Homelessness is defined as living in housing, below the minimum standard or lacks secure tenure. People can be categorized as homeless; the legal definition of homeless varies from country to country, or among different jurisdictions in the same country or region. According to the UK homelessness charity Crisis, a home is not just a physical space: it provides roots, security, a sense of belonging and a place of emotional wellbeing. United States government homeless enumeration studies include people who sleep in a public or private place not designed for use as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings. People who are homeless are most unable to acquire and maintain regular, safe and adequate housing due to a lack of, or an unsteady income. Homelessness and poverty are interrelated. In 2005, an estimated 100 million people worldwide were homeless and as many as 1 billion people live as squatters, refugees or in temporary shelter, all lacking adequate housing. In Western countries, the majority of homeless are men, with single males overrepresented.
However, current data suggests similar rates of homeless females. In 2015, the United States reported that there were 564,708 homeless people within its borders, one of the higher reported figures worldwide; these figures are underestimates as surveillance for the homeless population is challenging. When compared to the general population, people who are homeless experience higher rates of adverse physical and mental health outcomes, which renders them vulnerable to health conditions associated with climate change. Chronic disease severity, respiratory conditions, rates of mental health illnesses and substance use are all greater in homeless populations than the general population. Homelessness is associated with a high risk of suicide attempts. People experiencing homelessness have limited access to resources and are disengaged from health services, making them that much more susceptible to extreme weather events and ozone levels; these disparities result in increased morbidity and mortality in the homeless population.
There are a number of organizations. Most countries provide a variety of services to assist homeless people; these services provide food and clothing and may be organized and run by community organizations or by government departments or agencies. These programs may be supported by the government, charities and individual donors. Many cities have street newspapers, which are publications designed to provide employment opportunity to homeless people. While some homeless have jobs, some must seek other methods to make a living. Begging or panhandling is one option, but is becoming illegal in many cities. People who are homeless may have additional conditions, such as physical or mental health issues or substance addiction. Homeless people, homeless organizations, are sometimes accused or convicted of fraudulent behaviour. Criminals are known to exploit homeless people, ranging from identity theft to tax and welfare scams; these incidents lead to negative connotations on the homeless as a group. In 2004, the United Nations sector of Economic and Social Affairs defined a homeless household as those households without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters due to a lack of or a steady income.
They carry their few possessions with them, sleeping in the streets, in doorways or on piers, or in another space, on a more or less random basis. In 2009, at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Conference of European Statisticians, held in Geneva, the Group of Experts on Population and Housing Censuses defined homelessness as: In its Recommendations for the Censuses of Population and Housing, the CES identifies homeless people under two broad groups: Primary homelessness; this category includes persons living in the streets without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters. This category may include persons with no place of usual residence who move between various types of accommodations; this category includes persons living in private dwellings but reporting'no usual address' on their census form. The CES acknowledges that the above approach does not provide a full definition of the'homeless'. Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted 10 December 1948 by the UN General Assembly, contains this text regarding housing and quality of living: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing and medical care and necessary social services, the right to security in the event of unemployment, disability, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Homelessness is addressed differently according to country. The European Typology of Homelessness and Housing Exclusion was developed as a means of improving understanding and measurement of homelessness in Europe, to provide a common "language" for transnational exchanges on homelessness; the ETHOS approach confirms that homelessne
Steve Edge is an English actor and former comedian. He is most famous for his work on Starlings, Phoenix Nights, The Cup, The Visit, Peep Show and the satirical magazine show Star Stories. Edge was born in Cannock, England, he attended the University of Salford. He began his career in 1997 and from until 2004 worked as a comedian. From March–November 2004 Steve, Paddy McGuinness, Archie Kelly and Janice Connolly toured a live stand-up show "Jumping on the Bandwagon" in reference to the success of Peter Kay's Phoenix Nights; the final show of the tour and the last time he did stand-up was at Blackpool. Edge is most famous playing Alan, one half of double-act Les Alanos with Les played by Toby Foster in That Peter Kay Thing, Peter Kay's Phoenix Nights and Max and Paddy's Road To Nowhere, he reprised the role in 2015 for Phoenix Nights LIVE where the cast performed 16 shows at Manchester Arena and raised £5 million for Comic Relief. Edge was a programme associate/writer on 8 out of 10 Cats from 2007 to 2011.
He was script editor for the BBC2 comedy "The Cup" in which he starred as the lead, Terry McConnell. In 2009 he wrote the BBC1 show Walk on the Wild Side along with Jason Manford as well as adding the voices to the show, most notably the Marmot shouting "Alan". In 2009 he wrote and narrated BBC3's "Almost Famous III" and returned in 2010 with the much revered sequel "Almost Famous IV". In 2002 he starred in a series of improvised adverts directed by Graham Linehan, for the now defunct ITV Sport Channel, he starred as a hapless undertaker in the Elbow promo for the song "Not a Job"Edge is the creator and co-writer of the series Starlings along with Matt King on Sky1. Finalist in the 1998 BBC New Comedy Awards competition at the Edinburgh Festival Nominated in 2004 for the Manchester Evening News Theatre Awards – Best Comedy for the "Jumping on the Bandwagon" Tour Nominated in 2005 North West Comedy Awards – Best Comedic Performance on Film & TV for I'm with Stupid Nominated in 2007 RTS Awards Best Performance in a Comedy for The Visit Nominated in 2008 British Comedy Awards Best Male Comedy Newcomer for The Cup Won in 2010 RTS Awards Best Performance in a Comedy for Scallywagga Steve has lived in Didsbury a suburb of Manchester since 1995 and revealed on Soccer AM that he is a Wolverhampton Wanderers season ticket holder who sits in the Stan Cullis Stand.
Steve Edge is godfather to Jason Manford's twin daughters. Steve Edge on IMDb Steve Edge on Myspace Steve's CV and credits at Curtis Brown
The Wannadies were an alternative rock band formed in 1988 in Skellefteå, northern Sweden. The band's initial line-up featured Pär Wiksten, Christina Bergmark, Stefan Schönfeldt and his younger brother Fredrik Schönfeldt with Gunnar Karlsson and Björn Malmquist; the Wannadies played their first concert, a festival in support of the Nicaraguan Sandinistas, in October 1988 and only weeks entered local studio KN to record the three tracks that would become their debut release—the Smile EP. Smile was released in February 1989 and managed to pick up several'single of the week' accolades from national newspapers as well as airplay on indie radio shows such as'Bommen' despite little or no marketing. Following the band's appearance at the Hultsfred Festival in August 1989, The Wannadies signed a recording contract with MNW Records, releasing their debut single, "My Hometown", in May the following year; the band's eponymous debut album was released in August 1990 and was supported by tours of Sweden and Norway.
A highlight for the group was 1991s Nordic music festival in Paris where they shared the bill with Finland's 22 Pistepirkko and Iceland's The Sugarcubes. Second album, Aquanautic was released in October 1992 on MNW's indie label. Not without controversy the album saw videos for the singles "Things That I Would Love to Have Undone" and "Cherry Man" banned by MTV the former for featuring a foam animal cadaver, the latter for the allusions to paedophilia in both the song's lyrics and video which featured a middle-aged man surrounded by young girls and boys. In the summer of 1993 Björn Malmquist left the band. Initial recording sessions for third album, Be a Girl, proved unsuccessful—first choice producer Dagge Lunquist took paternity leave late in 1993 and a second attempt with producer Micke Herrström had to be abandoned after just a week and a half when, first engineer Adam Kviman Herrström were taken sick with hearing injuries. "Love in June", the only song to be completed with Micke Herrström, was released as a single while the band tried again to record Be a Girl, this time with producer Nille Perned.
The album was finished by autumn 1994 and was released along with second single, "You and Me Song", to critical acclaim in their native country. Shortly afterwards the band came to the attention of Indolent Records in the United Kingdom who signed The Wannadies in the summer of 1995; the group's first British gig followed soon after, a sold out show at London's Dublin Castle in the autumn of the same year. Throughout winter the band toured extensively with labelmates Sleeper and The 60 ft Dolls as well as with Lightning Seeds and Frank Black. At the same time they were commuting to studios in Gothenburg, Skellefteå and Stockholm to record tracks for their next album, again with producer Nille Perned. Further singles "Might Be Stars" and "How Does It Feel?" were taken from Be a Girl but it was not until the re-release of "You and Me Song" in April 1996 that the band made an impact in the United Kingdom, where the song peaked at number eighteen on the UK Singles Chart. The track appeared on the official soundtrack to Baz Luhrmann's 1996 Romeo + Juliet, further increasing their popularity.
Problems with Swedish record company MNW led to delays with the release of the group's fourth album, Bagsy Me, released in January 1997 on Sony/BMG Records. The album included the hit singles "Someone Somewhere", "Friends", "Hit" and "Shorty". "You and Me Song" was included to capitalise on The Wannadies post-Romeo + Juliet success. A revised version of the album was released in America under the title The Wannadies; the next few years were a turbulent time for the group. In Spring 1997 drummer and founding member Gunnar Karlsson left, to be replaced by Erik Dahlgren, a long-term friend of the band. After sorting out problems with their Swedish record label The Wannadies now felt they were suffering from a lack of support from BMG in the UK and went on strike. A compilation album of the best of their first three albums featuring tracks chosen by the band and entitled, Skellefteå, was released in Scandinavia in the spring of 1998 with the band touring the region in support while their problems with BMG were being resolved.
Relations with the label had sufficiently improved for the band to begin recording their next album in the autumn of 1998 with a ten-day session at the Chateau De La Rouge Motte studio in Normandy, France with producer Mike Hedges. Only one track, "String Song", was completed however and it was not until the winter of 1998/99 that the band recorded the bulk of the tracks for fifth album Yeah. With former Cars frontman Ric Ocasek at the helm The Wannadies began recording at Electric Lady recording studios in New York City and continued work at studios in Stockholm and London. Yeah was released in the autumn of 1999 in Scandinavia and early spring 2000 in the UK. BMG decided not to release the record in America however, refused permission for the band to release it on another label and dropped the band altogether. Despite not having a record company The Wannadies toured extensively throughout the summer of 2000, played the Glastonbury and Carling festivals in the UK, Roskilde in Denmark and Arvika in Sweden and completed a mini-tour of Japan.
The latter half of 2000 and much of 2001 saw the band construct their own record
BBC Three was a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation. Launched on 9 February 2003 as a replacement for BBC Choice, the service's remit was to provide "innovative programming" to a target audience of viewers between 16 and 34 years old, leveraging technology as well as new talent. Unlike its commercial rivals, 90% of BBC Three's output originated from the United Kingdom. 70% was original, covering all genres, including animation, current affairs, drama. BBC Three had a unique 60 Seconds format for its news bulletins, adopted so that operation of the channel could be automated, without the complication of dealing with variable-length live news broadcasts; the former controller of the station, Zai Bennett, left to join Sky Atlantic in July 2014, at which point BBC Three commissioner Sam Bickley became acting controller. Until February 2016, the network broadcast on Freeview, digital cable, IPTV and Satellite television platforms, was on-air from 7 pm to around 4 am each night to share terrestrial television bandwidth with CBBC.
In March 2014, as a result of a planned £100 million budget cut across the BBC, it was proposed that BBC Three be discontinued as an'open' television service, be converted to an over-the-top Internet television service with a smaller programming budget and a focus on short-form productions. Despite significant public opposition, the proposal was provisionally approved by the BBC Trust in June 2015, with a new consultation open until 30 September of that year; the TV channel ceased operations on 16 February 2016. In late 2001, the BBC decided to reposition and rebrand their two digital channels so that they could be more linked to the well established BBC One and BBC Two, their plan was for BBC Knowledge to be replaced with BBC Four—which took place in 2002—and for BBC Choice to be replaced with BBC Three. However, questions were raised over the proposed format of the new BBC Three, as some thought the new format would be too similar to the BBC's commercial rivals, namely ITV2 and E4, would be unnecessary competition.
The channel was given the go ahead, eleven months after the original launch date, launched on 9 February 2003. The channel was launched by Stuart Murphy, who ran BBC Choice, before that UK Play, the now-discontinued UKTV music and comedy channel. At 33, Murphy was still the youngest channel controller in the country, a title he had held since launching UK Play at the age of 26. On 12 May 2011, BBC Three was added to the Sky EPG in the Republic of Ireland on channel 229, it was moved to channel 210 on 3 July 2012, to free up space for new channels. It was moved to 115. For the duration of the 2012 Summer Olympics, BBC Three increased its broadcasting hours to 24 hours to provide extra coverage of Olympic events. Broadcast hours were extended again for the 2014 Commonwealth Games with BBC Three broadcasting from 9:00 am to 4:00 am for the duration of the games. On 16 July 2013 the BBC announced that a high-definition simulcast of BBC Three would be launched by early 2014; the channel launched on 10 December 2013.
In February 2014, BBC Director-General Tony Hall announced that cuts of £100 million would have to be made at the corporation. On 5 March 2014, Hall announced a proposal to convert BBC Three to an online-only service, with an 50% cut in its programming budget, a larger emphasis on short form content due to the cut in funding; these changes formed part of a package of proposals from the BBC, including extending CBBC's hours, respending £30m on BBC One audiences for drama, launching a one-hour timeshift channel of BBC One. There was notable backlash against the measures, with celebrities including Greg James, Matt Lucas and Jack Whitehall speaking out. A petition against the move on change.org has gathered over 300,000 signatures. However, there was some support from media commentators, those who backed a "slimmer" BBC; when the BBC revealed the full detail in December 2014, it admitted there was widespread opposition from BBC Three viewers but said there was support for the wider package of proposals.
They believed the public welcomed a BBC One +1 as it admits "a vast majority of viewing still takes place on linear channels". The'Save BBC Three' campaign pointed out this was a contradiction to what the BBC said about BBC Three; the BBC Trust began a 28-day public consultation regarding the plans on 20 January 2015 and it ended with a protest outside Broadcasting House. As part of the consultation a letter of 750 names against the move from the creative industry was sent to the BBC Trust, this had the backing of a number of celebrities including Daniel Radcliffe, Aidan Turner, Olivia Colman and Lena Headey; the polling company ICM concluded a "large majority" of those that replied to the consultation were against the move with respondents concerned about those who cannot stream programming online, the effect of the content budget cuts, the BBC's own admission the audience numbers would drop. The Save BBC Three campaign has argued the transition period is too short and that programmes like Family Guy and Don't Tell the Bride have not performed as well on BBC One and BBC Two with the 16-34 year old audience, in comparison to BBC Three.
It did not consider the proposals cost-effective because the BBC will need to spend on a new brand and triple advertising budgets to increase awareness of the new service. Nonetheless, the BBC Trust issued its final decision to approve the transition in November 2015, citing the fact th