Henry B. Plant
Henry Bradley Plant, was a businessman, investor involved with many transportation interests and projects railroads, in the southeastern United States. He was born in October, 1819, at Branford and entered the railroad service in 1844, serving as express messenger on the Hartford and New Haven Railroad until 1853, during which time he had entire charge of the express business of that road, he went south in 1853 and established express lines on various southern railways, in 1861 organized the Southern Express Co. and became its president. In 1879 he purchased, with others, the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad of Georgia, reorganized the Savannah and Western Railroad, of which he became president, he purchased and rebuilt, in 1880, the Savannah and Charleston Railroad, now Charleston and Savannah. Not long after this he organized the Plant Investment Co. to control these railroads and advance their interests and established a steamboat line on the St. John's river, in Florida. From 1853 until 1860 he was general superintendent of the southern division of the Adams Express Co. and in 1867 became president of the Texas Express Co.
In the 1880s, most of his accumulated railroad and steamship lines were combined into the Plant System, which became part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Plant is known for connecting the isolated Tampa Bay area and southwest Florida to the nation's railroad system and establishing regular steamship service between Tampa and Key West, helping to spark tremendous population and economic growth in the region. To promote passenger traffic, Plant built the large Tampa Bay Hotel resort along his rail line through Tampa and several smaller hotels further south, starting the area's tourist industry, his semi-friendly rival, Henry Flagler sparked growth along Florida's opposite coast by building the Florida East Coast Railroad along with several resorts along its route. Henry Bradley Plant was founder of the Plant System of steamboats, he was born in Branford, Conn. the son of Betsey and Anderson Plant, a farmer in good circumstances. He was the descendant of John Plant who emigrated from England and settled at Hartford, Conn. about 1639.
When the boy was six, his father and younger sister died of typhus. Several years his mother married again and took him to live first at Martinsburg, N. Y. and at New Haven, Conn. where he attended a private school. His grandmother, Betsy Plant, who hoped to make a clergyman of him, offered him an education at Yale College, impatient to begin an active career, he got a job as captain's boy, deck hand, man-of-all-work on a steamboat, The New York, plying between New Haven and New York City. Among his various duties was the care of express parcels; this line of business, hitherto neglected, he organized effectively. After marrying Ellen Blackstone in 1843, Plant decided to stay ashore and took a position with Beecher and Company, an express company located in New Haven, taken over by the Adams Express Company. Plant was transferred from steamboats to railroads. After a few years he was put in charge of the old York office of the company. In 1853 his wife, Ellen Elizabeth Plant was ordered South for her health.
After a journey of eight days, the Plants arrived in Jacksonville in March and spent several months at a private home near Jacksonville a tiny hamlet. Plant was impressed with the possibilities of the future development of Florida; the next year, after it became necessary for his wife to again travel south for her health, he requested and obtained the responsibility for all Adams Express Company's interests in the territory south of the Potomac and Ohio rivers. In the face of great difficulties, he organized and extended express service across this region, where transportation facilities, although growing, were still deficient and uncoordinated. At the approach of the Civil War the directors of Adams Express, fearing the confiscation of their Southern properties, decided to sell them to Plant for his promissory note of $500,000. With Southern stockholders of the company he organized in 1861 the Southern Express Company, a Georgia corporation, named himself president; because he had built a reputation for providing reliable and efficient express service, President Davis's cabinet made Plant's company the agent for the Confederacy in collecting tariffs and transferring funds.
In 1863, claiming a serious illness, he left his home in Augusta with a safe passage document signed by Jefferson Davis and sailed to Bermuda. After spending a month there, he traveled to Canada and England; when in France, he was informed. After some discussion with French authorities, an unusual resolution was reached as he was issued a French passport declaring him a U. S. citizen residing in Georgia which allowed him to travel extensively across Europe and re-enter the United States when he returned to New York by way of Canada. After the war, Plant returned to the South in February, 1865 to reclaim his business interests the Southern Express; the railroads of the South had been ruined and many railroads went bankrupt in the depression of 1873. In this situation, he found his opportunity. Convinced of the eventual economic revival of the South, he bought at foreclosure sales in 1879 and 1880 the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad and the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. With these as a nucleus he began building along the southern Atlantic seaboard a transportation system that twenty years included fourteen railway companies with 2,100 miles of track, several steamship lines, a number of important hotel
Hillsborough River (Florida)
The Hillsborough River is a river located in the state of Florida in the United States. It arises in the Green Swamp near the juncture of Hillsborough and Polk counties, flows 60 miles through Pasco and Hillsborough Counties to an outlet in the city of Tampa on Tampa Bay, it includes 4 nature trails extending for over seven miles. The name Hillsborough River first appeared on a British map in 1769. At the time, the Earl of Hillsborough was the British Secretary of State for the Colonies, thus controlled the pensions of the surveyors working in the American colonies, which included East Florida. Geological data suggests. Humans first made their way to this area 12,000 - 15,000 years ago. In the late 18th century the watershed of the Hillsborough River was a land covered by a rich, old growth forest. Majestic bald cypress, longleaf pine, sand live oak were hundreds of years old. In the mid to late 19th century to about 1913 the watershed of this old growth forest began to be logged; as a result of this lumbering activity, most of the trees within the Hillsborough River basin are now less than one hundred years in age.
The harvesting of the old growth trees altered the ecosystems. Trees such as water ash and water locust were able to grow in the sun-lit spaces created when bigger trees were removed; the riverine swamp forest as it exists today has a much different ecology than the ecosystem that had existed along the Hillsborough for the previous ten to fifteen thousand years. Tocobaga Native American culture. Pánfilo de Narváez, a Spanish explorer, lands near Tampa Bay, he and the four hundred men with him find the Tocobaga culture established in the area. Hernando de Soto, another Spaniard, comes to Tampa Bay and lands at what was the Hillsborough River. By the early 18th century the Tocobaga people, through slavery, are nearly exterminated. A survey of the Hillsborough River is done by Don Francisco Maria Celi, pilot of the Spanish Royal Fleet, he ventures up to the Temple Terrace area in search of longleaf pine to use as masts for his ships. He names the pine forest of the area "El Pinal de la Cruz de Santa Teresa" or "The Pines of the Cross of Saint Teresa".
There is a plaque commemorating his exploration at Riverhills Park in Temple Terrace. A map drawn and sent to the Earl of Hillsborough, English Governor of West Florida, shows the river named as the Hillsborough. During the mid and late 18th century, Native Americans from the north Creek, begin to migrate to Florida; these immigrants become known as Seminoles. Florida becomes a United States territory. Construction of Fort Brooke begins at the mouth of the Hillsborough River; the Fort King Military Road is built to connect Fort King in Ocala with Fort Brooke in what was the settlement of Tampa. A bridge is built to cross the Hillsborough. Congress passes the Indian Removal Act; the American government begins efforts to remove the Seminole from Tampa Bay and relocate them to a reservation west of the Mississippi. Tensions between Seminole and Americans continue. Seminoles burn the bridge at the Fort King Road’s river crossing. Conflict continues. Fort Foster is established at the Hillsborough River crossing to protect this strategically advantageous position.
The Armed Occupation Act promises one hundred 60 acres of land to any man who can bear arms, build a house and cultivate 5 acres for five years. The Jean Street Shipyard is founded on the Hillsborough River in what will be the neighborhood of Seminole Heights; the first ferry crossing on the Hillsborough River is established. This widens the growth of Tampa to both sides of the river. During the American Civil War, Tampa Bay is blockaded by federal troops to prevent goods from leaving Tampa or from coming into Tampa. Federal troops march upriver to a location near the present day site of Lowry Park Zoo. There they discover a blockade-running sloop loaded with cotton; the ships are burned. The skirmish that follows is the only Civil War action on the Hillsborough River; the Tampa Bay Hotel, now the Henry B. Plant Museum, opens with a grand ball. At a cost of $150,000 an electrical dam is built on the river by Consumers Electric Light and Street Railway Company; the dam was located halfway between present-day 40th Street and 56th Street on the Hillsborough River On December 13, 1898 the dam is dynamited by cattle barons angry at the loss of grazing land.
They tried three times. The first on January 8, 1897,shortly after construction was completed; when the water is low, remnants of the dynamited dam can be seen. TECO buys the Consumers Electric Light and Street Railway Company and builds a new electric generating dam downstream of the current site north of Sulphur Springs. Tampa's first water plant is built by the private Tampa Waterworks Company, it pumped well water to supply the City of Tampa until March 6, 1923, when the people voted to purchase the Waterworks plant. The Sulphur Springs property is open to the public. Hillsborough Bay is channelized to the mouth of the Hillsborough River with the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899. Up to 1913 the Hillsborough River watershed is logged for its valuable cypress, longleaf pine and oak. Bertha Potter Palmer completes purchases of 19,000 acres border
Davis Islands (Tampa)
Davis Islands is a Tampa neighborhood and archipelago on two islands in Hillsborough County, Florida. Its proximity to Downtown Tampa and its views of the Port of Tampa have made it a popular area to live; the area's population was 5,474 at the 2010 census. Davis Island is home to Peter O. Knight Airport and Davis Island Yacht Club. On the Islands are the Marjorie Park Municipal Yacht Basin & Marjorie Park at 115 Columbia Drive and the Seaplane Basin just South of the Airport. Marjorie Park was donated to the City of Tampa and named by Davis after his wife Marjorie Merritt Davis. With a canal separating a portion of the island from the rest of it, Davis Islands is technically an archipelago, hence the plural form "Islands" in its name. Davis Islands consisted of three islands. With the construction of the airport, the end of one canal was filled in to make enough land area for a runway, connecting the two largest islands at their southern ends and reducing the archipelago's island count to two.
Nearly all streets on the island are named after bodies of water or islands. They are loosely arranged in alphabetical order, beginning with Adalia Avenue and ending with Severn Avenue, the street farthest away from the bridge that leads to the main island's southernmost point, on which the Davis Island Yacht Club is situated. There are no traffic lights on Davis Islands. Davis Island was built upon two man-made islands atop two small natural islands known as "Little Grassy Key" and "Big Grassy Key" at the mouth of the Hillsborough River; the islands were built from mud expanded. This dredge-and-fill operation was undertaken at the height of the Florida Land Boom by developer and Tampa native D. P. Davis. Davis purchased all the dredged land for $350,000, he planned a resort community with three hotels, nine-hole golf course and swimming pool. D. P. Davis sold 306 of the original lots for $1,683,582; the development stalled when the Florida land boom of the early 1920s wound down, Davis was mysteriously lost at sea while making a transatlantic voyage in October 1926.
Many of the original Mediterranean-style structures are still standing and have received national Historic Designation, as well as local protections. Buildings of note include the Palace of Mirasol. Today Davis Island is a mix of retail areas. Most predominant today is an eclectic mix of architectural styles because of the slowdown in development in the 1930s. East Davis Boulevard is the commercial area of the neighborhood. Along several blocks there are restaurants, cafes and shops in a tranquil sidewalk setting; the area is very pet-friendly due to the pedestrian nature of the island. The Davis Islands Trail linear park was completed in 2010, with amenities such as benches and water fountains; the 10-foot-wide asphalt trail is 1.3 miles and runs from Channel Drive and Davis Boulevard to the parking lot at Peter O. Knight Airport. In 2014, the Roy Jenkins Pool reopened after a $2.5 million renovation. The 85-year-old building at 154 Columbia Drive has two pools, one with five swim lanes extending 75 feet and the other kiddie-sized.
Other sports facilities include the Sandra W. Freedman Tennis Complex and an array of softball fields at Davis Islands Park. Derek Jeter built a 30,875-square-foot, seven-bedroom, nine-bathroom waterfront home in the vicinity, drawing comparisons to an aircraft carrier; the home is the largest home in the Tampa area. Other notable neighborhood residents include former NFL player Brad Culpepper, former Tampa Bay Lightning captain Vincent Lecavalier, current Lightning players Steven Stamkos and Victor Hedman, Tampa mayor Bob Buckhorn. Source: Hillsborough County Atlas As of the census of 2010, there were 5,747 people and 2,577 households residing in the neighborhood; the population density was 4,029/mi². The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 93% White, 2% African American, less than 1% Native American, 3% Asian, 1% from other races, 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11% of the population. There were 2,577 households out of which 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, 8% were non-families.
39% of all households were made up of individuals. In the neighborhood the population was spread out with 21% under the age of 18, 17% from 18 to 34, 23% from 35 to 49, 24% from 50 to 64, 15% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. The per capita income for the neighborhood was $48,870. About 3% of the population were below the poverty line. List of Mediterranean Revival Style Buildings of Davis Islands Tampa General Hospital Peter O. Knight Airport Tampa Bay Davis Islands Civic Association Davis Island Yacht Club Historic Tour of Davis Islands Google Maps and Aerial Images Harbour Island Downtown Tampa Hyde Park
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district. A municipal utility district is a special-purpose district or other jurisdiction that provides services to district residents. Local residents may vote to establish a municipal utility district, represented by a board of directors elected by constituents; as governmental bodies, they are nonprofit. In the US, public utility districts have similar functions to Municipal utility districts, but are created by a local government body such as a city or county, have no authority to levy taxes, they provide public utilities to the residents of that district. PUDs are created by a local government body, such as county, or metropolitan service area; the districts are non-profit. PUDs are governed by a commission, which may be appointed or elected.
In Afghanistan, a district is a subdivision of a province. There are 400 districts in the country. Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were used in several states as cadastral units for land titles; some were used as squatting districts. New South Wales had several different types of districts used in the 21st century. In Austria, the word Bezirk is used with different meanings in three different contexts: Some of the tasks of the administrative branch of the national and regional governments are fulfilled by the 95 district administrative offices; the area a district administrative office is responsible for is although informally, called a district. A number of statutory cities 15, are not served by any district administrative office, their respective municipal bureaucracies handle the tasks performed by the district administrative office. The cities of Vienna and Graz are divided into municipal districts, assisting the respective municipal governments. In Vienna, the constituents of each district elect a district council.
Although the city vests its districts with a limited amount of budgetary autonomy, district councils and chairpersons have little real responsibility. In particular, they do not legislate. Most of the districts of Vienna were independent municipalities at some point. From the point of view of the judiciary of Austria, the country is subdivided into 115 judicial districts, each corresponding to one of the country's 115 lowest-level trial courts. Bangladeshi districts are local administrative units. In all, there are 64 districts in Bangladesh. There were 21 greater districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the government made all these subdivisions into districts; each district has several sub districts called Upazila in Bengali. In Belgian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities with elected councils may be created; as such, only Antwerp, having over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts.
The Belgian arrondissements, an administrative level between province and municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English sometimes called districts as well. Bhutanese districts are local administrative units consisting of village blocks called gewog; some have subdistricts called dungkhag. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing administrative unit. Brčko District in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally part of both the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the Assembly of the Brčko District has 29 seats. Brazilian municipalities are subdivided into districts. Small municipalities have only one urban district, which contains the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where the municipality's prefeitura and câmara de vereadores are located; the rural districts and groups of urban districts may present a sub local Executive body, named subprefeitura. A district is known locally as daerah and it is the first-level administrative division of Brunei.
There are four districts in the country, namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong and Temburong. Each district is administered by a Jabatan Daerah, headed by a Pegawai Daerah. All district offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs. In Alberta, the municipal districts and improvement districts are types of rural municipalities, they are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada, which form parts of census divisions. In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of administrative districts by that name; the usual usage is a reference to district municipalities, which are a class of municipality in the same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g. "District of Mission" or "District of Wells", though some are styled, e.g. "Corporation of Delta" or "Township of Langley". Within the area of municipal powers, regional districts – which
Neighborhood Electric Vehicle
A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle is a U. S. denomination for battery electric vehicles that are built to have a top speed of 25 miles per hour, have a maximum loaded weight of 3,000 lb. Depending on the particular laws of the state, they are limited to roads with posted speed limits of 45 miles per hour or less. NEVs fall under the United States Department of Transportation classification for low-speed vehicles; the non-electric version of the neighborhood electric vehicle is the motorised quadricycle. A NEV battery pack recharges by plugging into a standard outlet and because it is an all-electric vehicle it does not produce tailpipe emissions. If recharged from clean energy sources such as solar or wind power, NEVs do not produce greenhouse gas emissions. In the state of California NEVs are classified by the California Air Resources Board as zero-emissions vehicles and are eligible for a purchase rebate of up to $1,500 if purchased or leased on or after March 15, 2010; as of June 2014, the GEM neighborhood electric vehicle was the market leader in North America, with global sales of more than 50,000 units since 1998.
Another top selling NEV is the Renault Twizy, launched in March 2012, it was the top-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during 2012, the heavy quadricycle has sold 22,000 units through December 2018. Sales of low-speed small electric cars experienced considerable growth in China between 2012 and 2015 due to their affordability and flexibility. A total of 200,000 low-speed small electric cars were sold in China in 2013, most of which are powered by lead-acid batteries. In 2015, sales rose to 750,000 units, to 1.2 million in 2016. As of December 2016, the stock of LSEVs was estimated to be between 3 4 million units. About 1.4 million low-speed electric vehicles were sold in 2018. Low-speed vehicle is a federally approved street-legal vehicle classification which came into existence in 1998 under Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 500. There is nothing in the federal regulations pertaining to the powertrain. Low-speed vehicles are defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 3,000 pounds and a top speed of between 20 to 25 mph.
Those states that authorize NEVs restrict their operation to streets with a maximum speed limit of 35 or 45 mph. Because of federal law, car dealers cannot sell the vehicles to go faster than 25 mph, but the buyer can modify the car to go 35 mph. However, if modified to exceed 25 mph, the vehicle becomes subject to safety requirements of passenger cars; these speed restrictions, combined with a typical driving range of 30 miles per charge and a typical three-year battery durability, are required because of a lack of federally mandated safety equipment and features which NEVs can not accommodate because of their design. To satisfy federal safety requirements for manufacturers, NEVs must be equipped with three-point seat belts or a lap belt, running lights, brake lights, rear view mirrors, turn signals. Windshield wipers are not required. In many cases, doors may be optional, crash protection from other vehicles is met compared to other non motorized transport such as bicycles because of the use of seat belts.
Regulations for operating an NEV vary by state. The federal government allows state and local governments to add additional safety requirements beyond those of Title 49 Part 571.500. For instance, the State of New York requires additional safety equipment to include windshield wipers, window defroster, odometer and a back-up light, they must be titled and registered, the driver must be licensed. Because airbags are not required the NEV cannot travel on highways or freeways. NEVs in many states are restricted to roads with a speed limit of less; as of February 2012, NEVs are street-legal in 46 states. Some communities are designed to separate neighborhoods from commercial and other areas, connecting them with high speed thoroughfares on which NEVs cannot go or safely; as a result, these vehicles are most common in communities that provide separate routes for them or accommodate slow speed traffic. Communities designed with NEVs and sized vehicles in mind include: Celebration, Florida The Villages and Lady Lake, Florida Peachtree City, Georgia Avalon, CaliforniaOther cities and communities that have adopted NEV-friendly ordinances or have experienced a significant increase of them and street-legal golf cars since 1990 include: Alameda, California Put-in-Bay, Ohio Venice Beach, Los Angeles, California Lincoln, California Palm Desert, California Sun City, Arizona Charleston, South Carolina Myrtle Beach, South Carolina Coronado, California Dunedin, Florida US and EuropeAs of July 2006, there were between 60,000 and 76,000 low-speed battery-powered vehicles in use in the United States, up from about 56,000 in 2004.
Pike Research estimated there were 478,771 NEVs on the world roads in 2011. The two largest NEV markets in 2011 were the United States, with 14,737 units sold, France, with 2,231 units; the different variants of the REVAi, available in 26 countries, sold about 4,600 vehicles worldwide by late 2013, with India and the UK as the main markets. As of October 2015, the GEM neighborhood electric vehicle was the market leader in North America, with global sales of more than 50,000 units since 1998. Another top selling NEV is the Renault Twizy heavy quadricycle, launched in March 2012, with global sales of 15,000 units through April 2015; the Twizy was the top-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Eur
Seminole Heights is a historic neighborhood and district located in central Tampa. It includes historic buildings, it was an early residential area of Tampa connected by streetcar. The area had an economic downturn in the late 20th century marked by increased crime, but has since seen a resurgence with new restaurants, brew pubs and independent businesses opening up; the neighborhood's historic homes, eclectic shops and gourmet restaurants are an increasing draw. As of the 2000 census, the district had a population of 24,567. Seminole Heights is known for its historic craftsman style bungalows from the early 20th century. Many buildings in the neighborhood existed in the early 1900s, including the Seminole Heights Methodist Church, Seminole Heights Elementary School, Broward Elementary, Hillsborough High School, St. Paul's Lutheran Church; the Seminole Heights Garden Center, a neighborhood park, is used for community events such as art festivals and picnics. Seminole Heights has the longest stretch of Riverfront parkland in the city of Tampa.
Rivercrest and several pocket parks provide access to the Hillsborough River. In recent years Seminole Heights has experienced a decrease in crime; the area is popular among young professionals and their families who are seeking an alternative to master planned communities. The area contains two designated historical districts including Hampton Terrace. In 2003, Southeast Seminole Heights was named Best Neighborhood in America by NUSA. In July 2009, This Old House magazine ranked Seminole Heights among the best places to buy an old house for: families, green thumbs and bungalows, single women homebuyers, porch sitters and the south. Overall, Seminole Heights was in the top eight of editors picks; the district has become known as a dining destination. Notable restaurant/ bars include the two-time James Beard Award nominee The Refinery, the Independent Bar & Cafe', Ella's Americana Folk Art Cafe. In 2014, Seminole Heights made international headlines when a "local naturalist" sent a picture of a two headed alligator to a local newspaper, who ran the image as its cover story.
It was captured by local trappers and taxidermied for display at Ella's Folkart Cafe. The authenticity of the creature has come under question. Since the story in 2014, it has been the subject of art murals, tee-shirts and other ephemera related to the neighborhood. In 2016, the creature made news again when the community art project, Urban Art Attack, funded the building of a two headed alligator statue on Nebraska Ave. Seminole Heights was born in 1911. T. Roy Young had 40 acres to develop Tampa's first suburb three miles north of downtown, he called it Seminole Heights. Ten years earlier Tampa's population had reached 26,000. A trolley line connected Sulphur Springs to downtown making travel to the suburbs possible and inviting; the streetcar made it possible to live in one area of work in another. Young recognized this potential, his Seminole Development Corporation property encompassed a rectangle bordered by Hillsborough Avenue, Central Avenue, Wilder Avenue and Florida Avenue. The houses built here were bungalow, oriented east-to-west and started at $5,000.
Other developments followed. By 1912, the Mutual Development Company owned by Milton and Giddings Mabry and the Dekle Investment Company owned by Lee and James Dekle surveyed and platted land adjacent to Seminole Heights forming the Suwanee Heights subdivision. Bounded by Henry Avenue, Hillsborough Avenue, Central Avenue and Florida Avenue, Suwanee Heights was a restricted subdivision. Like the original Seminole Heights, houses required the same east/west orientation but started at $1,400. During the "Florida Bloom" years more development came to areas north and east of the original subdivisions. Of course, with this development came the merchants seeing an opportunity to provide welcome goods and services to the residents; some of those early businesses have faded away. However, many current Seminole Heights businesses have been open for more than 50 years. In October and November 2017, four people were shot dead in separate incidents while walking in the Seminole Heights neighborhood. Police believed.
Tampa Police arrested a suspect, Howell Emanuel "Trai" Donaldson III, a McDonald's employee on Nov 28, 2017 in connection with the multiple murders. The greater Seminole Heights area has a resident population 23,141 living in 9,433 households as of 2009; the median household income is $47,817. The median age is 37; the area is projected to grow 5.89% during 2009-2014. 47 % of the population has higher. Seventy percent 70% of the homes are owner occupied. Seminole Heights consists of three distinct neighborhoods: Old Seminole Heights South Seminole Heights Southeast Seminole Heights source for population figures: The Planning Commission Schools within Seminole Heights include: Cleveland Elementary Hillsborough High School - Website Broward Elementary Edison Elementary Seminole Elementary Memorial Middle School Pepin Academies Two Headed Alligator Hampton Terrace Historic District Seminole Heights Residential District Riverside Heights Tampa Heights West Tampa South Seminole Heights Southeast Seminole Heights Old Seminole Heights Neighborhood Association Business Guild of Seminole Heights North East Seminole Heights Historic Seminole Heights information Hampton Terrace Historic District Seminole Heights Blog Tommy in Seminole Heights Blog My Seminole Heights Blog Information and Activities in Seminole Heights