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Hyperbole

Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. In rhetoric, it is sometimes known as auxesis. In poetry and oratory, it emphasizes, evokes strong feelings, creates strong impressions; as a figure of speech, it is not meant to be taken literally. Hyperbole may be used for instances such as, exaggerations for emphasis or effect. Hyperboles are used in casual speech as intensifiers, such as saying "the bag weighed a ton"or "I've been walking for hours.” Hyperbole makes the point that the speaker found the bag to be heavy, although it was nothing like a literal ton". The rhetorical device makes a point that could not be conveyed with standard or literal language, or, at least, not stated as effectively. For example, “If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away”; some may take this but most would understand Jesus’ saying as a bold overstatement to make a point. Understanding hyperboles and their use in context can further one's ability to understand the messages being sent from the speaker.

The use of hyperboles relays feelings or emotions from the speaker, or from those who the speaker may talk about. Hyperbole can be used in a form of humor, excitement and many other emotions, all depending on the context in which the speaker uses it. Litotes and meiosis, forms of deliberate understatement Examples of hyperbole in poetry Definition and Examples of Hyperbole Ritter, Joshua. "Recovering Hyperbole: Re-Imagining the Limits of Rhetoric for an age of Excess". Scholarworks.gsu.edu. Georgia State University

Batote

Batote is a town and a notified area committee in Ramban district of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir on NH 44 (former name NH 1A just beyond Patnitop while going towards Srinagar. Batote is located on the national highway NH 44 from Jammu to Srinagar at 33.10°N 75.32°E / 33.10. It has an average elevation of 1,555 metres. Batote is green and has many mountains. People of this town is so friendly, it has a small city centre where you can find many necessary things. You can spend your summers here. Snowfall in winter every year makes this place awesome; some famous picnic spots Sanasar are located 14 km and 32 km from Batote. As of 2011 census,Batote had a population of 4,315. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Batote has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. Doda

Oleh Skrypka

Oleg Yuriyovych Skrypka is a Ukrainian musician, vocalist and leader of the group Vopli Vidoplyasova. Oleg Skrypka was born in Sovietobad, his father Yuri Pavlovich, a radiologist, came from Hiltsi, a village in the Poltava region of Ukraine. His mother Anna Alekseevna, a teacher, came from a small village in the Kursk region of Russia. In 1972, the Skrypka family moved to the Murmansk region of Russia, due to Anna not liking the Tajik climate. In 1987, he graduated from Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, founding the rock group Vopli Vidopliassova that same year with Yuri Zdorenko and Alexander Pipa of the heavy metal band SOS and mutual friend Serhiy Sakhno. In 1987, VV became a member of the Kiev rock club, won the first prize at the Kiev rock festival "Rock-parade", released their hit "Танцi". In 1990, the group took a tour of France and Switzerland, during which time one of France's largest newspapers, Le Monde, published material about VV. From 1991 to 1996, Oleg Skrypka, together with his group, lived in France, toured the country.

In 1993, Zdorenko and Sakhno left and Skripka replaced them with French musicians. Sakhno would return in 1997. In 1996, he returned to Kiev and since has been playing many concerts in Ukraine and abroad. Before 2014, he visited Moscow. In 2000, VV performed in Riga, gave a concert in the Moscow Palace of Youth, after that - a tour around the cities of Siberia. In January 2002 the group toured Israel and Portugal, in February of the same year gave several concerts in New York. In 2003, they performed in Toronto. In 2004, Skrypka was one of the organizers of the festival Krayina Mriy, the festival began its history 14 years after the song and ten years after the album "VV" with the same name. Under the auspices of "Krayina Mriy" Oleg Skrypka involved in publishing and versatile educational activities. Skrypka is the founder of another festival of modern Ukrainian rock music - "Rock Sich"; the main purpose of the festival - to support the national rock culture. This capital and the only festival where both the three stages heard Ukrainian rock music..

In 2007, Skrypka won the second place in the project "Dances with the stars 2". In 2009, a group of activists attempted to nominate Skrypka as a candidate for President of Ukraine, but he refused the nomination, he speaks fluently Ukrainian, Russian and French. His first language was Russian - his first exposure to Ukrainian came in 1974, when he went on a family holiday to Giltsi, he did not become fluent in Ukrainian until 1994. In 2014, Skripka stated in an interview with Rossiiskaya gazeta that he and Vopli Vidopliassova would no longer perform in Russia; that year, he pulled out of a concert in London that featured popular Russian singer Valeriya, stating that he would not perform in Russia or alongside Russians "as long as Russia and Ukraine are at war". In 2016, Skrypka and numerous other Ukrainian entertainers lobbied President Petro Poroshenko to ban broadcasting of Russian film and music in the country, as well as banning the import of Russian film and music. In April 2017, he was recorded stating that people who don't speak Ukrainian have "low IQs" and should be sent to "ghettoes".

He denied making those remarks. On the 22nd of that month, Skripka was called by Russian prankster Vladimir Kuznetsov, of Vovan and Lexus fame, who introduced himself as Arsen Avakov, the Ukrainian Minister of Internal Affairs. During the conversation with "Avakov", Skripka was questioned about his comments, accused the newspaper Ukrainskaya Pravda of taking his words out of context, he did not issue a formal apology until that night, when he realised he had been the victim of a prank. In his apology, he stated that the prank call was not a "provocation" against him, but against all Ukraine.2019 would see Skripka lament about his loss of popularity in both Russia and Ukraine, stating that "the Russians are no longer calling and the Ukrainian oligarchs are poor". Oleg's first wife was Marie Rebaud, they met on his arrival in Paris in early 1990. After returning to Ukraine, Skrypka met Natalia Syd. In this marriage, four children were born: sons - Roman and Ustym and daughter - Olesya and Zoryana.

2001 — Inkoly 2004 — Vidrada 2009 — Serce u mene vrazilve 2010 — Shchedryk 2011 — Jorjina 2011 — Humanisty 2016 — Ukrayina 2001 — Evenings on a khutor Near Dikanka as blacksmith Vakula 2002 — Cinderella as Troubadour 2006 — Terkel in Trouble 2006 — Carlson, who lives on the roof as Carlson 2007 — Milkmaid of Hatsapetivka as cameo 2008 — Radio Day as cameo 2008 — Alice Birthday as Professor Seleznev 2012 — After School as Ketchup 2013 — My Мermaid, Мy Lorelyay as policeman Official site of band "ВВ" Krayina Mriy: Art Space Oleg Skrypka «Vopli Vidopliassova» at site Krayina Mriy Official Facebook page Проектуючи Україну мрій / Український тиждень. № 15 16-22.04.2010. С. 52-55. Олег Скрипка: "Гол

European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Regulators

The European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Regulators is the advisory body consisting of the heads and high level representatives of the EU national regulatory authorities for audiovisual media services. Its tasks are: To advise and assist the Commission, in its work to ensure a consistent implementation in all Member States of the regulatory framework for audiovisual media services. In 2017 Prof. Dr. Madeleine de Cock Buning, president of the Dutch Commissariaat voor de Media, is the Chair of ERGA. Damir Hajduk, acting President of the Croatian Council for Electronic Media, Luboš Kukliš, Chief Executive of the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission of the Slovak Republic, are the Vice-Chairs of ERGA in 2017. ERGA was established by a decision of the European Commission of 3 February 2014; the Members of ERGA met for the first time in Brussels on 4 March 2014. It adopted its rules of procedure. In 2016 ERGA published four expert reports on material and territorial jurisdiction, on the independence of national regulatory authorities, on the protection of minors.

These reports consisted of concrete advice to the European Commission regarding the revision of the directive for audiovisual media services. In its proposal to revise this directive of May 2016, the European Commission referred to ERGA’s advice, stating: “ERGA has made a positive contribution towards consistent regulatory practice and has provided high level advice to the Commission on implementation matters; this calls for the formal reinforcement of its role in this Directive. The group should therefore be re-established by virtue of this Directive.” The legislation process to adopt a revised AVMS Directive is still ongoing. ERGA Report on the Independence of National Regulatory Authorities ERGA Report on the Protection of Minors in a Converged Environment ERGA Report on Material Jurisdiction in a Converged Environment ERGA Report on Territorial Jurisdiction in a Converged Environment ERGA Report on the Provision of Greater Accessibility to Audiovisual Media Services for Person with Disabilities ERGA Opinion on AVMSD Proposal Website ERGA Website EPRA Commission Decision on establishing the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Regulators Directive for audiovisual media services Proposal for an updated Audiovisual Media Services Directive

California State Route 273

State Route 273 is a state highway in the U. S. state of California that serves as a business loop of Interstate 5 that travels directly through the downtown districts of Anderson and Redding in Shasta County. SR 273 was part of former U. S. Route 99. In 2007 an effort was begun to have this segment signed as "Historic Route 99". Supporters hope to have black-and-white historical Route 99 signs up by October, they will be placed from North Market Street in Redding down to where Interstate 5 meets Highway 273 south of Anderson. SR 273 begins just south of Anderson at an interchange with Interstate 5; the roadway parallels I-5 northeast into central Anderson. Upon exiting a suburban area, the route enters farmland, while paralleling the Sacramento River; the roadway enters suburban Redding, where it turns away from the Sacramento River and zigzags along local roads through downtown, where it meets State Route 299. Upon exiting downtown, SR 273 crosses the Sacramento River and meets its northern terminus at Interstate 5 in the suburbs of Redding.

SR 273 is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment of U. S. Route 99 as it existed at that time, do not reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, T indicates postmiles classified as temporary. Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted; the entire route is in Shasta County. California Roads portal California Highways: Route 273 California @ AARoads.com - State Route 273 Caltrans: Route 273 highway conditions

Baka (Japanese word)

Baka means "fool. This word baka has a long history, an uncertain etymology, linguistic complexities; the modern Japanese writing system transcribes the insult baka as バカ in katakana, ばか in hiragana, or 馬鹿 in ateji phonetic kanji transcription. The first written usages of baka were during the Nanboku-chō period, when the "Northern and Southern Courts" battled. In the earliest example, the Taiheiki historical epic records bakamono being used as an insult in 1342; the Ashikaga commander Toki Yoritō refuses to pay obeisance to retired Emperor Kōgon, "Yoritō inebriated, loudly demands to know what kind of fool has the temerity to order him to dismount." According to Carr, "Shinmura found that the original editions of the Taiheiki had baka written バカ. Many classical Japanese texts used baka. For instance, the Kōyō Gunkan military chronicle transcribed baka as 馬嫁. Ihara Saikaku's Kōshoku Ichidai Otoko, a classic of the Ukiyozōshi genre, wrote baka with the modern kanji 馬鹿. Although the origins of baka are uncertain, Japanese scholars have proposed various etymologies and folk etymologies.

The two most cited are a Classical Chinese idiom and a loanword from Sanskrit. First, the oldest hypothesis suggests that baka originated as a Chinese literary "allusion to a historical fool", the Qin Dynasty traitor Zhao Gao from the Records of the Grand Historian; this etymology first appears in the Unbo Irohashū dictionary, which glosses baka 馬鹿 as meaning "point at a deer and say horse". Namely, the Chinese idiom zhǐlù-wéimǎ meaning "deliberate misrepresentation for ulterior purposes". Zhao was an infamous minister who served the first emperor Qin Shi Huang and forced the second Qin Er Shi to commit suicide. Zhao Gao was contemplating treason but was afraid the other officials would not heed his commands, so he decided to test them first, he called it a horse. The Second Emperor laughed and said, "Is the chancellor mistaken, calling a deer a horse?" The emperor questioned those around him. Some remained silent, while some, hoping to ingratiate themselves with Zhao Gao, said it was a horse, others said it was a deer.

Zhao Gao secretly arranged for all those. Thereafter the officials were all terrified of Zhao Gao; the Japanese idiom first appears in the 11th-century novel The Tale of Genji. Kokiden flew into a rage. "A man out of favor with His Majesty is expected to have trouble feeding himself. And here he is saying awful things about all of us. No doubt the grovelers around him are assuring him. Second, the most linguistically sound etymology is that baka derives from a Sanskrit word meaning "fool". According to the Japanese linguist and lexicographer Shinmura Izuru, the Edo-period scholar Amano Sadakage suggested that Japanese Buddhist priests coined the word baka from Sanskrit. Modern reference works give two possible Sanskrit sources for the word, moha "foolish" and mahallaka "stupid". Sanskrit moha means "bewilderment, loss of consciousness, folly" and comes from the root muh meaning "bewildered, confused". Sanskrit mahallaka means "senile, feeble minded, decrepit" and comes from mūrkha, meaning "dull, foolish, inexperienced.

Other proposed etymologies for baka are less reliable. Two Edo-period dictionaries proposed that baka derived from: ōmaka 大まか "generous; the same 馬鹿 "horse deer" characters that transcribe baka are used for names in Chinese zoological nomenclature and Japanese mythology. In the Chinese language, malu refers to the common "Red Deer. Mumashika is a rare alternate Japanese reading of 馬鹿 that names "a yōkai demon with a horse's head and deer's body"; the c. 1832 Hyakki Yakō Emaki depicts it with one eye, horse mouth and ears, deer horn and hooves. Based on semantic analyses of baka entries in Japanese dictionaries and thesauruses, the lexicographer Michael Carr differentiates eight interrelated meanings. Three basic "fool; these are found in many frequently-used Japanese expressions. Some more insulting lexemes are bakamono 馬鹿者 "stupid/born fool", ōbaka 大馬鹿 "big fool damned idiot", baka-yarō 馬鹿野郎 "stupid jerk, asshole, dumbass"; some compounds are baka yoke 馬鹿ヨケ "foolproof.