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In Norse mythology, Hvergelmir is a major spring. Hvergelmir is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. In the Poetic Edda, Hvergelmir is mentioned in a single stanza, which details that it is the location where liquid from the antlers of the stag Eikþyrnir flow, that the spring, "whence all waters rise", is the source of numerous rivers; the Prose Edda repeats this information and adds that the spring is located in Niflheim, that it is one of the three major springs at the primary roots of the cosmic tree Yggdrasil, that within the spring are a vast amount of snakes and the dragon Níðhöggr. Hvergelmir is attested in the following works: Hvergelmir receives a single mention in the Poetic Edda, found in the poem Grímnismál: This stanza is followed by three stanzas consisting of the names of 42 rivers; some of these rivers lead to the dwelling of the gods, while at least two, reach to Hel.

Hvergelmir is mentioned several times in the Prose Edda. In Gylfaginning, Just-as-High explains that the spring Hvergelmir is located in the foggy realm of Niflheim: "It was many ages before the earth was created that Niflheim was made, in its midst lies a spring called Hvergelmir, from it flows the rivers called Svol, Fiorm, Fimbulthul and Hrid, Sylg and Ylg, Leiptr. Just-as-High says that three roots of the tree support it and "extend very far" and that the third of these three roots extends over Niflheim. Beneath this root, says Just-as-High, is the spring Hvergelmir, that the base of the root is gnawed on by the dragon Níðhöggr. Additionally, High says that Hvergelmir contains not only Níðhöggr but so many snakes that "no tongue can enumerate them"; the spring is mentioned a third time in Gylfaginning where High recounts its source: the stag Eikþyrnir stands on top of the afterlife hall Valhalla feeding branches of Yggdrasil, from the stag's antlers drips great amounts of liquid down into Hvergelmir.

High tallies 26 rivers here. Hvergelmir is mentioned a final time in the Prose Edda where Third discusses the unpleasantries of Náströnd. Third notes that Hvergelmir yet worse than the venom-filled Náströnd because—by way of quoting a portion of a stanza from the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá—"There Nidhogg torments the bodies of the dead"


The bufflehead is a small sea duck of the genus Bucephala, the goldeneyes. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 as Anas albeola; the genus name is derived from Ancient Greek boukephalos, "bullheaded", from bous, "bull " and kephale, "head", a reference to the oddly bulbous head shape of the species. The species name albeola is from Latin albus, "white"; the English name is a combination of head, again referring to the head shape. This is most noticeable when the male puffs out the feathers on the head, thus increasing the apparent size of the head; the bufflehead ranges from 32–40 cm long and weighs 270–550 g, with the drakes larger than the females. Averaging 35.5 cm and 370 g, it rivals the green-winged teal as the smallest American duck. Adult males are striking black and white, with iridescent green and purple heads and a large white patch behind the eye. Females are grey-toned with a smaller white patch behind a light underside, they are migratory and most of them winter in protected coastal waters, or open inland waters, on the east and west coasts of North America and the southern United States.

The bufflehead is an rare vagrant to western Europe. Their breeding habitat is wooded lakes and ponds in Alaska and Canada entirely included in the boreal forest or taiga habitat. Buffleheads have evolved their small size to fit the nesting cavity of their "metabiotic" host, a woodpecker, the northern flicker. Due to their small size, they are active, undertaking dives continuously while sustained by their high metabolism, they do not tend to collect in large flocks. One duck serves as a sentry, watching for predators as the others in the group dive in search of food. Buffleheads are amongst the last waterfowl to leave their breeding grounds and one of the world's most punctual migrants, arriving on their wintering grounds within a narrow margin of time. Buffleheads are monogamous, the females return to the same breeding site, year after year, they nest in cavities in trees aspens or poplars, using old flicker nests, close to water. Nest competitors include mountain bluebird, tree swallow, European starling.

There was one recorded instance of a female Barrow's goldeneye killing a bufflehead adult female and her brood. Smaller cavities are preferred because of less competition with the larger goldeneyes. Females may be killed on the nest by mammals, such as weasels or mink, by goldeneyes over nest competition. Average clutch size is nine, eggs average 50.5 by 36.3 mm. Incubation averages 30 days, nest success is high compared to ground-nesting species like the teal. A day after the last duckling hatches, the brood leaps from the nest cavity; the young fledge at 50–55 days of age. Predators of adults include the peregrine falcon, snowy owl, bald eagle, golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, great horned owl, Eurasian eagle owl, Cooper's hawk; these diving birds forage underwater. They prefer water depths of 1.2–4.5 m. In freshwater habitats, they eat insects, in saltwater, they feed predominantly on crustaceans and mollusks. Aquatic plants and fish eggs can become locally important food items, as well; because of their striking plumage active nature, proximity to humans on waterfront properties, buffleheads are one of the most popular birds amongst bird watchers.

The bufflehead known as the spirit duck, was added to the coat of arms of the town of Sidney, British Columbia, in 1995. Buffleheads are hunted and are considered a gamebird. In contrast to many other seaducks that have declined in recent decades, bufflehead numbers have remained constant. Habitat degradation is the major threat to this bird, since they depend on limited coastal habitat on their wintering grounds, specific habitat in their boreal breeding grounds. Although buffleheads do use man-made nest boxes, they still need the forest habitat to thrive. Bufflehead at Birds of North America Online BirdWeb. Org: Bufflehead Bufflehead at Boreal Birds Buffleheads in Winter Birdnote Archives, KPLU, 7 Dec 2009. Bufflehead Species Account – Cornell Lab of Ornithology Bufflehead - Bucephala albeola - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter "Bufflehead media". Internet Bird Collection. Bufflehead photo gallery at VIREO Interactive range map of Bucephala albeola at IUCN Red List maps

Jim McKrell

James MacKrell is an American television personality, best known for emceeing television game shows such as Celebrity Sweepstakes and The Game Game. He was born in Arkansas. Published variations of his name include Jim McKrell and James McKrell. Jim McKrell's broadcast career has spanned five decades and has included every aspect of communications from local and network commercials to hosting specials to guest starring in popular series and features. McKrell was the star of the hit NBC game show Celebrity Sweepstakes, he hosted The Game Game, Quiz Kids, plus several unsold game show pilots. He was the announcer of the game shows Sweethearts in 1988 and Couch Potatoes in 1989. McKrell's career has taken him to all areas of television and movies, his theatrical credits include such memorable films as Woody Allen's Annie Hall, Albert Brooks' Defending Your Life Semi-Tough, Teen Wolf with Michael J. Fox and Harry's War. McKrell played TV news reporter Lew Landers in two movies directed by Joe Dante, The Howling and Gremlins, has had guest starring roles on television in Dallas, Soap and The Golden Girls among over 40 others.

His made-for-TV movies include Christmas Miracle in Caufield, U. S. A. Walk Don't A Reason to Live. McKrell was a regular on General Hospital, Capitol and Days of Our Lives; as a performer/writer/producer, McKrell has made advertising a major focal point of his career. He has been corporate spokesman for giants such as Disney, he has starred in spots for household names such as Whirlpool, Fiber Con, Goodyear, Oster, Radio Shack and more. He has appeared as a spokesman for industrial and corporate films for Toyota, Xerox, Coca-Cola, others. For 14 years, McKrell was the corporate host for the National Easter Seals Telethon, he wrote and produced several projects for ACTA Communications in Chicago, he has done a good share of television informercials. A veteran of radio, his credits include some of the top radio stations in the nation including KMPC and KFI Los Angeles, WMEX in Boston, WNOE in New Orleans, KBOX in Dallas, KXOL in Fort Worth, WFUN Miami. In recent years, he hosted a top rated talk show in Houston, Texas on KKTL, was a news anchor at KHTV Channel 39 in Houston.

Jim's father, James "Mac" MacKrell, Sr. was a radio personality on KCUL radio station in Fort Worth, Texas. While McKrell continues to take on voiceover projects, he is retired and lives near Conroe, Texas, he is still active and plays tennis daily. MacKrell published his first fictional novel, Down from the Mountain: the Story of Bandit and the Wolf. According to press releases, "It is an action-packed novel as far sweeping as the big skies of Montana, where it all takes place. Jim MacKrell salutes the resolve of the American rancher and the animals that work ‘loyally’ alongside to provide the essence of our rural way of life." McKrell and his wife Cathy have four children together. Jim McKrell on IMDb Official website of Down from the Mountain: the Story of Bandit and the Wolf History of KBOX Radio in Dallas

Buddha Air Flight 103

On 25 September 2011, Buddha Air Flight 103, a Beechcraft 1900D commuter aircraft, crashed near Lalitpur, while attempting to land in poor weather at nearby Kathmandu Airport. All 19 passengers and crew on board were killed; the aircraft, operated by Buddha Air, was on a sightseeing flight to Mount Everest. The aircraft was a 19-seat Beechcraft 1900D twin-engine turboprop airliner. Initial investigations revealed that the aircraft was being operated under VFR. Air traffic controllers and members of the investigation team claim the reason for the crash was pilot error; the sixteen passengers included ten Indian nationals, one Japanese, two Americans and three Nepalese. All but one of the passengers and the three crew died at the scene of the accident. Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network Buddha Air

Fever (Black Milk album)

Fever is the seventh studio album by Black Milk, released on February 22, 2018 on Mass Appeal Records. Black Milk went on tour to support the album in April 2018 with dates in Europe and the United States; the lead single from the album was "Laugh Now Cry Later". Pitchfork described the sound as "something like P-Funk meets the Ummah". 303 Magazine said the album was "so engrossing that it induces a thrill to speak its fresh tracks." Giving it 4/5 stars, the Guardian said "the vibe is gorgeous, featuring guttural but lithe bass and airy whispers of beats". The Detroit Free Press said that it's a "purposeful, progressive leap forward"; the Washington Post described it as "pushing the envelope". The 405 suggested that the album was making an early claim for the best hip-hop album of the year. Detroit's Metro Times described Fever as "a diverse array of songs full of Hendrix soul and George Clinton funk". PopMatters said that for this album Black Milk "explores a spectrum of influences that includes jazz and electronica to produce a shifting-sand of styles that defy the genre trappings that have ensnared lesser hip-hop act".

All tracks are written by Black Milk

Unusual Suspects (The X-Files)

"Unusual Suspects" is the third episode of the fifth season of the American science fiction television series The X-Files. It was written by Vince Gilligan and directed by Kim Manners and aired in the United States on November 16, 1997 on the Fox network; the episode earned a Nielsen household rating of 13.0, being watched by 21.72 million people in its initial broadcast. The episode received mixed to moderately positive reviews from critics; the show centers on FBI special agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully who work on cases linked to the paranormal, called X-Files. "Unusual Suspects", functions as a flashback episode: in 1989, two salesmen and a federal employee join forces when they meet Susanne Modeski, a woman who claims that she is being pursued by her violent ex-boyfriend, an FBI agent named Fox Mulder. A sequel to the episode was filmed during the series' sixth season, entitled "Three of a Kind"; the concept for having an episode dedicated to The Lone Gunmen arose when the show's producers were forced to start production of the fifth season in the last week of August in Vancouver, but still needed series stars David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson for the filming of The X-Files movie in Los Angeles.

Writing duties fell to Vince Gilligan, who drafted a story about nanotechnology, before changing to the origins of The Lone Gunmen on behest of series creator Chris Carter. In addition, "Unusual Suspects" served as a cross-over with the NBC series Homicide: Life on the Street, featuring Richard Belzer's Detective John Munch character. Gillian Anderson as main character FBI Special Agent Dana Scully is absent in the episode; the episode opens in medias res in 1989. Inside, they find a naked and disoriented Fox Mulder in a box, shouting, "They're here!" Three men are captured. As they sit in a city jail, they begin blaming each other for the predicament they have found themselves in. Detective John Munch interrogates John Fitzgerald Byers. In the flashback, Byers, a public affairs officer for the FCC, attends a computer and electronics convention. There, he follows a beautiful woman; when Byers bumps into the woman, she introduces herself as Holly and claims that her daughter had been kidnapped by her ex-boyfriend, in the Baltimore area.

Holly possesses a piece of paper with "ARPANET/WHTCORPS" written on it. Byers realizes that the words refer to the Defense Department's computer network, which she requests he hack into. Byers, at the time an unquestioningly loyal government employee, complies after great reluctance, he finds an encrypted file on her daughter, named Susanne Modeski. Just a man whom Holly claims to be her boyfriend passes by Byers' booth—Mulder. Byers and Holly recruit Frohike to help them decipher the file. Both Byers and Frohike decide to assault Mulder, but they decide not to when he introduces himself as an FBI agent. Returning to his booth, Byers finds his FCC colleague being arrested for the hacking. Frohike convinces Byers not to turn himself in, recruits Langly to help them hack into the FBI database to learn more about Holly, they discover that "Holly" is Susanne Modeski, wanted for acts of murder and terrorism at a weapons facility in New Mexico. Susanne admits her deception but claims that she was scapegoated for trying to leave her job at the weapons facility.

There, she had been working on an aerosolized gas that causes paranoia and anxiety. Susanne claims. After deciphering the file, the Lone Gunmen find that she was telling the truth, learning the location of the gas. Susanne finds evidence that she had a tracking device put in a tooth, which she pulls out; the four of them head to the warehouse. Mulder arrives to arrest them, but two dark-suited men come to take Susanne, they fire at Mulder, exposing him to the gas. The exposure causes Mulder to strip naked, hide in the box, hallucinate about seeing aliens in the warehouse. Susanne shoots the escapes. More men arrive, led by X, who intimidates the Lone Gunmen. Byers confronts X, asking him about his actions and mentioning the supposed cover-up of the John F. Kennedy assassination. X's unconvincing denial—"I heard it was a lone gunman"—becomes the origin of the trio's name. X leaves, just as the police arrest the Lone Gunmen. In the present, Detective Munch does not believe Byers' story, but it is soon corroborated by Mulder.

After the Lone Gunmen are released, they encounter Susanne after she has failed to get the press to believe her story. Susanne is captured by X, who leers at the Lone Gunmen as he departs with her; the three of them meet Mulder in the convention center and explain what happened to him. The idea for "Unusual Suspects" arose when the show's producers were faced with a dilemma in August 1997: Fox demanded that they begin production on the fifth season of the show, but series co-stars David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson were still working on The X-Files movie in Los Angeles, would be unavailable until the start of the next month. To solve this problem, the producers decided to write an episode focusing on The Lone Gunmen. Staff writer Vince Gilligan was assigned to pen the episode, he drafted a story involving nanotechnology, w