt, Jon B. Platt and David Stone, with direction by Joe Mantello and choreography by Wayne Cilento, the original production of Wicked premiered on Broadway at the Gershwin Theatre in October 2003, after completing pre-Broadway tryouts at San Francisco's Curran Theatre in May/June of that same year.
Its original stars included Idina Menzel as Elphaba, Kristin Chenoweth as Glinda, Joel Grey as the Wizard. The original Broadway production won three Tony Awards and seven Drama Desk Awards, while its original cast album received a Grammy Award. Wicked celebrated its tenth anniversary on Broadway on October 30, 2013. On July 12, 2018, with its 6,138th performance, it surpassed A Chorus Line to become Broadway's sixth-longest running show. A typical performance takes two hours and 30 minutes, plus a 15-minute intermission; the success of the Broadway production has spawned several other productions worldwide, including various North American productions, a long-running Laurence Olivier Award–nominated West End production, a series of international productions. Since its 2003 debut, Wicked has broken box-office records around the world holding weekly-gross-takings records in Los Angeles, Chicago, St. Louis, London. In the week ending January 2, 2011, the London and both North American touring productions broke their respective records for the highest weekly gross.
In the final week of 2013, the Broadway production broke this record again. In March 2016, Wicked surpassed $1 billion in total Broadway revenue, joining both The Phantom of the Opera and The Lion King as the only Broadway shows to do so. In July 2017, Wicked surpassed The Phantom of the Opera as Broadway's second-highest grossing musical, trailing only The Lion King. Composer and lyricist Stephen Schwartz discovered Maguire's 1995 novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West while on vacation, saw its potential for a dramatic adaptation. However, Maguire had released the rights to Universal Pictures, which had planned to develop a live-action feature film. In 1998, Schwartz persuaded Maguire to release the rights to a stage production while making what Schwartz called an "impassioned plea" to Universal producer Marc Platt to realize Schwartz's own intended adaptation. Persuaded, Platt signed on as joint producer of the project with David Stone; the novel, described as a political and ethical commentary on the nature of good and evil, takes place in the Land of Oz, in the years leading to Dorothy's arrival.
The story centers on Elphaba, the misunderstood and fiery girl of emerald-green skin who grows up to become the notorious Wicked Witch of the West and Galinda, the beautiful, popular girl who grows up to become Glinda the Good Witch of the South. The story is divided into five different sections based on the plot location, presents events and situations from Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its 1939 film adaptation in new ways, it is designed to set the reader thinking about what it is to be "Wicked", whether good intentions with bad results are the same as bad intentions with bad results. Schwartz considered how best to condense the novel's dense and complicated plot into a sensible script. To this end, he collaborated with Emmy Award–winning writer Winnie Holzman to develop the outline of the plot over the course of a year while meeting with producer Marc Platt to refine the structural outline of the show, spinning an original stage piece rather than creating a strict adaptation of Maguire's work.
While the draft followed Maguire's idea of retelling the story of the 1939 film from the perspective of its main villain, the storyline of the stage adaptation "goes far afield" from the novel. As Holzman observed in an interview with Playbill, "It was brilliant idea to take this hated figure and tell things from her point of view, to have the two witches be roommates in college, but the way in which their friendship develops – and the whole plot – is different onstage." Schwartz justified the deviation, saying "Primarily we were interested in the relationship between Galinda – who becomes Glinda – and Elphaba...the friendship of these two women and how their characters lead them to different destinies." In addition to this change in focus, other major plot modifications include Fiyero's appearance as the scarecrow, Elphaba's survival at the end, Nessarose using a wheelchair instead of being born without arms, Boq having a continuing love interest for Glinda - and becoming the Tin Woodman instead of Nick Chopper, the complete cutting of Elphaba's years in the Vinkus, the deletion of Liir's birth, Fiyero not having a wife and children, Doctor Dillamond not being murdered.
The book and score for the musical were