Olympiacos B. C. known as Olympiacos or Olympiacos Piraeus, is a Greek professional basketball club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus. The basketball club, founded in 1931, is one of the most successful clubs in European basketball, having won three EuroLeague Championships, one Triple Crown, one Intercontinental Cup, twelve Greek Championships and nine Greek Cups, they play their home matches at the Friendship Stadium. Olympiacos is a traditional powerhouse of the EuroLeague and besides their three European Championship titles, they have been five times EuroLeague runners-up and have participated, altogether, in ten EuroLeague Final Fours. From 2006 to 2015, Olympiacos qualified 10 times in a row for at least the quarter-finals of the EuroLeague, an all-time record in European basketball history at the time, shared with FC Barcelona, who made a new record in 2016; the first major achievement of Olympiacos in European competitions was their presence in the European Champions Cup semifinal group stage in 1979, but it was in the 1990s that Olympiacos made their biggest mark.
They reached the EuroLeague Final in two consecutive seasons, 1994 and 1995, being the first Greek club that played in a EuroLeague Final, they won their first EuroLeague title in 1997 after a convincing 73–58 win against FC Barcelona in the final, thus achieving the first Triple Crown for a Greek team. As European champions, Olympiacos played in the 1997 McDonald's Championship and reached the final of the tournament, where they met Michael Jordan's NBA champions, the Chicago Bulls, they dominated Greek basketball during the decade of the 90s, when the Greek Basket League was considered Europe's best national basketball league. Based on all those achievements, FIBA declared Olympiacos as the Best European Team of the 1990s. Olympiacos returned to the top of European basketball in 2010, when they reached the final against Barcelona in Paris, but in 2012, when they won their second EuroLeague title in Istanbul, by rallying from 19 points down in the championship game, to beat CSKA Moscow 62–61, on the last shot of the game, achieving the greatest comeback in European basketball finals history, one of the greatest seen in European continental basketball.
In 2013, Olympiacos won their third EuroLeague title and became the first and only Greek club, only the third club in European basketball history, to become back-to-back European champions in the modern Final Four era of the EuroLeague, after beating Real Madrid 100–88 in the final of the 2013 Euroleague Final Four in London. After winning back-to-back EuroLeague championships, Olympiacos won the Intercontinental Cup and celebrated a third international title in less than 2 years; some of the greatest players in European basketball have played for Olympiacos over the years including: Charlie Yelverton, Carey Scurry, Žarko Paspalj, Giorgos Sigalas, Dragan Tarlać, Walter Berry, Panagiotis Fasoulas, Roy Tarpley, Eddie Johnson, Alexander Volkov, David Rivers, Chris Welp, Artūras Karnišovas, Arijan Komazec, Dino Rađja, Theo Papaloukas, Alphonso Ford, Tyus Edney, Arvydas Macijauskas, Ioannis Bourousis, Miloš Teodosić, Nikola Vujčić, Josh Childress, Linas Kleiza, Rašho Nesterović, Kostas Papanikolaou, Kostas Sloukas, Kyle Hines, Joey Dorsey, Stratos Perperoglou, Acie Law, Georgios Printezis and Vassilis Spanoulis.
Under the ownership of billionaire Greek brothers Panagiotis Angelopoulos and Giorgos Angelopoulos, Olympiacos made a record transfer in 2008, by signing NBA player Josh Childress, whose US$20 million net income contract for three years made him the highest-paid basketball player in the world outside the NBA. The club had its beginnings in the 1930s. Olympiacos was the first Greek team to familiarize itself with American style basketball, as Alekos Spanoudakis learned to imitate the American style jump shot, his brother, Ioannis Spanoudakis, met basketball legend Bob Cousy, practiced many of his secrets and techniques on the court; the Spanoudakis brothers led the club to its first Greek League championship in 1949. The second title didn't come until 11 years in 1960, allowed the Reds for the first time to qualify for the European Champions Cup, their first participation at the European-wide level, it wasn't until 1976 that coach Faidon Matthaiou managed to create a strong team based on the stars Steve Giatzoglou, Giorgos Kastrinakis, Giorgos Barlas and on strong team players like Paul Melini and Pavlos Diakoulas.
Olympiacos would win another Greek title and it did so in unprecedented fashion, running off 22 victories in 22 games. Reds completed the first double in their history, winning the Greek Cup, while they did well in the Cup Winner's Cup as well, reaching the last 8; the next year, Kostas Mourouzis was appointed as head coach and the team won the Greek cup, after eliminating Panathinaikos with a record-setting 110–68 away win. Melini led Olympiacos with 24 points, while Kastrinakis scored 22. In 1978 the team did their second double in 3 years, winning both the Greek championship and their third Greek cup in a row, beating AEK 103–88 in the final. In 1979 the club had their first significant success in Europe, reaching the final round of the European Championship; the final round of that year was one of the toughest in the competition. Olympiacos finished 6th, winning only one game, the 79–77 h
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
CB Lucentum Alicante
Club Baloncesto Lucentum Alicante is a professional basketball team based in Alicante, Valencian Community. Lucentum Alicante played in Liga ACB for the last time in 2012, after selling its place in the league to CB Canarias. In August 2015, due to its financial problems, it gave its place in LEB Plata to the Fundación Lucentum Baloncesto, created two months before to save the basketball of the city. Lucentum Alicante has had several sponsorship names during its history: Ernesto Electrodomésticos 1994–1996 Proaguas Costablanca 2000–2001 Etosa Alicante 2002–2007 Alicante Costablanca 2007–2008 Meridiano Alicante 2009–2011 LEB Oro: 2000, 2002 Copa Príncipe: 2002, 2009 Lliga Valenciana: 2004, 2006, 2011 All-ACB Team Lou Roe – 2004 Lucio Angulo José Manuel Calderón Juan Ignacio Sánchez Pablo Prigioni Andy Rautins Mindaugas Katelynas Martynas Andriuškevičius Velimir Perasović Vule Avdalović Lou Roe Kyle Singler Serkan Erdoğan CB Lucentum Alicante Official Website
Baloncesto Málaga, S. A. D. for sponsorship reasons named Unicaja, is a Spanish professional basketball team, based in Málaga, Spain. The team plays in the EuroLeague; the team is sponsored by the Spanish bank Unicaja. Unicaja was founded in 1977, as CB Caja de Ronda. In 1992, the club merged another ACB team in the city of Málaga, CB Maristas de Málaga, founded in 1953 as Ademar Basket Club. Over the years, the club has featured players like: Nacho Rodríguez, Berni Rodríguez, Carlos Cabezas, Jorge Garbajosa, Marcus Brown, Sergei Babkov, Michael Ansley, Louis Bullock, Kenny Miller, as well as numerous other well-known players; the club won its first title, when it won the European-wide third tier level FIBA Korać Cup in the 2000–01 season. They won the Spanish King's Cup title in 2005; the next year, in the 2005–06 season, Unicaja won its first-ever Spanish League championship. The club finished its best years to date, by qualifying for the 2007 Euroleague Final Four, where it was defeated in the semifinals by CSKA Moscow, thus finished in third place in the EuroLeague.
In October 2007, Unicaja faced the NBA's Memphis Grizzlies in a friendly match, they defeated the Grizzlies, by a score of 102–99. That was one of the 17 times. Pau Gasol and Juan Carlos Navarro, two of the greatest Spanish basketball players of all time, played for Memphis in that historical game. Málaga participated in the European-wide top-tier level league, the EuroLeague, for 15 consecutive seasons. However, in the summer of 2015, it lost its EuroLeague A-licence. Therefore, in the 2016–17 season, Unicaja participated in the second tier level EuroCup; the club won the EuroCup title, in its first season in the league, after winning over Valencia Basket in the league's Finals. Pabellón Guadaljaire Pabellón Tiro Pichón Pabellón Ciudad Jardín Palacio de Deportes José María Martín Carpena Since 1999, Unicaja Málaga has played its home games at the Palacio de Deportes José María Martín Carpena arena; the arena seated 9,743 spectators for basketball games, was expanded in the year 2010, to a current seating capacity of 11,300 people for basketball games.
National: Liga ACB: 2005–06 Copa del Rey: 2005 2nd division championships: 1ª División B: 1981, 1987 Andalusia Cup: 1996, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018International: EuroCup: 2017 Korać Cup: 2001 EuroLeague: Third Place: 2007 EuroCup Finals MVP Alberto Díaz – 2017 Baloncesto Málaga B is the reserve team of Unicaja, basketball based in Málaga. From 2007 to 2016, Baloncesto Málaga had an agreement with CB Axarquía, for them to play as the club's main farm team, while Baloncesto Málaga B, which plays under the name Unicaja, was the club's third team until the end of this contract. Official Website Baloncesto Málaga at ACB.com Baloncesto Málaga at Euroleague.net Baloncesto Málaga at Eurobasket.com
Forward–center or Bigman is a basketball position for players who play or have played both forward and center on a consistent basis. This means power forward and center, since these are the two biggest player positions on any basketball team, therefore more overlap each other. Forward–center came into the basketball jargon as the game evolved and became more specialized in the 1960s; the five positions on court were known only as guards and the center, but it is now accepted that the five primary positions are point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward, center. A forward–center is a talented forward who came to play minutes at center on teams that need help at that position; the player could be a somewhat floor-bound center, under seven feet tall at the NBA level, whose skills suit him to a power forward position if that team has a better center. One such player is Marcus Camby of the New York Knicks. At 6'11", he plays as a center, but when he played for the New York Knicks earlier in his career, he played power forward because his team had one of the best pure centers in the league in 7'0" Patrick Ewing.
Ewing himself was used as a forward–center early in his career to complement the then-incumbent Knicks center, 7'1" Bill Cartwright. Ralph Sampson, at 7'4", was another notable forward–center who played center his rookie year in 1983. In 1984, he moved to power forward. Most forward-centers range from 6' 9" to 7' 0" in height. Other notable forward-centers include: Kevin Garnett, Tim Duncan, Pau Gasol, Chris Bosh, LaMarcus Aldridge, Anthony Davis, Al Horford, Draymond Green. Tweener
Club Estudiantes, S. A. D. Known as Movistar Estudiantes for sponsorship reasons, is a basketball team based in the city of Madrid, Community of Madrid, it is member of the Asociación de Clubes de Baloncesto. Founded in 1948, it is one of the most recognized basketball teams in Spain; some of its achievements include winning three Spanish Cups and reaching the ACB Finals in 2004. The club is particularly famous for its renowned youth programme that has produced many Spanish talents over the years such as Alberto Herreros, Nacho Azofra, Aíto García Reneses, Alfonso Reyes, Felipe Reyes, Carlos Jiménez, Iñaki de Miguel or Pepu Hernández. Along the years CB Estudiantes has had several sponsorship names: The club was founded in 1948 by a group of students of a public preparatory school in Madrid. By the time when the first Spanish-wide season-long championship was organized in 1955, by the Spanish Basketball Association, it was one of the six clubs participating in that tournament, as the second best team from the Province of Madrid (the first being Real Madrid.
Since it has always participated in the premier Spanish basketball league. It is one of only three of such clubs, together with Real Joventut, it is one of two only Spanish basketball clubs with teams both at the top male and female Spanish championships. In May 2012, Estudiantes was relegated for the first time in its history from the top tier of Spanish basketball, but remained in the league because LEB Oro champion CB 1939 Canarias didn't present the required documentation and money. La Nevera: Polideportivo Antonio Magariños: Palacio Vistalegre: Madrid Arena: Palacio de Deportes de la Comunidad de Madrid: Estudiantes has a rivalry with Real Madrid. Both teams meet in the Madrid basketball derby. Antonio Díaz-Miguel, F, 1950–1952, 1953–1958, Inducted 1997 Liga ACBRunners-up: 1962–63, 1967–68, 1980–81, 2003–04Copa del Rey de Baloncesto Winners: 1963, 1992, 2000 Runners-up: 1962, 1973, 1975, 1991Copa Príncipe de Asturias Winners: 1986 EuroLeague4th place: 1991–92 Final Four: 1992FIBA Saporta Cup Semifinalists: 1973–74, 1975–76FIBA Korać Cup Runners-up: 1998–99EuroCup BasketballSemifinalists: 2002–03, 2003–04FIBA EuroChallenge 4th place: 2006–07 Final Four: 2007 FIBA International Christmas Tournament Winners:1992 4th place: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1993 CB Estudiantes has a women's team, founded in 1989 and played during several seasons in Liga Femenina, the Spanish women's basketball top tier.
It plays in Liga Femenina 2. CB Estudiantes Official Website Unofficial CB Estudiantes forum and website ENGLISH Arena, club & matchday guide for visitors to Madrid
Spaniards, or the Spanish people, are a Romance ethnic group that are indigenous to Spain. They share a common Spanish culture, history and language. Within Spain, there are a number of nationalisms and regionalisms, reflecting the country's complex history and diverse culture. Although the official language of Spain is known as "Spanish", it is only one of the national languages of Spain, is less ambiguously known as Castilian, a standard language based on the medieval romance speech of the Kingdom of Castile in north and central Spain; the Spanish people's heritage includes the pre-Celts and Celts. There are several spoken regional languages, most notably Basque and Galician. There are many populations outside Spain with ancestors who emigrated from Spain and who share a Hispanic culture; the Roman Republic conquered Iberia during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. As a result of Roman colonization, the majority of local languages, with the exception of Basque, stem from the Vulgar Latin; the Germanic Vandals and Suebi, with part of the Iranian Alans under King Respendial conquered the peninsula in 409 AD.
In turn, the Visigoths established themselves in Spain. The Iberian Peninsula was conquered and brought under the rule of the Arab Umayyads in 711 and by the Berber North African dynasties the Almohads and the Almoravids in the 11th and 12th centuries. Following the eight century Christian Reconquista against the Moors, the modern Spanish state was formed with the union of the Kingdoms of Castille and Aragon, the conquest of the last Muslim Nasrid Kingdom of Granada and the Canary Islands in the late 15th century. In the early 16th century the Kingdom of Navarre was conquered; as Spain expanded its empire in the Americas, religious minorities in Spain such as Jews and Muslims were either converted or expelled and the Catholic church fiercely persecuted heresy during a period known as the Spanish Inquisition. A small number of Spaniards descend from converted Jewish and North Africans, as a result of the 800 years of Moorish occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. In parallel, a wave of emigration to the Americas began, with over 1.86 million Spaniards emigrating to the Spanish Americas during the colonial period and the population of the Spanish Empire had risen to 16.8 million by the end of the 18th century In the post-colonial period, a further 3.5 million Spanish left for the Americas Argentina, Mexico, Chile, Puerto Rico and Cuba.
Spain is home to one of the largest communities of Romani people. The Government's statistical agency CIS estimated in 2007 that the number of Gitanos present in Spain is around one million; the Spanish Roma, which belong to the Iberian Kale subgroup, are a formerly-nomadic community, which spread across Western Asia, North Africa, Europe, first reaching Spain in the 15th century. The population of Spain is becoming diverse due to recent immigration. From 2000 to 2010, Spain had among the highest per capita immigration rates in the world and the second highest absolute net migration in the World and immigrants now make up about 10% of the population; the prolonged economic crisis between 2008 and 2015 reduced both immigration rates and the total number of foreigners in the country, Spain becoming once more a net emigrant country. The earliest modern humans inhabiting Spain are believed to have been Neolithic peoples who may have arrived in the Iberian Peninsula as early as 35,000–40,000 years ago.
In more recent times the Iberians are believed to have arrived or developed in the region between the 4th millennium BC and the 3rd millennium BC settling along the Mediterranean coast. Celts settled in Spain during the Iron Age; some of those tribes in North-central Spain, which had cultural contact with the Iberians, are called Celtiberians. In addition, a group known as the Tartessians and Turdetanians inhabited southwestern Spain and who are believed to have developed a separate civilization of Phoenician influence; the seafaring Phoenicians and Carthaginians successively founded trading colonies along the Mediterranean coast over a period of several centuries. The Second Punic War between the Carthaginians and Romans was fought in what is now Spain and Portugal; the Roman Republic conquered Iberia during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC transformed most of the region into a series of Latin-speaking provinces. As a result of Roman colonization, the majority of local languages, with the exception of Basque, stem from the Vulgar Latin, spoken in Hispania, which evolved into the modern languages of the Iberian Peninsula, including Castilian, which became the main lingua franca of Spain, is now known in most countries as Spanish.
Hispania emerged as an important part of the Roman Empire and produced notable historical figures such as Trajan, Hadrian and Quintilian. The Germanic Vandals and Suebi, with part of the Iranian Alans under King Respendial, arrived in the peninsula in 409 AD. Part of the Vandals with the remaining Alans, now under Geiseric in personal union removed themselves to North Africa after a few conflicts with another Germanic tribe, the Visigoths, who established in Toulouse supported Roman campaigns against the Vandals and Alans in 415–19 AD and became the dominant power in Iberia for three centuries; the Visigoths were romanized in the eastern Empire and Christians, so their integration withi