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Hybe and the Western Tatras
|Elevation||690 m (2,264 ft)|
|Area||52.866 km2 (20.41 sq mi)|
|Population||1,567 (31 December 2007)|
|Density||30/km2 (78/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||032 31|
Names and etymology
The name is of Slavic (Slovak) origin with uncertain etymology. It probably derives from the stem -gyb/-hyb. Proto-Slavic gybij, gybkij, gybaja, gybica, Slovak hybký - unstable, flexible, the stem is present also in words like ohyb - bending, pohyb - movement, etc. The name may refers to the character of the river Hybica.
The village of Hybe was first mentioned in historical records in 1239 (villa Hyba). The village was founded around the end of the 12th century, as a Slovak settlement. In 1230 the village was owned by Hauk, Polk and Beuch from Uhorská Ves. In 1239, King Béla IV of Hungary took it from them and associated it with the royal property. In 1396, Hybe gives from monarch market liberties and toll free. In the 1. half of 13th century move in German Sasses (probably from neighbor Spiš).
In 1265 Hybe purchase city privileges like mining city - in the 13th century the citizens trying mine a gold on the root of the mountain Kriváň. On sign of village is digger and hoe, which has remained unchanged to today. Mining was too useless because of poory gold lode and because of high expenses in hard terrain. Part of gold miners went to Bocianska dolina.
In 1390 Hybe became the property of Liptov District Administrator and become villein small town of domination in Liptovský Hrádok. Between 14th and 15th centuries mining retreated farming and crafts.
Despite of villein ratio to Liptovský Hrádok, Hybe was important farming and culture center of top part of Liptov from the end of the 19th century to 1st half of the 20th century. Above 20 kinds of crafts were in the village but the most widespread was builders, which became famous specialists at building of City of Budapest.
Socially important infrastructure in the village represent: infant school, elementary school, palace of culture, Evangelic church, Roman Catholic Church, house of Dobroslav Chrobák and library. Both churches, memorable house of Dobroslav Chrobák, memorable house of poet Jakub Grajchman, grave of Jakub Grajchman with gravestone, memorable house of Alojz Štróbl are inhere in the Central list ancient monument foundation of Slovak Republic, on the list: Culture monuments. Entire center of village is promulgated for national culture treasure. On the present is on the village created strong sports background, local sportsmen get awards in the slovak competitions, primarily in the cross-country skiing. Hybe has very good conditions for winter sports, cyclo-tourism, tourism in Hybe gully or into mineral springs and for mushrooms. There is situated ski lift and certified racing track. In village is volunteer fireman brigade.
Local school visit kids from surrounding villages (Vyšná Boca, Nižná Boca, Kráľova Lehota, Malužiná). School has good equipped Computer class within of program Infovek, on Hybe's school is a lot of activities like table tennis, badminton, football and in winter hockey.
Today's citizens of Hybe take pride in their cultural history, on men of the day, which came from Hybe and prove competent in a number of areas social and cultural life of Slovak Republic. These include: writers Jakub Grajchman and Dobroslav Chrobák, writer and screenwriter Peter Jaroš, historian and writer Rudo Brtáň, poet Július Lenko, actors Ivan Rajniak, Ondrej Jariabek, Teodor Piovarči, Slavo Záhradník, director Ondrej Rajniak, director of amateur theatre Ruzena Jariabeková, academic painter Pavol Michalides, architects Ján Svetlík, Jozef Chrobák, Vladimir Chrobák, Ján Mlynár and many others.
The municipality lies at an altitude of 690 metres and covers an area of 52.866 km². It has a population of about 1600 people. It lies in north part of Slovak Republic. It is situated in Liptov fold between High Tatras and Low Tatras, in valley of Hybica and White Váh.
Hybe in cinematography
Thanks to the works of the writer Peter Jaroš, Hybe has been depicted in Slovak cinematography.
Pacho the Brigand of Hybe (1975)
The Millennial Bee (1983)
The saga about builder lineage of Pichandovci (by novel of Peter Jaroš), which is located in small village in years 1887–1917. This movie belongs between the best movie of central Europe. On movie works several important people from social and cultural life after 1968. Director Juraj Jakubisko, Screenwriter Peter Jaroš, Music - Petr Hapka and famous Slovak actors Michal Dočolomanský (as Valent Pichanda), Štefan Kvietik (as Samo Pichanda), Pavol Mikulík (as Julo Mitron) and the best slovak actor Academy Award winner (for The Shop on Main Street) Jozef Króner (as Martin Pichanda). The main part of movie was filmed in Hybe and supernumeraries are real citizens of Hybe.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hybe.|
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1675-1923 (parish A)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1731-1895 (parish A)
- Varsik, Branislav (1984). Z osídlenia západného a stredného Slovenska v stredoveku (in Slovak). Bratislava: Veda, vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied. pp. 212–214.